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Catalogue of British Columbia Birds
by Francis Kermode
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Catalogue of British Columbia Birds.

PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, VICTORIA B. C.



PREFACE.

The present list is intended to include all birds which have been so far proven to occur in British Columbia.

I am fully aware of its incompleteness, and very much regret much of its lack of more definite information regarding the distribution of certain species, and with regard to that portion of the Province in north and northeastern interior, which, I have no doubt, is a valuable field for work.

Since the publication of the list of British Columbia birds in 1898 by the late John Fannin, which contained 339 species and sub-species, and with the information to hand, enables me to add to this 24.

I wish to extend my thanks especially to the following constant observers for more or less extended local lists, notes and specimens:—A. C. Brooks, Chilliwhack, Okanagan and Cariboo; Rev. J. H. Keen, Queen Charlotte Islands and Metlakatla; Thos. Kermode, William Head Quarantine Station; E. P. Venables, Yernon; Chas. de Blois Green, Fairview and Keremeos.

I have also obtained valuable information from the check-list published by the late John Fannin.

FRANCIS KERMODE, Curator Provincial Museum.

Victoria, B. C., August, 1904.



Order PYGOPODES. Diving birds.

Family PODICIPEDIDAE. Grebes.

AECHMOPHORUS Coues.

1. Western Grebe.

AEchmophorus occidentalis (Lawr.).

A common winter resident along the coast of Vancouver Island and Mainland. Mr. Brooks says a few remain all winter at Okanagan Lake.

COLYMBUS Linnaeus.

2. American Red-necked Grebe. "Holboell's Grebe."

Colymbus holboelli (Reinh.).

A common winter resident along the coast of Vancouver Island and Mainland. Winter resident on Okanagan Lake. (Brooks.) Not common at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.) Breeds on many of the lakes along the Cariboo Road above Clinton. (Fannin.)

3. Horned Grebe.

Colymbus auritus (Linn.).

A common winter resident on the coast, and very common in the straits near Victoria, in April. Brooks reports it at Okanagan Lake all winter. Breeds on the lakes from Okanagan to Dense Lake. (Fannin.) Rare at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

4. American Eared Grebe.

Colymbus nigricollis californicus (Heerm.).

Taken at Kamloops, June, 1889. (Spreadborough.) Found breeding on lakes at Kamloops; Catalogue of Canadian Birds. (Macoun.)

PODILYMBUS Lesson.

5. Pied-billed Grebe.

Podilymbus podiceps (Linn.).

Common resident on Vancouver Island; it breeds on lakes close to Victoria. Common resident on Island and Mainland; breeds throughout its range. (Fannin.)

Family GAVIIDAE Loons.

GAVIA Forster.

6. Great Northern Diver. Loon.

Gavia imber (Gunn.).

Common resident throughout the Province; breeds on Vancouver Island and Mainland.

7. Black-throated Loon.

Gavia arcticus (Linn.).

Taken at Burrard Inlet (Fannin), and at Dease Lake, Cassiar, by James Porter.

8. Pacific Loon.

Gavia pacificus (Lawr.).

Not common; one specimen taken at Comox by W. B. Anderson, and at Chilliwhack by Brooks; Victoria, May 13th, 1904, by Fred. Foster.

9. Red-throated Loon.

Gavia lumme (Gunn.).

I found this species quite common on Barkley Sound, V. I., April 19th, 1894, and fairly common near Esquimalt. Mr. Brooks reports it at Chilliwhack.

Family ALCIDAE. Auks, Murres and Puffins.

LUNDA Pallas.

10. Tufted Puffin.

Lunda cirrhata (Pall.).

Common along the coast of Vancouver Island, Queen Charlotte Islands and Mainland; breeds on Bare Island, near Sidney, B. C.

FRATERCULA Brisson.

11. Horned Puffin.

Fratercula corniculata (Naum.).

Rare at Massett, Queen Charlotte Islands. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

CERORHINCA Bonaparte.

12. Rhinoceros Auklet.

Cerorhinca monocerata (Pall.).

Coasts of Vancouver Island and Mainland. Breeds on islands in Gulf of Georgia.

PTYCHORAMPHUS Brandt.

13. Cassin's Auklet.

Ptychorampus aleuticus (Pall.).

The entire coast line of the Province and West Coast of Vancouver Island. (Fannin.) This species was seen in the Gulf of Georgia, between Salt Spring Island and Nanaimo, May 7th, 1887. (Macoun.)

SYNTHLIBORAMPUS Brandt.

14. Ancient Murrelet.

Synthliborampus antiquus (Gmel.).

Not common. West Coast of Vancouver Island and taken in the Straits, near Victoria. Rev. J. H. Keen reports it rare on Queen Charlotte Islands.

BRACHYRAMPHUS Brandt.

15. Marbled Murrelet.

Brachyramphus marmoratus (Gmel.).

An abundant resident along the coast of British Columbia; have taken it at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, in August, 1895. Rare at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.) Breeds on Vancouver Island, and on some of the smaller islands in the Gulf of Georgia, and along many of the inlets of the Mainland. (Fannin.)

CEPPHUS Pallas.

16. Pigeon Guillemot.

Cepphus columba (Pall.).

An abundant resident along the coast from Race Rocks to Alaska, and quite common in Skidegate Inlet, Q. C. I., August, 1895. Breeds throughout its range.

URIA Brisson.

17. California Murre, Guillemot.

Uria troile californica (Bryant).

A resident along the coast of Vancouver Island and Mainland. Breeds on West Coast of Vancouver Island.



Order LONGIPENNES. Long-winged Swimmers.

Family STERCORARIIDAE. Skuas and Jaegers.

STERCORARIUS Brisson.

18. Pomarine Jaeger.

Stercorarius pomariuus (Temm.).

One specimen taken near Victoria, October 22nd, 1898.

19. Parasitic Jaeger.

Stercorarius parasiticus (Linn.).

One specimen taken at Victoria by Wm. L. Gilchrist, November, 1897. Another specimen was taken at Comox by A. C. Brooks, September 12th, 1903.

20. Long-tailed Jaeger.

Stercorarius longicaudus (Vieill.).

Once shot and several times seen at Sumas Lake, September, 1890. (Brooks).

Family LARIDAE. The Gulls and Terns.

PAGOPHILA Kaup.

21. Ivory Gull. Snow Gull.

Pagophila alba (Gunn.).

One specimen shot at Dease Lake, Cassiar, by James Porter, September, 1889. Another specimen was shot at Okanagan Lake in November, 1897, by Mr. J. T. Studley, and presented to the Museum. Mr. A. C. Brooks also reports it from Okanagan.

RISSA Stephens.

22. Pacific Kittiwake.

Rissa tridactyla pollicaris (Ridgw.).

Taken near Discovery Island, January, 1896, by W. Lindley, and at Queen Charlotte Islands by Dr. C. F. Newcombe, September, 1895.

LARUS Linnaeus.

23. Glaucous-winged Gull.

Larus glaucesceus (Naum.).

An abundant resident on the coast; breeds on some of the islands in the Gulf of Georgia. Mr. Brooks reports it from Okanagan Lake.

24. Western Gull.

Larus occidentalis (Aud.).

An abundant resident on the coast during the winter months. Taken at Chilliwhack. (A. C. Brooks.) Breeds in Similkameen Valley. (Fannin.)

25. American Herring Gull.

Larus argentatus smithsonianus (Coues.).

An abundant resident on the coast. It breeds on the coast and in the interior of Mainland. Common at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.) Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks.)

26. California Gull.

Larus californicus (Lawr.).

A common winter resident on the coast. Common in the Lower Fraser Valley and on the Okanagan Lake in winter. (Brooks.)

27. Ring-billed Gull.

Larus delawarensis (Ord.).

Common along the coast of Vancouver Island and Mainland. Common in winter at Okanagan Lake and Chilliwhack. (Brooks.) Breeds in the Interior, especially to the northward. (Fannin.)

28. Short-billed Gull.

Larus brachyrhynchus (Rich.).

Common winter resident along the coast of Vancouver Island and Mainland. Common in Lower Fraser Valley. (Brooks.) During the early part of May, 1891, I saw quite a number on the lakes of the Cariboo District, where it probably breeds. (Fannin.)

29. Heermann's Gull. White-headed Gull.

Larus heermanni (Cass.).

Common along the southern coast of Vancouver Island during July and August. Taken at William Head in full plumage, June 28th, 1904, by Thos. Kermode.

30. Bonaparte's Gull.

Larus philadelphia (Ord.).

An abundant resident throughout the Province, and found in great numbers about the inlets and rivers in March and April; it breeds in the interior of the Province. I have also seen it on the coast in June and July.

XEMA Leach.

31. Sabine's Gull.

Xema sabinii (Sab.).

Taken at Okanagan Lake, September 9th, 1897. (Brooks.)

STERNA Linnaeus.

32. Common Tern.

Sterna hirundo (Linn.).

One specimen shot at Cowichan Gap by R. D. McClure, September 15th, 1896, and presented to the Museum.

33. Arctic Tern.

Sterna paradisaea (Brunn.).

From Dease Lake south, through the interior of the Mainland to Okanagan Lake. Two specimens—one taken at Dease Lake by James Porter, and another shot at Okanagan Lake by A. C. Brooks, September, 1807.

HYDROCHELIDON Boie.

34. Black Tern.

Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis (Gmel.).

Not common. I observed it at Okanagan, June, 1895. Taken at Sumas and Okanagan Lake by A. C. Brooks, Burrard Inlet, Eraser River and interior of Mainland. (Fannin.)



Order TUBINARES. Tube-nosed Swimmers.

Family DIOMEDEIDAE. Albatrosses.

DIOMEDEA Linnaeus.

35. Black-footed Albatross.

Diomedea nigripes (Aud.).

West Coast of Vancouver Island. (Fannin.) Rare at Queen Charlotte Islands. (Rev. J. H. Keen.) One specimen taken near Nanaimo, June 3th, 1904.

36. Short-tailed Albatross.

Diomedea albatrus (Pall.)

In April, 1894, I found this species quite common in the Pacific Ocean, near Cape Beale.

Tolerably common on both coasts of Vancouver Island, but more abundant on the West Coast; a few have been taken in the straits off Victoria Harbour. (Fannin.)

Family PROCELLARIIDAE. Fulmars & Shearwaters.

FULMARUS Stephens.

37. Pacific Fulmar.

Fulmarus glacialis glupischa (Stejn.).

One specimen taken at Chemainus, Vancouver Island, November, 1895. (Fannin.)

PUFFINUS Brisson.

38. Black-vented Shearwater.

Puffinus opisthomelas (Coues).

Not common; four specimens taken off Albert Head, October 24th, 1891.

39. Dark-bodied Shearwater.

Puffinus griseus (Gmel.).

During the fall of 1895 Dr. C. F. Newcombe found this species common on the West Coast of Queen Charlotte Islands. Since then one was picked up dead on the beach near Victoria.

40. Slender-billed Shearwater.

Puffinus tenuirostris (Temm.).

Not common; one specimen shot at William Head and presented to the Museum by T. Kermode, February 23rd, 1904.

OCEANODROMA Reichenbach.

41. Gray Fork-tailed Petrel.

Oceanodroma furcata (Gmel.).

Found along both coasts of Vancouver Island, but more common on the Pacific Coast; a few have been taken in the Straits near Victoria. Very rare at Metlakatla; one picked up exhausted. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

42. Leach's Fork-tailed Petrel. White-rumped Petrel.

Oceanodroma leucorrhoa (Vieill.) Coues.

West Coast of Vancouver Island. Four specimens taken in Hecate Strait, July, 1904. One specimen found dead on beach off Beacon Hill, Victoria, November, 1893.



Order STEGANOPODES. Totipalmate Swimmers.

Family PHALACROCORACIDAE. Cormorants.

PHALACROCORAX Brisson.

43. White-crested Cormorant.

Phalacrocorax dilophus cincinnatus (Brandt).

Common on both coasts of Vancouver Island and coast of Mainland, from Race Rocks to Alaska.

44. Brandt's Cormorant. Pencilled Cormorant.

Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt).

Two specimens were killed in the Straits, near Victoria, by D. E. Campbell, April 19th, 1897. Later in the month another specimen was found on the beach at Beacon Hill.

45. Violet-green Cormorant.

Phalacrocorax pelagicus robustus (Ridgw.).

This is the most abundant Cormorant in the Province, and is found along both coasts of the Island, and has been taken as far north as Port Simpson. Breeds on islands close to Sidney Island. Common at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

Family PELECANIDAE. Pelicans.

PELECANUS Linnaeus.

46. American White Pelican.

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (Gmel.).

Not common. Four specimens taken—Sicamous, October, 1890; Alexandria Bridge, September, 1895; Tranquille, August, 1897; Comox, September 8th, 1900. Mr. Brooks reports it from Chilliwhack and Okanagan. Said to breed in the Chilcotin country. (Fannin.)

47. California Brown Pelican.

Pelecanus californicus (Ridgw.).

Not common. One specimen in the Museum killed at Race Rocks, January, 1897. Seen at Sumas Lake. (Brooks.)



Order ANSERES. Lamellirostral Swimmers.

Family ANATIDAE. Mergansers, Ducks, Geese and Swans.

MERGANSER Brisson.

48. American Merganser.

Merganser americanus (Cass.).

Found throughout the Province, have taken it on West Coast of Vancouver Island in May; also on Queen Charlotte Islands in July, 1895, I took four young birds. Brooks reports it found on Okanagan Lake all winter.

49. Red-breasted Merganser.

Menganser serrator (Linn.).

Found distributed throughout the Province. I saw them at Sumas Lake May 17th, 1904. Rev. J. H. Keen says common at Metlakahtla, Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks.)

LOPHODYTES Reichenbach.

50. Hooded Merganser.

Lophodytes cucullatus (Linn.).

This species is common throughout the Province and on the Pacific Coast. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

ANAS Linnaeus.

51. Mallard.

Anas boschas (Linn.).

An abundant resident throughout the Province; breeds in suitable localities throughout its range.

CHAULELASMUS Bonaparte.

52. Gadwall. Gray Duck.

Chaulelasmus strepera (Linn.).

Not common; a few have been taken near Victoria. Mr. Brooks reports it from Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

MARECA Stephens.

53. European Widgeon.

Mareca penelope (Linn.).

Rare. Two specimens, one taken near Victoria February 9th, 1899, and another near Saanich.

54. American Widgeon. Baldpate.

Mareca americana (Gmel.).

A common winter resident on the coast. Brooks reports it from Chilliwhack and Okanagan. Breeds on lakes on Cariboo Road above Clinton. (Fannin.)

NETTION Kaup.

55. Green-winged Teal.

Nettion carolinensis (Gmel.).

An abundant resident, Breeds in the interior of the Mainland. Common on the coast throughout the winter. Rare on Queen Charlotte Islands. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

QUERQUEDULA Stephens.

56. Blue-winged Teal.

Querquedula discors (Linn.).

Not common on the coast; a few are taken every year. Taken at Chilliwhack. (Brooks.)

57. Cinnamon Teal.

Querquedula cyanoptera (Vieill.).

A summer visitor in the interior of the Province. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

SPATULA Boie.

58. Shoveller. Spoon-bill.

Spatula clypeata (Linn.).

A common resident on the Mainland, rarely met with on Vancouver Island. Brooks says common resident in Lower Fraser Valley about Sumas Lake, has also taken it on Okanagan.

DAFILA Stephens.

59. Pintail. Sprigtail.

Dafila acuta (Linn.).

An abundant winter resident on the coast. Breeds in the interior of the Mainland.

AIX Boie.

60. Wood Duck.

Aix spona (Linn.).

Not common. A summer resident on Island and Mainland. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

AYTHYA Boie.

61. Red-head. Pochard.

Aythya americana (Eyt.).

A winter resident on the coast, but nowhere common; a few are taken every season. Fannin found it breeding on the lakes along the Cariboo Road.

62. Canvas-back Duck.

Aythya vallisneria (Wils.).

A winter resident on the coast. Brooks has taken it on Okanagan Lake. I found them in pairs on the lakes near 108-Mile House, Cariboo Road, in April and May, 1891, where I was told they breed. (Fannin).

63. American Scaup Duck. Blue-bill.

Aythya marila (Linn.).

An abundant winter resident on the coast. Breeds in the interior of Mainland.

64. Lesser Scaup Duck.

Aythya affinis (Eyt.).

Not common on the coast. Fannin has taken it in May near Ashcroft, and Brooks has seen it all winter at Okanagan.

65. Ring-necked Duck.

Aythya collaris (Donov.).

Not common. A few have been taken on Vancouver Island. Mr. Brooks says common in Lower Fraser Valley, and is found all winter on Okanagan Lake.

CLANGULA Leach.

66. American Golden-eye. Whistler.

Clangula clangula americana (Faxon.)

A common winter resident on the coast. Fannin says breeds in interior. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

67. Barrow's Golden-eye.

Clangula islandica (Gmel.).

Not common. It winters on the coast; a few have been taken on Vancouver Island. Brooks has taken it at Okanagan. Fannin found it plentiful on the lakes along the Cariboo Road, May, 1891.

CHARITONETTA Stejneger.

68. Buffle-head. Butter-ball.

Charitonetta albeola (Linn.).

An abundant winter resident on the coast. Breeds in the interior of the Mainland. Common at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

HARELDA Stephens.

69. Long-tailed Duck. Old Squaw.

Harelda hyemalis (Linn.).

Common; the coasts of Vancouver Island and Mainland. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack. Rev. J. H. Keen reports it common at Metlakatla.

HISTRIONICUS Lesson.

70. Harlequin Duck.

Histrionicus histrionicus (Linn.).

A common resident on the coast. I found it breeding at Bear River, Vancouver Island, May, 1894. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack. Rare at Queen Charlotte Islands. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

OIDEMIA Fleming.

71. American Black Scoter.

Oidemia americana (Swains.).

Not common; has been taken at Victoria and Port Simpson. Fannin saw a small flock on a lake near 108-Mile House, Cariboo Road, 10th May, 1891. Fairly common at Matlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

72. White-winged Scoter.

Oidemia deglandi (Bonap.).

An abundant resident, and is found on the coast throughout the year. Brooks reports it from Chilliwhack and Okanagan. Rev. J. H. Keen says is common at Metlakatla.

73. Surf Scoter. Sea Coot.

Oidemia perspicillata (Linn.).

Abundant resident along the coasts of Vancouver Island and Mainland. Found at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks.) Common at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

ERISMATURA Bonaparte.

74. Ruddy Duck.

Erismatura jamaicensis (Gmel.).

Not common on the Coast; a few are taken in the winter. Fannin found it breeding in the lakes along the Cariboo Road, May, 1891. Brooks has seen it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

CHEN Boie.

75. Lesser Snow Goose.

Chen hyperborea (Pall.).

A winter resident on the Coast. Brooks has seen it at Chilliwhack. During some winters large numbers congregate off the mouth of Fraser River. (Fannin.)

76. Ross's Snow Goose.

Chen rossii (Cassin.).

This is a rare bird in B. C. One specimen taken at Comox, January, 1894; another was taken at Kuper Island, April, 1895.

ANSER Brisson.

77. American White-fronted Goose.

Anser albifrons gambeli (Hartl.).

Abundant on the Coast in winter. Breeds both on Island and Mainland. The young have been taken on Cowichan Lake. (Fannin.) Brooks has taken it at Sumas and Okanagan Lakes. Common at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

BRANTA Scopoli.

78. Canada Goose.

Branta canadensis (Linn.).

An abundant winter resident on the Coast. Breeds in the interior of the Mainland; the eggs have been taken at Penticton by C. DeBlois Green.

79. Hutchin's Goose.

Branta canadensis hutchinsii (Rich.).

Abundant in the spring and fall migrations, and winters on the Coast.

80. White-cheeked Goose.

Branta canadensis occidentalis (Baird).

Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

81. Cackling Goose.

Branta canadensis minima (Ridgw.).

Winter resident on the Coast; has been taken at Elk Lake, near Victoria. Brooks reports it from Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

82. Brant.

Branta bernicla glaucogastra (Brehm.).

Two specimens shot at Comox by A. C. Brooks, January 10th, 1904.

83. Black Brant.

Branta nigricans (Lawr.).

An abundant winter resident on the Coast. In April, 1894. I saw them in great numbers off Barkley Sound migrating north.

PHILACTE.

84. Emperor Goose.

Philacate canagica (Sevast.).

One specimen shot at Chemainus, December, 1894.

OLOR Wagler.

85. Whistling Swan.

Olor columbianus (Ord.).

A winter resident on Vancouver Island and southern Mainland. Mr. Brooks records it from Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

86. Trumpeter Swan.

Olor buccinator (Rich.).

I have only seen this bird at Deaso Lake, Cassiar. (Fannin.) Mr. Brooks has found it at Sumas and Okanagan.



Order HERODIONES. Herons, Ibises, etc.

Family IBIDIDAE. Ibises.

PLEGADIS Kaup.

87. White-faced Glossy Ibis.

Plegadis guarauna (Linn.).

Only two specimens known to be taken in the Province, one on Salt Spring Island, the other at mouth of Fraser River. Check List of B. C. Birds, 1891. (Fannin.)

Family ARDEIDAE. Herons and Bitterns.

BOTAURUS Hermann.

88. American Bittern.

Botaurus lentiginosus (Montag.).

Common throughout the greater portion of the Province. Breeds both east and west of Cascades.

ARDEA Linnaeus.

89. Great Blue Heron.

Ardea herodias (Linn.).

A common resident on the coast, and is quite common at Sumas Lake and Okanagan. Breeds throughout its range.

90. Northwest Coast Heron.

Ardea herodias fannini (Chapman).

In August, 1895, I found this form, now named after the late John Fannin by Frank M. Chapman, quite common at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands.

EGRETTA Forester.

91. Snowy Heron.

Egretta candidissima (Gmel.).

Rare in British Columbia. Two specimens collected at Burrard Inlet, May, 1879. (Fannin.) One specimen is in the Museum.



Order PALUDICOLAE. Cranes, Rails, etc.

Family GRUIDAE. Cranes.

GRUS Pallas.

92. Little Brown Crane.

Grus canadensis (Linn.).

Common, during migrations, throughout the Province.

93. Sandhill Crane.

Grus mexicana (Mull.).

Common throughout the Province; it breeds in the interior of Mainland; numbers pass over Victoria in the spring and autumn migrations.

Family RALLIDAE. Rails and Coots.

RALLUS Linnaeus.

94. Virginia Rail.

Rallus virginianus (Linn.).

Tolerably common on Island and Mainland; breeds close to Victoria. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

PORZANA Vieillot.

95. Carolina Rail. Sora.

Porzana Carolina (Linn.).

Found on Vancouver Island and Mainland. Rev. J. H. Keen reports it very rare on Queen Charlotte Islands. Common east of Cascades. (Fannin.)

FULICA Linnaeus.

96. American Coot. Mud-hen.

Fulica americana (Gmel.).

A common resident on Island and Mainland; breeds throughout its range.



Order LIMICIOLAE. Shore Birds.

Family PHALAROPODIDAE. Phalaropes.

CRYMOPHILUS Vieillot.

97. Red Phalarope.

Crymophilus fulicarius (Linn.).

Taken at Clover Point, near Victoria, during migration.

PHALAROPUS Brisson.

98. Northern Phalarope.

Phalaropus lobatus (Linn.).

Abundant along the coast of Island and Mainland in the spring and autumn. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. Fannin has taken it at Burrard Inlet in July.

STEGANOPUS. Vieillot.

99. Wilson's Phalarope.

Steganopus tricolor (Vieill.).

Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

Family SCOLOPACIDAE. Snipes, Sand-pipers, Etc.

GALLINAGO Leach.

100. Wilson's Snipe.

Gallinago delicata (Ord.)

Common throughout the Province on Island and Mainland; breeds in the interior. Rev. J. H. Keen reports it common at Metlakatla.

MACRORHAMPHUS Leach.

101. Long-billed Dowitcher. Red-breasted Snipe.

Macrorhamphus scolopaceus (Say.).

Tolerably abundant throughout the Province. I found it quite common at Clayoquot, West Coast Vancouver Island, in May, 1894. Fannin says breeds in the interior. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack. Fairly common at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

MICROPALAMA Baird.

102. STILT SANDPIPER.

Micropalama himantopus (Bonap.).

Taken at Chilliwhack, August 19th, 1899, by A. C. Brooks.

TRINGA Linnaeus.

103. KNOT. ROBIN SNIPE.

Tringa canutus (Linn.).

Abundant during migrations, chiefly along the coast. (Fannin.) Taken at Chilliwhack. (Brooks.)

ACTODROMAS Kaup.

104. SHARP-TAILED SANDPIPER.

Actodromas acuminata (Horsf.).

Two specimens taken at Massett, Queen Charlotte Islands, December 27th, 1897, by Rev. J. H. Keen.

105. PECTORAL SANDPIPER.

Actodromas maculata (Vieill.).

Not common; taken along the coast during migrations. Brooks has taken it at Chillihwack and Okanagan.

106. BAIRD'S SANDPIPER.

Actodromas bairdii (Coues.).

Distributed along the coast of Island and Mainland, Rev. J. H. Keen reports it rare at Metlakatla. Taken at Chilliwhack and Okanagan (Brooks); and at Clover Point, Victoria (E. M. Anderson).

107. LEAST SANDPIPER.

Actodromas minutilla (Vieill.).

Common along the coast of Island and Mainland. I found it common at Clayoquot in May, 1894; I have also taken it near Victoria in July. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. Fannin has taken it at 108-Mile House, Cariboo Road, in May.

PELIDNA Cuvier.

108. RED-BACKED SANDPIPER.

Pelidna alpina sakhalina (Vieillot).

Common in the spring and autumn migration along the coast of Island and Mainland. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack.

EREUNETES Illiger.

109. SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER.

Ereunetes pusillus (Linn.).

Not uncommon in migration along the Coast. Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks.) Common at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

110. WESTERN SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER.

Ereunetes pusillus occidenlcdis (Lawr.).

Abundant in the fall along the Coast. I also found it very common at Clayoquot, May, 1894, and have taken it near Victoria in July. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack.

CALIDRIS Cuvier.

111. SANDERLING.

Calidris arenaria (Linn.).

Not common; several have been taken near Victoria by A. H. Maynard. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack. Fairly common at Metlakatla. (Rev J. H. Keen.)

LIMOSA Brisson.

112. MARBLED GODWIT.

Limosa fedoa (Linn.).

The whole of British Columbia; breeds chiefy east of Cascades. (Fannin.) Port Simpson. (W. B. Anderson.)

TOTANUS Bechstein.

113. GREATER YELLOW-LEGS.

Totanus melanoleucus (Gmel.).

Common along the coast in winter; have taken it at Clayoquot in May. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. I found it breeding around the lakes at Clinton, May, 1891. (Fannin.)

114. LESSER YELLOW-LEGS.

Totanus flavipes (Gmel.).

Tolerably common through the Province; winters on the coast. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

HELODROMAS Kaup.

115. SOLITARY SANDPIPER.

Helodromas solitarius (Wils.).

Found throughout the Province. Taken at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks).

116. WESTERN SOLITARY SANDPIPER.

Helodromas solitarius cinnamomeus (Brewster).

Taken at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks).

SYMPHEMIA Rafinesque.

117. WESTERN WILLET.

Symphemia semipalmata inornata (Brewster).

One specimen shot at Clover Point, near Victoria, August 18th, 1898, by Mr. J. Henley.

HETERACTITIS Stejneger.

118. WANDERING TATLER.

Heteractitis incanus (Gmel.).

Tolerably common along the coast of Island and Mainland. I took it at Clayoquot, May, 1894, and at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, August 5th, 1895.

BARTRAMIA Lesson.

119. BARTRAMIAN SANDPIPER.

Bartramia longicauda (Bechst.).

One specimen shot at Comox, August 20th, 1895, by W. B. Anderson. Another was taken at l50-Mile House, Cariboo Road, May 16th, 1901, by A. C. Brooks.

TRYNGITES Cabanis.

120. BUFF-BREASTED SANDPIPER.

Tryngites subruficollis (Vieill.).

Not common. Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

ACTITIS Illiger.

121. SPOTTED SANDPIPER.

Actitis macularia (Linn.).

This bird is found along the entire coast; I have taken it at Clayoquot Vancouver Island, and at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, July 26th, 1895. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

NUMENIUS Brisson.

122. LONG-BILLED CURLEW.

Numenius longirostris (Wils.).

A few specimens have been taken on the coast, but is to be more frequently met with in the interior of the Mainland, south through the Okanagan.

123. HUDSONIAN CURLEW.

Numenius hudsonicus (Lath.).

Not common, but distributed along the coast of Island and Mainland. I have taken it at Clayoquot in May, 1894. W. B. Andersen has taken it at Port Simpson, and J. Maynard at Cadboro Bay, near Victoria.

Family CHARADRIIDAE. Plovers, Etc.

CHARADRIUS Linnaeus.

124. BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER.

Charadrius squatarola (Linn.).

Abundant during migrations along the coast. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

125. AMERICAN GOLDEN PLOVER.

Charadrius dominicus (Mull.).

Common on the coast during migrations. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. Rev. J. H. Keen reports it common at Metlakatla. W. B. Anderson has taken it at Port Simpson.

AEGIALITIS Boie.

126. KILLDEER PLOVER.

AEgialitis vocifera (Linn.).

Found throughout the Province; occasionally on the coast in winter. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

127. SEMIPALMATED PLOVER.

AEgialitis semipalmata (Bonap.).

Not common. I took two specimens on the West Coast, Vancouver Island—one at Ucluelet, April 28th, 1894, the other at Clayoquot, May, 1894. A. H. Maynard shot one at Cadboro Bay, Victoria.

Family APHRIZIDAE. Surf-birds and Turnstones.

APHRIZA Audubon.

128. SURF-BIRD.

Aphriza virgata (Gmel.).

Not uncommon along the entire coast line of the Province. I found it quite common at Clayoquot, May, 1894. It has been taken at Port Simpson by W. B. Anderson.

ARENARIA Brisson.

129. TURNSTONE.

Arenaria interpres (Linn.).

Along the entire coast line, but not common. It has been taken at Port Simpson and Sidney Island. Brooks has taken it at Sumas Lake.

130. BLACK TURNSTONE.

Arenaria melanocephala (Vig.).

Common along the entire coast of the Province. I have taken it at Clayquot in May, 1894, and I found it very common at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, in July, 1895, and it is found near Victoria throughout the winter.

Family HAEMATOPODIDAE. Oyster-Catchers.

HAEMATOPUS Linnaeus.

131. BLACK OYSTER-CATCHER.

Haematopus bachmani (Aud.).

Abundant along the entire coast of Island and Mainland. Breeds throughout its range. Common on Queen Charlotte Islands, at Skidegate.



Order GALLINAE. Gallinaceous Birds.

Family TETRAONIDAE. Grouse, Partridges, Etc.

OREORTYX Baird.

132. MOUNTAIN PARTRIDGE.

Oreortyx pictus (Dougl.).

Common on Vancouver Island. Introduced from California.

LOPHORTYX Bonaparte.

133. CALIFORNIA PARTRIDGE.

Lophortyx californicus (Shaw.).

Common on Vancouver Island. Introduced from California.

DENDRAGAPUS Elliot.

134. SOOTY GROUSE.

Dendragapus obscurus fuliginosus (Ridgw.).

Abundant west of Cascade Mountains, including Vancouver Island, Queen Charlotte Islands, and all the larger islands along the coast.

135. RICHARDSON'S GROUSE.

Dendragapus obscurus richardsonii (Dougl.).

An abundant resident east of Cascade Mountains to Rocky Mountains.

CANACHITES Stejneger.

136. FRANKLIN'S GROUSE.

Canachites franklinii (Dougl.).

An abundant resident throughout the wooded portion of the interior east of the Cascade Mountains, from Okanagan to Cassiar.

BONASA Stephens.

137. CANADIAN RUFFED GROUSE.

Bonasa umbellus togata (Linn.).

An abundant resident east of and including the Cascade Mountains. Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

138. GRAY RUFFED GROUSE.

Bonasa umbellus umbelloides (Dougl.).

Rocky Mountain District, Soda Creek and Beaver Pass. Check List of B. C. Birds, 1898. (Fannin.) Okanagan, A. C. Brooks.

139. OREGON RUFFED GROUSE.

Bonasa umbellus sabini (Dougl.).

An abundant resident on Vancouver Island and all the larger islands of the coast, and on the Mainland west of Cascade Mountains.

LAGOPUS Brisson.

140. WILLOW PTARMIGAN.

Lagopus lagopus (Linn.).

Northern portion of British Columbia, Dease Lake, Cassiar. (James Porter.) Log Cabin, Atlin. (Fletcher and Englehardt.).

141. ROCK PTARMIGAN.

Lagopus rupestris (Gmel.).

Common on the summit of most of the mountains on the Mainland and Vancouver Island. (Fannin.) Quite common at Atlin.

142. WHITE-TAILED PTARMIGAN.

Lagopus leucurus (Swains. & Rich.).

Found on the summit of most mountains on the Mainland except the Coast Range. Taken at Okanagan. (Brooks.) Cassiar. (James Porter.)

PEDIOECETES Baird.

143. COLUMBIAN SHARP-TAILED GROUSE. PRAIRIE CHICKEN.

Pedioecetes phasianellus columbianus (Ord.).

An abundant resident east of Cascade Range through the southern portions of the Province. E. P. Venables reports it common near Vernon.

CENTROCERCUS Swainson.

144. SAGE GROUSE.

Centrocercus urophasianus (Bonap.).

Three specimens taken by Mr. G. B. Martin at Osoyoos Lake in October, 1864. (Check List of B. C. Birds, 1891. Fannin.)

Family PHASIANIDAE. Pheasants.

PHASIANUS Linnaeus.

145. RING-NECKED PHEASANT.

Phasianus torquatus (Linn.).

Abundant on Vancouver Island and in the Lower Fraser River Valley and other portions of the Mainland. Introduced from China; now thoroughly naturalised.



Order COLUMBAE. Pigeons.

Family COLUMBIDAE. Pigeons.

COLUMBA Linnaeus.

146. BAND-TAILED PIGEON.

Columba fasciata (Say.).

A common summer resident in the south-western portions of the Province including Vancouver Island.

ECTOPISTES Swainson.

147. PASSENGER PIGEON.

Ectopistes migratorius (Linn.).

Mentioned in John Keast Lord's "Naturalist in British Columbia" (1866). If it ever did occur here, it is now, without doubt, extinct. (Fannin.)

ZENAIDURA Bonaparte.

148. MOURNING DOVE.

Zenaidura macroura (Linn.).

Not common on Vancouver Island. I found it quite common in the Okanagan in June, 1895. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack. Rev. J. H. Keen reports it rare at Metlakatla.



Order RAPTORES. Birds of Prey.

Family CATHARTIDAE. American Vultures.

GYMNOGYPS Lesson.

149. CALIFORNIA VULTURE.

Gymnogyps californianus (Shaw.).

In September, 1880, I saw two of these birds at Burrard Inlet. It is more than probable they are accidental visitants here. Lord says: Mouth of Fraser River; seldom visits the Interior. (Fannin.)

CATHARTES Illeger.

150. TURKEY VULTURE.

Cathartes aura (Linn.).

Tolerably common on Vancouver Island and portions of the Mainland. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

Family FALCONIDAE. Falcons, Hawks, Eagles, etc.

CIRCUS Lacepede.

151. MARSH HAWK.

Circus hudsonius (Linn.).

Common on Vancouver Island and Mainland. Abundant on the Mainland. Partially migratory; a few are found throughout the winter at Ladners. (Fannin.) Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks.)

ACCIPITER Brisson.

152. SHARP-SHINNED HAWK.

Accipiter velox (Wils.).

Abundant on Vancouver Island and portions of the Mainland. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

153. COOPER'S HAWK.

Accipiter cooperii (Bonap.).

Found on Vancouver Island and Mainland; have taken it at Sicamous. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

154. AMERICAN GOSHAWK.

Accipiter atricapillus (Wils.).

Rather common in interior of Province. A few have been taken on Vancouver Island. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

155. WESTERN GOSHAWK.

Accipiter atricapillus striatulus (Ridgw.).

Common throughout the Province. I found it very common at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, in August, 1895.

BUTEO Cuvier.

156. WESTERN RED-TAILED HAWK.

Buteo borealis calurus (Cass.).

An abundant resident on Vancouver Island and coast of Mainland. Taken at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks.) Rare at Massett, Queen Charlotte Islands. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

157. RED-BELLIED HAWK.

Buteo lineatus elegans (Cass.).

Not common. I have no record of it on Vancouver Island. It has been taken at Burrard Inlet by J. Fannin, and at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

158. SWAINSON'S HAWK.

Buteo swainsoni (Bonap.).

Not common on Vancouver Island; it has been taken at Victoria and Union. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

ARCHIBUTEO Brehm.

159. AMERICAN ROUGH-LEGGED HAWK.

Archibuteo lagopus sancti-johannis (Gmel.).

Not common. Found on both Vancouver Island and Mainland. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

AQUILA Brisson.

160. GOLDEN EAGLE.

Aquila chrysaetos (Linn.).

Found throughout the entire Province. Rare on Vancouver Island. A resident.

HALIAEETUS Savigny.

161. BALD EAGLE.

Haliaeetus leucocephalus alascanus (C. H. Townsend).

An abundant resident throughout the entire Province, on Island and Mainland. Breeds throughout its range. Common on Queen Charlotte Islands.

FALCO Linnaeus.

162. GYRFALCON.

Falco rusticolus gyrfalco (Linn.).

One specimen shot at Comox, October, 1894, by W. Harvey. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack.

163. PRAIRIE FALCON.

Falco mexicanus (Schleg.).

Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks, and at Kamloops, November, 1894, by W. Fortune.

164. DUCK HAWK.

Falco peregrinus anatum (Bonap.).

Apparently more common on the Mainland than Vancouver Island. Several have been taken in the Okanagan Country.

165. PEALE'S FALCON.

Falco peregrinus pealei (Ridgw.).

Found chiefly along the coasts of Mainland and Vancouver Island. Several specimens have been taken at Cadbora Bay, near Victoria. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack. Rare at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

166. PIGEON HAWK.

Falco columbarius (Linn.).

Apparently more common east of the Coast Range. A few have been taken on the Coast. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

167. BLACK MERLIN.

Falco columbarius suckleyi (Ridgw.).

Abundant; summer resident on Vancouver Island and portions of Mainland. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

168. RICHARDSON'S MERLIN.

Falco richardsonii (Ridgw.).

Not common on Vancouver Island; a few specimens have been taken near Victoria. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

169. DESERT SPARROW HAWK.

Falco spaverius phaloena (Lesson).

Abundant throughout the southern portion of Mainland, including Vancouver Island, from the coast to Rocky Mountains.

PANDION Savigny.

170. AMERICAN OSPREY. FISH HAWK.

Pandion halioetus carolinensis (Gmel.).

Common throughout the Province, on Mainland and Island, including Queen Charlotte Islands. Their nest is a huge heap of sticks, usually on the broken top of a tree.

Family BUBONIDAE. Horned Owls, etc.

ASIO Brisson.

171. AMERICAN LONG-EARED OWL.

Asio wilsonianus (Less.).

Not common; a few have been taken on Vancouver Island. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

172. SHORT-EARED OWL.

Asio accipitrinus (Pall.).

Common throughout the Province, on Island and Mainland; rather common near Victoria throughout the winter.

SYRNIUM Sanigny.

173. NORTHERN SPOTTED OWL.

Syrnium occidentale caurinum (Merriam).

Rare resident at Chilliwhack and Mount Lehman (Brooks.) The late John Fannin had this bird on his first list of B. C. birds, he having taken it at Burrard Inlet some years ago, but in his lists of 1891 and 1898 he dropped it.

SCOTIAPTEX Swainson.

174. GREAT GREY OWL.

Scotiaptex nebulosa (Forster).

A rare bird in this Province; it has been taken at Vernon and Stewart's Lake. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack.

CRYPTOGLAUX Richmond.

175. RICHARDSON'S OWL.

Cryptoglaux tengmalmi richardsoni (Bonaparte).

Taken at Okanagan by A. C. Brooks.

176. SAW-WHET OWL.

Cryptoglaux acadica (Gmel.).

Not common on Vancouver Island; several have been taken near this city. Tolerably at Chilliwhack and common in winter at Okanagan. (Brooks.)

176A. NORTH-WEST SAW-WHET OWL.

Cryptoglaux acadica scotaea (Osgood).

Queen Charlotte Islands.

MEGASCOPS Kaup.

177. KENNICOTT'S SCREECH OWL.

Megascops asio kennicottii (Elliot).

An abundant resident throughout the Province. Breeds in the neighbourhood of Victoria.

178. MACFARLANE'S SCREECH OWL.

Megascops asio macfarlanei (Brewst.).

Southern portion of the Province, east of Cascade Mountains.

BUBO Dumeril.

179. GREAT HORNED OWL.

Bubo virginianus (Gmel.).

Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks, and near Victoria by John Hall, November, 1896.

180. WESTERN HORNED OWL.

Bubo virginianus pallescens (Stone).

Common on Vancouver Island and Mainland. Taken at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks.)

181. ARCTIC HORNED OWL.

Bubo virginianus arcticus (Swains.).

One speciman taken near Victoria, November, 1896, by A. H. Maynard, and at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

182. DUSKY HORNED OWL.

Bubo virginianus saturatus (Ridgw.).

An abundant resident in this Province; common on Vancouver Island. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

NYCTEA Stephens.

183. SNOWY OWL.

Nyctea nyctea (Linn.).

A resident in the northern portions of the Province, south in winter to mouth of Fraser River, Chilliwhack and Okanagan, occasionally to Vancouver Island. Rev. J. H. Keen reports it rare at Metlakahtla.

SURNIA Dumeril.

184. American Hawk Owl.

Surnia ulula caparoch (Mull.).

Not common, but found throughout the southern part of the Province from the Coast to Okanagan. Rare on Vancouver Island. It has been taken at Victoria, Sardis, Grand Prairie and Vernon.

SPEOTYTO Gloger.

185. Burrowing Owl.

Speotyto cunicularia hypogaea (Bonap.).

Not common, but is found in suitable localities in the southern portions of the Province from Chilliwhack to Okanagan. Mr. Brooks has taken three specimens at Chilliwhack. Rare at Vernon. (E. P. Venables.)

GLAUCIDIUM Boie.

186. Pygmy Owl.

Glaucidium gnoma (Wagl.).

Common throughout the Province. (Fannin.)

187. California Pygmy Owl.

Glaucidium gnoma californicum (Scl.).

Common throughout the southern portions of the Province, including Vancouver Island.



Order COCCYGES. Cuckoos and Kingfishers.

Family CUCULIDAE. Cuckoos.

COCCYZUS Vieillot.

188. Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo. California Cuckoo.

Coccyzus americanus occidentalis (Ridgw.).

A regular summer resident in the southwestern portions of the Province. It breeds on Vancouver Island near Victoria. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack.

Family ALCEDINIDAE. Kingfishers.

CERYLE Boie.

189. Belted Kingfisher.

Ceryle alcyon (LINN.).

An abundant resident throughout the Province, breeds throughout its range.



Order PICI. Woodpeckers, Wrynecks, etc.

Family PICIDAE. Woodpeckers.

DRYOBATES Boie.

190. Northern Hairy Woodpecker.

Dryobates villosus leucomelas (Bodd.).

Common resident on the Mainland east of Cascade Mountains. I found it quite common at Sicamous, May, 1895. Mr. Brooks reports having taken it several times at Chilliwhack.

191. Harris's Woodpecker.

Dryobates villosus harrisii (Aud.).

A common resident west of Coast Range, including Vancouver Island.

192. Cabanis's Woodpecker.

Dryobates villosus hyloscopus (Cab.).

Rocky Mountain district. Taken at Okanagan by A. C. Brooks.

193. Queen Charlotte Woodpecker.

Dryobates villosus picoideus (Osgood).

Queen Charlotte Islands.

194. Gairdner's Woodpecker.

Dryobates pubescens gairdneri (Aud.).

A very common resident on Vancouver Island, Coast of Mainland and Lower Fraser Valley.

195. Batchelder's Woodpecker.

Dryobates pubescens homorus (Cab.).

Common throughout the interior of the Province, along the C. P. R., at Ducks, and at Vernon. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

XENOPICUS Baird.

196. White-headed Woodpecker.

Xenopicus albolarvatus (Cass.).

A rare bird in this Province, found east of the Coast Range. Museum specimen from Similkameen Valley, collected by R. V. Griffin.

PICOIDES Lacepede.

197. Black-backed Three-toed Woodpecker.

Picoides arcticus (Swains.).

Found only east of Coast Range, where in some localities it is quite common. Mr. Brooks reports it from Okanagan.

198. Alaskan Three-toed Woodpecker.

Picoides americanus fasciatus (Bird).

West of Cascade Mountains common. Rare on Vancouver Island. Brooks says common resident in the spruce zone on the Coast Range.

199. Alpine Three-toed Woodpecker.

Picoides americanus dorsalis (Baird).

Mountains east of Cascade Mountains, north to Cassiar. (Fannin.)

SPHYRAPICUS Baird.

200. Red-naped Sapsucker.

Sphyrapicus varius nuchalis (Baird).

Generally distributed east of Cascade Mountains throughout the Province. It was quite common at Duck's, May, 1895.

201. Red-breasted Sapsucker.

Sphyrapicus ruber notkensis (Suckow.).

Generally distributed along the Coast. Not uncommon on Vancouver Island. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack.

202. Williamson's Sapsucker.

Sphyrapicus thyroideus (Cass.).

Taken at Similkameen, B. C., by R. V. Griffin, June, 1882, (Check List of B. C. Birds, 1891—Fannin.)

CEOPHLOEUS Cabanis.

203. Northern Pileated Woodpecker.

Ceophloeus pileatus abieticola (Bangs.).

Common resident throughout the Province, on Vancouver Island and Mainland through the interior to Okanagan. Mr. Brooks found it scarce in the Cariboo District.

ASYNDESMUS (Wils.) Coues.

204. Lewis's Woodpecker.

Asyndesmus torquatus (Wils.).

Abundant through the interior of the Province, at Vernon and Grand Prairie. I found it quite common at Chilliwhack this year. A summer resident on Vancouver Island.

COLAPTES Swainson.

205. Northern Flicker.

Colaptes auratus luteus (Bangs.).

A rare bird of this Province, but is found on Vancouver Island and east to the Rocky Mountains.

206. Red-shafted Flicker.

Colaptes cafer collaris (Vigors).

Common east of Cascade Mountains through the interior, at Duck's, Sicamous and Okanagan.

207. North-western Flicker.

Colaptes cafer saturatior (Ridgew.).

Abundant resident west of Cascade Mountains; very common on Vancouver Island.



Order MACROCHIRES. Goatsuckers, Swifts, etc.

Family CAPRIMULGIDAE. Goatsuckers.

PHALAENOPTILUS Ridgway.

208. Poor-will.

Phalaenoptilis nuttallii (Aud.).

Southern interior portions of Province from Kamloops through the Okanagan. Summer resident.

CHORDEILES Swainson.

209. Nighthawk.

Chordeiles virginianus (Gmel.).

An abundant summer resident east of Cascade Mountains. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack.

210. Western Nighthawk.

Chordeiles virginianus henryi (Cass.).

A summer resident west of Cascade Mountains. Abundant on Vancouver Island.

Family MICROPODIDAE. Swifts.

CYPSELOIDES Streubel.

211. Black Swift.

Cypseloides niger borealis (Ridgw.).

Common near Victoria during migration. Rev. J. H. Keen says only pass over at Metlakatla. Said to breed in mountains back of Chilliwhack and in the neighbourhood of Comox. (Fannin.) Taken at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks.)

CHAETURA Stephens.

212. Vaux's Swift.

Chaetura vauxii (Towns.).

A summer resident on Vancouver Island and Mainland. I found it very common near Sicamous, May 28th, 1895.

Family TROCHILIDAE. Hummingbirds.

TROCHILUS Linnaeus.

213. Black-chinned Hummingbird.

Trochilus alexandri (Bourc. & Muls.).

Confined to the Mainland. I have never seen it on Vancouver Island. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

SELASPHORUS Swainson.

214. Red-backed Rufous Hummingbird.

Selasphorus rufus (Gmel.).

An abundant summer resident west of Cascade Mountains, including Vancouver Island. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Okanagan. Common at Metlakatla (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

215. Green-backed Rufous Hummingbird. Allen's Hummingbird.

Selasphorus alleni (Hensh.).

Eastern Cascade and Rocky Mountain districts. (Fannin.)

STELLULA Gould.

216. Calliope Hummingbird.

Stellula calliope (Gould).

East and west of Cascade Mountains. (Fannin.)



Order PASSERES. Perching Birds.

Family TYRANNIDAE. Tyrant Flycatchers.

TYRANNUS Cuvier.

217. Kingbird.

Tyrannus tyrannus (Linn.).

A common summer resident on the Mainland at Chilliwhack, Sardis, Ducks and Vernon, and has been taken as far north as Port Simpson. Rare on Vancouver Island.

218. Gray Kingbird.

Tyrannus dominicensis (Gmel.).

Accidentally in B. C. One specimen taken at Cape Beale, October 9, 1889, by Miss Cox, and presented to the Museum.

219. Arkansas Kingbird.

Tyrannus verticalis (Say).

A common summer resident on the Mainland. I have found it quite common at Chilliwhack, Ducks and Okanagan, rarely west to Vancouver Island.

SAYORNIS Bonaparte.

220. Say's Phoebe.

Sayornis saya (Bonap.).

A summer resident. Not common on Vancouver Island, chiefly on Mainland in the interior. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

CONTOPUS Cabanis.

221. Olive-sided Flycatcher.

Contopus borealis (Swains.).

A summer resident on Vancouver Island and Mainland. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

222. Western Wood Pewee.

Contopus richardsonii (Swains.).

A common summer resident on Vancouver Island and Mainland. Very common at Sicamous, May, 1895.

EMPIDONAX Cabanis.

223. Western Flycatcher.

Empidonax difficilis (Baird).

A common summer resident west of Cascade Mountains on Mainland and Vancouver Island. I also found it quite common at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, July, 1895.

224. Traill's Flycatcher.

Empidonax trailli (Aud.).

A summer resident. I have found it quite common on Vancouver Island and the Mainland at Sicamous and Vernon. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

225. Hammond's Flycatcher.

Empidonax hammondi (Xantus.).

Summer resident. Chiefly on the Mainland, east and west of Cascade Mountains. A few have been taken on Vancouver Island.

226. Wright's Flycatcher.

Empidonax wrightii (Baird).

Summer resident. Taken at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. (Brooks.)

Family ALAUDIDAE. Larks.

OTOCORIS Bonaparte.

227. Pallid Horned Lark.

Otocoris alpestris leucoloema (Coues.).

Common in spring and autumn on Vancouver Island. Have taken it at Clover Point near Victoria. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

228. Streaked Horned Lark.

Otocoris alpestris strigata (Hensh.).

Spring and autumn migrant on Vancouver Island. Have taken it near Victoria in September. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack. West of Cascades; taken at Burrard Inlet and Vancouver Island (Fannin). Fort Simpson by W. B. Anderson.

229. Dusky Horned Lark.

Otocoris alpestris merrilli (Dwight).

Chiefly east of Cascades. I have never known it to be taken on Vancouver Island. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. Chas. de B. Green has taken it at Osoyoos.

Family CORVIDAE. Crows, Jays, Magpies.

PICA Brisson.

230. American Magpie.

Pica pica hudsonica (Sab.).

A common resident on the Mainland, rarely west to Vancouver Island. Breeds in the interior of the Mainland, east of Cascade Mountains.

CYANOCITTA Strickland.

231. Steller's Jay.

Cyanocitta stelleri (Gmel.).

An abundant resident west of Coast Range on Mainland and Vancouver Island throughout the year.

232. Black-headed Jay.

Cyanocitta stelleri annectens (Baird).

This form is quite common in the interior from the Cascades east down through the Okanagan. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack.

233. Queen Charlotte Jay.

Cyanocitta stelleri carlottae (Osgood).

Queen Charlotte Islands; not uncommon at Skidegate, August, 1895.

PERISOREUS Bonaparte.

234. Rocky Mountain Jay.

Perisoreus canadensis capitalis (Ridgw.).

East of Cascade Mountains. Taken at Okanagan and in the Caribou District by A. C. Brooks.

235. Oregon Jay.

Perisoreus obscurus (Ridgw.).

An abundant resident west of Cascades, on the Mainland, but not so numerous on Vancouver Island.

236. Gray Jay.

Perisoreus obscurus griseus (Ridgw.).

California to British Columbia, east of the Coast and Cascade Ranges. (Ridgway.)

CORVUS Linnaeus.

237. Northern Raven.

Corvus corax principalis (Ridgw.).

A resident throughout the Province; more common on the Coast. I have seen it quite common at Clayoquot, V. I., and in August, 1895, it was very common at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan. Common at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

238. American Crow.

Corvus brachyrhynchos (Brehm.)

Common east of Coast Range; common at Sicamous, May, 1895. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

239. Northwest Crow.

Corvus caurinus (Baird).

An abundant resident west of Cascade Mountains, on Mainland and Vancouver Island, and fairly common at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, July, 1895.

NUCIFRAGA Brisson.

240. Clarke's Nutcracker.

Nucifraga columbiana (Wils.).

A common resident on the Mainland, chiefly east of the Coast Range. Rare on Vancouver Island.

CYANOCEPHALUS Bonaparte.

241. Blue Crow. Pinon Jay.

Cyanocephalus cyanocephalus (Wied.).

Rocky Mountain region to the Pacific Coast Ranges, but rather more southerly; north to British Columbia; south to Lower California.—"Key to N. A. Birds (Coues), Fifth Edition."

Family ICTERIDAE. Blackbirds, Orioles, Etc.

DOLICHONYX Swainson.

242. Bobolink.

Dolichonyx oryzivorus (Linn.)

East and west of Cascade Mountains. Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

MOLOTHRUS Swainson.

243. Cowbird.

Molothrus ater (Bodd.).

A summer resident. I have found it fairly common in the neighbourhood of Ducks, on C. P. R., and Okanagan. It is a rare straggler on Vancouver Island; it has been taken near Victoria. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack. Rev. J. H. Keen reports it rare at Metlakatla.

XANTHOCEPHALUS Bonaparte.

244. Yellow-headed Blackbird.

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus (Bonap.).

A rare summer resident on the Mainland. I have heard of it at Vernon. Fannin has found it above Clinton, on the Cariboo Road. Brooks has taken it at Chilliwhack.

AGELAIUS Vieillot.

245. San Diego Redwing.

Agelaius phoeniceus neutralis (Ridgw.).

Breeding range north, to eastern British Columbia. (Ridgway.) East of Cascades I found this form quite common near Vernon, June, 1895.

246. Northwestern Red-wing.

Agelaius phoeniceus caurinus (Ridgw.).

Common west of Cascades, on Mainland and Vancouver Island; it is found throughout the year near Victoria.

STURNELLA Vieillot.

247. Western Meadowlark.

Sturnella magna neglecta (Aud.).

Abundant resident on Mainland and Vancouver Island, east and west of Cascades.

ICTERUS Brisson.

248. Bullock's Oriole.

Icterus bullocki (Swains.).

A fairly common summer resident, chiefly east of Cascades. I found it breeding along the valley of the Thompson and in the Okanagan, near Vernon, May and June, 1895. Mr. Brooks has found it breeding at Chilliwhack.

EUPHAGUS Cassin.

249. Rusty Blackbird.

Euphagus carolinus (Muller).

Rare. One specimen shot at Metlakatla by Rev. J. H. Keen, November, 26th, 1901, and presented by him to the Museum.

250. Brewer's Blackbird.

Euphagus cyanocephalus (Wagler.).

Common, and generally distributed on the Mainland; quite common in the Lower Fraser Valley, Grand Prairie, south side of Thompson River, down into the Okanagan country. Breeding in suitable localities. Not common on Vancouver Island; a few have been taken near Victoria.

Family FRINGILLIDAE. Finches, Sparrows, Etc.

HESPERIPHONA Bonaparte.

251. Western Evening Grosbeak.

Hesperiphona vespertina montana (Ridgw.).

Chiefly on the Mainland. West in winter to Vancouver Island and Lower Fraser Valley. Taken at Chilliwhack and Okaiiagan by A. C. B.

PINICOLA Vieillot.

252. Alaskan Pine Grosbeak.

Pinicola enucleator alascensis (Ridgw.).

Mainland east and west of Cascade Mountains. Common in winter in the neighbourhood of Clinton. Mr. Brooks reports it from Chilliwhack and Okanagan. Rare at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.)

CARPODACUS Kaup.

253. California Purple Finch.

Carpodacus purpureus californicus (Baird).

An abundant summer resident west of Cascades. Quite a number winter on Vancouver Island.

254. Cassin's Purple Finch.

Carpodacus cassini (Baird).

East of Cascades to Rocky Mountains. Tolerably common.

LOXIA Linnaeus.

255. American Crossbill.

Loxia curvirostra minor (Brehm.).

An abundant resident throughout the Province, Island and Mainland.

256. White-winged Crossbill.

Loxia leucoptera (Gmel.).

An abundant resident chiefly on the Mainland, occasionally west to Vancouver Island.

LEUCOSTICTE Swainson.

257. Gray-crowned Leucosticte.

Leucosticte tephrocotis (Swains.).

Rocky Mountain district. In winter, occasionally west to Cascades. Mr. Brooks has taken it as far west as Chilliwhack.

258. Hepburn's Leucosticte.

Leucosticte tephrocotis littoralis (Baird).

Common on the Mainland from the Coast to Rocky Mountains. Breeds above timber line in the interior.

ACANTHIS Bechstein.

259. Hoary Redpoll.

Acanthis hornemannii exilipes (Coues.).

Mouth of Quesnelle, S. Williams. Chilliwhack, A. C. Brooks.

260. Redpoll.

Acanthis linaria (Linn.).

The Province at large, but more abundant in the Rocky Mountain district. West in winter to Vancouver Island.

ASTRAGALINUS Cabanis.

261. American Goldfinch.

Astragalinus tristis (Linn.).

Both slopes of Cascades to Rocky Mountains on the Mainland. Taken at Okanagan by A. C. Brooks.

262. Willow Goldfinch.

Astragalinus tristis salicamans (Grinnell).

Taken at Okanagan by A. C. Brooks.

SPINUS Koch.

263. Pine Siskin.

Spinus pinus (Wils.).

An abundant resident throughout the Province. Breeds throughout its range.

PASSER Brisson.

264. House Sparrow.

Passer domesticus (Linn.).

This bird has now become quite common in the cities along the Coast.

PASSERINA (Vieill).

265. Snowflake.

Passerina nivalis (Linn.).

Not common on Vancouver Island. More abundant east of Cascades on the Mainland.

CALCARIUS Bechstein.

266. Lapland Longspur.

Calcarius lapponicus (Linn.).

The Province at large, but nowhere common. It has been taken a Victoria, Chilliwhack, Burrard Inlet, Okanagan, Fort Simpson and Metlakatla.

RHYNCHOPHANES Baird.

267. McCown's Longspur.

Rhynchophanes mccownii (Lawr.).

Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

POOECETES Baird.

268. Western Vesper Sparrow.

Pooecetes gramineus confinis (Baird).

Interior portions of the Mainland east of Cascades, and in the Okanagan.

269. Oregon Vesper Sparrow.

Pooecetes gramineus affinis (Miller).

West of Cascades, including Vancouver Island.

PASSERCULUS Bonaparte.

270. Sandwich Sparrow.

Passerculus sandwichensis (Gmel.).

An abundant summer resident west of Cascades on the Mainland, including Vancouver Island. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Okanagan.

271. Western Savanna Sparrow.

Passerculus sandwichensis alaudinus (Bonaparte).

A common summer resident on the Coast, including Vancouver Island.

COTURNICULUS Bonaparte.

272. Western Grasshopper Sparrow.

Coturniculus savannarum bimaculatus (Swainson).

A summer resident in the Okanagan, near Vernon. (Brooks.)

CHONDESTES Swainson.

273. Western Lark Sparrow.

Chondestes grammacus strigatus (Swains.).

Interior southern portions of the Mainland, from Chilliwhack east through the Okanagan.

ZONOTRICHIA Swainson.

274. Harris's Sparrow.

Zonotrichia querula (Nutt.).

Cadbora Bay, near Victoria, October, 1894, A. H. Maynard; Comox, November, 1894, W. B. Anderson; Sumas (Lower Fraser), 10th January, 1895, A. C. Brooks.

275. Gambel's Sparrow.

Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii (Nutt.).

Mainland, east of Coast Range, east to Okanagan. Common.

276. Nuttall's Sparrow.

Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli (Ridgw.).

An abundant summer resident on Vancouver Island and Mainland, west of Cascades.

277. Golden-crowned Sparrow.

Zonotrichia coronata (Pallas.).

Abundant during migrations on the Coast; have also taken it at Chilliwhack and Okanagan.

SPIZELLA Bonaparte.

278. Western Tree Sparrow.

Spizella monticola ochracea (Brewst.).

Chilliwhack and Okanagan, A. C. Brooks; Victoria, A. H. Maynard.

279. Western Chipping Sparrow.

Spizella socialis arizonae (Coues.).

An abundant summer resident east and west of Cascades. Breeds in the neighbourhood of this City. Also a number remain throughout the winter.

280. Clay-coloured Sparrow.

Spizella pallida (Swains.).

Carpenter's Mountain, 150-Mile House, Cariboo, July 3rd, 1901. (Brooks.)

281. Brewer's Sparrow.

Spizella breweri (Cass.).

Eastern Cascades and Rocky Mountains districts. Similkameen, R. V. Griffin; Okanagan, A. C. Brooks.

JUNCO Wagler.

282. Slate-coloured Junco.

Junco hyemalis (Linn.).

Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

283. Oregon Junco.

Junco hyemalis oreganus (Townsend).

Abundant resident west of Cascades, including Vancouver Island.

284. Shufeldt's Junco.

Junco hyemalis shufeldti (Coale).

Breeding from interior British Columbia (Stuarts Lake) east to Rocky Mountains, south to Vancouver Island.

MELOSIPZA Baird.

285. Rusty Song Sparrow.

Melosipza cinerea morphna (Oberh.).

An abundant resident throughout the Province. Breeds on Vancouver Island and Mainland.

286. Sooty Song Sparrow.

Melosipza cinerea rufina (Bonap.).

An abundant resident, chiefly along the coast of Mainland and Vancouver Island. I found it quite common at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, August, 1895.

287. Lincoln's Sparrow.

Melosipza lincolnii (Aud.).

Not common. East and west of Cascades; a few have been taken near Victoria. Mr. Brooks has taken it at Okanagan.

288. Forbush's Sparrow.

Melosipza lincolnii striata (Brewst.).

Collected at Comox, September, 1888, by E. H. Forbush. Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

PASSERELLA Swainson.

289. Townsend's Sparrow.

Passerella iliaca unalaschcensis (Gmel.).

A common summer resident west of Cascades. A few remain throughout the winter on Vancouver Island; I have taken it in November and January.

290. Slate-coloured Sparrow.

Passerella iliaca schistacea (Baird).

Southern portions of Mainland, east of Cascades. Sicamous, J. Fannin, Okanagan, A. C. Brooks.

PIPILO Vieillot.

291. Spurred Towhee.

Pipilo maculatus megalonyx (Baird).

East of Cascades, south through the Okanagan.

292. Oregon Towhee.

Pipilo maculatus oregonus (Bell.).

An abundant resident west of Cascades. Breeds on Vancouver Island and Mainland.

ZAMELODIA Coues.

293. Black-headed Grosbeak.

Zamelodia melanocephala (Swains).

A summer resident on Vancouver Island. Taken at Chilliwhack. (Brooks.) A summer resident east and west of Cascades. (Fannin.)

CYANOSPIZA Baird.

294. Lazuli Bunting.

Cyanospiza amoena (Say.).

A summer resident chiefly east of Cascades. I have seen it at Chilliwhack and near Vernon. Rare on Vancouver Island.

Family TANAGRIDAE. Tanagers.

PIRANGA Vieillot.

295. Louisiana Tanager.

Piranga ludoviciana (Wils.).

An abundant summer resident throughout the Province. Vancouver Island and Mainland.

Family HIRUNDINIDAE. Swallows.

PROGNE Boie.

296. Purple Martin.

Progne subis (Linn.).

A common summer resident chiefly in the cities along the Coast. West of Cascades.

PETROCHELIDON Cabanis.

297. Cliff Swallow.

Petrochelidon lunifrons (Say.).

Common summer resident on the Mainland east and west of Cascades, Chilliwhack, Okanagan and Cariboo Road.

HIRUNDO Linn.

298. Barn Swallow.

Hirundo erythrogastra (Bodd).

An abundant summer resident throughout the Province, including Vancouver Island and Queen Charlotte Islands.

TACHYCINETA Cabanis.

299. White-bellied Swallow.

Tachycineta bicolor (Vieill.).

An abundant summer resident east and west of Cascades.

300. Northern Violet-green Swallow.

Tachycineta thalassina lepida (Mearns).

An abundant summer resident throughout the Province, east and west of Cascades.

RIPARIA Forester.

301. Bank Swallow.

Riparia riparia (Linn.).

An abundant summer resident, chiefly east of Cascades, north to Cariboo District. Very common from Sicamous down through the Okanagan. Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

STELGIDOPTERYX Baird.

302. Rough-winged Swallow.

Stelgidopteryx serripennis (Aud.).

A common summer resident throughout the Province. Vancouver Island and Mainland.

Family AMPELIDAE. Waxwings.

AMPELIS Linnaeus.

303. Bohemian Waxwing.

Ampelis garrulus (Linn.).

An abundant resident chiefly east of Cascades. A winter visitant to the Coast and Vancouver Island.

304. Cedar Bird.

Ampelis cedrorum (Vieill.).

A common summer resident throughout the Province. Vancouver Island and Mainland.

Family LANIIDAE. Shrikes.

LANIUS Linnaeus.

305. Northern Shrike. Butcher-bird.

Lanius borealis (Vieill.).

Not common, but found distributed throughout the Province. Found throughout the winter on the Coast.

306. White-rumped Shrike.

Lanis ludovicianus excubitorides (Swains.).

Chilliwhack, A. C. Brooks. Victoria, A. H. Maynard.

Family VIREONIDAE. Vireos.

VIREO Vieillot.

307. Red-eyed Vireo.

Vireo olivaceus (Linn.).

Distributed over the southern portions of the Province, including Vancouver Island. A summer resident. Chilliwhack and Okanagan, A. C. Brooks.

308. Western Warbling Vireo.

Vireo gilvus swainsonii (Baird).

Common summer resident, west of Rocky Mountains to Pacific. Mainland and Vancouver Island.

309. Cassin's Vireo.

Vireo solitarius cassinii (Xantus.).

A summer resident east and west of Cascades, including Vancouver Island.

310. Anthony's Vireo.

Vireo huttoni obscurus (Anthony).

A summer resident on Vancouver Island.

Family MNIOTILTIDAE. Wood Warblers.

HELMINTHOPHILA Ridgway.

311. Calaveras Warbler.

Helminthophila ruficapilla gutturalis (Ridgw.).

Rocky Mountains to Pacific. A summer resident. Common in the Okanagan. (Brooks.)

312. Orange-crowned Warbler.

Helminthophila celata (Say.).

A common summer resident east and west of Cascades.

313. Lutescent Warbler.

Helminthophila celata lutescens (Ridgw.).

An abundant summer resident, chiefly west of Cascades, along the coast of Mainland and Vancouver Island.

314. Tennessee Warbler.

Helminthophila peregrina (Wils.).

Taken at 150-Mile House, Cariboo, by A. C. Brooks.

DENDROICA Gray.

315. Alaskan Yellow Warbler.

Dendroica aestiva rubiginosa (Pallas).

An abundant summer resident throughout the Province, from Rocky Mountains to the Pacific.

316. Myrtle Warbler.

Dendroica coronata (Linn.).

An abundant summer resident on Vancouver Island and Mainland, chiefly west of Cascades. Rare at Metlakatla. (Rev. J. H. Keen.) Okanagan. (Brooks).

317. Audubon's Warbler.

Dendroica auduboni (Towns.).

An abundant summer resident throughout the Province, Vancouver Island and Mainland east to Rocky Mountains.

318. Magnolia Warbler.

Dendroica maculosa (Gmel.).

Okanagan, 1898 (Rhoads).

319. Black-throated Gray Warbler.

Dendroica nigrescens (Towns.).

Not common. A summer resident west of Cascades, but chiefly along the Coast. Taken at Chilliwhack (Brooks).

320. Townsend's Warbler.

Dendroica townsendi (Townsend.).

Not common, but found distributed throughout the Province, chiefly west of Cascades, including Vancouver Island and Queen Charlotte Islands.

321. Hermit Warbler. Western Warbler.

Dendroica occidentalis (Townsend).

A summer resident, chiefly west of Cascade Range.

SEIURUS Swainson.

322. Grinnell's Water-thrush.

Seiurus noveboracensis notabilis (Ridgw.).

Taken at Ducks, C. P. R., by Clark P. Streator, August 7th, 1889. Taken at Quesnel, August 30th, 1900, by A. C. Brooks.

GEOTHLYPIS Cabanis.

323. Macgillivray's Warbler.

Geothlypis tolmiei (Towns.).

A common summer resident throughout the Province, Vancouver Island and Mainland.

324. Western Yellow-throat.

Geothlypis trichas occidentalis (Brewst.).

A common summer resident throughout the Province.

325. Pacific Yellow-throat.

Geothlypis trichas arizela (Oberh.)

Summer resident in the southern portion of Mainland and Vancouver Island.

ICTERIA Vieillot.

326. Long-tailed Chat.

Icteria virens longicauda (Lawr.).

Summer resident in the southern portions of the Province, from Sumas east to Okanagan, south of Ashcroft.

WILSONIA Bonaparte.

327. Wilson's Warbler.

Wilsonia pusilla (Wils.).

Vancouver Island and Mainland, east and west of Cascades. S. N. Rhoads, 1892 (Fannin.)

328. Pileolated Warbler.

Wilsonia pusilla pileolata (Pall.).

A common summer resident on Vancouver Island and Mainland.

329. Golden Pileolated Warbler.

Wilsonia pusilla chryseola (Ridgw.).

A summer resident, New Westminster and Mount Lehman.

SETOPHAGA Swainson.

330. American Redstart.

Setophaga ruticilla (Linn.).

Found through the interior of the Province, from Barkerville south to Okanagan, chiefly east of, and accidentally west of, Cascades. Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

Family MOTACILLIDAE. Wagtails and Pipits.

ANTHUS Bechstein.

331. American Pipit.

Anthus pensilvanicus (Lath.).

Very abundant during migration, east and west of Cascades. Found throughout some winters on Vancouver Island.

Family CINCLIDAE. Dippers.

CINCLUS Bechstein.

332. American Dipper.

Cinclus mexicanus (Swains.).

Common throughout the Province in suitable localities.

Family TROGLODYTIDAE. Wrens.

GALEOSCOPTES Cabanis.

333. Catbird.

Galeoscoptes carolinensis (Linn.).

A common summer resident east and west of Cascades. Rare on Vancouver Island.

SALPINCTES Cabanis.

334. Rock Wren.

Salpinctes obsoletus (Say.).

Common east of Cascades, rarely west to the Coast. Chilliwhack. (Brooks.) Burrard Inlet. (Fannin.)

THRYOMANES Sclater.

335. Vigor's Wren.

Thryomanes bewickii spilurus (Vig.).

A common summer resident west of Cascades. Found throughout the winter on Vancouver Island.

TROGLODYTES Vieillot.

336. Parkman's Wren.

Troglodytes aedon parkmanii (Aud.).

A common summer resident east and west of Cascades, including Vancouver Island.

OLBIORCHILUS Oberholser.

337. Western Winter Wren.

Olbiorchilus hiemalis pacificus (Baird).

An abundant resident east and west of Cascades, including Vancouver Island.

TELMATODYTES Cabanis.

338. Tule Wren.

Telmatodytes palustris paludicola (Baird).

Abundant east of Cascades, from the lakes along the Cariboo Road, south through the Okanagan. Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

Family CERTHIIDAE. Creepers.

CERTHIA Linnaeus.

339. Rocky Mountain Creeper.

Certhia familiaris montana (Ridgw.).

Southern portion of east of Cascades. Okanagan.

340. California Creeper.

Certhia familiaris occidentalis (Ridgw.).

Common on Vancouver Island. East and west of Cascades on the Mainland.

Family SITTIDAE. Nuthatches.

SITTA Linnaeus.

341. Slender-billed Nuthatch.

Sitta carolinensis aculeata (Cass.).

Common east of Cascades, from Ashcroft south through the Okanagan. I found it quite common near Shuswap, May, 1895.

342. Red-breasted Nuthatch.

Sitta canadensis (Linn.).

Common east and west of Cascades. Found throughout the winter on Vancouver Island.

343. Pygmy Nuthatch.

Sitta pygmaea (Vig.).

East of Cascades, in the south-eastern portions of the Province. I found it fairly common at Grand Prairie, May, 1895.

Family PARIDAE. Titmice or Chickadees.

PARUS Linnaeus.

344. Long-tailed Chickadee.

Parus atricapillus septentrionalis (Harris.).

Common east of Cascades, from Cornwall's south to Okanagan.

345. Oregon Chickadee.

Parus atricapillus occidentalis (Baird.).

A common resident west of Cascades.

346. Mountain Chickadee.

Parus gambeli (Ridgw.).

East of Cascades to Rocky Mountains, and south through Okanagan.

347. Columbia Chickadee.

Parus hudsonicus columbianus (Rhoads).

East of Cascades to Rocky Mountains, from Cassiar District south to Okanagan.

348. Chestnut-backed Chickadee.

Parus rufescens (Towns.).

An abundant resident chiefly west of Cascades. Vancouver Island and Queen Charlotte Islands. Taken at Arrow Lake by A. C. Brooks.

Family CHAMAEIDAE. Wren, Tits and Bush-Tits.

PSALTRIPARUS Bonaparte.

349. Least Bush-tit.

Psaltriparus minimus (Towns.).

Rare. Taken at Sumas, November 25, 1899, by A. C. Brooks.

Family SYLVIIDAE. Warblers. Kinglets.

REGULUS Cuvier.

350. Western Golden-crowned Kinglet.

Regulus satrapa olivaceus (Baird).

Abundant throughout the Province.

351. Ruby-crowned Kinglet.

Regulus calendula (Linn.).

Abundant throughout the Province.

Family TURDIDAE. Thrushes, Solitaires and Bluebirds.

MYADESTES Swainson.

352. Townsend's Solitaire.

Myadestes townsendii (Aud.).

Not common. Found east and west of Cascades, including Vancouver Island.

HYLOCICHLA Baird.

353. Willow Thrush.

Hylocichla fuscescens salicicola (Ridgw.).

A common summer resident east of Cascades.

354. Russet-backed Thrush.

Hylocichla ustulata (Nutt.).

A common summer resident west of Cascades. Very common on Queen Charlotte Islands, July, 1895.

355. Olive-backed Thrush. Hylocichla ustulata swainsoni (Cab.).

Southern portion of Mainland east of Cascades.

356. Alaska Hermit Thrush.

Hylocichla guttata (Pallas).

West of Cascades, chiefly coastwise. Common at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, August, 1895.

357. Audubon's Hermit Thrush.

Hylocichla guttata auduboni (Baird).

Southern portions of the Province, east of Cascades to Rocky Mountains.

MERULA Leach.

358. American Robin.

Merula migratoria (Linn.).

Both forms are to be found on Vancouver Island. Taken at Chilliwhack by A. C. Brooks.

359. Western Robin.

Merula migratoria propinqua (Ridgw.).

An abundant resident throughout the Province.

IXOREUS Bonaparte.

360. Varied Thrush.

Ixoreus naevius (Gmel.).

Common throughout the Province, east and west of Cascades.

SIALIA Swainson.

361. Western Bluebird.

Sialia mexicana occidentalis (Towns.).

A common summer resident east and west of Cascades. A few winter on Vancouver Island.

362. Mountain Bluebird.

Sialia arctica (Swains.).

A summer resident east and west of Cascades, including Vancouver Island.



INDEX.

A. No. Albatross, Black-footed 35 Albatross, Short-tailed 36 Auklet, Rhinoceros 12 Auklet, Cassin's 13

B.

Bittern, American 88 Blackbird, Yellow-headed 244 Blackbird, San Diego Redwing 245 Blackbird, North-western 246 Blackbird, Rusty 249 Blackbird, Brewer's 250 Bluebird, Western 361 Bluebird, Mountain 362 Bobolink 242 Brant 82 Brant, Black 83 Bunting, Lazuli 294 Bush-tit, Least 349

C.

Catbird 333 Chat, Long-tailed 326 Chickadee, Long-tailed 344 Chickadee, Oregon 345 Chickadee, Mountain 346 Chickadee, Columbia 347 Chickadee, Chestnut-backed 348 Cormorant, White-crested 43 Cormorant, Brandt's 44 Cormorant, Violet-green 45 Cowbird 243 Coot, American 96 Crane, Little Brown 92 Crane, Sandhill 93 Creeper, Rocky Mountain 339 Creeper, California 340 Crow, American 238 Crow, Northwest 239 Crossbill, American 255 Crossbill, White-winged 256 Cuckoo, Western Yellow-billed 188 Curlew, Long-billed 122 Curlew, Hudsonian 123

D.

Dipper, American 332 Dove, Mourning 148 Dowitcher, Long-billed 101 Duck, Mallard 51 Duck, Gadwall 52 Duck, European Widgeon 53 Duck, American Widgeon 54 Duck, Green-winged Teal 55 Duck, Blue-winged Teal 56 Duck, Cinnamon Teal 57 Duck, Shoveller 58 Duck, Pintail 59 Duck, Wood 60 Duck, Red-head 61 Duck, Canvas-back 62 Duck, American Scaup 63 Duck, Lesser Scaup 64 Duck, Ring-necked 65 Duck, American Golden-eye 66 Duck, Barrow's Golden-rye 67 Duck, Buffle-head 68 Duck, Long-tailed 69 Duck, Harlequin 70 Duck, American Black Scoter 71 Duck, White-winged Scoter 72 Duck, Surf Scoter 73 Duck, Ruddy 74

E.

Eagle, Golden 160 Eagle, Bald 161

F.

Falcon, Prairie 163 Falcon, Peale's 165 Finch, California Purple 253 Finch, Cassin's Purple 254 Flycatcher, Olive-sided 221 Flycatcher, Western 223 Flycatcher, Traill's 224 Flycatcher, Hammond's 225 Flycatcher, Wright's 226 Flicker, Northern 205 Flicker, Red-shafted 206 Flicker, North-western 207 Fulmar, Pacific 37

G.

Godwit, Marbled 112 Goose, Lesser Snow 75 Goose, Ross's Snow 76 Goose, American White-fronted 77 Goose, Canada 78 Goose, Hutchin's 79 Goose, White-cheeked 80 Goose, Cackling 81 Goose, Emperor 84 Goldfinch, American 261 Goldfinch, Willow 262 Grebe, Western 1 Grebe, American Red-necked 2 Grebe, Horned 3 Grebe, American Eared 4 Grebe, Pied-billed 5 Grouse, Sooty 134 Grouse, Richardson's 135 Grouse, Franklin's 136 Grouse, Canadian Ruffed 137 Grouse, Gray Ruffed 138 Grouse, Oregon Ruffed 139 Grouse, Columbian Sharp-tailed 143 Grouse, Sage 144 Grosbeak, Western Evening 251 Grosbeak, Alaskan Pine 252 Grosbeak, Black-headed 293 Guillemot, Pigeon 16 Gull, Ivory 21 Gull, Glaucous-winged 23 Gull, Western 24 Gull, American 25 Gull, California 26 Gull, Ring-billed 27 Gull, Short-billed 28 Gull, Heermann's 29 Gull, Bonaparte's 30 Gull, Sabine's 31 Gyrfalcon 162

H.

Hawk, Marsh 151 Hawk, Sharp-shinned 152 Hawk, Cooper's 153 Hawk, American Goshawk 154 Hawk, Western Goshawk 155 Hawk, Western Red-tailed 156 Hawk, Red-bellied 157 Hawk, Swainson's 158 Hawk, American Rough-legged 159 Hawk, Duck 164 Hawk, Pigeon 166 Hawk, Desert Sparrow 169 Heron, Great Blue 89 Heron, North-west Coast 90 Heron, Snowy 91 Hummingbird, Black-chinned 213 Hummingbird, Red-backed Rufous 214 Hummingbird, Green-backed Rufous 215 Hummingbird, Calliope 216

I.

Ibis, White-faced Glossy 87

J.

Jaeger, Parasitic 19 Jaeger, Pomarine 18 Jaeger, Long-tailed 20 Jay, Steller's 231 Jay, Black-headed 232 Jay, Queen Charlotte 233 Jay, Rocky Mountain 234 Jay, Oregon 235 Jay, Gray 236 Jay, Pinon 241 Junco, Slate-colored 282 Junco, Oregon 283 Junco, Shufeldt's 284

K.

Kittiwake, Pacific 22 Kingfisher, Belted 189 Kingbird 217 Kingbird, Gray 218 Kingbird, Arkansas 219 Kinglet, Western Golden-crowned 350 Kinglet, Ruby-crowned 351 Knot 103

L.

Lark, Pallid Horned 227 Lark, Streaked Horned 228 Lark, Dusky Horned 229 Lencosticte, Gray-crowned 257 Lencosticte, Hepburn's 258 Longspur, Lapland 266 Longspur, McCown's 267 Loon, Great Northern Diver 6 Loon, Black-throated 7 Loon, Pacific 8 Loon, Red-throated 9

M.

Martin, Purple 296 Magpie, American 230 Meadowlark, Western 247 Merlin, Black 167 Merlin, Richardson's 168 Merganser, American 48 Merganser, Red-breasted 49 Merganser, Hooded 50 Murrelet, Ancient 14 Murrelet, Marbled 15 Murre, California 17

N.

Nighthawk 207 Nighthawk, Western 208 Nutcracker, Clarke's 240 Nuthatch, Slender-billed 341 Nuthatch, Red-breasted 342 Nuthatch, Pygmy 343

O.

Oriele, Bullock's 248 Osprey, American 170 Owl, American Long-eared 171 Owl, Short-eared 172 Owl, Northern Spotted 173 Owl, Great Gray 174 Owl, Richardson's 175 Owl, Saw-whet 176 Owl, North-West Saw-whet 176A Owl, Kennicott's Screech 177 Owl, Macfarlane's Screech 178 Owl, Great Horned 179 Owl, Western Horned 180 Owl, Arctic Horned 181 Owl, Dusky Horned 182 Owl, Snowy 183 Owl, American Hawk 184 Owl, Burrowing 185 Owl, Pygmy 186 Owl, California Pygmy 187 Oyster-catcher, Black 131

P.

Partridge, Mountain 132 Partridge, California 133 Pelican, American White 46 Pelican, California Brown 47 Petrel, Gray Fork-tailed 41 Petrel, Leach's 42 Pewee, Western Wood 222 Phalarope, Red 97 Phalarope, Northern 98 Phalarope, Wilson's 99 Pheasant, Ring-necked 145 Phoebe, Say's 220 Pigeon, Band-tailed 146 Pigeon, Passenger 147 Pipit, American 331 Plover, American Golden 125 Plover, Black-bellied 124 Plover, Killdeer 126 Plover, Semipalmated 127 Poor-Will 208 Ptarmigan, Willow 140 Ptarmigan, Rock 141 Ptarmigan, White-tailed 142 Puffin, Tufted 10 Puffin, Horned 11

R.

Rail, Virginia 94 Rail, Carolina 95 Raven, Northern 237 Redpoll, Hoary 259 Redpoll 260 Redstart, American 330 Robin, American 358 Robin, Western 359

S.

Sanderling 111 Sandpiper, Stilt 102 Sandpiper, Sharp-tailed 104 Sandpiper, Pectoral 105 Sandpiper, Baird's 106 Sandpiper, Least 107 Sandpiper, Red-backed 108 Sandpiper, Semipal mated 109 Sandpiper, Western Semipalmated 110 Sandpiper, Solitary 115 Sandpiper, Western Solitary 116 Sandpiper, Bartramian 119 Sandpiper, Buff-breasted 120 Sandpiper, Spotted 121 Sapsucker, Red-naped 200 Sapsucker, Red-breasted 201 Sapsucker, Williamson's 202 Shrike, Northern 305 Shrike, White-rumped 306 Shearwater, Black-vented 38 Shearwater, Dark-bodied 39 Shearwater, Slender-billed 40 Siskin, Pine 263 Snipe, Wilson's 100 Snowflake 265 Solitaire, Townsend's 352 Sparrow, House 264 Sparrow, Western Vesper 268 Sparrow, Oregon Vesper 269 Sparrow, Sandwick 270 Sparrow, Western Savanna 271 Sparrow, Western Grasshopper 272 Sparrow, Western Lark 273 Sparrow, Harris's 274 Sparrow, Gambel's 275 Sparrow, Nuttall's 276 Sparrow, Golden-crowned 277 Sparrow, Western Tree 278 Sparrow, Western Chipping 279 Sparrow, Clay-colored 280 Sparrow, Brewer's 281 Sparrow, Rusty Song 285 Sparrow, Sooty Song 286 Sparrow, Lincoln's 287 Sparrow, Forbush's 288 Sparrow, Townsend's 289 Sparrow, Slate-coloured 290 Surf-bird 128 Swan, Whistling 85 Swan, Trumpeter 86 Swallow, Cliff 297 Swallow, Barn 298 Swallow, White-bellied 299 Swallow, Northern violet-green 300 Swallow, Bank 301 Swallow, Rough-winged 302 Swift, Black 211 Swift, Vaux 212

T.

Tanager, Louisaria 295 Tatler, Wandering 118 Tern, Common 32 Tern, Arctic 33 Tern, Black 34 Thrush, Willow 353 Thrush, Russet-backed 354 Thrush, Olive-backed 355 Thrush, Alaska Hermit 356 Thrush, Audubon's 357 Thrush, Varied 360 Towhee, Spurred 291 Towhee, Oregon 292 Turnstone 129 Turnstone, Black 130

V.

Vireo, Red-eyed 307 Vireo, Western Warbling 308 Vireo, Cassin's 309 Vireo, Anthony's 310 Vulture, California 149 Vulture, Turkey 150

W.

Warbler, Calaver's 311 Warbler, Orange-crowned 312 Warbler, Lutescent 313 Warbler, Tennessee 314 Warbler, Alaskan Yellow 315 Warbler, Myrtle 316 Warbler, Audubon's 317 Warbler, Magnolia 318 Warbler, Black-throated Gray 319 Warbler, Townsend's 320 Warbler, Macgillivray's 323 Warbler, Hermit 321 Warbler, Western Yellow-throat 324 Warbler, Pacific Yellow-throat 325 Warbler, Wilson's 327 Warbler, Pileolated 328 Warbler, Golden Pileolated 329 Water-thrush, Grinnell's 322 Waxwing, Bohemian 303 Waxwing, Cedar 304 Willett, Western 117 Woodpecker, Northern Hairy 190 Woodpecker, Harris's 191 Woodpecker, Cabanis's 192 Woodpecker, Queen Charlotte 193 Woodpecker, Gairdner's 194 Woodpecker, Batchelder's 195 Woodpecker, White-headed 196 Woodpecker, Black-backed Three-toed 197 Woodpecker, Alaskan Three-toed 198 Woodpecker, Alpine Three-toed 199 Woodpecker, Northern Pileated 203 Woodpecker, Lewis's 204 Wren, Rock 334 Wren, Vigor's 335 Wren, Parkman's 336 Wren, Western Winter 337 Wren, Tule 338

Y.

Yellow-legs, Greater 113 Yellow-legs, Lesser 114

THE END

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