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History Of Friedrich II. of Prussia - Frederick The Great—Complete Table of Contents: 22 Volumes
by Thomas Carlyle
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HISTORY OF FRIEDRICH II. OF PRUSSIA

FREDERICK THE GREAT

By Thomas Carlyle

TABLE OF CONTENTS

BOOKS CHAPTERS

22 VOLUMES



In spite of the many months taken in correcting the 22 volumes, they are reposted with regret they are not better and with the realization the renovated edition is a poor representation of this great work. This reposting I consider an interim step, with the hope another volunteer will someday produce a new PG edition from new scans saved in unicode or Latin-1 with linked footnotes—a project I am unlikely to have time to accomplish.

David Widger

June 12, 2008



BOOKS BOOK I. — BIRTH AND PARENTAGE. - 1712.

BOOK II. — OF BRANDENBURG AND THE HOHENZOLLERNS. - 928-1417.

BOOK III. — THE HOHENZOLLERNS IN BRANDENBURG. - 1412-1718

BOOK IV. — FRIEDRICH'S APPRENTICESHIP, FIRST STAGE. - 1713-1728.

BOOK V. — DOUBLE-MARRIAGE PROJECT, AND WHAT ELEMENT IT FELL INTO. - 1723-1726.

BOOK VI. — DOUBLE-MARRIAGE PROJECT, AND CROWN-PRINCE, GOING ADRIFT UNDER THE STORM-WINDS. - 1727-1730.

BOOK VII. — FEARFUL SHIPWRECK OF THE DOUBLE-MARRIAGE PROJECT. - Feb.- Nov., 1730.

BOOK VIII. — CROWN-PRINCE REPRIEVED: LIFE AT CUSTRIN - Nov. 1730- February, 1732.

BOOK IX. — LAST STAGE OF FRIEDRICH'S APPRENTICESHIP: LIFE IN RUPPIN. - 1732-1736.

BOOK X. — AT REINSBERG. - 1736-1740.

BOOK XI. — FRIEDRICH TAKES THE REINS IN HAND. — June-December, 1740.

BOOK XII. — FIRST SILESIAN WAR, AWAKENING A GENERAL EUROPEAN ONE, BEGINS. — December, 1740-May, 1741.

BOOK XIII. — FIRST SILESIAN WAR, LEAVING THE GENERAL EUROPEAN ONE ABLAZE ALL ROUND, GETS ENDED. — May, 1741-July, 1742.



TABLE OF CONTENTS OF ALL CHAPTERS

BOOK I. — BIRTH AND PARENTAGE. — 1712.

Chapter I. — PROEM: FRIEDRICH'S HISTORY FROM THE DISTANCE WE ARE AT. 1. FRIEDRICH THEN, AND FRIEDRICH NOW. 2. EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 3. ENGLISH PREPOSSESSIONS. 4. ENCOURAGEMENTS, DISCOURAGEMENTS.

Chapter II. — FRIEDRICH'S BIRTH.

Chapter III. — FATHER AND MOTHER: THE HANOVERIAN CONNECTION.

Chapter IV. — FATHER'S MOTHER.

Chapter V. — KING FRIEDRICH I.



BOOK II. — OF BRANDENBURG AND THE HOHENZOLLERNS. - 928-1417.

Chapter I. — BRANNIBOR: HENRY THE FOWLER.

Chapter II. — PREUSSEN: SAINT ADALBERT.

Chapter III. — MARKGRAVES OF BRANDENBURG. END OF THE FIRST SHADOWY LINE. SECOND SHADOWY LINE. SUBSTANTIAL MARKGRAVES: GLIMPSE OF THE CONTEMPORARY KAISERS.

Chapter IV. — ALBERT THE BEAR.

Chapter V. — CONRAD OF HOHENZOLLERN; AND KAISER BARBAROSSA. CONRAD HAS BECOME BURGGRAF OF NURNBERG (A.D. 1170). OF THE HOHENZOLLERN BURGGRAVES GENERALLY.

Chapter VI. — THE TEUTSCH RITTERS OR TEUTONIC ORDER. HEAD OF TEUTSCH ORDER MOVES TO VENICE. TEUTSCH ORDER ITSELF GOES TO PREUSSEN. THE STUFF TEUTSCH RITTERS WERE MADE OF CONRAD OF THURINGEN: SAINT ELIZABETH; TOWN OF MARBURG.

Chapter VII. — MARGRAVIATE OF CULMBACH: BAIREUTH, ANSPACH. BURGGRAF FRIEDRICH III.; AND THE ANARCHY OF NINETEEN YEARS. KAISER RUDOLF AND BURGGRAF FRIEDRICH III.

Chapter VIII. — ASCANIER MARKGRAVES IN BRANDENBURG. OF BERLIN CITY. MARKGRAF OTTO IV., OR OTTO WITH THE ARROW

Chapter IX. — BURGGRAF FRIEDRICH IV. CONTESTED ELECTIONS IN THE REICH: KAISER ALBERT I.; AFTER WHOM SIX NON-HAPSBURG KAISERS. OF KAISER HENRY VII. AND THE LUXEMBURG KAISERS. HENRY'S SON JOHANN IS KING OF BOHEMIA; AND LUDWIG THE BAVARIAN, WITH A CONTESTED ELECTION, IS KAISER.

Chapter X. — BRANDENBURG LAPSES TO THE KAISER.

Chapter XI. — BAYARIAN KURFURSTS IN BRANDENBURG. A RESUSCITATED ASCANIER; THE FALSE WALDEMAR. MARGARET WITH THE POUCH-MOUTH.

Chapter XII. — BRANDENBURG IN KAISER KARL'S TIME; END OF THE BAVARIAN KURFURSTS. END OF RESUSCITATED WALDEMAR; KURFURST LUDWIG SELLS OUT. SECOND, AND THEN THIRD AND LAST, OF THE BAVARIAN KURFURSTS IN BRANDENBURG.

Chapter XIII. — LUXEMBURG KURFURSTS IN BRANDENBURG.

Chapter XIV. — BURGGRAF FRIEDRICH VI. SIGISMUND IS KURFURST OF BRANDENBURG, BUT IS KING OF HUNGARY ALSO. COUSIN JOBST HAS BRANDENBURG IN PAWN. BRANDENBURG IN THE HANDS OF THE PAWNBROKERS; RUPERT OF THE PFALZ IS KAISER. SIGISMUND, WITH A STRUGGLE, BECOMES KAISER. BRANDENBURG IS PAWNED FOR THE LAST TIME. THE SEVEN INTERCALARY OR NON-HAPSBURG KAISERS.



BOOK III. — THE HOHENZOLLERNS IN BRANDENBURG. - 1412-1718

Chapter I. — KURFURST FRIEDRICH I.

Chapter II. — MATINEES DU ROI DE PRUSSE.

Chapter III. — KURFURST FRIEDRICH II.

Chapter IV. — KURFURST ALBERT ACHILLES, AND HIS SUCCESSOR. JOHANN THE CICERO IS FOURTH KURFURST, AND LEAVES TWO NOTABLE SONS.

Chapter V. — OF THE BAIREUTH-ANSPACH BRANCH. TWO LINES IN CULMBACH OR BAIREUTH-ANSPACH: THE GERA BOND OF 1598. THE ELDER LINE OF CULMBACH: FRIEDRICH AND HIS THREE NOTABLE SONS THERE. FRIEDRICH'S SECOND SON, MARGRAF GEORGE OF ANSPACH.

Chapter VI. — HOCHMEISTER ALBERT, THIRD NOTABLE SON OF FRIEDRICH.

Chapter VII. — ALBERT ALCIBIADES.

Chapter VIII. — HISTORICAL MEANING OF THE REFORMATION.

Chapter IX. — KURFURST JOACHIM I.

Chapter X. — KURFURST JOACHIM II. JOACHIM GETS CO-INVESTMENT IN PREUSSEN. JOACHIM MAKES "HERITAGE-BROTHERHOOD" WITH THE DUKE OF LIEGNITZ.

Chapter XI. — SEVENTH KURFURST, JOHANN GEORGE.

Chapter XII. — OF ALBERT FRIEDRICH, THE SECOND DUKE OF PREUSSEN. OF DUKE ALBERT FRIEDRICH'S MARRIAGE: WHO HIS WIFE WAS, AND WHAT HER POSSIBLE DOWRY. MARGRAF GEORGE FRIEDRICH COMES TO PREUSSEN TO ADMINISTER.

Chapter XIII. — NINTH KURFURST, JOHANN SIGISMUND. HOW THE CLEVE HERITAGE DROPPED, AND MANY SPRANG TO PICK IT UP. THE KAISER'S THOUGHTS ABOUT IT, AND THE WORLD'S.

Chapter XIV. — SYMPTOMS OF A GREAT WAR COMING. FIRST SYMPTOM; DONAUWORTH, 1608. SYMPTOM THIRD: A DINNER-SCENE AT DUSSELDORF, 1613: SPANIARDS AND DUTCH SHOULDER ARMS IN CLEVE. SYMPTOM FOURTH, AND CATASTROPHE UPON THE HEELS OF IT. WHAT BECAME OF THE CLEVE-JULICH HERITAGE, AND OF THE PREUSSEN ONE.

Chapter XV. — TENTH KURFURST, GEORGE WILHELM.

Chapter XVI. — THIRTY-YEARS WAR. SECOND ACT, OR EPOCH, 1624-1629. A SECOND UNCLE PUT TO THE BAN, AND POMMERN SNATCHED AWAY. THIRD ACT, AND WHAT THE KURFURST SUFFERED IN IT.

Chapter XVII. — DUCHY OF JAGERNDORF. DUKE OF JAGERNDORF, ELECTOR'S UNCLE, IS PUT UNDER BAN.

Chapter XVIII. — FRIEDRICH WILHELM, THE GREAT KURFURST, ELEVENTH OF THE SERIES. WHAT BECAME OF POMMERN AT THE PEACE; FINAL GLANCE INTO CLEVE- JULICH. THE GREAT KURFURST'S WARS: WHAT HE ACHIEVED IN WAR AND PEACE.

Chapter XIX. — KING FRIEDRICH I. AGAIN. HOW AUSTRIA SETTLED THE SILESIAN CLAIMS. HIS REAL CHARACTER.

Chapter XX. — DEATH OF KING FRIEDRICH I. THE TWELVE HOHENZOLLERN ELECTORS. GENEALOGICAL DIAGRAM: THE TWO CULMBACH LINES.



BOOK IV. — FRIEDRICH'S APPRENTICESHIP, FIRST STAGE. - 1713-1728.

Chapter I. — CHILDHOOD: DOUBLE EDUCATIONAL ELEMENT. FIRST EDUCATIONAL ELEMENT, THE FRENCH ONE.

Chapter II. — THE GERMAN ELEMENT. OF THE DESSAUER, NOT YET "OLD."

Chapter III. — FRIEDRICH WILHELM IS KING.

Chapter IV. — HIS MAJESTY'S WAYS.

Chapter V. — FRIEDRICH WILHELM'S ONE WAR. THE DEVIL IN HARNESS: CREUTZ THE FINANCE-MINISTER.

Chapter VI. — THE LITTLE DRUMMER.

Chapter VII. — TRANSIT OF CZAR PETER.

Chapter VIII. — THE CROWN-PRINCE IS PUT TO HIS SCHOOLING.

Chapter IX. — WUSTERHAUSEN.

Chapter X. — THE HEIDELBERG PROTESTANTS. OF KUR-PFALZ KARL PHILIP: HOW HE GOT A WIFE LONG SINCE, AND DID FEATS IN THE WORLD. KARL PHILIP AND HIS HEIDELBERG PROTESTANTS. FRIEDRICH WILHELM'S METHOD;—PROVES REMEDIAL IN HEIDELBERG. PRUSSIAN MAJESTY HAS DISPLEASED THE KAISER AND THE KING OF POLAND.

Chapter XI. — ON THE CROWN-PRINCE'S PROGRESS IN HIS SCHOOLING. THE NOLTENIUS-AND-PANZENDORF DRILL-EXERCISE.

Chapter XII. — CROWN-PRINCE FALLS INTO DISFAVOR WITH PAPA.

Chapter XIII. — RESULTS OF THE CROWN-PRINCE'S SCHOOLING.



BOOK V. — DOUBLE-MARRIAGE PROJECT, AND WHAT ELEMENT IT FELL INTO. — 1723-1726.

Chapter I. — DOUBLE-MARRIAGE IS DECIDED ON. QUEEN SOPHIE DOROTHEE HAS TAKEN TIME BY THE FORELOCK. PRINCESS AMELIA COMES INTO THE WORLD. FRIEDRICH WILHELM'S TEN CHILDREN.

Chapter II. — A KAISER HUNTING SHADOWS. IMPERIAL MAJESTY ON THE TREATY OF UTRECHT. IMPERIAL MAJESTY HAS GOT HAPPILY WEDDED. IMPERIAL MAJESTY AND THE TERMAGANT OF SPAIN. IMPERIAL MAJESTY'S PRAGMATIC SANCTION. THIRD SHADOW: IMPERIAL MAJESTY'S OSTEND COMPANY.

Chapter III. — THE SEVEN CRISES OR EUROPEAN TRAVAIL-THROES. CONGRESS OF CAMBRAI. CONGRESS OF CAMBRAI GETS THE FLOOR PULLED FROM UNDER IT. FRANCE AND THE BRITANNIC MAJESTY TRIM THE SHIP AGAIN: HOW FRIEDRICH WILHELM CAME INTO IT. TREATY OF HANOVER, 1725. TRAVAIL-THROES OF NATURE FOR BABY CARLOS'S ITALIAN APANAGE; SEVEN IN NUMBER.

Chapter IV. — DOUBLE-MARRIAGE TREATY CANNOT BE SIGNED.

Chapter V. — CROWN-PRINCE GOES INTO THE POTSDAM GUARDS. OF THE POTSDAM GIANTS, AS A FACT. FRIEDRICH WILHELM'S RECRUITING DIFFICULTIES. QUEEN SOPHIE'S TROUBLES: GRUMKOW WITH THE OLD DESSAUER, AND GRUMKOW WITHOUT HIM.

Chapter VI. — ORDNANCE-MASTER SECKENDORF CROSSES THE PALACE ESPLANADE.

Chapter VII. — TOBACCO-PARLIAMENT. OF GUNDLING, AND THE LITERARY MEN IN TOBACCO-PARLIAMENT.

Chapter VIII. — SECKENDORF'S RETORT TO HER MAJESTY.



BOOK VI. — DOUBLE-MARRIAGE PROJECT, AND CROWN-PRINCE, GOING ADRIFT UNDER THE STORM-WINDS. — 1727-1730.

Chapter I. — FIFTH CRISIS IN THE KAISER'S SPECTRE-HUNT. CROWN-PRINCE SEEN IN DRYASDUST'S GLASS, DARKLY.

Chapter II. — DEATH OF GEORGE I. HIS PRUSSIAN MAJESTY FALLS INTO ONE OF HIS HYPOCHONDRIACAL FITS.

Chapter III. — VISIT TO DRESDEN. THE PHYSICALLY STRONG PAYS HIS COUNTER-VISIT. OF PRINCESS WHILHELMINA'S FOUR KINGS AND OTHER INEFFECTUAL SUITORS.

Chapter IV. — DOUBLE-MARRIAGE PROJECT IS NOT DEAD. CROWN-PRINCE FRIEDRICH WRITES CERTAIN LETTERS. DOUBLE-MARRIAGE PROJECT RE-EMERGES IN AN OFFICIAL SHAPE. HIS MAJESTY SLAUGHTERS 3,602 HEAD OF WILD SWINE. FALLS ILL, IN CONSEQUENCE; AND THE DOUBLE-MARRIAGE CANNOT GET FORWARD.

Chapter V. — CONGRESS OF SOISSONS, SIXTH CRISIS IN THE SPECTRE-HUNT.

Chapter VI. — IMMINENCY OF WAR OR DUEL BETWEEN THE BRITANNIC AND PRUSSIAN MAJESTIES. CAUSE FIRST: THE HANOVER JOINT-HERITAGES, WHICH ARE NOT IN A LIQUID STATE. CAUSE SECOND: THE TROUBLES OF MECKLENBURG. CAUSES THIRD AND FOURTH:—AND CAUSE FIFTH, WORTH ALL THE OTHERS. TROUBLES OF MECKLENBURG, FOR THE LAST TIME. ONE NUSSLER SETTLES THE AHLDEN HERITAGES; SENDS THE MONEY HOME IN BOXES.

Chapter VII. — A MARRIAGE: NOT THE DOUBLE-MARRIAGE: CROWN-PRINCE DEEP IN TROUBLE. CROWN-PRINCE'S DOMESTICITIES SEEN IN A FLASH OF LIGHTNING.

Chapter VIII. — CROWN-PRINCE GETTING BEYOND HIS DEPTH IN TROUBLE.

Chapter IX. — DOUBLE-MARRIAGE SHALL BE OR SHALL NOT BE. WILHELMINA TO BE MARRIED OUT OF HAND. CRISIS FIRST: ENGLAND SHALL SAY YES OR SAY NO. DUBOURGAY STRIKES A LIGHT FOR THE ENGLISH COURT. WILHELMINA TO BE MARRIED OUT OF HAND. CRISIS SECOND: ENGLAND SHALL HAVE SAID NO. WILHELMINA TO BE MARRIED OUT OF HAND. CRISIS THIRD: MAJESTY HIMSELF WILL CHOOSE, THEN. HOW FRIEDRICH PRINCE OF BAIREUTH CAME TO BE THE MAN, AFTER ALL. DOUBLE-MARRIAGE, ON THE EDGE OF SHIPWRECK, FLIES OFF A KIND OF CARRIER-PIGEON, OR NOAH'S-DOVE, TO ENGLAND, WITH CRY FOR HELP.



BOOK VII. — FEARFUL SHIPWRECK OF THE DOUBLE-MARRIAGE PROJECT. — Feb.- Nov., 1730.

Chapter I. — ENGLAND SENDS THE EXCELLENCY HOTHAM TO BERLIN. MAJESTY AND CROWN-PRINCE WITH HIM MAKE A RUN TO DRESDEN. HOW VILLA WAS RECEIVED IN ENGLAND. EXCELLENCY HOTHAM ARRIVES IN BERLIN.

Chapter II. — LANGUAGE OF BIRDS: EXCELLENCY HOTHAM PROVES UNAVAILING. A PEEP INTO THE NOSTI-GRUMKOW CORRESPONDENCE CAUGHT UP IN ST. MARY AXE. THE HOTHAM DESPATCHES. HIS MAJESTY GETS SIGHT OF THE ST.-MARY-AXE DOCUMENTS; BUT NOTHING FOLLOWS FROM IT. ST. PETER'S CHURCH IN BERLIN HAS AN ACCIDENT.

Chapter III. — CAMP OF RADEWITZ.

Chapter IV. — EXCELLENCY HOTHAM QUITS BERLIN IN HASTE.

Chapter V. — JOURNEY TO THE REICH.

Chapter VI. — JOURNEY HOMEWARDS FROM THE REICH; CATASTROPHE ON JOURNEY HOMEWARDS. CATASTROPHE ON JOURNEY HOMEWARDS.

Chapter VII. — CATASTROPHE, AND MAJESTY, ARRIVE IN BERLIN. SCENE AT BERLIN ON MAJESTY'S ARRIVAL.

Chapter VIII. — SEQUEL TO CROWN-PRINCE AND FRIENDS.

Chapter IX. — COURT-MARTIAL ON CROWN-PRINCE AND CONSORTS. CROWN-PRINCE IN CUSTRIN. SENTENCE OF COURT-MARTIAL. KATTE'S END, 6th NOVEMBER, 1780.



BOOK VIII. — CROWN-PRINCE REPRIEVED: LIFE AT CUSTRIN — November, 1730- February, 1732.

Chapter I. — CHAPLAIN MULLER WAITS ON THE CROWN-PRINCE.

Chapter II. — CROWN-PRINCE TO REPENT AND NOT PERISH. CROWN-PRINCE BEGINS A NEW COURSE.

Chapter III. — WILHELMINA IS TO WED THE PRINCE OF BAIREUTH.

Chapter IV. — CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN PREUSSEN AND ELSEWHERE. CASE OF SCHLUBHUT. CASE OF THE CRIMINAL-COLLEGIUM ITSELF. SKIPPER JENKINS IN THE GULF OF FLORIDA. BABY CARLOS GETS HIS APANAGE.

Chapter V. — INTERVIEW OF MAJESTY AND CROWN-PRINCE AT CUSTRIN. GRUMKOW'S "PROTOKOLL" OF THE 15th AUGUST, 1731; OR SUMMARY OF WHAT TOOK PLACE AT CUSTRIN THAT DAY. SCHULENBURG'S THREE LETTERS TO GRUMKOW, ON VISITS TO THE CROWN-PRINCE, DURING THE CUSTRIN TIME. HIS MAJESTY'S BUILDING OPERATIONS.

Chapter VI. — WILHELMINA'S WEDDING.



BOOK IX. — LAST STAGE OF FRIEDRICH'S APPRENTICESHIP: LIFE IN RUPPIN. — 1732-1736.

Chapter I. — PRINCESS ELIZABETH CHRISTINA OF BRUNSWICK-BEVERN. WHO HIS MAJESTY'S CHOICE IS; AND WHAT THE CROWN-PRINCE THINKS OF IT. DUKE OF LORRAINE ARRIVES IN POTSDAM AND IN BERLIN. BETROTHAL OF THE CROWN-PRINCE TO THE BRUNSWICK CHARMER, NIECE OF IMPERIAL MAJESTY, MONDAY EVENING, 10th MARCH, 1732.

Chapter II. — SMALL INCIDENTS AT RUPPIN.

Chapter III. — THE SALZBURGERS.

Chapter IV. — PRUSSIAN MAJESTY VISITS THE KAISER.

Chapter V. — GHOST OF THE DOUBLE-MARRIAGE RISES; TO NO PURPOSE. SESSION OF TOBACCO-PARLIAMENT, 6th DECEMBER, 1732.

Chapter VI. — KING AUGUST MEDITATING GREAT THINGS FOR POLAND.

Chapter VII. — CROWN-PRINCE'S MARRIAGE.

Chapter VIII. — KING AUGUST DIES; AND POLAND TAKES FIRE. POLAND HAS TO FIND A NEW KING. OF THE CANDIDATES; OF THE CONDITIONS. HOW THE ELECTION WENT. POLAND ON FIRE; DANTZIG STANDS SIEGE.

Chapter IX. — KAISER'S SHADOW-HUNT HAS CAUGHT FIRE. SUBSEQUENT COURSE OF THE WAR, IN THE ITALIAN PART OF IT. COURSE OF THE WAR, IN THE GERMAN PART OF IT.

Chapter X. — CROWN-PRINCE GOES TO THE RHINE CAMPAIGN. GLIMPSE OF LIEUTENANT CHASOT, AND OF OTHER ACQUISITIONS. CROWN-PRINCE'S VISIT TO BAIREUTH ON THE WAY HOME.

Chapter XI. — IN PAPA'S SICK-ROOM; PRUSSIAN INSPECTIONS: END OF WAR.



BOOK X. — AT REINSBERG. - 1736-1740.

Chapter I. — MANSION OF REINSBERG. OF MONSIEUR JORDAN AND THE LITERARY SET.

Chapter II. — OF VOLTAIRE AND THE LITERARY CORRESPONDENCES.

Chapter III. — CROWN-PRINCE MAKES A MORNING CALL.

Chapter IV. — NEWS OF THE DAY. OF BERG AND JULICH AGAIN; AND OF LUISCIUS WITH THE ONE RAZOR.

Chapter V. — VISIT AT LOO. CROWN-PRINCE BECOMES A FREEMASON; AND IS HARANGUED BY MONSIEUR DE BIELFELD. SECKENDORF GETS LODGED IN GRATZ. THE EAR OF JENKINS RE-EMERGES.

Chapter VI. — LAST YEAR OF REINSBERG; JOURNEY TO PREUSSEN. PINE'S HORACE; AND THE ANTI-MACHIAVEL. FRIEDRICH IN PREUSSEN AGAIN; AT THE STUD OF TRAKEHNEN. A TRAGICALLY GREAT EVENT COMING ON.

Chapter VII. — LAST YEAR OF REINSBERG: TRANSIT OF BALTIMORE AND OTHER PERSONS AND THINGS. BIELFELD, WHAT HE SAW AT REINSBERG AND AROUND. TURK WAR ENDS; SPANISH WAR BEGINS. A WEDDING IN PETERSBURG.

Chapter VIII. — DEATH OF FRIEDRICH WILHELM.



BOOK XI. — FRIEDRICH TAKES THE REINS IN HAND. — June-December, 1740.

Chapter I. — PHENOMENA OF FRIEDRICH'S ACCESSION. FRIEDRICH WILL MAKE MEN HAPPY: CORN-MAGAZINES. ABOLITION OF LEGAL TORTURE. WILL HAVE PHILOSOPHERS ABOUT HIM, AND A REAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. AND EVERY ONE SHALL GET TO HEAVEN IN HIS OWN WAY. FREE PRESS, AND NEWSPAPERS THE BEST INSTRUCTORS. INTENDS TO BE PRACTICAL WITHAL, AND EVERY INCH A KING. BEHAVIOR TO HIS MOTHER; TO HIS WIFE. NO CHANGE IN HIS FATHER'S METHODS OR MINISTRIES.

Chapter II. — THE HOMAGINGS. FRIEDRICH ACCEPTS THE HOMAGES, PERSONALLY, IN THREE PLACES.

Chapter III. — FRIEDRICH MAKES AN EXCURSION, NOT OF DIRECT SORT INTO THE CLEVE COUNTRIES. FRIEDRICH STRIKES OFF TO THE LEFT, AND HAS A VIEW OF STRASBURG FOR TWO DAYS. FRIEDRICH FINDS M. DE MAUPERTUIS; NOT YET M. DE VOLTAIRE.

Chapter IV. — VOLTAIRE'S FIRST INTERVIEW WITH FRIEDRICH. PARTICULARS OF FIRST INTERVIEW, ON SEVERE SCRUTINY. WHAT VOLTAIRE THOUGHT OF THE INTERVIEW TWENTY YEARS AFTERWARDS. WHAT VOLTAIRE THOUGHT OF THE INTERVIEW AT THE TIME.

Chapter V. — AFFAIR OF HERSTAL. HOW THE HERSTALLERS HAD BEHAVED TO FRIEDRICH WILHELM. FRIEDRICH TAKES THE ROD OUT OF PICKLE. WHAT VOLTAIRE THOUGHT OF HERSTAL.

Chapter VI. — RETURNS BY HANOVER; DOES NOT CALL ON HIS ROYAL UNCLE THERE.

Chapter VII. — WITHDRAWS TO REINSBERG, HOPING A PEACEABLE WINTER. WILHELMINA'S RETURN-VISIT. UNEXPECTED NEWS AT REINSBERG.

Chapter VIII. — THE KAISER'S DEATH.

Chapter IX. — RESOLUTION FORMED AT REINSBERG IN CONSEQUENCE. MYSTERY IN BERLIN, FOR SEVEN WEEKS, WHILE THE PREPARATIONS GO ON; VOLTAIRE VISITS FRIEDRICH TO DECIPHER IT, BUT CANNOT. VIEW OF FRIEDRICH BEHIND THE VEIL. EXCELLENCY BOTTA HAS AUDIENCE; THEN EXCELLENCY DICKENS, AND OTHERS: DECEMBER 6th, THE MYSTERY IS OUT. MASKED BALL, AT BERLIN, 12th-13th DECEMBER.



BOOK XII. — FIRST SILESIAN WAR, AWAKENING A GENERAL EUROPEAN ONE, BEGINS. — December, 1740-May, 1741.

Chapter I. — OF SCHLESIEN, OR SILESIA. HISTORICAL EPOCHS OF SCHLESIEN;- -AFTER THE QUADS AND MARCHMEN.

Chapter II. — FRIEDRICH MARCHES ON GLOGAU. FRIEDRICH AT CROSSEN, AND STILL IN HIS OWN TERRITORY, 14th-16th DECEMBER;—STEPS INTO SCHLESIEN. WHAT GLOGAU, AND THE GOVERNMENT AT BRESLAU, DID UPON IT. MARCH TO WEICHAU (SATURDAY, 17th, AND STAY SUNDAY THERE); TO MILKAU (MONDAY, 19th); GET TO HERRENDORF, WITHIN SIGHT OF GLOGAU, DECEMBER 22d.

Chapter III. — PROBLEM OF GLOGAU. WHAT BERLIN IS SAYING; WHAT FRIEDRICH IS THINKING. JORDAN TO THE KING SCHWERIN AT LIEGNITZ; FRIEDRICH HUSHES UP THE GLOGAU PROBLEM, AND STARTS WITH HIS BEST SPEED FOR BRESLAU.

Chapter IV. — BRESLAU UNDER SOFT PRESSURE. KING ENTERS BRESLAW; STAYS THERE, GRACIOUS AND VIGILANT, FOUR DAYS (Jan. 2d-6th, 1741).

Chapter V. — FRIEDRICH PUSHES FORWARD TOWARDS BRIEG AND NEISSE. FRIEDRICH COMES ACROSS TO OTTMACHAU; SITS THERE, IN SURVEY OF NEISSE, TILL HIS CANNON COME.

Chapter VI. — NEISSE IS BOMBARDED. BROWNE VANISHES IN A SLIGHT FLASH OF FIRE.

Chapter VII. — AT VERSAILLES, THE MOST CHRISTIAN MAJESTY CHANGES HIS SHIRT, AND BELLEISLE IS SEEN WITH PAPERS. OF BELLEISLE AND HIS PLANS.

Chapter VIII. — PHENOMENA IN PETERSBURG.

Chapter IX. — FRIEDRICH RETURNS TO SILESIA. SKIRMISH OF BAUMGARTEN, 27th FEBRUARY, 1741. ASPECTS OF BRESLAU. AUSTRIA IS STANDING TO ARMS. THE YOUNG DESSAUER CAPTURES GLOGAU (MARCH 9th); THE OLD DESSAUER, BY HIS CAMP OF GOTTIN (APRIL 2d), CHECKMATES CERTAIN DESIGNING PERSONS. FRIEDRICH TAKES THE FIELD, WITH SOME POMP; GOES INTO THE MOUNTAINS,—BUT COMES FAST BACK.

Chapter X. — BATTLE OF MOLLWITZ. OF FRIEDRICH'S DISAPPEARANCE INTO FAIRYLAND, IN THE INTERIM; AND OF MAUPERTUIS'S SIMILAR ADVENTURE.

Chapter XI. — THE BURSTING FORTH OF BEDLAMS: BELLEISLE AND THE BREAKERS OF PRAGMATIC SANCTION. WHO WAS TO BLAME FOR THE AUSTRIAN-SUCCESSION WAR? HOW BELLEISLE MADE VISIT TO TEUTSCHLAND; AND THERE WAS NO FIT HENRY THE FOWLER TO WELCOME HIM. DOWNBREAK OF PRAGMATIC SANCTION; MANNER OF THE CHIEF ARTISTS IN HANDLING THEIR COVENANTS. CONCERNING THE IMPERIAL ELECTION (Kaiserwahl) THAT IS TO BE: CANDIDATES FOR KAISERSHIP. TEUTSCHLAND TO BE CARVED INTO SOMETHING OF SYMMETRY, SHOULD THE BELLEISLE ENTERPRISES SUCCEED. BELLEISLE ON VISIT TO FRIEDRICH; SEES FRIEDRICH BESIEGE BRIEG, WITH EFFECT.

Chapter XII. — SORROWS OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY. No. 1. SNATCH OF PARLIAMENTARY ELOQUENCE BY MR. VINER (19th April, 1741). No. 2. CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORIAN ON THE PHENOMENON OF WALPOLE IN ENGLAND. No. 3. OF THE SPANISH WAR, OR THE JENKINS'S-EAR QUESTION. SUCCINCT HISTORY OF THE SPANISH WAR, WHICH BEGAN IN 1739; AND ENDED—WHEN DID IT END?

Chapter XIII. — SMALL-WAR: FIRST EMERGENCE OF ZIETHEN THE HUSSAR GENERAL INTO NOTICE.



BOOK XIII. — FIRST SILESIAN WAR, LEAVING THE GENERAL EUROPEAN ONE ABLAZE ALL ROUND, GETS ENDED. — May, 1741-July, 1742.

Chapter I. — BRITANNIC MAJESTY AS PALADIN OF THE PRAGMATIC. CUNCTATIONS, YET INCESSANT AND UBIQUITOUS ENDEAVORINGS, OF HIS BRITANNIC

Chapter II. — CAMP OF STREHLEN. EXCELLENCY HYNDFORD HAS HIS FIRST AUDIENCE (Camp of Mollwitz, May 7th); EXCELLENCY ROBINSON BUSY IN THE VIENNA HOFRATH CIRCLES, TO PRODUCE A EXCELLENCY ROBINSON HAS AUDIENCE OF FRIEDRICH (Camp of Strehlen, 7th

Chapter III. — GRAND REVIEW AT STREHLEN: NEIPPERG TAKES AIM AT BRESLAU.

Chapter IV. — FRIEDRICH TAKES THE FIELD AGAIN, INTENT ON HAVING NEISSE.

Chapter V. — KLEIN-SCHNELLENDORF: FRIEDRICH GETS NEISSE, IN A FASHION. EXCELLENCY HYNDFORD BRINGS ABOUT A MEETING AT KLEIN-SCHNELLENDORF (9th FRIEDRICH TAKES NEISSE BY SHAM SIEGE (CAPTURE NOT SHAM); GETS HOMAGED IN

Chapter VI. — NEW MAYOR OF LANDSHUT MAKES AN INSTALLATION SPEECH.

Chapter VII. — FRIEDRICH PURPOSES TO MEND THE KLEIN-SCHNELLENDORF FAILURE: FORTUNES OF THE BELLEISLE ARMAMENT. THE FRENCH SAFE IN PRAG; KAISERWAHL JUST COMING ON. BROGLIO HAS A BIVOUAC OF PISEK; KHEVENHULLER LOOKS IN UPON THE DONAU

Chapter VIII. — FRIEDRICH STARTS FOR MORAVIA, ON A NEW SCHEME HE HAS.

Chapter IX. — WILHELMINA GOES TO SEE THE GAYETIES AT FRANKFURT. WILHELMINA AT THE CORONATION. THE DUCHESS DOWAGER OF WURTEMBERG, RETURNING FROM BERLIN FAVORS US WITH

Chapter X. — FRIEDRICH DOES HIS MORAVIAN EXPEDITION WHICH PROVES A MERE IGLAU IS GOT, BUT NOT THE MAGAZINE AT IGLAU. THE SAXONS THINK IGLAU ENOUGH; THE FRENCH GO HOME. FRIEDRICH SUBMERGES THE MORAVIAN COUNTRIES; BUT CANNOT BRUNN, WHICH IS THE SAXONS HAVE NO CANNON FOR BRUNN, CANNOT AFFORD ANY; THERE IS A HIGH

Chapter XI. —NUSSLER IN NEISSE, WITH THE OLD DESSAUER AND WALRAVE. HOW NUSSLER HAPPENED TO BE IN NEISSE, MAY, 1742.

Chapter XII. — PRINCE KARL DOES COME ON.

Chapter XIII. —BATTLE OF CHOTUSITZ.

Chapter XIV. — PEACE OF BRESLAU.



BOOK XIV.—THE SURROUNDING EUROPEAN WAR DOES NOT END.—August, 1742-July, 1744.

Chapter I.—FRIEDRICH RESUMES HIS PEACEABLE PURSUITS. SETTLES THE SILESIAN BOUNDARIES, THE SILESIAN ARRANGEMENTS; WITH MANIFEST PROFIT TO SILESIA AND HIMSELF. OPENING OF THE OPERA-HOUSE AT BERLIN. FRIEDRICH TAKES THE WATERS AT AACHEN, WHERE VOLTAIRE COMES TO SEE HIM.

Chapter II.—AUSTRIAN AFFAIRS ARE ON THE MOUNTING HAND. WAR-PHENOMENA IN THE WESTERN PARTS: KING GEORGE TRIES, A SECOND TIME, TO DRAW HIS SWORD; TUGS AT IT VIOLENTLY, FOR SEVEN MONTHS (February-October, 1742). HOW DUC D'HARCOURT, ADVANCING TO REINFORCE THE ORIFLAMME, HAD TO SPLIT HIMSELF IN TWO; AND BECOME AN "ARMY OF BAVARIA," TO LITTLE EFFECT. HOW BELLEISLE, RETURNING FROM DRESDEN WITHOUT CO-OPERATION FOUND THE ATTACK HAD BEEN DONE,—IN A FATALLY REVERSE WAY. PRAG EXPECTING SIEGE. COLLOQUY WITH BROGLIO ON THAT INTERESTING POINT. PRAG BESIEGED. CONCERNING THE ITALIAN WAR WHICH SIMULTANEOUSLY WENT ON, ALL ALONG. SCENE, ROADS OF CADIZ, October, 1741: BY WHAT ASTONISHING ARTIFICE THIS ITALIAN WAR DID, AT LENGTH, GET BEGUN. OTHER SCENE, BAY OF NAPLES, 19th-20th August, 1742: KING OF TWO SICILIES (BABY CARLOS THAT WAS), HAVING BEEN ASSISTING MAMMA, IS OBLIGED TO BECOME NEUTRAL IN THE ITALIAN WAR. THE SIEGE OF PRAG CONTIMES. A GRAND SALLY THERE. MAILLEBOIS MARCHES, WITH AN "ARMY OF REDEMPTION" OR "OF MATHURINS" (WITTILY SO CALLED), TO RELIEVE PRAG; REACHES THE BOHEMIAN FRONTIER, JOINED BY THE COMTE DE SAXE; ABOVE 50,000 STRONG (August 9th-September 19th). PRINCE KARL AND THE GRAND-DUKE, HEARING OF MAILLEBOIS, GO TO MEET HIM (September 14th); AND THE SIEGE OF PRAG IS RAISED. THE MAILLEBOIS ARMY OF REDEMPTION CANNOT REDEEM AT ALL;—HAS TO STAGGER SOUTHWARD AGAIN; AND BECOMES AN "ARMY OF BAVARIA," UNDER BROGLIO. VOLTAIRE HAS BEEN ON VISIT AT AACHEN, IN THE INTERIM,—HIS THIRD VISIT TO KING FRIEDRICH. THREE LETTERS OF VOLTAIRE, DATED BRUSSELS, 10th SEPT. 1742.

Chapter III.—CARNIVAL PHENOMENA IN WAR-TIME. RETREAT FROM PRAG; ARMY OF THE ORIFLAMME, BOHEMIAN SECTION BOHEMIAN SECTION OF IT, MAKES EXIT. A GLANCE AT VIENNA, AND THEN AT BERLIN. VOLTAIRE, AT PARIS, IS MADE IMMORTAL BY A KISS. Chapter IV.—AUSTRIAN AFFAIRS MOUNT TO A DANGEROUS HEIGHT. BRITANNIC MAJESTY, WITH SWORD ACTUALLY DRAWN, HAS MARCHED MEANWHILE TO THE FRANKFURT COUNTRIES, AS "PRAGMATIC ARMY;" READY FOR BATTLE AND TREATY ALIKE. FRIEDRICH HAS OBJECTIONS TO THE PRAGMATIC ARMY; BUT IN VAIN. OF FRIEDRICH'S MANY ENDEAVORS TO QUENCH THIS WAR, BY "UNION OF INDEPENDENT GERMAN PRINCES," BY "MEDIATION OF THE REICH," AND OTHERWISE; ALL IN VAIN.

Chapter V.—BRITANNIC MAJESTY FIGHTS HIS BATTLE OF DETTINGEN; AND BECOMES SUPREME JOVE OF GERMANY, IN A MANNER.

BATTLE OF DETTINGEN. BRITANNIC MAJESTY HOLDS HIS CONFERENCES OF HANAU. HUNGARIAN MAJESTY ANSWERS, IN THE DIET, THAT FRENCH DECLARATION, "MAKE PEACE, GOOD PEOPLE; I WISH TO BE OUT OF IT!"—IN AN OMINOUS MANNER. BRITANNIC MAJESTY GOES HOME.

Chapter VI.—VOLTAIRE VISITS FRIEDRICH FOR THE FOURTH TIME. FRIEDRICH VISITS BAIREUTH: ON A PARTICULAR ERRAND;—VOLTAIRE ATTENDING, AND PRIVATELY REPORTING.

Chapter VII.—FRIEDRICH MAKES TREATY WITH FRANCE; AND SILENTLY GETS READY.

Chapter VIII.—PERFECT PEACE AT BERLIN, WAR ALL ROUND. GLANCE AT THE BELLIGERENT POWERS; BRITANNIC MAJESTY NARROWLY MISSES AN INVASION THAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN DANGEROUS THE YOUNG DUKE OF WURTEMBERG GETS A VALEDICTORY ADVICE; AND POLLNITZ A DITTO TESTIMONIAL (February 6th; April 1st, 1744). TWO CONQUESTS FOR PRUSSIA, A GASEOUS AND A SOLID: CONQUEST FIRST, BARBERINA THE DANCER. CONQUEST SECOND IS OST-FRIESLAND, OF A SOLID NATURE.



BOOK XV.—SECOND SILESIAN WAR, IMPORTANT EPISODE IN THE GENERAL EUROPEAN ONE.—15th Aug. 1744-25th Dec. 1745.

Chapter I.—PRELIMINARY: HOW THE MOMENT ARRIVED. PRINCE KARL GETS ACROSS THE RHINE (20 JUNE-2 JULY, 1744). FRIEDRICH DECIDES TO INTERVENE.

Chapter II.—FRIEDRICH MARCHES UPON PRAG, CAPTURES PRAG.

Chapter III.—FRIEDRICH, DILIGENT IN HIS BOHEMIAN CONQUESTS, UNEXPECTEDLY COMES UPON PRINCE KARL, WITH NO FRENCH ATTENDING HIM. FRIEDRICH, LEAVING SMALL GARRISON IN PRAG, RUSHES SWIFTLY UP THE MOLDAU VALLEY, UPON THE TABOR-BUDWEIS COUNTRY; TO PLEASE HIS FRENCH FRIENDS. THE FRENCH ARE LITTLE GRATEFUL FOR THE PLEASURE DONE THEM AT SUCH RUINOUS EXPENSE.

Chapter IV.—FRIEDRICH REDUCED TO STRAITS; CANNOT MAINTAIN HIS MOLDAU CONQUESTS AGAINST PRICE KARL. FRIEDRICH TRIES TO HAVE BATTLE FROM PRINCE KARL, IN THE MOLDAU COUNTRIES; CANNOT, OWING TO THE SKILL OF PRINCE KARL OR OF OLD FELDMARSCHALL TRAUN;—HAS TO RETIRE BEHIND THE SAZAWA, AND ULTIMATELY BEHIND THE ELBE, WITH MUCH LABOR IN VAIN. FRIEDRICH'S RETREAT; ESPECIALLY EINSIEDEL'S FROM PRAG.

Chapter V.—FRIEDRICH, UNDER DIFFICULTIES, PREPARES FOR A NEW CAMPAIGN. OLD DESSAUER REPELS THE SILESIAN INVASION (Winter, 1744-45). THE FRENCH FULLY INTEND TO BEHAVE BETTER NEXT SEASON TO FRIEDRICH AND THEIR GERMAN ALLIES;—BUT ARE PREVENTED BY VARIOUS ACCIDENTS (November, 1744-April, 1745; April-August, 1745). STRANGE ACCIDENT TO MARECHAL DE BELLEISLE IN THE HARZ MOUNTAINS (20th December, 1744). THE KAISER KARL VII. GETS SECURED FROM OPPRESSIONS, IN A TRAGIC WAY. FRIEDRICH PROPOSES PEACE, BUT TO NO PURPOSE.

Chapter VI.—VALORI GOES ON AN ELECTIONEERING MISSION TO DRESDEN. 1. FRIEDRICH'S POSITION TOWARDS SAXONY. 2. THERE IS A, "UNION OF WARSAW" (8th January, 1745); AND STILL MORE SPECIALLY A "TREATY OF WARSAW" (8th January-18th May, 1745). 3. VALORI'S ACCOUNT OF HIS MISSION (in compressed form). [Valori, i. 211-219.] MIDDLE-RHINE ARMY IN A STAGGERING STATE; THE BAVARIAN INTRICACY SETTLES ITSELF, THE WRONG WAY.

Chapter VII.—FRIEDRICH IN SILESIA; UNUSUALLY BUSY. KING FRIEDRICH TO PODEWILS, IN BERLIN (under various dates, March-April, 1745). FRIEDRICH TO PODEWILS (as before, April-May, 1745).

Chapter VIII.—THE MARTIAL BOY AND HIS ENGLISH versus THE LAWS OF NATURE. BATTLE OF FONTENOY (11th May, 1745).

Chapter IX.—THE AUSTRIAN-SAXON ARMY INVADES SILESIA, ACROSS THE MOUNTAINS.

Chapter X.—BATTLE OF HOHENFRIEDBERG.

Chapter XI.—CAMP OF CHLUM: FRIEDRICH CANNOT ACHIEVE PEACE. CAMP OF DIESKAU: BRITANNIC MAJESTY MAKES PEACE, FOR HIMSELF, WITH FRIEDRICH; BUT CANNOT FOR AUSTRIA OR SAXONY. SCHONBRUNN, 2d AUGUST, 1745, ROBINSON HAS AUDIENCE OF HER HUNGARIAN MAJESTY. GRAND-DUKE FRANZ IS ELECTED KAISER (13TH SEPTEMBER, 1745); FRIEDRICH, THE SEASON AND FORAGE BEING DONE, MAKES FOR SILESIA.

Chapter XII.—BATTLE OF SOHR.

Chapter XIII.—SAXONY AND AUSTRIA MAKE A SURPRISING LAST ATTEMPT. FRIEDRICH GOES OUT TO MEET HIS THREE-LEGGED MONSTER; CUTS ONE LEG OF IT IN TWO (Fight of Hennersdorf, 23d November, 1745). PRINCE KARL, CUT IN TWO, TUMBLES HOME AGAIN DOUBLE-QUICK.

Chapter XIV.—BATTLE OF KESSELSDORF.

Chapter XV.—PEACE OF DRESDEN: FRIEDRICH DOES MARCH HOME.



BOOK XVI.—THE TEN YEARS OF PEACE.—1746-1756

Chapter I.—SANS-SOUCI FRIEDRICH DECLINES THE CAREER OF CONQUERING HERO; GOES INTO LAW-REFORM; AND GETS READY A COTTAGE RESIDENCE FOR HIMSELF

Chapter II.—PEEP AT VOLTAIRE AND HIS DIVINE EMILIE (BY CANDLELIGHT) IN THE TIDE OF EVENTS VOLTAIRE AND THE DIVINE EMILIE APPEAR SUDDENLY, ONE NIGHT, AT SCEAUX WAR-PASSAGES IN 1747 MARSHAL KEITH COMES TO PRUSSIA (September, 1747)

Chapter III.—EUROPEAN WAR FALLS DONE: TREATY OF AIX-LA-CHAPELLE MARECHAL DE SAXE PAYS FRIEDRICH A VISIT. TRAGIC NEWS, THAT CONCERN US, OF VOLTAIRE AND OTHERS.

Chapter IV. COCCEJI FINISHES THE LAW-REFORM; FRIEDRICH IS PRINTING HIS POESIES

Chapter V. STRANGERS OF NOTE COME TO BERLIN, IN 1750 CANDIDATUS LINSENBARTH (QUASI "Lentil-beard") LIKEWISE VISITS BERLIN SIR JONAS HANWAY STALKS ACROSS THE SCENE, TOO; IN A PONDERING AND OBSERVING MANNER

Chapter VI.—BERLIN CARROUSEL, AND VOLTAIRE VISIBLE THERE PERPETUAL PRESIDENT MAUPERTUIS HAS A VISIT FROM ONE KONIG, OUT OF HOLLAND, CONCERNING THE INFINITELY LITTLE

Chapter VII.—M. DE VOLTAIRE HAS A PAINFUL JEW-LAWSUIT THE VOLTAIRE- HIRSCH TRANSACTION: PART I. ORIGIN OF LAWSUIT (10th November-25th December, 1750) PART II. THE LAWSUIT ITSELF (30th December, 1750-18th and 26th February, 1751)

Chapter VIII. OST-FRIESLAND AND THE SHIPPING INTERESTS FRIEDRIAH VISITS OST-FRIESLAND

Chapter IX.—SECOND ACT OF THE VOLTAIRE VISIT DETACHED FEATURES (NOT FABULOUS) OF VOLTAIRE AND HIS BERLIN-POTSDAM ENVIRONMENT IN 1751-1752 FRACTIONS OF EVENTS AND INDICATIONS, FROM VOLTAIRE HIMSELF, IN THIS TIME; MORE OR LESS ILLUMINATIVE WHEN REDUCED TO ORDER

Chapter X. DEMON NEWSWRITER, OF 1752 A DEMON NEWSWRITER GIVES AN "IDEA" OF FRIEDRICH; INTELLIGIBLE TO THE KNOWING CLASSES IN ENGLAND AND ELSEWHERE

Chapter XI. THIRD ACT AND CATASTROPHE OF THE VOLTAIRE VISIT "ANSWER FROM [VERY PRIVATELY VOLTAIRE, CALLING HIMSELF] A BERLIN ACADEMICIAN TO A PARIS ONE.

Chapter XII. OF THE AFTERPIECE, WHICH PROVED STILL MORE TRAGICAL PART I. FREDERSDORF SENDS INSTRUCTIONS; THE "OEUVRE DE POESIE" IS GOT; BUT— PART II. VOLTAIRE, IN SPITE OF HIS EFFORTS, DOES GET AWAY (June 20th-July 7th)

Chapter XIII. ROMISH-KING QUESTION; ENGLISH-PRIVATEER QUESTION

Chapter XIV. THERE IS LIKE TO BE ANOTHER WAR AHEAD

Chapter XV.—ANTI-PRUSSIAN WAR-SYMPTOMS: FRIEDRICH VISIBLE FOR A MOMENT "EXTRACTUS PROTOCOLLORUM IN INQUISITIONS-SACHEN,"—THAT IS TO SAY, EXTRACT OF PROTOCOLS IN INQUEST "CONTRA FRIEDRICH WILHELM MENZEL AND JOHANN BENJAMIN ERFURTH." FRIEDRICH IS VISIBLE, IN HOLLAND, TO THE NAKED EYE, FOR SOME MINUTES (June 23d, 1755).



Book XVII—THE SEVEN-YEARS WAR: FIRST CAMPAIGN—1756-1757.

Chapter I.—WHAT FRIEDRICH HAD READ IN THE MENZEL DOCUMENTS. HOW FRIEDRICH DISCOVERED THE MYSTERY. CONCERNING MENZEL AND WEINGARTEN.

Chapter II.—ENGLISH DIPLOMACIES ABROAD, IN PROSPECT OF A FRENCH WAR. THE TRIUMPHANT HANBURY TREATY BECOMES, ITSELF, NOTHING OR LESS;—BUT PRODUCES A FRIEDRICH TREATY, FOLLOWED BY RESULTS WHICH SURPRISE EVERYBODY. THERE HAS BEEN A COUNTER-TREATY GOING ON AT VERSAILLES IN THE INTERIM; WHICH HEREUPON STARTS OUT, AND TUMBLES THE WHOLLY ASTONISHED EUROPEAN DIPLOMACIES HEELS-OVER-HEAD.

Chapter III.—FRENCH-ENGLISH WAR BREAKS OUT. KING FRIEDRICH'S ENIGMA GETS MORE AND MORE STRINGENT.

Chapter IV.—FRIEDRICH PUTS A QUESTION AT VIENNA, TWICE OVER. THE MARCH INTO SAXONY, IN THREE COLUMNS.

Chapter V.—FRIEDRICH BLOCKADES THE SAXONS IN PIRNA COUNTRY.

Chapter VI.—BATTLE OF LOBOSITZ.

Chapter VII.—THE SAXONS GET OUT OF PIRNA ON DISMAL TERMS.

Chapter VIII.—WINTER IN DRESDEN.



BOOK XVIII.—SEVEN-YEARS WAR RISES TO A HEIGHT.—1757-1759.

Chapter I.—THE CAMPAIGN OPENS. REICH'S THUNDER, SLIGHT SURVEY OF IT; WITH QUESTION, WHITHERWARD, IF ANY-WHITHER. FRIEDRICH SUDDENLY MARCHES ON PRAG.

Chapter II.—BATTLE OF PRAG.

Chapter III.—PRAG CANNOT BE GOT AT ONCE. COLONEL MAYER WITH HIS "FREE- CORPS" PARTY MAKES A VISIT, OF DIDACTIC NATURE, TO THE REICH. OF THE SINGULAR QUASI-BEWITCHED CONDITION OF ENGLAND; AND WHAT IS TO BE HOPED FROM IT FOR THE COMMON CAUSE, IF PRAG GO AMISS. PHENOMENA OF PRAG SIEGE:—PRAG SIEGE IS INTERRUPTED.

Chapter IV.—BATTLE OF KOLIN. THE MARIA-THERESA ORDER, NEW KNIGHTHOOD FOR AUSTRIA.

Chapter V.—FRIEDRICH AT LEITMERITZ, HIS WORLD OF ENEMIES COMING ON. PRINCE AUGUST WILHELM FINDS A BAD PROBLEM AT JUNG-BUNZLAU; AND DOES IT BADLY: FRIEDRICH THEREUPON HAS TO RISE FROM LEITMERITZ, AND TAKE THE FIELD ELSEWHERE, IN BITTER HASTE AND IMPATIENCE, WITH OUTLOOKS WORSE THAN EVER.

Chapter VI.—DEATH OF WINTERFELD.

Chapter VII.—FRIEDRICH IN THURINGEN, HIS WORLD OF ENEMIES ALL COME. I. FRIEDRICH'S MARCH TO ERFURT FROM DRESDEN—(31st August-13th September, 1757). II. THE SOUBISE HILDBURGHAUSEN PEOPLE TAKE INTO THE HILLS; FRIEDRICH IN ERFURT NEIGHBORHOOD, HANGING ON, WEEK AFTER WEEK, IN AN AGONY OF INACTION (13th September-10th October). LAMENTATION-PSALMS OF FRIEDRICH. III. RUMOR OF AN INROAD ON BERLIN SUDDENLY SETS FRIEDRICH ON MARCH THITHER: INROAD TAKES EFFECT,—WITH IMPORTANT RESULTS, CHIEFLY IN A LEFT-HAND FORM. SCENE AT REGENSBURG IN THE INTERIM.



BOOK XVIII (CONTINUED)—SEVEN-YEARS WAR RISES TO A HEIGHT. 1757-1759.

Chapter VIII.—BATTLE OF ROSSBACH. CATASTROPHE OF DAUPHINESS (Saturday, 5th November, 1757).

Chapter IX.—FRIEDRICH MARCHES FOR SILESIA. FRIEDRICH'S SPEECH TO HIS GENERALS (Parchwitz, 3d December, 1757). [From

Chapter X.—BATTLE OF LEUTHEN.

Chapter XI.—WINTER IN BRESLAU: THIRD CAMPAIGN OPENS. OF THE ENGLISH SUBSIDY. FRIEDRICH, AS INDEED PITT'S PEOPLE AND OTHERS HAVE DONE, TAKES THE FIELD UNCOMMONLY EARLY: FRIEDRICH GOES UPON SCHWEIDNITZ, SCHWEIDNITZ, AS THE PREFACE TO WHATEVER HIS CAMPAIGN MAY BE.

Chapter XII.—SIEGE OF OLMUTZ.

Chapter XIII.—BATTLE OF ZORNDORF. THESEUS AND THE MINOTAUR OVER AGAIN,—THAT IS TO SAY, FRIEDRICH AT HAND-GRIPS WITH FERMOR AND HIS RUSSIANS (25TH AUGUST, 1758).

Chapter XIV.—BATTLE OF HOCHKIRCH. DAUN AND THE REICHS ARMY INVADE SAXONY, IN FRIEDRICH'S ABSENCE. FRIEDRICH INTERVENING, DAUN DRAWS BACK; INTRENCHES HIMSELF IN NEIGHBORHOOD TO DRESDEN AND PIRNA; FRIEDRICH FOLLOWING HIM. FOUR ARMIES STANDING THERE, IN DEAD-LOCK, FOR A MONTH; WITH ISSUE, A FLANK-MARCH ON THE PART OF FRIEDRICH'S ARMY, WHICH HALTS AT HOCH WHAT ACTUALLY BEFELL AT HOCHKIRCH (Saturday, 14th October, 1758). SEQUEL OF HOCHKIRCH; THE CAMPAIGN ENDS IN A WAY SURPRISING TO AN ATTENTIVE PUBLIC (22d October-20th November, 1758). FRIEDRICH MARCHES, ENIGMATICALLY, NOT ON GLOGAU, BUT ON REICHENBACH AND GORLITZ; TO DAUN'S ASTONISHMENT. FELDMARSCHALL DAUN AND THE REICHS ARMY TRY SOME SIEGE OF DRESDEN (9th-16th November).



BOOK XIX.—FRIEDRICH LIKE TO BE OVERWHELMED IN THE SEVEN-YEARS WAR.—1759- 1760.

Chapter I.—PRELIMINARIES TO A FOURTH CAMPAIGN. OF THE SMALL-WAR IN SPRING, 1759. THERE ARE FIVE DISRUPTIONS OF THAT GRAND CORDON (February- April); AND FERDINAND OF BRUNSWICK FIGHTS HIS BATTLE OF BERGEN (April 13th).

Chapter II.—GENERAL DOHNA; DICTATOR WEDELL: BATTLE OF ZULLICHAU. DICTATOR WEDELL FIGHTS HIS BATTLE (Monday, 23d July, 1759), WITHOUT SUCCESS.

Chapter III.—FRIEDRICH IN PERSON ATTEMPTS THE RUSSIAN PROBLEM; NOT WITH SUCCESS.

Chapter IV.—BATTLE OF KUNERSDORF.

Chapter V.—SAXONY WITHOUT DEFENCE: SCHMETTAU SURRENDERS DRESDEN. THE "REICHS ARMY" 80 CALLED HAS ENTERED SAXONY, UNDER FINE OMENS; DOES SOME FEATS OF SIEGING (August 7th-23d),—WITH AN EYE ON DRESDEN AS THE CROWNING ONE. AUSTRIAN REICHS ARMY DOES ITS CROWNING FEAT (August 26th- September 4th): DIARY OF WHAT IS CALLED THE "SIEGE" OF DRESDEN.

Chapter VI.—PRINCE HENRI MAKES A MARCH OF FIFTY HOURS; THE RUSSIANS CANNOT FIND LODGING IN SILESIA. DAUN, SOLTIKOF AND COMPANY AGAIN HAVE A COLLOQUY (Bautzen, September 15th); AFTER WHICH EVERYBODY STARTS ON HIS SPECIAL COURSE OF ACTION. FRIEDRICH MANAGES (September 24th-October 24th) TO GET THE RUSSIANS SENT HOME; AND HIMSELF FALLS LAMED WITH GOUT.

Chapter VII.—FRIEDRICH REAPPEARS ON THE FIELD, AND IN SEVEN DAYS AFTER COMES THE CATASTROPHE OF MAXEN.

Chapter VIII.—MISCELLANEA IN WINTER-QUARTERS, 1759-1760. SERENE HIGHNESS OF WURTEMBERG, AT FULDA (November 30th, 1759), IS JUST ABOUT "FIRING VICTORIA," AND GIVING A BALL TO BEAUTY AND FASHION, IN HONOR OF A CERTAIN EVENT;—BUT IS UNPLEASANTLY INTERRUPTED. WHAT IS PERPETUAL PRESIDENT MAUPERTUIS DOING, ALL THIS WHILE? IS HE STILL IN BERLIN; OR WHERE IN THE UNIVERSE IS HE? ALAS, POOR MAUPERTUIS! GRAND FRENCH INVASION-SCHEME COMES ENTIRELY TO WRECK (Quiberon Bay, 20th November, 1759): OF CONTROLLER-GENERAL SILHOUETTE, AND THE OUTLOOKS OF FRANCE, FINANCIAL AND OTHER. FRIEDRICH, STRANGE TO SAY, PUBLISHES (March-June, 1760) AN EDITION OF HIS POEMS. QUESTION, "WHO WROTE Matinees du Roi de Prusse?"—FOR THE SECOND, AND POSITIVELY THE LAST TIME. PEACE- NEGOTIATIONS HOPEFUL TO FRIEDRICH ALL THROUGH WINTER; BUT THE FRENCH WON'T. VOLTAIRE, AND HIS STYLE OF CORRESPONDING. VOLTAIRE ON FRIEDRICH, TO DIFFERENT THIRD-PARTIES, DURING THIS WAR. VOLTAIRE ON SURROUNDING OBJECTS, CHIEFLY ON MAUPERTUIS, AND THE BATTLES. FRIEDRICH TO VOLTAIRE, BEFORE AND DURING THESE PEACE NEGOTIATIONS. FRIEDRICH HAS SENT LORD MARISCHAL TO SPAIN: OTHER FOND HOPES OF FRIEDRICH'S.



BOOK XX.—FRIEDRICH IS NOT TO BE OVERWHELMED: THE SEVEN-YEARS WAR Chapter

I.—FIFTH CAMPAIGN OPENS.

Chapter II.—FRIEDRICH BESIEGES DRESDEN. CAPTURE OF GLATZ (26th July, 1760). DIALOGUE OF FRIEDRICH AND HENRI (from their Private Correspondence: June 7th-July 29th, 1760). DUKE FERDINAND'S BATTLE OF WARBURG (31st July, 1760).

Chapter III.—BATTLE OF LIEGNITZ. LOUDON IS TRYING A STROKE-OF-HAND ON BRESLAU, IN THE GLATZ FASHION, IN THE INTERIM (July 30th-August 3d). FRIEDRICH ON MARCH, FOR THE THIRD TIME, TO RESCUE SILESIA (August 1st- 15th). BATTLE, IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF LIEGNITZ, DOES ENSUE (Friday morning, 15th August, 1760).

Chapter IV.—DAUN IN WRESTLE WITH FRIEDRICH IN THE SILESIAN HILLS. THE RUSSIANS MAKE A RAID ON BERLIN, FOR RELIEF OF DAUN AND THEIR OWN BEHOOF (October 3d-12th, 1760).

Chapter V.—BATTLE OF TORGAU. FIGHT OF KLOSTER KAMPEN (Night of October 15th-16th); WESEL NOT TO BE HAD BY DUKE FERDINAND.

Chapter VI.—WINTER-QUARTERS 1760-1761. KING FRIEDRICH IN THE APEL HOUSE AT LEIPZIG (8th December, 1760-17th March, 1761). INTERVIEW WITH HERR PROFESSOR GELLERT (Thursday, 18th December, 1760). DIALOGUE WITH GENERAL SALDERN (in the Apel House, Leipzig, 21st January, 1761). THERE ARE SOME WAR-MOVEMENTS DURING WINTER; GENERAL FINANCIERING DIFFICULTIES. CHOISEUL PROPOSES PEACE.

Chapter VII.—SIXTH CAMPAIGN OPENS: CAMP OF BUNZELWITZ. OF FERDINAND'S BATTLE OF VELLINGHAUSEN (15th-16th July); AND THE CAMPAIGN 1761. THIRD SIEGE OF COLBERG.

Chapter VIII.—LOUDON POUNCES UPON SCHWEIDNITZ ONE NIGHT (LAST OF SEPTEMBER, 1761).

Chapter IX.—TRAITOR WARKOTSCH.

Chapter X.—FRIEDRICH IN BRESLAU; HAS NEWS FROM PETERSBURG. THE PITT CATASTROPHE: HOW THE PEACE-NEGOTIATION WENT OFF BY EXPLOSION; HOW PITT WITHDREW (3d October, 1761), AND THERE CAME A SPANISH WAR NEVERTHELESS. TIFF OF QUARREL BETWEEN KING AND HENRI (March-April, 1762). BRIGHT NEWS FROM PETERSBURG (certain, Jan. 19th); WHICH GROW EVER BRIGHTER; AND BECOME A STAR-OF-DAY FOR FRIEDRICH. WHAT COLONEL HORDT AND THE OTHERS SAW AT PETERSBURG (January-July, 1762).

Chapter XI.—SEVENTH CAMPAIGN OPENS.

Chapter XII.—SIEGE OF SCHWEIDNITZ: SEVENTH CAMPAIGN ENDS.

Chapter XIII.—PEACE OF HUBERTSBURG.



BOOK XXI.—AFTERNOON AND EVENING OF FRIEDRICH'S LIFE—1763-1786.

Chapter I.—PREFATORY.

Chapter II.—REPAIRING OF A RUINED PRUSSIA. LANDRATH NUSSLER AND THE KING (30th March-3d April, 1763). III. SATURDAY, APRIL 3d, IN THE SCHLOSS AGAIN: NUSSLER AND LANDRATHS. To them, the KING. KRIEGSRATH RODEN AND THE KING (6th-13th June, 1763). OF FRIEDRICH'S NEW EXCISE SYSTEM. THE NEUE PALAIS, IN SANS-SOUCI NEIGHBORHOOD, IS FOUNDED AND FINISHED (1763-1770). "OBITUARY IN FRIEDRICH'S CIRCLE TILL 1771."

Chapter III.—TROUBLES IN POLAND. KING OF POLAND DIES; AND THERE ENSUE HUGE ANARCHIES IN THAT COUNTRY. EX-LOVER PONIATOWSKI BECOMES KING OF POLAND (7th Sept. 1764), AND IS CROWNED WITHOUT LOSS OF HIS HAIR. FOR SEVERAL YEARS THE DISSIDENT QUESTION CANNOT BE GOT SETTLED; CONFEDERATION OF RADOM (23d June, 1767-5th March, 1768) PUSHES IT INTO SETTLEMENT. CONFEDERATION OF BAR ENSUES, ON THE PER-CONTRA SIDE (March 28th, 1768); AND, AS FIRST RESULT OF ITS ACHIEVEMENTS (October 6th, 1768), A TURK-RUSSIAN WAR.

Chapter IV.—PARTITION OF POLAND. FIRST INTERVIEW BETWEEN FRIEDRICH AND KAISER JOSEPH (Neisse, 25th-28th August, 1769). NEXT YEAR THERE IS A SECOND INTERVIEW; FRIEDRICH MAKING A RETURN-VISIT DURING THE KAISER'S MORAVIAN REVIEWS (Camp of Mahrisch-Neustadt, 3d-7th September, 1770). RUSSIAN-TURK WAR, FIRST TWO CAMPAIGNS. PRINCE HENRI HAS BEEN TO SWEDEN; IS SEEN AT PETERSBURG IN MASQUERADE (on or about New-year's Day, 1771); AND DOES GET HOME, WITH RESULTS THAT ARE IMPORTANT. THE EMPRESS-QUEEN TO PRINCE KAUNITZ (Undated: date must be Vienna, February, 1772). WHAT FRIEDRICH DID WITH HIS NEW ACQUISITION.

Chapter V.—A CHAPTER OF MISCELLANIES. HERR DOCTOR ZIMMERMANN, THE FAMOUS AUTHOR OF THE BOOK "ON SOLITUDE," WALKS REVERENTIALLY BEFORE FRIEDRICH'S DOOR IN THE DUSK OF AN OCTOBER EVENING: AND HAS A ROYAL INTERVIEW NEXT DAY. SISTER ULRIQUE, QUEEN-DOWAGER OF SWEDEN, REVISITS HER NATIVE PLACE (December, 1771-August, 1772). WILHELMINA'S DAUGHTER, ELIZABETH FREDERIKE SOPHIE, DUCHESS OF WURTEMBERG, APPEARS AT FERNEY (September, 1773). No. 1. DR BURNEY HAS SIGHT OF VOLTAIRE (July, 1770). NO. 2. A REVEREND MR. SHERLOCK SEES VOLTAIRE, AND EVEN DINES WITH HIM (April, 1776). GENERAL OR FIELDMARSHAL CONWAY, DIRECT FROM THE LONDON CIRCLES, ATTENDS ONE OF FRIEDRICH'S REVIEWS (August-September, 1774). EXUBERANT SHERLOCK AND ELEVEN OTHER ENGLISH ARE PRESENTED TO FRIEDRICH ON A COURT OCCASION (8th October, 1777); AND TWO OF THEM GET SPOKEN TO, AND SPEAK EACH A WORD. EXCELLENCY HUGH ELLIOT IS THEIR INTRODUCER.

Chapter VI.—THE BAVARIAN WAR.

Chapter VII.—MILLER ARNOLD'S LAWSUIT. "PROTOCOL [of December 11th, Title already given; [Supra, p. 439 n.] Docketing adds], WHICH IS TO BE PRINTED."

Chapter VIII.—THE FURSTENBUND: FRIEDRICH'S LAST YEARS. PRINCE DE LIGNE, AFTER TEN YEARS, SEES FRIEDRICH A SECOND TIME; TIME; AND REPORTS WHAT WAS SAID. HOW GENERAL VON DER MARWITZ, IN EARLY BOYHOOD, SAW FRIEDRICH THE GREAT THREE TIMES (1782-1785). GENERAL BOUILLE, HOME FROM HIS WEST-INDIAN EXPLOITS, VISITS FRIEDRICH (August 5th-11th, 1784).

Chapter IX.—FRIEDRICH'S LAST ILLNESS AND DEATH.



APPENDIX.

A DAY WITH FRIEDRICH.—(23d July, 1779.)

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