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Homeland Security Act of 2002 - Updated Through October 14, 2008
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[110 House Committee Prints] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access] [DOCID: f:45834.wais]

110th Congress Committee 2nd Session COMMITTEE PRINT Print 110-C _____________

COMPILATION

of the

HOMELAND SECURITY ACT OF 2002

(updated with amendments made through p.l. 110-417 (october 14, 2008))



prepared for the use of the

COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY

of the

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SECOND SESSION





[GRAPHIC NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 45-834 WASHINGTON : 2008



COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY

BENNIE G. THOMPSON, Mississippi, Chairman

LORETTA SANCHEZ, California, PETER T. KING, New York EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts LAMAR SMITH, Texas NORMAN D. DICKS, Washington CHRISTOPHER SHAYS, Connecticut JANE HARMAN, California MARK E. SOUDER, Indiana PETER A. DeFAZIO, Oregon TOM DAVIS, Virginia NITA M. LOWEY, New York DANIEL E. LUNGREN, California ELEANOR HOLMES NORTON, District of MIKE ROGERS, Alabama Columbia DAVID G. REICHERT, Washington ZOE LOFGREN, California MICHAEL T. McCAUL, Texas SHEILA JACKSON-LEE, Texas CHARLES W. DENT, Pennsylvania DONNA M. CHRISTENSEN, U.S. Virgin GINNY BROWN-WAITE, Florida Islands GUS M. BILIRAKIS, Florida BOB ETHERIDGE, North Carolina DAVID DAVIS, Tennessee JAMES R. LANGEVIN, Rhode Island PAUL C. BROUN, Georgia HENRY CUELLAR, Texas CANDICE S. MILLER, Michigan CHRISTOPHER P. CARNEY, Pennsylvania YVETTE D. CLARKE, New York AL GREEN, Texas ED PERLMUTTER, Colorado BILL PASCRELL, Jr., Colorado

I. Lanier Avant, Staff Director Rosaline Cohen, Chief Counsel Michael Twinchek, Chief Clerk Robert O'Connor, Minority Staff Director

(II)



P R E F A C E

This book is designed as a ready reference of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-296), as amended through Public Law 110-417. The information contained herein is current as of December 2008. This document was prepared by the Office of the Legislative Counsel. The Committee is appreciative of their hard work and dedication. The Committee would like to acknowledge the work of the Staff of the Office of the Legislative Counsel including: Craig Sterkx, Pam Griffiths, and Tom Meryweather.



C O N T E N T S

Homeland Security Act of 2002 - Amended through P.L. 110-417

Title I-Department of Homeland Security...................... 10 Title II-Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection.. 14 Subtitle A-Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection; Access to Information...................... 14 Subtitle B-Critical Infrastructure Information........... 40 Title III-Science and Technology In Support of Homeland Security................................................... 53 Title IV-Directorate of Border and Transportation Security... 74 Subtitle A-Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security............................................... 74 Subtitle B-United States Customs Service................. 75 Subtitle C-Miscellaneous Provisions...................... 78 Subtitle D-Immigration Enforcement Functions............. 87 Subtitle E-Citizenship and Immigration Services.......... 90 Subtitle F-General Immigration Provisions................ 101 Title V-National Emergency Management........................ 108 Title VI-Treatment of Charitable Trusts for members of the Armed Forces of the United States and Other Governmental Organizations.............................................. 134 Title VII-Management......................................... 137 Title VIII-Coordination with Non-Federal Entities; Inspector General; United States Secret Servicel Coast Guard; General Provisions................................................. 145 Subtitle A-Coordination with Non-Federal Entitites....... 145 Subtitle B-Inspector General............................. 149 Subtitle C-United States Secret Service.................. 146 Subtitle D-Acquisitions.................................. 147 Subtitle E-Human Resources Management.................... 152 Subtitle F-Federal Emergency Procurement Flexibility..... 158 Subtitle G-Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002............................... 161 Subtitle H-Miscellaneous Provisions...................... 165 Subtitle I-Information Sharing........................... 176 Subtitle J-Secure Handling of Ammonium Nitrate........... 181 Title IX-National Homeland Security Council.................. 188 Title X-Information Security................................. 189 Title XI-Department of Justice Divisions..................... 189 Subtitle A-Executive Office for Immigration Review....... 1189 Subtitle B-Transfer of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms to the Department of Justice.................. 190 Subtitle C-Explosives.................................... 192 Title XII-Airline War Risk Insurance Legislation............. 192 Title XIII-Federal Workforce Improvement..................... 193 Subtitle A-Chief Human Cap[ital Officers................. 193 Subtitle B-Reforms Relating to Federal Human Capital Management............................................. 194 Subtitle C-Reforms Relating to the Senior Executive Service................................................ 195 Subtitle D-Academic Training............................. 195 Title XIV-Arming Pilots Against Terrorism.................... 196 Title XV-Transition.......................................... 197 Subtitle A-Reorganization Plan........................... 197 Subtitle B-Transitional Provisions....................... 198 Title XVII-Conformaing and Technical Amendments.............. 201 Title XVIII-Emergency Communications......................... 203 Title XIX-Domestic Nuclear Detection Office.................. 216 Title XX-Homeland Security Grants............................ 220 Subtitle A-Grants to States and High-Risk Urban Areas.... 223 Subtitle B-Grants Administration......................... 235 HOMELAND SECURITY ACT OF 2002

[As Amended Through P.L. 110-417, Enacted October 14, 2008]

AN ACT To establish the Department of Homeland Security, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

(a) [6 U.S.C. 101] Short Title.—This Act may be cited as the "Homeland Security Act of 2002''. (b) Table of Contents.—The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. Sec. 2. Definitions. Sec. 3. Construction; severability. Sec. 4. Effective date.

TITLE I—DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Sec. 101. Executive department; mission. Sec. 102. Secretary; functions. Sec. 103. Other officers.

TITLE II—INFORMATION ANALYSIS AND INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION

Subtitle A—Information and Analysis and Infrastructure Protection; Access to Information

Sec. 201. Information and Analysis and Infrastructure Protection. Sec. 202. Access to information. Sec. 203. Homeland Security Advisory System. Sec. 204. Homeland security information sharing. Sec. 205. Comprehensive information technology network architecture. Sec. 206. Coordination with information sharing environment. Sec. 207. Intelligence components. Sec. 208. Training for employees of intelligence components. Sec. 209. Intelligence training development for State and local government officials. Sec. 210. Information sharing incentives. Sec. 210A. Department of Homeland Security State, Local, and Regional Information Fusion Center Initiative. Sec. 210B. Homeland Security Information Sharing Fellows Program. Sec. 210C. Rural Policing Institute. Sec. 210D. Interagency Threat Assessment and Coordination Group. Sec. 210E. National Asset Database.

Subtitle B—Critical Infrastructure Information

Sec. 211. Short title. Sec. 212. Definitions. Sec. 213. Designation of critical infrastructure protection program. Sec. 214. Protection of voluntarily shared critical infrastructure information. Sec. 215. No private right of action.

Subtitle C—Information Security

Sec. 221. Procedures for sharing information. Sec. 222. Privacy Officer. Sec. 223. Enhancement of non-Federal cybersecurity. Sec. 224. Net guard. Sec. 225. Cyber Security Enhancement Act of 2002.

Subtitle D—Office of Science and Technology

Sec. 231. Establishment of office; Director. Sec. 232. Mission of office; duties. Sec. 233. Definition of law enforcement technology. Sec. 234. Abolishment of Office of Science and Technology of National Institute of Justice; transfer of functions. Sec. 235. National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Centers. Sec. 236. Coordination with other entities within Department of Justice. Sec. 237. Amendments relating to National Institute of Justice.

TITLE III—SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN SUPPORT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Sec. 301. Under Secretary for Science and Technology. Sec. 302. Responsibilities and authorities of the Under Secretary for Science and Technology. Sec. 303. Functions transferred. Sec. 304. Conduct of certain public health-related activities. Sec. 305. Federally funded research and development centers. Sec. 306. Miscellaneous provisions. Sec. 307. Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency. Sec. 308. Conduct of research, development, demonstration, testing and evaluation. Sec. 309. Utilization of Department of Energy national laboratories and sites in support of homeland security activities. Sec. 310. Transfer of Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Department of Agriculture. Sec. 311. Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee. Sec. 312. Homeland Security Institute. Sec. 313. Technology clearinghouse to encourage and support innovative solutions to enhance homeland security. Sec. 314. Office for Interoperability and Compatibility. Sec. 315. Emergency communications interoperability research and development. Sec. 316. National Biosurveillance Integration Center. Sec. 317. Promoting antiterrorism through international cooperation program.

TITLE IV—DIRECTORATE OF BORDER AND TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

Subtitle A—Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security

Sec. 401. Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security. Sec. 402. Responsibilities. Sec. 403. Functions transferred.

Subtitle B—United States Customs Service

Sec. 411. Establishment; Commissioner of Customs. Sec. 412. Retention of customs revenue functions by Secretary of the Treasury. Sec. 413. Preservation of customs funds. Sec. 414. Separate budget request for customs. Sec. 415. Definition. Sec. 416. GAO report to Congress. Sec. 417. Allocation of resources by the Secretary. Sec. 418. Reports to Congress. Sec. 419. Customs user fees.

Subtitle C—Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 421. Transfer of certain agricultural inspection functions of the Department of Agriculture. Sec. 422. Functions of Administrator of General Services. Sec. 423. Functions of Transportation Security Administration. Sec. 424. Preservation of Transportation Security Administration as a distinct entity. Sec. 425. Explosive detection systems. Sec. 426. Transportation security. Sec. 427. Coordination of information and information technology. Sec. 428. Visa issuance. Sec. 429. Information on visa denials required to be entered into electronic data system. Sec. 430. Office for Domestic Preparedness. Sec. 431. Office of Cargo Security Policy.

Subtitle D—Immigration Enforcement Functions

Sec. 441. Transfer of functions to Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security. Sec. 442. Establishment of Bureau of Border Security. Sec. 443. Professional responsibility and quality review. Sec. 444. Employee discipline. Sec. 445. Report on improving enforcement functions. Sec. 446. Sense of Congress regarding construction of fencing near San Diego, California.

Subtitle E—Citizenship and Immigration Services

Sec. 451. Establishment of Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services. Sec. 452. Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman. Sec. 453. Professional responsibility and quality review. Sec. 454. Employee discipline. Sec. 455. Effective date. Sec. 456. Transition. Sec. 457. Funding for citizenship and immigration services. Sec. 458. Backlog elimination. Sec. 459. Report on improving immigration services. Sec. 460. Report on responding to fluctuating needs. Sec. 461. Application of Internet-based technologies. Sec. 462. Children's affairs.

Subtitle F—General Immigration Provisions

Sec. 471. Abolishment of INS. Sec. 472. Voluntary separation incentive payments. Sec. 473. Authority to conduct a demonstration project relating to disciplinary action. Sec. 474. Sense of Congress. Sec. 475. Director of Shared Services. Sec. 476. Separation of funding. Sec. 477. Reports and implementation plans. Sec. 478. Immigration functions.

TITLE V—NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

Sec. 501. Definitions. Sec. 502. Definition. Sec. 503. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Sec. 504. Authorities and responsibilities. Sec. 505. Functions transferred. Sec. 506. Preserving the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Sec. 507. Regional Offices. Sec. 508. National Advisory Council. Sec. 509. National Integration Center. Sec. 510. Credentialing and typing. Sec. 511. The National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center. Sec. 512. Evacuation plans and exercises. Sec. 513. Disability Coordinator. Sec. 514. Department and Agency officials. Sec. 515. National Operations Center. Sec. 516. Chief Medical Officer. Sec. 517. Nuclear incident response. Sec. 518. Conduct of certain public health-related activities. Sec. 519. Use of national private sector networks in emergency response. Sec. 520. Use of commercially available technology, goods, and services. Sec. 521. Procurement of security countermeasures for strategic national stockpile. Sec. 522. Model standards and guidelines for critical infrastructure workers. Sec. 523. Guidance and recommendations. 1 Sec. 524. Voluntary private sector preparedness accreditation and certification program. 1

—————————————————————————————————————- 1 The placement of items relating to sections 523 and 524 in the table of contents in section 1(b) were added at the end of the items in title V in order to reflect the probable intent of Congress. See amendment made by section 901(e) of Public Law 110-53. —————————————————————————————————————-

TITLE VI—TREATMENT OF CHARITABLE TRUSTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Sec. 601. Treatment of charitable trusts for members of the Armed Forces of the United States and other governmental organizations.

TITLE VII—MANAGEMENT

Sec. 701. Under Secretary for Management. Sec. 702. Chief Financial Officer. Sec. 703. Chief Information Officer. Sec. 704. Chief Human Capital Officer. Sec. 705. Establishment of Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties. Sec. 706. Consolidation and co-location of offices. Sec. 707. Quadrennial Homeland Security Review.

TITLE VIII—COORDINATION WITH NON-FEDERAL ENTITIES; INSPECTOR GENERAL; UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE; COAST GUARD; GENERAL PROVISIONS

Subtitle A—Coordination with Non-Federal Entities

Sec. 801. Office for State and Local Government Coordination.

Subtitle B—Inspector General

Sec. 811. Authority of the Secretary. Sec. 812. Law enforcement powers of Inspector General agents.

Subtitle C—United States Secret Service

Sec. 821. Functions transferred.

Subtitle D—Acquisitions

Sec. 831. Research and development projects. Sec. 832. Personal services. Sec. 833. Special streamlined acquisition authority. Sec. 834. Unsolicited proposals. Sec. 835. Prohibition on contracts with corporate expatriates.

Subtitle E—Human Resources Management

Sec. 841. Establishment of Human Resources Management System. Sec. 842. Labor-management relations. Sec. 843. Use of counternarcotics enforcement activities in certain employee performance appraisals. Sec. 844. Homeland Security Rotation Program. Sec. 845. Homeland Security Education Program.

Subtitle F—Federal Emergency Procurement Flexibility

Sec. 851. Definition. Sec. 852. Procurements for defense against or recovery from terrorism or nuclear, biological, chemical, or radiological attack. Sec. 853. Increased simplified acquisition threshold for procurements in support of humanitarian or peacekeeping operations or contingency operations. Sec. 854. Increased micro-purchase threshold for certain procurements. Sec. 855. Application of certain commercial items authorities to certain procurements. Sec. 856. Use of streamlined procedures. Sec. 857. Review and report by Comptroller General. Sec. 858. Identification of new entrants into the Federal marketplace.

Subtitle G—Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002

Sec. 861. Short title. Sec. 862. Administration. Sec. 863. Litigation management. Sec. 864. Risk management. Sec. 865. Definitions.

Subtitle H—Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 871. Advisory committees. Sec. 872. Reorganization. Sec. 873. Use of appropriated funds. Sec. 874. Future Year Homeland Security Program. Sec. 875. Miscellaneous authorities. Sec. 876. Military activities. Sec. 877. Regulatory authority and preemption. Sec. 878. Counternarcotics officer. Sec. 879. Office of International Affairs. Sec. 880. Prohibition of the Terrorism Information and Prevention System. Sec. 881. Review of pay and benefit plans. Sec. 882. Office for National Capital Region Coordination. Sec. 883. Requirement to comply with laws protecting equal employment opportunity and providing whistleblower protections. Sec. 884. Federal Law Enforcement Training Center. Sec. 885. Joint Interagency Task Force. Sec. 886. Sense of Congress reaffirming the continued importance and applicability of the Posse Comitatus Act. Sec. 887. Coordination with the Department of Health and Human Services under the Public Health Service Act. Sec. 888. Preserving Coast Guard mission performance. Sec. 889. Homeland security funding analysis in President's budget. Sec. 890. Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act.

Subtitle I—Information Sharing

Sec. 891. Short title; findings; and sense of Congress. Sec. 892. Facilitating homeland security information sharing procedures. Sec. 893. Report. Sec. 894. Authorization of appropriations. Sec. 895. Authority to share grand jury information. Sec. 896. Authority to share electronic, wire, and oral interception information. Sec. 897. Foreign intelligence information. Sec. 898. Information acquired from an electronic surveillance. Sec. 899. Information acquired from a physical search.

Subtitle J—Secure Handling of Ammonium Nitrate

Sec. 899A. Definitions. Sec. 899B. Regulation of the sale and transfer of ammonium nitrate. Sec. 899C. Inspection and auditing of records. Sec. 899D. Administrative provisions. Sec. 899E. Theft reporting requirement. Sec. 899F. Prohibitions and penalty. Sec. 899G. Protection from civil liability. Sec. 899H. Preemption of other laws. Sec. 899I. Deadlines for regulations. Sec. 899J. Authorization of appropriations.

TITLE IX—NATIONAL HOMELAND SECURITY COUNCIL

Sec. 901. National Homeland Security Council. Sec. 902. Function. Sec. 903. Membership. Sec. 904. Other functions and activities. Sec. 905. Staff composition. Sec. 906. Relation to the National Security Council.

TITLE X—INFORMATION SECURITY

Sec. 1001. Information security. Sec. 1002. Management of information technology. Sec. 1003. National Institute of Standards and Technology. Sec. 1004. Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board. Sec. 1005. Technical and conforming amendments. Sec. 1006. Construction.

TITLE XI—DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DIVISIONS

Subtitle A—Executive Office for Immigration Review

Sec. 1101. Legal status of EOIR. Sec. 1102. Authorities of the Attorney General. Sec. 1103. Statutory construction.

Subtitle B—Transfer of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms to the Department of Justice

Sec. 1111. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives. Sec. 1112. Technical and conforming amendments. Sec. 1113. Powers of agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives. Sec. 1114. Explosives training and research facility. Sec. 1115. Personnel management demonstration project.

Subtitle C—Explosives

Sec. 1121. Short title. Sec. 1122. Permits for purchasers of explosives. Sec. 1123. Persons prohibited from receiving or possessing explosive materials. Sec. 1124. Requirement to provide samples of explosive materials and ammonium nitrate. Sec. 1125. Destruction of property of institutions receiving Federal financial assistance. Sec. 1126. Relief from disabilities. Sec. 1127. Theft reporting requirement. Sec. 1128. Authorization of appropriations.

TITLE XII—AIRLINE WAR RISK INSURANCE LEGISLATION

Sec. 1201. Air carrier liability for third party claims arising out of acts of terrorism. Sec. 1202. Extension of insurance policies. Sec. 1203. Correction of reference. Sec. 1204. Report.

TITLE XIII—FEDERAL WORKFORCE IMPROVEMENT

Subtitle A—Chief Human Capital Officers

Sec. 1301. Short title. Sec. 1302. Agency Chief Human Capital Officers. Sec. 1303. Chief Human Capital Officers Council. Sec. 1304. Strategic human capital management. Sec. 1305. Effective date.

Subtitle B—Reforms Relating to Federal Human Capital Management

Sec. 1311. Inclusion of agency human capital strategic planning in performance plans and programs performance reports. Sec. 1312. Reform of the competitive service hiring process. Sec. 1313. Permanent extension, revision, and expansion of authorities for use of voluntary separation incentive pay and voluntary early retirement. Sec. 1314. Student volunteer transit subsidy.

Subtitle C—Reforms Relating to the Senior Executive Service

Sec. 1321. Repeal of recertification requirements of senior executives. Sec. 1322. Adjustment of limitation on total annual compensation.

Subtitle D—Academic Training

Sec. 1331. Academic training. Sec. 1332. Modifications to National Security Education Program.

TITLE XIV—ARMING PILOTS AGAINST TERRORISM

Sec. 1401. Short title. Sec. 1402. Federal Flight Deck Officer Program. Sec. 1403. Crew training. Sec. 1404. Commercial airline security study. Sec. 1405. Authority to arm flight deck crew with less-than-lethal weapons. Sec. 1406. Technical amendments.

TITLE XV—TRANSITION

Subtitle A—Reorganization Plan

Sec. 1501. Definitions. Sec. 1502. Reorganization plan. Sec. 1503. Review of congressional committee structures.

Subtitle B—Transitional Provisions

Sec. 1511. Transitional authorities. Sec. 1512. Savings provisions. Sec. 1513. Terminations. Sec. 1514. National identification system not authorized. Sec. 1515. Continuity of Inspector General oversight. Sec. 1516. Incidental transfers. Sec. 1517. Reference.

TITLE XVI—CORRECTIONS TO EXISTING LAW RELATING TO AIRLINE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

Sec. 1601. Retention of security sensitive information authority at Department of Transportation. Sec. 1602. Increase in civil penalties. Sec. 1603. Allowing United States citizens and United States nationals as screeners.

TITLE XVII—CONFORMING AND TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS

Sec. 1701. Inspector General Act of 1978. Sec. 1702. Executive Schedule. Sec. 1703. United States Secret Service. Sec. 1704. Coast Guard. Sec. 1705. Strategic national stockpile and smallpox vaccine development. Sec. 1706. Transfer of certain security and law enforcement functions and authorities. Sec. 1707. Transportation security regulations. Sec. 1708. National Bio-Weapons Defense Analysis Center. Sec. 1709. Collaboration with the Secretary of Homeland Security. Sec. 1710. Railroad safety to include railroad security. Sec. 1711. Hazmat safety to include hazmat security. Sec. 1712. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Sec. 1713. National Oceanographic Partnership Program. Sec. 1714. Clarification of definition of manufacturer. Sec. 1715. Clarification of definition of vaccine-related injury or death. Sec. 1716. Clarification of definition of vaccine. Sec. 1717. Effective date.

TITLE XVIII—EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS

Sec. 1801. Office for Emergency Communications. Sec. 1802. National Emergency Communications Plan. Sec. 1803. Assessments and reports. Sec. 1804. Coordination of Federal emergency communications grant programs. Sec. 1805. Regional emergency communications coordination. Sec. 1806. Emergency Communications Preparedness Center. Sec. 1807. Urban and other high risk area communications capabilities. Sec. 1808. Definition. Sec. 1809. Interoperable Emergency Communications Grant Program. Sec. 1810. Border interoperability demonstration project.

TITLE XIX—DOMESTIC NUCLEAR DETECTION OFFICE

Sec. 1901. Domestic Nuclear Detection Office. Sec. 1902. Mission of Office. Sec. 1903. Hiring authority. Sec. 1904. Testing authority. Sec. 1905. Relationship to other Department entities and Federal agencies. Sec. 1906. Contracting and grant making authorities. Sec. 1907. Joint annual interagency review of global nuclear detection architecture.

TITLE XX—HOMELAND SECURITY GRANTS

Sec. 2001. Definitions.

Subtitle A—Grants to States and High-Risk Urban Areas

Sec. 2002. Homeland Security Grant Programs. Sec. 2003. Urban Area Security Initiative. Sec. 2004. State Homeland Security Grant Program. Sec. 2005. Grants to directly eligible tribes. Sec. 2006. Terrorism prevention. Sec. 2007. Prioritization. Sec. 2008. Use of funds.

Subtitle B—Grants Administration

Sec. 2021. Administration and coordination. Sec. 2022. Accountability.

SEC. 2. [6 U.S.C. 101] DEFINITIONS.

In this Act, the following definitions apply: (1) Each of the terms "American homeland'' and "homeland'' means the United States. (2) The term "appropriate congressional committee'' means any committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate having legislative or oversight jurisdiction under the Rules of the House of Representatives or the Senate, respectively, over the matter concerned. (3) The term "assets'' includes contracts, facilities, property, records, unobligated or unexpended balances of appropriations, and other funds or resources (other than personnel). (4) The term "critical infrastructure'' has the meaning given that term in section 1016(e) of Public Law 107-56 (42 U.S.C. 5195c(e)). (5) The term "Department'' means the Department of Homeland Security. (6) The term "emergency response providers'' includes Federal, State, and local governmental and nongovernmental emergency public safety, fire, law enforcement, emergency response, emergency medical (including hospital emergency facilities), and related personnel, agencies, and authorities. (7) The term "executive agency'' means an executive agency and a military department, as defined, respectively, in sections 105 and 102 of title 5, United States Code. (8) The term "functions'' includes authorities, powers, rights, privileges, immunities, programs, projects, activities, duties, and responsibilities. (9) The term "intelligence component of the Department'' means any element or entity of the Department that collects, gathers, processes, analyzes, produces, or disseminates intelligence information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, or national intelligence, as defined under section 3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5)), except— (A) the United States Secret Service; and (B) the Coast Guard, when operating under the direct authority of the Secretary of Defense or Secretary of the Navy pursuant to section 3 of title 14, United States Code, except that nothing in this paragraph shall affect or diminish the authority and responsibilities of the Commandant of the Coast Guard to command or control the Coast Guard as an armed force or the authority of the Director of National Intelligence with respect to the Coast Guard as an element of the intelligence community (as defined under section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4)). (10) The term "key resources'' means publicly or privately controlled resources essential to the minimal operations of the economy and government. (11) The term "local government'' means— (A) a county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (regardless of whether the council of governments is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under State law), regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; (B) an Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, or in Alaska a Native village or Alaska Regional Native Corporation; and (C) a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity. (12) The term "major disaster'' has the meaning given in section 102(2) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122). (13) The term "personnel'' means officers and employees. (14) The term "Secretary'' means the Secretary of Homeland Security. (15) The term "State'' means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any possession of the United States. (16) The term "terrorism'' means any activity that— (A) involves an act that— (i) is dangerous to human life or potentially destructive of critical infrastructure or key resources; and (ii) is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State or other subdivision of the United States; and (B) appears to be intended— (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping. (17)(A) The term "United States'', when used in a geographic sense, means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, any possession of the United States, and any waters within the jurisdiction of the United States. (B) Nothing in this paragraph or any other provision of this Act shall be construed to modify the definition of "United States'' for the purposes of the Immigration and Nationality Act or any other immigration or nationality law. (18) The term "voluntary preparedness standards'' means a common set of criteria for preparedness, disaster management, emergency management, and business continuity programs, such as the American National Standards Institute's National Fire Protection Association Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs (ANSI/NFPA 1600).

SEC. 3. [6 U.S.C. 102] CONSTRUCTION; SEVERABILITY.

Any provision of this Act held to be invalid or unenforceable by its terms, or as applied to any person or circumstance, shall be construed so as to give it the maximum effect permitted by law, unless such holding shall be one of utter invalidity or unenforceability, in which event such provision shall be deemed severable from this Act and shall not affect the remainder thereof, or the application of such provision to other persons not similarly situated or to other, dissimilar circumstances.

SEC. 4. [6 U.S.C. 101 NOTE] EFFECTIVE DATE.

This Act shall take effect 60 days after the date of enactment.

TITLE I—DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

SEC. 101. [6 U.S.C. 111] EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT; MISSION.

(a) Establishment.—There is established a Department of Homeland Security, as an executive department of the United States within the meaning of title 5, United States Code. (b) Mission.— (1) In general.—The primary mission of the Department is to— (A) prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; (B) reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism; (C) minimize the damage, and assist in the recovery, from terrorist attacks that do occur within the United States; (D) carry out all functions of entities transferred to the Department, including by acting as a focal point regarding natural and manmade crises and emergency planning; (E) ensure that the functions of the agencies and subdivisions within the Department that are not related directly to securing the homeland are not diminished or neglected except by a specific explicit Act of Congress; (F) ensure that the overall economic security of the United States is not diminished by efforts, activities, and programs aimed at securing the homeland; (G) ensure that the civil rights and civil liberties of persons are not diminished by efforts, activities, and programs aimed at securing the homeland; and (H) monitor connections between illegal drug trafficking and terrorism, coordinate efforts to sever such connections, and otherwise contribute to efforts to interdict illegal drug trafficking. (2) Responsibility for investigating and prosecuting terrorism.—Except as specifically provided by law with respect to entities transferred to the Department under this Act, primary responsibility for investigating and prosecuting acts of terrorism shall be vested not in the Department, but rather in Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies with jurisdiction over the acts in question.

SEC. 102. [6 U.S.C. 112] SECRETARY; FUNCTIONS.

(a) Secretary.— (1) In general.—There is a Secretary of Homeland Security, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. (2) Head of department.—The Secretary is the head of the Department and shall have direction, authority, and control over it. (3) Functions vested in secretary.—All functions of all officers, employees, and organizational units of the Department are vested in the Secretary. (b) Functions.—The Secretary— (1) except as otherwise provided by this Act, may delegate any of the Secretary's functions to any officer, employee, or organizational unit of the Department; (2) shall have the authority to make contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements, and to enter into agreements with other executive agencies, as may be necessary and proper to carry out the Secretary's responsibilities under this Act or otherwise provided by law; and (3) shall take reasonable steps to ensure that information systems and databases of the Department are compatible with each other and with appropriate databases of other Departments. (c) Coordination With Non-Federal Entities.—With respect to homeland security, the Secretary shall coordinate through the Office of State and Local Coordination (established under section 801) (including the provision of training and equipment) with State and local government personnel, agencies, and authorities, with the private sector, and with other entities, including by— (1) coordinating with State and local government personnel, agencies, and authorities, and with the private sector, to ensure adequate planning, equipment, training, and exercise activities; (2) coordinating and, as appropriate, consolidating, the Federal Government's communications and systems of communications relating to homeland security with State and local government personnel, agencies, and authorities, the private sector, other entities, and the public; and (3) distributing or, as appropriate, coordinating the distribution of, warnings and information to State and local government personnel, agencies, and authorities and to the public. (d) Meetings of National Security Council.—The Secretary may, subject to the direction of the President, attend and participate in meetings of the National Security Council. (e) Issuance of Regulations.—The issuance of regulations by the Secretary shall be governed by the provisions of chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, except as specifically provided in this Act, in laws granting regulatory authorities that are transferred by this Act, and in laws enacted after the date of enactment of this Act. (f) Special Assistant to the Secretary.—The Secretary shall appoint a Special Assistant to the Secretary who shall be responsible for— (1) creating and fostering strategic communications with the private sector to enhance the primary mission of the Department to protect the American homeland; (2) advising the Secretary on the impact of the Department's policies, regulations, processes, and actions on the private sector; (3) interfacing with other relevant Federal agencies with homeland security missions to assess the impact of these agencies' actions on the private sector; (4) creating and managing private sector advisory councils composed of representatives of industries and associations designated by the Secretary to— (A) advise the Secretary on private sector products, applications, and solutions as they relate to homeland security challenges; (B) advise the Secretary on homeland security policies, regulations, processes, and actions that affect the participating industries and associations; and (C) advise the Secretary on private sector preparedness issues, including effective methods for— (i) promoting voluntary preparedness standards to the private sector; and (ii) assisting the private sector in adopting voluntary preparedness standards; (5) working with Federal laboratories, federally funded research and development centers, other federally funded organizations, academia, and the private sector to develop innovative approaches to address homeland security challenges to produce and deploy the best available technologies for homeland security missions; (6) promoting existing public-private partnerships and developing new public-private partnerships to provide for collaboration and mutual support to address homeland security challenges; (7) assisting in the development and promotion of private sector best practices to secure critical infrastructure; (8) providing information to the private sector regarding voluntary preparedness standards and the business justification for preparedness and promoting to the private sector the adoption of voluntary preparedness standards; (9) coordinating industry efforts, with respect to functions of the Department of Homeland Security, to identify private sector resources and capabilities that could be effective in supplementing Federal, State, and local government agency efforts to prevent or respond to a terrorist attack; (10) coordinating with the Directorate of Border and Transportation Security and the Assistant Secretary for Trade Development of the Department of Commerce on issues related to the travel and tourism industries; and (11) consulting with the Office of State and Local Government Coordination and Preparedness on all matters of concern to the private sector, including the tourism industry. (g) Standards Policy.—All standards activities of the Department shall be conducted in accordance with section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) and Office of Management and Budget Circular A-119.

SEC. 103. [6 U.S.C. 113] OTHER OFFICERS.

(a) Deputy Secretary; Under Secretaries.—There are the following officers, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate: (1) A Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security, who shall be the Secretary's first assistant for purposes of subchapter III of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code. (2) An Under Secretary for Science and Technology. (3) An Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security. (4) An Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. (5) A Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services. (6) An Under Secretary for Management. (7) A Director of the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement. (8) An Under Secretary responsible for overseeing critical infrastructure protection, cybersecurity, and other related programs of the Department. (9) Not more than 12 Assistant Secretaries. (10) A General Counsel, who shall be the chief legal officer of the Department. (b) Inspector General.—There shall be in the Department an Office of Inspector General and an Inspector General at the head of such office, as provided in the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.). (c) Commandant of the Coast Guard.—To assist the Secretary in the performance of the Secretary's functions, there is a Commandant of the Coast Guard, who shall be appointed as provided in section 44 of title 14, United States Code, and who shall report directly to the Secretary. In addition to such duties as may be provided in this Act and as assigned to the Commandant by the Secretary, the duties of the Commandant shall include those required by section 2 of title 14, United States Code. (d) Other Officers.—To assist the Secretary in the performance of the Secretary's functions, there are the following officers, appointed by the President: (1) A Director of the Secret Service. (2) A Chief Information Officer. (3) An Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties. (4) A Director for Domestic Nuclear Detection. (f) Performance of Specific Functions.—Subject to the provisions of this Act, every officer of the Department shall perform the functions specified by law for the official's office or prescribed by the Secretary. (e) Chief Financial Officer.—There shall be in the Department a Chief Financial Officer, as provided in chapter 9 of title 31, United States Code.

TITLE II—INFORMATION ANALYSIS AND INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION

Subtitle A—Information and Analysis and Infrastructure Protection; Access to Information

SEC. 201. [6 U.S.C. 121] INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS AND INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION.

(a) Intelligence and Analysis and Infrastructure Protection.—There shall be in the Department an Office of Intelligence and Analysis and an Office of Infrastructure Protection. (b) Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis and Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Protection.— (1) Office of intelligence and analysis.—The Office of Intelligence and Analysis shall be headed by an Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. (2) Chief intelligence officer.—The Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall serve as the Chief Intelligence Officer of the Department. (3) Office of infrastructure protection.—The Office of Infrastructure Protection shall be headed by an Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Protection, who shall be appointed by the President. (c) Discharge of Responsibilities.—The Secretary shall ensure that the responsibilities of the Department relating to information analysis and infrastructure protection, including those described in subsection (d), are carried out through the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis or the Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Protection, as appropriate. (d) Responsibilities of Secretary Relating To Intelligence and Analysis and Infrastructure Protection.—The responsibilities of the Secretary relating to intelligence and analysis and infrastructure protection shall be as follows: (1) To access, receive, and analyze law enforcement information, intelligence information, and other information from agencies of the Federal Government, State and local government agencies (including law enforcement agencies), and private sector entities, and to integrate such information, in support of the mission responsibilities of the Department and the functions of the National Counterterrorism Center established under section 119 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 404o), in order to— (A) identify and assess the nature and scope of terrorist threats to the homeland; (B) detect and identify threats of terrorism against the United States; and (C) understand such threats in light of actual and potential vulnerabilities of the homeland. (2) To carry out comprehensive assessments of the vulnerabilities of the key resources and critical infrastructure of the United States, including the performance of risk assessments to determine the risks posed by particular types of terrorist attacks within the United States (including an assessment of the probability of success of such attacks and the feasibility and potential efficacy of various countermeasures to such attacks). (3) To integrate relevant information, analyses, and vulnerability assessments (whether such information, analyses, or assessments are provided or produced by the Department or others) in order to identify priorities for protective and support measures by the Department, other agencies of the Federal Government, State and local government agencies and authorities, the private sector, and other entities. (4) To ensure, pursuant to section 202, the timely and efficient access by the Department to all information necessary to discharge the responsibilities under this section, including obtaining such information from other agencies of the Federal Government. (5) To develop a comprehensive national plan for securing the key resources and critical infrastructure of the United States, including power production, generation, and distribution systems, information technology and telecommunications systems (including satellites), electronic financial and property record storage and transmission systems, emergency preparedness communications systems, and the physical and technological assets that support such systems. (6) To recommend measures necessary to protect the key resources and critical infrastructure of the United States in coordination with other agencies of the Federal Government and in cooperation with State and local government agencies and authorities, the private sector, and other entities. (7) To review, analyze, and make recommendations for improvements to the policies and procedures governing the sharing of information within the scope of the information sharing environment established under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, and any policies, guidelines, procedures, instructions, or standards established under that section. (8) To disseminate, as appropriate, information analyzed by the Department within the Department, to other agencies of the Federal Government with responsibilities relating to homeland security, and to agencies of State and local governments and private sector entities with such responsibilities in order to assist in the deterrence, prevention, preemption of, or response to, terrorist attacks against the United States. (9) To consult with the Director of National Intelligence and other appropriate intelligence, law enforcement, or other elements of the Federal Government to establish collection priorities and strategies for information, including law enforcement- related information, relating to threats of terrorism against the United States through such means as the representation of the Department in discussions regarding requirements and priorities in the collection of such information. (10) To consult with State and local governments and private sector entities to ensure appropriate exchanges of information, including law enforcement- related information, relating to threats of terrorism against the United States. (11) To ensure that— (A) any material received pursuant to this Act is protected from unauthorized disclosure and handled and used only for the performance of official duties; and (B) any intelligence information under this Act is shared, retained, and disseminated consistent with the authority of the Director of National Intelligence to protect intelligence sources and methods under the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401 et seq.) and related procedures and, as appropriate, similar authorities of the Attorney General concerning sensitive law enforcement information. (12) To request additional information from other agencies of the Federal Government, State and local government agencies, and the private sector relating to threats of terrorism in the United States, or relating to other areas of responsibility assigned by the Secretary, including the entry into cooperative agreements through the Secretary to obtain such information. (13) To establish and utilize, in conjunction with the chief information officer of the Department, a secure communications and information technology infrastructure, including data-mining and other advanced analytical tools, in order to access, receive, and analyze data and information in furtherance of the responsibilities under this section, and to disseminate information acquired and analyzed by the Department, as appropriate. (14) To ensure, in conjunction with the chief information officer of the Department, that any information databases and analytical tools developed or utilized by the Department— (A) are compatible with one another and with relevant information databases of other agencies of the Federal Government; and (B) treat information in such databases in a manner that complies with applicable Federal law on privacy. (15) To coordinate training and other support to the elements and personnel of the Department, other agencies of the Federal Government, and State and local governments that provide information to the Department, or are consumers of information provided by the Department, in order to facilitate the identification and sharing of information revealed in their ordinary duties and the optimal utilization of information received from the Department. (16) To coordinate with elements of the intelligence community and with Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies, and the private sector, as appropriate. (17) To provide intelligence and information analysis and support to other elements of the Department. (18) To coordinate and enhance integration among the intelligence components of the Department, including through strategic oversight of the intelligence activities of such components. (19) To establish the intelligence collection, processing, analysis, and dissemination priorities, policies, processes, standards, guidelines, and procedures for the intelligence components of the Department, consistent with any directions from the President and, as applicable, the Director of National Intelligence. (20) To establish a structure and process to support the missions and goals of the intelligence components of the Department. (21) To ensure that, whenever possible, the Department— (A) produces and disseminates unclassified reports and analytic products based on open- source information; and (B) produces and disseminates such reports and analytic products contemporaneously with reports or analytic products concerning the same or similar information that the Department produced and disseminated in a classified format. (22) To establish within the Office of Intelligence and Analysis an internal continuity of operations plan. (23) Based on intelligence priorities set by the President, and guidance from the Secretary and, as appropriate, the Director of National Intelligence— (A) to provide to the heads of each intelligence component of the Department guidance for developing the budget pertaining to the activities of such component; and (B) to present to the Secretary a recommendation for a consolidated budget for the intelligence components of the Department, together with any comments from the heads of such components. (24) To perform such other duties relating to such responsibilities as the Secretary may provide. (25) To prepare and submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security in the House of Representatives, and to other appropriate congressional committees having jurisdiction over the critical infrastructure or key resources, for each sector identified in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan, a report on the comprehensive assessments carried out by the Secretary of the critical infrastructure and key resources of the United States, evaluating threat, vulnerability, and consequence, as required under this subsection. Each such report— (A) shall contain, if applicable, actions or countermeasures recommended or taken by the Secretary or the head of another Federal agency to address issues identified in the assessments; (B) shall be required for fiscal year 2007 and each subsequent fiscal year and shall be submitted not later than 35 days after the last day of the fiscal year covered by the report; and (C) may be classified. (e) Staff.— (1) In general.—The Secretary shall provide the Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the Office of Infrastructure Protection with a staff of analysts having appropriate expertise and experience to assist such offices in discharging responsibilities under this section. (2) Private sector analysts.—Analysts under this subsection may include analysts from the private sector. (3) Security clearances.—Analysts under this subsection shall possess security clearances appropriate for their work under this section. (f) Detail of Personnel.— (1) In general.—In order to assist the Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the Office of Infrastructure Protection in discharging responsibilities under this section, personnel of the agencies referred to in paragraph (2) may be detailed to the Department for the performance of analytic functions and related duties. (2) Covered agencies.—The agencies referred to in this paragraph are as follows: (A) The Department of State. (B) The Central Intelligence Agency. (C) The Federal Bureau of Investigation. (D) The National Security Agency. (E) The National Imagery and Mapping Agency 1. —————————————————————————————————————- 1 The reference to "National Imagery and Mapping Agency'' in subsection (f)(2)(E) probably should be to "National Geospatial- Intelligence Agency''. Section 931(b)(5) of Public Law 110-417 amends section 201(e)(2) by striking "National Imagery and Mapping Agency'' and inserting "National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency''. The amendment was not executed. —————————————————————————————————————- (F) The Defense Intelligence Agency. (G) Any other agency of the Federal Government that the President considers appropriate. (3) Cooperative agreements.—The Secretary and the head of the agency concerned may enter into cooperative agreements for the purpose of detailing personnel under this subsection. (4) Basis.—The detail of personnel under this subsection may be on a reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis. (g) Functions Transferred.—In accordance with title XV, there shall be transferred to the Secretary, for assignment to the Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the Office of Infrastructure Protection under this section, the functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the following: (1) The National Infrastructure Protection Center of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (other than the Computer Investigations and Operations Section), including the functions of the Attorney General relating thereto. (2) The National Communications System of the Department of Defense, including the functions of the Secretary of Defense relating thereto. (3) The Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office of the Department of Commerce, including the functions of the Secretary of Commerce relating thereto. (4) The National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center of the Department of Energy and the energy security and assurance program and activities of the Department, including the functions of the Secretary of Energy relating thereto. (5) The Federal Computer Incident Response Center of the General Services Administration, including the functions of the Administrator of General Services relating thereto.

* * * * * * *

SEC. 202. [6 U.S.C. 122] ACCESS TO INFORMATION.

(a) In General.— (1) Threat and vulnerability information.—Except as otherwise directed by the President, the Secretary shall have such access as the Secretary considers necessary to all information, including reports, assessments, analyses, and unevaluated intelligence relating to threats of terrorism against the United States and to other areas of responsibility assigned by the Secretary, and to all information concerning infrastructure or other vulnerabilities of the United States to terrorism, whether or not such information has been analyzed, that may be collected, possessed, or prepared by any agency of the Federal Government. (2) Other information.—The Secretary shall also have access to other information relating to matters under the responsibility of the Secretary that may be collected, possessed, or prepared by an agency of the Federal Government as the President may further provide. (b) Manner of Access.—Except as otherwise directed by the President, with respect to information to which the Secretary has access pursuant to this section— (1) the Secretary may obtain such material upon request, and may enter into cooperative arrangements with other executive agencies to provide such material or provide Department officials with access to it on a regular or routine basis, including requests or arrangements involving broad categories of material, access to electronic databases, or both; and (2) regardless of whether the Secretary has made any request or entered into any cooperative arrangement pursuant to paragraph (1), all agencies of the Federal Government shall promptly provide to the Secretary— (A) all reports (including information reports containing intelligence which has not been fully evaluated), assessments, and analytical information relating to threats of terrorism against the United States and to other areas of responsibility assigned by the Secretary; (B) all information concerning the vulnerability of the infrastructure of the United States, or other vulnerabilities of the United States, to terrorism, whether or not such information has been analyzed; (C) all other information relating to significant and credible threats of terrorism against the United States, whether or not such information has been analyzed; and (D) such other information or material as the President may direct. (c) Treatment Under Certain Laws.—The Secretary shall be deemed to be a Federal law enforcement, intelligence, protective, national defense, immigration, or national security official, and shall be provided with all information from law enforcement agencies that is required to be given to the Director of Central Intelligence, under any provision of the following: (1) The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 (Public Law 107- 56). (2) Section 2517(6) of title 18, United States Code. (3) Rule 6(e)(3)(C) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. (d) Access to Intelligence and Other Information.— (1) Access by elements of federal government.— Nothing in this title shall preclude any element of the intelligence community (as that term is defined in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4)), or any other element of the Federal Government with responsibility for analyzing terrorist threat information, from receiving any intelligence or other information relating to terrorism. (2) Sharing of information.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Director of Central Intelligence, shall work to ensure that intelligence or other information relating to terrorism to which the Department has access is appropriately shared with the elements of the Federal Government referred to in paragraph (1), as well as with State and local governments, as appropriate.

SEC. 203. [6 U.S.C. 124] HOMELAND SECURITY ADVISORY SYSTEM.

(a) Requirement.—The Secretary shall administer the Homeland Security Advisory System in accordance with this section to provide advisories or warnings regarding the threat or risk that acts of terrorism will be committed on the homeland to Federal, State, local, and tribal government authorities and to the people of the United States, as appropriate. The Secretary shall exercise primary responsibility for providing such advisories or warnings. (b) Required Elements.—In administering the Homeland Security Advisory System, the Secretary shall— (1) establish criteria for the issuance and revocation of such advisories or warnings; (2) develop a methodology, relying on the criteria established under paragraph (1), for the issuance and revocation of such advisories or warnings; (3) provide, in each such advisory or warning, specific information and advice regarding appropriate protective measures and countermeasures that may be taken in response to the threat or risk, at the maximum level of detail practicable to enable individuals, government entities, emergency response providers, and the private sector to act appropriately; (4) whenever possible, limit the scope of each such advisory or warning to a specific region, locality, or economic sector believed to be under threat or at risk; and (5) not, in issuing any advisory or warning, use color designations as the exclusive means of specifying homeland security threat conditions that are the subject of the advisory or warning.

SEC. 204. [6 U.S.C. 124A] HOMELAND SECURITY INFORMATION SHARING.

(a) Information Sharing.—Consistent with section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), the Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, shall integrate the information and standardize the format of the products of the intelligence components of the Department containing homeland security information, terrorism information, weapons of mass destruction information, or national intelligence (as defined in section 3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))) except for any internal security protocols or personnel information of such intelligence components, or other administrative processes that are administered by any chief security officer of the Department. (b) Information Sharing and Knowledge Management Officers.—For each intelligence component of the Department, the Secretary shall designate an information sharing and knowledge management officer who shall report to the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis regarding coordinating the different systems used in the Department to gather and disseminate homeland security information or national intelligence (as defined in section 3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))). (c) State, Local, and Private-Sector Sources of Information.— (1) Establishment of business processes.—The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis or the Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Protection, as appropriate, shall— (A) establish Department-wide procedures for the review and analysis of information provided by State, local, and tribal governments and the private sector; (B) as appropriate, integrate such information into the information gathered by the Department and other departments and agencies of the Federal Government; and (C) make available such information, as appropriate, within the Department and to other departments and agencies of the Federal Government. (2) Feedback.—The Secretary shall develop mechanisms to provide feedback regarding the analysis and utility of information provided by any entity of State, local, or tribal government or the private sector that provides such information to the Department. (d) Training and Evaluation of Employees.— (1) Training.—The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis or the Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Protection, as appropriate, shall provide to employees of the Department opportunities for training and education to develop an understanding of— (A) the definitions of homeland security information and national intelligence (as defined in section 3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))); and (B) how information available to such employees as part of their duties— (i) might qualify as homeland security information or national intelligence; and (ii) might be relevant to the Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the intelligence components of the Department. (2) Evaluations.—The Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall— (A) on an ongoing basis, evaluate how employees of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the intelligence components of the Department are utilizing homeland security information or national intelligence, sharing information within the Department, as described in this title, and participating in the information sharing environment established under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485); and (B) provide to the appropriate component heads regular reports regarding the evaluations under subparagraph (A).

SEC. 205. [6 U.S.C. 124B] COMPREHENSIVE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY NETWORK ARCHITECTURE.

(a) Establishment.—The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, shall establish, consistent with the policies and procedures developed under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), and consistent with the enterprise architecture of the Department, a comprehensive information technology network architecture for the Office of Intelligence and Analysis that connects the various databases and related information technology assets of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the intelligence components of the Department in order to promote internal information sharing among the intelligence and other personnel of the Department. (b) Comprehensive Information Technology Network Architecture Defined.—The term "comprehensive information technology network architecture'' means an integrated framework for evolving or maintaining existing information technology and acquiring new information technology to achieve the strategic management and information resources management goals of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis.

SEC. 206. [6 U.S.C. 124C] COORDINATION WITH INFORMATION SHARING ENVIRONMENT.

(a) Guidance.—All activities to comply with sections 203, 204, and 205 shall be— (1) consistent with any policies, guidelines, procedures, instructions, or standards established under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485); (2) implemented in coordination with, as appropriate, the program manager for the information sharing environment established under that section; (3) consistent with any applicable guidance issued by the Director of National Intelligence; and (4) consistent with any applicable guidance issued by the Secretary relating to the protection of law enforcement information or proprietary information. (b) Consultation.—In carrying out the duties and responsibilities under this subtitle, the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall take into account the views of the heads of the intelligence components of the Department.

SEC. 207. [6 U.S.C. 124D] INTELLIGENCE COMPONENTS.

Subject to the direction and control of the Secretary, and consistent with any applicable guidance issued by the Director of National Intelligence, the responsibilities of the head of each intelligence component of the Department are as follows: (1) To ensure that the collection, processing, analysis, and dissemination of information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, weapons of mass destruction information, and national intelligence (as defined in section 3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))), are carried out effectively and efficiently in support of the intelligence mission of the Department, as led by the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis. (2) To otherwise support and implement the intelligence mission of the Department, as led by the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis. (3) To incorporate the input of the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis with respect to performance appraisals, bonus or award recommendations, pay adjustments, and other forms of commendation. (4) To coordinate with the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis in developing policies and requirements for the recruitment and selection of intelligence officials of the intelligence component. (5) To advise and coordinate with the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis on any plan to reorganize or restructure the intelligence component that would, if implemented, result in realignments of intelligence functions. (6) To ensure that employees of the intelligence component have knowledge of, and comply with, the programs and policies established by the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis and other appropriate officials of the Department and that such employees comply with all applicable laws and regulations. (7) To perform such other activities relating to such responsibilities as the Secretary may provide.

SEC. 208. [6 U.S.C. 124E] TRAINING FOR EMPLOYEES OF INTELLIGENCE COMPONENTS.

The Secretary shall provide training and guidance for employees, officials, and senior executives of the intelligence components of the Department to develop knowledge of laws, regulations, operations, policies, procedures, and programs that are related to the functions of the Department relating to the collection, processing, analysis, and dissemination of information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, or national intelligence (as defined in section 3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))).

SEC. 209. [6 U.S.C. 124F] INTELLIGENCE TRAINING DEVELOPMENT FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS.

(a) Curriculum.—The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, shall— (1) develop a curriculum for training State, local, and tribal government officials, including law enforcement officers, intelligence analysts, and other emergency response providers, in the intelligence cycle and Federal laws, practices, and regulations regarding the development, handling, and review of intelligence and other information; and (2) ensure that the curriculum includes executive level training for senior level State, local, and tribal law enforcement officers, intelligence analysts, and other emergency response providers. (b) Training.—To the extent possible, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center and other existing Federal entities with the capacity and expertise to train State, local, and tribal government officials based on the curriculum developed under subsection (a) shall be used to carry out the training programs created under this section. If such entities do not have the capacity, resources, or capabilities to conduct such training, the Secretary may approve another entity to conduct such training. (c) Consultation.—In carrying out the duties described in subsection (a), the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall consult with the Director of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, the Attorney General, the Director of National Intelligence, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and other appropriate parties, such as private industry, institutions of higher education, nonprofit institutions, and other intelligence agencies of the Federal Government.

SEC. 210. [6 U.S.C. 124G] INFORMATION SHARING INCENTIVES.

(a) Awards.—In making cash awards under chapter 45 of title 5, United States Code, the President or the head of an agency, in consultation with the program manager designated under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), may consider the success of an employee in appropriately sharing information within the scope of the information sharing environment established under that section, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, or national intelligence (as defined in section 3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5)), in a manner consistent with any policies, guidelines, procedures, instructions, or standards established by the President or, as appropriate, the program manager of that environment for the implementation and management of that environment. (b) Other Incentives.—The head of each department or agency described in section 1016(i) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485(i)), in consultation with the program manager designated under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), shall adopt best practices regarding effective ways to educate and motivate officers and employees of the Federal Government to participate fully in the information sharing environment, including— (1) promotions and other nonmonetary awards; and (2) publicizing information sharing accomplishments by individual employees and, where appropriate, the tangible end benefits that resulted.

SEC. 210A. [6 U.S.C. 124H] DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY STATE, LOCAL, AND REGIONAL FUSION CENTER INITIATIVE.

(a) Establishment.—The Secretary, in consultation with the program manager of the information sharing environment established under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), the Attorney General, the Privacy Officer of the Department, the Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties of the Department, and the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board established under section 1061 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (5 U.S.C. 601 note), shall establish a Department of Homeland Security State, Local, and Regional Fusion Center Initiative to establish partnerships with State, local, and regional fusion centers. (b) Department Support and Coordination.—Through the Department of Homeland Security State, Local, and Regional Fusion Center Initiative, and in coordination with the principal officials of participating State, local, or regional fusion centers and the officers designated as the Homeland Security Advisors of the States, the Secretary shall— (1) provide operational and intelligence advice and assistance to State, local, and regional fusion centers; (2) support efforts to include State, local, and regional fusion centers into efforts to establish an information sharing environment; (3) conduct tabletop and live training exercises to regularly assess the capability of individual and regional networks of State, local, and regional fusion centers to integrate the efforts of such networks with the efforts of the Department; (4) coordinate with other relevant Federal entities engaged in homeland security-related activities; (5) provide analytic and reporting advice and assistance to State, local, and regional fusion centers; (6) review information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, that is gathered by State, local, and regional fusion centers, and to incorporate such information, as appropriate, into the Department's own such information; (7) provide management assistance to State, local, and regional fusion centers; (8) serve as a point of contact to ensure the dissemination of information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information; (9) facilitate close communication and coordination between State, local, and regional fusion centers and the Department; (10) provide State, local, and regional fusion centers with expertise on Department resources and operations; (11) provide training to State, local, and regional fusion centers and encourage such fusion centers to participate in terrorism threat-related exercises conducted by the Department; and (12) carry out such other duties as the Secretary determines are appropriate. (c) Personnel Assignment.— (1) In general.—The Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall, to the maximum extent practicable, assign officers and intelligence analysts from components of the Department to participating State, local, and regional fusion centers. (2) Personnel sources.—Officers and intelligence analysts assigned to participating fusion centers under this subsection may be assigned from the following Department components, in coordination with the respective component head and in consultation with the principal officials of participating fusion centers: (A) Office of Intelligence and Analysis. (B) Office of Infrastructure Protection. (C) Transportation Security Administration. (D) United States Customs and Border Protection. (E) United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement. (F) United States Coast Guard. (G) Other components of the Department, as determined by the Secretary. (3) Qualifying criteria.— (A) In general.—The Secretary shall develop qualifying criteria for a fusion center to participate in the assigning of Department officers or intelligence analysts under this section. (B) Criteria.—Any criteria developed under subparagraph (A) may include— (i) whether the fusion center, through its mission and governance structure, focuses on a broad counterterrorism approach, and whether that broad approach is pervasive through all levels of the organization; (ii) whether the fusion center has sufficient numbers of adequately trained personnel to support a broad counterterrorism mission; (iii) whether the fusion center has— (I) access to relevant law enforcement, emergency response, private sector, open source, and national security data; and (II) the ability to share and analytically utilize that data for lawful purposes; (iv) whether the fusion center is adequately funded by the State, local, or regional government to support its counterterrorism mission; and (v) the relevancy of the mission of the fusion center to the particular source component of Department officers or intelligence analysts. (4) Prerequisite.— (A) Intelligence analysis, privacy, and civil liberties training.—Before being assigned to a fusion center under this section, an officer or intelligence analyst shall undergo— (i) appropriate intelligence analysis or information sharing training using an intelligence-led policing curriculum that is consistent with— (I) standard training and education programs offered to Department law enforcement and intelligence personnel; and (II) the Criminal Intelligence Systems Operating Policies under part 23 of title 28, Code of Federal Regulations (or any corresponding similar rule or regulation); (ii) appropriate privacy and civil liberties training that is developed, supported, or sponsored by the Privacy Officer appointed under section 222 and the Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties of the Department, in consultation with the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board established under section 1061 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (5 U.S.C. 601 note); and (iii) such other training prescribed by the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis. (B) Prior work experience in area.—In determining the eligibility of an officer or intelligence analyst to be assigned to a fusion center under this section, the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall consider the familiarity of the officer or intelligence analyst with the State, locality, or region, as determined by such factors as whether the officer or intelligence analyst— (i) has been previously assigned in the geographic area; or (ii) has previously worked with intelligence officials or law enforcement or other emergency response providers from that State, locality, or region. (5) Expedited security clearance processing.—The Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis— (A) shall ensure that each officer or intelligence analyst assigned to a fusion center under this section has the appropriate security clearance to contribute effectively to the mission of the fusion center; and (B) may request that security clearance processing be expedited for each such officer or intelligence analyst and may use available funds for such purpose. (6) Further qualifications.—Each officer or intelligence analyst assigned to a fusion center under this section shall satisfy any other qualifications the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis may prescribe. (d) Responsibilities.—An officer or intelligence analyst assigned to a fusion center under this section shall— (1) assist law enforcement agencies and other emergency response providers of State, local, and tribal governments and fusion center personnel in using information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, to develop a comprehensive and accurate threat picture; (2) review homeland security-relevant information from law enforcement agencies and other emergency response providers of State, local, and tribal government; (3) create intelligence and other information products derived from such information and other homeland security-relevant information provided by the Department; and (4) assist in the dissemination of such products, as coordinated by the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, to law enforcement agencies and other emergency response providers of State, local, and tribal government, other fusion centers, and appropriate Federal agencies. (e) Border Intelligence Priority.— (1) In general.—The Secretary shall make it a priority to assign officers and intelligence analysts under this section from United States Customs and Border Protection, United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and the Coast Guard to participating State, local, and regional fusion centers located in jurisdictions along land or maritime borders of the United States in order to enhance the integrity of and security at such borders by helping Federal, State, local, and tribal law enforcement authorities to identify, investigate, and otherwise interdict persons, weapons, and related contraband that pose a threat to homeland security. (2) Border intelligence products.—When performing the responsibilities described in subsection (d), officers and intelligence analysts assigned to participating State, local, and regional fusion centers under this section shall have, as a primary responsibility, the creation of border intelligence products that— (A) assist State, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies in deploying their resources most efficiently to help detect and interdict terrorists, weapons of mass destruction, and related contraband at land or maritime borders of the United States; (B) promote more consistent and timely sharing of border security-relevant information among jurisdictions along land or maritime borders of the United States; and (C) enhance the Department's situational awareness of the threat of acts of terrorism at or involving the land or maritime borders of the United States. (f) Database Access.—In order to fulfill the objectives described under subsection (d), each officer or intelligence analyst assigned to a fusion center under this section shall have appropriate access to all relevant Federal databases and information systems, consistent with any policies, guidelines, procedures, instructions, or standards established by the President or, as appropriate, the program manager of the information sharing environment for the implementation and management of that environment. (g) Consumer Feedback.— (1) In general.—The Secretary shall create a voluntary mechanism for any State, local, or tribal law enforcement officer or other emergency response provider who is a consumer of the intelligence or other information products referred to in subsection (d) to provide feedback to the Department on the quality and utility of such intelligence products. (2) Report.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives a report that includes a description of the consumer feedback obtained under paragraph (1) and, if applicable, how the Department has adjusted its production of intelligence products in response to that consumer feedback. (h) Rule of Construction.— (1) In general.—The authorities granted under this section shall supplement the authorities granted under section 201(d) and nothing in this section shall be construed to abrogate the authorities granted under section 201(d). (2) Participation.—Nothing in this section shall be construed to require a State, local, or regional government or entity to accept the assignment of officers or intelligence analysts of the Department into the fusion center of that State, locality, or region. (i) Guidelines.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall establish guidelines for fusion centers created and operated by State and local governments, to include standards that any such fusion center shall— (1) collaboratively develop a mission statement, identify expectations and goals, measure performance, and determine effectiveness for that fusion center; (2) create a representative governance structure that includes law enforcement officers and other emergency response providers and, as appropriate, the private sector; (3) create a collaborative environment for the sharing of intelligence and information among Federal, State, local, and tribal government agencies (including law enforcement officers and other emergency response providers), the private sector, and the public, consistent with any policies, guidelines, procedures, instructions, or standards established by the President or, as appropriate, the program manager of the information sharing environment; (4) leverage the databases, systems, and networks available from public and private sector entities, in accordance with all applicable laws, to maximize information sharing; (5) develop, publish, and adhere to a privacy and civil liberties policy consistent with Federal, State, and local law; (6) provide, in coordination with the Privacy Officer of the Department and the Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties of the Department, appropriate privacy and civil liberties training for all State, local, tribal, and private sector representatives at the fusion center; (7) ensure appropriate security measures are in place for the facility, data, and personnel; (8) select and train personnel based on the needs, mission, goals, and functions of that fusion center; (9) offer a variety of intelligence and information services and products to recipients of fusion center intelligence and information; and (10) incorporate law enforcement officers, other emergency response providers, and, as appropriate, the private sector, into all relevant phases of the intelligence and fusion process, consistent with the mission statement developed under paragraph (1), either through full time representatives or liaison relationships with the fusion center to enable the receipt and sharing of information and intelligence. (j) Definitions.—In this section— (1) the term "fusion center'' means a collaborative effort of 2 or more Federal, State, local, or tribal government agencies that combines resources, expertise, or information with the goal of maximizing the ability of such agencies to detect, prevent, investigate, apprehend, and respond to criminal or terrorist activity; (2) the term "information sharing environment'' means the information sharing environment established under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485); (3) the term "intelligence analyst'' means an individual who regularly advises, administers, supervises, or performs work in the collection, gathering, analysis, evaluation, reporting, production, or dissemination of information on political, economic, social, cultural, physical, geographical, scientific, or military conditions, trends, or forces in foreign or domestic areas that directly or indirectly affect national security; (4) the term "intelligence-led policing'' means the collection and analysis of information to produce an intelligence end product designed to inform law enforcement decision making at the tactical and strategic levels; and (5) the term "terrorism information'' has the meaning given that term in section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485). (k) Authorization of Appropriations.—There is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012, to carry out this section, except for subsection (i), including for hiring officers and intelligence analysts to replace officers and intelligence analysts who are assigned to fusion centers under this section.

SEC. 210B. [6 U.S.C. 124I] HOMELAND SECURITY INFORMATION SHARING FELLOWS PROGRAM.

(a) Establishment.— (1) In general.—The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, and in consultation with the Chief Human Capital Officer, shall establish a fellowship program in accordance with this section for the purpose of— (A) detailing State, local, and tribal law enforcement officers and intelligence analysts to the Department in accordance with subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, to participate in the work of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis in order to become familiar with— (i) the relevant missions and capabilities of the Department and other Federal agencies; and (ii) the role, programs, products, and personnel of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis; and (B) promoting information sharing between the Department and State, local, and tribal law enforcement officers and intelligence analysts by assigning such officers and analysts to— (i) serve as a point of contact in the Department to assist in the representation of State, local, and tribal information requirements; (ii) identify information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, that is of interest to State, local, and tribal law enforcement officers, intelligence analysts, and other emergency response providers; (iii) assist Department analysts in preparing and disseminating products derived from information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, that are tailored to State, local, and tribal law enforcement officers and intelligence analysts and designed to prepare for and thwart acts of terrorism; and (iv) assist Department analysts in preparing products derived from information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, that are tailored to State, local, and tribal emergency response providers and assist in the dissemination of such products through appropriate Department channels. (2) Program name.—The program under this section shall be known as the "Homeland Security Information Sharing Fellows Program''. (b) Eligibility.— (1) In general.—In order to be eligible for selection as an Information Sharing Fellow under the program under this section, an individual shall— (A) have homeland security-related responsibilities; (B) be eligible for an appropriate security clearance; (C) possess a valid need for access to classified information, as determined by the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis; (D) be an employee of an eligible entity; and (E) have undergone appropriate privacy and civil liberties training that is developed, supported, or sponsored by the Privacy Officer and the Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, in consultation with the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board established under section 1061 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (5 U.S.C. 601 note). (2) Eligible entities.—In this subsection, the term "eligible entity'' means— (A) a State, local, or regional fusion center; (B) a State or local law enforcement or other government entity that serves a major metropolitan area, suburban area, or rural area, as determined by the Secretary; (C) a State or local law enforcement or other government entity with port, border, or agricultural responsibilities, as determined by the Secretary; (D) a tribal law enforcement or other authority; or (E) such other entity as the Secretary determines is appropriate. (c) Optional Participation.—No State, local, or tribal law enforcement or other government entity shall be required to participate in the Homeland Security Information Sharing Fellows Program. (d) Procedures for Nomination and Selection.— (1) In general.—The Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall establish procedures to provide for the nomination and selection of individuals to participate in the Homeland Security Information Sharing Fellows Program. (2) Limitations.—The Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall— (A) select law enforcement officers and intelligence analysts representing a broad cross-section of State, local, and tribal agencies; and (B) ensure that the number of Information Sharing Fellows selected does not impede the activities of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis.

SEC. 210C. [6 U.S.C. 124J] RURAL POLICING INSTITUTE.

(a) In General.—The Secretary shall establish a Rural Policing Institute, which shall be administered by the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, to target training to law enforcement agencies and other emergency response providers located in rural areas. The Secretary, through the Rural Policing Institute, shall— (1) evaluate the needs of law enforcement agencies and other emergency response providers in rural areas; (2) develop expert training programs designed to address the needs of law enforcement agencies and other emergency response providers in rural areas as identified in the evaluation conducted under paragraph (1), including training programs about intelligence-led policing and protections for privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties; (3) provide the training programs developed under paragraph (2) to law enforcement agencies and other emergency response providers in rural areas; and (4) conduct outreach efforts to ensure that local and tribal governments in rural areas are aware of the training programs developed under paragraph (2) so they can avail themselves of such programs. (b) Curricula.—The training at the Rural Policing Institute established under subsection (a) shall— (1) be configured in a manner so as not to duplicate or displace any law enforcement or emergency response program of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center or a local or tribal government entity in existence on the date of enactment of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007; and (2) to the maximum extent practicable, be delivered in a cost-effective manner at facilities of the Department, on closed military installations with adequate training facilities, or at facilities operated by the participants. (c) Definition.—In this section, the term "rural'' means an area that is not located in a metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget. (d) Authorization of Appropriations.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section (including for contracts, staff, and equipment)— (1) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and (2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2013.

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