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RECIPES TRIED AND TRUE.

COMPILED BY THE LADIES' AID SOCIETY OF THE FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, MARION, OHIO.

"We may live without poetry, music, and art; We may live without conscience, and live without heart; We may live without friends; we may live without books; But civilized man cannot live without cooks." —OWEN MEREDITH

MARION, OHIO: PRESS OF KELLEY MOUNT. 1894.

Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1894 by the LADIES' AID SOCIETY OF THE FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, MARION, OHIO. In the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington.

To the Mothers, Wives, Sisters and Sweethearts of the Good Men of America this Book is Dedicated by the "TRUE BLUES."

PREFACE.

Although in putting forth this little book we do not claim that we are filling a "Long felt want," yet we do feel that its many tried and true recipes from our own housekeepers will be very welcome. We also believe that it will not only be welcomed by those who recognize the names and merits of the various contributors, but by all housekeepers, young and old. There can never be too many helps for those who, three times a day, must meet and answer the imperative question, "What shall we eat?"

To the many who have helped so willingly in the compilation of this book, the Editorial Committee would extend a grateful acknowledgment.

For the literary part of the work, we would beg your indulgence, since for each of us it is the first venture in the making of a book.



MENUS.

"All the labor of man is for his mouth, And yet the appetite is not filled." —SOLOMON.



SUNDAY BREAKFAST (WINTER). MRS. T. H. LINSLEY.

Oat Meal. Boston Brown Bread. Boston Baked Beans. Coffee.



PLAIN DINNER. EUGENE DE WOLFE.

Tomato Soup. Boiled Fish. Lemon Sauce. Roast Lamb. Mint Sauce. Stewed Tomatoes. Sweet Potatoes. Spanish Cream. Coffee.



PLAIN DINNER. EUGENE DE WOLFE.

Bouillon. Boiled Spring Chicken. New Potatoes. New Peas. Lettuce, Mayonnaise Dressing. Rhubarb Pie. Cheese. Crackers. Coffee.



OLD-FASHIONED THANKSGIVING DINNER. GAIL HAMILTON.

Roast Turkey, Oyster Dressing. Cranberry Sauce. Mashed Potatoes. Baked Corn. Olives. Peaches. Pumpkin Pie. Mince Pie. Fruit. Cheese. Coffee.



FAMILY DINNERS FOR A WEEK IN SUMMER. OZELLA SEFFNER.

Sunday.

Green Corn Soup. Salmon and Green Peas. Roast Beef. Tomatoes. New Potatoes. Strawberry Ice Cream. Cake. Coffee. Iced Tea.

Monday.

Lamb Chops. Mint Sauce. Potatoes. Escaloped Onions. Cucumber Salad. Orange Pudding.

Tuesday.

Veal Soup. Fried Chicken. Green Peas. Rice Croquettes. Strawberries and Cream.

Wednesday.

Broiled Beef Steak. Potato Croquettes. String Beans. Tomato Salad. Fruit Jelly. Cream Pie.

Thursday.

Potato Soup. Roast Veal. Baked Potatoes. Beet Salad. Asparagus. Strawberry Shortcake.

Friday.

Boiled Fish. Egg Sauce. Lamb Chops. Peas. Escaloped Potatoes. Lettuce, Mayonnaise. Raspberry Iced Tea.

Saturday.

Chicken Pot Pie, with Dumplings. Spinach. Cucumber Salad. Radishes. Lemonade.



PLAIN FAMILY DINNERS FOR A WEEK IN WINTER. OZELLA SEFFNER.

Sunday.

Cracker-Ball Soup. Roast Beef and Yorkshire Pudding. Creamed Potatoes. Celery. Mince Pie. Apricot Ice Cream. Cheese. Coffee or Chocolate.

Monday.

Cold Roast Beef. Mashed Potatoes. Cabbage Slaw. Pickles. Plain Plum Pudding. Cheese. Tea.

Tuesday.

Tomato Soup. Leg of Mutton. Caper Sauce. Baked Potatoes. Stewed Turnips. Apple Pudding. Coffee or Tea.

Wednesday.

Lemon Bouillon. Baked Fish, with Drawn Butter. Roast Chicken. Potatoes. Boiled Onions. Pickles or Olives. Cottage Pudding.

Thursday.

Roast Beef Soup. Stewed Tomatoes. Mashed Potatoes. Boiled Rice. Turnips. Troy Pudding. Egg Sauce.

Friday.

Corn Soup. Chicken Pie. French Peas. Stewed Potatoes. Cream Slaw. Suet Pudding.

Saturday.

Boiled Corn Beef, with Vegetables. Pork and Beans. Pickles. Indian Pudding. Cream Sauce.



BREAKFASTS. Fall and Winter.



OZELLA SEFFNER.

1. Melon. Fried Mush. Fried Oysters. Potatoes. Rolls. Coffee or Cocoa.

2. Melon or Fruit. Graham Cakes. Maple Syrup. New Pickles. Broiled Steak. Corn Oysters. Coffee or Cocoa.

3. Melon or Fruit. Fried Oat Meal Mush. Syrup. Bacon, Dipped in Eggs. Fried Potatoes. Coffee.

4. Oranges. Warm Biscuit. Jelly. Broiled Oysters on Toast. Rice Balls. Coffee.

5. Oranges. Mackerel. Fried Potatoes. Ham Toast. Muffins.

6. Breakfast Bacon. Corn Griddle Cakes. Syrup. Boiled Eggs. Baked Potatoes.



Spring and Summer.



1. Fruit. Muffins. Ham. Eggs. Radishes. Onions. Coffee.

2. Fruit. Light Biscuit. Breakfast Bacon. Scrambled Eggs. Fried Potatoes. Coffee.

3. Fruit. Corn Meal Muffins. Veal Cutlets. French Toast. Radishes. New Onions. Coffee.

4. Strawberries. Lamb Chops. Cream Potatoes. Graham Muffins. Coffee.

5. Raspberries. Oat Meal and Cream. Sweet Breads. Sliced Tomatoes. Hamburg Steak. Fried Potatoes. Coffee.

6. Berries. Breakfast Bacon, Dipped in Butter and Fried. Sliced Tomatoes. Baked Potatoes. Muffins. Coffee.



A FEW PLAIN DINNERS. GAIL HAMILTON.

1. Tomato Soup. Cranberry Sauce. Roast Pork, with Dressing. Potatoes. Peas.

DESSERT—Fruit and Cake. Coffee.

2. Vegetable Soup. Beef Steak and Gravy. Macaroni, with Cheese.

DESSERT—Cake and Lemon Pudding. Coffee.

3. Clam Soup. Boiled Chicken. Potatoes. Lettuce, Mayonnaise Dressing.

DESSERT—Strawberry Shortcake, with Strawberry Sauce. Coffee. Crackers. Cheese.



SOUP.

"A hasty plate of soup"



PREFACE.

The best soups are made with a blending of many flavors. Don't be afraid of experimenting with them. Where you make one mistake you will be surprised to find the number of successful varieties you can produce. If you like a spicy flavor, try two or three cloves, or allspice, or bay leaves. All soups are improved by a dash of onion, unless it is the white soups, or purees from chicken, veal, fish, etc. In these celery may be used.

In nothing so well as soups can a housekeeper be economical of the odds and ends of food left from meals. One of the best cooks was in the habit of saving everything, and announced one day, when her soup was especially praised, that it contained the crumbs of gingerbread from her cake box!

Creamed onions left from a dinner, or a little stewed corn or tomatoes, potatoes fried or mashed, a few baked beans—even a small dish of apple sauce—have often added to the flavor of soup. Of course, all good meat gravies, or bones from roast or fried meats, can be added to the contents of your stock kettle. A little butter is always needed in tomato soup.

Stock is regularly prepared by taking fresh meat (cracking the bones and cutting the meat into small pieces) and covering it with cold water. Put it over the fire and simmer or boil gently until the meat is very tender. Some cooks say, allow an hour for each pound of meat. Be sure to skim carefully. When done take out meat and strain your liquid. It will frequently jelly, and will keep in a cold place for several days, and is useful for gravies, as well as soups.



A FINE SOUP. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Take good soup stock and strain it. When it boils add cracker balls, made thus: To one pint of cracker crumbs add a pinch of salt and pepper, one teaspoonful parsley, cut fine, one teaspoonful baking powder, mixed with the crumbs, one small dessert spoon of butter, one egg; stir all together; make into balls size of a marble; place on platter to dry for about two hours; when ready to serve your soup put them into the stock; boil five minutes.



ROAST BEEF SOUP. MRS. W. C. BUTCHER

To a good loin roast add six tablespoons of vinegar and small piece of butter; salt and pepper; stick six cloves in the roast; sprinkle two tablespoons of cinnamon and sift one cup of flour over it. Put in oven in deep pan or kettle with a quart of boiling water; roast until it is about half done and then strain over it three-fourths of a can of tomatoes; finish roasting it and when done add celery-salt to suit the taste, and one cup of sweet cream and some catsup, if preferred.



BEAN SOUP. MRS. H. F. SNYDER.

To one quart of beans add one teaspoon of soda, cover with water, let boil until the hulls will slip off, skim the beans out, throw them into cold water, rub with the hands, then remove the hulls; drain, and rub until all hulls are removed; take two quarts of water to one quart of beans, boil until the beans will mash smooth; boil a small piece of meat with the beans. If you have no meat, rub butter and flour together, add to the soup, pour over toasted bread or crackers, and season with salt and pepper. Add a little parsley, if desired.



BOUILLON. MRS. W. C. DENMAN.

Take three pounds of lean beef (cut into small pieces) and one soup bone; cover with three quarts of cold water, and heat slowly. Add one tablespoon of salt, six pepper corns, six cloves, one tablespoon mixed herbs, one or two onions, and boil slowly five hours. Strain, and when cold, remove the fat. Heat again before serving, and season with pepper, salt, and Worcester sauce, according to taste.



LEMON BOUILLON. LOUISE KRAUSE.

A DELICATE SOUP.—Take soup meat, put on to cook in cold water; boil until very tender; season with salt. Into each soup plate slice very fine one hard boiled egg and two or three very thin slices of lemon. Strain the meat broth over this and serve hot, with crackers.



CORN SOUP. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.

Cover a soup bone with water, and boil one hour. Add some cabbage and onion (cut fine). Boil two hours longer. Add twelve ears of grated sweet corn. Season to taste.



NOODLE SOUP. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Beat three eggs. Add a pinch of salt, and flour sufficient for a stiff dough; roll into very thin sheets; dredge with flour to avoid sticking; turn often until dry enough to cut; cut very fine, and add to the stock five minutes before serving. Season to taste.



OYSTER STEW. MRS. J. ED. THOMAS.

Wash one quart oysters and place on the fire. When they boil, add one quart of boiling milk, and season with salt, pepper, and plenty of butter. Serve with crackers or toast.



POTATO SOUP. MRS. T. H. LINSLEY.

Slice four ordinary-sized potatoes into one quart of boiling water. When done add one quart milk; into this slice one onion. Thicken just before serving with one egg rubbed into as much flour as it will moisten. Pepper and salt to taste.



POTATO SOUP. MRS. U. F. SEFFNER.

After stewing veal, use the stock. Slice four or five potatoes very thin; lay them in cold water until thirty minutes before serving; add them to the stock, with sufficient salt and pepper. Beat one tablespoon of butter and one tablespoon of flour to cream; add to this one pint milk; stir in the soup just before serving. This can be made without meat by adding more butter and milk.



TOMATO SOUP. MRS. R. H. JOHNSON.

Take half a can, or six large fresh tomatoes; stew until you can pass through a course sieve. Rub one tablespoonful of butter to a cream with one tablespoonful flour or corn starch. Have ready a pint scalded milk, into which stir one-half saltspoon soda. Put the strained tomato into the soup pot; add the butter and flour, after having heated them to almost frying point; let come to a good boil; add just before serving; season with a little pepper, a lump of loaf sugar, a dust of mace and a teaspoon of salt.



TOMATO SOUP. MRS. HARRY TRUE.

One quart canned tomatoes, one quart of water, a few stalks of celery; boil until soft. Return to stove, and add three-fourths of a teaspoon of soda and allow to effervesce; then add the liquid from one quart of oysters, one quart boiling milk and one cup of cream. Salt, butter, and pepper to taste. Boil a few moments and serve.



TOMATO SOUP. MRS. T. H. B. BEALE

Put on soup bone early to boil. Have two quarts of liquor on the bone. When done, remove the bone from kettle; put one can of tomatoes through sieve; add to the liquor; then immediately add one-half teaspoon soda, a small lump butter, one tablespoon white sugar, one heaping tablespoon of flour mixed with a half cup of cream or milk; salt and pepper to taste. After the flour is in let boil up three times, and serve.



VEGETABLE SOUP. MRS. J. S. REED.

One-fourth head cabbage, three large onions, one turnip, three large potatoes, two tablespoons cooked beans; boil all together till tender. Pour off all water; then add one gallon of stock. Add tomatoes, if you like.



VEAL SOUP. MRS. SAMUEL BARTRAM.

Put a veal soup bone over the fire in one gallon of cold water; skim carefully as it comes to a boil; after it has boiled one hour season it with salt and pepper and half teaspoonful (scant) celery seed. In another half hour put in one-half cup rice, one medium-sized potato (cut in dice or thin slices), two good-sized onions (sliced fine); let boil one-half hour longer, and when ready to serve add one egg (well-beaten), one-half cup milk, one tablespoon flour; let come to a boil, and serve.



VEGETABLE SOUP. MRS. G. A. LIVINGSTON.

Three onions, three carrots, three turnips, one small cabbage, one pint tomatoes. Chop all the vegetables, except the tomatoes, very fine. Have ready in a porcelain kettle three quarts boiling water; put in all except tomatoes and cabbage; simmer for one-half hour; then add the chopped cabbage and tomatoes (the tomatoes previously stewed); also a bunch of sweet herbs. Let soup boil for twenty minutes; strain through a sieve, rubbing all the vegetables through. Take two tablespoonfuls butter, one tablespoon flour; beat to cream. Pepper and salt to taste, and add a teaspoon of white sugar; one-half cup sweet cream, if you have it; stir in butter and flour; let it boil up, and it is ready for the table. Serve with fried bread chips or poached eggs, one in each dish.



FISH AND OYSTERS.

"Now good digestion, wait on appetite, And health on both." —MACBETH.



ACCOMPANIMENTS OF FISH. MRS. DELL WEBSTER DE WOLFE.

With boiled fresh mackerel, gooseberries, stewed.

With boiled blue fish, white cream sauce and lemon sauce.

With boiled shad, mushroom, parsley and egg sauce.

Lemon makes a very grateful addition to nearly all the insipid members of the fish tribe. Slices of lemon cut into very small dice, stirred into drawn butter and allowed to come to a boiling point, is a very fine accompaniment.



RULE FOR SELECTING FISH.

If the gills are red, the eyes full, and the whole fish firm and stiff, they are fresh and good; if, on the contrary, the gills are pale, the eyes sunken, the flesh flabby, they are stale.



BAKED FISH.

Take large white fish or pickerel, make a dressing as for turkey, with the addition of one egg and a little onion; fill the fish, wrap close with twine, lay in baking pan; put in one-half pint of water, small lumps of butter and dredge with flour. Bake from three-fourths to one hour, basting carefully.



CODFISH WITH EGG. MRS. E. P. TRUE.

Wash codfish; shred fine with fingers (never cut or chop it); pour cold water over it. Place the dish on the stove and bring the water to a boil. Throw the fish in a colander and drain. Stir a teaspoonful of flour smoothly with water; add two tablespoonfuls of butter and a little pepper; bring to a boil; then throw in the codfish, with a well-beaten egg. When it boils up it is ready for table.



CODFISH WITH CREAM. MRS. E. P. TRUE.

Take a piece of codfish six inches square; soak twelve hours in soft, cold water; shred fine with the fingers; boil a few moments in fresh water. Take one-half pint cream and a little butter; stir into this two large tablespoonfuls flour, smoothly blended in a little cold water; pour over the fish; add one egg, well beaten. Let come to a boil; season with black pepper.



SLIVERED CODFISH.

Sliver the codfish fine; pour on boiling water; drain it off; add butter and a little pepper. Heat three or four minutes, but do not let fry.



CODFISH BALLS. MRS. T. H. LINSLEY.

One pint shredded codfish, two quarts mashed potatoes, well seasoned with butter and pepper—salt, if necessary. Make this mixture into balls. After dipping them into a mixture of two eggs beaten with one-half cup milk, place them in a dripping pan into which you have put a little butter; place them in the oven; baste frequently with eggs and milk; bake till a golden brown.



FRIED FISH. MRS. J. S. REED.

Wash the fish and dry well. Take one-half pint of flour and one teaspoon salt; sift together, and roll the fish in it. Have lard very hot, and fry quickly. When done roll in a cloth to absorb all grease.



OYSTERS ON TOAST. MRS. JOHN KISHLER.

Toast and butter a few slices of bread; lay them in a shallow dish. Put the liquor from the oysters on to heat; add salt, pepper, and thicken with a little flour. Just before this boils add the oysters. Let it all boil up once, and pour over the toast.



ESCALOPED OYSTERS. EVELYN GAILEY.

Two quarts of oysters; wash them and drain off the liquor; roll some crackers (not too fine). Put in a pan a layer of crumbs, some bits of butter, a little pepper and salt; then a layer of oysters, and repeat until the dish is full. Have cracker crumbs on top; turn a cup of oyster liquor over it; add good sweet milk sufficient to thoroughly saturate it, and bake three-fourths of an hour.



STEAMED OYSTERS. S. E. G.

Select large oysters; drain; put on a plate; place in the steamer over a kettle of boiling water. About twenty minutes will cook them. Season with pepper and salt; serve on soft buttered toast.



OYSTER GUMBO. ALICE TURNEY THOMPSON.

Cut up a chicken; roll in flour and brown well in a soup-pot, with a spoonful of lard, two slices of ham, one large onion (chopped fine), and a good-sized red pepper. When browned, cover the whole with water and stew until the chicken is perfectly tender. Then add the liquor of four or five dozen oysters, with water enough to make four quarts. When it has again come to a good boil, add the oysters and stir while sifting in one large spoonful of fresh file. Salt to taste. Serve immediately, placing a large spoonful of boiled rice in each soup plate.

"Gumbo File" is made of the red sassafras leaves, dried and ground into a powder.



OYSTER PIE. MRS. ECKHART.

Make a rich pie crust, and proceed as you would to make any pie with top crust. Have nice fat oysters and put on a thick layer, with plenty of lumps of butter; salt and pepper, and sprinkle over cracker crumbs. Put in the least bit of water, and cover with crust. Bake, and serve with turkey.



OYSTER PIE. MRS. EMMA OGIER.

For crust make a dough as for baking powder biscuit. Take one quart of oysters; remove a half dozen good-sized ones into a saucepan; put the rest into bottom of your baking dish. Add four spoons of milk; salt to taste, and dot closely with small lumps of butter. Over this put your crust, about as thick as for chicken pie, and place in oven to bake until crust is well done. Take the oyster left, add one-half cup water, some butter, salt and pepper; let this come to a boil; thicken with flour and milk, and serve as gravy with the pie.



FRIED OYSTERS. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.

Place New York counts in a colander to drain for a few minutes. With a fork remove them separately to a dry towel. Place another towel over them, allowing them to remain until all moisture is absorbed. Have ready the beaten yolks of three eggs and a quantity of rolled cracker, salted and peppered. Dip each oyster separately, first into egg, then into cracker. When all have been thus dipped, have ready a hot spider, into which drop four heaping tablespoons of butter. When butter is melted, place in the oysters, one by one; fry a light brown, then turn. Serve very hot.



PIGS IN BLANKET. FRED. LINSLEY.

Take extra select oysters and very thin slices of nice bacon. Season the oysters with a little salt and pepper. Roll each oyster in a slice of bacon; pin together with a toothpick; roast over hot coals, either laid on a broiler, or fasten them on a meat fork and hold over the coals. Cook until the bacon is crisp and brown. Don't remove the toothpick. Serve hot.



SOUR FISH. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Take a whole fish; stew until tender in salt water; take out, lay on platter. Throw a handful of raisins in the salt water and a few whole cloves, allspice, stick cinnamon, with vinegar enough to give a sour taste, and a tablespoonful of sugar. Thicken with flour to the consistency of gravy; pour over fish. Serve cold. Fish may be served with mayonnaise dressing, cooked in same manner.



SALT HERRING. MRS. JUDGE B.

Heat them on gridiron; remove the skin and serve with pepper and melted butter.



SALMON LOAF. MARGARET LEONARD.

One small can salmon, four eggs beaten light, four tablespoons melted butter—not hot—one half cup fine bread crumbs. Season with salt, pepper, and parsley. Chop fish fine, then rub in butter till smooth. Beat crumbs into egg and season before putting with fish. Butter your mold and steam one hour.

SAUCE FOR SAME.—One cup of milk, heated to a boil; thicken with one tablespoon of corn starch and one tablespoon of butter, beaten together. Put in the liquor from the salmon and one raw egg, beaten light; add a little pepper. Put the egg in last, and carefully pour over loaf; Serve hot.



SAUCE FOR FISH.

Stir in one cup of drawn butter, the yolks of two eggs (well beaten), pepper and salt, and a few sprigs of parsley. Let it boil. Pour over fish when ready to serve.



SOUR SAUCE FOR FISH.

One-half cup butter, with one-half cup vinegar; let boil, then add two mustardspoonfuls of prepared mustard, a little salt, and one egg, beaten together. Make in the farina kettle. Stir while cooking.



BROILED OYSTERS.

Place good-sized oysters on pie plates; sprinkle well with flour, small lumps of butter, pepper and salt. Cover with strained liquor and a little cold water. Set in a warm oven fifteen or twenty minutes. Nice to serve with turkey.



OVEN FRIED FISH. MRS. JANE E. WALLACE.

Open and clean fish (white or bass). Have fish pan spread thick with butter, and lay fish in. Season with salt. Over this pour two well-beaten eggs, and dredge with flour. Bake three-quarters of an hour, and baste with butter and water. Garnish fish plate with parsley.



ESCALOPED SALMON. CARRIE P. WALLACE.

Pick bones and skin out of one can of salmon, and mince fine. Use as much rolled cracker as you have salmon, a little salt, and cup of cream. Fill sea shells with this mixture, placing a small piece of butter on top of each shell. Bake twenty minutes and serve in the shells.



FOWL AND GAME.

"And then to breakfast with what appetite you have." —SHAKESPEARE.

ACCOMPANIMENTS FOR FOWLS.

With boiled fowls, bread sauce, onion sauce, lemon sauce, cranberry sauce, jellies, and cream sauce.

With roast turkey, cranberry sauce, currant jelly.

With boiled turkey, oyster sauce.

With wild ducks, cucumber sauce, currant jelly, or cranberry sauce.

With roast goose or venison, grape jelly, or cranberry sauce.



A GOOD WAY TO COOK CHICKEN. MRS. R. H. JOHNSON.

Fricassee your chicken, taking care to brown the skin nicely; season to taste. When done set by to cool; then remove all the bones; put back into the liquor in which it was cooked; chop fine, leaving in all the oil of the fowl. If not enough of the oil, add a piece of butter; then pack closely in a dish as you wish it to go to the table.



DROP DUMPLINGS FOR VEAL OR CHICKEN. MRS. R. H. JOHNSON.

One full pint of sifted flour, two even teaspoonfuls of yeast powder, and a little salt. Wet this with enough milk or water to drop from spoon in a ball; remove your meat or chicken; drop in the balls of dough; cook five minutes in the liquor; place around the edge of platter, with the chicken or meat in center; season the liquor and pour over it.



JELLIED CHICKEN. MRS. R. H. J.

Boil the fowl until the meat will slip easily from the bones; reduce the water to one pint. Pick the meat from the bones in good-sized pieces; leave out all the fat and gristle, and place in a wet mold. Skim all the fat from the liquor; add one-half box of gelatine, a little butter, pepper and salt. When the gelatine is dissolved, pour all over the chicken while hot. Season well. Serve cold, cut in slices.



FRIED CHICKEN. MRS. J. ED. THOMAS.

Kill the fowls the night before; clean, cut and set on ice until needed the next day. Flour and sprinkle with salt and pepper; pour boiling water over it, and stew three-quarters of an hour. Add sufficient butter to fry a light brown.



CHICKEN PIE.

Take a pair of young, tender chickens and cut them into neat joints. Lay them in a deep pudding-dish, arranging them so that the pile shall be higher in the middle than at the sides. Reserve the pinions of the wings, the necks, and the feet, scalding the latter and scraping off the skin. Make small forcemeat balls of fine bread crumbs seasoned with pepper, salt, parsley, a suspicion of grated lemon peel, and a raw egg. Make this into little balls with the hands, and lay them here and there in the pie. Pour in a cupful of cold water, cover the pie with a good crust, making a couple of cuts in the middle of this, and bake in a steady oven for an hour and a quarter. Lay a paper over the pie if it should brown too quickly. Soak a tablespoonful of gelatine for an hour in enough cold water to cover it. Make a gravy of the wings, feet, and necks of the fowls, seasoning it highly; dissolve the gelatine in this, and when the pie is done pour this gravy into it through a small funnel inserted in the opening in the top. The pie should not be cut until it is cold. This is nice for picnics.



CHICKEN PIE. MRS. M. A. MOORHEAD.

Stew the chicken until tender. Line a pan with crust made as you would baking powder biscuit. Alternate a layer of chicken and pieces of the crust until the pan is filled; add a little salt and pepper to each layer; fill with the broth in which the chicken was cooked; bake until the crust is done. If you bake the bottom crust before filling, it will only be necessary to bake until the top crust is done. A layer of stewed chicken and a layer of oysters make a delicious pie. Use the same crust.



DROP DUMPLINGS FOR STEWED CHICKEN. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Stew chicken and make a rich gravy with milk or cream. Pour off a part into a separate vessel and thin with water; let it boil, then drop in dumplings made with this proportion: One quart flour, a little salt, one egg, two teaspoonfuls baking powder, and milk to make a stiff batter. Stir, and drop from spoon into boiling gravy. Cover, and let boil gently for five minutes. Try them with a fork. They must be perfectly dry inside when done. Serve with the chicken.



CHICKEN ON BISCUIT. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.

Have prepared for cooking a nice fat fowl about a year old; season with pepper and salt, and boil two hours, or until very tender. When done there should be a quart of broth. If there is not that quantity, boiling water should be added. Beat together very smoothly two heaping tablespoonfuls of flour with the yolk of one egg and one-third pint of cold water; add this to broth, stirring briskly all the time; add one tablespoonful of butter. Have ready a pan of hot biscuit; break them open and lay halves on platter, crust down; pour chicken and gravy over biscuit, and serve immediately .



ROAST TURKEY. MRS. J. F. MC NEAL.

Prepare the dressing as follows: Three coffeecups of bread crumbs, made very fine; one teaspoonful salt, half teaspoonful pepper, one tablespoonful powdered sage, one teacup melted butter, one egg; mix all together thoroughly. With this dressing stuff the body and breast, and sew with a strong thread. Take two tablespoonfuls of melted butter, two of flour; mix to a paste. Rub the turkey with salt and pepper; then spread the paste over the entire fowl, with a few thin slices of sweet bacon. Roll the fowl loosely in a piece of clean linen or muslin; tie it up; put it in the oven, and baste every fifteen minutes till done. Remove cloth a few moments before taking turkey from oven. A young turkey requires about two hours; an old one three or four hours. This can be tested with fork. Thicken the drippings with two tablespoonfuls of browned flour, mixed with one cup sweet cream.

OYSTER SAUCE TO BE USED WITH THE TURKEY.—Take one quart of oysters; put them into stew pan; add half cup butter; pepper and salt to taste; cover closely; let come to a boil, and serve with the turkey and dressing.



TURKEY AND DRESSING. MRS. U. F. SEFFNER.

A good-sized turkey should be baked two and one-half or three hours, very slowly at first. Turkey one year old is considered best. See that it is well cleaned and washed. Salt and pepper it inside. Take one and a half loaves of stale bread (bakers preferred) and crumble fine. Put into frying pan a lump of butter the size of an egg; cut into this one white onion; cook a few moments, but do not brown. Stir into this the bread, with one teaspoon of salt and one of pepper; let it heat thoroughly; fill the turkey; put in roaster; salt and pepper the outside; dredge with flour and pour over one cup water.



BONED TURKEY. MRS. R. H. J.

Boil a turkey in as little water as possible until the bones can be easily separated from the meat; remove all the skin; slice, mixing together the light and dark parts; season with salt and pepper. Take the liquor in which the fowl was boiled, having kept it warm; pour it on the meat; mix well; shape it like a loaf of bread; wrap in a cloth and press with a heavy weight for a few hours. Cut in thin slices when served.



ROAST DUCKS AND GEESE.

Use any filling you prefer; season with sage and onion, chopped fine; Salt and pepper. (You can use this seasoning with mashed potatoes for a stuffing). Young ducks should roast from twenty-five to thirty minutes; full grown ones for two hours. Baste frequently. Serve with currant jelly, apple sauce and green peas. If the fowls are old parboil before roasting.



APPLE STUFFING. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Take one-half pint of apple sauce (unsweetened); add one half cup or more of bread crumbs, some powdered sage, a little chopped onion, and season with cayenne pepper. Delicious for roast geese, ducks, etc.



CHESTNUT DRESSING. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Boil the chestnuts and shell them; blanch them, and boil until soft; mix with bread crumbs and sweet cream; salt and pepper; one cup raisins. Excellent dressing for turkey.



PLAIN STUFFING.

Take stale bread; cut off the crust; rub very fine, and pour over it as much melted butter as will make it crumble in your hand. Salt and pepper to taste. To this you can add one good-sized onion (chopped fine), a cup of raisins, or a little sage.



OYSTER DRESSING.

Make dressing same as above plain stuffing; add one egg and one-half can drained oysters. Strain the oyster liquor and use for basting the fowl.



A GOOD SAUCE FOR BIRDS OR VENISON.

Chop an onion fine, and boil it in milk; when done, add the gravy from the game, and thicken with pounded cracker.



POTTED PIGEONS OR BIRDS.

Pick, soak, and boil the birds with the same care as for roasting. Make a crust as for chicken pie; lay the birds in whole, and season with pepper, salt, bits of butter, and a little sweet marjoram; flour them thickly; then strain the water in which they were boiled, and fill up the vessel two-thirds full with it; cover with the crust; cut hole in the center. Bake one hour and a half.



PIGEONS AND PARTRIDGES.

These may be boiled or roasted the same as chickens, only cover the breasts with thin slices of bacon; when nearly done, remove the bacon, dredge with flour, and baste with butter. They will cook in half an hour.



RABBITS. MRS. ECKHART.

Rabbits, which are best in mid-winter, may be fricasseed, like chicken, in white or brown sauce. Rabbit pie is made like chicken pie. To roast a rabbit, stuff with a dressing made of bread crumbs, chopped salt pork, thyme, onion, pepper and salt; sew up; rub over with a little butter, or pin on a few slices of salt pork; add a little water, and baste often. Rabbits may be fried as you would steak, and served with a sour sauce made like a brown flour gravy, with half a cup of vinegar added; pour over the fried rabbit, and serve it with mashed potatoes.



MEATS.

"What say you to a piece of beef and mustard?" —SHAKESPEARE.

ACCOMPANIMENTS. MRS. DELL DE WOLFE.

With roast beef, tomato sauce, grated horseradish, mustard, cranberry sauce, pickles.

With roast pork, apple sauce and cranberry sauce.

With roast veal, tomato sauce, mushroom sauce, onion sauce, or lemon sauce.

With roast mutton, currant jelly, caper sauce, bread sauce, onion sauce.

With roast lamb, mint sauce, green peas.



TO BOIL MEATS.

For all meats allow from fifteen to twenty minutes for each pound. Skim well. All fresh meats are to be put into boiling water to cook; salt meats into cold water. Keep the water constantly boiling, otherwise the meat will absorb the water. Be sure to add boiling water if more is needed. The more gently meat boils the more tender it will be.



TO BROIL MEATS.

In broiling all meats, you must remember that the surface should not be cut or broken any more than is absolutely necessary; that the meat should be exposed to a clear, quick fire, close enough to sear the surface without burning, in order to confine all its juices; if it is approached slowly to a poor fire, or seasoned before it is cooked, it will be comparatively dry and tasteless, as both of these processes are useful only to extract and waste those precious juices which contain nearly all the nourishing properties of the meat.



BEEFSTEAK. MR. GEORGE B. CHRISTIAN.

The chief secret in preparing the family steak lies in selection. Like cooking the hare, you must first catch it. Choose a thick cut from the sirloin of a mature, well fatted beeve, avoiding any having dark yellow fat. Detach a portion of the narrow end and trim off any adhering inner skin. Place the steak upon a hot spider, and quickly turn it. Do this frequently and rapidly until it is thoroughly seared, without burning. It may now be cooked to any degree without releasing the juices. Serve upon a hot platter. Pour over a scant dressing of melted butter. Season. Whosoever partakes will never become a vegetarian.



STUFFED BEEFSTEAK. E. H. W.

Take a flank or round steak and pound well; sprinkle with pepper and salt. Make a plain dressing; spread it on the steak; roll it up; tie closely, and put in a skillet with a little water and a lump of butter the size of an egg; cover closely and let it boil slowly one hour; then let it brown in skillet, basting frequently. When done, dredge a little flour into the gravy, and pour over the meat.



TO FRY STEAK. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.

Have a nice tenderloin or porterhouse steak, one inch and half in thickness, well hacked. Over this sprinkle salt, pepper, and a little flour. Have ready a very hot spider. Into this drop plenty of good, sweet butter (a quarter of a pound is not too much); when thoroughly melted, lay in the meat; turn frequently. While cooking, make many openings in the steak to allow the butter to pass through. When done, place on a hot platter and serve immediately.



BEEFSTEAK AND ONIONS. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.

Have a steak well hacked; over this sprinkle pepper, salt, and a little flour. Into a very hot spider drop one teaspoonful of lard; when melted, lay in steak; pour over this two tablespoons boiling water, and cover steak with four good-sized onions, sliced very thin. Cover quickly and cook five minutes; then turn all over together, and cook five minutes longer. Care should be taken that the onions do not turn. Take up on hot platter; place onions on top of meat, and serve immediately.



BEEFSTEAK AND MUSHROOMS. CALEB H. NORRIS.

Put the steak on to fry, with a little butter. At the same time put the mushrooms on in a different skillet, with the water from the can and one-half cup extra; season with pepper and salt, and thicken with a tablespoonful of flour. Take the steak out, leaving the gravy, into which put the mushrooms, cook for a few minutes, and pour all over the steak.



BEEF LOAF. MRS. J. J. SLOAN.

Take three and one-half pounds of lean beef (raw), chopped; six crackers, rolled fine; three well-beaten eggs, four tablespoonfuls of cream, butter the size of an egg; salt and pepper to taste; mix all together and make into a loaf. Bake one and one-half hours. Serve cold in thin slices.



BEEF A LA MODE. ALICE TURNEY THOMPSON.

Take a round of beef, four or five inches thick, and for a piece weighing five pounds soak a pound of white bread in cold water until soft; turn off the water; mash the bread fine; then add a piece of butter the size of an egg, half a teaspoonful each of salt, pepper, and ground cloves, about half a nutmeg, two eggs, a tablespoonful of flour, and a quarter of a pound of fresh pork, chopped very fine. Gash the beef on both sides and fill with half the dressing. Place in a baking pan, with luke-warm water enough to cover it; cover the pan and put into the oven to bake gently two hours; then cover the top with the rest of the dressing, and put it back for another hour and let it brown well. On dishing up the meat, if the gravy is not thick enough, stir in a little flour, and add a little butter. It is a favorite meat, eaten cold for suppers and luncheons. When thus used, remove the gravy.



FRIED LIVER.

Always use calf's liver, cut in slices. Pour boiling water over, and let it stand fifteen minutes. Fry some slices of breakfast bacon; take out the bacon; roll the liver in either flour or corn meal, and fry a delicate brown; sprinkle with salt and pepper. Serve with gravy if you like.



POTATO AND MEAT PIE.

Take mashed potatoes, seasoned with salt, pepper, and butter; line a baking dish with it; lay upon this slices of cold meat (any kind), with a little pepper, salt, catsup, and gravy; then another layer of potatoes, another of meat, and so forth till pan is filled, having the last a cover of potatoes. Bake until thoroughly warmed. Serve in the dish in which it is cooked.



COLD MEAT TURNOVERS. MRS. A. B.

Roll out dough very thin; put in it, like a turnover, cold meat, chopped fine, and seasoned with pepper, salt, catsup, and sweet herbs. Make into small turnovers, and fry in lard until the dough is well cooked.



VEAL CUTLETS. MRS. U. F. SEFFNER.

Fry a few slices of breakfast bacon. Dip the cutlets in a beaten egg; roll in corn meal or cracker crumbs; salt and pepper; put in skillet with the fat from bacon; fry slowly until a nice brown.



VEAL LOAF. MRS. GERTRUDE DOUGLAS WEEKS.

Three pounds of veal or beef, chopped fine; three eggs, beaten with three tablespoons of milk, butter the size of an egg, one cup of powdered crackers, one teaspoon of black pepper; one tablespoon of salt; mix well together; form into a loaf, and bake two and one-half hours. Baste with butter and water while baking.



VEAL STEW.

Cut four pounds of veal into strips three or four inches long and about one inch thick. Peel twelve large potatoes; cut them into slices one inch thick. Put a layer of veal in the bottom of the kettle, and sprinkle salt and a very little pepper over it; then put a layer of potatoes; then a layer of veal, seasoned as before, and so on until all the veal is used. Over the last layer of veal put a layer of salt pork, cut in slices; cover with potatoes; pour in water until it rises an inch over the whole; cover close; heat fifteen minutes; simmer one hour.



DRESSING FOR ROAST OF VEAL. MRS. E. FAIRFIELD.

Two cups of stale bread crumbs, one tablespoonful melted butter; pepper and salt to taste; make into a soft paste with cream, and lay over top of roast to brown for about one-half hour before roast is done.



VEAL AND HAM SANDWICH. MARY W. WHITMARSH.

Boil six pounds each of ham and veal. Save the water from boiling the veal, and to it add half a box of gelatine, dissolved in a little cold water. When the meat is cold, run through a sausage grinder, and with the meats mix the gelatinous water. Season the veal with salt, pepper, and sweet marjoram. Put a little red pepper in the ham. Make alternate layers of ham and veal, using a potato masher to pound it down smooth. Set in cold place. It is better to make it the day before using.



POT ROAST. MRS. BELINDA MARTIN.

Use any kind of meat; put into an iron pot a tablespoonful of meat fryings or butter; let it brown; wash off the roast, and put into the pot. After it begins to fry, pour in enough water to half cover the meat; season with pepper and salt; cover, and stew slowly. As the meat begins to fry, add more water; turn it often, and cook about three hours. A half hour before serving, add either Irish or sweet potatoes, or turnips; let brown with the meat.



TO ROAST PORK.

Take a leg of pork, and wash clean; cut the skin in squares. Make a dressing of bread crumbs, sage, onions, pepper and salt; moisten it with the yolk of an egg. Put this under the skin of the knuckle, and sprinkle a little powdered sage into the rind where it is cut. Eight pounds will require about three hours to roast. Shoulder, loin, or spare ribs may be roasted in the same manner.



SCRAPPLE. MRS. EDWARD E. POWERS.

Two pounds pork, two pounds liver, two pounds beef, a small heart; boil all until thoroughly cooked; take up and chop while warm; put back into broth (altogether you will have two and one-half or three gallons); then make quite thick with corn meal. Cook one-half hour. Put in pans to mold. Season meat while cooking with salt, pepper, and sage.



SPICED MEAT. MRS. IRA UHLER.

Take five pounds of beef from the shoulder and cover with cold water; boil until very tender; chop fine and season with salt and pepper. Slice four or five hard boiled eggs. Alternate layers of meat and eggs, having a layer of meat on the top. Put an ounce of gelatine and a few cloves into the liquor in which the meat has been boiled; boil this down to one pint; strain it over the meat, which must be pressed down with a plate. Set in a cool place. Slice cold for serving.



BATTER PUDDING WITH BEEF ROAST. MRS. C. H. NORRIS.

Put roast in oven, and cook within an hour of being done; then place a couple of sticks across the pan and rest your roast upon them. Make a batter according to the following rule, and pour it right into the gravy in which the roast has been resting, cook an hour and serve: Four eggs, tablespoon of sugar, one quart of milk, six tablespoons of flour, and a piece of butter the size of a walnut.



BONED SHOULDER OF MUTTON.

Have the bone carefully removed from a rather lean shoulder of mutton, and fill the orifice thus left with a good forcemeat. To make this, chop fine half a pound of lean veal and quarter of a pound of ham and add to these a small cup of fine bread crumbs. Season with a quarter-teaspoonful each of ground mace, cloves, and allspice, and a saltspoonful of black pepper. Stir in a raw egg to bind the mixture together. When the forcemeat has been put into the hole in the shoulder, cover the mutton with a cloth that will close the mouth of the opening, and lay the meat in a pot with the bone from the shoulder, a peeled and sliced onion, carrot and turnip, a little parsley and celery, and a bay leaf; Pour in enough cold water to cover the mutton entirely, stir in a heaping tablespoonful of salt, and let the water come gradually to a boil and simmer until the mutton has cooked twenty minutes to the pound. Let it cool in the broth; take it out; lay it under a weight until cold, and serve. This is also very good hot. The liquor makes excellent soup.



TO FRY HAM.

First, parboil it and drain well; then fry a light brown. Make a gravy with milk, a little flour, and a teaspoonful of sugar; pour over the ham.



HAM TOAST. MRS. E. SEFFNER.

Chop lean ham (the refuse bits); put in a pan with a lump of butter the size of an egg, a little pepper, and two beaten eggs. When well warmed, spread on hot buttered toast.



BOILED HAM.

The best ham to select is one weighing from eight to ten pounds. Take one that is not too fat, to save waste. Wash it carefully before you put it on to boil, removing rust or mold with a small, stiff scrubbing brush. Lay it in a large boiler, and pour over it enough cold water to cover it. To this add a bay leaf, half a dozen cloves, a couple of blades of mace, a teaspoonful of sugar, and, if you can get it, a good handful of fresh, sweet hay. Let the water heat very gradually, not reaching the boil under two hours. It should never boil hard, but simmer gently until the ham has cooked fifteen minutes to every pound. It must cool in the liquor, and the skin should not be removed until the meat is entirely cold, taking care not to break or tear the fat. Brush over the ham with beaten egg, strew it thickly with very fine bread crumbs, and brown in a quick oven. Arrange a frill of paper around the bone of the shank, and surround the ham with water-cress, or garnish the dish with parsley.



TONGUE.

Wash the tongue carefully, and let it lie in cold water for several hours before cooking—over night, if possible. Lay it in a kettle of cold water when it is to be cooked; bring the water to a boil slowly, and let it simmer until the tongue is so tender that you can pierce it with a fork. A large tongue should be over the fire about four hours. When it has cooled in the liquor in which it was boiled, remove the skin with great care, beginning at the tip, and stripping it back. Trim away the gristle and fat from the root of the tongue before serving it. Serve with drawn butter or lemon sauce.



FORCEMEAT BALLS. MRS. JUDGE BENNETT.

Chop cold veal fine with one-fourth as much salt pork. Season with salt, pepper, and sweet herbs. Make into balls; fry them brown. Eat this way, or drop into soup.



VEAL LOAF. MRS. U. F. SEFFNER.

Three pounds of lean veal chopped with one pound of raw salt pork; three eggs, one pint of rolled cracker; one tablespoon of salt, one tablespoon of pepper, one tablespoon of butter, a little sage; mix all together; make into a loaf. Put one-half pint of water in roaster; put in the loaf; sprinkle fine cracker crumbs over it, and some small lumps of butter; bake slowly one hour; if baked in open pan, baste same as turkey.



SWEET BREADS.

Parboil them in salt water; remove the skin and tough parts; cut in pieces the size of a large oyster; dip in beaten egg; roll in cracker crumbs, seasoned with salt and pepper; fry in hot butter, or drop in hot lard, as you would doughnuts.



SWEET BREADS WITH PEAS. MRS. E. S.

Parboil the sweet breads; cut in small squares; add to them a coffee cup of cream, pepper, salt, and a tablespoon of butter. Cook the peas tender, and add them to the sweet breads. Moisten a tablespoonful of flour with a little milk; add, and boil up once or twice just before serving.



A PICKLE FOR BEEF, PORK, TONGUE, OR HUNG BEEF. MRS. JUDGE BENNETT.

Mix in four gallons of water a pound and a half of sugar or molasses, and two ounces of saltpetre. If it is to last a month or two, use six pounds of salt. If you wish to keep it through the summer, use nine pounds of salt. Boil all together; skim and let cool. Put meat in the vessel in which it is to stand; pour the pickle over the meat until it is covered. Once in two months, boil and skim the pickle and throw in two or three ounces of sugar, and one-half pound of salt. In very hot weather rub meat well with salt; let it stand a few hours before putting into the brine. This draws the blood out.



TO CURE BEEF. MRS. S. A. POWERS.

FOR FIFTY POUNDS.—Saltpetre, one ounce; sugar, one and three-fourths pounds; coarse salt, three and one-half pounds; water, two gallons; boil together; let cool; pour over meat. Keep the meat under the brine.



VEGETABLES.

"Cheerful cooks make every dish a feast." —MASSINGER.

Always have the water boiling when you put your vegetables in, and keep it constantly boiling until they are done. Cook each kind by itself when convenient. All vegetables should be well seasoned.



BEETS.

Boil the beets in salted water until tender. When cold, skin; cut in thin slices, and dress with white pepper, salt, oil, or butter, and vinegar; or pour over them a French dressing, and toss with a silver fork until every piece is coated with the dressing.



STRING BEANS, WITH ACID DRESSING. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Cook wax beans in salted water with a little salt pork. When the beans are tender, take out and drain. Let a few bits of breakfast bacon brown in a skillet, then put in a half pint of good vinegar and a spoonful of sugar (omit the sugar if you prefer the pure acid); let boil; add an onion, sliced fine; pour over the beans, and mix well before serving.



BAKED BEANS. MRS. S. A. POWERS.

Pick over and wash well one quart of small white beans; soak over night. In the morning, pour off the water and cover with cold water. After boiling one-half hour, drain them, and cover again with cold water. Boil until cooked, but not broken. Put them in a baking dish. In the center place one pound salt pork (which has been parboiled and well gashed), one tablespoonful of molasses, one dash of cayenne pepper, black pepper to taste, and, if necessary, a little salt. Ordinarily the pork should salt the beans. Cover with part of the liquor in which the pork has been parboiled, and bake three hours.



COLD SLAW, WITH ONION. MRS. E.

Slice cabbage fine on a slaw cutter. To a dish of cabbage use one large onion, also sliced fine. Mix with good vinegar; salt, pepper and sugar to taste.



CABBAGE. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

HOW TO BOIL.—Cut a large head of cabbage into quarters; then re-cut the quarters, and wash well in cold water; pour boiling water over it, and cover about five minutes; drain in colander, and add one good-sized onion, a pinch of cayenne pepper, and enough meat broth to cover it; boil until tender. A brisket of beef is best for the broth.



CABBAGE. MISS BERTHA MARTIN.

SCALLOPED.—Roll crackers as for oysters. Cut cabbage as for slaw. Put in your pan a layer of crackers, then a layer of cabbage, With salt, pepper, and lumps of butter, until the pan is filled; cover with sweet milk. Bake thirty or forty minutes.



GREEN CORN PATTIES. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.

Take twelve ears of green corn (grated), one teaspoon of salt, and one teaspoon of pepper; beat one egg into this, with two tablespoons of flour. Drop into hot butter or lard.



CORN OYSTERS. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.

To one quart of grated corn add three eggs, beaten separately; four crackers, rolled fine; salt and pepper to taste. Fry in butter or lard.



CORN OYSTERS. MRS. J. C. WALTERS.

Grate and chop one pint of young sweet corn; add one egg, well beaten; one teacupful flour, three tablespoonfuls cream, one teaspoonful salt. Fry like oysters.



POTATOES "AU GRATIN." JENNY E. WALLACE.

Take one tablespoonful of butter, and three tablespoonfuls of flour; mix together on stove, and add two cups milk. Chop fine cold boiled potatoes; put in a baking dish; pour the dressing over, and add enough grated cheese to cover it; bake about thirty minutes.



POTATO CROQUETTES. MRS. F. W. THOMAS.

Take one pint of mashed potatoes; season with one tablespoonful of soft butter, one-half saltspoon of white pepper, one-half teaspoon of salt, one-half teaspoon of celery salt, a few drops of onion juice, and some egg; mix well till light; rub through a strainer; return to the fire and stir till the potato cleaves the dish. When cool, shape into balls, then into cylinders; roil in fine bread or cracker crumbs; dip in beaten egg, then in crumbs again, and fry brown in hot fat.



WHIPPED POTATOES. MRS. B. B. CLARK.

Instead of mashing in the ordinary way, whip potatoes with a fork until light and dry; then put in a little melted butter, some milk, and salt to taste, whipping rapidly until creamy. Put as lightly and irregularly as you can in a hot dish.



LYONNAISE POTATOES.

For lyonnaise potatoes chop an onion fine; fry it brown in a tablespoonful of butter; add another tablespoonful to the iron spider after the frying, and let the butter become very hot. Then cut six whole boiled potatoes into thick or half inch slices, and lay them in the spider, which should be ample enough to hold them without lapping over another. Let them fry brown on both sides, tossing them occasionally to prevent them burning. Sprinkle a tablespoonful of parsley over them, and serve at once. They should be very hot when brought on the table.



ESCALOPED POTATOES. MRS. O. W. WEEKS.

Pare and slice thin the potatoes; put a layer in your pudding pan one-half inch deep; sprinkle salt, pepper, and bits of butter over it; then put another layer of potatoes, and another sprinkle of salt, pepper, and butter, until you have as many layers as you wish. Fill in with sweet cream or milk until you can just begin to see it. Sprinkle on top one cracker, pulverized. Bake in hot oven from one-half to one hour.



MASHED SWEET POTATOES. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Pare and boil till done; drain, and mash smooth; add milk or cream, and salt; beat like cake, with a large spoon—the more they are beaten the better they become. Put in a baking dish; smooth with a knife dipped in milk; place a lump of butter in the center; sprinkle with pepper, and place in a hot oven for a few minutes.



BROWNED SWEET POTATOES. MRS. ECKHART.

Pare, and cut in halves. Have in a skillet some hot fryings, in which place potatoes; pour in about one-half pint of water; season with salt and pepper. Cook until tender. Remove the cover, and let brown; take out in dish; throw a spoonful of sugar into skillet, with a little flour and water; let boil up once or twice, and pour over the potatoes.



SWEET POTATOES, SOUTHERN FASHION. MRS. W. E. THOMAS.

Boil your potatoes until soft; slice them, and lay in a buttered pudding dish. Sprinkle each layer with light brown sugar; and dot thickly with bits of butter. Over all pour enough water to cover well the bottom of your dish. Set in oven and bake half an hour or more, thoroughly browning the top, and cooking the sugar, butter and water into a rich syrup. Some add, also, a dash of flour between the layers. Serve hot with your meat and other vegetables.



DRIED PUMPKIN. MRS. J. EDD THOMAS.

Stew pumpkin as for pie; spread upon plates, and dry in the oven carefully. When you wish to make pie, soak over night; then proceed as you would with fresh pumpkin. Pumpkin prepared in this way will keep well until spring, and pies are as good as when made with fresh pumpkin.



STEWED RICE. MRS. EDWARD E. POWERS.

Take one-half cup of rice; wash it twice; cover with water two inches above rice; cook dry; then cover with a cup or more of milk; add butter the size of a walnut, and salt to taste. When cooked dry again, serve hot with cream and sugar.



NEW ENGLAND SUCCOTASH. MRS. S. A. POWERS.

Take two quarts shelled Lima beans (green), one dozen ears of corn (cut off cob), and one pound pickled pork. Cover pork with water, and parboil it; add beans cooked until they burst; then add corn, two tablespoonfuls sugar, butter the size of a walnut, and pepper to taste. After corn is added, watch carefully to keep from scorching.



TURNIPS. M. E. WRIGHT.

Put one-half teacup of butter in your kettle, and let it get hot; then add one tablespoon sugar. Have your turnips sliced fine; put them in your kettle and stir well; add enough water to stew tender; then sprinkle over them one tablespoon of flour and a little rich cream. Stir well, and serve. Sweet potatoes are excellent cooked the same way.



TO STEW TURNIP. MRS. ECKHART.

Pare, halve, and slice them on a slaw cutter; boil in clear water. When tender, add a large lump of butter, a teaspoonful of sugar, and pepper and salt to taste. Stir in flour and cream to thicken like peas. Serve in sauce dishes.



TOMATO MACARONI. EXCHANGE.

Break macaroni in pieces three inches long and boil until tender. Butter a deep dish, and place a layer of pared and sliced tomatoes on the bottom (if canned, use them just as they come from the can); add a layer of the stewed macaroni, and season with salt, pepper, and bits of butter; add another layer of tomato, and so on until the dish is as full as desired. Place a layer of cracker crumbs on top, with bits of butter. Bake about thirty minutes, or until well browned.



EGGS.

Humpty Dumpty sat on the wall. Humpty Dumpty had a great fall. All the kings horses and all the kings men Could not set Humpty Dumpty back again. —MOTHER GOOSE.

Try the freshness of eggs by putting them into cold water; those that sink the soonest are the freshest.

Never attempt to boil an egg without watching the timepiece. Put the eggs in boiling water. In three minutes eggs will boil soft; in four minutes the white part will be cooked; in ten minutes they will be hard enough for salad.



HOW TO PRESERVE. MRS. M. UHLER.

To each pailful of water add two pints of fresh slaked lime and one pint of common salt; mix well. Fill your barrel half full with this fluid, put your eggs down in it any time after June, and they will keep two years if desired.



SOFT BOILED EGGS. MRS. W. E. THOMAS.

Put eggs in a bowl or pan; pour boiling water over them until they are well covered; let stand ten minutes; pour off water, and again cover with boiling water. If you like them quite soft, eat immediately after pouring on second water; if you like them harder, leave them in longer. This method makes the white more jelly-like and digestible.



FRENCH OMELETTE. GERTRUDE DOUGLAS WEEKS.

Take eight eggs, well beaten separately; add to the yolks eight tablespoonfuls of sweet milk, one tablespoonful of flour, one teaspoonful of good baking powder, salt and pepper; beat well together, and then stir in lightly at the last the beaten whites. Have ready a skillet with melted butter, smoking hot, and pour in mixture. Let cook on bottom; then put in oven from five to ten minutes. Serve at once.



OMELETTE. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.

To the well beaten yolks of five eggs add two teaspoonfuls of corn starch, and a little salt dissolved in one-half cup of milk. Beat whites to a stiff froth, and stir lightly into mixture. Have ready a hot buttered spider, into which turn the whole, and bake to a light brown in a quick oven.



PLAIN OMELETTE. MRS. C. H. WILLIAMS.

Stir into the well beaten yolks of four eggs one-half tablespoonful of melted butter, a little salt, one tablespoonful of flour mixed smooth in one cup of milk; beat together well, and then stir in lightly the whites, beaten stiff; pour into buttered skillet; cook on top stove for ten minutes, and then place in oven to brown.



EGG FOR AN INVALID.

Put two tablespoonfuls of boiling water in a sauce pan on the stove; break a fresh egg into it; stir briskly until the egg is slightly set, but not at all stiff; season with salt, and a little pepper. Serve at once on a thin slice of buttered toast.



SARDELLED EGGS. JENNIE MARTIN HERSHBERGER, TIFFIN, OHIO.

Boil some eggs hard; remote shells, and cut the eggs oblong; take out yolks, and cream, or mash fine. Then take sardells, and remove the backbone; mash fine, and mix with the yolks of eggs and a little red pepper, and fill the whites of eggs with the mixture. They are fine for an appetizer. Sardells are a small fish from three to four inches long, and come in small kegs, like mackerel.



STUFFED EGGS.

Boil eggs for twenty minutes; then drop in cold water. Remove the shells, and cut lengthwise. Remove the yolks, and cream them with a good salad dressing. Mix with chopped ham, or chicken, or any cold meat, if you choose. Make mixture into balls, and fill in the hollows of your whites. If you have not the salad dressing mix the yolks from six eggs with a teaspoonful of melted butter, a dash of cayenne pepper, a little prepared mustard, salt, vinegar and sugar to taste.



SALADS AND SALAD DRESSING.

"To make a perfect salad, there should be a spendthrift for oil, a miser for vinegar, a wise man for salt, and a madcap to stir the ingredients up, and mix them well together." — SPANISH PROVERB

It is said that "Any fool can make a salad," but all salads are not made by fools. "Mixing" comes by intuition, and the successful cooks use the ingredients, judgment, and their own tastes, rather than the recipe.

Any number of salads and fillings for sandwiches for home use, teas or receptions, can be made at little cost and trouble, by using the following simple recipe for dressing. The secret of success of the dressing lies in the mixing of the ingredients:

Powder the cold yolks of four hard boiled eggs; then stir in one tablespoon even full of common mustard, one-half teaspoonful of salt, and two heaping tablespoonfuls of pulverized sugar. When mixed thoroughly, add three tablespoonfuls of good table oil, and stir rapidly for three minutes; then add six tablespoonfuls of good, sharp vinegar, and stir for five minutes. Now you will have dressing sufficient for a dozen or fifteen plates of salad, and one that will keep in a cool place for weeks.



LETTUCE SALAD.

Add to the above dressing just before serving, one pound of crisp lettuce, cut in one-half inch squares, or sliced fine. Garnish the dish or dishes with the white of the egg, chopped fine, to which add the thin slices of two or three small radishes.



LOBSTER SALAD.

Take one pound of fresh or canned lobster, two small onions, one fourth of a lemon (with rind), two bunches of celery, or a like amount of crisp cabbage; chop fine, and thoroughly mix with the dressing. Serve on a lettuce leaf in individual dishes; garnish with the white of the eggs, chopped fine.

Veal, chicken, terrapin, salmon, little-neck clams, scollops, etc., can be utilized by the judicious cook in connection with the dressing.



SANDWICH FILLING.

Take ham, veal, chicken, sardines, etc., with the white of the eggs, chopped exceedingly fine, and mixed with sufficient of the dressing to make a paste the consistency of butter; spread this on thin slices of bread, cut in irregular shapes, and you have most delicious sandwiches.

Dedicated to the Committee, by Yours respectfully, H. M. STOWE.



CHICKEN SALAD. MRS. JOHN LANDON.

Take white and choice dark meat of a cold boiled chicken or turkey, three-quarters same bulk of chopped celery or cabbage, and a few cucumber pickles, chopped well and mixed together. For the dressing take the yolks of two hard boiled eggs, rub to a fine powder; mix with it a teaspoonful of salt, teaspoonful pepper, teaspoonful mustard, two teaspoonfuls white sugar; then add three teaspoonfuls salad oil, and, last of all, one-half cup vinegar. Pour the dressing over the chopped meat, cabbage, etc., and stir all well together.



CHICKEN SALAD. MRS. A. A. LUCAS.

Take two large chickens; boil tender; pick in small bits. Chop as much celery as you have meat. For the dressing, take six yolks and one whole egg; beat to a froth, mix with two spoonfuls of salad oil, one spoonful mixed mustard, a little pepper and salt, one pint vinegar, heated; before it boils, stir in the other ingredients; cook till thick, stirring all the time. Boil down the liquid in which the chickens were cooked until it forms a jelly. Let all cool. Two or three hours before using, mix meat, celery, liquid, and dressing.



CHICKEN SALAD. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.

Two chickens, boiled tender and minced fine, five hard boiled eggs, and one raw egg. Take as much chopped cabbage as you have minced chicken; chop the whites of the boiled eggs, and put with the chicken. Mix the cooked yolks with the raw egg; add one teacup of the broth and oil from the chicken; one pint of good vinegar, salt, pepper, mustard, and season to taste. Part celery and part cabbage can be used, if desired. Mix all together.



CHICKEN SALAD FOR TWO HUNDRED. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Thirty chickens, cooked and cut medium fine, fifty heads of celery, two gallons of good strong vinegar, three pounds of light brown sugar, ten cents worth of yellow mustard, three pounds of butter, four dozen eggs, boiled hard. Chop whites, and cream yolks with butter. Boil vinegar and sugar together, and skim; add the creamed butter and yolks; also, mustard, salt and pepper to taste; let stand until cold; then pour over the celery and chicken; mix thoroughly, and add the whites of eggs. If unable to get celery, use crisp cabbage, with ten cents worth of celery seed. If you use celery seed, boil it in the vinegar.



CHICKEN SALAD. MRS. T. H. B. BEALE.

Shred cold boiled chicken, and measure one pint chicken and one pint celery; season with French dressing as below, and keep on ice until ready to serve.

FRENCH DRESSING.—One saltspoon of salt, one-half saltspoon of white pepper, one-fourth teaspoon of onion juice, one tablespoon of vinegar, three tablespoons of olive oil, or melted butter; mix in the order given, adding the oil slowly. When ready to serve your salad, mix it with the boiled dressing given below; arrange it, and garnish with parsley.

BOILED DRESSING.—Mix one teaspoon of mustard, two teaspoons of salt, two tablespoons of sugar, one-fourth saltspoon of cayenne pepper, one heaping teaspoon of flour; mix well; then add one egg, well beaten; and one cup hot water. Put in double boiler, and boil ten minutes. While it is cooking, add one-half cup hot vinegar. When done, add one tablespoon of melted butter, or Lucca oil, if prepared. After it is cooked, turn into a bowl; put on ice until cold; add to salad just before serving. If you like filberts in the salad, pour boiling water on them; let them stand a short time, then throw them into cold water; remove the skins, break into halves; put into salad before you pour on the boiled dressing.

For a company of seventy-five, use six chickens, and six times both recipes for dressing, and three pounds of filberts.



BEAN SALAD. MRS. W. E. THOMAS.

Cold cooked stringed beans, drained and dressed with a simple oil and vinegar dressing, or mayonnaise, make an excellent salad.



TOMATO SALAD IN WINTER. MRS. DR. FISHER.

Take the juice from a can of tomatoes, and with gelatine make it into a jelly that will mold. Lay a slice of this jelly on lettuce leaves, and serve with mayonnaise.



CUCUMBER SALAD. MRS. ELIZA DICKERSON.

Two dozen large cucumbers, six white onions, chopped fine; salt well, and drain twelve hours; add white mustard seed and celery seed; cover with strong vinegar.



POTATO SALAD. MISS ANN THOMPSON.

The yolks of five eggs, five tablespoonfuls vinegar; cook until thick; then, just before using, add three tablespoonfuls melted butter; beat to a cream. Put in pepper, salt, and mustard to taste, one onion (chopped fine), and three-fourths cup of cream. Slice potatoes thin, and pour dressing over.



GERMAN POTATO SALAD. MRS. BELINDA MARTIN.

After frying ham, put one-fourth cup of the hot fryings into a skillet with one cup of good vinegar, one tablespoon of sugar; let boil a moment. Slice hot boiled potatoes into your salad bowl; season with pepper and salt, and one onion, chopped fine. Pour over this the hot vinegar, and mix well. Garnish with hard boiled eggs. Early in the spring young dandelions added to this are very nice.



POTATO SALAD. MRS. DELL W. DE WOLFE.

One gallon cold and thinly sliced good potatoes, six small onions, sliced thin. Sprinkle very freely with salt and pepper.

DRESSING.—Yolks of nine fresh eggs, two teaspoonfuls of ground mustard, a pinch of cayenne pepper, one cup of sugar, one cup of good cider vinegar, one-half cup butter. Boil the above mixture, and add one pint of thick sweet cream when the mixture is almost cold. Two small cucumbers sliced will greatly improve this salad.



CABBAGE SALAD. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.

One small head of cabbage (cut fine), one pint of good vinegar, butter the size of an egg, three eggs, well beaten with one tablespoon of flour; salt and pepper to taste. Let dressing come to a boil, and pour over cabbage while hot.



POTATO SALAD DRESSING. MRS. E. A. SEFFNER.

Add the well beaten yolks of five eggs to five tablespoonfuls of boiling vinegar; cook until it thickens, stirring constantly. Remove from the fire. Add two tablespoonfuls butter, and stir until cool. Season with one teaspoon mustard, one of salt, one tablespoon of sugar, pinch of cayenne pepper, one cup of cream. Use oil in place of butter, if preferred.



SALAD DRESSING. MRS. CHAS. MOORE.

Beat three eggs, and add a teaspoon each of salt, pepper, and mustard; six tablespoons of cream or milk, small half teacup of vinegar, and one-half cup sugar; mix thoroughly and set in top of teakettle, stirring constantly till it thickens.



WEYMOUTH SALAD DRESSING. MRS. VOSE.

Yolk of one egg, one tablespoon sugar, one saltspoon salt, one teaspoon mustard, butter size of small egg, one-half cup of vinegar; cook till thick as cream. Add one-half cup of thick cream before using.



MAYONNAISE DRESSING. MRS. T. H. LINSLEY.

Take the yolks of six eggs, one teacup best cider vinegar, one teacup white sugar, one tablespoon pure mustard, one-fourth pound of butter, one teaspoon salt, one pint water, two tablespoons corn starch. Put the water and vinegar in granite iron vessel, and let come to a boil. Beat the rest of the ingredients to a cream; stir this into the vinegar rapidly to prevent burning. Put in self-sealing can, and keep in a cool place.



PUDDINGS

"The proof of the pudding lies in the eating."



APPLE PUDDING. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.

Six good-sized apples, stewed and well beaten; six eggs, beaten separately; one pint of sweet cream; sweeten and flavor to taste. Bake with an under crust. It can be eaten with whipped cream and is excellent.



APPLE BATTER PUDDING. MISS KITTIE M. SMITH.

Mix together one cup flour, one teaspoonful of baking powder, a pinch of salt; into this rub one tablespoonful of butter. Beat one egg, and stir into it half a cup of milk; add this to the flour, etc. Pare and slice two sour apples, and press into the dough. Bake about one-half hour. The beauty of this pudding is that you are always sure of success. This recipe makes enough for a family of four.

SAUCE.—One cup of sugar, two-thirds of a cup of butter, two tablespoonfuls of flour, three gills of boiling water; boil three minutes; flavor to taste.



APPLE ROLL. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

Roll plain pie crust as you would for pie, but a little larger; chop up some apples, and cover this crust; add a layer of sugar, and sprinkle with cinnamon; then add a layer of raisins, and sprinkle with bits of citron, chopped fine. Roll all up; pinch the crust closely together at sides and ends; place in dripping pan with one-half a cup of butter, and one cup of sugar; pour enough boiling water over it to half cover the roll; put in oven and bake three hours; baste every half hour as you would turkey. When done, the roll will have a crust like taffy. Take out, and serve sliced thin. It is delicious.



BIRDS NEST PUDDING. MRS. JOHN KISHLER.

Pare six or eight large good cooking apples; remove the core by cutting from the end into the middle, so as to leave the apple whole; place them in a deep pie dish, as near together as they can stand, with the opening upward. Make a thin batter, using one quart of milk, three eggs, and sufficient flour; pour this into the dish around the apples and into the cavities. Bake in a quick oven. Serve with butter and sugar.



CHOCOLATE PUDDING. MRS. ALICE KRANER.

Mix one pint of rolled crackers, four tablespoonfuls of chocolate, and one quart sweet milk; bake two hours, and serve with this—

SAUCE.—Beat one cup of sugar with butter the size of an egg; flavor with vanilla.



COTTAGE PUDDING. MRS. JENNIE KRAUSE.

One cup of sugar, one-half cup of milk, one and one-half cups of flour; and one tablespoonful of butter; bake as a cake, and serve with this—

SAUCE.—Two tablespoonfuls butter, one cup white sugar, and one tablespoon flour, wet in cold water; one pint of boiling water. Let boil two or three minutes, stirring all the time. Flavor with lemon.



CUP PUDDING. MRS. G. A. LIVINGSTON.

One egg, two tablespoonfuls of sugar, three tablespoons butter, one-half to three-fourths pint of water, one and one-half teacups of flour, or enough to make a thin batter, one and one-half teaspoons baking powder; mix with fresh fruit or raisins, and steam twenty minutes.



CORN STARCH PUDDING. NELLIE LINSLEY.

One pint sweet milk, whites of three eggs, two tablespoons corn starch, three tablespoons sugar, and a little salt. Put milk in kettle, and when it reaches the boiling point, add sugar, and the corn starch, dissolved in a little milk. Lastly, add the whites of eggs, whipped to a stiff froth. Beat it, and let cook a few minutes. Set two-thirds in a cool place, flavoring it with vanilla. To the remaining one-third, add half a cake of chocolate, softened and mashed. Put a layer of half the white pudding into the mold; over this the layer of chocolate, and then the remainder of the white. One-half a cocoanut or one-half a pineapple may be substituted for the chocolate.



GOLDEN PUDDING. MRS. FRED. SCHAEFFER.

One-half a cup of molasses, one-half a cup of butter, one-half a cup of sour milk, one and one-half cups of flour, one egg, a pinch of salt, and one-half teaspoonful of soda; mix, and steam two hours. Serve with this—

SAUCE.—One egg, one-half cup butter, one cup sugar, two tablespoons flour, and one pint boiling water. Flavor with vanilla.



STEAMED INDIAN PUDDING. R. H. JOHNSON.

One-half cup sour milk, two eggs (beaten stiff), one teaspoonful soda, one cup seeded raisins, two tablespoonfuls molasses, corn meal for a stiff batter; mix, and steam two hours. Serve with this—

SAUCE.—One cup sugar, one-half cup butter (beaten to a cream) one teaspoonful water, yolk of one egg; heat to a scald; add the white of egg, well beaten, with a pinch of salt; flavor with lemon.



BAKED INDIAN PUDDING. MRS. M. B. VOSE.

Scald one pint of milk; stir into it one-half cup of Indian meal, one-half cup molasses, and a pinch of salt. When this is cold, pour over it, without stirring, one pint of cold milk. Bake in a slow oven about four hours to obtain the color and flavor of the old-fashioned pudding.



BAKED INDIAN PUDDING. MRS. M. B. VOSE.

Scald one quart of milk; stir in three-fourths cup of Indian meal, one-third cup molasses, and a pinch of salt. Beat two eggs with a half cup of cold milk, and fill the dish. Bake one hour.



FRUIT PUDDING. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.

One quart of flour, one egg, two teaspoonfuls of baking powder, one teaspoonful sugar, butter size of an egg, a little salt; mix with milk, and roll as for pie crust; cut into pieces four inches square; in each piece put half of an apple or peach (pared); pinch the corners together; place in a buttered pan. On top of each dumpling put a lump of butter, a little cinnamon, and sugar. Pour into the pan one-half pint of water. Bake, and serve with sweetened milk or cream.



FIG PUDDING. MRS. B. B. CLARK.

One-half pound figs, one-fourth pound grated bread, two and one-half ounces powdered sugar, three ounces butter, two eggs, one cup milk. Chop the figs fine; and mix first with the butter; add the other ingredients by degrees. Put in a buttered mold, sprinkle with bread crumbs, cover tightly, and boil for three hours.



FRUIT PUDDING. MISS ANN THOMPSON.

One egg, six even tablespoonfuls sugar, six heaping tablespoonfuls flour, one heaping tablespoonful baking powder, milk to make batter a little thinner than cake dough. Put fruit in baking dish; pour the batter over it, and bake.



ENGLISH PLUM PUDDING. MRS. W. C. BUTCHER.

Four cups of flour, four [one?] cups of sweet milk, one-half cup of sugar, one half cup of molasses, three-fourths cup of chopped suet, one cup of raisins, one-half cup of currants, one small teaspoonful of salt, one heaping teaspoon of cinnamon, one heaping teaspoon of cloves, one-half a nutmeg, and one teaspoon of soda; steam three hours. This can be kept any length of time. When ready to use, cut off slices and steam one-half hour.



ORANGE PUDDING. MRS. W. C. RAPP AND MISS NELLIE LINSLEY.

Seed and slice five large oranges; pour over them a cup of sugar. Take one pint of boiling milk; add yolks of three eggs, one-half cup of sugar, a tablespoon of corn starch; boil until it thickens; when nearly cold, pour over the oranges. Beat whites of the eggs with a little sugar; spread over the top, and brown in oven.



OCEANICA PUDDING. MRS. NED THATCHER.

One pint of bread crumbs, one quart of milk, one cup of sugar, four eggs (yolks), butter the size of an egg, grated rind of one lemon; mix, and bake until done, but not watery. Beat the whites of three eggs with one cup of sugar, into which has been stirred the juice of one lemon. Spread over the pudding a layer of jelly and the whites of eggs. Replace in oven until a nice brown. Serve with sauce.



PUDDING. M. E. B.

One pint of flour, one heaping teaspoon of baking powder, one egg, a pinch of salt, one-half a cup of butter, one-half a cup of sugar; mix with water or sweet milk to form a thick batter. Fill a pan one-half full of fruit, sweetened with sugar, and pour the mixture over it. Put pan in a steamer, and steam one hour. To be eaten with sauce.



PEACH PUDDING. MRS. J. H. REED.

Fill a pudding dish with peaches, cooked and sweetened; pour over them a batter made of one pint of sweet milk, four eggs, one cup of sugar, one tablespoon of butter, a little salt, one teaspoon of baking powder, and two cups of flour. Place in oven, and bake until a rich brown. Serve with cream.



COLD CUSTARD MADE WITH RENNET. MRS. IRA UHLER.

Use a piece of rennet about the size of a half dollar. Take two quarts of good sweet milk, and warm it to the heat of new milk; sweeten to taste; flavor with nutmeg. Soak the rennet in three or four tablespoons of warm water a few moments; then place it in the middle of the pan of milk (with a string attached, and laid out over the edge of the pan, so that it can be removed without breaking the custard); set in a cool place until solid. Serve with cream. This is a very delicate dish for invalids.



POTATO PUDDING. MRS. J. F. McNEAL.

One and one-half pints of mashed potato, one teacup of sugar, one-half cup of butter, one cup of flour, one quart of milk, four eggs, and salt to taste. Flavor with lemon, nutmeg, or vanilla. Bake one hour.



QUEEN PUDDING. MRS. T. J. McMURRAY.

One pint of bread crumbs, one quart of milk, one cup of sugar, the yolks of four eggs, the grated rind of one lemon, and a piece of butter the size of a hen's egg. Bake like a custard. When done, cover with the whites of the eggs, beaten to a stiff froth with one cup of sugar and the juice of the lemon. Put back in oven, and brown lightly.



RICE PUDDING. MRS. ELIZA DICKERSON.

Wash a small cup of rice, and put into a quart of milk; season to taste; add one cup of raisins, and set in oven three hours before dinner. When the mixture begins to brown on top, stir up from the bottom, repeating this until the pudding is done. If it becomes too dry, add more milk.



PRESBYTERIAN PUDDING. MRS. J. EDD THOMAS.

Stew prunes, or any small fruit, sweeten to taste, and while boiling put in a few thin slices of white bread; when the bread is saturated with the boiling juice, put the bread in alternate layers in a deep dish, leaving a thick layer of fruit for the top. Put a plate over the top, and when cool, set on ice. Serve with sugar and cream. Whipped cream is preferable.



PEACH TAPIOCA. MRS. S. E. BARLOW.

Cover one cup of "Farina" tapioca with a pint of water, allowing it to soak until all the water has been absorbed. Open a pint can of peaches, and pour off the liquor; add to this the tapioca, and cook slowly over a moderate fire until the tapioca is clear and tender; then stir in the peaches. Turn into a dish, and serve cold, with powdered sugar and cream. Cherries, unfermented grape juice, or berries can be used instead of peaches, and will make a most delicious dessert.



TAPIOCA CREAM. MRS. O. W. WEEKS.

Soak one teacup of tapioca in water over night. In the morning, set one quart of milk in a kettle of boiling water, and let it come to a boil. Stir the yolks of three eggs into the tapioca, with one cup of sugar; let it boil a few minutes. Beat the whites of the eggs stiff and put on the top of the cream. Serve cold.



TAPIOCA PUDDING, WITH APPLES. MRS. DR. FISHER.

Soak one teacup of tapioca and one teaspoon of salt in one and one-half pints of cold water for five hours; keep in a warm place but do not cook. Two hours before dinner, pare and core six large apples; place them in a pudding dish; fill the cavities made by removing cores with sugar and a little grated nutmeg, or lemon peel; add a cup of water, and bake one hour, turning the apples to prevent them drying. When quite soft, turn over them the tapioca. Bake one hour longer. Serve with hard sauce of butter and sugar.



SUET PUDDING. MRS. FRED. SHAEFFER.

One cup of molasses, one cup of sweet milk, one cup of suet (chopped fine), or a half cup of butter, one cup of raisins, half cup of currants, two and a half cups of flour, and a teaspoon of soda; mix well; add a pinch of salt, one teaspoonful allspice, and one teaspoon of cinnamon. Steam two hours.



SUET PUDDING. MRS. WILDBAHN.

One cup of suet (chopped fine), one cup molasses, one cup raisins (seeded), one cup sweet milk, three cups flour, one large teaspoon soda, a little salt; mix, and steam three and one-half to four hours. Serve with drawn butter sauce.



STEAMED SUET PUDDING. MRS. R. H. JOHNSON AND MRS. J. C. WALTER.

One cup of suet (chopped fine), one cup of sugar, one cup milk, one cup chopped raisins, three cups flour, with two teaspoonfuls baking powder, a little salt; spice to taste; mix, and steam three hours.

SAUCE.—One cup of sugar, one-half cup of butter (beaten to a cream), one tablespoonful of water, the yolk of one egg; heat to a scald; add the white of egg, well beaten, with a pinch of salt. Flavor with lemon.



SUET PUDDING. MRS. C. C. CAMPBELL.

Two cups or suet (chopped fine), two cups of stoned raisins, four cups flour, two eggs, a pinch of salt, milk enough to make a stiff batter; put in a pudding bag, and boil three hours.

SAUCE FOR PUDDING.—One cup of sugar, one half cup water, yolk of one egg, one teaspoonful butter, one teaspoonful flour. Flavor with lemon.



SUET PUDDING. MRS. P. O. SHARPLESS.

One and a half cups suet, chopped very fine and mixed thoroughly with three cups of flour; one tablespoonful of cinnamon, one cup molasses or sugar, and one cup sour milk. If sugar is used, mix with the flour and suet; if molasses, mix with the sour milk, to which add one rounded teaspoonful of soda. Add, at the last, one large cupful of seeded raisins and one-half cup currants. Steam at least two hours.



TROY PUDDING. MRS. GEO. TURNER.

One cup of raisins, one cup of New Orleans molasses, one cup of beef suet; one cup of sweet milk, three cups of flour, one teaspoonful of soda, one teaspoonful each of ground cloves, ginger, and cinnamon, saltspoon of salt; mix; pour in pudding pan, and steam from four to six hours. Serve very hot, with sauce to suit taste. When taken from steamer, set in oven a moment to dry the top. This rule makes three small loaves. It will keep to warm over when needed.



PIES.

"Who dare deny the truth, there's poetry in pie?" —Longfellow. There are plenty of women capable of choosing good husbands (or, if not good when chosen, of making them good); yet these same women may be ignorant on the subject of making good pie. Ingenuity, good judgement, and great care should be used in making all kinds of pastry. Use very cold water, and just as little as possible; roll thin, and always from you; prick the bottom crust with a fork to prevent blistering; then brush it well with the white of egg, and sprinkle thick with granulated sugar. This will give you a firm, rich crust.

For all kinds of fruit pies, prepare the bottom crust as above. Stew the fruit, and sweeten to taste. If juicy, put a good layer of corn starch on top of the fruit before putting on the top crust. This will prevent the juice from running out, and will form a nice jelly throughout the pie. Be sure that you have plenty of incisions in the top crust; then pinch it closely around the edge; sprinkle some granulated sugar on top, and bake in a moderate oven.



PIE CRUST. MRS. ELIZA DICKERSON.

With one cup of flour, use one tablespoonful of lard, and a little salt; cut the lard into the flour with a knife; use just enough cold water to stick it together; handle as little as possible. If wanted richer, add some butter when rolling out.



CUSTARD PIE. FLORENCE ECKHART.

PASTRY.—Take one cup shortening (lard and butter mixed); three cups of flour, a little salt; sift the flour; add the salt, and rub in the shortening. Use enough ice water to hold all together, handling as little as possible. Roll from you. One-third the quantity given is enough for one pie.

FILLING.—Yolks of four eggs, one quart of milk, a little salt, and one-half cup of sugar. Bake with under crust only. Flavor to taste.



ORANGE CREAM PIE. MRS. P. G. HARVEY AND MRS. W. C. RAPP.

Beat thoroughly the yolks of two eggs with one-half cup of sugar; add one heaping tablespoon of flour, and one even tablespoon of corn starch, dissolved in a little milk; pour into one pint of boiling milk, and let cook about three minutes; cool; flavor with extract of orange, and pour into a baked crust. Beat the whites to a stiff froth; add one-half cup of sugar; flavor with extract of orange; spread on top; put in oven and let it slightly brown.



CHESS PIE. IVA FISH.

Three-fourths cup of sugar; butter the size of an egg, yolks of three eggs, one tablespoon of flour, one pint of milk; flavor with nutmeg. beat all well together; heat the custard to near boiling; fill pie and bake. Put white of eggs on top; sprinkle with sugar and brown in oven.



CREAM PIE. MISS LOURIE, NEW YORK.

One cup of sour cream, one cup of sugar, one cup seeded and chopped raisins, one egg and a pinch of salt. Bake with two crusts.



CREAM PIE. MRS. A. C. AULT.

One cup of milk, one-half cup of sugar, one tablespoonful of corn starch, yolks of two eggs. Cook milk, sugar, and eggs together; then stir in the corn starch, and put into baked crust.

MERINGUE.—Whites of two eggs, well beaten with two tablespoonfuls of sugar. Spread on the pie and bake a light brown.



CORN STARCH PIE. MRS. E. A. SEFFNER.

One tablespoonful of corn starch, two tablespoons of sugar, two tablespoons of sweet milk, yolks of two eggs; beat all together in a warm crock; stir in a pint of boiling milk; let it boil up once; then add a teaspoon of vanilla or lemon and a pinch of salt; pour this into a baked crust. Beat the white of eggs with a teaspoonful of sugar; put over pie, and brown quickly.



CHOCOLATE PIE. MRS. ALICE KRANER.

Grate a tablespoonful of Bakers chocolate in a dish; add one tablespoonful of flour, the yolks of two eggs, and one-half cup sugar; beat all together; add one pint sweet milk. Bake with lower crust. Take the whites of eggs for frosting. This will make one large pie.



LEMON PIE. MRS. SUSIE B. DE WOLFE.

Grate the rind and squeeze the juice from two lemons; add two and one-half cups of boiling water, three cups of sugar, one-half cup of flour, the yolks of three eggs, and one tablespoon of butter; cook until thick and clear; put in pans prepared with pastry, and bake. Beat the whites of eggs with a little sugar; put over top, and brown lightly.



LEMON PIE. MRS. H. A. MARTIN.

One lemon, the yolks of two eggs, one heaping cup of sugar, butter the size of a walnut, three cups of water. Grate the rind of the lemon, and squeeze out the pulp and juice; add the other ingredients; put in a stew pan, and let come to a boil; then stir in one large tablespoonful of corn starch, wet with cream. Bake crust first, and turn in filling. Beat up the whites of two eggs, with a little pulver ized sugar added, and put over the top. Put in oven, and brown a little.



LEMON PIE. MRS. E. HUGHES.

Grate the rind of one smooth, juicy lemon, and squeeze out the juice, straining it on the rind. Put one cup of sugar and a piece of butter the size of an egg in a bowl, and one good-sized cupful of boiling water into a pan on the stove. Moisten a tablespoonful of corn starch, and stir it into the water; when it boils, pour it over the sugar and butter, and stir in the rind and juice. When a little coo], add the beaten yolks of two eggs. Butter a deep plate, and cover all over with cracker dust (very fine crumbs). This is the crust. Pour in the mixture, and bake; then frost with the whites (beaten stiff), and brown.



LEMON PIE. MRS. JENNIE KRAUSE.

One heaping tablespoon of corn starch, one cup of boiling water, one cup of sugar, one egg, one tablespoon butter, and the juice and rind of one small lemon. Make into custard, and bake with bottom crust.



LEMON PIE. MRS. G. M. BEICHER.

For one pie, take one lemon, one cup of sugar, yolks of two eggs, one cup of water, and two heaping tablespoons of flour. After the pie is baked, beat the whites of the eggs with one tablespoon of sugar; spread over pie, and brown in oven.



LEMON PIE. MRS. MARY DICKERSON.

One cup of sugar, one large spoon of flour, the grated rind and juice of one lemon, two eggs, a piece of butter as large as a hickory nut, and two cups of boiling water; make into custard, reserving whites of eggs for the top.



LEMON PIES. MARY AULT.

For three pies, take one lemon, one egg, one tablespoonful of corn starch, one and one-half cups of sugar, one and one-half cups of water; boil all together for the custard.

CRUST.—One cup of lard, and a little salt, to three cups of flour.



LEMON PIE. MRS. FENTON FISH.

Beat thoroughly the yolks of two eggs with one-half cup of sugar; add one heaping tablespoon of flour, and one even tablespoon of corn starch, dissolved in milk; pour into one pint of boiling milk, and let cook about three minutes; add to this the juice and grated rind of one lemon, and pour into a baked crust. Beat the whites to a stiff froth; add one-half cup of sugar; spread on top. Put in oven, and let slightly brown.



MINCE MEAT. MRS. R. H. JOHNSON.

Chop fine four pounds of good boiled beef (one tongue is better), one pound suet, and eight apples; add two pounds of raisins (seeded), two pounds of currants, two grated nutmegs, two ounces ground cloves, one pound citron (cut fine), two pounds brown sugar, two tablespoonfuls salt, one pint boiled cider. This may be canned like fruit. When ready to bake pies, add a glass of grape jelly, diluted with water, a little butter, a few raisins, and sugar if needed.



SUMMER MINCE MEAT. MRS. G. A. LIVINGSTON.

Two teacups of sugar, one teacup of molasses, two teacups of hot water, one teacup of chopped raisins, one-half cup of butter, one-half cup of vinegar, two eggs, six rolled crackers or bread crumbs; cinnamon, allspice, cloves, and nutmeg to taste.



MINCE MEAT. MRS. B. TRISTRAM.

Three and a half pint bowls of chopped meat, two and a half bowls of suet, four bowls of apples, three bowls of raisins (half of them chopped), two bowls of currants, half a pound of citron (chopped very fine), seven teaspoons even full of salt, four teaspoons cloves, six teaspoons cinnamon, five teaspoons of mace, three nutmegs, four bowls of granulated sugar; mix with sweet cider.



PUMPKIN PIE. MRS. C. C. STOLTZ.

Two tablespoonfuls of cooked pumpkin, one egg, one-half cup of sugar, one-half pint of milk, cinnamon and nutmeg to taste, and a pinch of salt. This is enough for one pie.



PUMPKIN PIE. MRS. T. H. LINSLEY

One coffeecup of mashed pumpkin, reduced to the proper consistency with rich milk and melted butter or cream, one tablespoonful of flour a small pinch of salt, one teaspoon of ginger, one teaspoon of cinnamon, one half nutmeg, one half teaspoon of vanilla, one half teaspoon of lemon extract, two-thirds cup of sugar.

PUFF PASTE.—One third cup of lard, a little salt, mix slightly with one and one half cups of flour, moisten with very cold water, just enough to hold together; get into shape for your tin as soon as possible. Brush the paste with the white of egg. Bake in a hot oven until a rich brown.



BLUE STOCKING PUMPKIN PIE. MRS. U. F. SEFFNER.

Steam Hubbard Squash, or good sweet pumpkin, until soft, and put through a colander. Put one-half cup of butter into an iron frying pan over the fire. When it begins to brown, add one quart of strained pumpkin; let it cook a few moments, stirring all the time; put into a large bowl or crock; add two quarts of good rich milk, eight eggs, beaten separately, two large cups of sugar, one teaspoonful of salt, one of pepper, one of ginger, one of cinnamon, one of cloves, one grated nutmeg, and one tablespoonful of vanilla. Bake in moderate oven, with under crust only. Brush the crust with white of egg before filling. This will make five pies.



PUMPKIN PIES. MRS. E. FAIRFIELD.

One quart of pumpkin, one cup of Orleans molasses, one cup of brown sugar, one pint of milk, three eggs, one tablespoon each of nutmeg, ginger, and cinnamon, and one teaspoon of salt. This will make two large, or three small pies.



LEMON PIE. MRS. P. O. SHARPLESS.

One lemon; grate the yellow rind and squeeze the juice. One scant cup sugar, two tablespoons of flour (rounded full), the yolks of two eggs, beat until light; then add one and a half cups of boiling water, in which has been melted a heaping tablespoonful of butter; lastly, add three drops of vanilla extract. When baked, cover with the whites of two eggs, beaten to a stiff froth with four tablespoonfuls of sugar. Return to the oven until it is a very delicate brown. This makes two small pies, or one large one.



FIG TARTS. MRS. T. H. LINSLEY.

Make a puff paste; roll about twice the thickness you would for pie. Bake in forms cut with the lid of a pound baking powder can; score in eight parts about one-half inch deep; turn every other one to the center; pinch them together to hold the filling.

FIG FILLING FOR TARTS.—One-half pound figs; soak, and cut out the stems; mince very fine. To each cup of minced figs, put one cup of sugar, and one-half cup of water; boil until it jells. Fill the shells, and put on top a soft frosting.



LEMON TARTS. MRS. SUSIE SEFFNER.

One cup of white sugar, one grated lemon, whites of three eggs beaten to a froth, and butter the size of a walnut. Put on stove; let come to a boiling heat, but not boil. Stir in whites of eggs the last thing, and put in tart shells.



PUMPKIN PIE. MRS. R. H. JOHNSON.

One-half pint of stewed pumpkin, one pint of hot milk, one cup of brown sugar, one egg, one large tablespoonful of flour, one-half large tablespoonful of butter, one-half teaspoonful of ginger, one-half teaspoonful of vanilla.



PLUM PIE. MRS. JULIA P. ECKHART.

Line a pan with puff paste; put in a layer of Damson plums; sprinkle with cinnamon and sugar. Put in the oven, and let it bake until the crust is done; take from the oven; put on top a batter made from three eggs, one cup of sugar, three tablespoons of cold water, one cup of flour, one teaspoon of baking powder. This is sufficient batter to cover three pies. Serve warm.



MOLASSES PIE. MRS. L. M. DENISON.

One cup of sugar, one cup of molasses, one cup of cold water, one-half cup of butter or lard, four cups of flour, one tablespoonful of cinnamon, and one teaspoonful of soda. Bake in crust as you would custard pie.



RAISIN PIE. MRS. J. M. DAVIDSON.

One teacupful of raisins (seeded and chopped), one cup of sugar, the juice of one good-sized lemon, one cup of boiling water; set this on stove; let come to a boil; then add four heaping teaspoonfuls of flour, wet in a little cold water; after it boils again, put in a small piece of butter and a little grated nutmeg; let cool before making into pies. This makes one very large pie. By doubling the amount, you can make three good-sized pies. The filling will keep for some time.



CHEESE.

"I will make an end of my dinner; There's pippins and cheese to come." —SHAKESPEARE

HOW TO MAKE A WELSH RARE-BIT.

One-half pint of grated soft cream cheese and one-half cupful of cream, melted together in a sauce pan; add a little salt, mustard, cayenne pepper, a teaspoonful of butter, an egg, or yolks of two. Stir until smooth, and pour over the toast.



WELSH RARE-BIT. MRS. W. C. BUTCHER.

Cut up one pound of cheese in small pieces, and place in a dish, seasoning with salt and pepper; stir until melted. Have ready toast on a hot dish; cover slices with the melted cheese. Serve hot, as a relish. This is used as a course before serving a dinner.



CHEESE FONDA. MRS. W. C. BUTCHER.

Two scant cups of milk; add three eggs, beaten lightly; season with one teaspoon of butter, salt, red pepper, and a pinch of soda, dissolved in a little hot water; then add one cup of dry and fine bread crumbs, and one-half pound of grated cheese. The bread and cheese should both be dry before grating it. Put in a buttered dish, with dry crumbs on the top, and bake in rather a hot oven. Serve at once.



CHEESE SANDWICH.

Heat two cups of milk and one of grated cheese; then add two cups of fine bread crumbs, half teaspoonful of mustard, pepper and salt; mix it well. Spread thickly between thin slices of buttered toast.



CHEESE STICKS.

One cup of grated cheese, one cup of flour, a small pinch of cayenne pepper, butter same as for pastry; roll thin; cut in narrow strips. Bake a light brown in a quick oven. Serve with salads.



CHEESE STRAWS. MRS. FRED. SCHAEFFER.

One cup of flour, two cups of grated cheese, one teaspoon of salt, one teaspoon of baking powder, and water enough to roll out like pie dough; roll thin, and cut with pastry wheel in long, narrow strips. Bake in quick oven.



CHEESE WAFERS. FLORENCE ECKHART.

Take salted wafers, butter them on one side, and sprinkle thickly with grated cheese. Place in a dripping pan; put into a warm oven about fifteen minutes, and serve with meats or salad.

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