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Scientific American, Vol. 17, No. 26 December 28, 1867
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SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN



A WEEKLY JOURNAL OF PRACTICAL INFORMATION, ART, SCIENCE, MECHANICS, CHEMISTRY, AND MANUFACTURES.



NEW YORK, DECEMBER 28, 1867.

Vol. XVII.—No. 26. [NEW SERIES.]

$3 per Annum [IN ADVANCE.]

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Contents: (Illustrated articles are marked with an asterisk.)

*Improvement in Hulling and Cleansing Hominy

Nitro Glycerin

*Hisert's Adjustable Cultivator Tooth

Remedy for Cold Feet in City Cars

Getting Your Money Back

Patent Claims

Pending Applications for Reissues

The Last Number of Volume XVII

Commencement of a New Volume

A Change at the Patent Office

Obituary

How to Make Intelligent Workmen—Go and Do Likewise

The SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN as a Medium of Business

*Hunt's Improved Steam Packing Piston

The Iron Clads at Sea

*Improvement in Hand Drills

*Improved Method of Securing Cutters on Boring Bars

Tides and Their Causes

The Great Hoosac Tunnel

Horse-hair Snakes—Wonderful Transformation

Man Proposes, but God Disposes

Extraordinary Effects of an Earthquake

Recent American and Foreign Patents

Answers to Correspondents

Business and Personal

Manufacturing, Mining, and Railroad Items

Patent Office Decision

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Improvement in Hulling and Cleansing Hominy.

Many of our readers well remember when "hulled corn" was a standing winter dish. This was corn or maize the kernels of which were denuded of their "hulls" by the chemical action of alkalies, which, however, impaired the sweetness of the food. Hominy is corn deprived of the hulls by mechanical means leaving the corn with all its original flavor unimpaired. Hominy is a favorite dish throughout the country, but is not always entirely free from particles of the outer skin of the kernels. The mill shown in perspective in the engraving is intended to obviate this objection.



The corn is placed in the hopper, A, from which it is fed to the hulling cylinder contained in the case, B. The hulling machinery is driven by a belt on the pulley, C, the other end of the shaft of which carries a pinion which gives motion to the gear wheel, D. This, by means of a pinion on the shaft of the blower, E, drives the fans of the blower. On the other, or front end of the shaft which carries the gear, D, is a bevel gear by which another bevel gear and worm is turned. The worm rotates the worm gear, F, in two opposite arms of which are slots that carry pins projecting inwards, which may be moved toward or away from the center. This gear wheel turns free on the shaft that carries the pulley, C, and is intended for opening, by means of the pins in the arms and levers, a cover in the bottom of the hopper and a valve in the bottom of the hulling cylinder. Coiled or bent springs return these levers or valves to place when the pin which moves them has passed.

A wrist-pin on the gear, D, forms a crank which is connected to a bar at the rear end of the sieves, G, pivoted to an arm at H, by which the sieves have a shaking or reciprocating motion as the machine operates. The blower drives out the hulls and the motion of the sieves with their inclined position insure access of the air to every portion of the hominy.

It will be noticed that the connection of all the parts is absolute. The motion of the sieves, the speed of the blower, and the action of the inlet hopper valve and the delivery hulling valve are always exactly proportioned to the speed of the hulling cylinder, whether fast or slow. The upper or feed valve opens upward and has a downward projecting lip that shuts into a recess in its seat which insures security against leakage from the hopper to the hulling cylinder during the intervals of its being raised; a great advantage in hominy making, as no grain ought to get into the batch until that in the cylinder is done.

Patented Oct. 15, 1867, by John Donaldson, who may be addressed for further information at Rockford, Ill.

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Nitro-Glycerin.

Professor Doremus of this city was called as a witness at the inquest upon the bodies of the unfortunate persons killed by the recent explosion at Bergen, N.J. The Professor having previously analyzed some of the explosive mixture, testified as follows:—"I have subjected it to chemical analysis, and find it to correspond to the formula C{6}, H{3}, O{3}, and NO{5}; it is well made nitro-glycerin; the substance freezes at about 46; it is made to decompose in a very peculiar way; on moistening paper with it it burns with rapidity; it does not explode when red-hot copper is placed in it; we tried it with the most intense heat—we can produce with a galvanic battery with two hundred cells holding a gallon and a half each; some nitro-glycerin was placed in a cup and connected with one of the poles of the battery; through a pencil of gas carbon the other poles of the battery were connected with the glycerin, no explosion ensued; but when the point touched the britannia vessel the nitro-glycerin took fire, a portion burning and the rest scattering about; this is as severe a test as we can submit it to in the way of heat under the pressure of the air; we therefore would conclude that nitro-glycerin carried about exposed cannot explode, even if you drop a coal of fire into it; if the liquid is confined, or is under pressure, then an explosion will ensue; if paper be moistened with it and put on an anvil and a smart blow given with a hammer, a sharp detonation ensues; if gunpowder or the fulminates of mercury, silver or gun-cotton be ignited in a vacuum by a galvanic battery, none of them will explode; if any gas be introduced so as to produce a gentle pressure during the decomposition, then a rapid evolution of gases will result; the results of decomposition in a vacuum differ from those under atmospheric pressure or when they are burnt in a pistol, musket, a cannon, or in a mine; where we have little or no pressure it is difficult to get these substances to burn rapidly; nitro-glycerin is more difficult to explode than powder; in many respects it resembles gun-cotton which is made in a similar way; if gun-cotton be immersed in the proto-chloride of iron it turns into common cotton; the same experiment was tried with nitro-glycerin by mixing it with proto-chloride of iron, and it reverted into common glycerin; there are four well known varieties of gun-cotton made by employing acids of different strengths; they differ in chemical composition and properties, as well as in their explosive qualities; the late Minister of War in Austria in 1862 stated to me that he had ordered four hundred cannon for gun-cotton, and six months after he stated that he had ordered all the cannon to be changed and adapted to powder, in consequence of spontaneous combustions; much less is known of nitro-glycerin than of gun-cotton, and probably several varieties of this article may be formed as of gun cotton; this would explain cases of spontaneous explosion; if the nitro-glycerin is not carefully washed to get rid of the acid, a gradual decomposition will ensue, producing gases, which, if the vessel be closed, will explode; my opinion is that nitro-glycerin should be used in the most careful hands; do not think I would put it in the hands of a common laborer for blasting purposes; it is less dangerous in a frozen than a liquid state; I think concussion would explode frozen nitro-glycerin.

* * * * *



HISERT'S ADJUSTABLE CULTIVATOR TOOTH.

The object of the device exhibited in the engraving is to allow the teeth of a cultivator to turn slightly and avoid obstructions, while they will follow at all times the line of draft, so that in turning the cultivator there is no risk of breaking the teeth or their shanks, or of overturning the implement. The cultivator blade, A, may be of any desired form, and it is secured to the curved shank, B, which is pivoted by a bolt to the beam, C. On the under or lower side of the beam is an iron plate, D, having a projecting socket, E, which is the stud or pin on which the eye of the shank turns. A bolt passing through the socket and beam holds the shank in place. Farmers will readily perceive the advantages of this device. It may be applied to any or all of the different cultivators now in use. Patented Sept 3, 1867, by B.F. Hisert who may be addressed for rights to make or sell at Norton Hill, Green Co., N.Y., or address G.W. King, Scoharie, N.Y.



* * * * *



Remedy for Cold Feet in City Cars.

"Riding down town these cold mornings in the horse cars, the unpleasant sensation of chilled feet reminds us of the plan adopted in France and other parts of Europe to keep the feet of car passengers warm. This is accomplished by inserting a flattened iron tube along the bottom of the car lengthwise in the center, between the rows of seats. This tube is raised a little above the floor level of the car to afford a rest for the feet, yet, not enough to make a stumbling block. When the car leaves the depot this tube is filled with hot water from a boiler kept heated for the purpose, and this water retains its heat and gives a pleasant warmth to the feet of the passengers and the car generally, for about two hours, after which the tube is refilled at a convenient station on the road. In the case of our city cars this might easily be done, and be a cheap and exceedingly comfortable improvement."—Evening Post.

It should be understood that the French cars are arranged with small compartments like stage coaches, and the passengers sit face to face, with the warming tube above described under their feet. One tube for every six persons. We should be glad, indeed, to see this plan introduced here. But it is not to be expected that our city railroad companies will do anything for the comfort of their passsengers, while without such trouble they continue to reap rich harvests. Very likely the idea of loading a lot of hot water upon their cars, for passengers to stand upon, would strike them as a good joke. Their poor, broken down, spavined horses, could not stand any additional load.

* * * * *



Getting Your Money Back.

The French are a curious people and one of the novelties of Parisian enterprises is a large warehouse, in which are sold, at retail, all manner of goods, from a diamond necklace to a shoe brush. The purchaser, having paid the price, receives not only the goods, but a bond for the whole amount of his purchase money, payable, after thirty years, and guaranteed by the Credit Foncier and other moneyed corporations. The prices charged are said to be no greater than in any other retail shops. This is really eating your cake in order to keep it; the more you spend the richer you will be; indeed it sets at defiance the whole of Franklin's code of proverbs, and proves "Poor Richard" a silly fellow. Imagine Jones lecturing his wife on her economy, and reproaching her for a spirit of saving, "My dear, if you had bought this camel's hair shawl thirty years ago, it would now be a source of income to us; if you had not been so close we should now be wealthy." Smith acquires an independence by giving his children an expensive education, and sees in every new dress or costly jewel which his growing daughters wear, a new mine of wealth for himself. If he can only persuade them to spend money enough he is sure of a support in his old age.

* * * * *

A GIGANTIC BRIDGE.—A suspension bridge is to be erected by M. Oudry, engineer, over the Straits of Messina, Sicily, from Point Pezzo, on the Calabrian Coast. It is to consist of four spans of 3,281 feet each, elevated about 150 feet above high-water level, so that the largest ships may pass under. The proposed Roebling bridge over the East River, between New York and Brooklyn, is to have a single span of 1,600 feet.

* * * * *

The through mails to the West now go in iron-bound boxes instead of leathern bags. Each box, tightly packed, contains about eight hundred letters.

* * * * *

The first steam vessel used in Great Britain was called the Comet, and built by Henry Bell in 1812. It was thirty tuns burden.

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OFFICIAL REPORT OF PATENTS AND CLAIMS

Issued by the United States Patent Office,

FOR THE WEEK ENDING DECEMBER 10, 1867.

Reported Officially for the Scientific American

PATENTS ARE GRANTED FOR SEVENTEEN YEARS the following being a schedule of fees:—

On filing each Caveat $10 On filing each application for a Patent, except for a design $15 On issuing each original Patent $20 On appeal to Commissioner of Patents $20 On application for Reissue $30 On application for Extension of Patent $50 On granting the Extension $50 On filing a Disclaimer $10 On filing application for Design (three and a half years) $10 On filing application for Design (seven years) $15 On filing application for Design (fourteen years) $30

In addition to which there are some small revenue-stamp taxes. Residents of Canada and Nova Scotia pay $500 on application.

Pamphlets containing the Patent Laws and full particulars of the mode of applying for Letters Patent, specifying size of model required, and much other information useful to Inventors, may be had gratis by addressing MUNN & CO., Publishers of the Scientific American, New York.

* * * * *

71,836.—MACHINE FOR NOTCHING KNITTING NEEDLES.—W. Aiken, Franklin, N.H.

I claim 1st, The improved machine, substantially as described, for effecting the several operations of notching, slotting, boring, and burring a knitting machine needle blank, in the order and manner as explained.

2d, Also, the combination of one or more vibratory clamps, Y, the cam, E, and the two burrs or cutters, q r, for forming the notches in the needle blank such clamp or clamps, cam and cutters being provided with mechanism for operating them, substantially as described.

3d, Also the combination of one or more vibratory clamps Y, the cam, E, the two burrs or cutter wheels, q r, and the slotting burr or cutters, s, provided with mechanism for operating them substantially as explained,

4th, Also, the combination of one or more rotary clamps, Y, the cam, E, the burrs or cutter wheels, q r s, and the drill, u, provided with mechanism for operating them, substantially as set forth.

5th, Also, the combination of one or more vibrating clamps, the burring cutter, t, the drill, u, and the slotting cutter, s, arranged and provided with mechanism for operating, substantially as explained.

71,837.—TEA AND COFFEE POT.—Alfred Arnold, Tenafly, N.J.

I claim 1st, In a tea or coffee boiler, the base, D, so constructed and adapted, relatively to the other parts, that an oscillating motion will be imparted to the vessel by process of ebullition, substantially as shown and described.

2d, In combination with the base or heating-surface, D, the chambers, b b', and diaphragm, E, or their equivalents, substantially as arranged and described, and for the purposes shown.

71,838.—TOOL FOR SIZING LAMP CHIMNEYS.—Lewis J. Atwood, (assignor to himself and Holmes, Booth and Haydens), Waterbury, Conn.

I claim the adjustable sizing and shaping-jaws employed, substantially as specified, in the manufacture of glass lamp chimneys and similar articles.

71,839.—MODE OF PREVENTING THE UNTWISTING OF THE ENDS OF WIRE ROPE BANDS.—Arthur Barbarin, New Orleans, La.

I claim a wire rope band, in which the ends of the several wires composing the same are soldered together, substantially as herein described and shown in the accompanying drawings, and for the purposes set forth.

71,840.—SPRING-BED BOTTOM.—Alonzo B. Baty, Binghamton, N.Y.

I claim the construction and application of the bracket, B, in combination with the bail or pendant, C, the springs, D D, transverse pieces, F F, and slats, A A, all being constructed substantially as herein described and represented, for the purpose set forth.

71,841.—HORSE-RAKE.—H.L. Beach, Montrose, Pa., assignor to Beach Wheel Horse-Rake Manufacturing Company, N.Y.

I claim 1st, The teeth heads, N, constructed and operating substantially as described.

2d, In combination with the teeth heads, N, the teeth, Q, substantially as described.

3d, The arms, K, and teeth heads, N, combined and operating substantially as set forth.

4th, The cleaners, M, teeth heads, N, and teeth, Q, when combined for the purposes indicated.

5th, The blocks, f, pins, c, sliding bar, E, and lever, G, when combined for the purposes set forth.

6th, The hooks, i i, and pins, j, secured in the axle for the purpose shown.

7th, The washers, P, combined with the teeth and teeth heads, substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,842.—APPARATUS FOR LIGHTING STREET GAS-LAMPS.—J. W. Beard, St. Johns, New Brunswick.

I claim the combination of the hook, F, and the perforated cap, E, with the lamp, D', to be affixed on a pole or staff, as set forth.

Also, the combination of the curved or hooked arms, c c, with the key, k, of the cock of the burner, and their arrangement with respect, to the opening in the bottom of the lantern, as explained.

Also, the combination of the socket tube, e, with the lamp, D', its hook, F, and perforated cap, E.

Also the combination of the receiving tube, f, and bayonet connection, g, with the socket tube, e, the lamp, D', its hook and perforated cap, as described.

71,843.—CALIPER AND T-SQUARE.—Joseph Bennor, Philadelphia, Pa.

I claim the rule, a, stand, c, slide, m, legs, p and q, marker, u, cutter, w, with their several described appendages, all combined in the manner and for the purpose substantially as shown and described.

71,844.—REFRIGERATOR.—Ferdinand Borchard, Detroit, Mich.

I claim 1st, A refrigerator which is provided with movable racks, H, within cooling chambers which are arranged beneath an ice chamber, B, constructed with inclined walls, a a a, a drip pan, D, and an ice-supporting rack, c, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2d, Providing the movable racks, with sliding brackets, I, which are so applied as to serve as supports for the outer ends of the racks when drawn partially out of their respective apartments, substantially as described.

71,845.—CONSTRUCTION OF METAL SALVERS.—George Brabrook, (assignor to Reed and Barton), Taunton, Mass.

I claim the arrangement and combination of the metallic ring and cap molding together, and with the waiter or salver, in manner substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Also, as a new or improved manufacture, a waiter or salver of britannia metal, having a metallic strengthening-ring and cap molding combined and arranged with its body in manner as specified.

71,846.—MANUFACTURE OF SHOES, ETC.—M.L. Brett, Warren, Ohio.

I claim the construction of a seamless shoe, etc., by felting, in the manner set forth, as a new article of manufacture.

71,847.—CONSTRUCTION OF SCOOPS.—Theo. C. Bromley, Fort Howard, Wis.

I claim the cone-shaped back and the circular raised brace.

71,848.—WATER-RESERVOIR FOR EXTENSION-TOP STOVE.—Chas. H. Buck, St Louis, Mo.

I claim 1st, the boiler, D, constructed with a depression in its rear side, in combination with a stove made with the extended top, A, and with a stovepipe, C, which is entirely independent of the boiler, but still is partly enclosed by the boiler, in the manner and for the purpose described.

2d, The boiler, D. with its depression in its rear side made wholly independent of the pipe, C, but capable of enclosing a portion of said pipe, and of being removed without disturbing the pipe, as herein described and shown.

71,849.—JOURNAL-BOX.—T.F. Burgess, Lowell, Mass.

I claim the drips, e e, and conducting holes, d d, in combination with the recesses, b b, when arranged to operate substantially as described and for the purposes fully set forth.

71,850.—HAY ELEVATOR.—E.H. Carpenter, Dexter, Mich.

I claim 1st, In combination with a cable, A, frame, F, wheels, G, sheave, E, and rope, C, the disengaging device, consisting of a collar, M, stop, L, and vertical catch, K, enclosing the cable, A, and rope, C, and operated substantially as described.

2d, The combination of the frame, F, rope, C, collar, M, stop, L, catch, K, and valves, H, cams, I, and lever, l', said parts being constructed and the whole arranged substantially as set forth.

71,831.—STEAM GENERATOR.—C.E. Case, Xenia, Ohio.

I claim the metal cup, G, constructed and arranged substantially upon the principle and in the manner herein set forth.

71,852.—LOOM FOR WEAVING PALM-LEAF, ETC.—Geo. W. Chandler, (assignor to himself and Lysander F. Thompson), Fitchburg, Mass.

I claim 1st, The hinged holder, G, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

2d, The combination of the hinged fingers, c c, with the ribs, b b b, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

3d, The combination of the adjustable weight, G', with the bottom of the holder, for the purposes set forth.

4th, The combination with the hinged fingers, c c, of the hinged holding-piece, G", substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

5th, The fingered stop or guard piece, h', with the holder, G substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

6th, The combination, with the stand or plate, h, of the grooved hinged flap, i, for supporting the guard or stop piece, h'.

7th, The combination with the ribbed holder, G, of the guide piece, s, as and for the purposes set forth.

The combination of the feed arm, m, with the slide-piece, n, and lever, 26, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

9th, the combination with lever, 26, of the adjustable ears, 27 27, for the purposes stated.

10, The combination with slide piece, n, and table, L, of the connecting piece, 21, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

11th, The combination with the slotted slide piece, M", and connecting piece, 21, of the double shouldered bolts, 18 18, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

12th, The combination with the curved lever, M, and the slide piece, M", of the bent levers, M' M', substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

13th, The combination with the arm, 70, and notched bar, w, of the sping-pawl, t, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

14th, Mechanism for separating the pieces of material to be fed, constructed and combined for operation substantially as described, and as shown in fig. 7, of the accompanying drawings.

15th, The combination with a loom for weaving palm-leaf and other cloth, of a push-finger, 41, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

16th, The combination with the stem of the push finger, 41, of the catch-piece, 42, lever, 44, and operating springs, 43 and 46, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

17th, The combination with the slide, n, of the projection or dog, 47, for releasing lever, 46, from the catch-piece, 42, as set forth.

18th, The combination with the hinged table, L, of the mechanism for separating and feeding the material, substantially as set forth.

19th, The combination with the stationary bed, L", and stand, 72, of the hinged table, L, and catch, o, substantially as set forth.

20th, The combination and relative arrangement with the table, L, bed, L", and holder, G, of the evener knives, 12 and 14, as shown and set forth.

21st, The combination with the bridge piece, 50, of the hinged dog, 52, and bell-spring, 53, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

22d, The combination and relative arrangement of mechanism, substantially such as is shown and described for communicating the proper motions to the feed arms, S, from lever, K.

23d, The combination with a loom for weaving palm-leaf of mechanism substantially such as shown and described for stopping the loom, as set forth.

71,853.—PITMAN COUPLING.—G. W. Clark, Manchester, Ind.

I claim the arrangement of forked pitman, A G G', bolt, H, screw shanked hook, D, and nuts, F F', or their equivalents, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

71,854.—MACHINE FOR MAKING LEVEES.—Ernest Comeaux, Bayou Goula, La.

I claim 1st, The endless apron in combination with the hinged adjustable frame, K, operating as described for elevating the earth used in making levees, in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

2d, The combination of the endless apron, F, chains, H, slats, J, and adjustable supporting-frame, K, and standards, L, as herein described for the purpose set forth.

3d, The above in combination with the spur-wheels, C and B, and the endless chain, D, as herein described for the purpose set forth.

72,855.—CONSTRUCTION OF ROOF.—M. De K. Cutts, Richmond, Va.

I claim 1st, A tobacco drying house which is provided with a sectional hinged roof in combination with frames, A, which support the tobacco leaves while being dried and cured substantially as described,

2d, The supporting posts, G, in combination with hinged sections, B B', elevating devices, and supporting frames, constructed and arranged in such manner that the leaves of tobacco upon said frames can be exposed to the action of the sun and air at pleasure substantially as described.

71,856.—CAR BRAKE.—Shadrach Davis, Dartmouth, Mass.

I claim a car brake, consisting of the broad connecting bar, C1, which rests on pivots, F1, working in slots, and has the brake-shoes movable fixed to it, the whole combined as described, operated by the bar, I2, and screw rod, H2, and by contact with the wheels as and for the purposes set forth.

71,857.—FEEDER FOR GRAIN MILL.—Michael Decamp, South Bend, Ind.

I claim 1st, The combination of the device, D, bridge ring-bearing, a b, feeder, c, and collar, e, substantially as described,

2d, The toothed eccentric, J, in combination with lever, G, and collar, e, substantially as described.

71,858.—PAINTER'S EASEL.—Paul Deschause, New York city.

I claim 1st, The extensible legs, consisting of the hinged legs, a, and their extension sliding parts, b, made and arranged substantially as described.

2d, Also the combination of the legs with the toggle-brace, c c, substantially as described.

3d, Also, the extensible rest, composed of the fixed part, e, and the sliding part, d, in combination with the fixed and movable clamps, f g, substantially as described.

71,859.—GUIDE FOR SAW IN SAW MILLS.—Hiram P. Dillingham, Norwalk, Ohio.

I claim the plates, A and A', guides, B B', and C and C', the whole constructed substantially as described, and operating as and for the purposes set forth.

71,860.—PRODUCING CALCIUM MAGNESIUM LIGHT.—Chas. A. Dresser, New York city. George A. Dresser, Trustee;

I claim the preparation of dolomite, native or artificial substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,861.—CALENDAR ATTACHMENT TO INKSTAND.—Sam'l. R. Dummer, New York city.

I claim 1st, An inkstand, etc., constructed with a series of shoulders or rests, B, whether one or more and one above another, in combination with the rings, C, and plate or frame, D, or their respective equivalents substantially as and for the purpose described.

2d, In combination with the above, the two tubes, H M, and plunger, O, as herein set forth for the purpose specified.

71,862.—PLANING MACHINE FOR WOOD.—G. B. Durkee and W. H. Murray, (assignor to themselves and I. T. Safford), Chicago, Ill.

We claim 1st, The employment of two separately adjustable cutter heads in a single machine, so that the axis of one cutter may be at the angle of the other at a different angle, and both cutters operating at the same time upon the same board, substantially as specified.

2d, The crossheads, C, cutter-heads, E, screws, D and G, in combination with the standards, B, constructed and operating substantially as specified.

71,863.—SELF-ADJUSTING RELAY MAGNET.—J. M. Fairchild, (assignor to himself, J. K. Bundy, and J. M. Townsend), New Haven, Ct.

I claim the arrangement of the head, C, combined with the magnet so as to be self-adjusting in relation to the armature, substantially as herein set forth.

71,864.—CORN CAKE CUTTER.—Leonard Felker, Tewksbury, Mass.

I claim the rotating cylinder i, with its cutters, i'i', in combination with the rotating cylinder, f, with the stationary knives, f'f', and adjustable finishers, g g, when arranged to operate substantially as described and set

2d, The pressure rotating cylinder, f, with stationary knives, f'f', and adjustable finishers, g g, substantially as described and set forth.

3d, The clearer, m, in combination with the rotating cutters, i'i', as described.

4th, The adjustable stands, d d, and lever, p, in combination with the table, b', and weight, o, when arranged to operate substantially as described.

71,865.—MEASURING FAUCET.—Elisha Fitzgerald, N. Y. city.

I claim the combination of a four way cock with a receptacle having a movable partition operated by the water, substantially as described, for the purpose of limiting and determining the amount of water to be discharged, as specified.

Also, in combination with the above, the dial and pointer, to indicate the amount of water discharged, as described.

71,866.—TWEER.—Charles C. Forncrook, Hermitage, N. Y.

I claim the combination of the valve, d, adjustable bridge, g, chamber, B, and tweer, A, arranged and operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

71,867.—COTTON TIE.—John H. Fraley, New Orleans, La.

I claim the combination of the buckles, A and B, when they are constructed and united as described, with the ends of hoop iron, when bent into the form of hooks, as and for the purpose set forth.

71,868.—BRIDGE.—John Glass, George P. Schneider, and William B. Rezner, Cleveland. Ohio.

We claim, 1st, The tubular flanged sections, A B, as arranged in combination with the diaphragm, C, for the purpose and in the manner substantially as set forth.

2d, The tubular arch, as constructed, with sections, A B C, in combination with the foot block, I, provided with a flange or boss, K, when arranged in the manner as and for the purpose set forth.

71,869.—OIL CUP.—John H. Gomer, New York city.

I claim the combination of the cap, B, with its screw flange, b, and case, A, provided with suitable tube, C, in the manner and for the purpose herein specified.

71,870.—PEAT MACHINE.—George D. Goodrich, Chicago, Ill.

I claim, 1st, The adjustable bearing for the shaft, B, composed of two or more segments, r, constructed and operating substantially as described.

2d, The separate troughs, I, located below the tempering mill, when more than one expelling screw is employed, so as to give each screw a separate and independent action, substantially as specified.

3d, The cutter or knife, F, for cutting the material into suitable lengths in a peat machine having a continuous discharge from the expelling mill, substantially as specified.

4th, Closing the mouth of the die by an adjustable intermittent stop or knife, when so arranged that the movements can be varied with respect to the movements of the other operating parts of the machine, substantially as specified.

5th, The double slotted plate or wheel, K, provided with the sockets, h, and pins, i, for the purpose of adjusting the movements of the cutter stop or knife, F, substantially as described.

6th, The combination of the separate troughs, I, expelling screws, H, and cutter stop, F, with a tempering mill, substantially as specified.

71,871.—RATCHET BED KEY.—William M. Gray, Brooklyn, N. Y.

I claim the bed key constructed and arranged as above described, as a new article of manufacture.

71,872.—MODE OF PREVENTING THE EXPLOSION OF LAMPS.—Cyrus P. Grosvenor, McGrawville, N.Y.

I claim the application to lamps or heaters, using coal oils, alcohol, or other explosive substances, of such a burner as will supply the vacuum made in the reservoir by the combustion with nitrogen gas, the burner being constructed as herein described, or in any other form substantially the same, and which will produce the intended effect.

71,873.—CAR-AXLE BOX.—Joseph Harris, Dorchester, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The roller guides, i, with detached radial joints, substantially as described.

2d, In combination with the system of rollers and box, g, the construction of the axle, with its extension, e, and shoulder, d, as and for the purpose set forth.

71,874.—WASHING MACHINE.—Job H. Haskell (assignor to himself and Horace Taplin), Lowell, Mass.

I claim the general construction and combination of all the parts, consisting of the cylinder, G, series of yielding rollers, a, roller stands, k, spring bars, f, levers or arms, m, spring bar, D, transverse bar, R, rod, O, and the box, the whole arranged to operate substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

71,875.—HORSE RAKE.—John V. Hawkey (assignor to himself and Israel T. Sheffler), Greensburg, Pa.

I claim, 1st, A rake shaft or head, arranged outside of the periphery of the wheels, projecting laterally beyond them, and so jointed that its sections can be folded vertically upon the carrying frame without detaching any of the parts of the rake, substantially as described.

2d, An axially turning rake-shaft, so jointed that its outer sections can be folded inwards without detaching any of its parts.

3d, The combination of the inner fixed section of the rake shaft with the outer vertically folding sections, projecting beyond the wheels, substantially as and for the purpose described.

4th, The combination, substantially as described, with a jointed rake shaft, of hinges allowing the sections to fold vertically, and a locking device to hold them rigidly when unfolded.

5th, The arrangement as described, of the top pins, m, on the folding sections, to secure them in position when folded up.

6th, The combination in a horse rake, of an axially turning folding rake shaft, with a rock shaft controlled by a handle on the driver's platform to raise and lower the teeth.

7th, The arrangement, in a horse rake, of an axially turning jointed rake shaft, mounted on the rear end of the thills, and supported on two wheels mounted on independent axles.

71,876.—APPARATUS FOR DRAINING SUGAR.—James B. Hill, Allegheny City, Pa.

I claim the combination and arrangement of the hopper, C, provided with valve, d, case, B, screen, R, distributing drum, P, distributor, f, provided with valve, i, scraper, S, chute h, and pipe, t, the whole being constructed, arranged, and operating substantially in the manner herein described, and for the purpose set forth.

71,877.—CENTRIFUGAL MACHINE FOR DRAINING SUGAR.—James B. Hill, Allegheny City, Pa.

I claim the use of a fan when used in combination with the shield, m, distributor, f, screen, R, case, B, hopper, C, and scraper, S, constructed, arranged, and operating, substantially in the manner herein described, and for the purpose set forth.

71,878.—CARD HOLDER.—Samuel L. Hill, Brooklyn, N.Y.

I claim, in combination with a back or support, the use or employment of any number of strips when the same shall be constructed and combined substantially as shown for the purpose specified.

71,879.—FISHING LINE SWIVEL.—Martin Hiltz, Gloucester, Mass.

I claim the improved swivel, as made with the screw bolt, D, and the nut chamber, e, arranged and combined, as explained, with the parts, A B C, constructed and applied together as specified.

61,880.—IMPLEMENT FOR LIGHTING GAS.—Thomas W. Houchin, Morrisania, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, Placing a receiver, A, at the lower end of a tube, B, for the purposes fully described.

2d, The combination of a receiver, A, tubes, B, and wick chamber, C, when the same shall be constructed substantially as described, for the purposes set forth.

71,881.—CORN-POPPER.—J. W. Howe, and J. K. Barton, Worcester, Mass.

We claim, 1st, The combination of the twisted wires, a a a' a', with the handle, B, and receptacle, A, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2d, The combination of the wires, a' a', with handle, B, receptacle, A, and cover of the same, as and for the purposes described.

3d, The combination of the wires, a a a' a', with each other, receptacle, A, and cover of same, as shown and described.

71,882.—COPY BOOK.—Benj. G. Howes, Worcester, Mass.

I claim the copy book, constructed substantially as described.

71,883.—PETROLEUM GAS BURNER.—G. A. Hyver, New Orleans, La.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the pipe, D, when filled with finely broken charcoal, with the concentric or annular chamber, F, the latter being provided with pipes, b, extending upwardly into the cup furnace or heat retort, H, as and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

2d, The combination of the pipe, D, when filled with finely broken charcoal, the concentric or annular chamber, F, pipes, b, and pipe, d, with the gas pipe, c, when the latter is provided with the valve, J, for regulating the flow of gas, as and for the purpose described.

3d, The gas pipe, c, when constructed and arranged with relation to the chamber, F, and one of the pipes, b, as described, in combination with the valve, J, for the purpose set forth.

4th, The combination of the concentric or annular chamber, F, and pipes, b, with the cup furnace or heat retort, H, when the latter is constructed as described, and shown upon the drawings, and occupies the relation to the former herein set forth, for the purpose set forth.

5th, The pipe, d, in combination with one of the pipes, b, for the purpose of affording a light for illuminating purposes, as herein described.

71,884.—SHAFT COUPLING.—John Keesey, Chester, Pa.

I claim the combination of the box, hub, or shell, B, reverse wedge-shaped blocks, C C', and bolts, D D', with their nuts, E E', or the equivalents of these devices, arranged for operation together, substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.

71,885.—CLAMP SCREW.—Charles L Kingsley (assignor to Charles Parker), Meriden, Conn.

I claim the nut, E, formed with the seats, F, and the lever, G, formed with the trunnions, I, so as to be combined and operate in the manner and for the purpose described.

71,886.—MACHINE FOR BENDING WOOD.—Joseph Klahr, Bernville, assignor to himself, W.R. Weand, C.H. Zink, and James J. Wagenhorst, Philadelphia, Pa.

I claim, 1st, The formers, F F', with their arms, p p', levers, k k', and catches, q, or their equivalents, in combination with the clamps, G, the whole being constructed and operating substantially as and for the purpose described.

2d, The combination of the above, the weighted levers, D D', and the links, l.

3d, The adjustable plates, B B', with their shoulders, c, operating in combination with the formers, and their projections, q, substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,887.—OIL CAN.—George Alvan Knowlton, Natick, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The stoppers, D and I, retracted from their respective orifices by a single trigger, H h', and provided with two springs, G J, to insure the effective closure of both said orifices, substantially as described.

2d, In a valved oil can, constructed as above specified, the arrangement of the trigger, H h', obliquely on the upper side of the handle, A', as and for the purpose set forth.

71,888.—FENCE.—Ira Lackey, Lebanon, Ohio.

I claim the combination of the sills, A, braces, C, and hooks or loops, i j, with the grooved posts, a c, of the panels, when the parts are constructed and arranged to form a detachable and portable fence, in the manner and for the purpose specified.

71,889.—BUTTER DISH.—Nathan Lawrence (assignor to Reed and Barton), Taunton, Mass.

I claim the arrangement and combination of the friction spring with the cover and vase, the journal and the bearing to extend entirely around the said journal, as specified.

71,890.—HARVESTER RAKE.—Edward J. Leyburn, Lexington, Va.

I claim, 1st, Connecting the rake arm, E', to a loose collar, c, on reel shaft, B, by means of a pivot, d', carrying an arm, f, in combination with the jointed connecting rod, h, substantially as described.

2d, The arresting plate, G2, in combination with the rake pivot, d', arm, f, and collar, c, and connecting rod, h, substantially as described.

3d, The cam plate, G G1, in combination with the rake pivot, d', loose collar, c, and connecting rod, h, substantially as described.

4th, The anti-friction roller, i, applied to the arm, f, of the rake pivot, in combination with the arresting plate, G2, substantially as described.

5th, Connecting the arm, f, which is in the rake pivot, d, to the reel shaft or reel arm thereof, by means of a rod, h, and universal joint, h', substantially as described.

6th, The application of a weight, g, to an arm, f, of the rake pivot, when said arm is upon a loose collar, c, and arranged to operate substantially as described.

71,891.—WASHING MACHINE.—Reuben Lighthall, Brooklyn, N.Y.

I claim the detachable holder, A, with the set screw, B, in combination with the slotted lever, D, and the rollers, F F', and the cam, H, as and for the purpose set forth.

71,892.—PROCESS FOR RENDERING PAPER, CLOTH, AND THE LIKE, FIRE AND WATER PROOF.—Robert O. Lowrey, Salem, N.Y.

I claim the process, substantially as herein described, of treating fibrous and other materials for rendering them fire and water proof.

71,893.—COMPOSITION OF MATTER FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF WATER PROOF PAPER AND OTHER ARTICLES.—Robert O. Lowrey, Salem, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, The new compound or composition of matter, produced by the treatment of vegetable fiber, substantially as described.

2d, The process herein described of treating vegetable fiber for producing a new compound, substantially as set forth.

71,894.—STREET SWEEPER.—Robert Y. McConnell and Geo. Pringle, Rochester, N.Y.

We claim, 1st, The pinions, a, of the counter shaft, s, combined with carrier wheels, W, of street sweepers, by suitable sliding clutches, c, all arranged substantially as shown and described, and for the purpose of equalizing the strength and efficiency of those portions of the machine.

2d, The broom shaft, b, and the counter shaft, s, arranged substantially as shown, being held by means of the adjustable rigid straps, y, for the purposes set forth.

3d, The spring clutches, c, governed by means of the hand lever, D, connecting rod, f, lever, k, and the counter inclined planes, m, all arranged and operating substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

71,895.—UTERINE SUPPORTER.—Frederick Meriwether, Tamola, Miss.

I claim the combination, as described, of the spring, E, composed of copper or other soft metal, with the pessary, for the purposes set forth.

Also, the combination, substantially as described, of the pelvic spring, the vertically adjustable bar and set screw, the soft metal spring, E, the pessary pillar, F, and the pessary, for the purposes specified.

71,896.—RAILROAD SIGNAL.—Abraham S. Miller (assignor to himself, J.P. James, and Charles Folsom), Zanesfield, Ohio.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the trigger, E, and rock shaft, F f, with a railroad signal and suitable intermediate connections, so arranged that the contact of the train with said trigger shall throw the signal into its conspicuous position, substantially as described.

2d, The arrangement of the trigger, E, rock shaft, F f, arm, H, link, I, lever, G, wire, J, eccentric lever, L, catch, M, and shaft, B, signal, A, and weight, B', or its equivalent (P P1 P2 Q), substantially as and for the purpose specified.

3d, The arrangement of the trigger, E', rock shaft, F' f', arm, H', and rod or other suitable connection, N, all arranged and operating substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

4th, The combination, with the disk or signal, A, of the reflecting plate, a substantially as and for the object stated.

71,897.—SPINNING WHEEL.—Henry Miller, Ronald Township, Mich.

I claim the arrangement of the adjustable and hinged rods and levers, constructed as herein described, for connecting the rocking treadle with the hinged spindle arm, so that the operator, by the foot, may move the spindle arm out or in at pleasure, as set forth and represented.

71,898.—BOOTS AND SHOES.—Charles Mole, Pembroke Terrace, Regent's Park, London, England.

I claim the manufacture of a movable boot heel in two parts, to be adjusted in different positions by means of a single central projection taking into a single slot hole or countersunk part, and secured in position by means of a central screw or pin, whether such projection and hole or countersunk part be square or many sided, and no matter what the shape of these sides, so that the shape of the projection and that of the hole which is to receive it be identical, the whole substantially as hereinbefore described and illustrated on the annexed sheet of drawing.

71,899.—WATER COOLER AND REFRIGERTOR.—Alfred Murden and Henry L. Cooper (assignors to themselves and Fiancis Warner), New Haven, Conn.

We claim the arrangement of the cylinder, A, and outer cylinder, C, so as to form a water space, D, and combined with covers, E and G, so as to form a chamber, F, above the water space, D and ice cylinder, A, so that the cover, E, forms the bottom of and the cover, G, the top of the said chamber, in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

71,900.—CONSTRUCTION OF STAMPED SHEET METAL KETTLES.—Frederic G. Niedringhaus and William F. Niedringhaus, St. Louis, Mo.

We claim the spout of a kettle when formed by pressure from the bottom and top plate of the kettle, when constructed substantially as shown and specified.

71,901.—BREAST STRAP SLIDE.—O.B. North (assignor to O.B. North & Co.), New Haven, Conn.

I claim, 1st, The arrangement of the hinged tongue, E, upon the plate, A, so as to cover the ring, substantially in the manner herein set forth.

2d, Constructing the hook or projection, D, upon the inside of the plate, by forming an opening, d, through the plate, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

71,902.—SNOW PLOW.—Abel Nutting, Quincy, Mass

I claim the rotary plow, arranged to operate substantially as set forth.

Also, in combination with such a plow, inclines, or shares, fixed, with respect to the frame by which they are supported, substantially as described.

71,903.—STEAM GENERATOR.—Isaac R. Oakford, Philadelphia. Pa.

I claim a steam generator, composed of a series of cylindrical boilers, of round ends, provided with openings for steam and water, and arranged in a vertical and inclined position, in the manner and for the purpose above set forth and described.

71,904.—CASTER FOR FURNITURE.—P.B. O'Brien and Wm. E. Sparks, New Haven, Conn., assignors to P.B. O'Brien.

We claim the arrangement of the spring, a, in the spindle, B, and combined with the socket, C, so as to operate in the manner substantially as described.

71,905.—RAILWAY FROG.—Staats N. Park, Bloomsbury, N.J.

I claim, 1st, So constructing the frogs of railways that the frog plate and the rail or track sections, guard rails, and frog point are separate from each other, and so that the rail sections and guard rails and frog point can be inserted in or attached to and detached from the frog plate, for the uses and purposes set forth.

2d, So constructing the frogs of railways or the frog plate, that the track rails of any railway can be extended upon and combined with such frog plate to form the track or rail section of the frog, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

71,906.—HARVESTER.—Henry W. Pell, Rome, N.Y.

I claim. 1st, The carriage, C, supported at both ends on wheels or rollers, cc, running on a guide way, S, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

2d, The rib or groove joint between the friction rollers and guideway, to sustain the lateral pressure, as set forth.

3d, The clevis pin or whiffletree bolt, B, attached to the center of the carriage, C.

4th, The independent attachment of the draught clevis to the whiffletree bolt to permit the independent oscillation of the whiffletree without affecting the clevis.

71,907.—MEDICAL COMPOUND.—M. Perl, New Orleans, La.

I claim the medical compound herein described, when made by the process and composed of the ingredients herein specified, in the proportions stated, for the purpose set forth.

71,908.—MACHINERY FOR SHAVING AND SLOTTING SCREWS.—Elijah S. Pierce, Hartford, Conn.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the cam, M, the sliding frame, Y, the spindle, A, the pulley, P, the clamp, C, the spring, S, and the rest, R, or their equivalents, with a shaving tool, and one or more nicking saws, substantially as herein specified.

2d, The combination of the sliding frame, Y, the spindle, A, and the clamping device, C, with a shaving tool and one or more saws, substantially as described, for the purpose of shaving, nicking, and turning screw blanks or other similar articles, while held in the same jaws.

71,909.—DOUBLE SCREW.—Elijah S. Pierce, Hartford, Ct.

I claim the double screw herein described and shown, as a new article of manufacture.

71,910.—APPARATUS FOR PRESERVING MEATS, FISH, POULTRY, AND OTHER PERISHABLE ARTICLES.—Charles F. Pike, Piovidence, R.I.

I claim, 1st, Constructing a tubular ice box, with holes or openings in the tubes or pipes, at or near the bottom, to let the air out into the chamber, F, and slots or openings into the ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, near the top, and so get the combined and double purpose of radiation, conduction, and internal circulation of the air in the chamber, F, substantially as and for the purposes set forth and described in the drawing and specification hereunto annexed, without confining myself to any particular form, size, or shape of the pipes or tubes, whether they be vertical or horizontal, round, square, oval, oblong, or in any other form, neither do I confine myself to any particular form of ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository.

2d, The perforating or making slots, holes, or openings in the tubes or pipes, near the bottom, for the purposes set forth and described, howsoever the same may be made, whether used in connection with the ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, as described, or without the openings in the ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, for the purpose of the rotating of the air.

3d, The ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, with its openings to let the air into and on to the ice in this ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, for the purpose of taking off the moisture in the preserving room, at or near its top, whether the tubes connected to the bottom of this ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, are perforated or not, or whether the ice receptacle reservoir, or depository, is removed altogether, and the tops or collars of the tubes or pipes are perforated.

4th, The ice box, receptacle, reservoir, or depository, A, as described, pipes or tubes, B C D L, pan, E H, room, F, substantially as described and set forth, with their appendages.

71,911.—MULTIPLYING REFLECTORS FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA.—D.W.S. Rawson, Peru, Ill.

I claim, 1st, The reflector box, A, the doors and shade wings, B B, the bars, C C, the non-reflecting division, D D, surrounding and between the several mirrors, the base board, F, and the slide board, G, and the double pivot, H, when used for the purposes herein described.

2d, The use of the lever for the purpose of adjusting the reflectors.

3d, The moving of the reflectors with the slide, G. to produce more than one set of impressions on the same plate, or an equivalent movement.

71,912.—CAR SPRING.—Wm. F. Ray, Fort Wayne, Ind.

I claim a series of reflexed springs, so constructed that the bows slide into each other, the whole being adjustable so as to regulate the amount of elasticity, as described.

71,913.—LAMP BURNER.—Henry Read, Providence, R I.

I claim the skeleton bottom, B, in combination with the perforated cylinder, C, and cone, D, when constructed and arranged substantially as described and for the purpose specified.

71,914.—APPARATUS FOR TAMING WILD ANIMALS.—Peter R. Sanderson, Caledonia, N Y.

I claim the construction and use of a circingle strap, as described, with the sheaves, A A A A, and their attachments to said circingle, and the slipping straps, B B B B, and rope, C, when arranged substantially as described for the purpose specified.

Also, the combination of the above parts, A A, etc., B B, etc, and C, with any harness, arranged substantially as described for the purpose designed.

71,915.—JOURNAL BOX.—Wm. Sherburne, Charlestown, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The bolt, E, constructed as and for the purposes above described.

2d, The bolt, E, in combination with the jaw, m, and oil box, B, substantially and for the purpose above specified.

71,916.—HORSE AND CATTLE POKE.—Nelson Sylvester, Weymouth, Ohio.

I claim, 1st, The head, B, cross bar, E, in combination with the springs, F, and spikes, a, for the purpose and in the manner substantially as set forth.

2d, The cross bar, E, as arranged in relation to the yoke, C, and in combination with the poke, A, in the manner as and for the purpose specified.

71,917.—CORN PLANTER.—Frank J. Smiley, Marshall, Mich.

I claim, 1st, In combination with a wheeled machine for planting corn or other seed at regular intervals, a "perambulator," substantially as described, when hung concentrically to a revolving seed cylinder, C, and operated in connection therewith, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein in specified.

2d, When operated in connectin with a revolving seed cylinder, the arrangement and combination of the dropping tubes, t, and their attachments with the tappet pins, T, and receiving basins, K, for dropping and conveying the seed to the furrowers, substantially as set forth.

3d, The pendant gage-bars, h, in combination with the gage plates, g, substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,918.—WHIP RACK.—Charles A. Smith, Philadelphia, Pa.

I claim a whip rack composed of metal or other inelastic material, and furnished with a series of divisions or apartments, with a hinged tongue or flap in each, and suitable openings in each apartment for the insertion and retention of a whip, substantially as described.

71,919.—METHOD OF HARDENING AND BLEACHING ARTICLES MADE OF SOAPSTONE, TALC, ETC.—Henry Julius Smith, Boston, Mass., assignor to Joseph C. Wightman, Newtonville, N. Y.

I claim, 1st, The heating in a closed vessel, and in contact with carbon, the above described substances, or articles formed therefrom, for the purpose of hardening and toughening the same, substantially as above described.

2d, The removal, either before or after the hardening process, of impurities producing discoloration, by the action of a bath of melted chloride or sodium, or other chemical compound operating in like manner.

71,920.—HANDLE FOR TEA AND COFFEE POTS.—Enos E. Stow, Plantsville, Ct.

I claim a handle, as made hollow or tubular, and provided with openings in or through it, that when applied to a pot or vessel, warm or heated air may be caused to pass into and through and out of such handle, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

71,921.—AERIAL CARRIAGE AND WAY.—Daniel Towse, Pittsburg, Pa.

I claim the combination of the endless wire rope or ropes, A A, pulleys, T T T' T", and piers, B B B' B", with the suspended carriages, H H H H, arranged and operating as specified.

71,922.—AERIAL CARRIAGE AND WAY.—Daniel Towse, Pittsburg, Pa.

I claim the combination of the wire ropes, A A, piers, B B B B, reel, F, and rope, P, with the carriage, H, arranged and operating in the manner set forth.

71,923.—AERIAL CARRIAGE AND WAY.—Daniel Towse, Pittsburg. Pa.

I claim the combination of the two aerial ways, A A' A" A'", the drum, C, with the carriages, H H, and ropes, f f, constructed and operating as specified.

71,924.—ATTACHMENT TO THE REGULATORS QF WATCHES—Wm. B. Tucker, Hillsboro, Ohio.

I claim the combination of the screw-arbor, c, and the toothed segment, e, with the regulating lever, d, and the scale base plate, a b, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

71,925.—BILLIARD CUE TIP.—Joseph A. Veazie, Boston, Mass.

I claim the new or improved composition, substantially as described, in which ground leather is an important constituent.

Also, the combination of a layer of such composition and one or more layers or strata of leather or caoutchouc, or both, such being for the formation of cue tips, as explained.

71,926.—CAR SPRING.—Richard Vose, New York city.

I claim a volute spring, formed or constructed of a coiled metallic bar, whose thickness is greater transversely upon one edge thereof than at any other point therein, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

71,927.—APPARATUS FOR TURNING ON GAS.—W.P. Wage [assignor to himself and M. Clarke], Barre Centre, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, The cylinder, E, and the piston, F, in combination with the lever, D, or their equivalent, operated by the means and in the manner and for the purpose specified.

2d, Lighting gas by electricity, in combination with the apparatus above described for turning on gas, as shown and described.

71,928.—HORSE HAY FORK.—George H. Waldo, Prattsburg, N.Y.

I claim the tines, b b, bail, f f, curved holding tine, I, spring, J, pulley, l, rope, k, all constructed and operated substantially as herein set forth.

91,929.—MACHINE FOR ROLLING LEATHER.—J.H. Walker, Worcester, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the horizontal way, G, slide, H, and roll, b, with tables, K and M, and treadle operating device, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

2d, The combination, with the pieces, C C, of the truss rods, E E, bridge, F, way, G, and slide, H, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

71,930.—FERTILIZER AND CORN PLANTER COMBINED.—Samuel H. Wallize, Washingtonville, Pa.

I claim the arrangement of the devices, slide, G, and roller, D, as connected and operating together, with the crank, F, so as to drop the guano and corn through a single spout, to prevent choking, as herein described.

71,931.—WASHING MACHINE.—D.T. Ward, Cardington, O.

I claim, 1st, The segmental or convex washboard, E, actuated by levers, D, in combination with the reciprocating washboard, F, and connecting arms, H, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

2d, In combination therewith, the spring, j, rod, k, and slots, I, arranged and operating substantially as described.

3d, The gate, p, in combination with the horizontal reciprocating washboard, F, and tub, A, arranged and operating substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

71,932.—CORN PLANTER.—John R. Weber, Bourbon, Ind.

I claim, 1st, The springs, m, on the shaft, e, in combination with the dropping cylinders, k, as and for the purpose described.

2d, The combination of the foot board, c', forked lever, d" m", connecting rods, e", and cross piece, h", arranged and operating as explained.

3d, The combination of the frame, B, elbow levers, m', connecting rods, n' s', arms, o' t', and shafts, r' u', as and for the purpose set forth.

4th, The combination of the transverse shaft, v, sliding bar, s, hook, r, pins, o, block, n, and dropping cylinders, k, substantially as described.

5th, The combination of the crank, w, arm, x a', spring, b, and sliding bar, s, arranged and operating as set forth.

6th, The combination of the lever, a", shaft, v, pinion, e', and spring, e"', when used independently, or in connection with the frame, B, substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,933.—BED BOTTOM.—David S. Williams, Coldwater, Mich.

I claim the combination of the loop, A, rods, B, spring band, C, rods, D, webbing, E, slats, F, wires or equivalent, G, in the manner described.

71,934.—INSTRUMENT FOR ADMINISTRATION OF ANSTHETICS.—Osborn Wilson, Aurora, Ill.

I claim, 1st, The construction of an instrument with inhaling and exhaling tubes, provided with valves, working automatically and alternately in opening and closing the tubes by the respiration of the patient, substantially in the manner and for the purposes as herein specified.

2d, Providing the instrument with a spring valve and air tube for regulating the administration of nitrous oxide and other ansthetics, substantially in the manner and for the purposes as herein specified.

3d, The construction and arrangement of stock, A, mouth piece, B, inhaling and exhaling tubes, C' C, plate, D, air tube, E', valve, E, spiral spring, b, valves, c c, rods, d d, fulcra, e e, arm, f, and rod, g, substantially in the manner and for the purposes as herein specified.

71,935.—CIDER MILL AND PRESS.—Martin Winger, Ephrata, Pa.

I claim, 1st, A series of press boxes, D, with perforated sides and an external cogged flange, d, all connected in the form of a wheel revolving horizontally, with its cross-arms, N, secured centrally to a vertical shaft, L, in combination with the bearing, M, and step, O, sustained on a framework, A B B', all arranged substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified.

2d, With the revolving press boxes, D, the press block and central upright, K, E, pulley, G, guides, F, arms, e, in combination with the inclined planes, H and R, all arranged and operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified.

3d, In combination with the revolving box wheel, D D N N, and pressing arrangement, the hinged drop bottom, Q, in combination with a series of rollers or pulleys, P, or their equivalents, for the purpose and in the manner shown and described.

4th. In combination with my horizontal box wheel, the arrangement of the gearing and mill hopper, X, and crushers, W V, pinions, Y S, on shaft, all combined substantially m the manner specified.

5th, In combination with an apple mill, a cider press, with a series of presses in a horizontal revolving wheel, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

71,936.—CURB FOR WATER WHEEL.—Albert Winton, Chambersburg, Pa.

I claim, 1st, The serpentine or double curved chute gates, O O, when formed with surfaces tapering or sloping from their centers towards their ends, and so arranged, relative to intermediately situated diaphragms or plates, r r, that one of the tapering ends of said chute gates, O O, shall project beyond the circumferences of the rims, a a c e, and extend so as to enter slots, or between the prongs of fork-like arms, K L K L, to be operated in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described.

2d, The annular adjustable rim, or ring, i i, provided with the fork-like arms, K L K L, and with the moving lever or crank, m, and the fulcrum pin, h, all arranged to operate the chute gates, O O, substantially as shown and described.

71,937.—HARVESTER.—James Winters and Charles C. Gapen, Lacon, Ill.

We claim the skeleton frame, A, or its equivalent, provided with an adjustable clevis, and attached to the end of the tongue, or reaping and mowing machines, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein described and represented.

71,938.—SASH TOP.—Orson E. Woodbury, Madison, Wis.

I claim, 1st, The cam, slotted at H D I, forming bearings at either extremity for the screw or other support, when the cam is operating against the catch, C, at the points, F or O, all as described and for the purpose specified.

2d, The catch, C, with the spikes, G G, constructed and used as and for the purposes hereinbefore named.

71,939.—PEAT AND BRICK MACHINE.—Charles D. Wrightington, Fairhaven, and Benjamin P. Rider, Boston, Mass.

We claim, 1st, In combination with the mold wheel having the series or sets of molds in it, a series of plungers revolving with said wheel and operated in succession by the eccentric journal and frame, Q, substantially as and for the purpose described.

2d, Also in combination with a mold wheel having a series of cogs interposed by a series of concave stops, blanks or abutments upon its periphery, a drive wheel having cogs and a blank surface on its perimeter so that the mold wheel may be moved, stopped and locked by said drive wheel which has a continuous movement, substantially as and for the purpose described.

3d, Also the location and arrangement of the cam over and around the blank on the perimeter of the drive wheel so that while the mold wheel is stopped and locked by said drive wheel which continues its movement said drive wheel shall operate the pushers to discharge the pressed bricks or blocks from the molds, substantially as described.

71,940.—.TOY.—Derrick Adams, Lansingburg, N.Y.

I claim an automatic toy having the legs of the horse and the head and arm of the driver actuated by mechanical devices, in manner substantially as herein described and for the purposes as set forth.

71,941.—EAVES TROUGH FASTENING.—Philip Ahn, Brandon Vt.

I claim the bolt, c, combined with the elastic strap, e, substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,942.—INFLATING RUBBER BALLS.—Henry A. Alden, Fishkill, N.Y., assignor to the New York Rubber Company.

I claim the application to rubber balls or other hollow articles requiring to be distended by inflation of the combined bulb and tube, substantially in the manner and for the purposes herein shown and set forth.

71,943.—REAMER.—Charles Allardice, Cohoes, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, A shank, A, formed substantially as described in combination with the cutters, B, and nut or screw ring, O, the whole operating as set forth.

2d, In combination with the shank, A, cutters, B, and nut, C, the nut, e, bolt, g, and washer, g', formed as described and employed for the purposes specified.

71,944.—BOLT ATTACHMENT TO DOOR LOCK.—William H. Andrews [assignor to Burton Mallory], New Haven, Conn.

I claim the bolt, E, constructed arranged within the lock case in combination with the follower, F, constructed with a cam, I, and spring, H, so as to hold the bolt securely in both its locked and unlocked position, substantially in the manner herein set forth.

71,945.—MECHANISM FOR PRESENTING PALM LEAF TO LOOMS.—Isaac Angell, Malden, Mass.

I claim for employment in connection with a loom for weaving with palm leaf or similar weft a mechanism substantially as set forth which automatically presents in succession the entering ends of single pieces of weft in such position with relation to the cross sectional form of each that each piece will be carried into the shed or web flatwise.

Also the mechanism for effecting the elevation and release of the weft, substantially as described.

Also the plate, d, with its rectangular perforations and the gate or slide for clamping a single piece of weft projecting through the plate, substantially as shown and described.

Also a mechanism substantially as set forth for "knocking off" the weft raising mechanism when a piece of weft is presented.

71,946.—BLACKBOARD FOR SCHOOLS.—William Arroquuier, Worcester, Mass.

I claim covering the plaster, B, with a coating, C, composed of the ingredients named and applied in the manner above described whereby the proper color and roughness are obtained as set forth.

71,947.—MODE OF OPERATING SWELL IN MELODEONS.—C.E. Bacon [assignor to himself. George A Prince and Calvin F.S. Thomas], Buffalo, N.Y.

I claim the arrangement of the swell pedals side by side with the bellows pedals and contiguous to and parallel therewith, for the purpose and substantially as described.

71,948.—MATERIALS FOR TRANSMITTING HEAT.—William C. Baker, New York city.

I claim the employment of salted water, glycerin, or their equivalents, to prevent freezing in transmitting and diffusing heat through ordinary pipes, tubes or radiators for the purpose of warming and ventilating railroad cars, public vehicles and buildings, substantially as herein described.

71,949.—LAMP BURNER.—George E. Baldwin (assignor to E. Miller & Co.), West Meriden, Conn.

I claim the arrangement of the auxiliary or ventilating tube, E, with the wick tube, B, combined with a solid partition, F, in the base of the burner so as to form a close chamber around the tubes and wick adjuster, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

71,950.—AUTOMATIC TOOTH PLUGGER.—Burr Bannister and George F. Green, Kalamazoo, Mich.

We claim, 1st, The combination of an engine operated by means of compressed air with a tooth plugger for the purpose set forth and described.

2d, The lock, F, in connection with spring, 1, operated by cross head of piston rod, in the manner and for the purpose specified.

71,951.—CAR COUPLING.—William F. Barlow (assignor to himself, James Bower and W.A. Jackson), Monmouth, Ill.

I claim, 1st, The catch, C, slotted draw head, A, and weight, X, combined as described and for the purpose set forth.

2d, The rods, M N and H, and elbow, K, combined as described and operating in combination with the elements of the first claim arranged substantially as described and for the purpose set forth.

3d, The weight, X, arranged as described for the purpose set forth.

71,952.—HARVESTER RAKE.—John Barnes, Rockford, Ill.

I claim 1st, The inclined serrations, h h h, on the face of the rake head for the purpose of compacting the gavel.

2d, A compressor or supplementary rake pivoted to the rake handle and moving parallel to the rake head, substantially as described.

3d, The combination substantially as described of an automatic rake, a compresser and an interposed spring for the purpose set forth.

4th The combination substantially as described of a reel revolving continuously on a horizontal shaft a rake mounted on the same shaft [on trunnions arranged diagonally to the shaft], and a shipping device by which the rake may be thrown into gear between any two of the beaters of the reel and by which it may automatically be thrown out of gear at the end of its stroke.

5th, The combination substantially as described of the inclined rake handle with the trunnions or pivots revolving on the reel shaft, and arranged diagonally thereto.

6th, The combination substantially as described of the rake handle pivoted on trunnions diagonal to the reel shaft and the friction roller with a guide vertical below the axis of the rake and deflected both horizontally and laterally above that axis, as and for the purpose set forth.

7th, The combination substantially as described of the rake handle and shipping lever whereby the rake throws itself out of gear after discharging the gavel.

8th, The combination substantially as described of a rake mounted on trunnions revolving on a horizontal axis in a fixed relation to the guide which controls the movements of the rake with a revolving reel having an endwise movement on the same axis whereby the rake can be thrown out of gear by moving the reel endwise without stopping the reel.

71,953.—TRY SQUARE AND BEVEL.—Samuel N. Batchelder, Prairie du Chien, Wis.

I claim, 1st, The blade B, pivoted within the stock, A, and provided with a hooked projection, e, by means of which and the hook slide, D, the blade, B, may be set and held at any desired angle, substantially as described and for the purpose specified.

2d, The hook slide, D, with the thumb screw, E, arranged and operating substantially as shown and described for the purposes set forth.

3d, The spiral spring, F, in combination with a combined try square and bevel, substantially as described.

71,954.—PLATE LIFTER.—David B Beaty, Aurora, Ind., assignor to himself and James Lamb.

I claim the curved wires, B B B, having hooks at their lower ends and connected to a handle, A, said handle being provided with a wire loop formed into a spring which connects to the wires, B, so that by pressing upon this spring, C, the wires, B, are caused to separate and release the plate, all constructed as specified.

71,955.—SUSPENSION BRIDGE.—Charles Bender, N.Y. city.

I claim, 1st, The construction and arrangement of one or more yielding joints connecting the beams or trusses of stiffened suspension bridges, substantially as herein described.

2d, The attachment of the ends of the cables or chains at or near the first or shore piers to the longitudinal beams or trusses of stiffened suspension bridges, substantially as set forth.

3d The means and method by which the ends of the beams or trusses of stiffened suspension bridges are secured to the shore piers by vertical anchorage and the arrangement of suitable joints, v, in said anchors, substantially for the purpose described.

4th, The means and method employed to reduce the side motion by attaching the longitudinal beams or trusses of stiffened suspension bridges to the central piers sidewise said attachment being on one pier perfectly immovable in any horizontal direction while at the other piers allowance is made for the variations of the length of the beams substantially as set forth and described.

71,956.—FOLDING TRUNK.—O.K. Bernbaum, Brooklyn, N.Y.

I claim the folding ends in combination with the hinged sectional back and front for the purposes herein fully described.

71,957.—SOFA BEDSTEAD.—Charles H. Berry, East Somerville, Mass.

I claim the combination of the lower position, a, the seat, b, and head, d, and the hinged or movable panel, e, in a sofa or lounge, substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,958.—CHURN.—Thomas Bisbing, Buckstown, Pa.

I claim the combination of the removable frame, B, sliding frame, C, ratchet bar, G, and pinion wheel, H, with each other, with the body, A, of the churn, and with the dasher shaft, I, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

71,959.—HAT-FELTING MACHINE.—Job W. Blackham, Brooklyn, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, The duplicate series of rolls, b and bN', and rubbers, C and CN' or their equivalent, with their water pans, N N', and jets of hot water or steam, as represented, arranged to operate together in the manner and for the purpose herein specified.

2d, Mounting the reciprocating rubber over the bed of rolls so as to allow of its ascent and descent by means of springs, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

71,960.—BUILDERS' SCAFFOLD.—John E Bliss, Oxford, Ind.

I claim the combination of the right angled pivoted frame, A, and adjustable sliding bars, B and D, with each other, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

71,961.—SUBSTITUTE FOR MILK FOR CATTLE.—Rufus K. Blodgett, near Fulton, Ill.

I claim, 1st The use of white or blue clay, when used for the purpose above specified.

2d, The combination of flour, catechu and clay, when mixed and used for the purposes above set forth.

71,962.—FIRE LADDER.—Johan Blomgren, Galesburg, Ill.

I claim, 1st, The stuffing coil, O, inserted into the lower port of the tube H H', and forced up or down in the tube by the cog wheel, M, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

2d, The basket, R, in combination with a fire escape having the hinged side, T, and the adjusting rod, S, substantially as and for the purpose described.

3d, The construction of the stuffig coil, O, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

71,963.—SAFETY GUN LOCK.—Charles Bowlen, Milwaukee, Wis.

I claim tumbler, F, with its pin, G, in combination with dog, H, with its slot, I, substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,964.—VENTILATOR FOR BUILDINGS.—Thomas Boyd, Cambridgeport, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the chamber, A, with or without the lenses, B, cone, C, and rods, D, constructed and arranged to operate substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2d, The combination of the oscillating cap, K, and elastic pads, I, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

3d, The arrangement of the chamber, A, cone, C, pipes E and H, and cones, G and K, substantially as set forth.

71,965.—DOOR LATCH.—Purmort Bradford (assignor to Sargent & Co.), New Haven, Conn.

I claim the construction of the latch bolt with the pivot bearings, a and b, upon opposite sides combined with a single central pivot upon the plate so as to be adjustable for a right or left-hand door and the said plate constructed with a slot through which the latch is operated, in the manner herein set forth.

71,966.—PLOW.—Harvey Briggs, Smithland, Ky.

I claim, 1st, Forming the land side, mold board frame and upper and lower strengthening floors, b1 and b2, solid in one piece B, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

2d, The combination of the conical rollers, D, and their boxing frame, H, with the mold board frame, B, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

3d, Forming the boxing frame, H, in two parts, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

4th, forming an oil trench or channel, J, in the boxing frame, II substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

5th, The combination of the elastic washers or packing, I, with the journals and bearings of the rollers and wheels, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

6th, The combination of the adjustable friction wheel, F, and stationary friction wheel, E, with the solid hand side and mold board frame, B, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

7th, The combination of the vertical flanged friction roller, G, with the land side of the plow, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

71,967.—PIANO STOOL.—Josua Briggs, Peterboro, N.H.

I claim, in combination with the pillar and feet, the socket block, m, having recesses formed with side lips or flanges, o, to fit into groves, q, in the feet and bottom seats, p, between which and the shoulder on the pillar the feet are securely continued, substantially as described.

Also the center piece, w', fitting upon and covering the screw bolt and nut which confine the pillar to the base, substantially as shown and described.

Also constructing the socket block, m, with a center socket, t, into which the tail piece of the pillar fits and is confined, substantially as described.

Also making the screw spindle removable from the seat, substantially as set forth.

71,968.—PLOW.—T.E.C. Brinly, Louisville, Ky.

I claim, 1st, The mode of attaching the beam, D, to the plows by a socket, C, connected with the land side by braces, B B, substantially as set forth.

2d, The combination of the socket, C, constructed with diagonal flanges, C', the handles, and the beam, substantially as set forth.

71,969.—COMBINED SHOVEL AND SIFTER.—Stephen P. Brooks (assignor to himself and Benjamin Woodward), Somerville, Mass.

I claim the within-described combined shovel and sifter, constructed and operating substantially as set forth.

71,970.—SEAT AND DESK.—A.H. Brown, May's Landing, N.J.

I claim the hinged brace, J, passing through the guides, M, upon the inside of the ends, B, of the seat and hinged to the outer edge of the folding desk, H, all arranged as described whereby the gravity of the brace, J, as the desk is raised causes the L-shaped notch, L, to fit and catch in the guide, M, to hold the said desk raised, for the purpose specified.

71,971.—GRAIN FORK.—E G. Bullis, Manchester, Iowa, assignor to Charles J. Riggs, same place, and said Riggs assignor to D E. Lyon, Dubuque, Iowa.

I claim, 1st, The combination of a band-cutting device with a pitching fork, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2d, The combination of the rearwardly-extended parts of the tines, C, the cross head, B, grooved bars, E, sliding cutter, F, and springs, L, with each other, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

3d, The combination of the pivoted or jointed bars, G H I, with the sliding cutter, F, shank, J, of the fork head and handle, A, substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.

71,972.—SEED PLANTER.—Matthew S. Burdick. Milton, Wis., assignor for himself and John M. May.

I claim, 1st, Thumb screw, I, in combination with part, H, and seed cup bar, D, when constructed, connected together and used substantially as and for the purposes described.

3d, Seed-cup bar, E, or its equivalent, when combined with seed-cup bar, D, in the same planting machine so that corn and pumpkin seed and other flat seeds, as squash and melon seeds, may be planted at one operation, substantially as described.

3d, Spring, O, or its equivalent, attached to and combined with seed-cup bar, E, substantially as and for the purposes described.

4th, Jaws or points, F and G, provided with partitions, h and h, for the purpose of dividing the seed, when used in combination with parts, A and A' B and E and N, substantially as described.

5th, A general arrangement and combination of legs or bars, A and A', hoppers, B and C, seed-cup bars, D and E, covering, N, and jaws, F and G, when constructed, connected together and used substantially as and for the purposes described.

71,973.—PULLEY BLOCK.—John A. Burnap, Albany, N. Y.

I claim the arrangement of the frame, E, and pulley, F, through the eye of which is inserted the frame, A, having a series of rollers, a a, the whole constructed and used substantially as specified.

71,974.—SADIRON.—Jesse S. Butterfield and Joseph A. Reed, Philadelphia, Pa.

We claim, 1st, The steadying, pin, d", in combination with the sectors, d"' d"', on the guard-plate, d', the said parts being constructed and arranged to operate in connection with the planes, a"' a"', on the projection, a', substantially as and for the purpose described.

2d, The projection, a', on the base, A B, with its two opposite sectors or inclined planes, a" a", constructed and arranged to receive and hold down the inward ends, c" c", of the feet of the handle, C D, substantially as described and set forth.

3d, The projecting ends, c" c", of the handle, C D, constructed and arranged to operate in combination with the spaces, b' b', and planes, a" a", substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,975.—PRUNING SHEAR.—Seth P. Carpenter, Milford, Mass.

I claim the new or improved manufacture of pruning shears, as hereinbefore described, that is, as composed of the blades, a b, the lever, C, the long shank, B, the lever, D, the open handles, C C', the arm, f, and the rod, g, arranged and combined in manner, and for the purpose, and to operate substantially as specified.

71,976.—WASHSTAND AND CLOTHES DRYER.—Frances H. Carrier, Bridgeport, Conn.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the clothes drying apparatus with the washbasin, when they are constructed, arranged, and fitted for use substantially as herein described and set forth.

2d, The combination of the cups, b c d, or their equivalents, with the wash basin, when they are constructed, arranged, and fitted for use as a toilet apparatus, substantially as herein described and set forth.

71,977.—SPICE CASE.—John T. Carter and John Park. Lowell Mass.

We claim, 1st, The cups or boxes, c c, when arranged to operate substantially as described, and for the purposes fully set forth.

2d, The springs, k k, in combination with the cups or boxes, c c, for the purpose described and set forth.

3d, The combination and arrangement of the case, a, with its feet, d d d, handle, e, loop, f, and shelves, b b b b, cups or boxes, c c, and spring, k k, all for the purposes substantially as described and set forth.

71,978.—APPARATUS FOR PAINTING OR GRAINING PAILS, ETC.—Jonathan Carter, Winchendon, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the flexible painting or die printing roll with the supplying roller, for painting, graining, ornamenting pails, or other tapering articles.

2d, The mechanism for holding and revolving the pail, when mounted on a bench or table, in combination with the movable printing or die roll, operating substantially in the manner as and for the purposes set forth.

3d, Casting graining or other ornamental configurations on conical rolls so as to form a continuous body, for the purposes herein described.

4th, Making die or printing conical rolls in sections, and securing them to the staves so as to change their position for making a greater variety of ornamental designs for graining and ornamenting hollow ware, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

5th, Applying a smooth coat or body of paint or varnish with a flexible roller to pails, tubs, or other articles of hollow ware, substantially in the manner herein set forth.

71,979.—SAWYERS' RULE.—Thos. Carter, Louisville, Ky.

I claim, 1st, A scale so constructed and adjusted that any two of the three quantities of the thickness of the planks, the diameter of the log, and the number of the planks cut or to be cut from the log being given, the third of said quantities is read off from the scale in the manner substantially as above set forth and described.

2d, A scale exhibiting the number of turns to be given to the screws of the log carriage for cutting plank or boards of any desired thickness.

71,980.—CAST METAL CASE FOR SPRING BALANCE.—John Chatillon, New York city.

I claim a cast metal case for spring balances, when provided with a perforated or slotted upper head for the reception to the pin, b, and when made substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and described.

71,981.—VACUUM GRAIN DRYER.—Geo. Clark, Buffalo, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, the three essential features or parts: the air tight grain chamber, the radiations heating pipes or floors, and the vacuum-producing apparatus, combined and operating substantially as herein set forth.

2d, the arrangement of the steam heating pipes within the grain chamber, substantially as set forth.

3d, The graduated gage vessel, H, arranged as and for the purpose set forth.

71,982.—DOOH LATCH.—Francis Clymer, Galion, Ohio.

I claim the mode of attaching a combined latch and hasp, B, and staple, F, to doors, by means of slots, I and H, so as to permit the adjustment of the same substantially as set forth.

71,983.—CLAMP.—Geo. H. Coo and Geo. H. Snow, New Haven, Conn.

We claim the herein described clamp, consisting of the head, C, upon one arm of the body, [Transcribers note: illegible letter], the opposite arm, provided with a corresponding foot, and the said head having arranged therein levers, D, and combined with a screw, B, so as to operate to clamp between the screw and the foot, substantially as set forth.

71,984.—BOAT DETACHING TACKLE.—David L. Cohen, Pensacola. Fla.

I claim the combination of the notched bars, a a, with the grooved blocks, B B, the sliding blocks, C, pitman, D D', and lever, F, substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,985.—APPARATUS FOR ELEVATING WATER.—J.R. Cole, Keaton Station, Tenn.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the chamber, F, provided with the short pipes, p p', and the pipes, p", with the pumps, G H, and the chambers, C D E, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2d, The combination and arrangement, for the purpose described, of the chambers, C D E F, pipes, p p' p", P P' P", and pumps, G H, the latter working alternately, so as to maintain a constant pressure upon the water in the chambers, substantially in the manner specified.

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