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The Allinson Vegetarian Cookery Book
by Thomas R. Allinson
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DR. ALLINSON'S COOKERY BOOK

Comprising many valuable Vegetarian Recipes

T. R. ALLINSON

1915



INDEX

A Dish of Snow Allinson's Custard Almond Cheesecakes Almond, Chocolate, Pudding Almond Custard Almond Pudding (1) Almond Pudding (2) Almond Rice Pudding A Month's Menu for One Person Analysis Apple Cookery— Apple Cake Apple Charlotte Apple Dumplings Apple Fool Apple Fritters Apple Jelly Apple Pancakes Apple Pudding Apple Pudding (Nottingham) Apple Sago Apple Sauce Apple Tart (open) Apples, Buttered Apples, Drying Apples (Rice) Eve Pudding Apple & Barley (Pearl) Pudding Apple Charlotte Apple Custard, Baked Apple Sauce Apple Souffle Apple & Orange Compote Apricot Cream Apricot Sauce Apricot Pudding Artichoke Salad Artichoke Soup Artichokes a la Parmesan Artichokes a la Sauce Blanche Artichokes aux Tomato Asparagus, Boiled A Week's Menu

Baked Apple Custard Baked Custard Baked Custard Pudding Banana, Wholemeal Pudding Barley (Pearl) and Apple Pudding Barley Soup Batter, Celery Batter, Jam Pudding Batter, Potato Batter, Pudding Batter, Sweet Batter, Vegetable Bean, French, Omelet Bean Pie Beans, Butter, with Parsley Sauce Belgian Pudding Bird's Nest Pudding Biscuits— Butter Chocolate Cocoanut Blackberry Cream Blancmange Blancmanges Blancmange, Chocolate Blancmange, Eggs Blancmange, Lemon Blancmange— Orange Mould (1) Orange Mould (2) Blancmange, Semolina Blancmange, Tartlets Boiled Onion Sauce Bread and Cakes— Barley Bannocks Buns Bun Loaf Buns, Plain Chocolate (1) Chocolate (2) Chocolate Macaroons Cocoanut Biscuits Cocoanut Drops Crackers Cinnamon Madeira Cake Doughnuts Dyspeptics' Oatmeal Bannocks Sally Luns Unfermented Victoria Sandwiches Wholemeal Gems Wholemeal Rock Cakes Bread and Cheese Savoury Bread and Jam Pudding Bread Pudding (steamed) Bread Puddings, substantial Bread Souffle Bread Soup Bread, Wheat & Rice Bread, Wholemeal Fermented Brown Curry Sauce Brown Gravy Brown Gravy Sauce Brown Sauce (1) Brown Sauce (2) Brown Sauce & Stuffed Spanish Onions Brunak Butter Beans with Parsley Sauce Butter Biscuits Buttered Apples Buttermilk Cake Buckingham Pudding Bun Pudding

Cabbage Cabbage and Eggs Cabbage Soup Cabbage Soup (French) Cabinet Pudding (1) Cabinet Pudding (2) Cabinet Pudding (3) Cake, Lunch Cakes— Apple (German) Cocoanut Rock Cornflower Crisp Oatmeal Ginger Sponge Lemon Light Madeira Orange Plain Potato Potato Flour Queen's Sponge Rice (1) Rice (2) Rock Seed Seed (1) Seed (2) Seed (3) Seed (4) Seed (5) Seed (6) Sly Sponge (1) Sponge (2) Sponge, Roly-poly Tipsy Wholemeal Wholemeal Rock Canadian Pudding Caper Sauce Caper Soup Caramel Custard Caramel Cup Custard Carrot Pudding Carrot Soup (1) Carrot Soup (2) Carrots and Potatoes Carrots and Rice Carrots with Parsley Sauce Cauliflower au Gratin Cauliflower and Potato Pie Cauliflower Pie Cauliflower Salad Cauliflower Soup Cauliflower with White Sauce Celery a la Parmesan Celery Batter Celery Clear Soup Celery Croquettes Celery, Italian Celery, Steamed, with White Cheese Sauce Celery, Stewed, with White Sauce Charlotte, Apple Cheese & Bread Savoury Cheese and Eggs Cheese & Egg Fondu Cheese and Spanish Onions Cheesecakes, Almond Cheesecakes, Potato Cheese, Cream, Sandwiches Cheese, Macaroni Cheese Omelet Cheese, Potato Cheese Salad Cheese Sandwiches Cheese Souffle Chestnut Pie Chestnuts, Vanilla Chocolate Almond Pudding Chocolate Blancmange Chocolate Biscuits Chocolate Cake (1) Chocolate Cake (2) Chocolate Cream Chocolate Cream (French) Chocolate Cream, Whipped Chocolate Macaroons Cinnamon Madeira Cakes Chocolate Mould Chocolate Pudding Chocolate Pudding, Steamed Chocolate Sandwiches Chocolate Sauce Chocolate Souffle Chocolate Trifle Chocolate Tarts Christmas Pudding (1) Christmas Pudding (2) Christmas Pudding (3) Christmas Pudding (4) Clear Celery Soup Clear Soup Clear Soup, with Dumplings Cocoa Pudding Cocoanut Biscuits Cocoanut Drops Cocoanut Pudding (1) Cocoanut Pudding (2) Cocoanut Rock Cakes Cocoanut Soup Colcanon College Pudding Compote of Oranges and Apples Corn Pudding Corn Soup Corn, Sweet, Fritters Cornflower Cake Crackers Cream— Apricot Blackberry Cheese Sandwiches Chocolate Chocolate (French) Chocolate, Whipped Egg Lemon Lemon Tarts Macaroon Macaroni Orange Raspberry Russian Strawberry Swiss Vanilla, and Stewed Pears Whipped Crisp Oatmeal Cakes Croquettes, Potato Croquettes, Celery Crusts for Mince Pies Cucumber Salad Cup Custard Currant (Black), Tea Currant Sauce, Red and White Curry Balls Curry Sandwiches Curry Sauce (1) Curry Sauce (2) Curry Sauce, Brown Curry Savoury Curried Eggs Curried Lentils & Rice Curried Potatoes Curried Rice Curried Rice & Lentils Curried Rice and Tomatoes Custards— And Fruit Puddings Allinson's Almond Baked Baked Apple Caramel Caramel Cup Cup Frumenty Gooseberry Gooseberry Fool In Pastry Macaroni Macaroon Orange Pastry Pudding Pudding, Baked Pudding without Eggs Raspberry Strawberry Savoury (1) Savoury (2) Cutlets, Mushroom

Devonshire Sandwiches Doughnuts Dried Apples Dumplings, Apple Dumplings, Spinach Dumplings, Sponge Dyspeptics' Bread

Egg Cookery— Apple Souffle Cheese Souffle Chocolate Souffle Curried Eggs Egg and Cheese Egg & Cheese Fondu Egg and Tomato Sandwiches Egg and Tomato Sauce Egg Salad and Mayonnaise Egg Salmagundi with Jam Egg Savoury Eggs a la Bonne Femme Eggs a la Duchesse Eggs au Gratin Eggs and Cabbage Eggs and Mushrooms Eggs, Poached Eggs, Scalloped Eggs, Scotch Eggs, Stuffed Eggs, Sweet Creamed Eggs, Swiss Eggs, Tarragon Eggs, Tomato Eggs, Water Forcemeat Eggs French Eggs Mushroom Souffle Potato Souffle Ratafia Souffle Rice Souffle Savory Creamed Eggs Savory Souffle Spinach Tortilla Stirred Eggs on Toast Sweet Creamed Eggs Tomato Souffle Egg and Tomato Sandwiches Egg Blancmange Egg Caper Sauce Egg Cream Egg Mayonnaise Egg Sauce Egg Sauce with Saffron Empress Puddings Eve Pudding

Favourite Pie Feather Pudding Flour Lentil Pudding Flour Potato Cakes Forcemeat Balls Forcemeat Eggs French Bean Omelet French Eggs French Omelet with Cheese French Sauce Fried Onion Sauce Fritters, Apple Fritters, Rice Fritters, Savoury (1) Fritters, Savoury (2) Fritters, Sweet Corn Fruit and Custard Pudding Fruit, Stewed, Pudding Frumenty

Gardener Omelet Giant Sago Pudding Ginger Sponge Cake Golden Syrup Puddings Gooseberry Custard Gooseberry Fool Gooseberry Souffle Greengage Souffle Green Pea and Rice Soup Green Vegetables Ground Rice Pancakes Ground Rice Pudding Gruel Gruel Barley

Haggis Haricot Soup Hasty Meal Pudding (1) Hasty Meal Pudding (2) Herb Omelet Herb Pie Herb Sauce Horseradish Sauce Hot-Pot

Index to Advertisements— Brunak Dr. Allinson's— Biscuits Blancmange Powder Books on Health Breakfast Oats Crushed Wheat Custard Powder Fine Ground Wheatmeal Finest Nut Oil Food for Babies Food "Power" Hair Restorer Hair Tonic Natural Food Cocoa Natural Food Chocolate Prepared Barley Salad Oil Simple Ointment Specialities Tar Soap Vege-Butter Wholemeal Wholemeal Lunch Biscuits Wholemeal Rusks Ice, Tapioca Icing for Cakes Improved Milk Puddings Invalid Cookery— Barley for Babies Barley for Invalids and Adults Barley Gruel Barley Jelly Barley Porridge Barley Puddings Barley Water Black Currant Tea Bran Tea Cocoa Lemon Water Oatmeal Porridge Oatmeal Water Rice Pudding Italian Macaroni

Jam & Bread Pudding Jam Batter Pudding Jellies, Apple Jellies, Barley Jumbles

Kentish Pudding Pie

Leek Pie Leek Soup (1) Leek Soup (2) Leeks Lemon Blancmange Lemon Cakes Lemon Cream Lemon Cream Tarts Lemon Pudding Lemon Tart Lemon Trifle Lentil Flour Pudding Lentil Omelet Lentil Pie Lentil Rissoles Lentil Soup Lentil Turnovers Lentils and Rice Lentils, Curried, & Rice Lentils, Potted, for Sandwiches Light Cakes London Pudding Lunch Cake

Macaroni Cheese Macaroni Cream Macaroni Custard Macaroni, Italian Macaroni Omelet Macaroni Pancakes Macaroni Pudding (1) Macaroni Pudding (2) Macaroni Savoury Macaroni Stew Macaroon Macaroon Cream Macaroon Custard Macaroon, Chocolate Madeira Cake Malvern Pudding Marlborough Pie Marlborough Pudding Marmalade (Orange) Pudding Mayonnaise Egg Mayonnaise Sauce Melon Pudding Milk Froth Sauce Milk Pudding Milk Puddings, Improved Milk Soup Milk Soup for Children Mincemeat (1) Mincemeat (2) Mincemeat Pancakes Minestra Mint Sauce Mushroom Cutlets Mushroom and Eggs Mushroom and Potato Stew Mushroom Pie Mushroom Savoury Mushroom Souffle Mushroom Tart and Gravy Mushroom Tartlets Mushroom Turnover Mushrooms, Stewed Mustard Sauce

Natural Food for Babies Natural Food for Invalids and Adults Newcastle Pudding Nursery Pudding

Oatmeal Bannocks Oatmeal Cakes (Crisp) Oatmeal Finger Rolls Oatmeal Pancakes Oatmeal Pie Crust Oatmeal Pudding Oatmeal Soup Olive Sauce Omelet, French Bean Omelet (French) with Cheese Omelet, Gardener's Omelet, Herbs Omelet, Lentil Omelet, Macaroni Omelet, Onion Omelet, Savoury Omelet Souffle (1) Omelet Souffle (2) Omelet Souffle (Sweet) Omelet, Sweet (1) Omelet, Sweet (2) Omelet, Sweet (3) Omelet, Tomato (1) Omelet, Tomato (2) Omelet, Trappist Omelets, Cheese Onion and Rice Soup Onion Omelet Onion Pie & Tomato Onion Salad Onion Sauce Onion Soup (French) Onion Tart Onion Tortilla Onion Turnover Onion (Boiled) Sauce Onion (Fried) Sauce Onions (Braised) Onions and Queen's Apple Pie Onions and Rice Onions (Spanish) Baked Onions (Spanish) and Cheese Onions (Spanish) Stewed Orange Cakes Orange & Apple Compote Orange Cream Orange Custard Orange Flower Puff Orange Flower Sauce Orange Froth Sauce Orange Marmalade Pudding Orange Mould Orange Mould Blancmange (1) Orange Mould Blancmange (2) Orange Pudding Orange Sauce Orange Syrup Oxford Pudding

Pancake Pudding Pancakes Pancakes, Apple Pancakes, Ground Rice Pancakes, Macaroni Pancakes, Mincemeat Pancakes, Oatmeal Pancakes with Currants Paradise Pudding Parsley Sauce Parsnip Soup Pea Soup Pears (Stewed) and Vanilla Cream Pease Brose Pickled Walnut Savoury Pie, Chestnut Piecrusts Pie, Tomato Pie— Bean Cauliflower Cauliflower and Potato Favourite Herb Kentish Pudding Leek Lentil Marlborough Mushroom Onions and Queen's Apple Potato Potato and Cauliflower Potato and Tomato Queen's Apple and Onion Queen's Onion Queen's Tomato Savoury Tomato and Potato Vegetable (1) Vegetable (2) Pies Plain Cake Plum Pudding Poached Eggs Poor Epicure's Pudding Poppy-Seed Pudding Porridge Porridge, Barley Porridge, Oatmeal Portuguese Rice Portuguese Soup Potato Cookery— Potato a la Duchesse Potato, Bird's Nest Potato Cakes Potato Cheese Potato Cheesecakes Potato Croquettes Potato Pudding Potato Puff Potato Rolls, Baked Potato Rolls, Spanish Potato Salad (1) Potato Salad (2) Potato Salad, Mashed Potato Sausages Potato Savoury Potato Snow Potato Surprise Potato with Cheese Potatoes and Carrots Potatoes, Browned Potatoes, Curried Potatoes, Mashed Potatoes, Mashed (Another way) Potatoes (Milk) Potatoes (Milk) with Capers Potatoes, Scalloped Potatoes, Stuffed (1) Potatoes, Stuffed (2) Potatoes, Stuffed (3) Potatoes, Stuffed (4) Potatoes, Toasted Potato, Batter Potato and Cauliflower Pie Potato and Tomato Pie Potato Flour Cakes Potato Pie Potato Salad (1) Potato Salad (2) Potato Souffle Potato Soup Potatoes and Mushroom Stew Prune Pudding Prune Pudding Pudding— Almond (1) Almond (2) Belgian Bird's Nest Bread and Jam Canadian Carrot Chocolate Almond Cocoanut College Corn Fruit and Custard Giant Sago Golden Syrup Hasty Meal (1) Hasty Meal (2) Lentil Flour London Macaroni Malvern Marlborough Melon Milk Newcastle Nursery Oatmeal Orange Orange Marmalade Oxford Pancake Potato Prune Semolina Simple Simple Fruit Spanish Stewed Fruit Tapioca Winifred Puddings— Almond Rice Apple Apple Charlotte Apple (Nottingham) Apricot Baked Custard Baked Jam Barley Barley (Pearl) and Apple Batter Bread (Steamed) Bread (Substantial) Buckingham Bun Cabinet (1) Cabinet (2) Cabinet (3) Chocolate Chocolate Mould Chocolate (Steamed) Christmas Cocoa Custard Empress Eve Feather For Babies Golden Syrup Ground Rice Kentish Pie Lemon Milk, Improved Orange Mould Paradise Plum Poor Epicure's Poppy-Seed Prune Rice Rice (French) Rolled Wheat Rusk Simple Souffle Sponge Dumplings Stuffed Sweet Rolls Vanilla Chestnuts Wholemeal Banana Yorkshire Puffs, Potato

Queen's Apple and Onion Pie Queen's Onion Pie Queen's Sponge Cakes Queen's Tomato Pie

Raspberry Cream Raspberry Custard Raspberry Froth Raspberry Froth Sauce Ratafia Sauce Ratafia Souffle Rice and Carrots Rice and Green Pea Soup Rice and Lentils Rice & Lentils, Curried Rice and Onions Rice and Onion Soup Rice and Wheat Bread Rice Cakes (1) Rice Cakes (2) Rice, Curried Rice Fritters Rice, How to Cook Rice (Ground) Pancakes Rice (Ground) Pudding Rice (Italian) Savoury Rice (Portuguese) Rice Pudding (French) Rice Savoury Croquettes Rice Souffle Rice Soup Rice (Spanish) Rissoles, Lentil Rock Seed Cakes Rolled Wheat Pudding Rolls, Oatmeal Finger Rolls, Stuffed Sweet Rolls, Unfermented Finger Rose Sauce Rusk Pudding Russian Cream

Saffron with Egg Sauce Sago (Giant) Pudding Salads— Artichoke Cauliflower Cheese Cucumber Egg and Mayonnaise Egg Mayonnaise Onion Potato (1) Potato (2) Potato (1) Potato (2) Potato, Mashed Spanish Winter Sally Luns Sandwiches— Cheese Chocolate Cream Cheese Curry Devonshire Egg and Tomato Potted Lentil Tomato and Egg Tomatoes on Toast Victoria Sauces— Apple Apricot Boiled Onion Brown (1) Brown (2) Brown Curry Brown Gravy Brown and Stuffed Spanish Onion Caper Chocolate Currant (Red and White) Curry (1) Curry (2) Egg Egg Caper Egg with Saffron French Herb Horseradish Mayonnaise Milk Froth Mint Mustard Olive Onion Onions, Fried Orange Orange Flower Orange Froth Parsley Raspberry Froth Ratafia Rose Savoury Sorrel Spice Tartare Tomato (1) Tomato (2) Wheatmeal White (1) White (2) White Savoury White, and Spanish Onions Sausages, Potato Savouries— Artichokes and Tomatoes Bean Pie Bread and Cheese Butter Beans and Parsley Sauce Carrots and Rice Cauliflower Pie Cauliflower and Potato Pie Celery a la Parmesan Celery Croquettes Cheese and Bread Chestnut Pie Colcanon Corn Pudding Curry Curry Balls Favourite Pie Forcemeat Balls Fritters, Savoury (1) Fritters, Savoury (2) Haggis Hot-Pot Lentil (Curried) and Rice Lentil Rissoles Lentil Turnover Lentils, Potted, for Sandwiches Minestra Mushroom Mushroom Cutlets Mushroom Tart and Gravy Mushroom Tartlet Mushroom Turnover Nutroast Oatmeal Piecrust Onion Tart Onion Turnover Potato Pie Potato and Mushroom Stew Potato and Tomato Pie Queen's Apple and Onion Pie Queen's Onion Pie Queen's Tomato Pie Savoury, Custard (1) Savoury, Custard (2) Savoury Pie Savoury, Pickled Walnut Savoury Tartlets Spaghetti aux Tomato Spanish Onion, and Cheese Spanish Onions (Stewed) Spanish Onions and White Sauce Spanish Stew Spinach Dumplings Stewed Mushrooms Stuffed Spanish Onions and Brown Sauce Sweet Corn Fritters Tomato and Onion Pie Tomato Pie Tomato a la Parmesan Tomato Tortilla Tomatoes au Gratin Vegetable Balls Vegetable Mould Vegetable Pie (1) Vegetable Pie (2) Vegetable Stew Yorkshire Pudding Savoury Creamed Eggs Savoury Dishes made with Batter Savoury Egg Savoury Macaroni Savoury Omelet Savoury Potatoes Savoury Rice (Italian) Savoury Rice Croquettes Savoury Sauce Savoury Souffle Savoury White Sauce Scalloped Eggs Scotch, or Curly Kale Scotch Eggs Seed Cake (1) Seed Cake (2) Seed Cake (3) Seed Cake (4) Seed Cake (5) Seed Cake (6) Seed Cakes, Rock Semolina Blancmange Simple Fruit Pudding Simple Pudding Simple Souffle Sly Cakes Snowballs Sorrel Sauce Sorrel Soup (1) Sorrel Soup (2) Sorrel Soup (French) (3) Souffle, Apple Souffle, Bread Souffle, Cheese Souffle, Chocolate Souffle, Gooseberry Souffle, Greengage Souffle, Mushroom Souffle, Omelet Souffle, Omelet (1) Souffle, Omelet (2) Souffle, Potatoes Souffle, Ratafia Souffle, Rice Souffle, Savoury Souffle, Simple Souffle, Sweet Omelet Souffle, Tomato

Soups— Artichoke Barley Bread Cabbage Cabbage (French) Caper Carrot (1) Carrot (2) Cauliflower Clear Clear Celery Clear, with Dumplings Cocoanut Corn Haricot Leek (1) Leek (2) Lentil Milk Milk, for Children Oatmeal Onion and Rice Onion (French) Parsnip Pea Portuguese Potato Rice Rice and Green Pea Sorrel (1) Sorrel (2) Sorrel (French) (3) Spanish Spinach Spring St. Andrew's Summer Tapioca and Tomato Tomato (1) Tomato (2) Tomato and Tapioca Vegetable Vegetable Marrow White Wholemeal Spaghetti aux Tomato Spanish Onion and Cheese Spanish Onions and White Sauce Spanish Onions, Stuffed, and Brown Sauce Spanish Onions, Stewed Spanish Pudding Spanish Rice Spanish Salad Spanish Stew Spice Sauce Spinach Spinach Dumplings Spinach Soup Spinach Tortilla Sponge Cake, Queen's Sponge Cake (1) Sponge Cake (2) Sponge Cakes, Ginger Sponge Cake, Roly-poly Sponge Dumplings Sponge Mould Spring Soup Stewed Fruit Pudding Stewed Mushrooms Stewed Pears and Vanilla Cream Stewed Spanish Onions Stews— Macaroni Mushroom & Potato Potato & Mushroom Spanish Vegetable Stirred Eggs on Toast Strawberry Cream Strawberry Custard Stuffed Eggs Stuffed Potatoes (1) Stuffed Potatoes (2) Stuffed Potatoes (3) Stuffed Potatoes (4) Stuffed Spanish Onions and Brown Sauce Stuffed Sweet Rolls Substantial Bread Puddings Summer Salads Summer Soup Sweet Batter Sweet Corn Fritters Sweet Creamed Eggs Sweet Omelet (1) Sweet Omelet (2) Sweet Omelet (3) Swiss Cream Swiss Eggs Syrup, Orange

Tarts— Apple (Open) Blancmange Tartlets Cheesecakes, Almond Chocolate Lemon Lemon Cream Onion Treacle Tartlets, Mushroom Tartlets, Savoury Tapioca & Tomato Soup Tapioca Ice Tapioca Pudding Tarragon Egg Tartare Sauce Tea, Black Currant Tea, Bran Tipsy Cake Toasted Potatoes Tomato aux Artichokes Tomato and Egg Sandwiches Tomato and Egg Sandwiches Tomato & Onion Pie Tomato & Potato Pie Tomato and Tapioca Soup Tomato Eggs Tomato Omelet (1) Tomato Omelet (2) Tomato Pie Tomato Sauce (1) Tomato Sauce (2) Tomato Sauce and Egg Tomato Souffle Tomato Soup (1) Tomato Soup (2) Tomato Tortilla Tomatoes a la Parmesan Tomatoes and Curried Rice Tomatoes au Gratin Tomatoes, Spaghetti, aux Tomatoes on Toast Treacle Tart Trifle, Chocolate Trifle, Lemon Turnips, Mashed Turnover, Onion Turnovers, Lentil Turnovers, Mushroom

Unfermented Bread Unfermented Finger Rolls

Vegetable Balls Vegetable Batter Vegetable Marrow Soup Vegetable Mould Vegetable Pie (1) Vegetable Pie (2) Vegetable Soup Vegetable Stew Vegetables— Artichokes a la Parmesan Artichokes a la Sauce Blanche Asparagus, Boiled Cabbage Carrots with Parsley Sauce Cauliflower with White Sauce Celery (Italian) Celery, Steamed, with White Cheese Sauce Celery, Stewed, with White Sauce Green Leeks Mushrooms, Stewed Onions, Braised Onion Tortilla Onions (Spanish) baked Scotch, or Curly Kale Spinach Turnips, Mashed Vanilla Chestnuts Vanilla Cream and Stewed Pears Victoria Sandwiches

Walnuts (Pickled), Savoury Water, Barley Water Eggs Water, Oatmeal Wheatmeal Sauce Whipped Cream White Sauce & Spanish Onions White Sauce, Savoury White Sauce (1) White Sauce (2) White Soup Wholemeal Banana Pudding Wholemeal Bread (Fermented) Wholemeal Cake Wholemeal Cookery Wholemeal Gems Wholemeal Rock Cakes Wholemeal Soup Wholesome Cookery— Breakfasts Dinners Drinks Evening Meals Midday Meals Suppers Winifred Pudding Winter Salads

Yorkshire Pudding



INTRODUCTION

This book is written with the object of laying before the public a cookery book which will be useful not only to vegetarians, but also to flesh eaters, who are often at a loss for recipes for non-flesh dishes. Nowadays most people admit that "too much meat is eaten"; but when the housewife tries to put before her family or friends a meal in which meat is to be conspicuous by its absence, she is often at a loss how to set about it.

Vegetarians also frequently stay with non-vegetarian friends, or lodge with others who do not understand how to provide for them. For such this book will especially prove useful, for in it will be found a set of thirty menus, one for each day in a month, giving suitable recipes with quantities for one person only. Throughout this book it will be found that the use of wholemeal has been introduced in the place of white flour. Those persons who do not care to follow the hygienic principle in its entirety can easily substitute white flour if preferred. The recipes have been written bearing in mind the necessity for a wholesome diet; and they will be found to be less rich than those in most of the cookery books published. Should any one wish to make the dishes richer, it can easily be done by an addition of butter, eggs, or cream.

Let me draw the attention of vegetarians to the use of soaked sago in many dishes. This is a farinaceous food which should be used much more largely in vegetarian cookery than it is. Thoroughly soaked sago should be used in all dishes, savouries or sweets, in which a substitute for suet is required to lighten the mixture; that is, in boiled savouries or sweets which are largely made of wholemeal, as, for instance, in vegetable haggis, roly-poly pudding, and all fruit or vegetable puddings which are boiled in a paste. When soaked sago is used (taking a teacupful of dry sago to two breakfastcupfuls of meal) a light paste will be obtained which would mislead any meat eater into the belief that suet or, at any rate, baking powder had been used. Baking powder, tartaric acid, soda and bicarbonate of soda, are all most injurious to the system, and these chemicals have been left out of this book entirely. In breads and cakes I have used a small quantity of yeast for the rising of the dough; those who once have got accustomed to the use of yeast will not find it any more trouble than using baking powder. It may here be beneficial to give a few hints as to the harm done by the use of the most commonly introduced chemicals, namely, soda, bicarbonate of soda, baking powder, tartaric acid, and citric acid. Not only do they delay the digestion of the foods in which they are used, and give rise to various stomach troubles, but also cause rheumatism and gout, and often are the primary cause of stone in the kidney and bladder. Another danger lies in the fact that these chemicals are too dear to be supplied pure to the public, which always demands cheap goods, and the result is that many of the chemicals in the market are mixed with other still worse poisons, like arsenic, for instance. Self-raising flour, which is liked by so many on account of its convenience, is nothing but ordinary flour mixed with some sort of baking powder; in the same way egg powders are simply starch powders, coloured and flavoured, mixed with baking powder. Tartaric acid and citric acid also belong to the class of injurious chemicals. They are often used in the making of acid drinks, when lemons are not handy. They irritate the stomach violently, and often cause acute dyspepsia. These few remarks will, I hope, convince the readers that all these chemicals are best avoided in culinary preparations. Even salt and spices are best used in great moderation; if our dishes could be prepared without them it would be far the best; but it takes a long time to wean people entirely from the use of condiments; the first step towards it is to use them as sparingly as possible.

I have tried to make this a hygienic cookery book; but there are a number of dishes introduced which can hardly claim to be hygienic; it has to be left to the good judgment of the readers to use them on rare occasions only, and it will be better for the health of each individual if the plainer dishes only are prepared for the daily table. I wish here to impress on vegetarians, and those who wish to give the diet a trial, not to eat much pulse; this is the rock on which many "would-be vegetarians" come to grief. They take these very concentrated, nitrogenous foods in rather large quantities, because they have an idea that only they will support them when the use of meat is abandoned. They are foods which, to be beneficial to the system of the consumer, require a great deal of muscular exertion on his part. The results to persons of sedentary habits of eating pulse foods often are indigestion, heavy and dull feelings, and general discomfort. In my own household butter beans, the most concentrated of all foods, come on the table perhaps once a month, lentils or peas perhaps once a week. None but those persons who have strong digestive organs should eat pulse foods at all; and then only when they have plenty of physical work to do. I have known several people who tried vegetarianism who have given up the trial in despair, and, when I inquired closely into the causes, the abuse of pulse food was generally the chief one.

I will now give a list of the composition of the various foods, which may be instructive and useful to those to whom the study of dietetics is new, as well as to vegetarians who may wish to use it for reference. The list is copied from a little pamphlet by A.W. Duncan, published by the Vegetarian Society in Manchester.

BUTCHERS' MEAT AND FISH.

Flesh F. 100 Parts Albuminoids. Gristle, Fat. Extractives, Mineral Water. Contain Ossein, etc. &c. Matter.

Mutton Chop 7.6 1.2 42.0 4.1 1.0 44.1 Mutt'n C.Bone — 18.7 9.0 — 40.1 32.2 Beef 8.0 7.0 30.0 — 5.0 50.0 Pork 4.5 5.5 50.0 — 1.5 38.5 Fowl 14.0 7.0 — — 2.5 76.5 Mackerel 13.5 12.5 2.2 3.1 68.7 Herring 10.0 7.0 — 2.0 81.0 Bacon 8.1 65.2 3.8 0.6 22.3



Heat-producers 100 Parts Flesh- Starch, Fat. Mineral Indigestible Water. Contain formers. Sugar, &c. Matter. Fibre.

GRAINS.

Wheat, White English 11.0 69.0 1.2 1.7 2.6 14.5 Fine Flour, from white soft Wheat 10.5 74.3 0.8 0.7 0.7 13.0 Coarse Bran 15.0 44.0 4.0 6.0 17.0 14.0 Household Flour, J.B. 16.2 69.0 1.1 0.7 0.5 11.8 Oatm'l, fresh Scotch 16.1 63.0 10.1 2.1 3.7 5.0 Buckwheat, husk free 15.2 63.6 3.4 2.3 2.1 13.4 Pearl Barley 6.2 76.0 1.3 1.1 0.8 14.6 Barley Meal 11.7 71.0 1.7 0.5 0.1 15.0 Rye flour 10.5 71.0 1.6 1.6 2.3 13.0 Maize 9.0 64.5 5.0 2.0 5.0 14.5 Rice, cleaned 7.5 76.0 0.5 0.5 0.9 14.6

PULSE.

Peas 22.4 51.3 2.5 3.0 6.5 14.3 Lentils 24.0 49.0 2.6 3.0 6.9 14.5 Haricots 23.0 52.3 2.3 2.9 5.5 14.0

NUTS.

Walnuts[F] 12.5 8.9 31.6 1.7 0.8 44.5 Filberts[F] 8.4 11.1 28.5 1.5 2.5 48.0 Cocoa Nut, solid kernel 5.5 8.1 35.9 1.0 2.9 46.6

ROOTS AND TUBERS.

Potatoes, K. 1.8 20.6 0.2 1.0 0.7 75.7 Turnips, white 0.5 4.0 0.1 0.8 1.8 92.8 Carrots 0.5 5.0 0.2 1.0 4.3 89.0 Parsnips 1.2 8.7 1.5 1.0 5.6 81.0 Beetroot 0.4 13.4 0.1 3.0 0.9 82.2 Jerusalem Artichokes 2.0 14.4 0.5 1.1 2.0 80.0 Onions 1.5 4.8 0.2 0.5 2.0 91.0 Radishes, C. 0.5 1.0 — 1.1 2.2 95.0

LEAVES, STEMS, STALKS, AND WHOLE PLANTS.

Cabbage 1.5 5.8 0.5 1.2 2.0 89.0 Sea Kale 2.4 2.8 — 0.6 0.9 93.3 Celery 1.2 3.8 — 0.8 0.9 93.3 Mushrooms 5.0 3.8 0.7 0.5 — 90.0 Lettuce 0.7 1.0 0.2 1.0 0.5 96.0 Watercress 1.7 2.7 0.5 1.3 0.7 93.1 Irish Moss 9.4 55.4 — 14.2 2.2 18.8 Rhubarb[A] 0.9 2.1 — 0.5 1.1 95.1

FRUITS.

Apples 0.4 12.0 1.0[B] 0.4 3.2 83.0 Pears 0.3 11.6 0.1[B] 0.3 3.7 84.0 Gooseberries 0.4 8.9 1.5[C] 0.5 2.7 86.0 Grapes 0.7 16.1 0.8[D] 0.4 2.0 80.0 Strawberr's K. 1.0 6.8 1.0[B] 0.8 2.3 87.7 Currants, K. 0.5 7.3 2.1[B] 0.7 4.6 84.8 Cherries[E] K. 0.6 11.4 0.9[B] 0.7 6.1 80.3 Plums[E] K. 0.8 11.0 0.9[B] 0.7 5.4 81.2 Peaches[E] 0.5 9.8 0.7[B] 0.6 3.4 85.0 Bananas 4.8 19.7 0.6 0.8 0.2 73.9 Figs, Turkey 6.1 65.9 0.9 2.3 7.3 17.5 Dates[E] 6.6 66.3 0.2 1.6 5.5 20.8 Tomatoes 1.4 8.0 — 0.8 — 89.8 Vegetable Marrow 0.6 2.6 0.2 0.5 1.3 94.8 Cucumbers 0.2 2.7 — 0.4 0.5 96.2

MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCE.

Cows' Milk 4.0 5.0 3.7 0.75 — 86.5 Cream 6.0 2.5 36.3 0.2 — 55.0 Skim Milk 4.3 5.5 0.4 0.8 — 89.0 Asses' Mk. WB 1.9 5.5 1.0 0.4 — 91.2 Goats' Mk. WB 3.7 4.0 4.2 0.56 — 87.5 Hum'n Mk. WB 3.0 5.9 2.9 0.16 — 88.0 Butter 2.5 0.3 86.2 1.0 — 10.0 Condensed Milk,[H] H 10.1 54.8 9.4 2.0 — 23.7 Cheese, dble. Glo'ster, J. 38.0 — 22.0 4.25 — 35.8 Cheese, American, WB 37.2 — 35.4 4.8 — 22.6 Hens' Eggs[A,G]14.0 — 11.0 1.3 — 71.7

The letters refer to the authorities for the analyses:—J.B., James Bell; W.B., A.W. Blyth; K., Koenig, mean of 70 analyses; C., Cameron; H., Otto Hehner; J., Johnstone.

The other analyses are nearly all taken from Professor Church's useful work on "Food" (published for three shillings by Chapman & Hall), to which the inquirer is referred.

[Footnote A: Contains 0.3% oxalic acid.]

[Footnote B: Malic acid.]

[Footnote C: Citric acid.]

[Footnote D: Tartaric acid.]

[Footnote E: Without stones.]

[Footnote F: Fresh kernels.]

[Footnote G: Extractives, &c., 2.0%.]

[Footnote H: Mean of 13 analyses, 7 brands. Milk sugar, 13.1%; cane sugar, 41.7%.]



I now leave this book in the hands of the public. I hope that it will be found useful by many and a help to those who wish to live in a way which is conducive to health and at the same time innocent of slaughter and cruelty. The health of the nation to a great extent is in the hands of our cooks and housewives. If they learn to prepare wholesome and pure food, those who are dependent on them will benefit by it. Healthful cookery must result in health to the household and, therefore, to the nation. Avoid disease-communicating foods, use those only which are conducive to health, and you will be rewarded by an increase of health and consequently of happiness.



SOUPS AND STEWS

ARTICHOKE SOUP.

1 lb. each of artichokes and potatoes, 1 Spanish onion, 1 oz. of butter, 1 pint of milk, and pepper and salt to taste. Peel, wash, and cut into dice the artichokes, potatoes, and onion. Cook them until tender in 1 quart of water with the butter and seasoning. When the vegetables are tender rub them through a sieve. Return the liquid to the saucepan, add the milk, and boil the soup up again. Add water if the soup is too thick. Serve with Allinson plain rusks, or small dice of bread fried crisp in butter or vege-butter.

HARICOT SOUP.

1 lb. of haricot beans, 1/2 lb. of onions, 1 lb. of turnips, 2 carrots, 2 sticks of celery, 1 teaspoonful of mixed herbs, 1/2 oz. of parsley, 1 oz. of butter, 2 quarts of water, pepper and salt to taste. Cut up the vegetables and set them to boil in the water with the haricot beans (which should have been steeped over night in cold water), adding the butter, herbs, and seasoning. Cook all very gently for 3-1/2 to 4 hours, stirring occasionally. When the beans are quite tender, rub the soup through a sieve, adding more water if needed; return it to the saucepan, add the parsley chopped up finely, boil it up and serve.

BARLEY SOUP.

8 oz. of pearl barley, 2 onions, 4 potatoes, 1/2 a teaspoonful of thyme, 1 dessertspoonful of finely chopped parsley, 3-1/2 pints of water, 1/2 pint of milk, 1 oz. of butter. Pick and wash the barley, chop up the onions, slice the potatoes. Boil the whole gently for 4 hours with the water, adding the butter, thyme, pepper and salt to taste. When the barley is quite soft, add the milk and parsley, boil the soup up, and serve.

BREAD SOUP.

1/2 lb. of stale crusts of Allinson wholemeal bread, 4 onions, 2 turnips, 1 stick of celery, 1 oz. of butter, 1/2 oz. of finely chopped parsley, 8 pints of water, 1/2 pint of milk. Soak the crusts in the water for 2 hours before they are put over the fire. Cut up into small dice the vegetables; add them to the bread with the butter and pepper and salt to taste. Allow all to simmer gently for 1 hour, then rub the soup through a sieve, return it to the saucepan, add the milk and parsley, and, if the flavour is liked, a little grated nutmeg; boil the soup up and serve at once.

CABBAGE SOUP.

1 fair-sized cabbage, a large Spanish onion, 1-1/2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, 1/2 saltspoonful of nutmeg, 1-1/2 pints of milk, 2 tablespoonfuls of Allinson fine wheatmeal. After preparing and washing the cabbage, shred up very fine, chop up the onion, set these two in a saucepan over the fire with 1 quart of water, the butter and seasoning, and let all cook gently for 1 hour, or longer it the vegetables are not quite tender. Add the milk and thickening when the vegetables are thoroughly tender, and let all simmer gently for 10 minutes; serve with little squares of toasted or fried bread, or Allinson plain rusks.

CABBAGE SOUP (French).

1 medium-sized cabbage, 1 lb. of potatoes, 1 oz. of butter, 3 pints of milk and water equal parts, pepper and salt to taste, 1 dessertspoonful of finely chopped parsley, and 2 blades of mace, and 1 dessertspoonful of Allinson fine wheatmeal. Wash the cabbage and shred it finely, peel the potatoes and cut them into small dice; boil the vegetables in the milk and water until quite tender, adding the mace, butter, and seasoning. When quite soft, rub the wheatmeal smooth with a little water, let it simmer with the soup for 5 minutes, add the parsley, and serve.

CAPER SOUP.

2 pints of water, 1 pint of milk, 1 large tablespoonful of capers, 1/2 lemon, 2 eggs, 1-1/2 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 1/2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Boil the milk and water and butter, with seasoning to taste; thicken it with the wheatmeal rubbed smooth with a little milk. Chop up the capers, add them and let the soup cook gently for 10 minutes; take it off the fire, beat up the eggs and add them carefully, that they may not curdle; at the last add the juice of the half lemon, re-heat the soup without allowing it to boil, and serve.

CARROT SOUP (1).

4 good-sized carrots, 1 head of celery, 1 onion, 3 oz. of Allinson wholemeal bread without crust, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt, and 1 blade of mace. Wash, scrape, and cut the carrots into dice. Prepare and cut up the onions and celery. Set the vegetables over the fire with 3 pints of water, adding the mace and seasoning. Let all cook until quite soft, which will probably be in 1-1/2 hours. If the carrots are old, they will take longer cooking. When the vegetables are tender, rub all through a sieve, return the soup to the saucepan, add the butter, allow it to boil up, and serve with sippets of toast.

CARROT SOUP (2).

4 good-sized carrots, 1 small head of celery, 1 fair-sized onion, 1 turnip, 3 oz. of breadcrumbs, 1-1/2 oz. of butter, 1 blade of mace, pepper and salt to taste. Scrape and wash the vegetables, and cut them up small; set them over the fire with 3 pints of water, the butter, bread, and mace. Let all boil together, until the vegetables are quite tender, and then rub them through a sieve. Return the mixture to the saucepan, season with pepper and salt, and if too thick add water to the soup, which should be as thick as cream, boil the soup up, and serve.

CAULIFLOWER SOUP.

1 medium-sized cauliflower, 1-1/2 pints of milk, 1 oz. of butter, 2 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, pepper and salt to taste, a little nutmeg, and the juice of a lemon. Prepare the cauliflower by washing and breaking it into pieces, keeping the flowers whole, and boil in 1-1/2 pints of water, adding the butter, nutmeg, and seasoning. When the cauliflower is quite tender add the milk, boil it up, and thicken the soup with the wheatmeal, which should first be smoothed with a little cold water. Lastly, add the lemon juice, and serve the soup with sippets of toast.

CLEAR SOUP.

1 large Spanish onion, 1 teaspoonful of mixed herbs, 1/2 head of celery, 1-1/2 oz. butter, 1 carrot, 1 turnip, and pepper and salt to taste. Chop the onion up fine, and fry it brown in the butter, in the saucepan in which the soup is to be made, and add 5 pints of water. Prepare and cut into small pieces the carrot, turnip, and celery; add these, the nutmeg, herbs, and pepper and salt to the water, with the fried onions. When the vegetables are tender drain the liquid; return it to the saucepan, and boil the soup up.

CLEAR SOUP (with Dumplings).

2 large English onions, 1 teaspoonful of herbs, 1/2 teaspoonful of nutmeg, 1 carrot, 1 turnip, pepper and salt to taste, 1 oz. of butter, 3 pints of water. Chop up finely the onions and fry them brown in the butter in the saucepan in which the soup is to be made; add the water. Cut up in thin slices the carrot and turnip, add these, with the herbs, nutmeg, and seasoning to the soup. Let it boil for I hour, drain the liquid, return it to the saucepan, and when boiling add the dumplings prepared as follows: 1/2 pint of clear soup, 4 eggs, a little nutmeg, pepper and salt to taste. Beat the eggs well, mix them with the soup, and season the mixture with nutmeg, pepper, and salt. Pour it into a buttered jug; set it in a pan with boiling water, and let the mixture thicken. Then cut off little lumps with a spoon, and throw these into the soup and boil up before serving.

CLEAR CELERY SOUP.

1 large head of celery or 2 small ones, 1 large Spanish onion, 2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, and 1 blade of mace. Chop the onion and fry it brown in the butter or Allinson vege-butter in the saucepan in which the soup is to be made. When brown, add 4 pints of water, the celery washed and cut into pieces, the mace, the pepper and salt. Let all cook until the celery is quite soft, then drain the liquid from the vegetables. Return it to the saucepan, boil the soup up, and add 1 oz. of vermicelli, sago, or Italian paste; let the soup cook until this is quite soft, and serve with sippets of crisp toast, or Allinson plain rusks.

COCOANUT SOUP.

2 cocoanuts grated, 2 blades of mace, 1 saltspoonful of cinnamon, 3 pints of water, the juice of a lemon, 2 eggs, 1 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, pepper and salt to taste. Boil the cocoanut in the water, adding the mace, cinnamon, and seasoning. Let it cook gently for an hour; strain the mixture through a sieve and then return the soup to the saucepan. Make a paste of the eggs, wheatmeal, and lemon juice, add it to the soup and let it boil up before serving; let it simmer for 5 minutes, and serve with a little plain boiled rice.

CORN SOUP.

1 breakfastcupful of fresh wheat, 1 quart of water, 1/2 pint of milk, 1/2 oz. of butter, 1/2 oz. of finely chopped parsley, 1 oz. of eschalots, seasoning to taste. Steep the wheat over night in the water and boil it in the same water for 3 hours, add the butter, the eschalots, chopped up very fine, and pepper and salt. Let the whole simmer very gently for another 1/2 hour, add the milk and parsley, boil the soup up once more, and serve.

LEEK SOUP (1).

2 bunches of leeks, 1-1/2 pints of milk, 1 oz. of butter, 1 lb. of potatoes, pepper and salt to taste, and the juice of a lemon. Cut off the coarse part of the green ends of the leeks, and cut the leeks lengthways, so as to be able to brush out the grit. Wash the leeks well, and see no grit remains, then cut them in short pieces. Peel, wash, and cut up the potatoes, then cook both vegetables with 2 pints of water. When the vegetables are quite tender, rub them through a sieve. Return the mixture to the saucepan, add the butter, milk, and seasoning, and boil the soup up again. Before serving add the lemon juice; serve with sippets of toast.

LEEK SOUP (2).

1 dozen leeks, 1-1/2 pints of milk, 1 lb. of potatoes, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, and the juice of a lemon (this last may be omitted if not liked). Prepare the leeks as in the previous recipe, cut them into pieces about an inch long. Peel and wash the potatoes and cut them into dice. Set the vegetables over the fire with 1 quart of water, and cook them until tender, which will be in about 1 hour. When soft rub all through a sieve and return the soup to the saucepan. Add the milk, butter, and seasoning, boil up, and add the lemon juice just before serving. Should the soup be too thick add a little hot water. Serve with Allinson plain rusks.

LENTIL SOUP.

1 lb. each of lentils and potatoes, 1 large Spanish onion, 1 medium-sized head of celery (or the outer pieces of a head of celery, saving the heart for table use), 1 breakfastcupful of tinned tomatoes or 1/2 lb. of fresh ones, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Chop the onion up roughly, and fry it in the butter until beginning to brown. Pick and wash the lentils, and set them over the fire with 2 quarts of water or vegetable stock, adding the fried onion. Peel, wash, and cut up the potatoes, prepare the celery, cut it into small pieces, and add all to the lentils. When they are nearly soft add the tomatoes. When all the ingredients are quite tender rub them through a sieve. Return the soup to the saucepan, add pepper and salt, and more water if the soup is too thick. Serve with sippets of toast.

MACARONI STEW.

6 oz. of cold boiled macaroni, 1 large Spanish onion, 1 carrot, 1/2 lb. of tomatoes, 1/4 lb. of mushrooms, 2 oz. of grated cheese, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Wash, prepare, and cut up the vegetables in small pieces. Cover them with water and stew them until tender, adding the butter and seasoning. When tender add the macaroni cut into finger lengths, and the cheese.

MILK SOUP.

2 onions, 2 turnips, 1 head of celery, 3 pints of milk, 1 pint of water, 2 tablespoonfuls of Allinson fine wheatmeal, pepper and salt to taste. Chop up the vegetables and boil them in the water until quite tender. Rub them through a sieve, return the whole to the saucepan, add pepper and salt, rub the wheatmeal smooth in the milk, let the soup simmer for 5 minutes, and serve.

MILK SOUP (suitable for Children).

1-1/2 pints of milk, 1 egg, 1 tablespoonful of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 1-1/2 oz. of sultanas, sugar to taste. Boil 1-1/4 pints of milk, add the sugar, beat up the egg with the rest of the milk and mix the wheatmeal smooth with it; stir this into the boiling milk, add the sultanas, and let the soup simmer for 10 minutes.

OATMEAL SOUP.

6 oz. of coarse oatmeal, the outer part of a head of celery, 1 Spanish onion, 1 turnip, 1 oz. of butter, and pepper and salt. Wash and cut the vegetables up small, set them over the fire with 2 quarts of water. When boiling, stir in the oatmeal and allow all to cook gently for 2 hours. Rub the mixture well through a sieve, adding hot water it necessary. Return the soup to the saucepan, add the butter and pepper and salt, and let it boil up. The soup should be of a smooth, creamy consistency. Serve with sippets of toast or Allinson plain rusks.

ONION SOUP (French).

1/2 lb. onions, 3 oz. grated cheese, 2 oz. butter, some squares of Allinson wholemeal bread, pepper and salt to taste. Peel and chop the onions, and fry them a nice brown in the butter. When brown add to it the cheese and 3 pints of water. Boil all up together and season to taste. Place the bread in the tureen, pour the boiling soup over it, and serve.

PARSNIP SOUP.

3 parsnips, 1 onion, 1 head of celery, 1/2 oz. of butter, 1/2 pint of milk, 1 quart of water, 1 tablespoonful of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 1 tablespoonful of vinegar, pepper and salt. Scrape the parsnips and cut them up finely, cut up the celery and onion, and set the vegetables over the fire with the water, butter, and pepper and salt to taste: when they are quite tender rub them through a sieve. Return the soup to the saucepan, add the milk and the thickening, boil up for five minutes, and before serving add the vinegar. This latter may be left out if preferred.

PEA SOUP.

1 lb. of split peas, 1 lb. of potatoes, peeled, washed, and cut into pieces, 1 Spanish onion, 1 carrot, 1 turnip, 1/2 head of celery or a whole small one, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, Pick and wash the peas, and set them to boil in 2 quarts of water. Add the potatoes and the other vegetables, previously prepared and cut into small pieces, the butter and seasoning. When all the ingredients are soft, rub them through a sieve and return them to the saucepan. If the soup is too thick, add more water. Boil it up, and serve with fresh chopped mint, or fried dice of Allinson wholemeal bread. Allow 3 to 4 hours for the soup.

PEASE BROSE.

This is made by the Scottish peasant in this way. He puts some pea flour into a basin, and pours boiling water over it, at the same time stirring and thoroughly mixing the meal and water together. When mixed he adds a little salt, pepper, and butter, and eats it with or without oatcake.

PORTUGUESE SOUP.

4 onions, 4 tomatoes, 1 oz. of grated cheese, 1/4 lb. of stale Allinson wholemeal bread, 1 quart of water, 1 oz. of butter, 1 even teaspoonful of herbs, pepper and salt to taste. Slice the onions and fry them until brown, add the tomatoes skinned and sliced, the water, herbs, and pepper and salt, and let the whole boil gently for 1 hour. Cut up the bread into dice, and put it into the tureen, pour the soup over it, cover, and let it stand for 10 minutes to allow the bread to soak; sprinkle the cheese over before serving.

POTATO SOUP.

2 lbs. of potatoes, 1/2 stick of celery or the outer stalks of a head of celery, saving the heart for table use; 1 large Spanish onion, 1 pint of milk, 1 oz. of butter, a heaped up tablespoonful of finely chopped parsley, and pepper and salt to taste. Peel, wash, and cut in pieces the potatoes, peel and chop roughly the onion, prepare and cut in small pieces the celery. Cook the vegetables in three pints of water until they are quite soft. Rub them through a sieve, return the fluid mixture to the saucepan; add the milk, butter, and seasoning, and boil the soup up again; if too thick add more water. Mix the parsley in the soup just before serving.

RICE SOUP.

3 oz. of rice, 4 oz. of grated cheese, a breakfastcupful of tomato juice, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Boil the rice till tender in 2-1/2 pints of water, with the butter and seasoning. When quite soft, add the tomato juice and the cheese; stir until the soup boils and the cheese is dissolved, and serve. If too much of the water has boiled away, add a little more.

RICE AND GREEN-PEA SOUP.

2 oz. of rice, 1 breakfastcupful of shelled green peas, 1 pint of milk, 1 quart of water, 1 oz. of butter. Boil the rice in the water for 10 minutes, add the peas, the butter and pepper and salt to taste. Let it cook until the rice and peas are tender, add the milk and boil the soup up before serving.

RICE AND ONION SOUP.

4 onions, 3 oz. of rice, 1-1/2 oz. of butter, 3 pints of water, pepper and salt. Chop the onions up very finely, and fry them with the butter until slightly browned; add the rice, seasoning, and water, and let the whole cook gently until quite soft. A tablespoonful of finely chopped parsley may be added.

ST. ANDREW'S SOUP.

4 large potatoes, 1 pint of clear tomato juice (from tinned tomatoes), 1 pint of milk, 1 pint of water, 2 eggs, 1 oz. of butter, seasoning to taste. Boil the potatoes in their skins; when tender peel and pass them through a potato masher. Put the potatoes into a saucepan with the butter, tomato juice, and water, adding pepper and salt to taste. Allow the soup to simmer for 10 minutes, then add the milk; boil up again, remove the saucepan to the cool side of the stove and stir in the eggs well beaten. Serve at once with sippets of toast, or Allinson plain rusks.

SCARLET RUNNER SOUP.

1-1/2 lbs. of French beans or scarlet runners, 1 onion, 1 carrot, 1 stick of celery, 1/2 oz. of butter, 1 teaspoonful of thyme, 2 quarts of water, pepper and salt to taste, and 2 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal. String the beans and break them up in small pieces, cut up the other vegetables and add them to the water, which should be boiling; add also the butter and pepper and salt. Allow all to cook until thoroughly tender, then rub through a sieve. Return the soup to the saucepan (adding more water if it has boiled away much), and thicken it with the wheatmeal; let it simmer for 5 minutes, and serve with fried sippets of bread.

SORREL SOUP (1).

1/2 lb. of sorrel, 1-1/2 lbs. of potatoes, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt, 3 pints of water. Pick, wash, and chop fine the sorrel, peel and cut up in slices the potatoes, and set both over the fire with the water, butter, and seasoning to taste; when the potatoes are quite tender, pass the soup through a sieve. Serve with sippets of toast.

SORREL SOUP (2).

1 lb. of sorrel, 1 large Spanish onion, 3 pints of water, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, 1/2 lb. of Allinson wholemeal bread cut into small dice. Pick, wash, and chop up the sorrel, chop up the onion, and boil both with the water, butter, pepper, and salt until the onion is quite tender. Place the bread in the soup-tureen and pour the soup over it. Cover it up, and let the bread soak for a few minutes before serving.

SORREL SOUP (French) (3).

1 lb. of sorrel, 1 oz. of butter, 2 tablespoonfuls of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 2 quarts of water, pepper and salt, 2 eggs. Pick and wash the sorrel and drain the water. Set it over the fire with the butter and stew for 5 minutes, add the wheatmeal, and stir it with the sorrel for 5 minutes; add the water, pepper and salt to taste, and let the soup simmer for 1/2 an hour; before serving add the eggs well beaten, but do not allow them to boil, as this would make them curdle; serve with sippets of toast.

SPANISH SOUP.

3 pints of chestnuts peeled and skinned, 2 Spanish onions, 6 potatoes, 2 turnips cut up in dice, 1 teaspoonful of thyme, 1 dessertspoonful of vinegar, 2 oz. of grated cheese, 1 oz. of butter, 2 quarts of water, pepper and salt to taste. Boil the chestnuts and vegetables gently until quite tender, which will take 1-1/2 hours. Rub them through a sieve and return the soup to the saucepan; add the butter; vinegar, and pepper and salt to taste. Let it boil 10 minutes, and sift in the cheese before serving.

SPINACH SOUP.

2 lbs. of spinach, 1 chopped up onion, 1 oz. of butter, 1 pint of milk, the juice of 1 lemon, 1-1/2 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, and pepper and salt to taste. This will make about 3 pints of soup. Wash the spinach well, and cook it in 1 pint of water with the onion and seasoning. When the spinach is quite soft, rub all through a sieve. Mix the wheatmeal with the melted butter as in the previous recipe, stir into it the spinach, add the milk; boil all up, and add the lemon juice last of all. If the soup is too thick, add a little water.

SPRING SOUP.

2 carrots, 1 turnip, 1/2 head celery, 10 small spring onions, 1 tea-cup of cauliflower cut into little branches, heart of small white cabbage lettuce, small handful of sorrel, 1 leaf each of chervil and of tarragon, 1/4 pint of peas, 1/4 pint asparagus points, 1/4 pint croutons, 1 quart of water. Cut the carrots and turnip into small rounds, or to shape; add them with the chopped-up celery, whole onions, and cauliflower, to a quart of water, and bring to the boil; simmer for 1/2 an hour. Stamp the sorrel and lettuce into small round pieces, and add them with the leaf of chervil and tarragon to the soup, together with 1 teaspoonful of sugar. When all is quite tender add the peas and asparagus points, freshly cooked; serve with croutons.

SUMMER SOUP.

1 cucumber, 2 cabbage lettuces, 1 onion, small handful of spinach, a piece of mint, 1 pint shelled peas, 2 oz. butter. Wash and cut up the lettuces, also cut up the cucumber and onion, put them into a stewpan, together with 1/2 pint of peas, the mint, and butter. Cover with about 1 quart of cold water, bring to the boil, and simmer gently for 3 hours. Then strain off the liquid and pass the vegetables through a sieve. Add them to the liquid again, and set on the fire. Season and add 1/2 pint green peas previously boiled.

TAPIOCA AND TOMATO SOUP.

2 oz. of tapioca, 1 lb. of tomatoes, 1 carrot, 1 turnip, 1 teaspoonful of herbs, 1 blade of mace, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, and 3 pints of water. Peel, wash, and cut up finely the vegetables and stew them in the butter for 10 minutes. Add the water, the tomatoes skinned and cut in slices, the herbs and seasoning to taste; when the soup is boiling, sprinkle in the tapioca, let all cook until quite tender, pass the soup through a sieve, return it to the saucepan, and boil it up before serving.

TOMATO SOUP (1).

1-1/2 lbs. of tomatoes (or 1 tin of tomatoes), 1 oz. of butter, 3 pints of water (only 2 if tinned tomatoes are used), 2 oz. of rice, 1 large onion, 1 teaspoonful of herbs, pepper and salt to taste. Cut the tomatoes into slices, chop fine the onion, and let them cook with the water for about 20 minutes. Strain the mixture, return the liquid to the saucepan, and add the other ingredients and seasoning. Let the soup cook gently until the rice is tender.

TOMATO SOUP (2).

1 tin of tomatoes, or 2 lbs. of fresh ones, 1 large Spanish onion or 2 small ones, 2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, 1 oz. vermicelli, and 2 bay leaves (these may be left out it desired). Peel the onion and chop it up roughly. Fry it brown with the butter in the saucepan in which the soup should be made. When the onion is browned add the tomatoes (the fresh ones should be sliced), the bay leaves and 3 pints of water; let all cook together for 1/2 an hour. Then drain the liquid through a strainer or sieve without rubbing anything through; return the soup to the saucepan, add seasoning and the vermicelli, and allow the soup to cook until the vermicelli is soft, which will take from 5 to 10 minutes.

VEGETABLE SOUP.

2 large turnips, 2 large carrots, 2 Spanish onions, 1 teacupful of pearl barley, 1-1/2 oz. butter, 1/2 pint of milk, salt and pepper to taste. Cover the vegetables with cold water and allow them to boil from 2 to 3 hours, then rub through a sieve and add butter and milk. It too thick, add more milk. Boil up and serve.

VEGETABLE MARROW SOUP.

1 medium-sized marrow, 1 onion, 1/2 oz. of finely chopped parsley, 2 tablespoonfuls of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 1 pint of milk, 1 quart of water, 1/2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Remove the pips from the marrow, cut it into pieces, chop up fine the onions, and cook the vegetables for 20 minutes, adding the butter, pepper, and salt. Rub through a sieve, return the soup to the saucepan, rub the fine wheatmeal smooth with the milk, add this to the soup, allow it to simmer for 5 minutes, and add the parsley before serving.

WHITE SOUP.

4 oz. of ground almonds, 1 pint of milk, 1 pint of water, 1 oz. of vermicelli, 2 blades of mace, pepper and salt. Let the almonds and mace simmer in the water and milk for 1/2 of an hour, remove the mace, add pepper and salt to taste, and the vermicelli. Let the soup cook gently until the vermicelli is soft, and serve.



BATTERS

These dishes take the place of omelets and frequently of pies, to both of which they are in many particulars similar. The batter is used to keep the ingredients together, and adds to their wholesomeness.

BATTER CELERY.

1 large head of celery, 1 pint of milk, 3 eggs, 6 oz. Allinson fine wheatmeal, 2 oz. butter, 1 English onion, pepper and salt to taste. Prepare the celery, cut it into small pieces, chop up the onion pretty fine, and stew both gently in half the milk and the butter and seasoning. Make a batter meanwhile with the rest of the milk, the eggs and the wheatmeal. When the celery and onion are quite tender mix the batter with them; grease a pie-dish, pour the mixture into it, and bake the savoury for 1-1/2 hours. Eat with potatoes and tomato sauce.

BATTER POTATO.

1-1/2 lbs. of potatoes, two good-sized English onions, 1 pint of milk, 1/2 lb. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 3 eggs, 2-1/2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Peel and wash the potatoes, and slice them 1/4 inch thick, then dry them on a cloth. Chop fine the onions. Put the butter into the frying-pan, and let it get boiling hot, turn into it the potatoes and onions, and fry them together, stirring frequently until the vegetables begin to brown and get soft. Make a batter of the milk, meal, and eggs, stir the fried potatoes and onions into it, and season with pepper and salt. Grease a pie-dish, turn the mixture into it, and bake the savoury for 1-1/2 hours. Serve with vegetables and tomato sauce. This is a very tasty dish.

BATTER VEGETABLE.

1/2 lb. of turnips, 1/2 lb. of carrots, 1/2 lb. of potatoes, 1/2 lb. of shelled green peas (if in season), 1/2 lb. of onions, 8 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 1 pint of milk, 3 eggs, 2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt. Cut the vegetables into small dice; fry them in the butter until fairly well cooked. Make the batter with the milk, wheatmeal, and the eggs well beaten; add the vegetables and seasoning. Bake the mixture in a pie-dish for 1-1/2 hours in a moderate oven.



SAVOURIES

ARTICHOKES AUX TOMATOES.

2 lbs. of artichokes, 1-1/2 lbs. of tomatoes (or three parts of a tin of tomatoes), 1 oz. of Allinson fine wholemeal, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, 1/2 dozen eschalots. Parboil the artichokes, drain them, and cut them into slices. Make tomato sauce as follows: Chop the eschalots up very finely, slice the tomatoes and stew both in 3/4 pint of water for 20 minutes, adding seasoning and the butter; thicken the sauce with the wheatmeal, rub through a sieve, pour it over the artichokes and stew both gently until the artichokes are quite tender; serve with potatoes.

BEAN PIE.

This is made from boiled beans, which are put in a pie-dish, soaked tapioca, flavouring herbs, pepper, salt, and butter are added, a cup of water is poured in to make the gravy, a crust is put on the top, and then baked for 1 hour or so. This is a tasty dish. Cold beans are very nice if warmed in a frying-pan with oil or butter, and may be eaten with potatoes, vegetables, and sauce. Mashed beans, flavoured with pepper, salt, and mace, and put into pots make an excellent substitute for potted meat.

BREAD AND CHEESE SAVOURY.

1/2 lb. of Allinson wholemeal bread, 3 oz. of grated cheese, 1 pint of milk, 3 eggs, pepper and salt to taste, a little nutmeg, and some butter. Cut the bread into slices and butter them: arrange in layers in a pie-dish, spreading some cheese between the layers, and dusting with pepper, salt, and a little nutmeg. Finish with a good sprinkling of cheese. Whip up the eggs, mix them with the milk and pour the mixture over the bread and cheese in the pie-dish. Pour the custard back into the basin, and repeat the pouring over the contents of the pie-dish. If this is done 2 or 3 times the top slices of bread and butter get soaked and then bake better. This should also be done when a bread and butter pudding is made. Bake the savoury until brown, which it will be in about 3/4 of an hour.

BUTTER BEANS WITH PARSLEY SAUCE.

Pick the beans, wash them, and steep them over night in boiling water, just covering them. Allow 2 or 3 oz. of beans for each person. In the morning, let them cook gently in the water they are steeped in with the addition of a little butter, until quite soft, which will be in about 2 hours. The beans should be cooked in only enough water to keep them from burning, therefore, when it boils away, add only just sufficient for absorption. The sauce is made thus: 1 pint of milk, 1 tablespoonful of Allinson fine wheatmeal, a handful of finely chopped parsley, the juice of 1/2 a lemon, pepper and salt to taste. Boil the milk and thicken it with the flour, which should first be smoothed with a little cold milk, then last of all add the lemon juice, the seasoning, and the parsley. This dish should be eaten with potatoes and green vegetables.

CARROTS AND RICE.

1 breakfastcupful of rice, 6 medium-sized carrots, 2 oz. of butter, 1 tablespoonful of finely chopped Parsley, 1 tablespoonful of Allinson fine wheatmeal, pepper and salt to taste. Boil the rice in 1 quart of water until quite tender and dry; meanwhile slice the carrots and stew them in 1 pint of water and 1 oz. of butter until quite tender, thicken them with the meal, add seasoning and the parsley. Set the rice in the form of a ring on a dish, pile the carrots in the centre, sprinkle a few breadcrumbs over the whole, also the butter cut into little bits, and bake the dish in a moderate oven for 20 minutes.

CAULIFLOWER AND POTATO PIE.

1 fair-sized boiled (cold) cauliflower, 1 lb. of cold boiled potatoes, 1 pint of milk, 3 eggs, 8 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 1-1/2 oz. of butter, 4 oz. of grated cheese, pepper and salt to taste. Cut up the cauliflower and potatoes, sprinkle half the cheese between the vegetables, make a batter of the milk and eggs and meal, add seasoning to it, place the vegetables in a pie-dish, pour the batter over them, cut the butter into little bits and put them on the top of the pie, sprinkle the rest of the cheese over all, and bake for 1 hour.

CAULIFLOWER PIE.

1 small cauliflower, 3/4 lb. of potatoes, 1/2 lb. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 3 eggs, 3/4 pint of milk, 1 oz. of butter, 1 saltspoonful of nutmeg, pepper and salt. Parboil the cauliflower and potatoes, cut the former into pieces and slice the potatoes; place both in a pie-dish with the butter and seasoning; make a batter of the meal, milk, and the eggs, well beaten; pour it over the vegetables, mix well, and bake 1-1/2 hours.

CELERY A LA PARMESAN.

2 heads of celery, 1 pint of milk, 2 oz. of Parmesan, or any other cooking cheese, 2 tablespoonfuls of breadcrumbs, 1 oz. of butter. Cut the celery into pieces 3 inches long, stew it in the milk until tender; drain the milk and make a sauce of it, thickening with Allinson fine wheatmeal, and adding the cheese and seasoning to taste. Put the celery into a pie-dish, pour the sauce over it, sprinkle the breadcrumbs over the whole, place the butter in little pieces on the top, and bake for 15 minutes in a moderate oven.

CELERY CROQUETTES.

1 or 2 heads of celery, a teacupful of dried and sifted Allinson breadcrumbs, 2 eggs, pepper and salt to taste. Well wash the celery, remove the coarse outer stalks, and steam the parts used until they are a little tender. Then cut them into pieces about 2 inches long, dip them first into the egg whipped up, then into the breadcrumbs, and fry them in boiling butter, vege-butter, or olive oil until a nice brown; dust with pepper and salt, and serve up very hot; eat with white or tomato sauce.

CHESTNUT PIE.

2 lbs. of chestnuts, 1 head of celery, 1 large Spanish onion, 1/2 lb. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 4 oz. of butter, pepper and salt. Boil the chestnuts until partly tender, and remove the skins; cut the celery into pieces, removing the outer very hard pieces only, slice the onion and stew until tender in 1 pint of water; mix all the ingredients together, adding 1 oz. of the butter and seasoning to taste; make some pastry of the meal, 3 oz. of butter, and a little cold water; turn the vegetables into a pie-dish, cover the dish with the pastry, and bake the pie for 1 hour; serve with brown gravy.

COLCANON.

1 large cabbage, 1 pint of mashed potatoes, 2 oz. of grated cheese, 2 eggs, 1 oz. of butter, 1/2 saltspoonful of nutmeg, pepper and salt to taste. Boil the cabbage in 1 pint of water until quite tender, drain the water off to keep for stock, chop the cabbage up fine; mix it with the mashed potatoes, the butter and seasoning and the grated cheese; beat up the eggs, and mix these well with the rest; press the mixture into a greased mould, heat all well through in the oven or in a steamer, turn out and serve with a white sauce. This can be made from cold potatoes and cold cabbage.

CORN PUDDING.

1 tin of sweet corn, 1 pint of milk, 4 eggs, 1 oz. of butter, 8 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 1/2 saltspoonful of nutmeg, pepper and salt to taste. Make a batter of the meal, eggs and milk, add the other ingredients, pour the mixture into a pie-dish, and let it bake 1 hour.

CURRY BALLS.

8 oz. of rice, 1/2 oz. of butter, 1 good teaspoonful of curry, 2 eggs, pepper and salt to taste, some oil or butter for frying, and 1 teacupful of raspings. Boil the rice in 1 pint of water, adding the butter and seasoning. When the rice is dry and tender mix in the curry, beat up 1 egg, and bind the rice with that. Form into balls, dip them in the other egg, well beaten, then into the raspings and fry them a nice brown in oil or vege-butter.

CURRY SAVOURY.

1 breakfastcupful of rice, 1 ditto of Egyptian lentils, 1 lb. of tomatoes, 1 dessertspoonful of curry, 2 eggs well beaten, 1 oz. of butter, salt to taste. Boil the rice and lentils together until quite tender, and let them cool a little. Slice the tomatoes into a pie-dish, mix the curry, eggs, and salt with the rice and lentils, add a little milk if necessary; spread the mixture over the tomatoes, with the butter in bits over the top, and bake the savoury from 1/2 to 1 hour.

FAVOURITE PIE.

3 oz. of macaroni, 2 breakfastcupfuls of Allinson breadcrumbs, 2 onions, chopped very fine, 2 breakfastcupfuls of tinned tomatoes, 3 eggs, well beaten, 3 oz. of butter, 1 dessertspoonful of curry, salt to taste. Boil the macaroni until tender, and cut it up into pieces 1 inch long; fry the onion brown in the butter, mix the breadcrumbs with the tomatoes, add the eggs, curry, onion and salt, and mix all this with the macaroni; turn the mixture into a pie-dish, and bake the pie for 1 hour.

FORCEMEAT BALLS.

2 oz. of breadcrumbs, 6 oz. of boiled and grated potatoes, 1 gill of milk, 2 eggs, some Allinson fine wheatmeal 1/4 teaspoonful of nutmeg, 3 finely chopped onions, 2 handfuls of spinach, 1 handful of parsley, 1 ditto of lettuce, all chopped fine. Soak the breadcrumbs in the milk, add the potatoes, eggs well beaten, all the vegetables and seasoning; mix sufficient of the wheatmeal with the rest to make the mixture into a fairly firm paste, form this into balls, drop these in boiling clear soup or water (according to requirements), and boil them for 5 to 10 minutes.

HAGGIS.

2 oz. of wheatmeal, 1 oz. of rolled oatmeal, 1 egg, 1/2 oz. of oiled butter, 1/2 lb. small sago, 3 eggs, 1 large Spanish onion, 1 dessertspoonful of mixed powdered herbs, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, and a little milk if needed. Swell the sago over the fire with as much water as it will absorb; when quite soft put into it the butter to melt, and, when melted, mix in the oatmeal and wheatmeal. Grate the onion, and whip up the eggs; mix all the ingredients together, not forgetting the herbs and seasoning. The whole should be a thick porridgy mass; if too dry add a little milk. Butter a pudding basin, pour into it the mixture, place a piece of buttered paper over it, tie a pudding cloth over the basin, and steam the haggis for 3 hours.

HERB PIE.

1 handful of parsley, 1 handful of spinach, and 1 of mustard and cress, 2 lettuce hearts sliced fine, 2 small onions, and a little butter, 3 eggs, 1 pint of milk, and 1/2 lb. of Allinson fine wheatmeal. Chop all the vegetables up finely, and mix them with a batter made of the milk, meal, and eggs; season it with pepper and salt; mix well; pour the mixture into a buttered pie-dish, place bits of butter over the top, and bake it for 1-1/2 hours.

HOT-POT.

2 lbs. of potatoes, 3/4 lb. of onions, 1 breakfastcupful of tinned tomatoes, or 1/2 lb. of sliced fresh ones, 1 teaspoonful of thyme, 1-1/2 oz. butter, pepper and salt to taste. Those who do not like tomatoes can leave them out, and the dish will still be very savoury. The potatoes should be peeled, washed, and cut into thin slices, and the onions peeled and cut into thin slices. Arrange the vegetables and tomatoes in layers; dust a little pepper and salt between the layers, and finish with a layer of potatoes. Cut the butter into little bits, place them on the top of the potatoes, fill the dish with hot water, and bake the hot-pot for 2 hours or more in a hot oven. Add a little more hot water if necessary while baking to make up for what is lost in the cooking.

LEEK PIE.

1 bunch of leeks, 1 lb. of potatoes, 1/2 teaspoonful of herbs, a little nutmeg, 1 pint of milk, pepper and salt to taste, 8 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 3 eggs, 1 oz. of butter. Cut up into dice the potatoes and leeks, parboil them in 1 pint of water, adding the herbs, butter, and seasoning; place the vegetables in a pie-dish, make a batter with the milk, eggs, and meal, pour it over the vegetables, mix all well, and bake the pie 1-1/2 to 2 hours in a moderate oven.

LENTIL PIE.

1/2 lb. of lentils, 1 lb. of potatoes, 1 lb. of tomatoes, 1 Spanish onion, 1 heaped-up teaspoonful of herbs, 3 hard-boiled eggs, 1-1/2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Have the lentils cooked beforehand. Peel, wash, and cut into dice the potatoes and onion, and fry them in the butter until nearly soft. Scald and slice the tomatoes, and mix the fried vegetables, lentils, tomatoes, herbs, and seasoning well together. Turn the mixture into a pie-dish, and pour over as much water or vegetable stock as may be required for gravy. Quarter the eggs and place them on the top. Cover with a short crust, and bake the pie for 1 to 1-1/2 hours.

LENTIL RISSOLES.

1/2 lb. of lentils, 1 finely chopped onion, 1 breakfastcupful of breadcrumbs, 1 breakfastcupful of tinned tomatoes, 1-1/2 oz. of butter, 2 eggs, pepper and salt to taste, some raspings, butter, vege-butter or oil for frying. Pick and wash the lentils, and boil them in enough water to cover them; when this is absorbed add the tomatoes, and if necessary gradually a little more water to prevent the lentils from burning. Fry the onion in 1-1/2 oz. of butter, mix it with the lentils as they are stewing, and add pepper and salt to taste. When the lentils are quite soft, and like a puree (which will take from 1 to 1-1/2 hours), set them aside to cool. Mix the lentils and the breadcrumbs, beat up one of the eggs and add it to the mixture, beating all well together. If it is too dry, add a very little milk, but only just enough to make the mixture keep together. Form into rissoles, beat up the second egg, roll them into the egg and raspings, and fry the rissoles a nice brown in boiling butter or oil. Drain and serve.

LENTIL TURNOVERS.

6 oz. of lentils, 6 oz. of mushrooms, 1 English onion chopped very fine, 1 ounce of butter, 1 dessertspoonful of lemon juice, pepper and salt to taste. Pick and wash the lentils, and cook them in only as much water as they will absorb. Peel, wash, and cut up the mushrooms, chop fine the onion, and fry both in the butter. Add them to the lentils now cooking; also the lemon juice and seasoning. When the lentils are quite soft, the whole should be a fairly firm puree. Let it cool, and meanwhile make a paste of 6 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal and 2 oz. of butter or vege-butter and a little water. Roll the paste out thin, cut into squares of about 4 inches. Place some of the lentil mixture in each, moisten the edges, turn half over, and press the edges together. Bake for 15 minutes in a floured tin, and serve with brown sauce, vegetables, and potatoes.

LENTILS (CURRIED), AND RICE.

1 breakfastcupful each of lentils and rice, 1 lb. of fresh tomatoes or 1/2 a tinful of tinned ones, 1 dessertspoonful of curry, 3 eggs, well beaten, 2 oz. of butter, some breadcrumbs, and salt to taste. Roast the rice in a frying-pan in half of the butter until browned; then set it over the fire with 1-1/2 pints of water and the lentils, picked and washed. When tender set them aside to cool a little. Scald and skin the tomatoes, cut them into slices and place them in a buttered pie-dish. Smooth the curry with 1 spoonful of water; add the curry, the eggs, and salt to the cooked rice and lentils, and mix all well. Spread all over the tomatoes, scatter breadcrumbs over the top, cut up the rest of the butter in pieces and place them here and there over the breadcrumbs. Bake the savoury for 3/4 of an hour to 1 hour.

LENTILS (POTTED), FOR SANDWICHES.

1/2 lb. of lentils, 1 English onion, 1/2 a cupful of tinned tomatoes, 1 blade of mace, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Pick and wash the lentils, and set them over the fire to cook, only just covered with water, adding the mace, pepper, and salt. Chop fine the onion and fry it a nice brown in the butter; add the fried onions and tomatoes to the lentils, stir them sometimes to prevent burning, and let the lentils cook gently until they have become soft and make a fairly firm puree. If too dry, add a little more water as may be required. When they are done remove the mace and turn the lentils out to get cold. Then use for making sandwiches with very thin bread and butter.

MINESTRA.

1 breakfastcupful of potatoes cut into small dice, 2 breakfastcupfuls of flagolet beans, onions, carrots, and celery mixed (the latter cut up small), 1/4 lb. of rice, 2 oz. of butter, 2 oz. of grated Parmesan cheese, pepper and salt to taste. Boil the vegetables in 1 quart of water until quite tender, add the rice, also pepper and salt, and cook all together gently until the rice is soft, adding more water if necessary. Before serving add the butter and cheese, stir a few minutes, and serve.

MUSHROOM CUTLETS.

1/4 lb. of mushrooms, 1/2 teacupful of mashed potatoes, 1 teacupful of breadcrumbs, 1 small onion, 2 eggs, 2 oz. of butter, a little milk, 1 teaspoonful of finely chopped parsley, 1/2 teaspoonful of herbs. Peel and cut up the mushrooms, chop up the onion, and fry them in 1 oz. of butter. Mix the mushrooms and onion with the breadcrumbs, 1 egg well beaten, add also pepper and salt to taste; if necessary add a little milk to make it into a paste; shape the mixture into cutlets, dip them in the other egg well beaten, and fry them in the rest of the butter. Serve with tomato sauce.

MUSHROOM PIE.

1-1/2 lbs. of mushrooms, 1-1/2 lbs. of potatoes, 1 Spanish onion, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, 1 teaspoonful of mixed herbs, and 3 hard-boiled eggs. Peel and wash the mushrooms, and cut them into 2 or 4 pieces, according to their size. Peel and wash the potatoes, and cut them into pieces the size of walnuts; parboil them with 1 pint of water, and turn them into a pie-dish with the water. Chop up the onion, and cook the mushrooms and onion for 10 minutes with the butter in 1/2 pint of water, adding the herbs and seasoning. Mix all well in the pie-dish, quarter the eggs, and place them on the top, cover with a short crust, and bake the pie for 3/4 of an hour to 1 hour.

MUSHROOM SAVOURY.

4 ounces of Allinson plain rusks 3 eggs, 1 pint of milk, 2 oz. of butter, 1 lb. of mushrooms, 1 small onion chopped fine, and pepper and salt to taste. Crush the rusks and soak in the milk; add the eggs well whipped. Peel, wash, and cut up the mushrooms, and fry them and the onion in the butter. When they have cooked in the butter for 10 minutes add them to the other ingredients, and season with pepper and salt. Pour the mixture into a greased pie-dish, and bake the savoury for 1 hour. Serve with green vegetables, potatoes, and tomato sauce.

MUSHROOM TARTLETS.

1/2 lb. of mushrooms, 1 oz. of butter, 1 small English onion, 1 tablespoonful of vermicelli broken up small, pepper and salt to taste. Peel and wash the mushrooms and cut them up; chop up the onions very fine, melt the butter in the frying-pan and fry the mushrooms and onion in it, adding pepper and salt to taste; a good deal of liquid will run from the mushrooms, stir into it the vermicelli, which let cook in the juice until tender; let the mixture cool, line some tartlet tins with Allinson wholemeal crust, fill with the mixture, cover with crust, and press the edges well together; bake in a moderate oven.

MUSHROOM TART AND GRAVY.

1 lb. of mushrooms, 1/2 lb. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 4 oz. of butter or Allinson frying oil, pepper and salt to taste. Pick and wash the mushrooms, remove the stalks, dry them and cut them into pieces; make pastry with the meal, 3 oz. of the butter, and a little cold water; roll it out, line a large plate and heap the mushrooms upon it, dredge well with pepper and salt, and cut the rest of the butter into bits to be scattered over the mushrooms; when you line the plate, keep a little of the paste, cut this into thin strips and lay them in diamond shape across the pie; bake the pie 3/4 hour in a moderate oven.

The Gravy.—The stalks of the mushrooms, 4 eschalots chopped very fine, 1 teaspoonful of Allinson cornflour, 3 bay leaves, 1/2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Fry the stalks and eschalots in the butter, then gently cook them in 3/4 pint of water for 1/2 hour, adding seasoning and the bay leaves; strain, return the sauce to the saucepan, and thicken it with the cornflour.

MUSHROOM TURNOVERS.

1/2 lb. of medium-sized mushrooms, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. For the pastry, 1/2 lb. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 3 oz. of butter (or 3 tablespoonfuls of Allinson frying oil). Make the pastry of the meal, butter, and a little water; pick and wash the mushrooms, cut them up in small pieces dredge them with pepper and salt, and fry them in the butter for 5 to 10 minutes. Roll the paste out, cut it in squares of about 4 inches, and place as much mushroom on each as it will conveniently hold. Press the edges of each square together, folding them in triangular shape, and bake them in a moderate oven for an hour. Serve with brown gravy.

OATMEAL PIE-CRUST.

4 oz. each of medium oatmeal and Allinson fine wheatmeal, and 2-1/2 oz. of vege-butter or butter. Make the crust in the usual way with cold water. It will be found beautifully short, very tasty, and more digestible than white flour pastry.

ONION TART.

1 lb. of Spanish onions, 1 lb. of English onions, 4 oz. of butter, 3 eggs, 1/2 pint of cream, pepper and salt to taste, 1/2 lb. of Allinson fine wheatmeal. Slice the onions, and stew them with 1-1/2 oz. of butter without browning them. When tender let the onions cool, mix with them the eggs, well beaten, and the cream, also the seasoning. Make a paste with the meal and the rest of the butter, line with it a baking-tin, keeping back a small quantity of the paste; pour the mixture of onions, eggs, and cream into the paste-lined tin, cut the rest of the paste into thin strips, and lay these crossways over the tart, forming diamond-shaped squares; bake the tart in a moderate oven until golden brown.

ONION TURNOVER.

2 medium-sized Spanish onions, 1 oz. of butter (or Allinson frying oil), 3 eggs, pepper and salt. For the pastry, 6 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 2-1/2 oz. of butter or oil. Chop the onions fine, boil them a few minutes in a little water, and drain them; stew them in the butter for 10 minutes, adding the seasoning beat up the eggs and mix them well with the onions over the fire, remove the mixture as it begins to set. Have ready the pastry made with the meal, butter, and a little cold water, roll it out, place the onions and eggs on it, fold the pastry over, pinching the edges over, and bake the turnover brown. Serve with gravy. This is a Turkish dish.

POTATO PIE.

Slice potatoes and onions, stew with a little water until nearly done, put into a pie-dish, flavour with herbs, pepper, and salt, add a little soaked tapioca and very little butter, cover with short wheatmeal crust, and bake 1 hour. To make a very plain pie-crust use about 2 oz. of butter or a proportionate quantity of Allinson frying oil to 1 lb. of wheatmeal. Roll or touch with the fingers as little as possible, and mix with milk instead of water. Eat this pie with green vegetables.

POTATO AND TOMATO PIE.

2 lbs. of potatoes, 2 lbs. of tomatoes, 3 hard-boiled eggs, 1 oz. of vermicelli or sago, 1 Spanish onion, 1 dessertspoonful of thyme, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. For the crust, 1/2 lb. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 3 oz. of butter, and as much cold water as needed. Boil the potatoes in their skins, and when nearly soft drain, peel, and cut them into pieces, scald and skin the tomatoes and cut them into pieces also. Mix them with the potatoes in a pie-dish. Chop up roughly the onion, and boil in about 1 pint of water, adding the butter and the vermicelli or sago. Cook until soft. Add pepper and salt, and mix all with the potatoes and tomatoes. Sprinkle in the thyme, and mix all the ingredients well. Quarter the eggs and place the pieces on the top of the vegetables. Make the crust, cover the dish with it, and bake the pie from 3/4 of an hour to 1 hour. The crust looks better if brushed over with white of egg before baking.

POTATOES AND MUSHROOM STEW.

1-1/2 lbs. of potatoes, 1 Spanish onion, 1/2 lb. of mushrooms, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt, and 1 teaspoonful of Allinson cornflour for thickening. Peel, wash, and cut into pieces the potatoes; chop up the onion, and set both over the fire with 1 pint of water, the butter and seasoning; let cook until the potatoes are about half done. Meanwhile skin, wash, and cut into pieces the mushrooms, add them to the other ingredients, and let all stew together until tender. Thicken the liquid with the cornflour, boil up, and serve.

QUEEN'S APPLE AND ONION PIE.

3 breakfastcupfuls of Allinson breadcrumbs, 3 eggs, 1-1/2 lbs. of apples, 2 lbs. of Spanish onions, 2 oz. of butter, 1/2 teaspoonful of spice, pepper and salt to taste, and a little hot milk; cut into slices the onions and apples, stew them gently (without adding-water) with 1 oz. of the butter, the spice and seasoning until quite tender. Mix the breadcrumbs with the eggs, well beaten, and enough hot milk to smooth the breadcrumbs; butter a pie-dish with 1/2 oz. of butter, place a layer of breadcrumbs in your dish, a layer of apple and onion, repeat this until your dish is full, finishing with breadcrumbs. Place the rest of the butter on the top in little bits, and bake the pie for 1 hour. Serve with brown gravy.

QUEEN'S ONION PIE.

3 lbs of Spanish onions, 3 breakfastcupfuls of Allinson breadcrumbs, 3 eggs, 3 oz. of butter, 1 teaspoonful of mixed herbs, 1 tablespoonful of finely chopped parsley, pepper and salt to taste, and a little hot milk. Stew the onions in 2 oz. of butter, adding the herbs and seasoning. Prepare the breadcrumbs in the same way as for "Queen's Onion and Apple Pie," place the onions and breadcrumbs in layers as in the previous recipe, and bake 1 hour.

QUEEN'S TOMATO PIE.

8 breakfastcupfuls of Allinson breadcrumbs, 3 eggs, 2 lbs. of tomatoes, 2 finely chopped onions, 1/2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste, a little boiling milk; 1 dessertspoonful of finely chopped parsley. Cut the tomatoes into slices, and stew them gently with 1 oz. of the butter, the onions and seasoning for 10 minutes, then add the parsley. Soak the breadcrumbs with enough hot milk to just moisten them through, add the eggs beaten up. Grease a pie-dish, place in it first a layer of breadcrumbs, then one of tomatoes and so on until full, finishing with breadcrumbs. Put the rest of the butter in little bits on the top of the pie, and bake it until lightly brown.

SAVOURY CUSTARD.

1 quart of milk; 6 eggs, 6 oz. of grated cheese, Parmesan is the best, but any kind of cooking cheese can be used; 1/2 a saltspoonful of nutmeg, pepper and salt to taste. Heat the milk; meanwhile whip the eggs well, and mix the cheese and seasoning with them. Mix well with the hot milk, pour the mixture into a buttered pie-dish, and bake in a moderately hot oven until set. Serve with green vegetables and potatoes.

SAVOURY CUSTARD (Another way).

1 quart of milk, 6 eggs, pepper and salt to taste, 1 tablespoonful each of finely chopped parsley and spring onion. Proceed as above; mix the herbs and onion with the custard, and bake until set.

SAVOURY FRITTERS (1).

1 teacupful of mashed potatoes, 1/2 lb. of breadcrumbs, 1 large English onion, 2 eggs, 1 oz. of butter, 1 teaspoonful of powdered sage, 1/2 saltspoonful of nutmeg, pepper and salt to taste. Chop the onion up fine and fry it brown in the butter. Whip up the eggs and mix both ingredients with the breadcrumbs; add the mashed potatoes, herbs, and seasoning, and mix all well together. Form into fritters, dredge with flour, and fry them a nice brown. Serve with vegetables, potatoes, and sauce.

SAVOURY FRITTERS (2).

12 oz. of onions, 6 oz. of breadcrumbs, 1 teaspoonful of dried sage, 2 eggs, 1-1/2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Chop the onions up small and fry them in the butter, or oil a nice brown, then add the sage to them. Mix a third of the onions with the breadcrumbs, add the eggs well beaten, pepper and salt; mix all well, form into fritters, and fry in butter or oil. The remainder of the onions place round the fritters on the dish. Serve with apple sauce.

SAVOURY PICKLED WALNUT.

1/2 lb. of Allinson bread, 1 pint of milk, 3 eggs, 4 pickled walnuts and the vinegar to taste, 1 tablespoonful of finely chopped parsley, 1 teaspoonful of powdered mixed herbs, 1 grated English onion, 2 oz. of butter, pepper and salt to taste. Soak the bread in the milk, add the parsley, herbs, onion, eggs and seasoning. Mash up the pickled walnuts, dissolve part of the butter on the stove and add both to the other ingredients; mix all well. Butter a pie-dish with the rest of the butter, pour in the mixture, and bake.

SAVOURY PIE.

6 oz. of haricot beans, 1/2 lb. of onions, 1 lb. of tomatoes, 1/2 lb. of parboiled potatoes, 2 hard-boiled eggs, 1 teaspoonful of herbs, 4 oz. of butter, 1/2 lb. of fine wheatmeal, pepper and salt to taste. Have the beans boiled the previous day, place them in a pie-dish, chop up the onions and boil them in a little water until soft, cut the potatoes in small dice, slice the tomatoes, cut up the eggs, and mix all the ingredients thoroughly in the pie dish, adding the herbs, 1 oz. of butter, and seasoning. Pour over the mixture 1 pint of water, and let it cook for 1 hour in the oven. Make a paste of the wheatmeal, the rest of the butter and a little cold water, cover the vegetables with it, and bake the pie 1 hour in a moderate oven.

SAVOURY TARTLETS.

4 eggs, 4 oz. grated cheese, 1 oz. of butter, 1 teaspoonful of mustard, 1 gill of cream, pepper and salt to taste. For the crust 6 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, and 2 oz. of butter. Whip up the eggs and add to each egg 1 dessertspoonful of water. Dissolve the mustard in a little water; mix this, the cheese and seasoning with the eggs. Heat the butter in a frying-pan, and when boiling stir in the eggs and cheese mixture, stirring it with a knife over the fire until set. Turn the mixture into a bowl to cool. Meanwhile have ready the paste for the pastry. Rub the butter into the flour, add enough water to make it hold together, mixing the paste with a knife. Roll it out thin, line small patty pans, fill with the egg and cheese mixture. Moisten the edges of the paste in the patty pans, cover with paste, and press the edges together. Bake the little tartlets in a moderately hot oven until done; they will take from 15 to 20 minutes.

SPAGHETTI AUX TOMATOES.

1 lb. of spaghetti, the strained juice of one tin of tomatoes, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt. Mix the tomato juice with 1 pint of water and let the liquid come to the boil, throw in the spaghetti, taking care to keep the contents of the saucepan boiling fast; add the butter and seasoning, and cook until tender; time from 15 to 20 minutes. Serve very hot with grated cheese.

SPANISH ONIONS (Stewed).

Cut up lengthways as many onions as may be required, according to number in family. Set them over a fire in a saucepan with a piece of butter the size of a walnut, and 1 teacupful of water; let them stew gently for 1-1/2 hours, when there will be a lot of juice boiled out of the onions. Chop fine a handful of parsley, thicken the liquid on the onions with some Allinson fine wheatmeal, add pepper and salt; let the onions simmer a few minutes longer, then mix the parsley with them, and serve at once with squares of toast. This is a very nice dish for the evening meal.

SPANISH ONIONS AND CHEESE.

This is a very savoury dish and suitable for an evening meal. 1 lb. of Spanish onions, 4 oz. of cheese, a few breadcrumbs, pepper and salt to taste, and 1 oz. of butter. Peel and slice the onions thinly and grate the cheese. Arrange the onions in a pie-dish in layers, sprinkling cheese and a little pepper and salt between each layer. Finish with the cheese, scatter breadcrumbs on the top, cut up the butter into bits and scatter it over the breadcrumbs. Pour a small teacupful of water into the pie-dish, and bake about 2 hours. This is nice eaten cold as well as hot.

SPANISH ONIONS AND WHITE SAUCE.

Choose as many onions of equal size as are required and boil them whole in plenty of water until tender; the time necessary being about 2 to 2-1/2 hours. Then drain them, keeping the water they were boiled in as stock for soup or stew. Make the sauce as follows: 1/2 pint of milk, 1 oz. of butter, 1 heaped teaspoonful of cornflour, pepper and salt to taste. Boil the milk with the butter and seasoning, and thicken it with the cornflour. Boil the sauce up again and pour it over the onions, which should be ready on a hot dish on slices of toast.

SPANISH STEW.

2 lbs. of potatoes, 1 lb. of Spanish onions, 1 lb. of tomatoes, 2 oz. of vermicelli, 1/2 pint of milk, 1 oz. of butter, pepper and salt. Cut up into dice the potatoes and onions, and stew them with the butter and very little water; when they are tender, add the tomatoes cut in slices, and cook the vegetables 10 minutes longer. Add seasoning, the milk and vermicelli, and a little more water if necessary; let the whole simmer for another 10 minutes, and serve.

SPINACH DUMPLINGS.

2 lbs. of spinach, 3 eggs, 1 oz. of butter, 2 finely chopped onions, juice of 1/2 a lemon, pepper and salt, and some Allinson fine wheatmeal. Pick and wash the spinach, boil it with the onions without water until quite tender; drain it dry, chop the spinach fine, and mix it with the eggs well beaten, the lemon juice, butter, and seasoning. Add as much of the meal as necessary to make the mixture into a soft paste. Form into balls, flour them, drop them into boiling water, and boil them 5 to 10 minutes; serve with potatoes and gravy.

STEWED MUSHROOMS.

1 lb. of mushrooms, 1 small English onion, 1 oz. of butter, 1 dessertspoonful of Allinson cornflour, 1/2 pint of milk, 1/2 pint of water, pepper and salt to taste. Peel, wash, and dry the mushrooms—if big, quarter them—chop fine the onion, and fry both in the butter for 10 minutes. Add the water, milk, and seasoning, and let it all simmer for 20 minutes; thicken with the cornflour, boil up and serve with curried or plain boiled rice.

STUFFED SPANISH ONIONS WITH BROWN SAUCE.

4 good-sized Spanish onions, 1 breakfastcupful of Allinson breadcrumbs, an egg, 1 teaspoonful of powdered dry sage, or a dessertspoonful of minced fresh sage, pepper and salt to taste, and 2 oz. of butter. Boil the onions for 20 minutes and drain them. Cut a piece off the top of each onion and scoop out enough inside to leave at least 1 inch thick of the outer part. Chop up finely the part removed, mix it with the breadcrumbs, the sage, pepper, and salt. Beat up the egg, melt 1 oz. of the butter, and mix with the breadcrumbs, and stuff the onions with the mixture. Replace the slices cut off the tops of the onions, and tie them on with white cotton. Place the onions in a pie-dish or deep tin, put the rest of the butter on the top of the onions, cover them up, and bake them until quite tender. Have ready the brown sauce, remove the threads of cotton, and pour the sauce over the cooked onions.

SWEET CORN FRITTERS.

1/2 tin of sweet corn, 2 eggs, 1/2 pint of milk, 1/2 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, pepper, and salt, 1/2 saltspoonful of nutmeg, and some oil or butter. Make a batter of the meal, milk, and the eggs well beaten, adding the seasoning and the sweet corn. Have some oil (vege-butter) boiling in the frying-pan, drop spoonfuls of the batter into the boiling fat, and fry the fritters a golden brown. Serve with slices of lemon or tomato sauce.

TOMATO PIE.

1-1/2 lbs. of tomatoes, 1/2 lb. of onions, 1 oz. of butter, 2 oz. of vermicelli, 2 hard-boiled eggs. For the crust, 8 oz. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 3 oz. of butter. Cut up the potatoes and onions into dice, and parboil them in 1 pint of water, adding the butter and seasoning. Turn them into a pie-dish, add the tomatoes and eggs cut in slices, mix all the ingredients, and add the vermicelli broken up small. Make a paste with the meal, butter, and a little cold water, cover the pie with the crust, and bake for 1 hour.

TOMATO TORTILLA.

1 lb. of tomatoes, 1 oz. of butter, 4 eggs, pepper and salt to taste. Scald, skin, and slice the tomatoes. Melt the butter in a frying-pan. Add it to the tomatoes with seasoning, and stew in the butter until quite tender and until a good deal of the liquid has steamed away. Whip the eggs and stir them into the cooked tomatoes; keep stirring until the mixture has thickened. Serve on hot buttered toast. This mixture can also be used cold for sandwiches.

TOMATOES A LA PARMESAN.

4 large tomatoes, 1 oz. of butter, 3 oz. of Parmesan cheese, 3/4 pint of milk, 1 dessertspoonful of Allinson fine wheatmeal, pepper and salt to taste. Bake the tomatoes in a tin with the butter and a dredging of pepper and salt. Make a sauce with the milk, meal, and cheese, seasoning it with a little cayenne pepper if handy. When the tomatoes are baked, place them on hot buttered toast, pour the sauce over, and serve hot.

TOMATOES AND ONION PIE.

Cut tomatoes and Spanish onions in slices, put into a pie-dish in alternate layers, add a little soaked tapioca, pepper and salt, and a little butter to taste. Put in sufficient water to make gravy, cover with wholemeal crust, bake 1-1/2 hours; eat with baked potatoes and bread.

TOMATOES AU GRATIN.

8 medium-sized tomatoes, 1 breakfastcupful of breadcrumbs, 1 teaspoonful each of finely chopped parsley, mint, and eschalot, 1 egg, pepper and salt, 1 oz. of butter. Make a stuffing of the breadcrumbs, parsley, mint, and eschalots, adding the egg well beaten, and seasoning. Make a small opening in the tomato and take out the seeds with a teaspoon; fill the tomatoes with the stuffing, put them into a tin, place a bit of butter on each, pour 1/2 a teacupful of water in the tin, and bake the tomatoes 15 minutes.

VEGETABLE BALLS.

These are an excellent addition to stews. Boil till soft, and mash up together equal quantities of potatoes, turnips, carrots, lentils, vegetable marrow, and haricot beans, and season nicely with pepper, salt, nutmeg, and mixed herbs. Bind with beaten eggs, dip in frying batter, and fry the balls in vege-butter or oil till golden brown.

VEGETABLE MOULD.

2 breakfastcupfuls of mashed potatoes, 2 ditto of parboiled finely cut turnips, carrots, celery, onion, and green peas all mixed, 2 eggs, 1 teaspoonful of mixed herbs, pepper and salt to taste. Beat the eggs up and mix all the ingredients well together; butter a mould. Fill in the mixture, cover with the lid or tie a cloth over it, and steam for 2 hours. Turn out, and serve with brown sauce.

VEGETABLE PIE (1).

1/2 lb. each of tomatoes, turnips, carrots, potatoes, 1 tablespoonful of sago, 1 teaspoonful of mixed herbs, 3 hard-boiled eggs, 2 oz. of butter, and pepper and salt to taste. Prepare the vegetables, scald and skin the tomatoes, cut them in pieces not bigger than a walnut, stew them in the butter and 1 pint of water until nearly tender, add the pepper and salt and the mixed herbs. When cooked, pour the vegetables into a pie-dish, sprinkle in the sago, add water to make gravy if necessary. Cut the hard-boiled eggs in quarters and place them on the top of the vegetables, cover with a crust, and bake until it is brown.

VEGETABLE PIE (2).

1/2 lb. each of carrots, turnips, onions, potatoes, 1 small cauliflower, 2 good sized tomatoes or a cupful of tinned ones, 2 hard-boiled eggs, 1 teaspoonful of mixed herbs, 1 oz. of butter, 1 dessertspoonful of sago, pepper and salt to taste. Wash and prepare the vegetables, cut them into pieces the size of nuts; if fresh tomatoes are used, scald and skin them. Let all the vegetables stew gently with the butter and 1 pint of water until they are nearly tender; add the herbs, and seasoning; pour the whole into a pie-dish, sprinkling the sago between the vegetables; add water if more is required for the pie to have sufficient gravy; cut up the eggs in quarters, place the pieces on the top of the vegetables, and cover all with a crust. These vegetable pies can be varied according to the vegetables in season; cooked haricot or kidney beans, lentils, green peas, French beans may be used, and vermicelli or tapioca substituted for the sago.

VEGETABLE STEW.

Fry 2 Spanish onions in 2 oz. of butter, then add 3 turnips, 2 carrots, a little white celery, and 1 pint of water. Allow all to stew for 2 hours, then mix a tablespoonful of Allinson fine wheatmeal with 1/2 pint of milk. Add to the stew, and serve.

YORKSHIRE PUDDING.

4 eggs, 1/2 lb. of Allinson fine wheatmeal, 1 pint of milk, pepper and salt to taste, 1 oz. of butter. Thoroughly beat the eggs, make a batter of them with the flour and milk, and season it. Well butter a shallow tin, pour in the batter, and cut the rest of the butter in bits. Scatter them over the batter, and bake it 3/4 hour. Serve with vegetables, potatoes, and sauce. To use half each of Allinson breakfast oats and wheatmeal will be found very tasty.

NUTROAST.

1 lb. breadcrumbs, 6 oz. ground cob nuts, 2 oz. butter (oiled), 4 eggs; 1 small onion chopped very fine, 1 good pinch of mixed herbs, pepper and salt to taste, and enough milk just to smoothly moisten the mixture. Mix all the ingredients thoroughly, turn into a buttered bread tin and steam 2-1/2-3 hours; turn out and serve with brown sauce.



MACARONI

Macaroni is one of the most nutritious farinaceous foods. It is made from Italian wheat, which contains more flesh-forming matter than butcher's meat. In the manufacture of macaroni some of the bran is removed from the flour, but the meal left is still very rich in flesh-forming matter. As the coarser particles of the bran have been taken away, macaroni is slightly constipating, and must therefore always be eaten with green vegetables, onions, or fruit. Macaroni should always be boiled before being made into various dishes. It may be cooked in plain water, or in milk and water; a little salt may be added by those who use it, and care should be taken to use just enough water to cook it in, so that when the macaroni is done, little or no fluid may be left, but if any does remain it should be saved for sauce, stock for soup, &c., as it contains valuable nutritive material. Macaroni takes from 20 minutes to 1 hour to cook, according to the kind used. That which is slightly yellow is to be preferred to the white, as the latter is usually poorer than the former in mineral salts and flesh-forming substances. From 2 to 4 oz. may be regarded as the amount to be allowed at a meal for grown-up persons.

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