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The American Missionary — Volume 39, No. 08, August, 1885
Author: Various
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CONTENTS

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PAGE.

EDITORIAL.

THE FIGURES—FINANCIAL 213 FAREWELL AND GREETING 215 HIGHER EDUCATION OF THE NEGRO 217 OPINIONS 219 PARAGRAPHS 221

THE SOUTH.

BEREA COLLEGE, KY. 221 ANNIVERSARY AT TALLADEGA 222 TOUGALOO COMMENCEMENT 223 TILLOTSON INSTITUTE 224 AVERY INSTITUTE—BREWER NORMAL SCHOOL 226 STUDENT'S LETTER 227

THE INDIANS.

THE APACHE RAID 229 INDIAN SUMMER TENT (cut) 230

THE CHINESE.

TOUR AMONG THE MISSIONS 231

BUREAU OF WOMAN'S WORK.

RESOLUTIONS AT SARATOGA 233 PAPER MISSION—INDUSTRIAL LETTER FROM LE MOYNE 234

CHILDREN'S PAGE.

PLAYING 'POSSUM 234

RECEIPTS 235

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NEW YORK:

PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.

Rooms, 56 Reade Street.

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Price 50 Cents a Year, in Advance.

Entered at the Post-Office at New York, N. Y., as second-class matter.

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AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.

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PRESIDENT, Hon. WM. B. WASHBURN, LL. D., Mass.

Vice-Presidents.

Rev. C. L. GOODELL, D. D., Mo. Rev. A. J. F. BEHRENDS, D. D., N. Y. Rev. D. O. MEARS, D. D., Mass. Rev. F. A. NOBLE, D. D., Ill. Rev. ALEX. McKENZIE, D. D., Mass.

Corresponding Secretary.

Rev. M. E. STRIEBY, D. D., 56 Reade Street, N. Y.

Assistant Corresponding Secretary.

Rev. JAMES POWELL, D. D., 56 Reade Street, N. Y.

Treasurer.

H. W. HUBBARD, Esq., 56 Reade Street, N. Y.

Auditors.

W. H. ROGERS, PETER McCARTEE.

Executive Committee.

JOHN H. WASHBURN, Chairman. A. P. FOSTER, Secretary.

For Three Years.

LYMAN ABBOTT. A. S. BARNES. J. R. DANFORTH. CLINTON B. FISK. A. P. FOSTER.

For Two Years.

S. B. HALLIDAY. SAMUEL HOLMES. SAMUEL S. MARPLES. CHARLES L. MEAD. ELBERT B. MONROE.

For One Year.

J. E. RANKIN. WM. H. WARD. J. L. WITHROW. JOHN H. WASHBURN. EDMUND L. CHAMPLIN.

District Secretaries.

Rev. C. L. WOODWORTH, D. D., 21 Cong'l House, Boston. Rev. J. E. ROY, D. D., 112 West Washington Street, Chicago.

Rev. CHARLES W. SHELTON, Financial Secretary for Indian Missions.

Field Officer. ——

Bureau of Woman's Work.

Secretary, Miss D. E. EMERSON, 56 Reade Street, N. Y.

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COMMUNICATIONS

Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the Corresponding Secretary; those relating to the collecting fields, to Rev. James Powell, D. D., or to the District Secretaries; letters for the "American Missionary," to the Editor, at the New York Office.

DONATIONS AND SUBSCRIPTIONS

May be sent to H. W. Hubbard, Treasurer, 56 Reade Street, New York, or, when more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21 Congregational House, Boston, Mass., or 112 West Washington Street, Chicago, Ill. A payment of thirty dollars at one time constitutes a Life Member.

FORM OF A BEQUEST.

"I BEQUEATH to my executor (or executors) the sum of —— dollars, in trust, to pay the same in —— days after my decease to the person who, when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurer of the 'American Missionary Association,' of New York City, to be applied, under the direction of the Executive Committee of the Association, to its charitable uses and purposes." The Will should be attested by three witnesses.

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THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY

VOL. XXXIX. AUGUST, 1885. No. 8.

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American Missionary Association.

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$365,000

NEEDED FOR THE CURRENT YEAR.

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Your Committee are convinced that not less than a THOUSAND DOLLARS a day are imperatively demanded to perfect the admirably organized plans of the Association, even for the present, to say nothing of the pressing needs of the early future.—

[FINANCE COMMITTEE'S REPORT ADOPTED BY ANNUAL MEETING AT SALEM.]

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THE FIGURES.

Donations. Legacies. Total.

Oct. 1, 1884, to June 30, 1885 - $153,072.30 $23,884.35 $176,956.65 Oct. 1, 1883, to June 30, 1884 - 145,821.49 31,169.90 176,991.39 —————- ————— —————- Inc. $7,250.81 Dec. $7,285.55 Dec. $34.74

These figures on their face are encouraging rather than discouraging. They show that our receipts from living donors are better by a few thousand dollars than last year, an evidence of the hold that we still have upon the churches, made all the more conspicuous in these hard times. But these figures do not tell the whole story. The $40,000 debt to which we have made frequent reference hitherto is still pending. To this must be added the $13,000 debt that came over from last year.

Only two working months are left. Our fiscal year ends with September. From month to month we have published the figures. Our friends have been able to trace for themselves just how the financial struggle has been maintained. Donations from churches and individuals have been kept distinct from legacies, and comparison made with receipts of the corresponding months in the preceding year. A varying story the figures have had to tell.

There is a slave hymn:

"I'm sometimes up and I'm sometimes down, But still my soul is heavenly bound."

That has been the case with our feelings as we have followed the rise and fall in the comparisons. But amid all the fluctuations we have had an abiding confidence that before the year ends there will be such a rally by our friends that we shall come out free of debt. Are we to be disappointed? We are approaching the time for decisive thought and action. We cannot delay much longer. The figures this month not only show that in the total we are a little behind, but they also indicate that our reliance for relief must be in the living and not in the dead. We have no large legacies that are available in sight, and we have no reserve fund on which to draw to avert disaster. Can the threatening deficit be averted? Can our friends meet the demand? Yes, and much more. All that is needed is the will to do; the ability exists.

We appeal to the wealthy to take this matter upon their hearts and minds at once. We beg them to send on, as soon as possible, generous donations to our treasury. Their example at this time will be most inspiring.

We ask all our friends to do what they can. "The two mites" that in the Lord's mode of estimating count more than many of the larger gifts, we cannot possibly do without. The little rills and the small streams must make their contributions, or the broad and deep river on which we are to float and be saved will not form.

Especially do we plead that every Congregational church in the country, large and small, without exception, will see to it that before the end of next September it shall be on record as having taken a contribution within the year for the American Missionary Association. Pastors, deacons, church clerks and church treasurers, will you not, for the sake of this endangered cause, for the sake of the millions of Christ's poor for whom we labor, give us the help of your influence to secure this? We believe you will.

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The Thirty-ninth Annual Meeting of the American Missionary Association will be held in Madison, Wisconsin, October 27-29. The sermon will be preached by the Rev. Reuen Thomas, D. D., Brookline, Mass. We hope to see the East well represented at this meeting, and trust that as many of our friends as possible will make their plans to be there. The brethren in the West will be glad to welcome them. Additional notices will appear hereafter.

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FAREWELL AND GREETING.

We regret to announce that Professor Salisbury, who for the past three years has been Superintendent of our school work, this month severs his connection officially with the A. M. A. He goes to take charge of the State Normal School at Whitewater, Wis. This is the school in which we found him as a professor, when we called him to our ranks, and now we are called to give him up that he may go back to stand at its head. We can ill afford to spare him. He is not only a master in his knowledge of everything connected with schools, in respect to organization, discipline and best methods of teaching, but he is also a man of remarkable executive ability.

When he entered our work he certainly came into the kingdom for a day that had been providentially prepared. The work had taken on massive proportions. All over the South our schools had been planted. These schools were branches of the same tree; they had a common trunk and drew their life and spirit from the same soil. But, separated so far from one another, as many of them were, there came to be a felt necessity that some one competent to care for their common interests, while recognizing at the same time their separate prerogatives and rights, must be found. Multiplied variety necessarily had characterized their development, and as a consequence, the unity of their origin and aim had been endangered. That is a law of nature. We had been brought to see and feel this. We looked around to find the man equal to the task involved. It was not easy to find him. We realized the difficulty. Our workers realized it. It would not have been strange if we had made a mistake. A rare combination of qualifications was demanded. We believed that Professor Salisbury possessed these qualifications. We invited him to take up the work. He accepted. He entered, and continued in it down to the last moment he held the office, with all his heart and soul, and now that he has felt constrained to leave us we are glad, not only on his account, but also on our own, unreservedly to bear testimony that, we believe, no mistake was made when he was appointed.

He has rendered the American Missionary Association signal service, and when we remember how intimately the work of this Association is connected with the welfare of the nation, it is not too much to say that he has in these three years of hard and faithful work rendered signal service to the whole land. Our school work has steadily grown in efficiency and power ever since he took it up, and the general cause of education all over the South has been benefited by the impulse his teaching, character and devotion have inspired. Not alone the colored schools, but the white schools as well, have been the gainers. By his lectures and instruction given in Normal Institutes, and by his personal contact with the leading educators of the South, he has brought in no small degree a knowledge of the most approved methods of teaching to the attention of Southern educators, and has done much to develop a sentiment in favor of popular education among the people.

It is a high compliment to his ability the State of Wisconsin pays in calling him back and investing him with the principalship of the same school from which we took him; and, as we reluctantly return him, we can wish for him no greater blessing than that the same success may attend his labors in the field to which he goes that, with God's favor, has so abundantly crowned him in the one he leaves.

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"The king is dead; long live the king." We have just been speeding the parting guest. We now turn to welcome the coming. That we have done the "speeding" reluctantly does not abate the heartiness with which we now do the "welcoming." To such an extent had our church work been systematized under Superintendent Roy, and our school work under Superintendent Salisbury, that when we had to transfer the one to the Western District Secretaryship, and had to lose the other, we felt that the two positions might possibly be merged. The very success of these workers had made this practicable. Not that the work of the two could be done by any one man. They are not that kind of men, as our constituents well know. They are both of them drivers. It is almost enough to discourage any ordinary man to see either of them work. A hard position to fill surely. We are glad to say that after a good deal of searching we believe we have found the man.

We have appointed Rev. C. J. Ryder, of Medina, Ohio, as our Field Superintendent. He accepts the appointment and will take up the work the first of September. He will be located at Cincinnati, from which point, by reason of its central location and excellent railroad facilities, he will be able to reach out in all directions. A successful pastor—an able preacher, having had experience and success as a teacher, and in addition possessing already considerable knowledge of our work, he will enter the field with the opinions of all those who know him best united that he will make it a success. We welcome him to the ranks of our fellowship in the glorious cause of bringing the light of the gospel and Christian education to the poor; we welcome him to the rich joy the expressions of their heart-felt gratitude will cause him to experience. We welcome him to the love and confidence and co-operation of our missionaries whose hearts will be made glad by his visits and whose toil will be made lighter by his counsel; above all we welcome him to the rewards God bestows upon those who are ready, if need be, to surrender everything that they may follow Christ.

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HIGHER EDUCATION OF THE NEGRO.

REV. W. W. PATTON, D. D.

Many strangely adopt this wrong principle with regard to the negro race—that they are to be treated not simply as men, but as colored men, as members of a peculiar and inferior race, about whom one must not reason as he would about others, and especially about white men. One writer thinks that his eyes have just been opened to the truth, for he says: "Like most Northern men, I have made the mistake of judging the black by the standard of the white. A freer intercourse with him and a closer study of his characteristics have shown me that he is not to be so judged, and that the training adapted to the white man is not adapted to the black." In any reasonable sense of these words, we regard them as involving the same error which so long hindered emancipation—the idea that negroes could not be expected to act as would other men in the same circumstances. It used to be argued that freed negroes would refuse to labor, and would simply plunder and massacre. The history of the last twenty years, and the enormous crops raised at the South since the war, have disproved this absurdity, although the writer quoted still has his doubts, for he says of the negro: "We must take him as he is; and because we have not done this, his freedom, which has been of inestimable value to the Southern white man, has until now been a most questionable blessing to the negro!" One who can utter that doubt has some defect of vision, which disqualifies him from reaching safe conclusions respecting the colored race. Now, every race has certain peculiarities, and so has every nation, and to these we have a degree of regard in our intercourse with them. In minor matters, we remember, in our dealings, that this man is a Scotchman, and that man a Welshman, and that a Frenchman, and that a German. But in great questions of principle and method touching humanity, such as education and religion, we drop race and nation, and act upon simple manhood. If we do not, we are sure to err. The true idea in the case before us is, not to think perpetually of the black skin and the African blood, but of the man, and to use with the negro precisely the measures which should be used with white men in the same circumstances of ignorance and poverty, and with the same responsibilities as citizens. And it is singular that objectors to our work do not seem to be aware that the precise difficulty which they emphasize respecting the black masses at the South has been equally emphasized by others respecting the white masses at the North. The complaint everywhere heard in the Northern States is, that the common people are being so highly educated as to become dissatisfied with labor. The young men and young women refuse to work at manual industries, and take to trade and the professions, or else become dissipated idlers. Hence attempts are making to attach industrial education to our common schools. Why, then, talk of the peculiarities of the negro in this matter? There are none. He simply shares in the temptations which beset all races, and we must reason accordingly, and plan alike for the masses of the people, black and white.

One should avoid extreme and disproportionate statements and implications. The same writer runs a tilt against all education for the negro above the most rudimental, and says: "I have failed to see one who has been made a better man or a better citizen by this higher education; on the contrary, I know of very many who have been morally and socially ruined by it." We are sorry that his acquaintance has been so unfortunate with this class. Others have had the happiness to know scores and hundreds of well-educated colored people who are doing great credit to their race as ministers, physicians, editors, lawyers, teachers and authors. To one of these, a graduate of a theological institution, aided by this Association, the District Attorney in the part of Virginia where he now lives, recently addressed a letter of thanks for his having wrought a moral revolution in that county, saying: "Your boldness in condemning the wrong and asserting and approving the right has not only impressed the colored, and influenced their conduct in the right direction, but it has at the same time won for you the confidence and esteem of all the thinking portion of the white race, who are interested in good government and a well-ordered and law-abiding community ... for which this community ought to be profoundly grateful." And this man is also "ebon black." And here we would correct the impression that a large disproportion of the negroes are receiving "a higher education." The idea is given out that a great mistake has been made by the societies and philanthropists that are seeking the elevation of the freedmen. It would relieve the quite unnecessary alarm of objectors if they would consult the United States census for the statistics of the negro population, and then compare with its six millions of colored people the few thousands of them found in the colleges, academies, high schools, theological seminaries, medical and law schools of the land. Probably not more than one negro in a thousand is receiving anything beyond the very simplest instruction. Surely, then, no great harm can yet have been done, or is likely to be done, for many years to come. And yet, long before the objectors had spoken, these same educators had begun to add industrial training to book learning, and they are now pushing this branch as fast as the pecuniary means are furnished.

Nor should we overlook the vast and pressing necessities to which the higher education stands related. There is a loud and general call for competent colored teachers, instead of there being such a surplus as the aforementioned writer found when he says, "There was only one vacancy where there were fifty teachers." A remarkably favored locality! The superintendents of Southern schools tell a very different story. Not long since, the Rev. Dr. Haygood, of Georgia, in an article in the Independent, called for fifty thousand colored physicians, to be furnished as speedily as possible. And who can exaggerate the need of educated colored ministers to take the place of the old ignorant preachers? And how is any race to rise without intelligent leaders of their own in every locality? These will naturally be found in their men of education and property, in their ministers, physicians, lawyers, editors, teachers and political representatives. It is idle and wrong to repress or ignore the ambition of negroes of talent to be something more than laborers and servants, bootblacks and whitewashers. They must have the chance that others have, in proportion to their numbers; no more, no less. And all these rising colored men must have correspondingly intelligent wives, for their comfort and improvement and for the training of their children. To meet such wants the existing schools of high grade will all be needed and should all be liberally endowed.

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OPINIONS.

The American Missionary Association and those allied to it have been the chief agency at the South, so far as benevolent effort is concerned, in diffusing right notions of religion, and in carrying education to the darkened mind of the negro.—Hon. J. L. M. Curry.

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Of all the questions which disturb the mental equanimity of the patriotic and thinking citizen of our Republic, none is looming in his horizon with a more lurid and portentous aspect than the black cloud of illiteracy which is rapidly spreading over the country, and especially resting upon the Southern States of the Union. Compared with it as an element of vital danger to the Republic, Mormonism, Communism and Socialism sink into obscurity. The only way out of the unfortunate dilemma or of ameliorating the condition in which the country is placed by the thrusting upon it of this mass of ignorance, is by education—an education both mental and moral.—George R. Stetson.

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The real tests of Northern zeal and liberality, of Northern faith and patience in the work of educating the negro, are yet to come. At the first, Christian zeal was mightily stimulated by the patriotic fervors of a great war for the preservation of the Union. In most minds the course of events identified the preservation of the Union and the abolition of slavery. The tremendous moral and political forces that were at work during the war, and for many years after its close, all conspired to make such an appeal to the thought, sentiment and conscience of the church in the North as was perhaps never before made for any form of Christian philanthropy. Christian men and women were filled with pity for the poor negroes, and there was a movement of "men and money" for their education that was never before seen in this, or perhaps any other, country. The effort was stupendous, and the results are amazing.

But the conditions that obtained from 1865 to 1875 will obtain no more. The enthusiasms peculiar to that period pass away with the coming of a new generation. The work must go on now as the foreign missionary movement of Christendom goes on—by the force that is born of a fixed conviction and an unquestioning faith in God's purpose to save the world and in His plan of saving it.

It is saddening, it is not surprising, to know that some noble men and women teaching in negro schools in the South are discouraged. This is natural, but nevertheless perilous, as well as distressing. One teacher, long in the service, speaks thus: "Some are much discouraged; we have expected by this time to see results more permanent in the negro character; we thought it would be somewhat as we have seen it in our Western colleges after a few years."

Such a basis of comparison is very unjust to the negro and very hurtful to his teacher. We must not forget heredity; we must compare the negro as to education in schools in 1884 with 1864. The white man has behind him a thousand years of the influences that enter into our best education. Yet how much he has to learn! How much easier for white pupils to learn books than virtue—how much easier to acquire knowledge than wisdom! Let us have patience with each other. Let us also settle down to steady work, steady giving and constant praying. This is a work for the next hundred years—and more.—The Advance.

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The feeling is too prevalent, even among Christians, that "the only good Indian is a dead Indian." If parents would put into the hands of their children reports of our missionaries, so they could see what is being done for the Indians, instead of letting them get their opinions of the Indian race from newspaper articles and from books of Indian wars, in which the rifle and scalping knife were the only arguments used, much prejudice would be removed and the missions among Indians would be better sustained. Further, if parents themselves would take the above advice, it would be time and money well spent, as some grown-up children might learn as well.—Correspondent in St. Louis Evangelist.

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Bishop H. M. Turner, of the M. E. Church South, is said to be the first colored man who has ever received the degrees of D. D. and LL. D. He educated himself at night among the cotton fields of South Carolina, and was the first colored chaplain in the United States Army.

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It is said by the Journal of Education that the colored people of the country now edit over 100 newspapers, teach 18,000 public schools with 900,000 pupils, raise annually 150,000,000 bushels of cereals and 2,700,000,000 pounds of cotton.

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THE CONGREGATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CHRISTIAN CHINESE.

Out of our missions in California has sprung the Congregational Association of Christian Chinese. What is its object? "Mutual watch and care; arrangement for special seasons of worship in connection with the missions, the appointment of brethren to preach at stated times and places, and a certain measure of mutual aid and relief." A grand object, surely. The Central Association, with three branches, is in San Francisco. In other parts of the State there are nine branches. The total membership is 378. Jee Gam, whom many of our readers will remember in connection with his visit East four years ago, is the Secretary.

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The new catalogue of Straight University, by an error of the printer, is made to say that the first building on Esplanade street was erected and destroyed in 1870. This strikes out seven of the most important years of the University's history. The date of destruction should have been 1877. As many of our friends in visiting the International Exposition at New Orleans took occasion to visit Straight University, and may have received catalogues of the same, we deem it proper to call attention to this mistake.

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THE SOUTH.

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BEREA COLLEGE, KY.

The Berea College Commencement was held June 17-24. There was present a number of distinguished men from abroad, among whom may be mentioned Roswell Smith, of the Century Magazine, New York; Geo. W. Cable, the well-known author; Rev. Washington Gladden, D. D., Rev. Robert West, of the Chicago Advance; Hon. Cassius M. Clay, and Judge Beckner, of Kentucky. Roswell Smith made a gift of $5,000 to the institution. We make the following extract from the baccalaureate sermon of Prof. Wright, in which he ably discusses the question of caste:

"However long this state of things may continue, do not despairingly conclude that it is never to be broken down. The stars in their courses fight against injustice and folly. The very stones of the field are in league with those who are on the side of equity and fairness. Any region, small or large, that persists in a separation of races in its hotels, railroads, schools and churches, dooms itself to an inferior rank in all the departments of its life—in its business as effectively as in its intelligence and its piety.

"It costs more to keep up two sets of hotels than one. It costs more to build railroad stations with separate waiting-rooms for two races than to build them with accommodations for ladies and gentlemen without regard to race. It costs more to run trains, if separate passenger cars must be provided for two races on every train. This cost will delay the building of railroads in the first place, and this can only be met by higher rates of fare, which will impede business progress.

"It costs more to maintain a double system of public schools than to provide for all the children under a single system. This increases taxes, while at the same time the schools cannot be as efficient, and this diminishes intelligence. For in scattered farming communities, the districts must be so large under the double system that many families are out of reach of the school. And the number of towns that can have graded schools is greatly reduced by the requirement that no school shall receive pupils of more than one race. Normal schools are also made more difficult to maintain, and teachers' institutes rendered less efficient. A lower average of intelligence is as inevitable under such adverse conditions in the educational machinery of a State, as slower speed in a racehorse is inevitable when he carries heavy weight.

"Similar things may be said of churches. Any community that insists on separate churches for different races dooms itself to a lower grade of spiritual experience and a lower degree of Christian activity. How must every good work be retarded if, in addition to the separation of Methodists, Baptists, Presbyterians, and others which we find nearly everywhere, there must also be a further separation of these by races; if in every neighborhood, however scattered the population, there must be a white Methodist church with its white Methodist preacher, and also a colored Methodist church with its colored Methodist preacher, a white Baptist church and preacher, and also a colored Baptist church and preacher, a white Presbyterian church and preacher, and so on through the list. In many cases such churches have service only once in a month, and the members attend no other in the meantime. It is plain that of two regions alike in other respects, the one that insists on race distinctions in the worship of the one God and Father of us all, and will not allow men of different races to stand side by side in doing Christian work, must maintain its religious institutions at greater cost and with less efficiency because of this race separation.

"The region that treats all men impartially in its churches will have the advantage in religion and morals. The region that knows no race distinctions in its schools will have the advantage in intelligence. The region that is color-blind on its public conveyances and in its places of business, will have the advantage in business, for it can equip and run steamboats and railroads more economically and conduct factories at lower cost, while its higher average intelligence will make it a producer of better goods. All these elements will conspire to give the impartial community precedence in wealth, in literature, in art, in social attractiveness, as well as in a high average intelligence; in orderly habits, and in both the power and the will to achieve noble things. Power is coming into the hands of those who choose righteousness. Let all the commonwealths in our broad land know that only by treating all men with impartiality can they put themselves in alliance with the silent but irresistible forces of social and political economy. There is no future for caste-practicing communities but decadence and increasing inferiority."

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ANNIVERSARY AT TALLADEGA.

Talladega College, chartered in 1869, had its fifteenth anniversary from June 14 to 18. The Cassedy school gave an exhibition full of interest, and indicative of the good work done there, on the preceding Friday evening. The college chapel was well filled at all these exercises, and sometimes was too strait for the audience. The attendance from town, especially of our white friends, was exceptionally large, and we have never heard so many and so appreciative words of commendation before. Rev. Dr. Worrell, principal of a boys' school in Talladega, who taught in our Swayne Hall before the War, when it was a Baptist College, was present, leading us in a prayer memorable for its sympathy and fervency. Certainly the work of Talladega College was never so strongly intrenched in the regard of the people of Alabama as now.

The full course of exercises for commencement was enacted in good order, including an able Baccalaureate by Dr. Strieby, Missionary sermon by Rev. J. W. Roberts, Dallas, Texas, one of our theological graduates, and an address by Dr. Roy, exercises of our two literary societies, prize speaking and essays, public examinations, orations and essays on Commencement Day, and ending with a reception at the President's house. Others can judge better of the worth of some of these parts than the writer and his associates, but to us they seemed good. We were greatly encouraged, and feel that our friends and patrons would have been pleased had they been present.

The Alumni Association, formed three years ago, was represented on Commencement Day by Mrs. L. L. Wilson, who read an essay on "Homes and How to Make Them," and by Rev. J. W. Roberts, whose theme was "Exceptional Greatness." That afternoon the Alumni held a meeting in the college chapel, when representatives from States as far away as Arkansas and Texas were present, and others were heard from by letter.

At the business meeting it was determined to begin an Alumni fund, in aid either of members of the Association or the College.

The Exhibition of Industrial Work, both of the boys and girls, attracted much attention and warm commendation. The Slater Shop, with its facilities for instruction in much wood, little iron and some paint, made its first annual display, and those who believe in little other education for the child of the late slave, and those who differ from them, all agreed in the great advantages of this industrial training. The work exhibited was good; some of it very choice.

We feel that the College never had a better anniversary; take it all in all, never as good; but with continued help such as we need, by the favor of God this may well be dwarfed by the greater result of the near future. We are looking for that help with increasing confidence.

H. S. DEFOREST.

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TOUGALOO COMMENCEMENT.

The unsurpassed wealth of our roses had just left their vanishing fragrance on the air, only the Cherokees being left in profusion to lend their peculiar charm to our closing exercises, but the grand old oaks standing like guardian sentinels around the grounds, in all the freshness of their early leafage and festooned with the Spanish moss, ever faithful to all seasons, gave to the place a patriarchal appearance, and an air of seclusion from temptation. The healthful cedar boughs and buds bestowed their fragrance like a closing benediction.

Sec. Powell came to us with his strong earnest words of cheer and a lecture on Slave Music, which our young people could illustrate and well appreciate. Gov. Lowry expressed a hearty commendation of the exhibition of work from the industrial department, as well as the orations, essays, dialogue, and declamation. The colloquy on our reading-room indicated that good use had been made of that room, even if the number of volunteers for furnishing news items after dinner had not always been as numerous as might be desired. Supt. Smith told us that many of the best teachers in the State come from this school. Dr. Galloway and the city fathers of Jackson showed their appreciation of the sentiments expressed by the young people, and we heartily wished that the dear, good, noble-hearted workers of the North could have been present, who have so generously opened their purses to educate and fit "our brother in black" for leading his race from a darkness more than "skin deep" to noble citizenship. We wish you could realize, as you only can by seeing it, what a stimulus every such work is to the white people of the South, for as Dr. Haygood stated in his closing address, "though Northern money generously erected these buildings and pays a large share of the salaries here, yet the State pays the young men and women who go out from this school to teach in the country schools."

Dear friends, your investments are bringing in grand returns, but the needs of this race are very great yet. It is sad to see the number who come to this institution with means to pay their expenses for only a part of the year, hoping to come back another year, and trusting that in some way they may be able to continue their studies.

A students' aid fund is much needed to assist worthy pupils. Aspirations are aroused that cannot be quenched. The daily lessons in keeping rooms tidy, in personal habits, in doing thoroughly whatever is undertaken, cannot be lost, even if pupils remain but a short time. The sentiment, that to work is an honor, to be idle a disgrace, is so infused into their daily life that we fully believe greater progress will be seen in the coming years than has been seen in the past. The spirit of those who have labored with these ardent aspirants for higher, better, nobler things has so entered into and permeated their very being, that it cannot lie dormant. Arouse and cultivate the best there is in this race, and you have something worth making a sacrifice for. God is showing us, by the way, that this is His own blessed work. We do not have to wait long years to reap; the sheaves are abundant every year. In one of our late prayer-meetings special causes for thanksgiving was the topic. There were many expressions of gratitude "for the Christian influence of our school." One young man said: "I am just as thankful for what I have learned in the workshop as in the school-room." After hearing of the 700,000 one-room log-cabins of the South, and the need there is of skilled workmen, we felt like singing an added song of praise as we looked through the work exhibited in wood, tin, iron, and cloth, and saw the promise of better things. Surely the young men who can exhibit such work will not allow their mothers, wives, and sisters to live in cabins through whose open roofs the stars are visible when they shine.

You would travel far to find a more temptingly spread table than the girls of Tougaloo are taught to prepare—all the eatables of their own make, even the delicious butter. Nowhere in New England need you look for a nicer-kept cabin and yard than some of those on the little homesteads lately purchased by President Pope, for one of his ideas of missionary work is to help the colored man get a home, having for corner-stones "Industry, Economy, Temperance, and Family Virtue."

* * * * *

TILLOTSON INSTITUTE, AUSTIN, TEXAS.

The third of June witnessed the close of another year of successful work at Tillotson Institute. Written examinations were held May 26-29. The results of this work, in a shape convenient for inspection, were placed in the reading room, and attracted no little attention. Oral public examinations were held June 1 and 2. These showed faithful work on the part of both teachers and pupils. The classes in United States history and geometry deserve special mention. The excitement of the occasion was a little too much for some of the young people, leading one to say that Riel was the Governor-General of Canada, while another remarked that Florida, being discovered on Easter Sunday, and being a land of flowers, was named the "Mayflower." These blunders, however, were speedily corrected by the pupils themselves.

The rhetorical exercises of Tuesday evening called out a very fine audience. The chapel was filled to overflowing. The exercises consisted of the usual programme of choruses, quartets, recitations, declamations, essays, etc. Mr. Edward Wilson's rendering of his translation of Cicero's First Oration against Catiline is deserving of special notice, though all the parts were given without a single break or failure of memory. We observe our students have great capacity for "rising to occasions."

In the midst of the programme we were most agreeably surprised by the appearance of Secretary Powell, who happily closed the entertainment by a brief but stirring address.

The anniversary exercises of Wednesday morning made a fitting climax for the series of meetings. Though not a "commencement" occasion, yet it was distinguished from other days of the closing week, and from previous anniversaries, by the presentation of "certificates" to two young men who have completed the "Elementary Normal Course." These young men remain with us to pursue a further course of study. The address of one of them, Mr. A. S. Terrell, on the subject "Our Duty," is especially worthy of notice. The subject was considered from the stand-point of the advantages afforded colored people. "It is true," he said, "we must bear many hard things, but let us look on the bright side. Let us consider and improve our opportunities. Let us accept the good, from whatever source it comes. To join with Communists, labor-unions, and other discontented classes, in a chorus of fault-finding and censure, because we cannot have everything we want, is to take the sure road to the defeat of our most cherished objects." These are timely words, and they reveal a state of feeling among colored people which finds all too fertile a soil in the tendency to ignore, or discriminate, or, at best, grant but a supercilious recognition, which still in great measure controls Southern sentiment. The colored people are naturally loyal and conservative. It is possible, now, so to develop these qualities, that they shall be national bulwarks. Some time it may be too late, and if reaction comes it will be terrible.

The attitude of many representative men of the South, however, is most encouraging. Our anniversary exercises were honored by the presence of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and the County Superintendent of Travis Co., Hon. B. M. Baker and Judge Fullmore. In their addresses at the conclusion of our programme, both gentlemen spoke with enthusiasm of the great progress in educational matters that has been made in Texas during the past five years, among both white and colored. The magnificent school fund of Texas, as rapidly as it becomes available, is devoted to the interests of both races without discrimination. Mr. Baker emphasized the fact that notwithstanding the liberal provision for a State system of schools, it would be many years before they could dispense with the schools maintained by benevolent societies. The latter must be the main agency for the training of teachers. For the present, the State must devote her energies to the building of school-houses, and the establishment and maintenance of common schools, without attempting very much in the line of higher education.

Both gentlemen spoke in high praise of Tillotson, and of the ability and trustworthy character of the teachers she has sent out.

Secretary Powell made the concluding address, and brought the meeting to its highest point of enthusiasm. The presence of these men representing educational interests, which not long ago seemed to have nothing whatever in common, their interchange of courtesies, and their expression of mutual dependence each upon the other, made the occasion both memorable and very full of suggestion.

J. H. PARR.

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ANNIVERSARY WEEK AT AVERY INSTITUTE.

The closing exercises of the twentieth anniversary of Avery Normal Institute, Charleston, S. C., occupied four days of the last week of June.

The week opened on Sunday, June 21, with a sermon to the graduating class, by the Rev. E. T. Hooker, pastor of our A. M. A. church.

The morning hours of Wednesday and Thursday were devoted to oral examinations in all the departments. A fine display of maps, drawing books, object drawings and original designs found scores of admirers. The sewing done by the industrial classes made a creditable exhibit, and the garments found ready purchasers. The remainder of the school hours of each day were given to rhetorical exercises in the chapel of the institution.

On Wednesday, P. M., the sub-normal grades entertained their friends. Promptly at 12 m., they filed into the chapel to a march from the piano. Music, recitations, gesture and sewing songs pleasantly filled an hour and a half. A composition, "The New Colony," weaving in, in a humming fashion, the surnames of some of the teachers and pupils, was highly appreciated by the crowded house of parents and friends.

Thursday, P. M., the "Normals" held the Fort. The aim had not been to foster theatrical tastes, nor to produce startling dramatic effects, but to render in a natural and easy manner, historic, patriotic and practical selections, both of poetry and prose. Music, vocal and instrumental, lent its charm to the general enjoyment.

Friday was wholly devoted to those whom Avery each year "delighteth to honor." A galaxy of twenty-two formed the class of '85. Beginning promptly at 10 A. M., seventeen earnest, womanly young women and five faithful young men, expressed their opinions on their chosen subjects, in the form of essay or oration. From salutatory to valedictory, the quiet of the packed room attested the interest taken in the evolution of each theme. The colored people of Charleston are, intellectually, in advance of those of most other Southern cities. Before the "slight misunderstanding," their native city was called the "Athens of the South," and, breathing the same air as the more favored race, they naturally imbibed some of its cultured modes of thought. The presentation of diplomas by the Principal, Prof. Wm. M. Bristoll, the singing of the Class Song and the congratulations of friends closed the happy day.

ANNA M. NICHOLAS.

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BREWER NORMAL SCHOOL.

The Thirteenth Anniversary Exercises of the Brewer Normal School took place at Greenwood, S. C., on Thursday, June 25. The annual address was delivered at eleven o'clock A. M., by the Rev. T. E. McDonald, of Columbia, to an unusually large audience, and enlisted earnest attention. It will, we trust, be long remembered by those who heard it. It was followed by a short, earnest talk from the Rev. H. M. Young, presiding elder of this district in the A. M. E. Church. The singing was by the entire school and was loudly applauded. This was followed by an intermission of an hour and a half, during which time friends held fellowship with friends and betook themselves to the contents of abundantly laden refreshment baskets.

The afternoon exercises consisted of singing, recitations and dialogues by the children of the primary department. Our large hall was bright with flowers, flags and happy faces, but was by far too small to accommodate the immense throng seeking admission. The calisthenic exercises and selections were well rendered and won many complimentary remarks. At 5 o'clock a memorial service was held for a member of the school who, the year before, took a very prominent part in our closing exercises, but who, after months of patient suffering, entered into rest April 6. The annual exhibition came off at 8 o'clock P. M. The programme consisted of sixteen parts, interspersed with music. We were favored during the day with music from two brass bands. By competent judges the declamations were pronounced superior to any heard on former occasions of a similar character.

The attendance of the citizens from the town was a very pleasant feature. Brewer Normal has made a deep impression on the white people. They acknowledge the good work that it has done and is doing, and believe in the possibilities that are before it. The students in attendance during the year were 168, an advance upon that of any previous year. We have had much for which to be thankful during the first year connected with this institute; but let this be an inspiration leading us to greater achievements during the year to come. On Friday morning, amid a "sweet confusion" of tears, laughter and farewells, the halls of the school were closed for the summer vacation, and the students boarded the trains to return to their homes.

J. D. BACKENSTOSE.

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STUDENT'S LETTER.

STRAIGHT UNIVERSITY, NEW ORLEANS.

The path along which the mind must travel to obtain an education, is much like that on which one goes to accomplish any desired end. The student will find in his way numberless difficulties which seem higher than mountains, lower than valleys, and darker than any forest glade. The Alpine traveler knows that he will meet many a rugged steep, that he must cross many a mountain torrent on slender footing, make his way through many a gloomy valley. He does not give up, but presses forward with eagerness and courage, until he reaches the summit and gazes as a victor on the glorious scenes around.

So is it with the student who is determined to become useful to his fellow-men and to God. His path is strewn with difficulties all the way. He meets discouragements and back-sets which seem to him sometimes insurmountable, and he will need all his courage to keep on to the end. In our Southern country there are, it seems to me, many difficulties which do not exist in all parts of our land; but as I hear our teachers tell of their struggles and trials, I conclude there is no broad, smooth way along which one may walk comfortably up to the temple of knowledge.

Many who are exceedingly anxious to become students have in early life lost their parents, and, being poor, are unable to provide for themselves, and unless some helping hand is stretched forth, must remain in ignorance. There are others, who, though in good circumstances, are not able to appreciate the value of learning, and so care nothing for it. Again, there are many communities in which the people, ignorant themselves, care nothing about the education of their children, and will make no provisions for schools. I know of settlements of five hundred or more inhabitants among whom there are scarcely any competent preachers, no good schools or teachers, no missionary work going on, and the people in a very degraded state. Ignorant parents, unless persuaded, are not apt to attend to the education of their children. It is a disadvantage to any one aiming to prepare for future usefulness to meet with either of these unfavorable circumstances that I have mentioned, and yet it is the case with thousands of our boys and girls. The principles which ought to be impressed upon the children's minds while young are neglected, and false ideas and degraded impressions are allowed to govern them. Thus, they are robbed of an early training in those things which are the true foundations of a noble character.

Here are the plantations in this Southland around many of which yet cluster the stains of slavery, and to look upon them in all their degradation is enough to cause a young man or woman who was once acting in accordance with their sinfulness, but now trying to aim higher, to give up and declare that it is useless to try to elevate the great mass of our people to a high standard of citizenship and usefulness, and it is only when we remember that the hand of the great God is in the work, that one can have any hope. How many to-day are idling away their time, breaking the Sabbath, engaging in sinful sports, violating the State laws, disturbing the peace of quiet citizens, disobeying their Supreme Ruler!

We have glanced at the dark side of this subject. Let us now turn to the bright. God has raised up noble men who have loved us and labored for us—men whose names are familiar to all, and who will be loved and honored through all generations. Can we be discouraged when we think it was for us John Brown died? When we think of Abraham Lincoln, Charles Sumner, and all that host of great men who saw the evils our race suffered and so nobly stood up for us, we will not despair.

Our Christian friends at the North have given us liberty and citizenship. Noble Lincoln and brave Grant were to us almost what Moses and Aaron were to the Israelites. These same people are mastering another great problem. As soon as hostilities ceased they placed institutions of learning within our reach. Under the A. M. A. and other associations, schools and colleges are erected in the South for our advancement and training. Here is Straight University, founded at the very centre of bitterness. From the regions round about she gathers young men and woman, teaches them the truths of Christianity, educates them, and then sends them abroad to fill the pulpits, to gather in the lost ones. Trained by those who have had the best education the North could give them, they go out to teach the children, who, but for them, could have no good teaching. The missionary cause carries light to the homes that are in darkness.

It is a great encouragement, not only to us but to our parents also, to know that we are acquiring an education from the hands of these Christian helpers, so that we can become useful in the world, good citizens, skilled in art and science, and in all branches of knowledge; to become recognized in the best society, and to secure comfortable homes for ourselves; to know that we are taught true principles of Christianity, so that we can use our learning aright, build up God's kingdom, promote peace and happiness upon earth, and by and by, when that Eye which looked down from heaven and saw the shackles of slavery struck from our hands and souls, sees fit, we shall be the instruments in carrying the gospel of Christ across the sea to our fellow-men who inhabit the dark continent. Difficulties there are, many and great; but nothing is too difficult for the Almighty, and He is our helper and always will help if we ask Him.

The chance to get a good training is in the reach of nearly every one, if he will only try. We are grateful to our benefactors and to God for these blessings. May His name be praised and may He reward his servants in the end!

C. W. JOHNSON.

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THE INDIANS.

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THE APACHE RAID.

BY GEN. C. H. HOWARD.

A private letter before me from a ranchman says: "Great excitement prevails all over this part of Arizona from the breaking out of the Chiricahua Apaches. We expected them here, as this is one of their old trails and watering places. We kept guard night and day. But they crossed into New Mexico, to the north of us."

The old roaming ground of the Chiricahuas was Southern Arizona. For many years they defied all attempts to subdue them. Their famous chief, Cochise, refused to make any treaty or even to parley with the representatives of the Government.

In 1873, under Grant's "peace policy," General O. O. Howard was sent to Arizona and New Mexico to make treaties with such of the Indians as could be reached. After he had visited many other tribes, including several of the Apache family, and located them peaceably, he determined to make one earnest effort to meet Cochise. The experience of twenty years proved that it would be vain to try to capture him. One white man was found, a scout and interpreter, known as Captain Jefferds, who spoke Apache and who was regarded by Cochise as a friend. He consented to try and bring about a parley with Cochise, but declared no troops must be near. General Howard took one aide-de-camp, and with Jefferds and two friendly Apaches, rode for two days until they came near the stronghold. Jefferds then sent forward the two Indians with a message. They went cautiously, kindling fires from point to point, and receiving answering signals. The next day one of them returned, bringing word that Cochise would see the General and his party, and that the messenger was to guide them to a designated place of meeting. Cochise was not there on the arrival of the party, but some of his head men appeared soon after, had a talk with Jefferds and were introduced to the General, all showing signs of a marked impression, from the fact that the General had lost his right arm and carried no weapons. His Apache name was ever afterwards the "The One-Armed Chief." Some of the Chiricahuas then mounted and rode away, and not long after a body of Indians came galloping up. A powerfully-built man, fully armed with rifle, revolvers and knife, dismounted and first took Jefferds by the hand, and then turned and frankly greeted the General. The details of that interview, of the stay of the treaty-party in the stronghold as Cochise's guests, for two days; their experience the first night, when they were awakened in the middle of the night and the entire camp was moved to a still more inaccessible natural fortification, far up in the mountains, owing to an apprehended attack from a militia company which had pursued some marauding Chiricahuas the day before—all would form an interesting and romantic chapter of Indian history.

The treaty stipulated that all raiding and marauding should cease; that the Chiricahuas should confine themselves to a certain defined tract of country; that Captain Jefferds, whom Cochise always called his brother, would be their agent, and that necessary food would be allowed them. A definite time was granted in which Cochise was to communicate the terms of the treaty to his absent chiefs, some of whom were in old Mexico or other distant places.



The treaty was kept by Cochise and the Chiricahuas for nine years, as long as he lived. They were greatly incensed and felt that they were wronged when Capt. Jefferds was displaced, the reservation marked out in the treaty was taken away, and they were removed from their traditional home and herded upon the San Carlos reservation with other tribes, some of whom they greatly despised. This, however, they still bore patiently or without manifest resentment until October, 1881. At that time there was trouble with other San Carlos tribes. The army marched upon the reservation. The next night the Chiricahuas left. They started in the direction of their old haunts, met freighting teams, murdered the drivers and took the horses, killed cattle and stole other horses from ranchmen, had one or two slight skirmishes with the United States cavalry and escaped into Mexico.

Gen. Crook's campaign into Mexico in pursuit of them is familiar to all. He captured their women and children and old people, and in order, doubtless, to induce the leaders, who were hidden in the fastnesses of the Sierra Madre mountains, to surrender, promised terms that have been severely criticised. Those leaders, like Geronomo, whose hands were stained with murder, were allowed to come back unmolested upon the reservation, to retain their arms, and to feel that, instead of conquered foes of the government, and criminals justly and duly punished, they had outwitted their white enemy and dictated their own terms of a peace to be broken at will.

Should not these Chiricahua leaders, having deliberately broken their treaty, and known to be incorrigibly criminal, have been at least confined where they could neither incite nor lead more murderous raids? It was neither a dictate of humanity nor of true statesmanship to set them loose with arms in their hands. One of the essential steps in the civilization of any tribe is to demonstrate that crimes are to be promptly and adequately punished.

But the utter neglect of the government, and of all missionary bodies, to send to these Chiricahuas any teachers or to make any earnest attempt to civilize them, during the entire nine years of their peaceable stay on the reservation, should, no doubt, be duly weighed when considering the question of ultimate responsibility for this outbreak.—The Chicago Standard.

* * * * *

THE CHINESE.

* * * * *

A TOUR AMONG THE MISSIONS.

BY REV. W. C. POND.

Since writing my last account of our work for the MISSIONARY, I have visited several of our Missions in the interior of the State, and, as far as I can in the space at my command, I will recount my observations.

I. STOCKTON.—Except as, for a short time, more than thirty years ago, something was done by Rev. S. V. Blakeslee in San Francisco, Stockton was the first point in California occupied by the A. M. A. The work was continued there with scarcely a month's intermission from 1871 till about a year ago, when under financial pressure it was closed for a time. The intention was to resume as soon as the opening of a new fiscal year gave me the right to draw against a new appropriation. Meanwhile it was hoped that a temporary suspension might lead to a greater interest on the part of the Chinese themselves, and that we should begin to get urgent requests from them with pledges of cooeperation such as had sometimes come to us from other places. It was all a mistake for which your Superintendent is chastened, and repents. When we were ready to resume, we found the convenient room which the school had occupied so many years rented for quite other purposes, and no quarters could be obtained except at a rental too exorbitant. Most of those among the pupils who had been specially benefited, and whose urgencies we should otherwise have heard, had moved elsewhere, and the Macedonian cry which we hoped would put us on vantage ground for future operations, did not come to our ears. The Chinese are very numerous in Stockton—at least 1,000 constantly there, and probably 1,000 more who, working here and there in the great San Joaquin Valley, make Stockton their rendezvous. I ought not to have suspended work among them, but rather with faith and courage I should have pressed it with greater zeal, and if hearts seemed harder there than elsewhere, I should have poured in upon them more abundantly the light and love of Christ. All that I could accomplish on this visit was to arrange conditionally for a room in a building not yet completed, and to intensify my own determination somehow to carry to those dark, needy souls "the fullness of the blessing of Christ."

II. SACRAMENTO.—It was good to come into the warm spiritual atmosphere of our Sacramento mission. The tokens of God's blessing on our work there are unmistakable. Our readers have heard recently from our helper, Chin Toy, and I forbear going into details. The best result of my visit was in the decision of one of our pupils who had been highly commended to me by his brethren and by Mrs. Carrington, to enter into missionary work. His name is Chin Kel. I am all the more hopeful about him because he is distrustful of himself. This was the only ground of hesitancy with him. The fact that it involved a very considerable pecuniary sacrifice does not seem to have weighed with him at all. He will be stationed at Marysville, relieving our excellent brother Joe Jet for work elsewhere.

III. MARYSVILLE.—Here, too, I found comfort with the brethren, and after the usual exercises of the school were finished, at nine o'clock P. M., we sat down together at the Lord's table. One brother was baptized and received to the church. All the resident members of the church were present, and, if I mistake not, we broke the bread not only at about the same hour of the evening, but with the same number of communicants as were gathered round the table in that upper chamber at Jerusalem when this sacrament was first observed.

IV. OROVILLE.—The next two evenings were spent at Oroville, twenty-eight miles further north. I took our faithful helper, Joe Jet, with me, and he will spend a month or more in that mission. Two of the Marysville brethren also accompanied us, and one other was already there. I invited them to be present because I proposed to organize our Oroville brethren into a church. Too long already—too long, not by months, only, but by years—we had waited, hoping that the church already existing in Oroville would open its doors and extend a brother's hand to these disciples; and we believed that they ought not longer to be debarred the privileges of the sacraments and of church fellowship. Several who in years past have given evidence of conversion in connection with this mission, are now elsewhere. Four young men, after careful examination, in which Joe Jet and the Marysville brethren shared, were constituted into "The Bethany Church of Oroville." Four others were believed to be Christians, but, as being recent converts, were held under probation awhile, as is the custom in our missions. When we sat down on Friday evening to the Lord's table it was found that four other churches were informally represented by members present, and thus, in some sense, the fellowship of the churches was expressed.

V. TULARE.—My next visit was made to Tulare, in the southern part of the San Joaquin Valley. I was greatly interested in what I found. My hopes were more than realized. Believing that our work will be permanent and fruitful, I bought, on my own responsibility, a lot, and contracted for the erection of a comfortable Mission-house, which having been put up with Californian speed, was dedicated on Monday, May 18. I could not myself be present at the service, but Rev. D. Goodsell, pastor of the Congregational Church, conducted it well. There were songs and Scripture readings by the pupils, an address by Ju Guy, the helper, giving in a brief and modest way his own religious experience; addresses also by Bro. Goodsell and by Rev. Mr. McMillan, of the M. E. Church; a collection which under the circumstances was quite generous; and finally a banquet which the pupils asked the privilege of providing for their friends.

VI. FRESNO.—My last visit was at Fresno, the largest and most promising town between Stockton and Los Angeles. Here I found fully 500 Chinese. Many more, doubtless, make their headquarters here. Ju Guy accompanied me from Tulare, and in about six hours found five of his countrymen who professed to be Christians. Three of these were Baptists from Oregon, one a Methodist and one a Congregationalist. All were ready to cooeperate. The last one gave his name as Soo Hoo Foo, and said that about eight years ago he began to believe in Jesus, and united in San Francisco with our "Congregational Association of Christian Chinese." Soon after this he left the city, and ever since has been almost entirely destitute of Christian instruction and companionship. Yet he had not relinquished his purpose to follow Christ, and his heart warmed at once at the prospect of a mission in Fresno. Our school was started there May 1, and gives good promise of permanent usefulness. The teacher speaks in glowing terms about Soo Hoo Foo, believing that he might be trained for good service as a missionary. About this time will tell; but certainly our faith may well be strengthened and our hearts gladdened to see how the Good Shepherd knows and keeps His scattered lambs.

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BUREAU OF WOMAN'S WORK.

* * * * *

MISS D. E. EMERSON, SECRETARY.

* * * * *

As the ladies interested in our Bureau of Woman's Work may wish to see the resolutions adopted by the representatives of the several woman's missionary societies at the meeting held in Saratoga June 4, we herewith print them:

Resolved, That we, the representatives of the several State women's home missionary societies present at the Saratoga meeting, entreat the women of all the States to form State societies, and add their contributions to those of the great national societies to carry on all branches of the missionary work in our own land, and to urge them also to make corresponding effort to increase intelligence in regard to home work.

Resolved, That a committee of three ladies be appointed to open correspondence with representatives in the different States where no societies now exist, and in all practicable ways to promote unity of interest and action in home work.

The committee appointed were:

Mrs. W. Kincaid, 483 Greene avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Mrs. C. A. Richardson, 123 Washington avenue, Chelsea, Mass.

Mrs. E. S. Williams, 1729 Eleventh avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn.

* * * * *

THE PAPER MISSION.

This unique enterprise in missionary work was started three years ago by Miss Nancy Marsh, Providence, R. I. Miss Marsh writes:

"Our third year of labor among the freedmen has just closed. We have sent to about forty places 2,312 papers and pamphlets, 1,113 lesson papers, 1,006 lesson cards, 174 tracts, 393 Scripture cards, 109 Christmas and picture cards, 29 books of various kinds and 84 lithographs; 66 letters and postals have been written. A box was sent in October last to a pastor in Texas, with some articles of clothing, 'Barnes' Notes' and other books."

Miss Marsh has received many letters from the missionaries, gratefully acknowledging the help that the papers have been. One writes: "I wish you could step in and see the little ones in their several classes, how their eyes sparkle when the papers are given out." Another: "It did me good to feel that one whom I had never seen would interest herself in my work here in this isolated spot. I send you my sincere thanks." A pastor says: "Our new church was dedicated May 24. Our permanent existence began that day. The next Sabbath twenty joined our Sunday-school, and the Sunday following seven more. Nothing is so acceptable as your papers. Please send oftener, and more with pictures, as my school is largely made up of little ones."

The above are specimens of a great many letters that have been received by Miss Marsh. We should be pleased to give still further extracts from her interesting correspondence, but lack of space forbids. She is engaged in doing a good work, and she has the grateful appreciation of our missionaries in the field.

* * * * *

INDUSTRIAL LETTER FROM LE MOYNE.

DEAR FRIENDS: Thinking you would like to hear a word from "Le Moyne Home" I will pen you a few lines. I wish you were here to see for yourself what a nice happy family we are. The industrial classes take a good share of my time. I am much pleased with the progress the girls have made in sewing. They have a deal of pride in doing their work nicely, and are always willing to take it out if not well done. They have made ladies' and children's aprons, undergarments, children's dresses, etc. Whenever they enter the sewing room with torn or ragged garments I have them mend them the first thing, trying to teach them that a stitch in time saves nine, and that a penny saved is the same as a penny earned—two things hard for them to learn.

The class in cooking are interested as ever in their work. Not one of the twenty-five girls has ever failed in any article of food she has cooked. I give the girls who do the cooking a sample to take home. It makes the mothers interested in their work. They bring frequently to me something they have made at home. I have been very happy in my work with them.

M. H. K.

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CHILDREN'S PAGE.

* * * * *

PLAYING 'POSSUM.

"See what a splendid 'possum I've shot, Uncle Toby. I killed him all myself."

"Killed him all yo'se'f, eh? Now, let me tole you' suffin'. Jest yo' look sharp after him. A 'possum am a mighty skeery critter, shore's yo' bawn."

"Why, but he's dead, uncle, and how can he need any looking after?"

"Don't yo' be so shore 'bout dat ar' now, 'case dey's mighty onsartin, mighty onsartin. I mind now wat yore bressed uncle, the parson, used ter say on that subjec', ses he: 'Toby, ef yo' ebber wants to be a fust-rate Christian, yo' mus'n't let yer 'settin' sins fool ye, 'case dey's jes like 'possums. Yo' t'ink dem all dead and gone fur to pester ye no moah, when all ob a suddent heah dey all comes agin, jes' as pow'rful as ebber. Be shore yo' kills dem dead—plumb dead—ebbery time yo' sees de leastest bit ob one stick'n up anywhars.' Dat's what he used fur to remark, an' he war a mighty good man, chuck full ob de sperrit ob goodness."

Willie ran away and shut his treasure up in an empty cotton-shed, intending to skin it early in the morning, as it was now supper-time and he was exceedingly hungry. But on the morrow nothing was to be seen or heard of his prize. He hunted the place over and questioned all the servants closely. Nothing was to be heard or seen of the missing rogue, who was probably telling his mates of the forest of his narrow escape from being skinned alive!

Uncle Toby greeted Willie with a laugh, "I done tole yo' so. Yo' 's got to cut dere heads plumb off. Dat am de onlst way ob bein' sartin shore. I 'clare to gracious I'se seen dem hop outen de bery pot on de fire an' make off."

"O, Uncle Toby, that's an awful story! you know it is. But one thing I do know: I'll cut the throat of the next 'possum I get hold of."

"An' don't yo' fo'git what I done tole ye 'bout your 'settin' sins. Dey's jes like dat ar' 'possum. Dey wants killin' ober an' ober again 'fore dey really dies."

"I should think John Salters' love of drink needed killing again. Do you know, I stumbled over him in the woods yesterday, with a whisky-bottle lying by his side? It was too shameful!"

"Dat am true, Massa Willie. I don't reckon he tries so bery hard to kill dat ar' possum."

"But he told father that he had reformed, and wanted him to furnish him some work. Mother gave him a lot of old clothing and things to eat, and yet there he lay, drunk as could be."

"Wall, yo' see, he was jes' like yo' was yessaday. Yo' was sartain shore dat 'possum was dead, an' all de time he was a larfin' in his slebe an' t'inkin' how he'd make his legs fly when he'd see a good chance, an' shore 'nuff he did. He-he."

"You needn't laugh, uncle; 'twasn't any fun to lose such a big fat fellow."

"No moah it wasn't, but ef yo' larned de lesson wat de good Lord meant to teach yo', den yo' hasn't loss nuffin'. Jes' yo' mind 'bout dat ar."—Ruth Argyle in Well Spring.

* * * * *

RECEIPTS FOR JUNE, 1885.

* * * * *

MAINE, $1,187.38.

Bangor. "A Friend," 1, and S. S. Papers, for Wilmington, N. C. $1.00 Biddeford. Primary Dept. Second Cong. Ch., for Share 20.00 Falmouth. First Cong. Ch. 18.00 Kennebunk. Union Ch. and Soc. 25.58 New Gloucester. "A Friend" 4.00 Norridgewock. Mrs. N. Dale, Pkg. Sewing, for Kittrell, N. C. North Bridgeton. Cong. Sab. Sch., for Student Aid, Wilmington, N. C., 10; Miss Proctor's Sch., 1; C. C. Farnsworth, Pkg. basted work, for Wilmington, N. C. 11.00 North Waterford. Cong Sab. Sch. 7.00 Portland. Seamen's Bethel Ch., 40; St. Lawrence St. Ch., 6.58 46.58 Richmond. Cong. Sab. Sch. 10.00 Skowhegan. Cong. Ch. 20.00 Topsham. Pkg. basted patchwork, for Selma, Ala. Yarmouth. First Cong. Ch. and Soc. 26.15 Yarmouth. Miss Buckner and Miss Richards, for Wilmington, N. C. 5.75 Ladies of Maine, for Missionaries, by Mrs. J. P. Hubbard, Treas. W. A. to A. M. A. 992.32

NEW HAMPSHIRE, $2,323.30.

Amherst. Cong. Ch. 17.85 Dover. First Parish Ch. 52.88 Exeter. Second Cong. Ch. Sab. Sch., for Student Aid, Talladega C. 25.00 Henniker. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 21.25 Littleton. Mrs B. W. Kilburn 10.00 Nashua. Mission Circle, for Share 20.00 Nelson. Youngest Classes Cong. Sab. Sch., for Student Aid, Straight U. 9.12 Northampton. Cong. Sab. Sch., for Student Aid, Fisk U. 24.23 Pembrook. Cong. Sab. Sch. 30.60 Plymouth. Cong. Ch. 10.87 Tilton. Boys' Class Cong. S. S., for Student Aid, Straight U. 3.50 ———- $225.30

LEGACIES.

Amherst. Estate of Luther Melendy, by A. A. Rotch, Admr., in part 2,000.00 Warren. Estate of Rev. E. Dow, by James M. Williams 100.00 ————- $2,325.30

VERMONT, $456.15.

Benson. Miss J. Kent 1.50 Brattleboro. N. W. Goddard 5.00 Brookfield. Second Ch., J. Perham 5.00 East Hardwick. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 12.42, "A Friend," 10 22.42 Lyndon. First Cong. Ch. 20.00 Manchester. Cong. Ch. 95.09 Montpelier. Bethany Cong. Ch. and Soc. 33.90 Peru. Dea. A. B. Peffers, 3, Dea. Edmond Batchilder, 2 5.00 Rutland. Cong. Ch. 94.71 Saint Johnsbury. South Cong. Ch. 10.00 Saint Johnsbury. Mrs. O. W. Howard, Pkg. Books for Kittrell, N. C. Westfield. Cong. Ch. 5.50 Ladies of Vt., by Mrs. Henry Fairbanks, for McIntosh, Ga.—Brookfield, Second Ch., 7.—Coventry, 13.50.—Enosburg, 9.—Georgia, 9.—Greensboro, 10.—Morrisville, 8.25.—Norwich, 14.78.—Norwich, Mrs. Stimpson, 2.—Children of Proctor Sab. Sch., 9.—Peacham, 23.—Richmond, 4.61.—Richmond, Children, for Building fund, 2.39.—Rutland, 32.—Saint Johnsbury, adl., 50c.—Westminster, West, 8 153.03 ——. "A Friend" 5.00

MASSACHUSETTS, $2,133.15.

Andover. Abbot Academy, Teachers and Scholars 63.72 Andover. Chapel Ch. Sab. Sch., for Student Aid, Atlanta U. 25.00 Ashby. Cong. Sab. Sch., for Student Aid, Atlanta U. 81.75 Ashfield. Cong. Ch. 36.20 Boston. Walnut Av. Ch. and Soc., 200.55; Homeland Circle, Park St. Ch., 60 for 3 Shares, 2 for Indian M.; Pilgrim Soc., Phillips Ch., for Student Aid, Fisk U., 50; "Two Friends," bal. to const. B. F. DEWING L. M., 10; George P. Smith, 5.—Cambridgeport, Pilgrim Ch., 19.72.—Dorchester, Village Ch. and Soc., 31.80; Pilgrim Ch. and Soc., 20.—Roxbury Highland Ch. and Soc., 40.82; Eliot Ch., adl., 3; Mrs. J. M. Aldrich, for Kittrell, N. C., Pkg Sewing 442.89 Belchertown. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 41.00 Buckland. Ladies, Bbl. of C., for Fisk U. Byfield. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 6.00 Campello. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 111.68 Concord. Trin. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 22.30 East Hawley. Cong. Ch. 5.00 East Granville. "Y. P. Soc. of Christian Endeavor," for Building Fund, Straight U. 4.00 Everett. Mrs. L. J. T. Burnap 5.00 Georgetown. Mrs. Richmond Dole 10.00 Greenfield. First Cong. Ch. and Soc., 10; Mrs. D. K. Nesbit, 2 12.00 Groton. Union Cong. Ch. and Soc. 68.30 Holliston. Primary S. S. of Cong. Ch. for Student Aid, Talladega C. 1.20 Housatonic. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 47.59 Huntington. Second Cong. Soc. 9.26 Hyde Park. Cong. Sab. Sch. 37.54 Lawrence. Trinity Cong. Ch., 23.80; So. Cong. Ch. and Soc., 15.04 38.84 Lowell. High St. Ch. and Soc. 53.50 Maplewood. Miss Johnson's Sab. Sch. Class, for Wilmington, N. C. 4.00 Medford. Ladies of Mystic Ch., for Student Aid, Atlanta U. 50.00 Medway. Village Ch. and Soc. 103.75 Melrose. Ortho. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 7.72 Millbury. Second Cong. Ch., for Student Aid, Atlanta U. 25.00 Newton. "H. M. F." 5.00 Newton Centre. Ladies' Miss'y Soc. of First Cong. Ch., for Student Aid, Atlanta U. 43.50 North Amherst. Cong. Sab. Sch., for Student Aid, Atlanta U. 28.00 Northampton. "A Friend," for Student Aid, Fisk U. 20.00 North Andover. Cong. Ch. and Soc., to const. MISS HELEN E. ROACHE and MISS HELEN C. SARGENT L. M's 60.00 Northbridge. First Ch. 13.50 North Leominster. Cong. Ch. 8.63 Phillipston. Trowbridge Ward 6.00 Pittsfield. South Cong. Ch. and Soc. 37.46 Pittsfield. First Cong. Ch. Sab. Sch., for Student Aid, Fisk U. 15.00 Plymouth. Amasa Holmes 5.00 Quincy. Evan. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 33.00 Royalston. First Cong. Ch. 44.75 Saxonville. Edwards Cong. Ch. 20.00 Shelburne Falls. Three Classes Cong. Sab. Sch., for Indian M., Santee Agency, Neb. 6.00 South Framingham. Walter F. Blake and S. S. Class, for Student Aid, Atlanta U. 25.00 South Framingham. Mrs. R. L. Day, for Kittrell, N. C. 2.00 South Hadley. Cong. Ch. 21.00 Stockbridge. Miss Alice Byington, for Share 20.00 Sturbridge. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 35.25 Topsfield. Cong. Ch. to const. ENOS FULLER and HARRIET E. PERKINS L. M's 56.75 Townsend. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 11.50 Walpole. Orthodox Cong. Ch. and Soc. 32.48 West Boxford. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 8.71 Westminster. First Cong. Ch. and Soc. 46.60 West Stockbridge Village. Cong. Ch. 25.78 Winchendon. North Cong. Ch., adl. 2.00 Woburn. Ladies' Charitable Reading Soc., for Freight 2.00 Worcester. P. L. Moen, for Indian M., Dakota 100.00 Worcester. Piedmont Sab. Sch., 50; Young Ladies' Soc., Plymouth. Ch. 35, for Student Aid, Fisk U. 85.00

CLOTHING, ETC., RECEIVED AT BOSTON OFFICE.

MASS.—Woburn. Ladies' Charitable Reading Soc., Bbl.—Newton, A. L., Boyden, Bbl., for Macon, Ga.—Tewksbury, Ladies' Benev. Soc. of Cong. Ch., Bbl., for Talladega C.

RHODE ISLAND, $227.42.

Newport. United Cong. Ch. 54.50 Providence. Beneficent Cong. Ch., 136.59; North Cong. Ch., 16.26 152.85 Providence. "Friend," for Mountain White Work 10.00 Tiverton. Amicable Cong. Ch. 10.07

CONNECTICUT, $1,712.80.

Bradleyville. Union Sab. Sch. 5.00 Canaan. —— 5.00 Cromwell. Ladies of Cong. Ch., for Conn. Sch., Quitman, Ga. 18.00 East Haddam. First Cong. Ch. and Soc. 53.80 East Hampton. First Cong. Ch. and Soc., to const. WALTER C. CLARK L. M. 28.75 East Hampton. Dea. Samuel Skinner, 10; E. C. Barton, 5; Mr. Abbie, 5; J. M. Starr, 2.50; D. Hawley Skinner, 2.50; A. Conklin, 2, for Theo. Dept., Talladega C. 27.00 Enfield. Cong Ch., for Straight U. 25.00 Farmington. A. F. Williams, to const. MISS GENEVIVE TILLOTSON L. M. 30.00 Glastonbury. Cong. Ch. and Soc., to const. MRS. ELIZA A. BUNCE, MRS. SARAH L. MORGAN, MISS JULIA W. BROADHEAD and ROBERT MOSELEY L. M's 130.00 Greenwich, "Three Friends," for Student Aid, Mobile, Ala. 8.00 Guilford. Mrs. Ruth Bartlett, 5; "A Friend in Third Ch.," 5 10.00 Hartford. First Ch., 336.61; Wethersfield Av. Cong. Ch., 5 341.61 Hebron. First Cong. Ch. 17.50 Higganum. Cong. Sab. Sch., for Share 25.00 Higganum. Cong. Ch. 15.00 Kent. Cong. Sab. Sch. 23.00 Litchfield. First Cong. Ch. 52.66 Litchfield. Cong. Ch. Sab. Sch., for Two Shares 40.00 Middletown. South Cong. Ch. 33.66 New Haven. United Ch. 140.90 New London. Ch. of Christ 44.12 New London. Henry Martin Miss'y Ass'n, for Student Aid, Straight U. 25.00 New Preston Hill. Cong. Ch. 16.00 North Cornwall. Cong. Ch. (ad'l) 6.00 North Coventry. Cong. Ch. 40.00 North Haven. E. Dickerman 2.00 North Manchester. Second Cong. Ch. 50.00 Old Saybrook. Cong. Ch. 15.95 Plainfield. Cong. Sab. Sch. 2.05 Putnam. Second Cong. Ch. 41.79 Redding. Cong. Ch. 26.96 Ridgebury. Woman's Miss'y Soc., for Conn. Sch., Quitman, Ga. 2.00 South Britain. Cong. Ch. 15.00 South Windsor. Six furnished work baskets, for girls of graduating class, Atlanta U. Stafford Springs. Cong. Ch. 21.73 Stratford. Cong. Ch., for Indian M. 11.25 Thomaston. Cong. Ch. 65.35 Tolland. Cong. Ch. 11.58 Torrington. Young Ladies' Miss'y Soc., for Student Aid, Talladega C. 50.00 Watertown. Cong. Sab. Sch., for Conn. Sch., Quitman, Ga. 20.00 West Hartford. "A Friend," for Share 20.00 Wethersfield. Ladies of Cong. Ch., for Conn. Sch., Quitman, Ga. 20.00 Williamsville. Cong. Ch. 8.00 Windsor Locks. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., by Mrs. Chas. H. Coye, for Conn. Sch., Quitman, Ga. 18.00 Wolcott. Cong. Ch., Ladies, 5; Y. P. S. of Christian Endeavor, 5, for Conn. Sch., Quitman, Ga. 10.00 Woodbury. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., for Student Aid Endowment Fund, Fisk U. 13.00 Woodstock. Cong. Ch. and Soc. 27.14 ——. "A Friend" 100.00

NEW YORK, $616.88.

Brooklyn. Central Cong. Sab. Sch., for Indian M., Santee Agency, Neb. 37.50 Buffalo. Mrs. Wm. G. Bancroft, 50, for Tillotson C & N. Inst., and to const. MRS. RALPH JOHNSON L. M.; Young People's Ass'n of First Cong. Ch., 5 55.00 Clifton Park. "A Friend" 3.00 Comstocks. Russell Ranney 10.00 De Kalb. First Cong. Ch. 3.75 Flushing. First Cong. Ch. Sab. Sch., for Missionary, Atlanta, Ga. 40.00 Gloversville. Ladies, for Missionary, Tougaloo, Miss., by Mrs. L. H. Cobb, Treas., W. H. M. U. 6.67 Le Roy. Miss Delia A. Phillips, for Student Aid, Atlanta U. 10.00 Lysander. Cong. Ch. 19.00 Millville. Cong. S. S., Infant Class, 1, Youths' Class, 1 2.00 New York. S. T. Gordon, for Student Aid, Fisk U. 200.00 New York. Broadway Tabernacle (Pledge for 1884) 100.00 New York. Broadway Tabernacle Sab. Sch., for Indian M., Fort Berthold, Dak. 50.00 Oswego. Mrs. L. H. Chase 10.00 Pekin. Abigail Peck 15.00 Rushville Cong. Ch. 18.50 Sandy Creek. Cong. Ch. 4.00 South Hermon. Cong. Ch. 2.00 West Winfield. Cong. Ch., to const. MRS. H. L. BRACE L. M. 30.46

NEW JERSEY, $24.00.

Montclair. Mrs. Pratt's S. S. Class, for Student Aid, Talladega C. 4.00 Summit. Central Presb. Ch. 20.00

PENNSYLVANIA, $11.00.

Allegheny City. W. H. M. Soc. of Plymouth Ch., for Missionary, Atlanta, Ga., by Mrs. Wm. Clayton, Treas. O. W. H. M. U. 5.00 Ridgway. First Cong. Ch. 6.00

OHIO, $817.47.

Akron. Cong. Ch. 76.82 Akron. Cong. Ch., for Straight U., 84 (less 23 ack. in June number from "Friends in Ohio," by Mrs. A. McDougall) 61.00 Ashtabula. First Cong. Ch. 34.49 Atwater. Cong. Ch. and Soc., to const. ANTHONY REED L. M. 29.03 Chagrin Falls. "Earnest Workers," 4 for Orphan Fund, 1 for Freight, for Tougaloo, Miss. 5.00 Cincinnati. A. M. Warner 5.00 Columbus. First Cong. Ch., 230.23; North Cong. Ch. Sab. Sch., 5 235.23 Elyria. First Cong. Ch., 106.43, and Sab. Sch., 40; N. B. Gates, 2 148.43 Lexington. Cong. Ch., 4.85; "C. C.," 10 14.85 Madison. Mrs. H. B. Fraser 25.00 Mansfield. Woman's Benev. Soc., for Missionary, Atlanta, Ga., by Mrs. Wm. Clayton, Treas. O. W. H. M. U. 20.00 Mount Vernon. Cong. Ch. 67.62 Mount Vernon. Union Meeting, 50, for Straight U., by Mrs. A. McDougall, incorrectly ack. in June number from Akron, Ohio Oberlin. Woman's Miss'y Soc. of Second Ch., for Missionary, Atlanta, Ga., by Mrs. Wm. Clayton, Treas. O. W. H. M. U. 75.00 Wellington. Edward West 20.00

INDIANA, 50c.

Frankfort. —— .50

ILLINOIS, $2,174.72.

Bondville. Mrs. E. W. Goodnow 5.00 Chebanse. "A Friend," for Woman's Work 3.00 Chicago. Hon. E. W. Blatchford, for Atlanta U. 300.00 Chicago. U. P. Cong. Ch., 158.44; "A Friend," 10 168.44 Chicago. Ladies' Aid Soc. of Plym. Cong. Ch., for Missionary, Fort Sully, Dak. 50.00 Chicago. Ladies' Soc. New Eng. Cong. Ch., for Missionary, Mobile, Ala. 35.00 Earlville. "J. A. D." 100.00 Evanston. Ladies of Cong. Ch., for Miss'y, Austin, Texas 30.00 Galva. By Miss Lizzy Boynton, 56; Woman's Miss'y Soc., 29.20, for Student Aid, Talladega C. 85.20 Galva. Cong. Ch. 13.77 Hamilton. Mrs. L. H. Safford, 2.50; Mrs. S. J. Cate, 1.25; Miss A. L. Safford, 1.25 5.00 Harvard. Cong. Sab. Sch. 3.25 Hinsdale. Cong. Sab. Sch. 10.00 Lockport. First Cong. Ch. 6.00 Mendon. Mrs. J. Fowler, for Little Rock, Ark., and to const. JOHN BORTZ, HENRY WYATT and HENRY COCHRAN L. M's 100.00 Oak Park. First Cong. Ch. 129.04 Paris. C. V. Newton 1.50 Payson. Cong. Ch. 15.00 Payson. Miss Faith Ann Spencer (blind), 50 cushions and 2 shoe bags, for students' rooms. Princeton. Cong. Ch., 42.29; Mrs. P. B. Corss, 12 54.29 Rockford. Lewis S. Swezey 1,000.00 Sparta. Bryce Crawford, 5; P. B. Gault, 2; R. Hood, 1; J. Hood, 1; J. Alexander, 1 10.00 Udina. Cong. Ch. 9.78 Wilmette. Cong. Ch. 40.45

MICHIGAN, $336.73.

Alamo. Julius Hackley 20.00 Benzonia. Cong. Ch., 44.92, to const. REV. C. W. CARRICK L. M.; Joseph S. Fisher, 10 54.92 Detroit. First Cong. Ch., Philo Parsons, 10; Miss M. L. Miller, 10; Mrs. J. K. Burnham, 5; C. I. Walker, 5, for Straight U., by Mrs. A. McDougall 30.00 Flint. "Friends," Bbl. of C., for Fisk U. Hancock. Cong. Ch. 120.29 Hancock. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., First Cong. Ch., for Student Aid, Talladega C. 25.00 Hudson. First Cong. Ch. 13.50 Lansing. Mrs. M. B. Kinsley, for Kittrell, N. C. 2.00 Ludington. Cong. Ch. 30.00 Port Huron. First Cong. Ch., for Straight U., by Mrs. A. McDougall 23.02 Saint Clair. Collection, by Mrs. A. McDougall, for Straight U. 18.00

IOWA, $329.09.

Anamosa. Woman's Freedmen's Soc. First Cong. Ch., for Straight U. 20.00 Cedar Rapids. Mrs. R. D. Stephens, for Student Aid, Straight U. 110.00 Dubuque. Young People's Benev. Soc., for Student Aid, Talladega C. 25.00 Garwin. Talmon Dewey 2.50 Glenwood. Cong. Ch. 24.15 Hampton. Cong. Ch. 5.49 Miles. By Mrs. S. A. Green, Treas. 8.00 New Hampton. Cong. Ch. 5.20 Osage. Cong. Ch. Miss'y Soc. 7.50 Ottumwa. Second Cong. Ch. .60 Winthrop. Cong. Sab. Sch. 3.75 Ladies of Iowa, by Mrs. Geo. W. Reynolds, for Missionary, New Orleans, La.—Algona, 1.70.—Grinnell, 3.50.—Iowa City, 22.50.—Lyons, 10.—Maquoketa, 10.—Marion, 6.25.—Mason City, 3.—Mitchell, 5.—Stacyville, 4.30. Stuart, 50c 66.75 Ladies of Iowa, by Ella E. Marsh, for Missionary, New Orleans, La.—Ames, 5.70.—Fairfield, 8.25.—Marshalltown, 5.—Oskaloosa, 18.—Red Oak, 5.—Rock Rapids, 5.—Toledo, 3.20 50.15

WISCONSIN, $195.21.

Appleton. First Cong. Ch. 42.70 Arena. Ladies' Soc. of Cong. Ch., for Missionary, Austin, Tex. 1.77 Eau Claire. "Cheerful Givers," Cong. Ch. 18.80 Fort Atkinson. Mrs. C. B. Snell 10.00 Fulton. Cong. Ch. Sab. Sch. 7.50 Green Bay. Ladies' Soc. of Presb. Ch., for Missionary, Austin, Tex. 20.00 Milwaukee. Young Ladies' Bible Class, Grand Ave. Cong. Ch., for Missionary, Austin, Tex. 15.00 River Falls. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., by Miss Calista Andrews, for Share 20.00 Stevens Point. Mrs. Faith H. Montague, for Missionary, Austin, Tex. 5.00 Watertown. Cong. Ch. 8.69 Waukesha. First Cong. Ch. 24.00 West Salem. Cong. Ch. 12.70 West Salem. Ladies' Soc. Cong. Ch., for Missionary, Austin, Tex. 9.05

MINNESOTA, $107.58.

Austin. Mrs. S. C. Bacon 10.00 Fergus Falls. Cong. Ch. 7.00 Minneapolis. Plymouth Ch., 27.70; "The Open Door Ch.," 13.10; and Sab. Sch., 3.78; Vine Cong. Ch., 6 50.58 Northfield. Woman's Miss'y Soc., by Myra A. Jeftes, for Two Shares 40.00

KANSAS, $7.28.

Topeka. Tuition 7.28

COLORADO, $37.66.

Colorado Springs. Cong. Ch. 37.66

DAKOTA, $11.56.

Huron. Woman's Miss'y Soc., for Indian M., Santee Agency, Neb. 2.00 Yankton. Woman's Miss'y Soc., for Indian M. 9.56

CALIFORNIA, $12.00.

National City. Theron Parsons 10.00 San Diego. Fanny E. Fish 2.00

OREGON, $2.50.

Astoria. First Cong. Ch. 2.50

WASHINGTON TERRITORY, $6.70.

Tacoma. First Cong. Ch. 6.70

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, $120.00.

Washington. "A Friend," for Howard U. 100.00 Washington. Lincoln Mem. Ch. 10; L. M. Sab. Sch. and Woman's Miss'y Soc. for Indian M., 10 20.00

KENTUCKY, $125.10

Lexington. Tuition, 56.48; Rent, 4.62 61.10 Williamsburg. Tuition 64.00

TENNESSEE, $687.47.

Grandview. Tuition 34.15 Jellico. Tuition 18.00 Knoxville. Cong. Ch. 12.00 Memphis. Tuition 212.30 Nashville. Tuition, 366.33; Jackson St. Cong. Ch., 5 371.33 Pleasant Hill. Tuition 20.26 Pomona. Tuition, 14.43; Cong. Ch., 5. 19.43

NORTH CAROLINA, $261.58.

Hillsborough. Tuition 6.05 Kittrell. Tuition 30.18 Wilmington. Tuition, 207.10; Cong. Ch., 10; By Miss Warner, 3.50; By Miss Vinton, 1.75; By Miss Fitts, 1; By Miss Thayer, 1; By Miss Farrington, 1 225.35

SOUTH CAROLINA, $353.00.

Charleston. Tuition, 288; Prof. W. M. Bristoll, 50; Cong. Ch., 15 353.00

GEORGIA, $616.62.

Atlanta. Storrs Sch., Tuition 251.19 Macon. Tuition, 158.86; Rent, 4; Cong. Ch., 10 172.86 McIntosh. Tuition 17.67 McIntosh. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., for Indian M., Fort Berthold, Dak. 5.00 Savannah. Tuition, 138; Rev. Dana Sherrill, 25; First Cong. Ch., 6.90 169.90

ALABAMA, $428.33.

Anniston. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., for Indian M. 4.00 Athens. Tuition, 115.10; Trinity Sch., proceeds of Concert, 18.65 133.75 Marion. Cong. Ch., 10.35; Rev. and Mrs. A. W. Curtiss, 7.33 17.68 Mobile. Tuition 153.00 Montgomery. Cong. Ch. 15.00 Selma. Cong. Ch. 18.20 Talladega. Tuition, 83.70; Primary Room, Talladega C., by Mrs. Mary P. Bloss, 1 84.70 Talladega. Henry Parsons, for Student Aid Talladega C. 2.00

MISSISSIPPI, $42.20.

Tougaloo. REV. WM. N. THRALL, 30, to const. himself L. M.; Tuition, 12.20 42.20

LOUISIANA, $511.00.

New Orleans. Tuition, 506; Ladies' Miss'y Soc., Central Ch., 5 511.00

TEXAS, $234.85.

Austin. Tuition 228.00 Austin. Ladies' Miss. Soc., 4.70; Mission Sab. Sch., 2.15, for Indian M., Fort Berthold, Dak. 6.85

INCOMES, $2,056.25.

Avery Fund, for Mendi M. 300.00 De Forest Fund, for Pres. Chair, Talladega C. 375.00 Graves Scholarship Fund, for Talladega C. 125.00 Haley Scholarship Fund, for Fisk U. 50.00 Hammond Fund, for Straight U. 125.00 Hastings School Fund, for Atlanta U. 6.25 Howard Theo. Fund, for Howard U. 725.00 Le Moyne Fund, for Memphis, Tenn. 175.00 Tuthill King Fund, 125 for Atlanta U.; 50 for Berea C. 175.00

ENGLAND, $30.00.

London. Mrs. Luty, 25; "A Friend," 5, by J. F. Louden, for Student Aid, Fisk U. 30.00 —————- Total for June $18,199.48 Total from Oct. 1 to June 30 176,956.65 ===========

FOR THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY.

Subscriptions for June $42.15 Previously acknowledged 1,119.08 ————- Total $1,161.23 =========

H. W. HUBBARD, Treas., 56 Reade St., N. Y.

* * * * *

LUNDBORG'S PERFUMES.

Lundborg's Perfume, Edenia. Lundborg's Perfume, Marechal Niel Rose. Lundborg's Perfume, Alpine Violet. Lundborg's Perfume, Lily of the Valley.

LUNDBORG'S RHENISH COLOGNE.

A box containing Samples of all the above five articles prepaid to your nearest Railroad Express Office (which should be named) for Fifty Cents—Money Order, Stamps or Currency.

Address: YOUNG, LADD & COFFIN, 24 Barclay St., New York.

* * * * *



HORSFORD'S

ACID PHOSPHATE.

(LIQUID.)

FOR DYSPEPSIA, MENTAL AND PHYSICAL EXHAUSTION, NERVOUSNESS, DIMINISHED VITALITY, URINARY DIFFICULTIES, ETC.

PREPARED ACCORDING TO THE DIRECTION OF Prof. E. N. Horsford, of Cambridge, Mass.

There seems to be no difference of opinion in high medical authority of the value of phosphoric acid, and no preparation has ever been offered to the public which seems to so happily meet the general want as this.

It is not nauseous, but agreeable to the taste.

No danger can attend its use.

Its action will harmonize with such stimulants as are necessary to take.

It makes a delicious drink with water and sugar only.

Prices reasonable. Pamphlet giving further particulars mailed free on application.

MANUFACTURED BY THE RUMFORD CHEMICAL WORKS, Providence, R. I., AND FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS.

* * * * *

BRADFORD ACADEMY,

AN INSTITUTION FOR THE HIGHER EDUCATION OF YOUNG WOMEN.

BRADFORD, MASS. INCORPORATED 1804.



CALENDAR.

The year 1884-85 closes with public anniversary, June 17, 1885.

THE YEAR 1885-86.

First Term opens, Tuesday, September 8, 1885. Second Term opens, Tuesday, December 8, 1885. Third Term opens, Tuesday, March 23, 1886.

First Term closes, Wednesday, December 2, 1885. Second Term closes, Friday, March 5, 1886. Third Term closes, Wednesday, June 23, 1886.

Recess at Christmas time.

The academic year closes on the last Wednesday but one in June, and consists of three terms.

The year 1885-86 will commence on the second Tuesday in September.



EXPENSES.

BOARD, including washing, fuel and lights. First Term $80.00 Second Term 90.00 Third Term 90.00

TUITION, including English branches, Latin and French, Greek or German, and Vocal Music in Classes ($20 per term), for the year 60.00 ———- Total expenses for the year $320.00

Special terms to daughters of Missionaries and Clergymen.

No extras except the following:—

TUITION IN MUSIC AND ART: Instruction on Piano, per term, $20.00 to $40.00. Use of Piano one hour a day, per term, $3.00. Instruction in Art, including Linear and Perspective Drawing, and Painting, according to the ability of the pupil, per term, $16.00.

Application may be made to MISS ANNIE E. JOHNSON, Principal. In case of failure after an engagement has been made, information should be given immediately. Inquiries in regard to expenses may be made of

J. D. KINGSBURY, TREASURER.

THE END

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