The American Missionary
VOL. LII. No. 1.
REMOVAL—THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY, NOW A QUARTERLY—LIST OF FIELD WORKERS, 1 OUR INDUSTRIAL WORK, 2 BOTH ARE RIGHT, 3 FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES—CHINA AND THE CHINESE—ALASKA, 4
OUR FIELD WORKERS, 5 TEACHERS' RESIDENCES, 27
BLESSED SEASON—ORANGE PARK, FLA., 32 CONG'L CHURCH, ATLANTA, GA., 33 COLORED MINISTERS OF BLACK BELT, ALA., 35
DEA. SAMUEL HOLMES, 38 MISS MARY E. McLANE, 39 MISS ANNA COFFIN, 39
JUBILEE SHARES, 54
WOMAN'S STATE ORGANIZATIONS, 55
PUBLISHED QUARTERLY BY THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION,
THE CONGREGATIONAL ROOMS,
FOURTH AVENUE AND TWENTY-SECOND STREET, NEW YORK.
Price, 50 Cents a Year in advance.
Entered at the Post Office at New York, N. Y., as Second-Class mail matter.
American Missionary Association.
Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York City.
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PRESIDENT, MERRILL E. GATES, LL.D., MASS.
Rev. F. A. NOBLE, D.D., Ill. Rev. ALEX. McKENZIE, D.D., Mass. Rev. HENRY HOPKINS, D.D., Mo. Rev. HENRY A. STIMSON, D.D., N. Y. Rev. WASHINGTON GLADDEN, D.D., Ohio.
Honorary Secretary and Editor.
Rev. M. E. STRIEBY, D.D.
Rev. A. F. BEARD, D.D. Rev. F. P. WOODBURY, D.D. Rev. C. J. RYDER, D.D.
Rev. M. E. STRIEBY, D.D.
H. W. HUBBARD, Esq.
D. C. TIEBOUT. CHARLES NEWTON SCHENCK.
CHARLES L. MEAD, Chairman. CHARLES A. HULL, Secretary.
For Three Years.
WILLIAM HAYES WARD, JAMES W. COOPER, LUCIEN C. WARNER, CHARLES P. PEIRCE, LEWELLYN PRATT,
For Two Years.
CHARLES A. HULL, ALBERT J. LYMAN, NEHEMIAH BOYNTON, A. J. F. BEHRENDS, EDWARD S. TEAD,
For One Year.
SAMUEL S. MARPLES, CHARLES L. MEAD, ELIJAH HORR, FRANK M. BROOKS, CHARLES S. OLCUTT.
Rev. GEO. H. GUTTERSON, 21 Cong'l House, Boston, Mass. Rev. JOS. E. ROY, D.D., 153 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ill.
Secretary of Woman's Bureau.
MISS D. E. EMERSON.
Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the Corresponding Secretaries; letters for "THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY," to the Editor, at the New York Office; letters relating to the finances, to the Treasurer; letters relating to woman's work, to the Secretary of the Woman's Bureau.
DONATIONS AND SUBSCRIPTIONS
In drafts, checks, registered letters, or post-office orders, may be sent to H. W. Hubbard, Treasurer, Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York; or, when more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21 Congregational House, Boston, Mass., or 153 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ill. A payment of thirty dollars constitutes a Life Member.
NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.—The date on the "address label" indicates the time to which the subscription is paid. Changes are made in date on label to the tenth of the month. If payment of subscription be made afterward the change on the label will appear on the next number. Please send early notice of change in post-office address, giving the former address and the new address, in order that our periodicals and occasional papers may be correctly mailed.
FORM OF A BEQUEST.
"I GIVE AND BEQUEATH the sum of —— dollars to the 'American Missionary Association,' incorporated by act of the Legislature of the State of New York." The will should be attested by three witnesses.
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THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY.
VOL. LII. MARCH, 1898. NO. 1.
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The office of the American Missionary Association has been removed from the Bible House to the Congregational Rooms, Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York City.
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THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY, NOW A QUARTERLY.
Some of our friends write us, saying that they do not receive the "American Missionary" regularly. Perhaps these friends have not noticed the announcement that our magazine is now a quarterly and not a monthly. The last number was issued December, 1897, and this number will appear March, 1898.
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LIST OF FIELD WORKERS.
We publish in this number of the magazine the annual list of our Field Workers. We take pleasure in presenting this list, believing that it will be valued, not only by the friends of these faithful workers, but by many others who will be glad to trace their names and locations. Our workers have been epoch makers. They entered upon the work during the first year of the war and followed the advance of the Union armies, and when at length the slaves became freemen, these teachers and preachers were their guides in the paths of industry, knowledge and piety. The work was opportune, for it needed a strong influence to direct their uncertain steps in the new life that broke so strangely upon them. Many of these workers have devoted well-nigh their active life to this work, and gray hairs are adorning the temples of some who entered the service in their early and vigorous youth. Their achievements are the ample reward for their self-denying and useful labors and are found in neat homes, family purity, skilled industry in shop and on farm, in well-prepared teachers and in educated and pious ministers of the gospel. Their work is multiplied by the successful toil of hundreds and perhaps thousands who have been trained by them. May God bless these workers and the peoples among whom they toil—the Emancipated Slaves, the Indians on our Western border, the Highlanders on our Southern mountains, the Chinese on the Pacific Coast, and the heroic family in far-off Alaska.
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OUR INDUSTRIAL WORK.
The American Missionary Association was a pioneer in introducing industrial training and work among the freedmen of the South. In May, 1867, the Association purchased a tract of land on which the buildings at Hampton, Va., are now located, and agricultural and industrial pursuits were immediately inaugurated. In 1872 a charter was obtained and the property was turned over by the Association to a Board of Trustees, and Gen. Armstrong, with his remarkable enthusiasm and administrative skill, pushed the institution forward in its marvelous career.
At Talladega, Ala., in 1867, the Association purchased a large building, with forty acres of land attached, and the young men were set to tilling the soil under systematic training. In 1877 the Winsted Farm, of 160 acres, was secured, and ten years later the Newton Farm was added, the whole tract now containing 270 acres. On this large farm is carried forward every variety of agricultural industry in the preparation of the soil, in drainage and irrigation, rotation of crops and the raising of stock. An institute for farmers of the county is statedly held under the College auspices, and annual meetings of several days' length are conducted in three or four of the counties of the State. The varied industries of the shop are kept up with the home industries of cooking, laundry, sewing and nursing. A printing office publishes a little monthly which is very creditably printed. Similar periodicals are published in nearly all our large institutions.
At Tougaloo, Miss., the Association purchased 500 acres of land in 1869 and subsequently added another tract, until now the whole domain embraces 650 acres. A great feature of the institution is its industrial work. Here has been developed the full range of farming industries, stock raising and the cultivation of the various crops adapted to the soil, together with shops for mechanical work, embracing carpentry, blacksmithing, wheelwrighting, steam-sawing, sewing and other branches of domestic economy. Strawberries are raised and shipped to the Chicago market.
Our normal schools at Memphis, Tenn., Macon, Ga., and Williamsburg, Ky., have carpentry, printing and other industrial training for young men, and training in the various arts of home life for the young women. At Wilmington, Savannah, Thomasville, Athens, Marion, Mobile, Pleasant Hill and other normal, graded and common schools, the young women are trained in all things needed in making comfortable and pleasant homes.
In our Indian schools industries are taught and practiced. At the Santee Agency a tract of nearly 500 acres gives room that is well used for farming and stock-raising, and well-arranged shops give employment in carpentry, blacksmithing and printing and other avocations. The "Word Carrier," a monthly publication, is not surpassed in neatness of printing by any paper that comes to this office. In other Indian schools various industries are taught, especially those that relate to the care and improvement of homes.
As evidence that this industrial work is pushed forward, we may mention that in our most recently established school in the South, that at Enfield, N. C., the farm of more than a thousand acres of land (the gift of a generous Christian lady of Brooklyn, N. Y.), a large portion of which is under cultivation, gives ample employment to the student. Cotton, corn, potatoes, and the products of the field, the garden and the orchard are cultivated, while in the shops the boys are taught in blacksmithing and in carpentry, and the girls in the various kinds of domestic work, sewing, cooking and housework.
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BOTH ARE RIGHT.
Mr. Booker T. Washington has written two very able articles in The Independent, setting forth the supreme importance of industrial training and work among the colored people of the South. On the other hand, Dr. T. J. Morgan, Secretary of the Baptist Home Missionary Society, has published in the same paper a carefully prepared article, emphasizing the absolute necessity of the higher education of the leaders of that people. Both these writers are correct. No people can rise unless they have the guidance and inspiration of highly educated ministers, teachers, thinkers and writers, and no people can rise if its masses are idle and unthrifty. The American Missionary Association aims, in its great work, to give due and impartial importance to both aspects of this great problem.
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THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES.
A peculiar history is that of the five civilized tribes of Indians. It was supposed for a time that they had given the brightest example of the success of the Indian on his reservation. These tribes had forms of government modeled after that of the States. They had governors, legislators, and judges, schools and churches. Many of the members were highly educated. But the outcome has been a failure. The laws are inadequately administered, and crime has been rampant and unpunished. But now the general Government has taken the one decisive and initial step in the matter by directing that the United States courts should have civil and criminal jurisdiction over all cases arising in the Indian Territory, irrespective of race. Thus the wedge has entered, and the reservation system and the dream of Indian autonomy—an empire within an empire—will happily soon be a thing of the past.
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CHINA AND THE CHINESE IN AMERICA.
China, with her vast population, has stood almost unmoved for thousands of years. But now disintegration threatens, and the nations of Europe may yet divide that great country among themselves, and a new world may arise. In such a change, the influence of Christianity must be a vital force, to guide and strengthen.
The coming of the children of China to our Western coast may be a providential element in this change and the importance of the work of the Association among these peoples on our Pacific Coast, so ready to learn, and many of them so ready to return to their native land as missionaries, may be a very significant factor in the future.
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In 1847, California was almost as little known and valued as Alaska was last year. But the discovery of gold in Sutton's mill-race changed the whole aspect of affairs in California, and it is now a State with a large and thrifty population, and its western shore is connected with the Atlantic seaboard by railroads, towns and cities. The discovery of gold made the change. The recent discoveries on the Yukon River in Alaska are sending hundreds and thousands of people thither, and while Alaska may never become a California in population, yet a wonderful change is taking place, the end of which no one can predict. But the native population of that distant land must not be neglected nor crushed under the pressure of hordes of gold hunters. The work at our mission station at Cape Prince of Wales should be enlarged and made more effective.
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American Missionary Association,
Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York.
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The following list gives the names of those who are in the work of the Churches, Institutions and Schools of the American Missionary Association.
REV. GEO. W. MOORE, Field Missionary. MR. O. R. BROWN, Builder. MR. GILBERT WALTON, General Mountain Missionary.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT, HOWARD UNIVERSITY.
Rev. J. E. Rankin, D.D., LL.D. " John L. Ewell, D.D., " Isaac Clark, D.D., " S. N. Brown, A.M., B.D., " George O. Little, D.D., " George S. Duncan, Ph.D., " W. H. Brooks, D.D., Rev. J. G. Butler, D.D., " T. S. Hamlin, D.D., " S. M. Newman, D.D., Right Rev. H. Y. Satterlee, D.D., Prof. R. B. Warder, A.M., B.S., Prof. William J. Stephens., Rev. Charles H. Butler, A.M., Prof. George J. Cummings, A.M.
LINCOLN MEMORIAL CHURCH.
Minister, Rev. Albert P. Miller, Washington, D. C.
Minister, Rev. A. C. Garner, Washington, D. C.
PEOPLE'S CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH.
Minister, Rev. J. H. Dailey, Washington, D. C.
TEMPLE PARK CHURCH.
Minister, Rev. S. N. Brown, Washington, D. C.
GLOUCESTER HIGH AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL.
Principal, Prof. W. B. Weaver, Cappahosic, Va.
Teachers, Mr. W. G. Price, Priddy's, Va. Mr. D. D. Weaver, Cappahosic, Va. Mrs. E. Sprague Weaver, Cappahosic, Va. Miss Carrie E. Steele, Charleston, S. C. Mr. R. L. White, Cappahosic, Va. Miss Ada Baytop, Ark, Va.
Minister, Rev. J. S. Jackson, Lexington, Ky.
CHANDLER NORMAL SCHOOL (351 North Broadway).
Principal, Miss Fanny J. Webster, Pasadena, Cal.
Teachers, Miss Mary J. Kuhn, New Wilm'gton, Pa. " Nellie D. Sheldon, Seattle, Wash. " Clara Phillips, Oswego, N.Y. Miss Mary H. Ewans, Bellefontaine, O. " Eva D. Bowles, Columbus, Miss. " Clara E. Noble, Coburg, Ind. Miss Mary S. Larkin, Tougaloo, Miss.
Minister, Rev. E. G. Harris, Washington, D. C.
KENTUCKY MOUNTAIN WORK.
Minister, Rev. W. G. Olinger, Williamsburg, Ky.
Principal, Prof. Chas. M. Stevens, Williamsburg, Ky.
Teachers, Mr. C. C. Greene, Williamsburg, Ky. Miss Ella M. Andrews, Frankfort, Mich. " Amelia Packard, Brooklyn, N. Y. " Ulellah N. Smith, Chicago, Ill. Mrs. C. M. Stevens, Williamsburg, Ky. Miss Julia B. Glines, Horsehead, N. Y. " Minnie Ferree, Harriman, Tenn. " Amelia L. Ferris, Oneida, Ill.
ROCKHOLD, CORBIN, WOODBINE AND PLEASANT VIEW.
Minister and Teacher, Rev. C. W. Greene, Corbin, Ky.
CLOVER BOTTOM, GRAY-HAWK, COMBS AND MIDDLE FORK.
Minister, Rev. Mason Jones, Combs, Ky.
CARPENTER, MARSH CREEK, LICK CREEK AND SANDERS CREEK.
Minister, Rev. Samuel Sutton, Williamsburg, Ky.
Minister, —— ——
MORGAN AND WOLFE COUNTY MISSIONS.
CAMPTON, TOLIVER AND SPRADLING.
Minister, Rev. J. W. Doane, Campton, Ky.
BLACK MOUNTAIN (P. O., EVARTS).
Minister, Mr. E. Frank Dizney, Evarts, Ky.
BLACK MOUNTAIN ACADEMY.
Principal, Prof. E. Frank Dizney, Evarts, Ky.
Teachers, Mrs. E. F. Dizney, Evarts, Ky. Mr. William Turner, Evarts, Ky.
Minister, Rev. Charles W. Dunn, A.M., B.D., Nashville, Tenn.
President, Rev. E. M. Cravath, D.D., Nashville, Tenn.
Teachers, Rev. A. K. Spence, A.M., Nashville. Prof. F. A. Chase, A.M., " Rev. E. C. Stickel, A.M., " " E. Harris, A.M., B.D., " Miss Anna T. Ballantine, " " Mary A. Bye, B.S., Minneapolis. " J. Beard, B.A., Andover, Mass. Mrs. L. D. Pinney, N. Bloomfield, O. Miss Nellie F. Comings, B.S., St. Paul. " Anna N. Carey, Oberlin, O. " Jennie A. Robinson, Nashville. Mrs. Luretta C. Stickel, B.L., " Miss M. Chapman, Independence, Iowa. Mrs. Kate J. Crane, Danville, Ill. Prof. Helen C. Morgan, A.M., Nashville. " H. H. Wright, A.M., " " O. W. Dunn, A.M., B.D., " W. G. Waterman, B.A., Southport, Ct. Miss D. A. Scribner, B.A., Gossville, N. H. " A. M. Garsden, Westmoreland, N.Y. " D. M. Jones, B.S., Sp'g Valley, Minn. " M. B. Koehler, B.L., Penn Yan, N. Y. " Carrie B. Chamberlin, Sharon, Vt. Mrs. Lucy R. Greene, Amherst, Mass. Miss Mary E. Chamberlin, Nashville. " Alice M. Grass, Bryan, O. " Frances L. Yeomans, Danville, Ill. " E.L. Parsons, A.B., Le Roy, N.Y. Miss Susan A. Cooley, Bavaria, Kan.
NASHVILLE (HOWARD CHURCH).
Minister, Rev. James Bond, Nashville, Tenn.
NASHVILLE (THIRD CHURCH, JACKSON STREET).
Minister, Rev. A. K. Spence, Nashville, Tenn.
Minister, (Supplied from Fisk Theological Seminary.)
Minister, Rev. Geo. M. McClelland,[A] Memphis, Tenn.
LE MOYNE INSTITUTE (294 Orleans St.).
Principal, Prof. Andrew J. Steele, A.M., Whitewater, Wis.
Teachers, Miss Mary E. Brereton, Acorn, Wis. Miss L. Waring, Kalamazoo, Mich. Miss C. S. Goldsmith, Chester, N. H. Miss Margaret E. Reed, Princeton, Ill. Mrs. M. L. Jenkins, Chautauqua, N. Y. Miss C. E. Lewis, Memphis, Tenn. Miss Charlotte Rivers, Memphis, Tenn. Miss M. L. Townsend, Cedar Falls, Ia. Miss M. Mitchell, Breckenridge, Mich. Miss L. A. G. Forbes, Chicopee F., Mass. Miss Louise Stone, Le Roy, N. Y. Miss Flora E. Persons, Oberlin, O. Miss Mary E. Johnson, Memphis, Tenn. Mr. Will C. Scott, Birmingham, Ala.
Minister, Rev. R. D. Jennings, Knoxville, Tenn.
SLATER TRAINING SCHOOL (606 Payne St.).
Principal, Miss Ida F. Hubbard, Ascutneyville, Vt.
Teachers, Mrs. M. L. Crosthwait, Knoxville, Tenn. Miss Belle S. Burr, Goderich, Ont., Can. Miss Minnie M. Gates, Phoenix, N. Y. Miss Belle A. Murphy, Knoxville, Tenn. Miss Lena H. Kalbfleisch, Gettysburg, Pa.
Minister, —— ——
Minister, Rev. J. E. Smith,[A] Chattanooga, Tenn.
TENNESSEE MOUNTAIN WORK.
Minister and Instructor in Biblical Department, Rev. G. W. Wright, Oberlin, O.
GRAND VIEW NORMAL INSTITUTE.
Principal, Rev. G. W. Wright, A.M., B.D., Oberlin, O.
Teachers, Miss L. J. Franklin, Grandview, Tenn. Miss Mary E. Taylor, " " Miss Mary L. Jewett, Grandview, Tenn. Miss Mabel Franklin, " " Miss Florence E. Hunnewell, Olivet, Mich.
Minister, Rev. Warren E. Wheeler, Richfield, Ohio.
PLEASANT HILL ACADEMY.
Principal, Rev. Warren E. Wheeler, Richfield, Ohio.
Teachers, Mrs. Kate L. Wheeler, Richfield, O. Miss F. A. Jackson, Hudsonburg, Tenn. " E. F. Dodge, Pleasant Hill, Tenn. Miss Flora M. Crane, Middlebury, Vt. " E. Josephine Orton, Berrycreek, Cal. " F. M. Russell, Union City, Mich. Mr. Charles R. Blanks, Pine Bluff, Tenn.
BIG CREEK GAP.
Minister, Rev. W. G. Olinger, Williamsburg, Ky.
Teachers, Miss Kate C. La Grange, Albany. N. Y. Mr. C. Rutherford, La Folette, Tenn. Miss J. B. Olinger, Williamsburg, Ky. Mr. John Deloss, Jacksboro, Tenn. Miss Attie Denny, La Folette, Tenn. Mr. R. B. Winkler, " "
JELLICO AND PROCTOR.
Minister, Rev. George H. Post, Jellico, Tenn.
Minister, —— ——
POMONA, CROSSVILLE AND LANTANA.
Minister, Rev. H. E. Partridge, Pomona, Tenn.
Minister, Rev. A. A. Myers, Cumberland Gap, Tenn.
TRACY CITY AND MONT EAGLE.
Minister, Mrs. M. J. Smith, Tracy City, Tenn.
HEATHERLY CHAPEL AND STRUNK'S LANE.
Minister, Rev. Samuel Sutton, Williamsburg, Ky.
DEER LODGE, RUGBY AND PIONEER.
Minister, Rev. George Lusty, Deer Lodge, Tenn.
GLEN MARY, HELENWOOD, ROBBINS, MILL CREEK, MOSSY GROVE AND WOLF CREEK.
Minister, Rev. M. N. Sumner, Mill Creek, Tenn.
MILL CREEK SCHOOL.
Teacher, Mr. M. Hawn, Lansing, Tenn.
BON AIR AND ROCK HOUSE.
Minister, Rev. E. N. Goff, Bon Air, Tenn.
Teacher, —— ——
Minister, Rev. A. K. Spence, Nashville, Tenn.
Minister, —— ——
JOS. K. BRICK AGRICULTURAL, INDUSTRIAL AND NORMAL SCHOOL.
Principal, Prof. T. S. Inborden, A.B., Oberlin, O.
Teachers, Mr. L. J. Watkins, A.B., Nashville, Tenn. Mrs. Alice L. Davis, Oberlin, O. Miss K. C. Dowdell, Nashville, Tenn. " Jennetta N. Keeble, " " Mr. Isadore Martin, Charleston, S. C.
ALL HEALING (KING'S MOUNTAIN P. O.).
Principal, Miss Lillian S. Cathcart, Minneapolis, Minn.
Teachers, Miss May E. Newton, Springfield, Mo. " Susie T. Cathcart, Tangerine, Fla. " I. M. Caughey, N. Kingsville, O. Miss L. A. Dickinson, A.B., North Amherst, Mass. " Carrie W. Parrott, Orange Park, Fla. Miss Bertha W. Keyes, Oberlin, O.
LINCOLN ACADEMY CHURCH. Lay Pastor, Miss L. S. Cathcart, Minneapolis, Minn.
Minister, Rev. F. G. Ragland, Wilmington, N. C.
GREGORY NORMAL INSTITUTE (613 Nun Street).
Principal, Prof. Geo. A. Woodard, Southern Pines, N. C.
Teachers, Miss Susan M. Marsh, Springfield, Mass. " Cora L. Moore, Northfield, " " Julia P. Seymour, Rootstown, O. " Alice J. Slanker, Stanton, Mich. " G. M. Houghton, Syracuse, N. Y. Miss Minnie T. Strout, Salem, Mass. " Katherine E. Hoag, Saginaw, Mich. " Lena Walbridge, Mystic, Que., Can. " Hester A. Washburn, Delevan, Wis. Mrs. Lucy M. Mellen, Oberlin, O.
Minister, Rev. W. D. Newkirk, Beaufort, N. C.
Principal, Prof. B. D. Rowlee, East Woodstock, Ct.
Teachers, Mrs. Julia Rowlee, E. Woodstock, Ct. Mrs. Emma C. Newkirk, Beaufort, N. C. Mr. Fernie B. Whittington, Beaufort, N. C.
Minister and Teachers, Rev. Paul L. LaCour, Chapel Hill, N. C. Mrs. Paul L. LaCour, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Teachers, Miss Bessie O. Bechan, Toronto, Can. Miss Julia H. Curtis, Syracuse, N. Y.
Minister and General Missionary, Rev. A. W. Curtis, D.D., Raleigh, N. C.
OAKS, CEDAR CLIFF AND MELVILLE.
Minister and Missionary, Rev. Anthony Peden, Oaks, N. C.
Teacher at Cedar Cliff, Mr. Wm. R. Hall, Raleigh, N. C.
Minister, Rev. M. L. Baldwin (1st and 2d Churches.), McLeansville, N. C.
Teacher at McLeansville (1st Church), Mrs. M. L. Baldwin, McLeansville, N. C.
Teacher at McLeansville (2d Church), Miss Dulcina Torrence, McLeansville, N. C.
GREENSBORO AND BROWN'S SUMMIT.
Minister, Rev. S. S. Sevier, Greensboro, N. C.
Teacher at Brown's Summit, Miss Maud M. Washburn, Brown's Summit, N. C.
HIGH POINT AND ASHBORO.
Minister, Rev. J. P. Sims, High Point, N. C.
STRIEBY AND SALEM.
Minister, Rev. H. Dillard, Strieby, N. C.
Teacher, Mr. J. J. Clemmons, Jr., Navassa, N. C.
Minister and Teacher, Rev. R. B. Johns, Dudley, N. C. Mrs. R. B. Johns, Dudley, N. C.
TROY, CANDOR AND DRY CREEK.
Minister, Rev. O. Faduma, Troy, N. C.
Teachers at Troy, Mrs. O. Faduma, Troy, N. C. Mrs. J. H. Artope, Troy, N. C.
Teacher at Candor, Mrs. J. H. Artope, Troy, N. C.
Teacher at Nalls, Mr. J. W. Baldwin, Nalls, N. C.
LITTLE'S MILLS, MALEE AND PEKIN.
Minister, Rev. Z. Simmons, Malee, N. C.
HAYWOOD, DOUGLASS, BROADWAY, EGYPT, LOCKVILLE, MORVAL, AND CEDAR CREEK.
Minister, Rev. J. E. McNeill, Moncure, N. C.
Minister, Rev. Calvin Lane, Lowell, N. C.
SANFORD AND CARTER'S MILLS.
Minister, Rev. E. W. Stratton, Sanford, N. C.
CHARLOTTE AND INDIAN TRAIL.
Minister, Rev. Geo. H. Haines, Charlotte, N. C.
Minister, Rev. S. A. McKay, Red Springs, N. C.
NORTH CAROLINA MOUNTAIN WORK.
Principal, Mrs. E. R. Dorsett, Oak Park, Ill.
Teachers, Mrs. Eva F. Leonard, Dunstable, Mass. Miss M. L. Douglas, Church, Mich. Mrs. Ellen M. Fisher, Sinclairville, N. Y.
Pioneer Evangelist, Rev. E. W. Hollies, Topeka, Kan.
Principal, Miss Fidelia Sheldon, Beverly, Mass.
Teachers, Miss Maude Summers, Cleveland, O. Miss Minnie A. Hollies, Topeka, Kan. Mrs. Sarah Hollies, Topeka, Kan.
Minister, Mr. M. E. Meriam, Whittier, N. C.
Teachers, Mr. M. E. Meriam, Whittier, N. C. Mr. J. Ulrich Gibbs, Whittier, N. C.
Minister, Rev. Geo. V. Clark, Charleston, S. C.
AVERY NORMAL INSTITUTE (57, 59 Bull Street).
Principal, Prof. Morrison A. Holmes, Lee, Mass.
Teachers, Miss Mattie M. Marsh, A.B., Bryan, O. " M. W. Bryant, A.B., Rogers, Ark. " E. W. Blake, B.L., Westf'd, Mass. Mr. L. G. Gregory, A.B., Charleston. Miss Mary L. Deas, Charleston, S. C. " Naomi P. Barnett, " " " Monomia R. Scott, " " Mrs. M. A. Holmes, Lee, Mass.
BREWER NORMAL SCHOOL.
Principal, Rev. J. M. Robinson, Detroit, Mich.
Teachers, Mrs. J. M. Robinson, Detroit, Mich. Miss Fannie E. Curtiss, Nevada, Ia. " Irene Sheldon, New Britain, Ct. " Emily R. Bishop, Keene, N. H. Miss Clara S. Boyd, Greenfield, O. " Helena C. Spees, Norfolk, Neb. " L. Mabel Grimes, Wayland, Mich. " L. C. Holman, Vincennes, Iowa.
COLUMBIA AND ARTHURS.
Minister, Rev. E. H. Wilson, Columbia, S. C.
Lay Preacher, Mr. Jefferson Myles, Lykesland, S. C.
NEWBERRY AND POMARIA.
Minister, Rev. John D. Moates, Newberry, S. C.
Minister, Rev. S. L. Jones, Winnsboro, S. C.
Minister, Rev. J. R. McLean, Macon, Ga.
BALLARD NORMAL SCHOOL (806 Pine Street)
Principal, Prof. George C. Burrage, Ph.B., Weston, Mass.
Teachers, Miss Alma C. Childs, Ann Arbor, Mich; " W. E. Graffam, A.B., Andover, Mass. " Ellen B. Scobie, Everett, Ohio. " Alice M. Gage, Boxford, Mass. " Mary E. Van Deusen, Ashley Falls, Mass. " A. L. Thomson, New Haven, Ct. Miss Ella L. Cheney, Oberlin, Ohio. " G. Eugenie Pfeiffer, Hightst'n, N. J. " Leila H. Farlin, Ann Arbor, Mich. Mrs. Harriet N. Bye, Minneapolis, Minn. " Emma Obenaner, Detroit, Mich. Miss Priscilla Martin, Macon, Ga. Mrs. George C. Burrage, Weston, Mass.
Minister and Missionary, Rev. T. M. Nixon, Thomasville, Ga.
ALLEN NORMAL AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL.
Principal, Miss Amelia Merriam, Westboro, Mass.
Teachers, Miss M. B. Nicholson, Kalamazoo, Mich. " A. M. Slothower, Norfolk, Neb. Miss Clara Nesbit, Utica, Pa. " B. R. Parmenter, Rockford, Ia. Miss M. A. Kinney, Whitewater, Wis.
Minister, Rev. A. L. DeMond, McIntosh, Ga.
Principal, Prof. Fred. W. Foster, Castine, Me.
Teachers, Miss C. J. Knowlton, Creston, Ohio. " J. Curtis, Great Barr'gton, Mass. " Mary C. Parker, S. W. Harbor. Me. " Sara Carpenter, Buckingham, Pa. " M. A. Shepherd, Stanton, Mich. Miss Lizette Harger, Oberlin, Ohio. " Mary E. Miller, Elkhart, Ind. " Jessie M. Knowlton, Creston, Ohio. Mr. Richard Clemens, Standford, Ga. Miss S. Josephine Scott, Hamilton, Ohio. Mrs. Mary W. Foster, Castine, Me.
Minister, Rev. L. B. Maxwell,[A] Savannah, Ga.
BEACH INSTITUTE (516 Harris Street, East).
Principal, Miss Mertie L. Graham, A.B., E. St. Johnsbury, Vt.
Teachers, Miss Julia A. Condict, Adrian, Mich. " Anna R. Miner, Lyme, Conn. " Lucy E. Fairbanks, Woodstock, Vt. Miss Frances M. Carrier, Beloit, Wis. " Leone F. Lockwood, Utica, Mich. " Alice A. Chandler, Vineland, N. J.
FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH.[B]
Minister, Rev. H. H. Proctor, Atlanta, Ga.
STORRS SCHOOL (120 Houston Street).
Principal, Miss Ella E. Roper, Worcester, Mass.
Teachers, Miss C. M. Dox, Kalamazoo, Mich. " Laura Humphries, Marathon, Ia. " A. A. Clark, N. Hannibal, N.Y. Miss H. D. Gordon, New Ipswich, N. H. " Elsie M. Tade, Washington, D. C. Mrs. A. S. Webber, Worcester, Mass.
ALBANY NORMAL SCHOOL.
Principal, Prof. James L. Murray, Nashville, Tenn.
Teachers, Mr. B. F. Cox, B.S., Columbus, Miss. Mrs. Ida B. Murray, Nashville, Tenn. Miss Julia J. Blount, Haddock, Ga. " A. B. Williams, Jacksonville, Ala. Miss Annie E. Black, Oberlin, Ohio.
Minister, Rev. C. S. Haynes, M.D., Athens, Ga.
KNOX INSTITUTE. Principal, Prof. L. S. Clark, A.M., Athens, Ga.
Teachers, Mr. J. Ira Elder, Athens, Ga. Mrs. C. S. Haynes, Athens, Ga. Miss Susie F. Morton, Athens, Ga. Miss Mattie L. Turner, Covington, Ga.
Principal, Mrs. A. W. Richardson, Marshallville, Ga.
Teachers, Mrs. M. E. White, Chicago, Ill. Miss Minnie V. Jenkins, Oberlin, Ohio. Miss Olivia S. Braswell, Macon, Ga.
Minister, Rev. J. R. McLean, Macon, Ga.
Principal, Miss M. E. Wilcox, Benson, Minn.
Teacher, Miss Clara R. Boynton, Andover, Mass.
CYPRESS SLASH (P. O., McIntosh) AND TAYLOR'S CREEK.
Minister and Teacher, Rev. J. A. Jones, Cypress Slash, Ga. Mrs. J. A. Jones, Cypress Slash, Ga.
WOODVILLE (P. O., Savannah) AND WHEATHILL.
Minister and Teacher, Rev. J. H. H. Sengstacke, Savannah, Ga.
Minister, Rev. S. A. Paris, Marietta, Ga
Teachers, Mr. F. H. Henderson, Cuthbert, Ga. Mrs. F. H. Henderson, Cuthbert, Ga.
Teacher, Mr. A. W. Bowman, Bainbridge, Ga.
RUTLAND AND BYRON.
Minister, Rev. H. T. Johnson, Tobesofkee, Ga.
Teacher at Rutland, Mrs. E. L. Johnson, Tobesofkee, Ga.
Minister, Rev. W. K. Kennedy, Hagan, Ga.
PIERSON GROVE AND SHADY GROVE.
Minister, Rev. J. S. Shuman, Hagan, Ga.
Minister, Rev. A. W. Williams, Kemp, Ga.
ALFORDS AND SWAINSBORO.
Minister, Rev. J. B. Fletcher, Hagan, Ga.
MACEDONIA AND GREEN.
Minister, Rev. J. A. Murphy, Bartow, Ga.
Minister, Rev. W. L. Brown, Brinson Hill, Ga.
PRINGLE AND LAMAR.
Minister, Rev. J. J. Curry, Lamar, Ga.
PILGRIM AND PILGRIM REST.
Minister, Rev. H. H. Williams, Garfield, Ga.
REGISTER AND STONY HILL.
Minister, Rev. G. W. Montgomery, Portal, Ga.
Minister, Rev. David Lottahaw, Wadley, Ga,
Minister, Rev. J. F. Byrd, Alpha, Ga.
HAGAN AND POWELL GROVE.
Minister, Rev. R. B. Brooks, Hagan, Ga.
PLEASANT HILL AND PORTAL.
Minister, Rev. R. L. Payson, Endicott, Ga.
Minister, Rev. W. D. Hausley, Dean, Ga.
LYONS AND VIDALIA MISSIONS.
Minister, Rev. J. W. McIntosh, Hagan, Ga.
ELLIS AND OHOOPEE MISSIONS.
Minister, Rev. M. C. Smith, Hagan, Ga.
BRYANT COUNTY MISSION.
Minister, Rev. J. J. Harris, Groveland, Ga.
BRINSON ACADEMY AND YEOMAN MISSIONS.
Minister, Rev. C. H. McLoud, Swainsboro, Ga.
Rev. J. B. Chance, Clito, Ga.
STILLMAN AND PROMISE LAND MISSIONS.
Minister, Rev. A. L. Coleman, Swainsboro, Ga.
Minister, Rev. Ernest R. Latham, Huntsburg, Ohio.
Principal, Rev. Ernest R. Latham, A.B., Huntsburg, Ohio.
Teachers, Mrs. O. O. Latham, A.B., Huntsb'g, O. Miss A. E. E. Patton, Waupun, Wis. " J. I. Goodrich, A.B., Sp'gf'd, Mass. Mr. A. P. Laughlin, A.B., Oberlin, Ohio. Mrs. M. A. C. Downs, New Haven, Ct. Miss H. Rosa Burwell, " "
Principal, Prof. J. C. McAdams, A.B., Shelbyville, Tenn.
Teachers, Miss C. E. Baldwin, Marshville, Fla. Miss D. L. Wilkerson, Flemington, Fla.
Teacher, Miss Carrie G. Crawford, Nashville, Tenn.
Minister, Rev. Spencer Snell, Talladega, Ala.
Acting President, Rev. G. W. Andrews, D.D., Talladega, Ala.
Teachers, Rev. J. M. P. Metcalf, A.M., Elyria, O. Prof. W. E. Hutchison, Talladega, Ala. " W. S. Goss, A.B., " " Mr. Edwin C. Silsby, " " " E. A. Bishop, B.S., " " Miss M. P. Roberts, B.L., Jacksonville, Ill. Miss M. E. Landfear, New Haven, Ct. " Estelle Bloodgood, Huron, S. Dak. " C. E. Parkhurst, Manchester, N. H. " Florence A. Frew, Cleveland, Ohio. " Louie Savery, Talladega, Ala. " Margaret F. Nichol, Neligh, Neb. " Susan Sands, A.B., Belmond, Ia. Miss Esther A. Barnes, Tallmadge, O. " Mary K. Humphrey, B.L., Amherst, Mass. " Emma F. King, Elmhurst, Ill. Miss Lena A. Tucker, Springboro, Pa. " Caroline Wandell, Phoenix, Ohio. Mrs. W. S. Goss, Talladega, Ala. " A. E. Foote, Omaha, Neb.
Minister, Rev. W. L. Johnson, Mobile, Ala.
Principal, Prof. Francis T. Waters, A.M., Oberlin, Ohio.
Teachers, Miss C. P. Lewis, St. Paul, Minn. " A. M. Armstrong, Sunderl'd, Mass. " G. A. Willett, Stanton, Mich. Miss M. Elizabeth Messick, Marietta, O. Mrs. Emma K. Johnson, Mobile, Ala. [C]Miss Mary E. McLane, New Haven, Ct.
Minister, —— ——
LINCOLN NORMAL SCHOOL.
Principal, Miss M. L. Phillips, Canonsburg, Pa.
Teachers, Miss Ella C. Abbott, Winchester, Mass. " Florence E. Althen, Lyons, N. Y. " A. M. Woodruff, Roseview, " Miss Mary D. Hyde, Mazeppa, Minn. " Amelia Knapp, Greenwich, Conn. " Mattie F. Childs, Marion, Ala.
Minister, Rev. T. J. Bell, Selma, Ala.
BURRELL SCHOOL (366 Selma Street).
Principal, Rev. A. T. Burnell, A.M., Ph.D., Denver, Col.
Teachers, Mrs. M. A. Burnell, B.L., Denver, Col. Miss Mabel M. Jones, Oberlin, Ohio. " Julia E Jones, " " Miss Rosa K. Schwarz, Belden, Ohio. " Frances M. Hatch, Danbury, Conn. Prof. James A. Merriman, Selma, Ala. Mrs. Mary A. Dillard, Selma, Ala.
Minister, Rev. M. S. Jones, Athens, Ala.
Principal, Miss Ada Louise Wilcox, Monroe, Mich.
Teachers, Miss Mary E. Perkins, Norwich, Conn. " Lillian J. Beecroft, Madison, Wis. Miss M. H. Loveland, Newark Valley, N. Y. Miss Myrta A. Parsons, Hiram, Ohio.
COTTON VALLEY (P.O., Fort Davis).
COTTON VALLEY SCHOOL.
Principal, Miss Corrie N. Johnson, Oberlin, O.
Teachers, Mrs. Georgia F. Stewart, Boston, Mass. Miss M. Nettie Crump, Chicago, Ill.
Minister, Rev. J. J. Scott, Montgomery, Ala.
Minister, Rev. R. W. Jackson, Talladega, Ala.
Minister, Rev. L. L. Wilson, Talladega, Ala.
Minister (Summer Supply), Rev. H. W. Porter, Talladega, Ala.
LAWSON AND COVE.
Minister (Summer Supply), From Talladega College.
JENIFER AND IRONATON.
Minister, Rev. J. B. Grant, Talladega, Ala.
Minister, Rev. E. E. Scott, Shelby, Ala.
Minister, Rev. W. P. Hamilton, Talladega, Ala.
Minister, Rev. James Brown, Anniston, Ala.
GADSDEN AND FORT PAYNE.
Minister, Rev. J. R. Sims, Talladega, Ala.
BIRMINGHAM AND PRATT CITY.
Minister, Rev. A. Simmons, Birmingham, Ala.
Minister, Rev. R. J. McCann, Florence, Ala.
CARPENTER HIGH SCHOOL.
Teacher, Miss Mary Lucy Corpier, Florence, Ala.
BLOCTON AND BELLE SUMPTER.
Minister, Rev. D. M. Lewis, Blocton, Ala.
ALABAMA MOUNTAIN WORK.
NAT (BENDING OAKS).
Principal, Prof. A. D. Luethi, Chicago, Ill.
Teachers, Mrs. A. D. Luethi, Chicago, Ill. Miss Lida M. Steele, Oberlin, Ohio. Miss Jessie M. House, Chicago, Ill.
NORMAL AND INDUSTRIAL COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE.
Principal, Rev John C. Campbell, Stevens Point, Wis.
Teachers, Miss Bertha N. Brintnall, Medina, O. Miss Carrie A. Hook, Grantham, N. H.
Minister, Rev. Ira G. Hambleton, New Decatur, Ala.
Minister, Rev. Frank G. Woodworth, D.D., Eggemoggin, Me.
President, Rev. Frank G. Woodworth, D.D., Eggemoggin, Me.
Teachers, Mrs. E. E. Woodworth, Eggemoggin, Me. Rev. C. Hamlin, D.D., Tougaloo, Miss. Mrs. Lydia H. Hamlin, " " Miss May Lime, Port Carbon, Pa. " Alice Whitsey, Dover, Ohio. Mrs. Lucy M. Sisson, Windsor, Vt. Miss Mary L. Nichol, Neligh, Neb. " Ellen L. Case, Owatonna, Minn. " Emma C. Redick, Mansfield, O. " Jeanette Fullerton, Rockford, Ia. Miss Annie G. Knox, Oberlin, Ohio. " Myra L. Boynton, Lawrence, Mass. " Anna M. Littlefield, Olivet, Mich. " J. A. Ainsworth, Hyde Park, Mass. " Florence H. Gough, Sheffield, O. " M. F. Armstrong, S. Amh'st, Mass. " Cora B. Mead, A.M., Burton, O. Mrs. Sophia Larkin, Tougaloo, Miss. Rev. William J. Larkin, " " Mr. F. S. Hitchcock, Boston, Mass.
Minister, Rev. C. L. Harris, Meridian, Miss.
LINCOLN SCHOOL (2703 11th Street).
Principal, Mrs. H. I. Miller, Topeka, Kan.
Teachers, Miss Marie Myers, Brookfield, Mo. " Sadie Stimpson, Mittineague, Mass. Miss Jeannette Price, Oberlin, Ohio. " Nellie J. Arnott, Nashua, Ia. Miss Carrie E. Kendall, Dunstable, Mass.
ALMEDA GARDNER SCHOOL.
Principal, Miss S. L. Emerson, Hallowell, Me.
Teachers, Miss S. J. Lime, Port Carbon, Pa. Miss Eva Morse Rogers, Eureka, Kan. Miss E. Maude Merrill, Cleveland, Ohio.
Minister, —— ——
Teachers, Miss Mary Jane Gibson, Jackson, Miss. Miss Sarah J. Thomas, Summit, Miss.
Teachers, Mr. I. T. Montgomery, Mound Bayou. Miss M. V. Montgomery, Mound Bayou. Miss Sarah Ballard, Montgomery, Ala.
Minister and Teacher, Rev. Y. B. Sims, Talladega, Ala.
Minister, Rev. Thomas J. Austin, Jackson, Tenn.
Minister (University Church). Rev. George W. Henderson, D.D., North Craftsbury, Vt.
STRAIGHT UNIVERSITY (2420 Canal Street).
President, Prof. Oscar Atwood, A.M., Johnson, Vt.
Teachers, Rev. G. W. Henderson, D.D., Vermont. Mr. B. C. Miner, B.S., N. Haven, Vt. Miss E. W. Nichols, Clinton, N. Y. " M. W. Culver, Los Angeles, Cal. " M. J. Oertel, B.S., Prairie du Sac, Wis. Mrs. L. St. J. Hitchcock, Simsbury, Ct. Miss Kate L. Snow, Freeport, Ill. Miss M. L. Rogers, W. Newbury, Mass. Mr. George L. Dewey, Norwich, Conn. " E. C. Rose, Hyannis Port, Mass. " James D. Gordon, New Orleans, La. Mrs. George L. Dewey, Norwich, Conn. Miss M. L. Thompson, Rouse's Pt., N. Y. " Jennie Fyfe, Lansing, Mich. " Jeanne Forney, Madison, Neb. Miss Carrie E. Hodgman, Princeton, Ill.
DANIEL HAND PREPARATORY SCHOOL.
Miss Lorena A. Lyon, Oberlin, O. " Bertha D. Hodges, Randolph, Vt. Miss Belle M. Whelpley, Painesville, O. " Sarah M. Estill, Mansfield, Ohio. Miss Helen B. de Spelder, Greenville, Mich.
NEW ORLEANS (CENTRAL CHURCH INSTITUTIONAL).
Minister, Rev. John W. Whittaker, New Orleans, La.
NEW ORLEANS (SPAIN ST. CHURCH) AND ST. SOPHIE.
Minister, Rev. L. A. Planving, New Orleans, La.
NEW ORLEANS (MORRIS BROWN CHURCH) AND CHACAHOULA.
Minister, Rev. I. H. Hall, New Orleans, La.
Minister, Rev. S. J. Wood, New Orleans, La.
THIBODEAUX, BAYOU BEAUF AND GRAND BAYOU.
Minister, Rev. J. E. Smith, New Orleans, La.
Minister, Rev. Ebenezer Herbert, Rosemond, Ill.
Minister, Rev. Herman A. Shearer, Hobart, Ind.
Minister, Rev. M. W. Whitt, Belle Place, La.
Minister, Rev. J. A. Herod, Abbeville, La.
(MORNING STAR AND ST. MARK'S CHURCHES).
Minister, Rev. William Brown, Schriever, La.
Minister, Rev. Charles Sands, Lockport, La.
President, Prof. Marshall R. Gaines, Austin, Texas.
Teachers, Miss C. N. Estabrook, W. Leban'n, N. H. " Julia M. Adams, Perrysburgh, O. " A. M. Richardson, Francest'n, N. H. " Edith E. Taylor, N. Wilm'gt'n, Pa. " Emma Hicks, Kalida, Ohio. " Susan I. Estabrook, Olivet, Mich. Miss Phebe B. Parsons, Marcellus, N. Y. " Marjorie Avery, Ledyard, Conn. " Edith F. Conk, Montclair, N. J. " Anna G. Parker, Rock Falls, Ill. Mr. Jas. Stuart Bingham, Winsted, Ot. " Fred. R. Bush, Upton Works, Mich.
Minister, Rev. C. H. Claiborne, New Iberia, La.
HELENA AND GOLIAD.
Minister, Rev. Mitchell Thompson, Helena, Tex.
DODD AND BODOC.
Minister and Teacher, Rev. G. H. Smith, Paris, Tex.
Minister, Rev. G. B. M. Turner, Dallas, Tex.
Minister, Rev. J. I. Donaldson, Paris, Tex.
DAVIS (NEW HOPE CHURCH).
Minister, Rev. R. H. Henson, Davis, Tex.
SANTEE AGENCY, NEB.
NORMAL TRAINING SCHOOL.
Superintendent and Minister, Rev. A. L. Riggs, D.D., Santee Agency, Neb.
Teachers, Prof. F. B. Riggs, A.M., S. Ag., Neb. Miss E. Leonard, Rochester, Mass. Miss Olive Saunders, B.A., Aten, Neb. " C. H. Harwood, Los Angeles, Cal.
Native Teachers, Rev. J. Garvie, Santee Ag'cy, Neb. Mr. Eli Abraham, Santee Agency, Neb. Miss Alice C. Conger, Greenwood, S. D.
Matrons, Miss S. Lizzie Voorhees, (Boys' Cottage) Rocky Hill, N. J. " E. Jean Kennedy, (Whitney Hall) Montrose, Iowa. " Harriet A. Brown, (Bird's Nest) Rocky Point, N. Y. " Margaret R. Spence, (Dakota Home) Snow Hill, Md. Mrs. E. J. Black, (Davis Hall) Santee Agency, Neb.
Missionaries, Mrs. A. L. Riggs, Santee Ag'cy, Neb. " C. R. Lawson, " " " Mrs. W. H. Hamlin, " " Mrs. R. Y. Gray, Santee Agency, Neb. " H. L. Stone, " " " Miss M. T. Morris, Porcupine, S. D.
Industrial Department, Charles R. Lawson, Printing, Santee Agency, Neb. Robert Y. Gray, Carpentry and Blacksmithing, Santee Agency, Neb. William H. Hamlin, Farm Superintendent, Santee Agency, Neb. Homer L. Stone, Bakery, Santee Agency, Neb.
Native Pastor, Rev. Artemas Ehnamani, Santee Agency, Neb.
Native Missionary, Albert Frazier, Santee Agency, Neb.
PONCA AGENCY, NEB.
Native Missionary, Rev. James Garvie, Santee Agency, Neb.
CHEYENNE RIVER AGENCY, S. D,
Rev. T. L. Riggs, General Missionary,
CENTRAL STATION, OAHE, SOUTH DAKOTA.
Rev. Thomas L. Riggs, Missionary and Superintendent, Oahe, S. D. Mrs. Louisa Irvine Riggs, Missionary, " "
OAHE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL.
Teachers, Mrs. T. L. Riggs, Oahe, S. D. Miss Jennie Lind, Yankton, S. D. Miss Stella B. Nordvold, Pierre, S. D.
BAD RIVER (P. O. FORT PIERRE, S. D.).
Native Teachers, Mr. Stephen Yellow-Hawk, Oahe, S. D. Mrs. Yellow-Hawk, Oahe, S. D.
CHEYENNE RIVER STATIONS.
TOUCH THE CLOUDS (P. O. LESLIE, S. D.).
Native Teachers, Mr. J. Black-Eagle, Cherry Creek, S. D. Mrs. Black-Eagle, Cherry Creek, S. D.
Native Teachers, Mr. Eli Spotted-Bear, Oahe, S. D. Mrs. Ellen Spotted-Bear, Oahe, S. D.
CHERRY CREEK (P. O. LESLIE, S. D.).
Native Teachers, Mr. Clarence Ward, Cherry Creek, S. D. Mrs. Estelle Ward, Cherry Creek, S. D.
[D]PLUM CREEK BOARDING SCHOOL (P. O. LESLIE, S. D.).
Principal, Mr. William M. Griffiths, Pioneer, Tenn.
Matrons, Mrs. Martha G. Griffiths, Ross, O. Miss Arlie B. Pond, Pierre. S. D.
ELIZABETH WINYAN MEMORIAL STATION (P. O. COLLAMER, S. D.).
Native Teachers, Rev. E. Phelps, Sisseton Agency, S. D. Mrs. Ellen Phelps, Sisseton Ag'cy, S. D.
MOREAU RIVER STATIONS.
THUNDER BUTTE (P. O. CHEYENNE R. AGENCY, S. D.).
Native Teachers, Mr. Daniel Yawa, Thunder Butte, S. D. Mrs. Mary Yawa, Thunder Butte, S. D.
REMINGTON STATION (P. O. CHEYENNE R. AGENCY, S. D.).
Native Teachers, Mr. J. Bluecloud, Sisseton Ag'cy, S. D. Mrs. N. Bluecloud, Sisseton Ag'cy, S. D.
HOPE STATION-BEAR CREEK (P. O. CHEYENNE R. AGENCY, S. D.).
Missionary, Miss Dora B. Dodge, Brooklyn, N. Y.
[A]LITTLE MOBEAU (P. O. CHEYENNE R. AGENCY, S. D.).
Native Teachers, Mr. B. Zimmerman, Santee Ag'cy, Neb. Mrs. Zimmerman, Santee Agency, Neb.
STANDING ROCK AGENCY, NORTH DAKOTA.
CENTRAL STATION. Rev. Geo. W. Reed, Springfield, Mass. Mrs. C. M. Reed, Springfield, Mass.
FORT YATES HOSPITAL. —— ——
ELKHORN STATION. Miss Mary C. Collins, Keokuk, Ia. Mr. H. Wakutemani, Grand River, S.D. Mrs. Louisa Wakutemani, Grand River, S. D.
LONG HILL STATION. Miss Mary P. Lord, Wellesley, Mass.
OAK CREEK STATION. Mr. Garfield Driver, Grand River, S. D. Mrs. Frances Driver, Grand River, S. D.
ROCK CREEK STATION. Mr. Simon Kirk, Sisseton Agency, S. D. Mrs. Julia Kirk, Sisseton Agency, S. D.
THUNDER HAWK STATION. Mr. J. Whiteshield, Grand River, S. D. Mrs. L. Whiteshield, Grand River, S. D.
MISSOURI RIVER STATION. [E]Mr. Arthur Tibbetts, Cannon Ball, N. D.
CANNON BALL STATION. Rev. Elias Gilbert, Sisseton, S. D. Mrs. Mary Gilbert, Sisseton, S. D.
ROSEBUD RESERVATION, SOUTH DAKOTA.
ROSEBUD AGENCY. Rev. J. F. Cross, Rosebud Ag'cy, S. D. Mrs. Stella P. Cross, Rosebud Ag'cy, S. D.
BURRELL STATION (P. O. BASIN, NEB.). Rev. F. Frazier, Santee Ag'cy, Neb. Mrs. Maggie Frazier, Santee Ag'cy, Neb.
PARK STREET CHURCH STATION (WHITE RIVER, P. O. STEARNS). Mr. Lot Frazier, Rosebud Ag'cy, S. D. Mrs. R. Frazier, Rosebud Ag'cy, S. D.
BLACK PIPE BRANCH. Mr. S. B. Yellow-Hawk, Ft. Pierre, S. D. Mrs. J. Yellow-Hawk, Ft. Pierre, S. D.
FT. BERTHOLD MISSION.
Superintendent and Missionary, Rev. C. L. Hall, Elbowoods, N. D.
ELBOWOODS STATION. Mrs. S. W. Hall, Elbowoods, N. D. Miss H. B. Isley, Elbowoods, N. D.
MISSION HOME SCHOOL (FT. BERTHOLD, N. D.). Miss A. Z. Powell, Templeton, S. D. " A. P. Brickett, Haverhill, Mass. Mr. C. A. Duncanson, Stew'tville, Minn. Miss M. E. Field, Conway, Mass.
FT. BERTHOLD STATION.
Missionary, Mrs. M. V. Duncanson, Stewartville, Minn.
Missionary, Miss Elizabeth Kehoe, Independence, N. D.
S'KOKOMISH AGENCY AND NEAH BAY.
Missionary, Rev. Myron Eells, D.D., Union City, Wash.
Rev. J. G. Burgess, Crow Ag'cy, Mont. Mrs. J. G. Burgess, Crow Agency, Mont.
CAPE PRINCE OF WALES.
Rev. W. T. Lopp, Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska. Mrs. W. T. Lopp, " " " "
Superintendent, Rev. W. C. Pond, D.D., San Francisco, Cal.
Teachers, Mrs. Janet B. Thomson, Fresno, Cal. Joe Dun, Fresno, Cal.
Teachers, Mrs. J. J. Findley, Los Angeles, Cal. Loo Ying, Los Angeles, Cal.
Teachers, Miss M. A. Flint, Marysville, Cal. Fong Won, Marysville, Cal.
Teachers, Mrs. E. H. Hibbard, Oakland, Cal. Chin Quong, Oakland, Cal.
Teachers, Miss Estella Chase, Oroville, Cal. Mrs. Healy, Oroville, Cal. Quong Leong, Oroville, Cal.
Teacher, Mrs. Ellen H. Button, Petaluma, Cal.
Teacher, Mrs. Grace P. Srack, Riverside, Cal.
Teachers, Mrs. S. E. Carrington, Sacramento, Cal. Fong Ling, Sacramento, Cal.
Teacher, Miss Amanda Palmer, San Bernardino, Cal.
Teacher, Mrs. C. M. Stetson, San Diego, Cal.
SAN FRANCISCO (CENTRAL).
Teachers, Mrs. M. A. Green, San Francisco, Cal. Miss J. G. Morrison, " " " Miss S. Caughey, San Francisco, Cal. Rev. Jee Gam, " " "
SAN FRANCISCO (WEST).
Teachers, Miss N. W. Lamont, San Francisco, Cal. Chin Quong, San Francisco, Cal.
Teachers, Mrs. C. E. Forbes, Santa Barbara, Cal. Gin Foo King, Santa Barbara, Cal.
Teachers, Mrs. J. F. Reading, Santa Cruz, Cal. Pon G. Fang, Santa Cruz, Cal.
SANTA CRUZ (JAPANESE).
Teacher, Mrs. Kate V. Hall, Santa Cruz, Cal.
Teacher, Miss Alma Bradley, Ventura, Cal.
Teacher, Miss Ella Thomson, Vernondale, Cal.
Teacher, Mrs. Martha Ellis, Watsonville, Cal.
SALT LAKE CITY.
Teacher, Mrs. Marcus E. Jones, Salt Lake City, Utah.
[D] Salary provided by Society for Propagating the Gospel, and other Gifts.
[E] Supported by the Native Missionary Society.
* * * * *
The figures refer to the pages in the List of Field Workers on which the names and locations will be found.
Andrews, Rev. G. W., D.D., Talladega. 17. Ballard, Miss Sarah, Montgomery. 21. Bell, Rev. T. J., Selma. 18. Bishop, Mr. Edgar A., B.S., Talladega. 17. Brown, Rev. James, Anniston. 19. Childs, Miss Mattie F., Marion. 18. Corpier, Miss Mary L., Florence. 19. Dillard, Mrs. Mary A., Selma. 18. Goss, Prof. Winfield, S., A.B. 17. Goss, Mrs. W. S., Talladega. 18. Grant, Rev. J. B. Talladega. 19. Hambleton, Rev. Ira G., New Decatur. 20. Hamilton, Rev. W. P., Talladega. 19. Hutchison, Prof. Wm. E., Talladega. 17. Jackson, Rev. R. W., Talladega. 19. Johnson, Rev. W. L.; Johnson, Mrs. Emma K., Mobile. 18 Jones, Rev. M. S., Athens. 18. Lewis, Rev. D. M., Blocton. 20. McCann, Rev. R. C., Florence. 19. Merriman, Prof. James A., Selma. 18. Porter, Rev. H. W., Talladega. 19. Savery, Miss Louie, Talladega. 17. Scott, Rev. E. E., Shelby. 19. Scott, Rev. J. J., Montgomery. 19. Scott, Mr. Will C., Birmingham. 8. Silsby, Mr. Edwin C., Talladega. 17. Simmons, Rev. A., Birmingham. 19. Simms, Rev. J. R., Talladega. 19. Simms, Rev. Y. B., Talladega. 21. Snell, Rev. Spencer, Talladega. 17. Williams, Miss Annie B., Jacksonville. 14. Wilson, Rev. L. L., Talladega. 19.
Lopp, Rev. W. T.; Lopp, Mrs. W. T., Cape Prince of Wales. 26.
Bryant, Miss M. Winifred, A.M., Rogers. 13.
Bradley, Miss Alma, Ventura. 27. Button, Mrs. E. H., Petaluma. 26. Carrington, Mrs. S. E., Sacramento. 26. Caughey, Miss Sarah, San Francisco. 26. Chase, Miss Estella, Oroville. 26. Culver, Miss Mary W., Los Angeles. 21. Dun, Mr. Joe, Fresno. 26. Ellis, Mrs. Martha, Watsonville. 27. Fang, Mr. Pon G., Santa Cruz. 27. Findley, Mrs. J. J., Los Angeles. 26. Flint, Miss M. A., Marysville. 26. Forbes, Mrs. Cora E., Santa Barbara. 27. Gam, Rev. Jee, San Francisco. 26. Green, Mrs. M. A., San Francisco. 26. Hall, Mrs. Kate V., Santa Cruz. 27. Harwood, Miss Clara H., Los Angeles. 23. Healy, Mrs., Oroville. 26. Hibbard, Mrs. H. E., Oakland. 26. King, Mr. Gin Foo, Santa Barbara. 27. Lamont, Miss N. W., San Francisco. 27. Leong, Mr. Quong, Oroville. 26. Ling, Mr. Fong, Sacramento. 26. Morrison, Miss J. G., San Francisco. 26. Orton, Miss E. Josephine, Berrycreek. 9. Palmer, Mrs. Amanda, San Bernardino. 26. Pond, Rev. W. C., D.D., San Francisco. 26. Quong, Mr. Chin, Oakland. 26. 27. Reading, Mrs. Jennie F., Santa Cruz. 27. Srack, Mrs. Grace P., Riverside. 26. Stetson, Mrs. C. M., San Diego. 26. Thomson, Miss Ella. Vernondale. 27. Thomson, Mrs. Janet B., Fresno. 26. Webster, Miss Fanny J., Pasadena. 6. Won, Mr. Fong, Marysville. 26. Ying, Mr. Loo, Los Angeles. 26.
Burnell, Rev. A. T., Ph.D.; Burnell, Mrs. Mary A., B.L., Denver. 18.
Avery, Miss Marjorie, Ledyard. 22. Bingham, Mr. Jas. S., Winsted. 22. Burwell, Miss H. Rosa, New Haven. 17. Dewey, Mr. Geo. L.; Dewey, Mrs. Geo. L., Norwich. 21. Downs, Mrs. M. A. C., New Haven. 17. Hatch, Miss Frances M., Danbury. 18. Hitchcock, Mrs. L. St. J. Simsbury. 21. Knapp, Miss Amelia, Greenwich. 18. Landfear, Miss Mary E., New Haven. 17. [F]McLane, Miss Mary E., New Haven. 18. Miner, Miss Anna R., Lyme. 14. Perkins, Miss Mary E., Norwich. 18. Rowlee, Prof. B. D.; Rowlee, Mrs. Julia, East Woodstock. 10. Sheldon, Miss Irene, New Britain. 13. Thomson, Miss Annie L., New Haven. 13. Waterman, Mr. W. G., B.A., Southport. 7.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
Brooks, Rev. W. H., D.D., Washington. 5. Brown, Rev. Sterling, N., A.M., B.D., Washington. 5. Butler, Rev. Chas. H., A.M., Washington. 5. Butler, Rev. J. G., D.D., Washington. 5. Clark, Rev. Isaac, D.D., Washington. 5. Cummings, Prof. Geo. J., A.M., Washington. 5. Dailey, Rev. J. H., Washington. 5. Duncan, Rev. Geo. S., Ph.D., Washington. 5. Ewell, Rev. John L., D.D., Washington. 5. Garner, Rev. A. C., Washington. 5. Hamlin, Rev. T. S., D.D., Washington. 5. Harris, Rev. E. G., Washington. 6. Little, Rev. Geo. O., D.D., Washington. 5. Miller, Rev. Albert P., Washington. 5. Newman, Rev. S. M., D.D., Washington. 5. Rankin, Rev. J. E., D.D., LL.D., Washington. 5. Satterlee, Rt. Rev. H. Y., D.D., Washington. 5. Stephens, Prof. Wm. J., Washington. 5. Tade, Miss Elsie M., Washington. 14. Warder, Prof. R. B., A.M., B.S., Washington. 5.
Baldwin, Miss Christina E., Marshville. 17. Cathcart, Miss Susie T., Tangerine. 10. Parrott, Miss Carrie W., Orange Park. 10. Wilkerson, Miss Daisy L., Flemington. 17.
Blount, Miss Julia J., Haddock. 4. Bowman, Mr. A. W., Bainbridge. 15. Braswell, Miss Olivia S., Macon. 15. Brooks, Rev. R. B., Hagan. 16. Brown, Rev. W. L., Brinson Hill. 16. Byrd, Rev. J. F., Alpha. 16. Chance, Rev. J. B., Clito. 17. Clark, Prof. L. S., A.M., Athens. 15. Clemens, Mr. Richard, Standford. 14. Coleman, Rev. A. L., Swainsboro. 17. Curry, Rev. J. J., Lamar. 16. De Mond, Rev. A. L., McIntosh. 14. Elder, Mr. J. Ira, Athens. 15. Fletcher, Rev. J. B., Hagan. 16. Harris, Rev. J. J., Groveland. 17. Hausley, Rev. W. D., Dean. 16. Haynes, Rev. C. S., M.D.; Haynes, Mrs. C. S., Athens. 15. Henderson, Mr. F. H.; Henderson, Mrs. F. H., Cuthbert. 15. Johnson, Rev. H. T.; Johnson, Mrs. E. L., Tobosofkee. 15. Jones, Rev. J. A.; Jones, Mrs. J. A., Cypress Slash. 15. Kennedy, Rev. W. K., Hagan. 15. Lottahaw, Rev. David, Wadley. 16. Martin, Miss Priscilla, Macon. 13. Maxwell, Rev. L. B., Savannah. 14. McIntosh, Rev. J. W., Hagan. 16. McLean, Rev. J. R., Macon. 13. 15. McLoud, Rev. C. H., Swainsboro. 17. Montgomery, Rev. G. W., Portal. 16. Morton, Miss Susie F., Athens. 15. Murphy, Rev. J. A., Bartow. 16. Nixon, Rev. T. M., Thomasville. 13. Paris, Rev. S. A., Marietta. 15. Payson, Rev. R. L., Endicott. 16. Proctor, Rev. H. H., Atlanta. 14. Richardson, Mrs. A. W., Marshallville. 15. Sengstacke, Rev. J. H. H., Savannah. 15. Shuman, Rev. J. S., Hagan. 16. Smith, Rev. M. C., Hagan. 16. Turner, Miss Mattie L., Covington. 15. Williams, Rev. A. W., Kemp. 16. Williams, Rev. H. H., Garfield. 16.
Crane, Mrs. Kate J., Danville. 7. Crump, Miss M. Nettie, Chicago. 19. Dorsett. Mrs. E. R., Oak Park. 12. Ferris, Miss Amelia L., Oneida. 6. Herbert, Rev. Ebenezer, Rosemond. 22. Hodgman, Miss Carrie E., Princeton. 21. House, Miss Jessie M., Chicago. 20. King, Miss Emma F., Elmhurst. 18. Luethi, Prof. A. D.; Luethi, Mrs. A. D., Chicago. 20. Parker, Miss Anna G., Rock Falls. 22. Reed, Miss Margaret E., Princeton. 8. Roberts, Miss Mary P., B.L., Jacksonville. 17. Smith, Miss Ulellah N., Chicago. 6. Snow, Miss Kate L., Freeport. 21. White, Mrs. M. E., Chicago. 15. Yeomans, Miss Frances L., Danville. 7.
Shearer, Rev. Herman A., Hobart. 22. Miller, Miss Mary E., Elkhart. 14. Noble, Miss Clara E., Coburg. 6.
Arnott, Miss Nellie J., Nashua. 20. Chapman, Miss Marian, Independence. 7. Collins, Miss Mary C., Keokuk. 24. Curtiss, Miss Fannie E., Nevada. 13. Fullerton, Miss Jeanette, Rockford. 20. Holman, Miss L. C., Vincennes. 13. Humphries, Miss Laura, Marathon. 14. Kennedy, Miss E. Jean, Montrose. 23. Parmenter, Miss B. R., Rockford. 14. Sands, Miss Susan, A. B., Belmond. 17. Townsend, Miss Mary L., Cedar Falls. 8.
Cooley, Miss Susan A., Bavaria. 7. Hollies, Rev. E. W.; Hollies, Mrs. Sarah. Topeka. 12. Hollies, Miss Minnie A. Topeka. 12. Miller, Mrs. H. I., Topeka. 20. Rogers, Miss Eva M., Eureka. 21.
Dizney, Prof. E. Frank; Dizney, Mrs. E. F., Evarts. 7. Doane, Rev. J. W., Campton. 7. Green, Mr. C. C., Williamsburg. 6. Greene, Rev. C. W., Corbin. 6. Jackson, Rev. J. S., Lexington. 6. Jones, Rev. Mason, Combs. 6. Olinger, Miss Jean B., Williamsburg. 9. Olinger, Rev. W. G., Williamsburg. 6, 9. Stevens, Prof. Chas. M.; Stevens, Mrs. Chas. M., Williamsburg. 6. Sutton, Rev. Samuel, Williamsburg. 6, 9. Turner, Mr. William, Evarts. 7.
Brown, Rev. Wm., Schriever. 22. Claiborne, Rev. C. H., New Iberia. 23. Gordon, Mr. Jas. D., New Orleans. 21. Hall, Rev. I. H., New Orleans. 22. Herod, Rev J. A., Abbeville. 22. Planving, Rev. L. A., New Orleans. 22. Sands, Rev. Charles, Lockport. 22. Smith. Rev. J. E., New Orleans. 22. Whitt, Rev. M. W., Belle Place. 22. Whittaker, Rev. John W., New Orleans. 22. Wood, Rev. S. J., New Orleans. 22.
Emerson, Miss S. L., Hallowell. 21. Foster, Prof. Fred. W.; Foster, Mrs. Mary W., Castine. 14. Parker, Miss Mary C., Southwest Harbor. 14. Woodworth, Rev. Frank G., D.D.; Woodworth, Mrs. Ellen E., Eggemoggin. 20.
Spence, Miss Margaret R., Snow Hill. 23.
Abbott, Miss Ella C., Winchester. 18. Ainsworth, Miss Jane A., Hyde Park. 20. Armstrong, Miss Agnes M., Sunderland. 18. Armstrong, Miss Mary F., South Amherst. 20. Beard, Miss Josephine, B.A., Andover. 7. Blake, Miss Ethel W., B.L., Westfield. 13. Boynton, Miss Clara R., Andover. 15. Boynton, Miss Myra L., Lawrence. 20. Brickett, Miss A. P., Haverhill. 25. Burrage, Prof. Geo. C., Ph.B.; Burrage, Mrs. Geo. C., Weston. 13. Curtis, Miss Jennie, Great Barrington. 14. Dickinson, Miss Laura A., A.B., N. Amherst. 10. Field, Miss M. E., Conway. 25. Forbes, Miss Lillian A. G., Chicopee Falls. 8. Gage, Miss Alice M., Boxford. 13. Goodrich, Miss Julia L., A.B., Springfield. 17. Graffam, Miss Winona E., A.B., Andover. 13. Greene, Mrs. Lucy R., Amherst. 7. Hitchcock, Mr. F. S., Boston. 20. Holmes, Prof. Morrison A.; Holmes, Mrs. M. A., Lee. 13. Humphrey, Miss Mary K., B.L., Amherst. 18. Kendall, Miss Carrie E., Dunstable. 20. Leonard, Miss Edith, Rochester. 23. Leonard, Mrs. Eva F., Dunstable. 12. Lord, Miss Mary P., Wellesley. 25. Marsh, Miss Susan M., Springfield. 10. Merriam, Miss Amelia, Westboro. 14. Moore, Miss Cora L., Northfield. 10. Reed, Rev. Geo. W.; Reed, Mrs. Charlotte M., Springfield. 25. Rogers, Miss Mary L., West Newbury. 21. Roper, Miss Ella E., Worcester. 14. Rose, Mr. Emerson C., Hyannis Port. 21. Shelden, Miss Fidelia, Beverly. 12. Stewart, Mrs. Georgia F., Boston. 19. Stimpson, Miss Sadie, Mittineague. 20. Strout, Miss Minnie T., Salem. 10. Van Deusen, Miss Mary E., Ashley Falls. 13. Webber, Mrs. A. S., Worcester. 14.
Andrews, Miss Ella M., Frankfort. 6. Bush, Mr. Fred Roys, Upton Works. 22. Childs, Miss Alma C., Ann Arbor. 13. Condict, Miss Julia A., Adriau. 14. De Spelder, Miss Helen B., Greenville. 21. Douglas, Miss Minnie L., Church. 12. Dox, Miss C. M., Kalamazoo. 14. Estabrook, Miss Susan I., Olivet. 22. Farlin, Miss Leila H., Ann Arbor. 13. Fyfe, Miss Jennie, Lansing. 21. Grimes, Miss L. Mabel, Wayland. 13. Hoag, Miss Katharine E., Saginaw. 10. Hunnewell, Miss Florence E., Olivet. 8. Littlefield, Miss Anna M., Olivet. 20. Lockwood, Miss Leone F., Utica. 15. Mitchell, Miss Margaret, Breckenridge. 8. Nicholson, Miss M. B., Kalamazoo. 14. Obenauer, Miss Emma, Detroit. 13. Robinson, Rev. J. M.; Robinson, Mrs. J. M., Detroit. 13. Russell, Miss Frances M., Union City. 9. Shepherd, Miss Maud A., Stanton. 14. Slanker, Miss Alice J., Stanton. 10. Waring, Miss Luella, Kalamazoo. 8. Wilcox, Miss Ada Louise, Monroe. 18. Willett, Miss Genevra A., Stanton. 18.
Bye, Mrs. Harriet N., Minneapolis. 13. Bye, Miss Mary A., B.S., Minneapolis. 7. Case, Miss Ellen L., Owatonna. 20. Cathcart, Miss Lillian S., Minneapolis. 10. Comings, Miss Nellie F., B.S., St. Paul. 7. Duncanson, Mr. C. A.; Duncanson, Mrs. M. V., Stewartville. 25. Hyde, Miss Mary D., Mazeppa. 18. Jones, Miss Dora M., B.S., Spring Valley. 7. Lewis, Miss Cornelia P., St. Paul. 18. Wilcox, Miss M. E., Benson. 15.
Bowles, Miss Eva D., Columbus. 6. Cox, Mr. B. F., B.S., Columbus. 14. Gibson, Miss Mary J. Jackson. 21. Hamlin, Rev. Cyrus, D.D.; Hamlin, Mrs. Lydia H., Tougaloo. 20. Harris, Rev. C. L., Meridian. 20. Larkin, Miss Mary S., Tougaloo. 6. Larkin, Rev. Wm. J.; Larkin, Mrs. Sophia, Tougaloo. 20. Montgomery, Mr. Isaiah T., Mound Bayou. 21. Montgomery, Miss Mary V., Mound Bayou. 21. Thomas, Miss Sarah J., Summit. 21.
Myers, Miss Marie, Brookfield. 20. Newton, Miss May E., Springfield. 10.
Burgess, Rev. J. G.; Burgess, Mrs. J. G., Crow Agency. 26.
Abraham, Mr. Eli, Santee Agency. 23. Black, Mrs. E. J., Santee Agency. 23. Ehnamani, Rev. Artemas, Santee Agency. 23. Foote, Mrs. A. E., Omaha. 18. Forney, Miss Jeanne, Madison. 21. Frazier, Mr. Albert, Santee Agency. 24. Frazier, Rev. Francis; Frazier, Mrs. Maggie, Santee Agency. 25. Garvie, Rev. James, Santee Agency. 23. 24. Gray, Mr. Robert Y.; Gray, Mrs. Robert Y., Santee Agency. 23. Hamlin, Mr. Wm. H.; Hamlin, Mrs. Wm. H., Santee Agency. 23. Lawson, Mr. Chas. R.; Lawson, Mrs. Chas. R., Santee Agency. 23. Nichol, Miss Margaret F., Neligh. 17. Nichol. Miss Mary L., Neligh. 17. Riggs, Rev. A. L., D.D.; Riggs, Mrs. A. L., Santee Agency. 23. Riggs, Prof. F. B., A.M., Santee Agency. 23. Saunders, Miss Olive, B.A., Aten. 23. Slothower, Miss A. M., Norfolk. 14. Spees, Miss Helena C., Norfolk. 13. Stone, Mr. Homer L.; Stone, Mrs. H. L., Santee Agency. 23. Zimmerman, Mr. Ben.; Zimmerman, Mrs. Ben, Santee Agency. 25.
Bishop, Miss Emily R., Keene. 13. Estabrook, Miss Charlotte N., West Lebanon. 22. Goldsmith. Miss Celestia S., Chester. 8. Gordon, Miss Harriet D., New Ipswich. 14. Hook, Miss Carrie A., Grantham. 20. Parkhurst, Miss Carrie E., Manchester. 17. Richardson, Miss Abby M., Francestown. 22. Scribner, Miss Dora A., B.A., Gossville. 7.
Chandler, Miss Alice A., Vineland. 14. Conk, Miss Edith F., Montclair. 22. Pfeiffer, Miss G. Eugenie, Hightstown. 13. Voorhees, Miss S. Lizzie, Rocky Hill. 23.
Althen, Miss Florence E., Lyons. 18. Brown, Miss Harriet A., Rocky Point. 23. Clark, Miss A. A., North Hannibal. 14. Curtis, Miss Julia H., Syracuse. 11. Dodge, Miss Dora B., Brooklyn. 25. Fisher, Mrs. Ellen M., Sinclairville. 12. Garsden, Miss Alice M., Westmoreland. 7. Gates, Miss Minnie M., Phoenix. 8. Glines, Miss Julia B., Horsehead. 6. Houghton, Miss Grace M., Syracuse. 10. Jenkins, Mrs. M. L., Chautauqua. 8. Koehler, Miss Margaret B., B.L., Penn Yan. 7. La Grange, Miss Kate C., Albany. 9. Loveland, Miss M. H., Newark Valley. 18. Nichols, Miss Emily W., Clinton. 21. Packard, Miss M. Amelia, Brooklyn. 6. Parsons, Miss Emma L., A.B., Le Roy. 7. Parsons, Miss Phebe B., Marcellus. 22. Phillips, Miss Clara, Oswego. 6. Stone, Miss Louise, Le Roy. 8. Thompson Miss Mary L., Rouse's Point. 21. Woodruff, Miss Anna M., Roseview. 18.
Artope, Mrs. J. H., Troy. 11. Baldwin, Mr. J. W., Nalls. 12. Baldwin, Rev. M. L.; Baldwin, Mrs. M. L., McLeansville. 11. Clemmons, Mr. J. J., Jr., Navassa. 11. Curtis, Rev. A. W., D.D., Raleigh. 11. Dillard, Rev. H., Strieby. 11. Faduma, Rev. O.; Faduma, Mrs. O., Troy. 11. Gibbs, Mr. J. Ulrich, Whittier. 12. Haines, Rev. Geo. H., Charlotte. 12. Hall, Mr. Wm. R., Raleigh. 11. Johns, Rev. R. B.; Johns, Mrs. R. B., Dudley. 11. La Cour, Rev. Paul L.; La Cour, Mrs. Paul L., Chapel Hill. 11. Lane, Rev. Calvin, Lowell. 12. McKay, Rev. S. A., Red Springs. 12. McNeill, Rev. J. E., Moncure. 12. Meriam, Mr. Morrison E., Whittier. 12. Newkirk, Rev. W. D.; Newkirk, Mrs. Emma C., Beaufort. 10. Peden, Rev. Anthony, Oaks. 11. Ragland, Rev. F. G., Wilmington. 10. Sevier, Rev. S. S., Greensboro. 11. Simmons, Rev. Z., Malee. 12. Sims, Rev. J. P., High Point. 11. Stratton, Rev. E. W., Sanford. 12. Torrence, Miss Dulcina, McLeansville. 11. Washburn, Miss Maud M., Brown's Summit. 11. Whittington, Mr. Fernie, Beaufort. 10. Woodard, Prof. Geo. A., Southern Pines. 10.
Hall, Rev. Chas. L.; Hall, Mrs. S. W., Elbowoods. 25. Ilsley, Miss H. B., Elbowoods. 25. Kehoe, Miss Elizabeth, Independence. 26. Tibbetts, Mr. Arthur, Cannon Ball. 25.
Adams, Miss Julia May, Perrysburgh. 22. Barnes, Miss Esther A., Tallmadge. 18. Black, Miss Annie E., Oberlin. 14. Boyd, Miss Clara S., Greenfield. 13. Brintnall, Miss Bertha N., Medina. 20. Carey, Miss Anna N., Oberlin. 7. Caughey, Miss Isadore M., N. Kingsville. 10. Cheney, Miss Ella L., Oberlin. 13. Davis, Mrs. Alice L., Oberlin. 10. Estill, Miss Sarah M., Mansfield. 21. Evans, Miss Mary H., Bellefontaine. 6. Frew, Miss Florence A., Cleveland. 17. Gough, Miss Florence H., Sheffield. 20. Grass, Miss Alice M., Bryan. 7. Griffiths, Mrs. Martha Gorbold, Ross. 24. Harger, Miss Lizette, Oberlin. 14. Hicks, Miss Emma, Kalida. 22. Inborden, Prof. T. S., A.B., Oberlin. 10. Jenkins, Miss Minnie V., Oberlin. 15. Johnson, Miss Corrie N., Oberlin. 19. Jones, Miss Julie E., Oberlin. 18. Jones, Miss Mabel M., Oberlin. 18. Keyes, Miss Bertha W., Oberlin. 10. Knowlton, Miss Charlotte J., Creston. 14. Knowlton, Miss Jessie M., Creston. 14. Latham, Prof. Ernest R., A.B.; Latham, Mrs. Olga O., A.B., Huntsburg. 17. Laughlin, Arthur P., A.B., Oberlin. 17. Lyon, Miss Lorena A., Oberlin. 21. Marsh, Miss Mattie M., A.B., Bryan. 13. Mead, Miss Cora B., A.M., Burton. 20. Mellen, Mrs. Lucy M., Oberlin. 10. Merrill, Miss E. Maude, Cleveland. 21. Messick, Miss Elizabeth M., Marietta. 18. Metcalf, Rev. John M. P., A.M., Elyria. 17. Parsons, Miss Myrta A., Hyram. 18. Persons, Miss Flora E., Oberlin. 8. Pinney, Mrs. Lucy D., N. Bloomfield. 7. Price, Miss Jeannette, Oberlin. 20. Redick, Miss Emma C., Mansfield. 20. Schwarz, Miss Rosa K., Belden. 18. Scobie, Miss Ellen B., Everett. 13. Scott, Miss S. Josephine, Hamilton. 14. Seymour, Miss Julia P., Rootstown. 10. Steele, Miss Lida M., Oberlin. 20. Summers, Miss Maude, Cleveland. 12. Wandell, Miss Caroline, Phoenix. 18. Waters, Prof. Francis T., A.M., Oberlin. 18. Wheeler, Rev. W. E.; Wheeler, Mrs. Kate L., Richfield. 8. Whelpley, Miss Belle M., Painesville. 21. Whitsey, Miss Alice, Dover. 20. Wright, Rev. G. W., B.D., Oberlin. 8.
Carpenter, Miss Sara, Buckingham. 14. Kalbfleisch, Miss Lena H., Gettysburg. 8. Kuhn, Miss Mary J., New Wilmington. 6. Lime, Miss May, Port Carbon. 20. Lime, Miss S. J., Port Carbon. 21. Nesbit, Miss Clara, Utica. 14. Phillips, Miss M. L., Canonsburg. 18. Taylor, Miss Edith E., New Wilmington. 22. Tucker, Miss Lena A., Springboro. 18.
Barrett, Miss Naomi P., Charleston. 13. Clark, Rev. Geo. V., Charleston. 12. Deas, Miss Mary L., Charleston. 13. Gregory, Lewis G., A.B., Charleston. 13. Jones, Rev. S. L., Winnsboro. 13. Martin, Mr. Isadore, Charleston. 10. Moates, Rev. John D., Newberry. 13. Myles, Mr. Jefferson, Lykesland. 13. Scott, Miss Monomia R., Charleston. 13. Steele, Miss Carrie E., Charleston. 6. Wilson, Rev. E. H., Columbia. 13.
Black-Eagle, Mr. Justin; Black-Eagle, Mrs. Justin, Cherry Creek. 24. Bloodgood, Miss Estelle, Huron. 17. Bluecloud, Mr. John; Bluecloud, Mrs. Nora, Sisseton Agency. 24. Conger, Miss Alice C., Greenwood. 23. Cross, Rev. James F.; Cross, Mrs. Stella P., Rosebud Agency. 25. Driver, Mr. Garfield; Driver, Mrs. Rebecca, Grand River. 25. Frazier, Mr. Lot; Frazier, Mrs. Rebecca, Rosebud Agency. 25. Gilbert. Rev. Elias; Gilbert, Mrs. Mary, Sisseton. 25. Kirk, Mr. Simon; Kirk, Mrs. Julia, Sisseton Agency. 25. Lind, Miss Jennie, Yankton. 24. Morris, Miss Mary T., Porcupine. 23. Nordvold, Miss Stella B., Pierre. 24. Phelps, Rev. Edwin; Phelps, Mrs. Ellen, Sisseton Agency. 24. Pond, Miss Arlie B., Pierre. 24. Riggs, Rev. Thomas L.; Riggs, Mrs. Thomas L., Oahe. 24. Spotted-Bear, Mr. Eli; Spotted-Bear, Mrs. Ellen, Oahe. 24. Wakutemani, Mr. Huntington; Wakutemani, Mrs. Louisa, Grand River. 25. Ward, Mr. Clarence; Ward, Mrs. Estelle, Cherry Creek. 24. Whiteshield, Mr. John; Whiteshield, Mrs. Lottie, Grand River. 25. Yawa, Mr. David; Yawa, Mrs. Mary, Thunder Butte. 24. Yellow-Hawk, Mr. Solomon B.; Yellow-Hawk, Mrs. Josephine, Pierre. 25. Yellow-Hawk. Mr. Stephen; Yellow-Hawk, Mrs. Stephen, Oahe. 24.
Austin, Rev. Thos. J., Jackson. 21. Ballantine, Miss Anna T., Nashville. 7. Blanks, Mr. Chas. R., Pine Bluff. 9. Bond, Rev. James, Nashville. 7. Chamberlin, Miss Mary E., Nashville. 7. Chase, Prof. F. A., A.M., Nashville. 7. Cravath, Rev. E. M., D.D., Nashville. 7. Crawford, Miss Carrie G., Nashville. 17. Crosthwait, Miss Minnie, Knoxville. 8. Deloss, Mr. John, Jacksboro. 9. Denny, Miss Attie, La Follette. 9. Dodge, Miss Emma F., Pleasant Hill. 9. Dowdell, Miss Katherine C., Nashville. 10. Dunn, Rev. Chas. W., A.M., B.D., Nashville. 7. Ferree, Miss Minnie, Harriman. 6. Franklin, Miss Lydia J., Grand View. 8. Franklin, Miss Mabel, Grand View. 8. Goff, Rev. E. N., Bon Air. 9. Griffiths, Mr. Wm., M., Pioneer. 24. Harris, Rev. Eugene, A.M., B.D., Nashville. 7. Hawn, Mr. M., Lansing. 9. Jackson, Miss F. Annette, Hudsonburg. 9. Jennings, Rev. R. D., Knoxville. 8. Jewett, Miss Mary L., Grand View. 8. Johnson, Miss Mary E., Memphis. 8. Keeble, Miss Janetta N., Nashville. 10. Lewis, Miss Cornelia E., Memphis. 8. Lusty, Rev. Geo., Deer Lodge. 9. McAdams, Prof. J. C., A.B., Shelbyville. 17. McClelland, Rev. Geo. M., Memphis. 8. Myers, Rev. A. A., Cumberland Gap. 9. Moore, Rev. Geo. W., Nashville. 5. Morgan, Prof. Helen C., A.M., Nashville. 7. Murphy, Miss Belle A., Knoxville. 8. Murray, Prof. Jas. L.; Murray, Mrs. Ida B. Nashville. 14. Partridge, Rev. H. F., Pomona. 9. Post, Rev. Geo. H., Jellico. 9. Rivers, Miss Charlotte, Memphis. 8. Robinson, Miss Jennie A., Nashville. 7. Rutherford, Mr. Calvin, La Follette. 9. Smith, Rev. Joseph E., Chattanooga. 8. Smith, Mrs. M. J., Tracy City. 9. Spence, Rev. A. K., A.M., Nashville. 7. Stickel, Rev. E. C., A.M.; Stickel, Mrs. Luretta C., B.L., Nashville. 7. Sumner, Rev. M. N., Mill Creek. 9. Taylor, Miss Mary E., Grand View. 8. Walton, Mr. Gilbert, Harriman. 5. Watkins, Mr. L. J., A.B., Nashville. 10. Winkler, Mr. R. B., La Follette. 9. Wright, Prof. H. H., A.M., Nashville. 7.
Donaldson, Rev. J. I., Paris. 23. Gaines, Prof. Marshall R., Austin. 22. Henson, Rev. R. H., Davis. 23. Smith, Rev. G. H., Paris. 23. Thompson, Rev. Mitchell, Helena. 23. Turner, Rev. G. B. M., Dallas. 23.
Jones, Mrs. Marcus E., Salt Lake City. 27.
Baytop, Miss Ada, Ark. 6. Price, Mr. W. G., Priddy's. 6. Weaver, Mr. D. D., Cappahosic. 6. Weaver, Mrs. E. Sprague, Cappahosic. 6. Weaver, Prof. W. B., Cappahosic. 6. White, Mr. R. L., Cappahosic. 6.
Atwood, Prof. Oscar, A.M., Johnson. 21. Chamberlin, Miss Carrie B., Sharon. 7. Crane, Miss Flora M., Middlebury. 9. Fairbanks, Miss Lucy E., Woodstock. 14. Graham, Miss Mertie L., E. St. Johnsbury. 14. Henderson, Rev. Geo. W., D.D., No. Craftsbury. 21. Hodges, Miss Bertha D., Randolph. 21. Hubbard, Miss Ida F., Ascutneyville. 8. Miner, Mr. Benj. C., New Haven. 21. Sisson, Mrs. Lucy M., Windsor. 20.
Eells, Rev. Myron, D.D., Union City. 26. Sheldon, Miss Nellie D., Seattle. 6.
Beecroft, Miss Lillian J., Madison. 18. Brereton, Miss Mary K., Acorn. 8. Campbell, Rev. John C., Steven's Point. 20. Carrier, Miss Frances M., Beloit. 14. Kinney, Miss M. A., Whitewater. 14. Oertel, Miss Mary J., B.S., Prairie du Sac. 21. Patton, Miss Aura E. E., Waupun. 17. Steele, Prof. Andrew J., A.M., Whitewater. 8. Washburn, Miss Hester A., Delevan. 10.
Bechan, Miss Bessie C., Toronto. 11. Burr, Miss Belle S., Goderich, Ont. 8. Walbridge, Miss Lena, Mystic, Que. 10.
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* * * * *
A BLESSED SEASON.
BY PROF. L. S. CLARK.
This has been a blessed season spiritually for Knox Institute, Athens, Ga. We observed the "week of prayer." We exerted ourselves in every way to lead our pupils to Christ. God heard our prayers and he is still hearing and blessing us. We have had many a hopeful conversion. About fifteen took a stand for Jesus on the last day of the "week of prayer;" two on the following Monday; thirty-nine asked for our prayers on the following Friday; seven more gave themselves to Jesus last Friday, and we expect that more will come forward, for the spirit of God is with us. The work moves on smoothly.
* * * * *
ORANGE PARK, FLA.—A WONDERFUL DAY—CONVERSIONS.
BY REV. ERNEST R. LATHAM.
Yesterday was a wonderful day for us. We observed the day of prayer for schools and colleges, devoting the whole time to religious services. In the forenoon I preached from Eccl. 12:1, "Remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth," urging upon the students the importance of accepting Christ at the beginning of life. After the sermon we had a prayer and testimony meeting, in which a large number took part with great earnestness and deep feeling. At the close all but two of our boarding students rose either to indicate a desire to be given up more fully to Christ's service or to say that they wished to become Christians at once.
In the afternoon a meeting for the girls was held in the Girls' Hall, conducted by the lady teachers. The boys had two meetings in their own rooms. All these meetings were very helpful.
In the evening in the chapel I preached on the "Rich Young Ruler" and urged immediate decision and full surrender to Christ. The meeting for testimony following the sermon was one of the most remarkable I have ever attended. Several of our brightest students came out clearly for Christ and nearly every one of those who were not Christians spoke voluntarily of their desire to enter the new life. The meeting was very quiet, but many were weeping, and there seemed to be a deep sense of sin.
Every student above the eighth grade is now a Christian, I believe, with possibly one exception, and that one is a young man of fine promise, who said publicly last night that his supreme desire was to be a Christian, and that a great burden had been upon him, night and day, for many weeks. We think that his only difficulty is that he desires the experience he has seen in others and does not see that faith is the door by which he must enter that experience.
I know that you will rejoice with us in this great blessing.
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THE FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH OF ATLANTA, GA.
BY REV. H. H. PROCTOR.
The first Congregational Church of Atlanta was founded in 1867 by Rev. Frederick Ayer and wife, of Wisconsin, the former of whom has entered into his rest, but the latter is still living at a ripe old age in her native State. The church grew out of the Storrs School, the pioneer educational institution of Georgia for the colored race, and was a response to the conscious need of a more enlightened Christianity.
The chapel of the Storrs School was its first place of worship, but there was soon felt a need for a regular meeting house. By the aid of the American Missionary Association and of the C. C. B. S., a handsome and substantial structure was built at the corner of Courtland avenue and Houston street. The $2,000 contributed by the people for this building represented no little sacrifice. All of the work on the building was done by colored men, and the neat, slate-covered brick structure, most appropriate in architectural design, is an ornament to that elegant portion of the city in which it is prominently located. A well-appointed eight-room parsonage stands hard by the church, built by students of Atlanta University. The funds for the erection of the parsonage came in part from a benevolent Northern lady, but the greater part was contributed in pennies and nickels and dimes by the people themselves. The church building and parsonage are located in a community settled chiefly by white people. Once they made vigorous protest, but since they found it is not a "shouting" church, no complaint is heard. They often listen to the services from their verandas, and not a few worship with us from time to time, and express themselves highly pleased.
The church has been blessed in having such an excellent line of pastors from New England. The first was Rev. C. W. Francis, now a pastor in Connecticut. Then came Revs. E. E. Rogers, C. W. Southgate, S. S. Ashley, C. W. Hawley, Evarts Kent, and S. H. Robinson. All of these brethren are remembered for their sterling character and their faithful labors. The present pastor finds living monuments to the toil of every one of them. They have written their names individually on the hearts of the people.
This church has not had an easy road to travel. At first it was despised by the whites and misunderstood by the blacks—despised because of its doctrine of equality; misunderstood because of its newness in these parts. But it was not to be kept back by hatred on the one hand, nor by ignorance on the other. True and tried spirits rallied to its standard, and to-day, in a large measure, it has overcome these things. It bravely stood out for an enlightened Christianity, and its Sunday-school supplied workers for every other school in the city. It espoused the cause of temperance, and has been always an uncompromising foe to strong drink. It held up the standard of Christian citizenship and has stood for an upright Christian life and has been rigid yet loving in its discipline.
Its members make themselves felt in the practical occupations of the community. A sociological investigation reveals some interesting facts. They are engaged in about fifty different occupations; 85 are housewives, 85 are in the schools studying, 31 are household servants, 28 are teachers, 19 are porters, 9 are waiters, 4 are grocerymen, 5 are postmen, 7 are professional nurses, 4 are shoemakers, 2 are blacksmiths, 2 are politicians, 3 are seamstresses, 4 are washerwomen, 4 are postal clerks, 3 are Government clerks at Washington, 12 are tailors, 3 are janitors, 2 are draymen, 2 are carpenters, 3 are barbers, 3 are carriage drivers, 3 are carriagemakers, 2 are cotton samplers, 2 are professional cooks, while the following occupations are represented by one each: upholster, elevator conductor, stonemason, piano tuner, sleeping car porter, dairyman, dentist, bricklayer, restaurant proprietor, photographer, ice cream maker, insurance agent, coal dealer, baker, jewelry clerk, bridge builder, packer, hackman, editor and postmaster (of South Atlanta). May they not say, as Paul: "These hands ministered unto my necessities"?
This church has furnished not a few excellent men who are doing conspicuous service. Among these are Prof. R. R. Wright, president State College, Savannah, Ga.; Rev. J. E. Smith, pastor First Congregational Church, Chattanooga, Tenn.; Rev. George V. Clark, pastor Congregational Church, Charleston, S. C.; Rev. John W. Whittaker, pastor Central Congregational Church, New Orleans, La.; Mr. Butler R. Wilson, attorney at law, Boston, Mass.; Rev. E. J. Penny, chaplain Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, Tuskegee, Ala., and others.
The present pastor is the first of his race to be honored with the pastorate of this church. He is a product of the American Missionary Association, having received his college training at Fisk University. He began his labors here immediately upon the completion of his theological course at the Yale Divinity School, in 1894. With his coming the church entered upon a distinct era of its life. Not without some misgivings on the part of many, the church bravely launched out to assume self-support. For some time it had been without a regular pastor, and the flock was divided and scattered. After three years the membership has been doubled and the contributions trebled. Last year it contributed a share of the "Jubilee Fund" of the American Missionary Association. The church is now united and progressive. There is a growing Christian Endeavor Society, a Working Men's Club for financial aid, a Woman's Aid Society for general church work, a Young Men's League for increasing the attendance at the Sunday evening services (printed bulletins of the services being distributed weekly). The church issues the Parish Visitor, a monthly church paper which forms a bond of interest by unifying the various forces of the church.
The prayer meetings are well attended and the Sunday-school is thriving. New members are received at every communion. The week of prayer is followed by a large number of conversions. The membership now numbers 403, making this the largest Congregational Church in the South. Great stress is laid on the quality of the membership, but quantity is not despised, and within the next seven years it is the aspiration of the church to enroll a thousand members. With a continuance of the spirit of unity and work, why, under God, should not this end be realized? The possibilities of a thoroughly organized Congregational Church of a thousand members in a community like this are untold.
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COLORED MINISTERS OF THE BLACK BELT OF ALABAMA—EVIDENCE OF PROGRESS.
BY REV. GEORGE W. ANDREWS, D.D.
The so-called Black Belt of Alabama is a wide tract of land extending across the central portion of the State, from east to west, embracing twenty counties, more or less. In general it is level, differing widely in this respect from the hilly and mountainous region lying directly north of it. It is the great cotton producing section of the State. The soil is either sandy or a black loam, and some of it is exceedingly fertile. Here you will find the canebrakes and cypress swamps, as well as the prairies and the vast fertile regions. Here also are cities and towns of importance, such as Montgomery, Selma, Marion, Greensboro, Demopolis, Tuskegee, Eufala and the like. In the rural sections of the belt are the vast plantations and imposing mansions of ante-bellum days. Here slavery was at its best and its worst.
This part of Alabama came to be called the Black Belt because into it were gathered so many people of African descent—about 400,000—to till the soil and harvest the crops. Some say the name originated from the character of the soil. At the present time the ratio of colored people to white people varies in the different counties from two to six of the former to one of the latter. Averaging the twenty counties, the ratio is about three colored to one white, while the ratio in the State, as a whole, is about one to one. It is thus seen that the Black Belt has an interest and a character of its own, and problems somewhat more pronounced than similar problems in other parts of the State. This was far more the case thirty or even twenty years ago than now. It is doubtful whether any other section of Alabama has made more rapid progress along intellectual and moral lines the past twenty-five years than the Black Belt. Here multiplied schools and colleges and missionary efforts have been doing their utmost, and great has been the result.
Just about twenty-seven years ago the writer came from New England into this Black Belt, curious to see and to hear. One Sabbath afternoon it was noised abroad that a famous colored preacher was to speak in one of the large town churches. His text was, "And there was war in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels." Rev. 12:7. A very difficult text. The sermon, however, was almost wholly about John the "revelator," and not on the text at all. The preacher began by informing his hearers that John was a very wonderful man, and the Romans wanted to kill him, so they put him into a kettle of oil and boiled him and boiled him, but could not kill him. Hence they determined to banish him to Patmos, so they put him on board a ship and sailed for three months over the great ocean, and then they got out the telescope and looked for three thousand miles further over the mighty waters, and there they saw the tip of a great mountain coming up out of the sea, and the great serpents were coiled around the top and were sliding down the sides into the waters, and there was not a cracker there for John. And so, with scarcely a grammatical sentence and with most unfitting words, he went on for an hour with a discourse full of wildness and weirdness, and full of untruth, while the people looked on with amazement at the wonderful knowledge and power of the man. Twenty or thirty years ago you might hear many similar sermons. But now, were you to go into the churches in the cities and larger towns of the Black Belt, you would find no place for the old-time preacher or the old-time sermon, but instead you would find in the pulpit a man of considerable education and refinement, preaching good gospel truth to an attentive audience.
Some of the causes and evidences of progress in the Black Belt, both of preachers and people, may well pass in review at this point.