Esperanto Self-Taught with Phonetic Pronunciation
by William W. Mann
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Esperanto Self-Taught WITH PHONETIC PRONUNCIATION. BY *WILLIAM W. MANN.* (Member of the British Esperanto Association.)






The object of this volume is two-fold. It supplies very full and comprehensive vocabularies of the words required by the tourist or traveller, visitor or resident abroad, health or pleasure seeker, and professional or business man, together with a large number of conversational sentences of a typical and practical character. The words and phrases are classified according to subject, and the phonetic pronunciation of every word is added in accordance with Marlborough's simple and popular system of phonetics.

With the aid of this book anyone may undertake a trip to a foreign land, even if he know nothing of the language of the country he is going to, and, if he will put himself beforehand in communication with Esperantists in the various places he intends to visit, he will find them ready to help him in many ways, and his stay abroad will thus be made much more entertaining and instructive than if he had spent his time in the conventional manner of the ordinary tourist. A further great advantage of this international language is, that it opens up to the traveller, not merely one particular country, but the whole of Europe.

The book also aims at affording a practical guide to Esperanto for the student, who will find, in the section on Grammar, all that he needs to give him full insight into and grasp of the language, enabling him with very little effort to read, write and speak correctly.

By joining an Esperanto Group the learner may have frequent opportunity of conversational practice, and he will soon find that it is by no means a difficult matter to become as fluent in the auxiliary language as in his mother-tongue.[1]

Esperanto is not merely a language for tourists, but already possesses a rich literature of considerable extent, the beginnings of that "Weltlitteratur" foreseen by Goethe; it has a press of its own representing every country of importance in the world, and is constantly being made use of for professional purposes by doctors, scientists, teachers, lawyers, soldiers, sailors, merchants, etc., in every quarter of the globe. It is undoubtedly destined, ere many years have passed, to become a very important factor in the progress of the world.


London, 1908.



Fifth Impression


PAGE Alphabet, with English Phonetic Pronunciation 5

Preliminary Notes.—Accents, Vowels, Diphthongs, etc. 8

Vocabularies.—Pages 9 to 76. Amusement, Recreation and 41 Animals, Vegetables, &c.: Animals, Birds and Fishes 12 Fruit, Trees, Flowers and Vegetables 15 Reptiles and Insects 14 Colours 17 Commercial Terms 56 Correspondence 61 Countries and Nations 40 Cycling 44 Cooking and Table Utensils 29 House and Furniture, The 34 Legal Terms 54 Mankind: Relations 22 Dress and the Toilet 30 Food and Drink 27 Health 26 Human Body, The 23 Physical and Mental Powers, Qualities, etc. 24 Motoring 47 Numbers: Cardinal, Ordinal, Collective and Fractional 62-64 Parts of Speech.—Pages 64 to 76 Adjectives 64 Adverbs, Conjunctions, and Prepositions 72 Verbs 68 Photography 48 Post, Telegraph and Telephone 60 Professions and Trades 52 Recreation and Amusement 41 Religion 50 Telegraph and Telephone (Post, —) 60 Time and Seasons 17 Town, Country, and Agriculture 20 Travelling: By Road and Rail 36 " By Ship 39 Washing List 33 World and its Elements, The 9 Land and Water 10 Minerals and Metals 11

Grammar.—Pages 77 to 88. The Adjective 77 " Adverb 83 " Article 77 " Conjunction 83 " Noun 77 " Preposition 83 " Pronoun 78 " Verb 81

The Formation of Words, etc.—Pages 84 to 88. Prefixes and Suffixes 84-87 Compound Words 87 Correlatives 88

Conversations.—Pages 89 to 126. Amusements 112 Commercial and Trading 125 Correspondence 122 Custom House, At the 98 Cycling 114 Enquiries 93 Expressions, (Useful and Necessary) 89 Expressions of Emotion 93 Health 105 Legal and Judicial 123 Meals 102-105 Breakfast 102 Dinner 103 Tea 104 Money Changing 126 Motoring 115 Photography 117 Post and Telegraph 121 Religion 118 Shopping 108 Dressmaker 110 Laundress 111 Shoemaker 110 Telegraph (Post and) 121 Time of Day, The 118 Times, Seasons, and Weather 119 Town, In 106 Travelling:— Arrival 99 Bus and Tram 100 Changing Money 126 Hotel and Rooms 100 Public Notices 94 Railway, By 95 Steamer, By 97 Useful and Necessary Expressions 89

Money.—Equivalent Values 127

Weights and Measures; Postage 128


The Esperanto Alphabet has 28 letters—23 consonants, 5 vowels:—

Characters. Name and English Pronunciation. Phonetics used. - - A, a (ah) like a in father or pa; as patro (pah'troh). In unaccented syllables it should not be dwelt upon, and in all cases it should be pronounced quite purely, without the slight drawling r-sound which is sometimes added to the corresponding vowel in English ah B, b (bo) as in English b C, c (tsoh) like ts in gets, hits, and never as in English; as caro (tsah'roh) ts CX, cx (cho) like ch in church; as cxasi (chah'see) ch D, d (do) as in English, but with tip of tongue placed on back of teeth instead of on front ridge of roof of mouth d E, e (eh) like e in bend pronounced broadly, or a in hate shortly pronounced, but quite pure, entirely without the slight drawling ee-sound often heard after the English vowel; as beno (beh'noh) e, eh F, f (fo) as in English f G, g (go) like g in go, give, as gasto (gah'stoh), and never like g in gem, allege g GX, gx (jo) like g in gem, general, and j in jovial; as gxeni (jeh'nee) j H, h (ho) as in English h HX, hx (hxo) like ch in Scotch loch, ch in German hoch, j in Spanish mujer. This guttural sound is practically a very strongly aspirated h, and may be made by trying to pronounce "ho" with the throat arranged as for saying k: hxoro (khoro), hxino (khino) kh I, i (ee) like ee in seen, as li (lee). In unaccented syllables, and before two consonants together, this i practically becomes the i in it or in wind; as ferminte (fehrr-min'teh) ee, i J, j (yo) *always* like y in yet, as jes (yehss), vojo (vo'yo), and never like j in judge, joke y It should be remembered that j is always a consonant, with the sound of the English y in you. Of course, when j occurs at the end of a word or before a consonant, it practically unites with the preceding vowel to form a diphthong, and loses the full consonantal sound which it has before a vowel. Thus: Aj (ahy), like ah y in ah yes (almost like y in my); as kaj (kah'y), rajdi (rah'y-dee), krajono (krah-yo'no) ahy Ej (ehy), like ay y in say yes; as plej (pleh'y, *one* syllable) ehy Oj (oy), like oh y in oh yes (almost like oy in toy); as ranoj (rah'noy), kojno (koy'noh) oy Uj (ooy), like oo y in too young; as tuj (too'y, *one* syllable), prujno (proo'yno, *two* syllables) ooy Jx, jx (zho) like s in vision or pleasure, or j in French jeune, j'ai; as jxeti (zheh'tee) zh K, k (ko) as in English k L, l (lo) as in English l M, m (mo) as in English m N, n (no) as in English n O, o (oh) like o in horse, not diphthongized, but pronounced purely and rather shortly, as bona (boh'nah NOT bow'nah), quite without the short oo-sound frequently heard with the English vowel in such words as note, boat. Its sound is almost equivalent to aw in caw, pronounced shortly and with the lips placed roundly as if for saying o, oh; as estonta (ess-tohn'tah) oh P, p (po) as in English p R, r (ro) as in English, but sounded much more forcibly, and always with a trill as in singing; as korpo (kohr'po) r S, s (so) like s in say, as suno (soo'noh), and *never* as s in rose; as pesi (peh'see) s, ss Sx, sx (sho) like sh in show, she; as sxipo (shee'poh) sh T, t (to) as in English, but dentally with tip of tongue placed on back of teeth instead of on front ridge of roof of mouth t U, u (oo) like oo in boot, as nubo (*noo'*boh); and *never* as u in mute or but oo Ux, ux (wo) is equivalent to the English w, and is produced by a partial bringing together of the lips. It practically only w, occurs after a or e ŏŏ (1) Aux. To say antaux, for instance, say "ahn'tah," and finish by bringing the lips slightly together to pronounce the ux (w). Similarly for lauxta (lah'w-tah). This sound is not exactly the English ou in house, but is just the au in the German Haus. The phonetic sign for aux, therefore is ahw (2) Eux, as in Euxropo (ehw-ro'poh), is pronounced with a similar closing of the lips after the eh-sound ehw V, v (vo) as in English v Z, z (zo) as in English z


In order to make the best progress in acquiring the words and sentences in the following pages, the student is recommended to learn a few at a time by repeating them aloud with the aid of the phonetic pronunciation in the third column.

Although the system of phonetics may seem a little cumbersome, practice will soon enable the student to pronounce the words easily and naturally. The following notes will be useful:—

1. *Accent.*—In Esperanto, *every letter*, whether vowel or consonant, *is sounded*. *The accented syllable of a word is always the last but one.* Thus, nobla (noh'blah), irado (ee-rah'do), telefono (teh-leh-foh'no), internacia (in-tehr-naht-see'ah), folio (fohlee'oh).

It should be borne in mind that j and ux *are consonants*, and do not, like the vowels, of themselves constitute a syllable. Thus, tiu (tee'oo, *two* syllables) and tiuj (tee'ooy, also *two* syllables), rajdi (rah'y-dee, *not* rah-ĭ'dee), antaux (ahn'tahw, *not* ahn-tah'ŏŏ).

2. *The vowels, a, e, i, o, u, should in Esperanto be pronounced quite purely*, and entirely without any drawling after-sound. Many English speakers diphthongize a, i, o, and pronounce late as "la-it," pale as "pa-il," paper as "pa-y-per," road as "row-d," etc. This habit of drawling the vowels, when transferred to Esperanto, thus: Mi ne povas bone paroli, mee'y nay'ee poh'ŏŏ-vah(r)ss boh'ŏŏ-nehy pah(r)-roh'ŏŏ-leey, immediately reveals the nationality of the speaker.

There is also an inclination to interpose an r-sound between la ("the") and a word beginning with a vowel, thus: la(r)ebleco instead of la ebleco, la(r)internacia lingvo instead of la internacia lingvo, etc. This should be avoided.

3. *Combinations of Consonants.*—There are a few consonantal combinations which offer a slight difficulty to English beginners, viz., gv, kn, kv, sc. The combinations gv, kn, and kv, as in gvidi (gvee'dee), knabo (knah'bo), kvieto (kvee-eh'toh), may be practised by first placing a vowel before the g or k, and gradually suppressing it. Thus, first say la knabo (lahk-nah'bo), and gradually drop the "lah," until finally knabo can be said without difficulty.

The combination sc, as in sceno (stseh'no), may be learnt thus: Say "last sane" several times, very distinctly pronouncing the st and the s, then gradually "'st sane", and finally sceno (stseh'no) without any preceding vowel-sound. When this combination follows a vowel, as in mi scias, it should cause no difficulty, for the s is easily pronounced with the first syllable, thus: meess-tsee'ahss.

* * * * *

LETTER FROM DR. ZAMENHOF. (Founder of Esperanto.)

Varsovio, 14.9.08.

KARAJ SINJOROJ,—Kun plezuro kaj danko mi ricevis vian leteron de 10.9, kaj ankaux la presprovajxon de "Esperanto Self-Taught."

Cxar Sro Mann estas tre kompetenta kaj sperta esperantisto, tial mi estas tute certa, ke la libro verkita de li estos tre bona kaj tre utila.


(Signed) ZAMENHOF.


Warsaw, 14.9.08.

Dear Sirs,—I received your letter of Sept. 10, and the proofs of "Esperanto Self-Taught," with pleasure and thanks.

As Mr. Mann is a very competent and experienced Esperantist, I am quite certain that the book written by him will be very good and very useful.


(Signed) ZAMENHOF.


1. The World & its Elements. (La Mondo kaj gxiaj Elementoj.)

(See Notes on the Article)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Air aero ah-eh'ro cloud nubo noo'bo cold malvarmo mahl-vahrr'mo darkness mallumo mahl-loo'mo dew roso ro'so dust polvo pohl'vo earth tero teh'ro east oriento o-ree-ehn'toh eclipse eklipso eh-klip'so fire fajro fahy'ro fog nebulo neh-boo'lo frost frosto frohst'o hail hajlo hahy'lo heat varmo vahrr'mo light lumo loo'mo lightning fulmo fool'mo moon; , new luno; nova luno loo'no; no'vah loo'no , full plena luno pleh'nah loo'no moonlight lunlumo loon'loo'mo nature naturo nah-too'ro north nordo nohrr'doh rain pluvo ploo'vo rainbow cxielarko chee-ehl-ahr'ko shade, shadow ombro ohm'bro sky cxielo chee-eh'lo snow negxo neh'jo south sudo soo'doh star stelo steh'lo sun suno soo'no thaw degelo deh-geh'lo thunder tondro tohn'dro weather vetero veteh'ro west okcidento ohk-tsee-dehn'toh wind vento vehn'toh

2. Land and Water. (La Tero kaj la Akvo.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Bay golfeto golf-eh'toh beach marbordo mahrbohr'doh canal kanalo kanah'lo cape terkapo tehr-kah'po cliff krutegajxo kroo-teh-gah'zho coast marbordo mahr-bohr'doh creek kriko kree'ko current akvofluo ahk'vo-floo'oh ebb malfluso mahl-floo'so flood (deluge) inundo in-oon'doh (of the tide) fluso floo'so flow fluo floo'oh foam sxauxmo shahw'mo hill monteto mohn-teh'toh ice glacio glaht-see'oh island insulo in-soo'lo lake lago lah'go land tero teh'ro mainland cxeftero chehf-teh'ro marsh marcxo mahr'cho moor stepo steh'po mountain monto mohn'toh mud koto ko'toh river rivero reeveh'ro rock roko ro'ko sand sablo sah'blo sea maro mah'ro sea-shore marbordo mahr-bohr'doh shingle sxtonetajxo shto-neh-tah'zho storm ventego ven-teh'go stream rivereto rivehr-eh'toh tide; , high tajdo; altmaro tahy'doh; ahlt-mah'ro , low malaltmaro mahl'ahlt-mah'ro valley valo vah'lo water; , fresh akvo; sensala akvo ahk'vo; sen-sah'la ahk'vo , salt sala akvo sah'la ahk'vo waterfall akvofalo ahk'vo-fah'lo wave ondo ohn'doh well akvoputo ahk'vo-poo'toh

3. Minerals & Metals. (Mineraloj kaj Metaloj.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Alum aluno ahloo'no amber sukceno sookt-seh'no brass latuno lah-too'no bricks brikoj bree'koy bronze bronzo brohn'zo cement cemento tseh-mehn'to chalk kreto kreh'to clay argilo ahr-ghee'lo coal karbo kahrr'bo concrete betono beh-toh'no copper kupro koo'pro coral koralo kohrah'lo crystal kristalo kris-tah'lo diamond diamanto dee-ahmahn'toh emerald smeraldo smehrahl'doh glass vitro vee'tro gold oro oh'ro granite granito grahnee'toh gravel gruzo groo'zo iron fero feh'ro , cast fandfero fahnd-feh'ro , wrought forgxfero fohrj-feh'ro lead plumbo ploom'bo lime kalko kahl'ko marble marmoro mahrr-moh'ro mercury hidrargo heedrahrr'go mortar mortero mohr-teh'ro nickel nikelo nik-eh'loh opal opalo ohpah'lo ore minajxo meenah'zho pearl perlo pehrr'lo ruby rubeno roobeh'no silver argxento ahrr-jehn'toh slate ardezo ahrr-deh'zo soda sodo so'doh steel sxtalo shtah'lo stone sxtono shtoh'no tin stano stah'no zinc zinko zeen'ko

4. Animals, Birds & Fishes. (Bestoj, Birdoj, kaj Fisxoj.)

(See Shopping, section 53.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Animal besto beh'stoh barking bojado bo-yah'doh bear urso oorr'so bird birdo beerr'doh blackbird merlo mehrr'lo braying azenbleko ah-zehn-bleh'ko bull bovoviro bo'vo-veer'oh calf bovido bo-vee'doh canary kanario kanah-ree'oh cat kato kah'toh chicken kokido ko-kee'doh claw, nail ungo oon'go cock koko ko'ko cod moruo mo-roo'oh colt cxevalido chehvah-lee'doh cow bovino bo-vee'no crab krabo krah'bo cuckoo kukolo koo-ko'lo deer damcervo dahm-tsehrr'vo dog hundo hoon'doh donkey azeno ah-zeh'no dove, pigeon kolombo ko-lohm'bo duck anaso ah-nah'so , wild sovagxa anaso so-vah'ja ah-nah'so eagle aglo ah'glo eel angilo ahn-ghee'lo elephant elefanto ehleh-fahn'toh feather plumo ploo'mo fins nagxiloj nah-jee'loy fish fisxo fee'sho fowl kortbirdo kohrrt-beer'doh fox vulpo vool'po fur felo feh'lo game cxasajxo chah-sah'zho gills brankoj brahn'koy goat kapro kah'pro goose ansero ahn-seh'ro gull mevo meh'vo haddock eglefino eh-gleh-fee'no hake merlucxo mehr-loo'cho hare leporo lepoh'ro hen kokino ko-kee'no herring haringo har-een'go hoof hufo hoo'foh horn korno kohrr'no horse cxevalo cheh-vah'loh howling blekado bleh-kah'doh lamb sxafido shah-fee'do lark alauxdo ahl-ahw'doh lion leono leh-oh'no lobster omaro o-mah'ro mackerel skombro skohm'bro magpie pigo pee'go mane kolhararo kohl'har-ah'ro mewing miauxado mee-ah-wah'doh monkey simio sim-ee'oh mouse muso moo'so mullet mugelo moo-gheh'lo nightingale najtingalo nahy-tin-gah'lo owl strigo stree'go ox bovo bo'vo oyster ostro oh'stro parrot papago pa-pah'go partridge perdriko pehr-dree'ko paw piedo pee-eh'doh peacock pavo pah'voh pheasant fazano fah-zah'no pig porko pohrr'ko pike ezoko eh-zo'ko plaice plateso plah-teh'so quail koturno ko-toorr'no rabbit kuniklo koo-nee'klo rat rato rah'toh raven korvo kohrr'vo rook frugilego froo-ghee-leh'go salmon salmo sahl'mo sheep sxafo shah'fo snipe marcxa skolopo mar'chah sko-lo'po sparrow pasero pa-seh'ro stork cikonio tsee-konee'oh swallow hirundo hee-roon'doh swan cigno tseeg'noh tail vosto vo'sto thrush turdo toorr'doh tiger tigro tee'gro tortoise testudo tess-too'doh trout truto troo'toh turbot rombfisxo rohmb-fee'sho turkey meleagro meh-leh-ah'gro turtle kelonio keh-lo-nee'oh whale baleno bah-leh'no wing flugilo floo-ghee'lo wolf lupo loo'po wren regolo reh-go'lo

5. Reptiles & Insects. (Rampuloj kaj Insektoj.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Ant formiko fohrmee'ko bee abelo ah-beh'lo beetle skarabo skarah'bo bug cimo tsee'moh butterfly papilio pah-peelee'oh caterpillar rauxpo rahw'po flea pulo poo'lo fly musxo moo'shoh frog rano rah'noh gnat kulo koo'lo grasshopper akrido ah-kree'doh insect insekto insek'toh moth; , clothes- faleno; tineo fah-leh'no; teeneh'oh silkworm silkrauxpo silk-rahw'po snail heliko heh-lee'ko snake serpento sehr-pehn'toh spider araneo arah-neh'oh sting pikilo peekee'lo toad bufo boo'fo wasp vespo vehs'po worm vermo vehrr'mo

6. Fruits, Trees[2], Flowers & Vegetables (Fruktoj, Arboj, Floroj, kaj Legomoj.)

(For Shopping, see section 52.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Acorn glano glah'noh almond migdalo mig-dah'lo apple pomo poh'mo apricot abrikoto ahbree-ko'toh ash frakseno frahk-seh'noh asparagus asparago ahspah-rah'go banana banano bahnah'no bark arbsxelo ahrb-sheh'lo beans faboj fah'boy beech (-tree) fago fah'go beetroot beto beh'toh birch (-tree) betulo beh-too'lo blackberry rubuso roo-boo'so bouquet bukedo bookeh'do branch brancxo brahn'cho buttercup ranunkulo rahnoon-koo'lo cabbage brasiko brahsee'ko carrot karoto kahroh'toh cauliflower florbrasiko flohr'brah-see'ko celery celerio tseh-lehree'oh cherry cxerizo chehree'zo chestnut (edible) kasxtano kashtah'no chrysanthemum krizantemo krizahn-teh'mo cucumber kukumo kookoo'mo currants (dried) korintoj kohreen'toy daisy lekanteto leh-kahn-teh'toh dandelion leontodo leh-ontoh'doh elm (-tree) ulmo ool'mo evergreen cxiamverdulo chee'ahm-vehrdoo'lo fern filiko feelee'ko fibre fibro fee'broh fig figo fee'go fir (-tree) abio ahbee'oh flower floro floh'roh fruit-tree fruktarbo frookt-ahr'bo gooseberry groso groh'so grape vinbero veenbeh'ro holly ilekso eelek'so horse-chestnut hipo-kasxtano hee'po-kahshtah'no horse-radish kreno kreh'no ivy hedero heh-deh'ro kernel kerno kehrr'no laurel lauxro lahw'ro leaf folio fohlee'oh lemon citrono tsee-troh'no lettuce laktuko lahk-too'ko lily lilio leelee'oh lily-of-the-valley konvalo kohn-vah'lo lime (fruit); limedo; tilio leemeh'do; teelee'oh -tree maize maizo mah-ee'zo maple acero aht-seh'ro melon melono meh-loh'no misletoe visko vees'ko mulberry moruso moh-roo'so nettle urtiko oortee'ko nut; walnut nukso; juglando nook'so; yooglahn'do oak (-tree) kverko kvehrr'ko onion bulbo bool'bo orange orangxo ohrahn'jo parsnip pastinako pahstee-nah'ko peach persiko pehrr-see'ko pear piro pee'ro peas pizoj pee'zoy pine-apple ananaso ah-nahnah'so plant kreskajxo kreskah'zho plum pruno proo'no potatoes terpomo tehrr-poh'mo primrose primolo pree-mo'lo privet ligustro lee-goost'ro pumpkin kukurbo kookoorr'bo radishes rafanoj rahfah'noy raisins sekvinberoj sek-vinbeh'roy raspberry frambo frahm'bo root radiko rahdee'ko rose rozo roh'zo skin, shell (of sxelo sheh'lo fruit) sloe prunelo prooneh'lo spinach spinaco speenaht'so stalk, stem trunketo troonkeh'toh strawberry frago frah'go stump stumpo stoom'po tomato tomato toh-mah'toh tree arbo ar'bo trunk (tree-) trunko troon'ko tulip tulipo toolee'po turnip napo nah'po vegetable marrow medolkukurbo mehdohl'kookoor'bo vine vinberujo vinbehr-oo'yoh violet violo vee-oh'lo willow saliko sahlee'ko

7. Colours. (Koloroj.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Black nigra nee'gra blue blua bloo'ah brown bruna broo'na crimson punca poont'sah dark malhela mahl-heh'la green verda vehrr'da grey griza gree'za light hela heh'la orange orangxa ohrahn'ja pink rozkolora rohz-kohlo'ra purple purpura poorr-poo'ra red rugxa roo'ja scarlet skarlata skahr-lah'ta violet violkolora veeohl'kohlo'ra white blanka blahn'ka yellow flava flah'va

8. Times & Seasons. (La Tempoj kaj la Sezonoj.)

(For Conversations, see section 63.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Afternoon posttagmezo post-tahg-meh'zo Bank holidays bankaj libertagoj bahn'kahy lee-behrr-tah'goy Good Friday Sankta Vendredo sahnk'tah ven-dreh'doh Easter Monday Paska lundo pah'skah loon'doh Whit-Monday Pentekosta lundo penteh-ko'stah loon'doh first Monday in la unua lundo en lah oo-noo'ah loon'doh August Auxgusto en ahw-goo'sto Boxing-day la tago post lah tah'go post Kristnasko krist-nah'sko beginning komencigxo koh-ment-see'jo birthday naskotago nah'sko-tah'go century centjaro tsehnt-yah'ro Christmas-day Kristnasko krist-nah'sko dawn, daybreak tagigxo tah-ghee'jo day tago tah'go days of the week tagoj de la semajno tah'goy deh la sehmahy'no Sunday dimancxo deemahn'cho Monday lundo loon'doh Tuesday mardo mahrr'doh Wednesday merkredo mehrr-kreh'doh Thursday jxauxdo zhahw'doh Friday vendredo vendreh'doh Saturday sabato sahbah'toh Easter Pasko pah'sko end fino fee'no evening vespero veh-speh'ro fortnight du semajnoj doo seh-mahy'noy half duono doo-oh'no half-a-century duoncentjaro doo-ohn'tsent-yah'ro half-an-hour duonhoro doo-ohn-ho'ro holiday libertempo libehr-tehm'po hour horo ho'ro last month lastan monaton lah'stahn monah'tohn last night hieraux nokte hee-eh'rahw nohk'teh last Sunday lastan dimancxon lah'stahn deemahn'chon last week lastan semajnon lah'stahn seh-mahy'nohn leap year superjaro soo'pehrr-yah'ro Lent la Fastsezono la fahst'seh-zo'no Michaelmas la tago de Sankta lah tah'go deh Mihxaelo sahnk'tah meekhah-eh'lo midnight noktomezo nohk'toh-meh'zo midsummer somermezo so-mehr-meh'zo minute minuto mee-noo'toh month monato mo-nah'toh months, the la monatoj la mo-nah'toy January Januaro yah-noo-ah'ro February Februaro feh-broo-ah'ro March Marto mahrr'toh April Aprilo ah-pree'lo May Majo mah'yo June Junio yoo-nee'oh July Julio yoo-lee'oh August Auxgusto ahw-goost'oh September Septembro sep-tehm'bro October Oktobro ok-toh'bro November Novembro no-vehm'bro December Decembro deht-sehm'bro morning mateno mah-teh'no next day la proksima(n) la proksee'mah(n) tago(n)[3] tah'goh(n) night nokto nok'toh noon tagmezo tahg-meh'zo quarter kvarono kvah-ro'no quarter of an hour kvaronhoro kvah-rohn-ho'ro season sezono seh-zo'no seasons la sezonoj la seh-zo'noy spring printempo prin-tehm'po summer somero soh-mehr'o autumn auxtuno ahw-too'no winter vintro vin'tro second sekundo seh-koon'doh sunrise sunlevigxo soon'leh-vee'jo sunset sunsubiro soon'soobeer'o time tempo tehm'po to-day hodiaux hoh-dee'ahw to-morrow morgaux morr'gahw to-night hodiaux nokte hoh-dee'ahw nok'teh twilight krepusko krehpoos'ko week semajno seh-mahy'no week-day labortago lahbohr-tah'go Whitsuntide Pentekosto penteh-kohs'toh year jaro yah'ro yesterday hieraux hee-eh'rahw yesterday morning hieraux matene hee-eh'rahw mahteh'neh

9. Town, Country and Agriculture. (La Urbo, la Kamparo, kaj la Terkulturo).

(For Conversations, see section 52.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Bank deklivo deh-klee'vo bank (edge) bordo bohrr'doh barley hordeo hohrdeh'o barn grenejo greh-neh'yo bridge ponto pohn'toh brook rivereto reevehr-eh'toh building konstruajxo kon-stroo-ah'zho bush, shrub arbusto ahrr-boo'sto cattle brutoj broo'toy cemetery tombejo tohm-beh'yo clover trifolio tree-fohl-ee'o corn greno greh'no cottage dometo doh-meh'toh country, the la kamparo lah kahm-pah'ro courtyard korto kohrr'toh crop rikolto ree-kohl'toh dairy laktejo lahk-teh'yo ditch fosajxo foh-sah'zho drain drenilo drehn-ee'lo farm farmbieno fahrm'bee-eh'no farmer farmisto fahrm-ist'o fence palisaro pahlee-sah'ro field kampo kahm'po flock (of sheep) sxafaro shahf-ah'ro foot-path piedvojeto pee-ehd'vo-yeh'toh foot-pavement trotuaro tro-tooahr'o forest arbaro ahr-bar'o garden gxardeno jahrr-deh'no gate barpordo bahr-pohr'doh grass herbo hehrr'bo harvest grenrikolto grehn'reekohl'toh hay fojno foy'no hedge plektobarilo plek'toh-bahree'lo herd bovaro bo-vah'ro high road cxefvojo chehf-vo'yoh hotel hotelo ho-teh'lo hut kabano kah-bah'noh inn gastejo gah-steh'yoh labourer laboristo lah-bo-reest'o land, soil tero tehr'o library biblioteko bib-lee-oh-teh'ko log sxtipo shtee'po manure sterko stehrr'ko market vendejo vendeh'yo market-place vendeja placo vendeh'ya plaht'so meadow herbejo hehr-beh'yo mile mejlo mehy'lo mill muelilo moo-ehlee'lo monument monumento mo-noomehn'toh oats aveno ah-veh'no palace palaco pah-laht'so place, spot loko lo'ko pasture pasxtejo pah-shteh'yo plough plugilo ploo-ghee'lo police-station policejo pohleet-seh'yo prison malliberejo mahl-lee-beh-reh'yo public-house trinkejo trin-keh'yoh restaurant restoracio restohraht-see'o river rivero ree-veh'ro road vojo vo'yoh rye sekalo seh-kah'lo school lernejo lehrr-neh'yo seed semo seh'mo shepherd pasxtisto pah-shteest'o shop butiko bootee'ko square placo plaht'so stack stako stah'ko street strato strah'toh street-lamp stratlanterno straht'lahn-tehrr'no tower turo toor'o town urbo oorr'bo town-hall urbdomo oorrb-doh'mo tramway tramvojo trahm-vo'yoh tree arbo ahrr'bo university universitato oonivehr-seetah'toh village vilagxo veelah'jo waterfall akvofalo ahk'vo-fah'lo wheat tritiko treetee'ko

10. Mankind: Relations. (La Homaro: Parencoj).

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Aunt onklino ohn-klee'no baby infaneto infahn-eh'toh boy knabo knah'bo bride edzinigato ed-zeenee-gah'toh bridegroom edzigato edzee-gah'toh brother frato frah'toh child infano infahn'o cousin kuzo m., kuzino f. koo'zo, koozee'no daughter filino feelee'no daughter-in-law bofilino bo-feelee'no family familio fahmee-lee'o father patro pah'tro father-in-law bopatro bo-pah'tro gentleman, Mr. sinjoro seenyohr'o girl knabino knah-bee'no grand-daughter nepino neh-pee'no grandfather avo ah'vo grandmother avino ah-vee'no grandson nepo neh'po husband edzo ehd'zo lady, Mrs. sinjorino seen-yohr-ee'no man, a viro vee'ro man (human being) homo ho'mo marriage edzigxo ed-zee'jo mother patrino pah-tree'no mother-in-law bopatrino bo-pah-tree'no nephew nevo neh'vo niece nevino neh-vee'no parents gepatroj gheh-pah'troy people, the la popolo lah po-po'lo person persono pehr-so'no single man, frauxlo frahw'lo bachelor single woman, frauxlino frahw-lee'no young lady, Miss sister fratino frah-tee'no sister-in-law bofratino bo-frahtee'no son filo fee'lo step-son duonfilo doo-ohn-fee'lo uncle onklo ohn'klo widow vidvino vid-vee'no widower vidvo veed'vo wife edzino ed-zee'no woman virino veeree'no

11. The Human Body. (La Homa Korpo).

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Abdomen ventro vehn'tro ankle maleolo mah-leh-o'lo arm brako brah'ko back dorso dohrr'so beard barbo bahrr'bo blood sango sahn'go body korpo kohrr'po bone osto oh'sto bowels intestoj intess'toy brain cerbo tsehrr'bo cheek vango vahn'go chest brusto broo'sto chin mentono men-toh'no complexion vizagxkoloro veezahj'ko-lohr'o ear orelo o-reh'lo elbow kubuto kooboo'toh eye okulo o-koo'lo eyebrow brovo bro'vo eyelid palpebro pahlpeh'bro face vizagxo vee-zah'jo finger fingro feen'gro foot piedo pee-eh'doh forehead frunto froon'toh hair, a; hair, -s haro; la haroj ha'ro; la hah'roy hand mano mah'no head kapo kah'po heart koro ko'ro heel kalkano kahlkah'no kidneys renoj reh'noy knee genuo gheh-noo'oh leg kruro kroo'ro limb membro mehm'bro lip lipo lee'po liver hepato heh-pah'toh lungs pulmoj pool'moy moustache lipharoj leep-hah'roy mouth busxo boo'sho nail ungo oon'go neck kolo ko'lo nose nazo nah'zo shoulder sxultro shool'tro side flanko flahn'ko skin hauxto hahw'toh spine spino spee'no stomach stomako sto-mah'ko temple tempio tehmpee'oh throat gorgxo gohrr'jo thumb dika fingro dee'kah feen'gro toe piedfingro pee-ehd-feen'gro tongue lango lahn'go tooth dento dehn'toh whiskers vangharoj vahng-hah'roy wrist karpeo kahrr-peh'o

12. Physical & Mental Powers, Qualities, etc. (Korpaj kaj Mensaj Kapabloj, Ecoj, k.t.p.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Age agxo ah'jo , old maljuneco mahl-yoon-eht'so anger kolero ko-leh'ro art arto ahrr'toh breadth, width largxeco lahrr-jeht'so character karaktero kar-ahk-teh'ro childhood infaneco infahn-eht'so depth profundeco pro-foon-deht'so dislike malameti mah-lah-meh'tee emotions emocioj eh-moht-see'oy fear timo tee'mo foolishness, folly malsagxeco mahl-sah-jeht'so gentleness mildeco meel-deht'so goodness boneco bo-neht'so greatness grandeco grahn-deht'so hatred malamo mahl-ah'mo height grandeco grahn-deht'so stature staturo stah-too'ro honesty; honesteco; mal- honest-eht'so; mahl- dishonesty honour; dishonour honoro; mal- ho-noh'ro; mahl- intellect intelekto intelehk'toh intelligence inteligenteco intehlee-ghen-teht'so joy gxojo joh'yo judgment (faculty) jugxkapablo yooj'kah-pah'blo knowledge scio stsee'oh laughter; a laugh ridado; rido ree-dah'doh; ree'doh learning klereco klehr-eht'so length longeco lohn-geht'so love amo ah'mo manhood vireco veer-eht'so mind menso mehn'so patience pacienco paht-see-ehnt'so pleasure plezuro pleh-zoor'o politeness, gxentileco jehn-tee-leht'so courtesy reason (faculty) prudento proo-dehn'toh science scienco stsee-ehnt'so senses, the la sentoj lah sehn'toy feeling, touch palpado pahl-pah'doh hearing auxdado ahw-dah'doh seeing, sight vidado vee-dah'doh smelling, smell flarado flah-rah'do tasting, taste gustumado goostoom-ah'doh shape formo fohrr'mo size amplekso ahm-plek'so smell (odour) odoro oh-doh'ro smiling; a smile ridetado; rideto reedehtah'do; reedeh'toh sneezing; a sneeze ternado; terno tehrr-nah'doh; tehrr'no sorrow malgxojo mahl-jo'yo speaking, speech parolado pah-ro-lah'doh strength forteco fohrr-teht'so stupidity stulteco stool-teht'so surprise surprizo soorr-pree'zo taste (of a thing) gusto goos'toh thickness dikeco dee-keht'so thinking, thought pensado pehn-sah'doh thought, a penso pehn'so voice vocxo vo'cho weakness (quality) malforteco mahl-fohrr-teht'so wisdom sagxo sah'jo womanhood virineco vee-ree-neht'so youth (quality) juneco yoo-neht'so

13. Health. (La Sano.)

(For Conversations see section 51.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Accident akcidento ahkt-see-dehn'toh ambulance ambulanco ahm-boo-lahnt'so bandage bandagxo bahn-dah'jo biliousness galmalsano gahl-mahl-sah'no blister veziketo veh-zee-keh'toh bruise kontuzo kon-too'zo burn brulvundo brool-voon'doh chemist's (shop) apoteko ahpo-teh'ko chilblain frostabsceso frohst-ahbs-tseh'so chill, cold malvarmumo mahl-vahr-moo'mo contagion kontagxio kon-tahjee'o corns kaloj kah'loy cough tuso too'so cramp krampfo krahmp'fo dentist dentisto dehn-tis'toh diarrhoea lakso lahk'so diet dieto dee-eht'o disease, illness malsano mahl-sah'no doctor kuracisto koo-raht-sis'toh dysentery disenterio dis-ehn-teh-ree'o exercise ekzercado ek-zehrt-sah'do exhaustion ellacigxo ellaht-see'jo to faint sveni sveh'nee fainting sveno sveh'no fever febro feh'bro fit atako (epilepsia) ah-tah'ko (eh-peelep-see'ah) fracture ostrompo ost-rohm'po gout podagro po-dah'gro headache kapdoloro kahp-dolohr'o hospital hospitalo hospit-ah'lo ill, sick malsana mahl-sah'nah indigestion dispepsio dis-pep-see'o inflammation inflamo inflah'mo lame lama lah'ma medicine medicino med-eet-see'no nurse flegistino fleh-ghis-tee'no ointment ungvento oong-vehn'toh operation operacio oh-peh-raht-see'o pain doloro doh-lohr'o paralysis paralizo pa-rah-lee'zo physician medicinisto mehdit-seen-eest'o pill pilolo pee-lo'lo poison veneno veh-neh'no poultice kataplasmo kah-tah-plahs'mo prescription recepto reht-sep'toh rest ripozado ree-po-zah'doh scald brogo broh'go sea-sickness marmalsano mahr-mahl-sah'no sprain tordvundo tohrd-voon'doh sting pikvundo peek-voon'doh tonic stimulilo stimoolee'lo unwell, to be farti malbone fahrr'tee mahlbo'neh well, to be farti bone fahrr'tee bo'neh wound vundo voon'doh

14. Food & Drink. (Mangxajxoj kaj Trinkajxoj.)

(For Conversations see sections 48-50.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Appetite apetito ah-peh-tee'toh beverages trinkajxoj trin-kah'zhoy beer biero bee-ehr'o chocolate cxokolado cho-ko-lah'doh cocoa kakao kah-kah'o coffee kafo kah'fo lemonade citronakvo tsee-trohn-ahk'vo milk lakto lahk'toh soda water sodakvo sohd-ahk'vo tea teo teh'o water akvo ahk'vo wine vino vee'no bill-of-fare mangxokarto mahn'jo-kahr'toh biscuits biskvitoj bisk-vee'toy bread pano pah'no brown bread bruna pano broo'nah pah'no new bread fresxa pano freh'shah pah'no stale bread malfresxa pano mahl-freh'shah pah'no rolls bulkoj bool'koy hot roll varma bulko vahr'mah bool'ko boiled bolkuirita bohl'koo-eeree'tah bottle botelo boh-teh'lo butter butero boo-tehr'o cake kuko koo'ko cheese fromagxo fro-mah'jo chicken kokidajxo koh-keed-ah'zho cinnamon cinamo tsee-nah'mo cooked; un- kuirita; ne- koo-eeree'tah; neh- cream kremo kreh'mo custard flano flah'no dessert deserto deh-sehr'toh eggs ovoj oh'voy fish, dried sekigita fisxo seh-kee-ghee'tah fee'sho , fresh fresxa fisxo freh'shah fee'sho flour faruno fah-roo'no fowl kokajxo koh-kah'zho fruits fruktoj frook'toy ginger zingibro zin-ghee'bro honey mielo mee-eh'lo hunger malsato mahl-sah'toh ice, an glaciajxo glahtsee-ah'zho jam, preserve konfitajxo konfee-tah'zho marmalade marmelado mahr-meh-lah'do meals mangxoj mahn'joy breakfast matenmangxo maht-ehn-mahn'jo dinner cxefmangxo chehf-mahn'jo luncheon luncxo loon'cho tea teomangxo teh'o-mahn'jo supper vespermangxo vespehr-mahn'jo meat viando vee-ahn'doh bacon lardo lahr'doh beef bovajxo bo-vah'zho beefsteak bifsteko beef-steh'ko fat graso grah'so ham sxinko sheen'ko kidneys renoj reh'noy lamb sxafidajxo shah-feedah'zho lean malgraso mahl-grah'so mutton sxafajxo shah-fah'zho mutton cutlet sxafkotletoj shahf'kot-leh'toy pork porkajxo pohrr-kah'zho sausage kolbaso kohl-bah'so veal bovidajxo bo-veed-ah'zho mustard mustardo moos-tahr'doh oil oleo o-leh'o omelet, an omeleto oh-meh-leh'toh pancake krespo kreh'spo pastry kukajxoj koo-kah'zhoy pepper pipro pee'pro pie pastecxo pahs-teh'cho poultry kortbirdajxo kort-beerr-dah'zho pudding pudingo poo-deen'go rice rizo ree'zo roast(ed) rostita roh-stee'tah salad salato sah-laht'o salt salo sah'lo sauce, gravy sauxco sahwt'so smoking fumado foo-mah'doh cigar cigaro tsee-gahr'o cigarette cigaredo tsee-gahr-eh'doh matches alumetoj ahloo-meh'toy pipe pipo pee'po tobacco tabako tah-bah'ko tobacco-pouch tabakujo tah-bah-koo'yo soup supo soo'po sugar sukero soo-kehr'o sweets dolcxajxoj dohl-chah'zhoy thirst soifo so-eef'o toothpick dentpurigilo dent'pooree-ghee'lo under-done ne elkuirita neh elkoo-eeree'tah vegetables legomoj leh-go'moy vinegar vinagro vee-nah'gro well-done elkuirita el-koo-eeree'tah

15. Cooking & Table Utensils. (Kuiraj kaj Mangxaj Iloj.)

(For Conversations See sections 48-50.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Basin pelvo pehl'vo coffee-pot kafpoto kahf-po'toh corkscrew korktirilo kork-teeree'lo cruet-stand kondimentujo kondimehntoo'yo cup taso tah'so decanter karafo kah-rah'fo dish plado plah'do dish-cover pladkovrilo plahd'ko-vree'lo filter filtrilo fil-tree'lo fork forko fohrr'ko frying-pan pato pah'toh glass, tumbler glaso glah'so grill rostokrado ro'sto-krah'doh jug krucxo kroo'cho kettle bolilo bo-lee'lo knife trancxilo trahn-chee'lo lid kovrilo ko-vree'lo mat mato mah'toh nut-crackers nuksrompilo nooks-rompee'lo oven bakforno bahk-fohr'no plate telero teleh'ro salt-cellar salujo sah-loo'yo saucepan kaserolo kah-sehr-oh'lo saucer tastelero tahss-teleh'ro serviette busxtuko boosh-too'ko (soup-)ladle (sup)kulerego (soop')koo-lehr-eh'go spoon kulero koo-leh'ro stove forno fohrr'no strainer kribrokulero kree'bro-koo-leh'ro table-cloth tablotuko tah'blo-too'ko teapot te-poto teh-po'toh tea-spoon te-kulero teh-kooleh'ro tray pleto pleh'toh water-bottle akvokarafo ahk'vo-karah'fo wine-glass vinglaso veen-glah'so

16. Dress & the Toilet. (La Vestoj kaj la Tualeto.)

(See also Washing List, following, and Conversations section 53-56.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Bath bano bah'no bodice korsajxo kor-sah'zho bonnet kufo koo'fo bootlaces lacxoj lah'choy boots botoj bo'toy bow banto bahn'toh bracelet braceleto braht-seh-leht'o braces sxelko shehl'ko breeches pantaloneto pahn-tah-lo-neh'toh brooch brocxo bro'cho brush broso bro'so brush, clothes- vestbroso vest-bro'so , nail- ungobroso oon'go-bro'so , tooth- dentbroso dent-bro'so buckle buko boo'ko button butono boo-to'no button-hook butontirilo boo-tohn'tee-ree'lo cap cxapeto cha-peh'toh cloak mantelo mahn-teh'lo clothing, dress vestajxo vestah'zho coat vesto veh'sto comb kombilo kohm-bee'lo corsets, stays korseto kor-seh'toh dress, gown robo ro'bo evening dress frako frah'ko eye-glasses nazumo na-zoo'mo frock-coat redingoto red-ingo'toh gaiters gamasxoj gah-mah'shoy garters sxtrumpligiloj shtroom-plee-ghee'loy gloves gantoj gahn'toy hairpin harpinglo har-peen'glo hat cxapelo chahpeh'lo hatpin cxapelpinglo chapehl-peen'glo jacket jako yah'ko jewellery juveloj yoo-veh'loy knot nodo no'do linen tolajxo to-lah'zho lining subsxtofo soob-shtoh'fo looking-glass, spegulo speh-goo'lo mirror material (dress, sxtofo shtoh'fo etc.) calico kalikoto kahlee-ko'toh cloth drapo drah'po cotton katuno kahtoo'no crape krepo kreh'po flannel flanelo flahneh'lo flannelette flaneleto flahneh-leh'toh fur pelto pehl'toh lace punto poon'toh leather ledo leh'doh linen tolo toh'lo muslin muslino mooss-lee'no print katuno kahtoo'no satin atlaso ahtlah'so silk silko seel'ko velvet veluro vel-oor'o velveteen felpo fehl'po wool lano lah'no morning-coat jxako zhah'ko muff mufo moo'fo needle kudrilo koo-dree'lo overcoat palto pahl'toh parasol sunombrelo soon-ombreh'lo petticoat subjupo soob-yoo'po pins pingloj peen'gloy pocket posxo po'sho pocket-book posxlibro pohsh-lee'bro purse monujo mo-noo'yo razor razilo rahzee'lo ribbon rubando roo-bahn'doh ring ringo reen'go scissors tondilo tohndee'loh sewing-cotton kotonfadeno ko-tohn'fah-deh'no sewing-silk silkfadeno silk-fahdeh'no shawl sxalo shah'lo shoe-horn sxukorno shoo-kohr'no shoes sxuoj shoo'oy skirt jupo yoo'po sleeve maniko mah-nee'ko slippers pantofloj pahn-toh'floy soap sapo sah'po spectacles okulvitroj okool-vee'troy sponge spongo spohn'go stud kolumbutono koloom'boo-toh'no suit (clothes) kompleto kom-pleh'toh tape rubandeto roobahn-deh'toh thimble fingringo fin-green'go thread fadeno fah-deh'no tie, neck-tie kravato krah-vah'toh tooth-powder dentpulvoro dent-pool-vo'ro trousers pantalono pahn-tahlo'no tunic tuniko too-nee'ko umbrella pluvombrelo ploov-ombreh'lo veil vualo voo-ah'lo waistcoat vesxto vesh'toh walking-stick irbastono eer-bah-sto'no watch posxhorlogxo pohsh-horlo'jo waterproof (coat) pluvmantelo ploov-mahn-teh'lo

17. Washing List. (Lavlisto.)

(For Conversations see section 56.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Aprons antauxtukoj ahn'tahw-too'koy blankets lanaj litkovriloj lah'nahy leet'ko-vree'loy blouses bluzoj bloo'zoy bodices korsajxoj kohr-sah'zhoy chemises cxemizoj virinaj cheh-mee'zoy vee-reen'ahy collars, lace puntaj kolumoj poon'tahy ko-loo'moy collars, linen tolaj kolumoj to'lahy ko-loo'moy combinations kombinajxoj kom-been-ah'zhoy cuffs manumoj mah-noo'moy drawers, pairs of kalsonoj kahl-so'noy dresses roboj ro'boy dressing-gowns negligxroboj neh-gleej-ro'boy dusters visxtukoj veesh-too'koy handkerchiefs, naztukoj nahz-too'koy pocket , silk silkaj naztukoj seel'kahy nahz-too'koy napkins (child's) tuketoj tookeh'toy neckties kravatoj krahvah'toy night-shirts, noktocxemizoj nok'toh-cheh-mee'zoy -dresses flannel petticoats flanelaj subjupoj flaneh'lahy soobyoo'poy pillow-cases kapkuseningoj kahp'koo-seh-neen'goy pinafores antauxtuketoj ahn'tahw-too-keh'toy pyjamas (suits) pigxamoj pee-jah'moy serviettes busxtukoj boosh-too'koy sheets littukoj leet-too'koy shirts cxemizoj viraj cheh-mee'zoy veer'ahy sleeves manikoj mah-nee'koy socks sxtrumpetoj shtroom-peh'toy stockings sxtrumpoj shtroom'poy silk stockings silkaj sxtrumpoj seel'kahy shtroom'poy table-cloths tablotukoj tah'blo-too'koy towels manvisxiloj mahn-vee-shee'loy under-vests kamizoloj kah-mee-zo'loy waistcoats vesxtoj vesh'toy , flannel flanelaj vesxtoj fla-neh'lahy vesh'toy

18. The House and Furniture. (La Domo kaj la Meblaro.)

(For Shopping see section 53.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Ante-room antauxcxambro ahn'tahw-chahm'bro armchair braksegxo brahk-seh'jo ashes cindro tseen'dro ash-pan cindrujo tsin-droo'yo attic mansardo mahn-sahrr'doh basket korbo kohrr'bo bathroom bancxambro bahn-chahm'bro bedstead, bed lito lee'toh bedroom dormocxambro dohr'mo-chahm'bro bell sonorilo so-no-ree'lo blind rulkurteno rool-koor-teh'no bolster transkuseno trahns-koo-seh'no bolt riglilo reeglee'lo book libro lee'bro book-case librosxranko lee'bro-shrahn'ko book-shelf librobreto lee'bro-breh'toh box skatolo skah-toh'lo bracket krampobreto krahmpo-breh'toh brick briko bree'ko broom balailo ba-la-ee'lo burner flamingo flah-meen'go candle kandelo kahn-deh'lo candlestick kandelingo kahn-deh-leen'go carpet tapisxo tah-pee'sho ceiling plafono plah-fo'no cellar kelo keh'lo chair, seat segxo seh'jo chamber-utensil necesujo neht-seh-soo'yo chandelier, lustre lustro loo'stro chest of drawers tirkestaro teer'kest-ah'ro clock horlogxo hohrr-lo'jo coals karbo kahrr'bo couch kanapo kah-nah'po counterpane litkovrilo leet'ko-vree'lo court-yard korto kohr'toh cradle lulilo loo-lee'lo cupboard sxranko shrahn'ko curtain kurteno koor-teh'no cushion kuseno koo-seh'no dining-room mangxocxambro mahn'jo-chahm'bro dinner-waggon telertablo telehr-tah'blo door pordo pohrr'doh door-handle anso ahn'so drawing-room akcepta salono ahk-tsep'tah sah-lo'no dresser telermeblo telehr-meh'blo feather-bed plumlito ploom-lee'toh fender fajrbarilo fire-bah-ree'lo fire fajro fah'y-ro (fire-oh) fire-place fajrejo fahy-reh'yo flame flamo flah'mo floor planko plahn'ko floor, story etagxo ehtah'jo footstool skabelo skah-beh'lo furniture, piece meblo meh'blo of garden gxardeno jahr-deh'no gas gaso gah'so gas-bracket gas-brako gahss-brah'ko grate fajrujo fahy-roo'yo hall (entrance) vestiblo vestee'blo hand-basin lavujo lah-voo'yo (hearth-)rug (kamen)tapisxeto (kah-mehn') tah-pee-sheh'toh house domo doh'mo key sxlosilo shlo-see'lo kitchen kuirejo koo-ee-reh'yo lamp lampo lahm'po landing etagx-placeto ehtahj'plaht'seh'toh larder mangxajxejo mahn-jah-zheh'yo latch levriglilo lehv-reeglee'lo library biblioteko bib-lee-o-teh'ko linoleum linolo lee-no'lo lock seruro seh-roo'ro mantel-piece kamenbreto kah-mehn'breh'toh mat mato mah'toh mattress matraco maht-raht'so oil-cloth vakstolo vahks-toh'lo ornament ornamo ohr-nah'mo passage trairejo trah-eer-eh'yo piano fortepiano fohrr-teh-pee-ah'no picture bildo beel'doh pillow kapkuseno kahp'koo-seh'no poker fajrincitilo fire-int-sit-ee'lo porch portiko pohr-tee'ko rack (for dishes, rauxfo rahw'fo &c.) roof tegmento teg-mehn'toh room cxambro chahm'bro screen skreno skreh'no scullery vazlavejo vahz'lah-veh'yo shovel sxovelilo sho-veh-lee'lo sideboard bufedo boo-feh'do sink pladlavujo plahd-lah-voo'yo smoke fumo foo'mo sofa sofo so'fo soot fulgo fool'go spark fajrero fahy-reh'ro staircase sxtuparo shtoo-pahr'o stairs, steps la sxtupoj lah shtoo'poy suite (of rooms) apartamento ahpahrr-tah-mehn'toh table tablo tah'blo tapestry tapeto tah-peh'toh tile (of roof) tegolo teh-go'lo umbrella-stand ombrelujo ohm-breh-loo'yo vase vazo vah'zo wall muro moo'ro wall-paper murpapero moor-pa-peh'roh water-closet necesejo neht-seh-seh'yo (w.c.) window fenestro fen-eh'stro writing-desk pupitro poo-pee'tro

19. Travelling: By Road & Rail. (La Vojagxado: per Vojo kaj Fervojo.)

(For Conversations, see section 42.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Arrival alveno ahl-veh'no bill kalkulo kahl-koo'lo booking-office biletejo beeleht-eh'yo box (of carriage) konduksegxo kondook-seh'jo brake bremso brehm'so bridle brido bree'doh cabman, coachman veturigisto vehtoo-ree-ghist'o carriage kalesxo kahleh'sho change, to vagonsxangxi vah-gohn-shahn'jee cloak-room deponejo deh-po-neh'yo coach diligxenco dee-lee-jehnt'so coffee-room kafejo kah-feh'yo communication-cord dangxersxnuro dahn-jehr-shnoor'o compartment kupeo koo-peh'o conductor konduktoro kon-dooktoh'ro cushion kuseno koo-seh'no custom-house dogano doh-gah'no custom-house doganisto doh-gah-nist'o officer departure ekveturo ek-vehtoo'ro electric, elektra eh-lehk'tra electrical electricity elektro eh-lehk'tro embankment (rail.) taluso tah-loo'so engine lokomotivo lo-komo-tee'vo entrance enirejo eneer-eh'yo excursion ekskurso eks-koorr'so exit elirejo ehleer-eh'yo express (train) ekspreso eks-preh'so fare veturprezo vehtoor-preh'zo fast train rapidira vagonaro rahpee-dee'rah vahgo-nah'ro foot-warmer piedvarmigilo pee-ehd'vahrmee-ghee'lo full plena pleh'na guide gvidisto gvee-dist'o guide-book gvidlibro gveed'lee'bro hansom-cab fiakro fee-ah'kro hat-box cxapelujo chah-peh-loo'yo hotel hotelo ho-teh'lo inside (of interno in-tehr'no vehicle) interpreter interpretisto intehr-preh-tist'o journey vojagxo vo-yah'jo journey (train, veturo vehtoo'ro etc.) junction vojkunigxo voy'koonee'jo key sxlosilo shlo-see'lo label etikedo eh-tikeh'doh landlady mastrino mah-stree'no landlord mastro mah'stro lavatory lavejo lah-veh'yo lodging logxejo lo-jeh'yo luggage pakajxoj pah-kah'zhoy motor motoro mo-tohr'o motor 'bus motorbuso mo-tohr-boo'so motor-car auxtomobilo ahw-toh-mo-bee'lo omnibus omnibuso omnee-boo'so outside (of imperialo impeh-ree-ah'lo vehicle) package pakajxo pah-kah'zho payment pago pah'go platform fervoja perono fehr-vo'yah peh-ro'no porter portisto pohr-tist'o portmanteau valizo vah-lee'zo rack (for parcels, rauxfo rah'w-fo &c.) railway fervojo fehr-vo'jo railway-carriage vagono vah-go'no railway-station fervoja stacio fehr-vo'yah staht-see'oh receipt kvitanco kvitahnt'so reins kondukiloj, kondoo-kee'loy, gvidrimenoj gveed'ri-meh'noy reserved rezervita rehzehr-vee'ta rug tegilo teh-ghee'lo saddle selo seh'lo seat loko lo'ko signal signalo seeg-nah'lo start, the la ekveturo la ek-veh-too'ro station-master staciestro staht-see-est'ro strap rimeno ree-meh'no terminus finstacio feen-staht-see'oh ticket bileto beeleh'toh time-table veturhoraro vehtoor'horah'ro tour rondvojagxo rohnd-voyah'jo tourist turist-o, -ino toor-ist'o, -ee'no track relvojo rehl-vo'yo train vagonaro vah-go-nah'ro tram-car tramveturilo trahm'vehtoor-ee'lo tramway tramvojo trahm-vo'yo travel, to (train, veturi vehtoo'ree &c.) trunk kofro ko'fro tube (railway) tubfervojo toob-fehr-vo'yo tunnel tunelo too-neh'lo underground subtera soob-teh'rah valise, hand-bag valizeto vah-leezeh'toh waiter kelnero kel-nehr'o waiting-room atendejo ahtehn-deh'yo

20. Travelling: by Ship. (Marveturado.)

(For Conversations see section 43.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Alongside, to come albordigxi ahlbohrdee'jee anchor ankro ahn'kro berth dormujo dorr-moo'yo boat boato bo-ah'toh boiler kaldrono kahl-dro'no bow antauxo antah'wo buoy buo boo'oh cabin kajuto kah-yoo'toh cable kablo kah-blo captain kapitano kahpee-tah'no compass kompaso kom-pah'so crane argano ahrrgah'no crew sxipanaro sheepah-nah'ro deck ferdeko fehr-deh'ko disembark elsxipigxi el-shipee'jee dock doko do'ko to embark ensxipigxi en-shipee'jee engineer masxinisto mahshee-nist'o fishing-boat fisxbarko feesh-bahr'ko flag flago flah'go gangway pasponteto pahss'pon-teh'toh harbour, port haveno hahveh'no helm, rudder direktilo deerek-tee'lo hold holdo hohl'do to land surterigxi soortehr-ee'jee landing-stage, ensxipigxejo en-shipee-jeh'yo pier life-belt savzono sahv-zo'no life-boat savsxipo sahv-shee'po lighthouse lumturo loom-toor'o mast masto mah'sto oar remilo reh-mee'lo paddle-wheel padelrado pah-dehl-rah'doh passenger pasagxero pah-sah-jehr'o pilot piloto pee-loh'toh port-hole fenestreto fehneh-streh'toh quay kajo kah'yo rope sxnuro shnoor'o sail velo veh'lo sailing-ship velsxipo vehl-shee'po saloon, first unua klaso oonoo'ah klah'so class screw-propeller pelsxrauxbo, helico pehl-shrahw'bo, heh-leet'so seaman, sailor maristo mahr-ist'o ship sxipo shee'po start, to ekveturi ek-vehtoor'ee steam-boat, -ship vaporsxipo vahpohr-shee'po steerage, third tria klaso tree'ah klah'so class steersman direktilisto deerek-tee-list'o stern posto post'o steward provizisto pro-vee-zist'o stewardess servistino sehr-vis-tee'no tug trensxipo trehn-shee'po voyage vojagxo vo-yah'jo

21. Countries & Nations.[4] (Landoj kaj Nacioj.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Africa Afriko ah-free'ko America Ameriko ah-mehree'ko American Amerikano ah-mehree-kah'no Asia Azio ah-zee'oh Australia Auxstralio ahw-strahlee'oh Austria Auxstrio ahw-stree'oh Belgium Belgujo belhgoo'yo Canada Kanado kahnah'doh China Hxinujo kheenoo'yo Chinese, the la Hxinoj la khee'noy Denmark Danujo dahnoo'yo Dutchman Holandano holahn-dah'no empire imperio impeh-ree'oh England Anglujo ahn-gloo'yo English, the la Angloj la ahn'gloy Englishman Anglo ahn'glo Europe Euxropo ehw-ro'po France Francujo frahnt-soo'yo French, the la Francoj la frahnt'soy Frenchman Franco frahnt'so German Germano ghehrr-mah'no Germany Germanujo ghehrr-mahnoo'yo Holland Holando holahn'doh India Indio indee'oh Ireland Irlando eerrlahn'doh Irish, the la Irlandanoj la eerrlahn-dah'noy Irishman Irlandano eerlahn-dah'no Italian Italo eetah'lo Italy Italujo eetahloo'yo Japan Japanujo yah-pahnoo'yo Japanese, the la Japanoj la yahpah'noy kingdom regno rehg'no Norway Norvegujo norrveh-goo'yo republic respubliko rehspooblee'ko Russia Rusujo roosoo'yo Scotland Skotujo sko-too'yo Scotch, the la Skotoj la sko'toy Scotchman Skoto sko'to Spain Hispanujo hispah-noo'yo United States, the la Unuigitaj Sxtatoj la oonooee-ghee'tahy shtah'toy Sweden Svedujo svehdoo'yo Switzerland Svisujo svisoo'yo Turkey Turkujo toorkoo'yo Wales Kimrujo kimroo'yo Welsh, the la Kimroj la kim'roy

22. Recreation and Amusement. (La Ludado kaj Amuzado.)

(For Conversations see section 57.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Ball (dance) balo bah'lo balloon balono bahloh'no balloonist aerostatisto ah-ehro-stah-tist'o circus cirko tseerr'ko concert koncerto kont-sehr'toh accompanist akompanist-o, -ino ahkompah-nist'o, -ee'no audience auxdantaro ahwdahn-tah'ro bass baso bah'so chorus (singers) hxoro khoh'ro conductor orkestrestro orkest-rest'ro instruments instrumentoj instroo-mehn'toy , brass latunaj instrumentoj lah-too'nahy instroo-mehn'toy , reed ancxinstrumentoj ahnch'instroo-mehn'toy , string kordinstrumentoj kohrrd'instroomehn'toy music muziko moo-zee'ko organ orgeno ohr-geh'no pianist fortepianist-o, -ino fohr'teh-pee-ahn- ist'o, -een'o piano fortepiano fohr'teh-pee-ah'no programme programo pro-grah'mo recital muzika seanco moozee'kah seh-ahnt'so recitation deklamo deh-klah'mo seats benkoj behn'koy , (un)reserved (ne)rezervitaj lokoj (neh)rehzehr-vee'tahy lo'koy singer kantant-o, -ino kahntahnt'-o, -een'o , kantist-o, -ino kahntist'-o, -een'o (professional) solo; duet solo; duo solo; doo'oh song kanto kahn'toh soprano soprano so-prah'no tenor tenoro teh-nohr'o ticket bileto beeleh'toh violin violono vee-ohlo'no exhibition ekspozicio eks-pozit-see'oh fete festo feh'sto flower-show flor-ekspozicio flohr'eks-pozit-see'o flying machine aerveturilo ah-ehr'veh-tooree'lo limelight-views lumprojekcioj loom'pro-yekt-see'oy museum muzeo moo-zeh'o picture-gallery bildogalerio bil'doh-galeh-ree'o refreshment-room bufedo boo-feh'doh sports and games sportoj kaj ludoj spor'toy kahy loo'doy bathing; to banado; bani ba-nah'doh; bah'nee bathe billiards bilardo bilahr'doh boating, to go promeni boate pro-meh'nee bo-ah'teh box, to boksi bok'see boxing-match vetbokso veht-bok'so chess sxako shah'ko cricket kriketo krikeh'toh draughts damoj dah'moy fishing fisxkaptado fish'kahptah'doh to fish fisx-kapti fish-kahp'tee to go fishing iri fisxkapti ee'ree fish-kahp'tee fishing-line hokfadeno hohk'fahdeh'no fishing-net fisxreto fish-reh'toh fishing-rod fisxkaptilo fish-kahp-tee'lo hunting; to hunt cxasado; cxasi chahsah'doh; chah'see fox-hunt vulpcxaso voolp-chah'so huntsman cxasisto chahsist'o match vetludo veht-loo'doh playing; to play ludado; ludi loo-dah'doh; loo'dee races cxevalkuroj chehvahl-koo'roy grand-stand cxeftribuno chehf-triboo'no jockey jxokeo zho-keh'o race-course vetkurejo veht-koo-reh'yo rowing; to row remado; remi reh-mah'doh; reh'mee shooting pafcxasado pahf-chah-sah'doh ammunition municio moonit-see'o bullet, ball kuglo koo'glo cartridge kartocxo kahr-toh'cho game-bag cxasosako chah'so-sah'ko gun pafilo pah-fee'lo shot pafajxo pah-fah'zho to shoot pafi pah'fee skating; to glitumado; glitumi glitoomah'doh; skate glitoo'mee spectator spektatoro spek-tah-tohr'o swimming; to nagxado; nagxi najah'do; nah'jee swim tennis teniso tehnee'so to wrestle lukti look'tee tent tendo tehn'doh theatre teatro teh-ah'tro act akto ahk'toh , to ludi rolon loo'dee ro'lohn actor, actress aktoro, aktorino ahktohr'o, ahktoree'no auditorium auxditorio ahw-ditohr-ee'o ballet baleto baleh'toh boxes logxioj lo-jee'oy box-office lokoficejo loh'ko-fit-seh'yo cloak-room deponejo dehponeh'yo comedian komediisto komeh-dee-ist'o curtain kurteno koor-teh'no dance danco dahnt'so dancer dancist-o, -ino dahntsist'-o, -een'o exit elirejo ehlee-reh'yo footlights planklampoj plahnk-lahm'poy gallery galerio galeh-ree'o manager direktoro deerektoh'ro music-hall muzikhalo moozeek-ha'lo opera opero opeh'ro opera-glasses lorno lohrr'no opera-house operejo opeh-reh'yo orchestra, band orkestro orkest'ro pit partero pahr-tehr'o play teatrajxo teh-atrah'zho scene sceno stseh'no scenery (theat.) scenpentrajxo stsehn-pentrah'zho stage scenejo stseh-neh'yo stage-manager regxisoro reh-jee-sohr'o stalls foteloj (orkestraj) fo-teh'loy (orkest'rahy)

23. Cycling. (Ciklismo.)

(See also Motoring, following, and Conversations sections 58-59.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Accessories akcesorajxoj ahk-tseh-sorah'zhoy acetylene acetileno aht-sehtee-leh'no axle akso ahk'so back-pedal, to retropedali reh'tro-pehdah'lee ball bearings kuglokusenoj koo'glo-koo-seh'noy bell tintilo tin-tee'lo bicycle biciklo bit-see'klo bolt (screw-) bolto bohl'toh brake bremso brehm'so cement cemento tseh-mehn'toh chain cxeno cheh'no chainless sencxena sen-cheh'nah chain-regulator cxengxustigilo chehn'joostig-ee'lo chain-wheel granda dentrado grahn'da dent-rah'doh clutch konektumo kohnek-too'mo cone konuso ko-noo'so crank kranko krahn'ko crank-pin krankokejlo krahn'ko-keh'y-lo crooked malrekta mahlrek'tah cycle-shop biciklobutiko bitsee'klo-boo-tee'ko cycling race vetbiciklado veht'bitsee-klah'doh cycling track bicikla dromo bitsee'klah dro'mo cyclist (bi)ciklisto (bee)tsee-klist'o lady cyclist (bi)ciklistino (bee)tsee-klist-ee'no cyclometer ciklometro tsee-klo-meh'tro detachable deprenebla deh-preneh'blah dismount, to deseligxi deh-seh-lee'jee dress-guard robsxirmilo rohb'sheer-mee'lo duster visxilo veeshee'lo electro-plate, to nikeli neekeh'lee enamel, to emajli emah'y-lee foot-rests piedapogiloj pee-ehd'apoh-ghee'loy foot-step sxtupo shtoo'po fork forko fohr-ko frame kadro kah'dro free-wheel libera rado leebeh'ra rah'doh free-wheel, to liberiri leebeh-ree'ree friction frotado fro-tah'doh gear rapidumo rahpee-doo'mo high gear granda rapidumo grahn'da rahpeedoo'mo low gear malgranda rapidumo mahl-grahn'da rahpee-doo'mo two-speed gear du-rapidumo doo'rahpee-doo'mo gear-case cxenujo cheh-noo'yo geared to kun rapidumo de... koon rahpeedoo'mo deh gearing dentajxo dentah'zho handle-bar gvidilo gveedee'lo handles, grips tenilo teh-nee'lo hub aksingo ahk-seen'go indiarubber kauxcxuko kahw-choo'ko indiarubber kauxcxuka solvajxo kahw-choo'ka solution sol-vah'zho inner tube interna tubo intehr'nah too'bo lamp lanterno lantehr'no lamp-bracket lanternhoko lahn-tehrn'ho'ko lamp-wick mecxo meh'cho light up, to lumigi loo-mee'ghee link cxenero cheh-neh'ro lubricator olekapsulo oleh'kapsoo'lo lubricator kapsulkovrilo kapsool'ko-vree'lo protector luggage-carrier pakportilo pahk'pohr-tee'lo map landkarto lahnd-kar'toh mount, to surseligxi soor-sehl-ee'jee mudguard kotkaptilo koht-kaptee'lo nut sxrauxbingo shrahw-been'go nut, safety- fiksa sxrauxbingo feek'sa shrahw-been'go oil for burning lumoleo loom-oleh'o , lubricating sxmiroleo shmeer-oleh'o oil-can oleujeto ohleh-oo-yeh'toh outer cover volvajxo vohl-vah'zho pedal pedalo peh-dah'lo pedal-rubber pedalkauxcxuko pedahl'kahw-choo'ko pedal-brake pedala bremso peh-dah'la brehm'so pneumatic tyre pneuxmatika bendo pnehw-matee'ka behn'doh pump pumpilo poom-pee'lo pump up, to sxveligi shveh-leeg'ee pump-tube pumpiltubo poom-peel-too'bo to put together, munti moon'tee fit up to rag cxifono chifo'no repair, to ripari ripah'ree repairing outfit riparilaro ripah-ree-lah'ro ride a bicycle, to bicikli bit-see'klee rim radrondo rahd-rohn'doh rim-brake radronda bremso rahd-rohn'da brehm'so rivet vinkto vink'toh saddle selo seh'lo saddle-bag selsaketo sehl'sah-keh'toh saddle-pillar selkolono sehl-kolo'no screw sxrauxbo shrahw'-bo screw, to sxrauxbi shrahw'-bee screw-bolt of cxenbolto chehn-bohl'toh chain screwdriver sxrauxbturnilo shrahwb-toor-nee'lo spanner sxrauxbilo shrahw-bee'lo spokes radioj rah-dee'oy spring risorto risohr'toh start, to ekiri ekeer'ee steer, to gvidi gvee'dee strap rimeno reemeh'no take to pieces, to malmunti mahl-moon'tee tighten up, to strecxi streh'chee toe-clip piedingo pee-ehd-een'go tricycle triciklo tritsee'klo trousers-clip pantalonpincxilo pantalohn'pin-chee'lo unscrew, to malsxrauxbi mahl-shrahw'-bee valve valvo vahl'vo valve-cap valvkovrilo vahlv'ko-vree'lo valve-tubing valvtubajxo vahlv'too-bah'zho wheel, back posta rado po'stah rah'doh , front antauxa rado antah'wah rah'doh

24. Motoring. (Auxtomobilismo.)

(See also Cycling above, and Conversations section 58-59.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Accumulator akumulatoro ahkoomoo-lahtohr'o battery baterio bahteh-ree'oh brake-collar bremsorubando brehm'so-roobahn'doh break down (stop), panei pahneh'ee to cam kamo kah'mo carburator karburatoro karboo-rahtohr'o chain adjustment cxengxustigilo chehn-joosti-ghee'lo charge, to sxargi shahr'ghee chassis cxasio chah-see'oh chauffeur, driver veturigisto vehtoo-reeghist'oh claw ungo oon'go contact-breaker kontakt-rompilo kontahkt'-rompee'lo (trembler) driving pinion pelrado pehl-rah'doh elbow kubuto kooboo'toh electric motor elektra motoro ehlek'tra motohr'o evaporate, to vaporigxi vahpohr-ee'jee exhaust gasforfluo gahss-fohrfloo'oh exhaust-box silentigujo seelehn-tigoo'yo (silencer) exhaust-valve forflua valvo fohrfloo'ah vahl'vo feed-pump nutro-pumpilo noo'tro-poompee'lo fill, to plenigi plehnee'ghee flaw difektajxo difek-tah'zho fly-wheel inertrado in-ehrt-rah'doh garage remizo rehmee'zo gas gaso gah'so generator generatoro ghenehrahtohr'o goggles okulvitroj okool-vee'troy gradient deklivo dehklee'vo handle tenilo tehnee'lo hooter blekilo blehkee'lo horse-power cxevalpovo chehvahl-po'vo ignition ignito, ignitigilo ignee'toh, igniteeghee'lo leakage ellaso el-lah'so lever levilo lehvee'lo motor motoro mohtohr'o car auxtomobilo ahwtomobee'lo lamp lanterno lahn-tehr'no packing stupo stoo'po petrol petrolo pehtro'lo pressure, high altpremo alt-preh'mo , low malaltpremo mahlalt-preh'mo rack (lifter) rako rah'ko reservoir, tank rizervujo rizehr-voo'yo reversing lever irmaligilo eer'mahleeghee'lo spare tyre krom-bendo krohm-behn'doh spark sparko spahr'ko sparking-plug sparkilo spahrkee'lo speed, full plena rapideco pleh'na rahpideht'so , high granda rapideco grahn'da rahpideht'so , low malgranda rapideco mahlgrahn'da rapideht'so speed-changing rapidsxangxa rahpeed-shahn'jah gear mekanismo mekanis'mo starting-gear ekiriga mekanismo ekeeree'gah mekanees'mo starting handle ekirigilo eh-keereeghee'lo steering bar gvidstango gveed-stahn'go tap krano krah'no throw into gear, konekti konek'tee to throw out of gear, malkonekti mahlkonek'tee to

25. Photography. (La Fotografarto.)

(For Conversations see section 60.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Amateur amatoro amah-tohr'o background fono fo'no , cloth tola fono toh'la fo'no backing paper fonpapero fohn-papehr'o bath, positive pozitiva bano pozitee'va bah'no , silver argxentbano arjehnt-bah'no bulb bulbo bool'bo bulging konveksigo konvek-see'go burnisher polurilo poloor-ee'lo cameo kameo kameh'o camera fotografilo, kamero foto-grafee'lo, kameh'ro bellows balgo bahl'go camera, hand mankamero mahnkamehr'o , stand stativkamero stateev'kamehr'o cutting moulds trancxkalibrilo trahnch'kalibree'lo dark-room lamp rugxa lanterno roo'jah lantehr'no dark slide kaseto (duobla) kahseh'toh (doo-oh'bla) (double) developing rivelado reeveh-lah'do dipper trempilo trehm-pee'lo dishes kuvetoj koo-veh'toy for developing rivelkuvetoj rivehl'koo-veh'toy for fixing fikskuvetoj fiks-koo-veh'toy for toning tonigbanoj toh-neeg-bah'noy draining rack sekigilo sekighee'lo dry plates sekaj platoj seh'kahy plah'toy enlargement pligrandigo plee-grandee'go exposure espozo espo'zo , snap momenta espozo momehn'ta espozo , time dauxra espozo dahw'rah espo'zo fade, to malnetigxi mahl-netee'jee flash lamp magnezia lumigilo magneh-zee'ah loomi-ghee'lo films filmoj feel'moy fixing fiksado fik-sah'doh focus fokuso fo-koo'so focus, to enfokusigi enfo-koo-see'ghee focussing glasses lupeo loopeh'o funnel funelo fooneh'lo glass measure gradigita mezurilo gradee-ghee'ta mezoo-ree'lo half-length duonlonga doo-ohn-lohn'gah half-tone duontono doo-ohn-toh'no intensifying densigo den-see'go iris diaphragm irisdiafragmo eereess-dee-afrahg'mo lens lenso lehn'so , cap of lenskovrilo lehnss-kovree'lo mount, to munti moon'tee negative negativo nehgah-tee'vo over-exposed hiperespozita heepehr-espo-zee'ta photograph fotografajxo foto-grafah'zho photographer fotografisto foto-grahfist'o plate plato plah'to plate-holder platkaseto plaht-kaseh'toh plate-lifter platlevilo plaht-leh-vee'lo platinotypes platinotipoj plah-teeno-tee'poy printing impresi impreh'see printing frame premkaseto prehm-kaseh'toh printing-out paper senrivela papero sen-reeveh'la papeh'ro scales and weights pesilo kaj peziloj pehsee'loh kahy pehzee'loy sensitised impresebla impreh-seh'blah shutter obturatoro obtoo-rah-tor'o snap-shot maldauxra kapto mahldahw'rah kahp'toh speed indicator dauxrindikilo dahw'r-indikee'lo spirit-level nivelilo neeveh-lee'lo spot, stain makulo makoo'lo squeegee senakvigilo sen-ahkvee-gee'lo stand stativo statee'vo transparent diafana dee-afah'nah tripods (twofold) tripiedo (faldebla) tree-pee-eh'doh (fahl-deh'bla) under-exposed subespozita soob'espo-zee'tah varnishing lakizo lah-kee'zoh view-finder celilo tseh-lee'lo vignetting-board duonombrigilo doo-ohn'ombrighee'lo

26. Religion. (Religio.)

(For Conversations, see section 61.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Absolution absolvo absohl'vo aisle flanknavo flahnk-nah'vo altar altaro altah'ro baptism bapto bahp'toh belfry sonorilejo sonoh-reeleh'yo Bible Biblio biblee'oh breviary breviero brehvee-ehr'o burial enterigo entehree'go cardinal kardinalo kar-deenah'lo cathedral katedralo kateh-drah'lo cemetery tombejo tombeh'yo chapel kapelo kahpeh'lo choir (place) hxorejo khoreh'yo choir (singers) hxoro khoh'ro Christian kristano kris-tah'no Christianity kristanismo kristah-nees'mo church pregxejo preh-jeh'yo Church (as a body) la Eklezio la eklehzee'oh clergyman ekleziulo eklehzee-oo'lo Communion komunio komoonee'oh confession konfeso kon-feh'so congregation adorantaro adohrahn-tah'ro convent monahxejo monakheh'yo Creator, the Kreinto kreh-in'toh cross kruco kroot'so crucifix krucifikso kroot-sifik'so fast-day fastotago fah'sto-tah'go festival festo feh'sto font baptujo bahp-too'yo funeral funebra ceremonio fooneh'brah tsereh-mo-nee'oh God Dio dee'oh heaven cxielo chee-eh'lo hell infero infehr'o Holy Ghost la Sankta Spirito la sahnk'ta speeree'toh (Spirit) hymn; -book himno; himnaro him'no; him-nah'ro lectern legpupitro lehg-poopee'tro litany litanio litahnee'oh liturgy liturgio litoorghee'oh Lord, the la Sinjoro la sinyoh'ro mass, high alta meso ahl'tah meh'so , low malalta meso mal-ahl'tah meh'so matins matenpregxoj mahtehn-preh'joy missal meslibro mehss-lee'bro nave navo nah'vo offertory (R.C.) ofertorio ohfehr-toree'oh (collection) monkolekto mohn-kolek'toh papal papa pah'pa penance pentofaro pehn'toh-fah'ro pew benko behn'ko Pope Papo pah'po prayer pregxo preh'jo prayer-book pregxaro prehjah'ro priest, pastor pastro pah'stro Protestant Protestanto proteh-stahn'toh pulpit katedro kateh'dro Roman Catholic Romkatoliko rohm'katohlee'ko sacrament sakramento sakrah-mehn'toh salvation savo sah'vo Saviour, the la Savinto la sahveen'toh sermon prediko prehdee'ko service, divine diservo dee-sehr'vo service, evening vespera diservo vespeh'ra dee-sehr'vo , morning matena diservo mateh'na dee-sehr'vo sitting, seat sidloko seed-lo'ko synagogue sinagogo sinahgo'go tabernacle tabernaklo tabehr-nah'klo transept transepto trahnsehp'toh truth vero vehr'o verger pedelo pehdeh'lo vespers vesperpregxoj vespehr-preh'joy vestry, sacristy sakristio sakris-tee'oh worship adorado adoh-rah'do worship, to adori adoh'ree

27. Professions and Trades. (Profesioj kaj Metioj)

(For Shopping, etc., see sections 53-56.)

NOTE.—The names of workers in the various trades and professions are formed by adding the suffix *-ist* to the root-word. Thus: vendi, to sell—vendisto, a salesman; lampo, a lamp—lampvendisto, a lamp-seller, lampfaristo, a lamp manufacturer; maro, sea—maristo, a sailor; akrigi, to sharpen—akrigisto, a grinder, etc.

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Architect arhxitekto arkhitek'toh artist artisto artist'o baker bakisto bah-kist'o banker bankiero bahnkee-ehr'o barber barbiro barbeer'o bookseller librovendisto lee'bro-vendisto butcher bucxisto boo-chist'o carpenter, joiner cxarpentisto charr-pehntist'o chambermaid cxambristino chahmbristee'no chemist farmaciisto fahrmaht-see-ist'o clerk skribisto skreebist'o compositor kompostisto kom-postist'o confectioner konfitisto konfeetist'o consul konsulo kon-soo'lo cook kuirist-o, -ino koo-eerist'-o, -ee'no editor redaktoro redahk-tohr'o engineer ingxeniero injehnee-ehr'o fisherman fisxkaptisto fish'kaptist'o fishmonger fisxvendisto fish'vendist'o florist floristo flo-rist'o fruiterer fruktovendisto frook'toh-vendist'o glazier vitristo veetrist'o goldsmith orajxisto ohrah-zhist'o governess guvernistino goovehr-nistee'no greengrocer legomvendisto legohm'vendist'o grocer spicisto speet-sist'o hairdresser frizisto free-zist'o hatter cxapelisto chapeh-list'o hosier sxtrumpajxisto shtroompah-zhist'o ironmonger ferajxvendisto fehrahzh'vendist'o jeweller juvelisto yoo-veh-list'o journalist jxurnalisto zhoor-nalist'o labourer penlaboristo pehn'labohrist'o lawyer advokato ahdvokah'toh maid-servant servistino sehr-vistee'no man-servant servisto sehr-vist'o mason masonisto mahsonist'o mechanic masxinisto mahsheenist'o merchant negocisto negoht-sist'o miller muelisto moo-ehlist'o mother's-help helpistino helpistee'no nurse flegistino fleh-ghistee'no nursemaid vartistino vahrtistee'no optician optikisto opteekist'o plumber plumbisto ploombist'o policeman policano[5] polit-sah'no printer presisto preh-sist'o saddler selisto sehlist'o shoemaker sxuisto shoo-ist'o shopkeeper butikisto bootikist'o smith forgxisto fohrjist'o stationer paperajxisto pa-perah-zhist'o student studento stoodehn'toh tailor tajloro tahy-loh'ro teacher instruisto instroo-ist'o tobacconist tabakvendisto tabahk'vendist'o tradesman komercisto komehrt-sist'o tutor guvernisto goovehrnist'o waiter, waitress kelnero, kelnerino kelneh'ro, kel-nehr-ee'no workman laboristo labohrist'o

28. Legal Terms. (Legxaj Terminoj.)

(For Conversations see section 66.)

English Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Accused, the la akuzato la ahkoozah'toh acquittal malakuzo mahlahkoo'zo to advance (money) pruntedoni proon'teh-doh-nee agreement, an kontrakto kontrahk'toh alibi, an alibio ahleebee'oh allege, to alegi ahleh'ghee apology, an pardonpeto pahrdohn-peh'toh appeal; to apelo; apeli ahpeh'lo; ahpeh'lee arrangement, interkonsento in'tehr-konsehn'toh agreement arrears restantaj sxuldoj rehstahn'tahy shool'doy arrest, to aresti ahreh'stee attest, to atesti ahteh'stee attorney prokuratoro prokoorah-toh'ro authorise, to rajtigi rahy-tee'ghee award, an aljugxo ahl-yoo'jo award, to aljugxi ahl-yoo'jee bail kauxcio kahwtsee'oh bailiff jugxplenumisto yooj'plehnoomist'oh bond (for loan) pruntkontrakto proont'kontrahk'toh case (suit) proceso prohtseh'so charge, to akuzi ahkoo'zee client kliento klee-ehn'toh complainant, the la plendanto la plendahn'toh contract kontrakto kontrahk'toh conviction, a kondamno kondahm'noh costs proceskosto prohtsehs-kost'oh court of justice tribunalo treeboonah'lo criminal, a krimulo krim-oo'lo damages monkompenso mohn'kompehn'so decision (of case) decido dehtsee'doh deed akto ahk'toh defend, to defendi dehfehn'dee defendant (in a la akuzato la ahkoozah'toh suit) document dokumento dokoomehn'toh evidence evidenco ehvidehnt'so execution (of subskribigo soobskreebee'go deed) (of a judgment) plenumo plehnoo'mo executor administranto ahdministrahn'to fee (of office) honorario honoh-rahree'oh fine (penalty) monpuno mohn-poo'no information, to denunci dehnoont'see give informer denunc-anto, -into[6] dehnoonts-ahn'toh, -in'toh injunction injunkcio inyoonk-tsee'oh inventory inventario invehn-tahree'oh jail malliberejo mahllibehr-ehyo judge, the jugxisto yoojist'oh jurisdiction jugxorajto yoo'jo-rah'y-toh jurisprudence juro yoo'ro law-suit proceso proht-seh'so non-suit, to malakcepti mahl-ahktsehp'tee oath, to take an fari jxuron fah'ree zhoor'ohn parchment pergameno pehrgah-meh'no pardon pardono pahrdoh'no penal punebla pooneh'blah perjury falsa jxuro fahl'sah zhoor'oh petitioner petfarinto peht'fahrin'toh police-office policoficejo pohleet'so-feetseh'yo officer policano pohleet-sah'no station policejo pohleet-seh'yo proof pruvo proo'voh prosecute to persekuti pehrsehkoo'tee prosecution (of persekuto pehrsehkoo'toh suit) prosecutor persekut-anto, pehrsehkoot-ahn'toh, -isto[7] -ist'oh punishment puno poo'no quash kasacii kahsaht-see'ee robbery rabo rah'bo seal, a sigelo seegeh'lo sentence, a sentenco sehntehnt'so sheriff skabeno skahbeh'no statement deklaro (skribita) dehklah'ro (written) (skreebee'tah) sue, to persekuti pehrsehkoo'tee suit proceso prohtseh'so summons (of court) asigno ahseeg'no testator testamentinto tehstah-mehntin'toh theft sxtelo shteh'lo thief sxtel-isto, -into shtehl-ist'oh, -in'toh trial proceso prohtseh'so verdict verdikto vehrdeek'toh witness atestanto ahteh-stahn'toh writ asignordono ahseeg'nordoh'no

29. Commercial Terms. (Komercaj Terminoj.)

(For Conversations see section 67.)

English. Esperanto. Pronunciation. - - Account konto kon'toh , current kuranta konto koorahn'ta kon'toh , joint komuna konto komoo'na kon'toh , to close an fermi konton fehr'mee kon'tohn , to settle an pagi konton pah'gee kon'tohn acknowledgment ricevavizo ritseh'vahvee'zo agency agentejo ahghen-teh'yo agent agento ahghehn'toh apprentice metilernanto mehtee'lehr-nahn'toh arrear, in malfrue mahlfroo'eh assets aktivo ahktee'voh balance of account saldo de konto sahl'doh deh kon'toh balance-sheet bilanco bilahnt'so bank banko bahn'ko bankrupt; a bankrotin-ta; -to bahn-krotin'-tah; -toh bankruptcy, bankroto bahn-kro'toh failure bearer portanto portahn'toh bill (account) kalkulo kahlkoo'lo bill (comml. bilo bee'lo document) at sight kambio je vido kahmbee'oh yeh vee'doh at 3 months' kambio je tri monatoj kahmbee'oh yeh tree date monah'toy of exchange kambio kahm-bee'oh of lading sxargxatesto shahr-jah-teh'stoh bond, a obligacio obligaht-see'o bond, in kusxanta en kooshahn'ta en dogantenejo dogahn'teneh'yo bonded goods komercajxoj en dogano komehrt-sah'zhoy ehn deponitaj dogah'no depohnee'tahy book-keeper librotenisto lee'bro-tenis'toh branch- filio filee'oh establishment broker makleristo mah-klehrist'o brokerage kurtagxo koortah'jo business la aferoj la ahfeh'roy buyer acxetisto ahchehtist'o cargo sxargxo shahr'jo carriage transportprezo trahnsport-preh'zo carriage-paid kun transporto pagita koon trahns-pohr'toh pah-ghee'tah cashier kasisto kahsist'o charter a ship, to lui sxipon loo'ee shee'pohn charter-party cxarto chahr'toh catalogue katalogo kah-tahlo'go

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