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A Chronicle of London from 1089 to 1483
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[Transcriber's Notes:

About this book. Although the title indicates that the Chronicle begins in 1089, it actually begins in 1189 with the reign of Richard I, and ends in 1483 with the death of Edward IV. It is based on two manuscripts, now in the British Library, written by anonymous scribes in the 15th Century. It recounts events not only in the City of London—such as the elections of Mayors and Sheriffs—but also in the British Isles and France, covering battles, coronations, births and deaths of prominent people, tempests, earthquakes, plagues, and other noteworthy occurrences.

The Chronicle was first published in 1827, in a limited edition of 250 copies, with copious notes and an extensive section of illustrative documents. Although the editors of the 1827 edition are not named, the British Library catalogue identifies them as Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas, G.C.M.G., and Edward Tyrrell (whose signature appears at the end of the dedication).

This e-book was prepared from a 1995 reprint of the 1827 edition, published by Llanerch Publishers, and from images of the 1827 edition at the Internet Archive, www.archive.org.

Orthography. The Chronicle section is written in 15th-Century English. The original spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and hyphenation have been preserved in this e-book.

Numbers and dates in lowercase Roman numerals often end in a "j," signifying "i."

Superscripted letters are represented in curly brackets preceded by a carat, e.g., A^{o}.

A crossed double-L is represented as [-ll-], and a tailed Z as z.

Blank spaces in the text are represented by long dashes (——).

Formatting. The Chronicle section of the original utilizes unique page headers indicating the name of the monarch and the years covered on that page, e.g., REX HENRICUS T'CIUS [1238-1242]. These have been retained in this e-book and inserted in the appropriate chronological place.

The original contains numerous sidenotes. In the Chronicle section, sidenotes marked with an asterisk were added by the editors and are here treated as footnotes. Otherwise, sidenotes are marked as such and have been moved above the paragraph to which they refer. Where a paragraph is very long, as in the documents at the end of the Notes section, the sidenotes have been placed above the lines to which they refer.]



A

Chronicle of London,

FROM 1089 TO 1483;

WRITTEN IN THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY,

AND FOR THE FIRST TIME PRINTED

FROM MSS. IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM:

TO WHICH ARE ADDED

Numerous Contemporary Illustrations,

CONSISTING OF ROYAL LETTERS, POEMS, AND OTHER ARTICLES DESCRIPTIVE OF PUBLIC EVENTS, OR OF THE MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF THE METROPOLIS.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR LONGMAN, REES, ORME, BROWN, AND GREEN, PATERNOSTER-ROW; AND HENRY BUTTERWORTH, No. 7, FLEET STREET.

M.DCCC.XXVII.

[ONLY TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY COPIES PRINTED.]

RICHARD TAYLOR, PRINTER, SHOE-LANE.



TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE LORD MAYOR, ALDERMEN, AND COMMON COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF LONDON.

This Volume presents to your notice an early Chronicle of the great Metropolis over which you preside.

The rising taste for literature, and particularly that part of it relating to the History of your ancient City, which has lately been evinced by you in the formation of a Library, as well as in the private Collections made by several of your members on the same subject, renders it probable that the publication of this Chronicle, which has never before been printed, may not be deemed unacceptable.

Amongst the "Illustrations" will be found some interesting and important documents taken from the Archives of your Corporation;—they give a faint idea of the valuable historical information contained in your Records; and it may be hoped that these specimens will induce you to follow the example set by the Great Council of the Nation in printing the Parliamentary Records, and that at no very distant period measures may be taken for the publication of such of the documents in your possession as will illustrate the History of England, and of the City of London.

E^{d.} Tyrrell.]

London, February 1827.



PREFACE.

The present period is so distinguished for historical research, that the publication of an English Chronicle, written in the fifteenth century, will not it is presumed require any other prefatory remarks to recommend it to attention, than a brief account of the MSS. from which it has been transcribed. Two copies are extant in the British Museum; the one in the Harleian MS. 565, the other in the Cottonian MS. Julius B. I. and the material variations between them are either alluded to, or inserted in the Notes. The copy in the Harleian MS. ends with the 22nd year of the reign of Henry the Sixth, Anno 1442, about which time the volume was evidently written: but the other transcript, which is in a much later hand, is continued to the death of Edward the Fourth, Anno 1483, though after the accession of that monarch the narrative is barren and unsatisfactory. It may therefore be inferred that the original compiler did not survive the death of Henry the Sixth, and that the continuation was by another person. With the events of that period the writer is consequently to be deemed contemporary; and all which he relates of the reigns of Henry the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth, are peculiarly deserving of notice; for some curious facts are mentioned, many of which have never, it is believed, been so fully detailed, even if they were previously known; whilst of earlier times his statements are as worthy of credit as those of other Chroniclers who did not live in the ages of which they respectively treat.

This volume is called "A CHRONICLE OF LONDON" in the title-page, from the author having so particularly confined himself to the Metropolis; and still more, because he has, like his successor Fabian, commenced each year with the election of the Lord Mayors and Sheriffs of London, whose names are uniformly recorded, but unfortunately no clue exists by which the name of the writer can be ascertained.

To the history of England however, no less than to that of London, this Chronicle will, it is confidently expected, be considered a valuable addition; and the laudable avidity evinced by the Corporation, under whose patronage it appears, as well as by numerous natives of the metropolis, to possess every work relating to its early history, justifies the hope that by them at least it will be favourably received.

Towards the end of the volume the following ILLUSTRATIONS are introduced, the most important of which have, with the obliging permission of Henry Woodthorpe, Esq. the Town Clerk, been copied from the invaluable muniments in the City Archives.

A curious Latin Poem on the dispute between King Edward the First and the King of France, relative to some lands in Gascony in 1295. From the MS. in the Town Clerk's Office, marked Liber Custumarium.

A fragment of a French Poem on the treacherous conduct of Sir Thomas Turbeville, in 1296. From the Cottonian MS. Caligula A. XVIII.

A Letter from King Edward the Third to Edward Prince of Wales, giving an account of the Battle of Scluyse, dated 28th June, 14 Edward III. 1340. From the MS. in the Town Clerk's Office, marked Letter F.

A Letter from Edward the Black Prince to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of London, dated 22nd of October 1356, detailing the proceedings of the English Army under his command, and informing them of the BATTLE OF POICTIERS. From the MS. in the Town Clerk's Office, marked Letter G.

A Letter from a Priest, named Robert Prite, to some Nobleman, dated 8th of December 1356; in which he speaks of the Battle of Poictiers, and relates other news of the times. From the original in the Cottonian MS. Caligula D. III.

A Declaration of Bernard Du Troy, a Gascon gentleman, made on his death-bed, 1st of July 1361, that he was the individual who took John King of France prisoner at the Battle of Poictiers. Also from the Cotton MS. Caligula D. III.

A Proclamation of Richard II., dated at Chelmsford on the 5th of July 1381, to the Earl of Warwick and others, denying that Wat Tyler and his followers were supported by his authority; and commanding them to use all possible means for the preservation of the peace in Warwickshire, and the places under their jurisdiction. Also from the Cottonian MS. Caligula D. III.

A Poem, by Lydgate, describing the Expedition of Henry the Fifth into France, the Battle of Agincourt, and the magnificent Pageant prepared by the City of London, in honour of his return to the Metropolis. From the Harleian MS. 565.

Another Poem, by Lydgate, describing the Pageant and Reception of Henry the Sixth into London on the 21st of February 1431, after his coronation as King of France. Also from the Harleian MS. 565.

Two copies of a Poem on the reconciliation of the Lords of the Yorkist faction with King Henry the Sixth and his adherents; the one from the Cottonian MS. Nero A. VI., and the other from the Cottonian MS. Vespasianus B. XVI.

A Ballad sent by a Pursuivant to the Sheriffs of London and their Brethren on May Day at Bishop's Wood, at an honorable dinner; each of them bringing his dish: by John Lydgate. From Ashmole's MS. No. 6943.

Two copies of a Ballad, also by Lydgate, entitled "London Lickpenny;" the one from the Harleian MS. 542, and the other from the Harleian MS. 367.

A short Ballad, also by Lydgate, upon the Emptiness of his Purse. From the Harleian MS. 2255.

Another Ballad, by Lydgate, in ridicule of the Forked Head-dresses of Females. From the Harleian MS. 2255.

A Ballad on Fraudulent Millers and Bakers; likewise by Lydgate. From the same MS.

The whole of these articles were written at the periods to which they relate, and the greater part of them are for the first time printed; whilst the few that have been before published, are inserted either because more correct copies have been discovered, or because they are so intimately connected with some of the others that they could not with propriety be omitted.

Most of the pieces enumerated have escaped the notice of Historians; and as they tend in an important degree to illustrate the Manners and Customs of the Metropolis, their appearance in this volume cannot fail, it is hoped, to be acceptable to those who are interested in the early History of London or of this Kingdom.

February 1827.



WILL' CON'TOR. WILL' RUFFUS. HEN. PR. STEPHAN. HEN. SECUNDUS. RIC. JOHN. HENRICUS. EDWARD TRES. RIC. HEN. IIIJ^{tus}.

NOMI'A CUSTODU' LONDON' TEMPORE REG' RIC'I PRIMI, QUI CORONATUS FUIT APUD WESTM' TERCIO DIE SEPTEMBR' ANNO D'NI MILL'O C^{mo} lxxxix.

TEMPORE REG' RICI' PRIMI. [1189-1195.]

[Sidenote: Destruccione of the Jewes.]

[Sidenote: Will'm' rex Scotie fecit homagiu'.]

The same day that the king was crowned and the nyght folwynge alle the Jewes that myghte be founden weren for the moste partie slayne and brent. And in this yere began the ordre of seynt Tonyes in Pruce. In that yere in the monthe of Decembre cam kyng William of Scotlande to Caunterbury and dede homage to kyng Richard.

Custodes.—Herry Cornhill. Anno primo. Richard Fitz Reyvery.

This same yere the emperor Frederyk with an huge ooste wente to Jerusalem.

Custodes.—John Herlyonn. Anno secundo. Roger le Duke.

This yere the emperor Frederyk deyde in his goynge to Jerusalem; and in this yere began the orde of oure lady in Pruce, that is to sey in the yere of oure lord a m^{l}'clxxxx.

Custodes.—William Hav'hille. Anno tercio. John Buknote.

[Sidenote: The popes legat put oute al the monkes of the p'orye of Coventry and put yn seculer chanons.]

This yere the kyng with many lordes of Engelond wente over the see in to the holy land and toke the strong citee of Acres and killed manye Sarasygnes. And in this yere Hugo Nonant bysshopp of Coventre and Lychefelde, thanne beynge the popes legat, putte out alle the monkes of the priorye of Coventre and putte in seculere chanons.

Custodes.—Nicholl Doket. [Anno quarto.] Pers Newelyne.

This yere the kyng toke the Ile of Cipre; and the prynce of the same ile he lete folowe hym in sylver cheynes.

Custodes.—Roger Duke. Anno v^{to}. Ric' the sone of Aleyne.

William Fitz Isabell. Anno vj^{to}. William Fitz Arnulf.

[Sidenote: Kyng Richard was taken p'son' and raunsoned at an c m' li'.]

This yere the kyng comynge homward fro the holy lond was taken of the duke of Ostrich and brought to the emperor, and there he was emprysoned and afterward raunsoned at an c m^{l}' li', whiche somme to pay everych other chalys in Engelond was broken and coyned into moneye, and the monkes of Cisteux' solden there bookes for to paye the kynges raunsone.

TEMPORE REG' RICI' PRIMI. [1195-1199.]

Custodes.—Robert Besaunt. Anno vij^{o}. Jokell le Josne.

[Custodes.]—Gerard de Antiloche. Anno viij^{o}. Robert Duraunt.

[Sidenote: An heretike with the long berde.]

In this yere the kyng come in to Engelond, and tok the castell of Notynghame, and disherited John his brother. And the same yere kyng Richarde was crowned ayeyne at Westm'. And in the same yere an heretyke called with the longe berd was drawen and hanged for heresye and cursed doctrine that he had taughte

[Custodes.]—Roger Blount. Anno ix^{o}. Nicholl Doket.

[Sidenote: Ordre of the Trynyte.]

[Sidenote: Slewe the frenche king.]

The same yere, the yere of oure lorde a m^{l}'clxxxxviij, began the ordre of Trynyte. The same yere deyde pope Celestyne; and thanne succeded Innocent. And in this yere kyng Richard seiled over the see into Normandye and sclewe the kyng of Fraunce.

[Custodes.]—Constantyne Fitz Arnulf. Anno x^{mo}. Robert le Beale.

[Sidenote: Rex Ric'us int'fectus fuit ap'd Castru' Gaillard in France.]

[Sidenote: Bertram Gordon.]

In this yere, that is to sey the yere of oure lord a m^{l}'cxxxxix, the kyng was sclayne atte the castell Gaillarde in Fraunce with schot of a venemed quarelle in the heed. Neverthelees or he deyde the castell was wonne and his body setthe entered at Pount Ebrarde with hys fadir Henry the secounde. Whan the kyng Richard was thus hurt, with his owne hand he pulled out the quarelle, and anon the wonde rancled; and whan the kyng wyste that his wounde was dedly, he comaunded anoone his peple scharply assawte the town, and so it was wonne: and the kyng dede his will with them that were withinne: among othere he lete comaunde hym to be brought before hym that schotte that quarrelle; and whanne he cam the kyng asked his name. Sire, seide he, my name is Bertram Gordone. Wherfore, seide the kyng, have ye sclayne me? dede y yow ever ony harme? Nay, sire, q'd Bertram; but, sire, with youre owne hond ye sclowe my fadir and my brothir, the whiche y have quytte yow. Now thanne, q'd the kyng, he that deyde for us on the crosse he save us from helle, he foryef yow my deth, and y foryef it yow. And the kyng comaunded hym an hundred schillynges of silver, and chargyd upon lyf and membre that no man schulde dow hym non harme: natheless certeyn persones of the kynges hous sued after hym and sclow hym after his departyng. And so kyng Richard obite is the vj day of April.

* * * * *

NOMINA COSTODUM TEMPORE REGIS JOH'IS QUI CORONATUS FUIT APUD WESTM' IN DIE ASCENSIONIS D'NI, ANNO M^{l}' C^{mo} NONAGESIMO NONO.

TEMPORE REG' JOH'IS. [1199-1200.]

[Custodes.]—Arnold Fitz Arnulf. Anno primo. Ric'us Fitz Berthi.

In this yere kyng John loste all Normandye and Angoye be werre; and he toke of every plowe lond in Engelond iiis. toward hise werres.

TEMPORE REG' JOH'IS. [1200-1203.]

[Custodes.]—Roger Desert. Anno s'c'do. Jacob' Fitz Barthi.

[Sidenote: Parlement at Londoun.]

[Sidenote: S'cus Hugo de Lincoln isto anno monebat'.]

This yere the kyng held his parlement at Londone, and asked of the clergye the stynte of every chirche in Engelond for to conquere ayen Normandye and Angoye. And in this yere deyde Huberd erchebisshop of Caunterbury; and thanne the priour and the covent of Caunterbury chosen in there chapytre hous the noble clerk Stephen of Langeton, ayens the kynges will, whome the pope sacred at Viterke. And this yere deide seynt Hughe of Lincoln; also the erchebysshopp of Caunterbury; and the priour of Cricherche, and all the monkes weren exiled.

[Custodes.]—William Fitz Alice. Anno tercio. Simon de Aldermanb'y.

This same yere, be the avyse of wyse men of the citee of London that were chosene xxxv men whiche were sworne to holde and mayntene with the maire the assyses.

[Custodes.]—Normane Bloundene. Anno iiij^{to}. John of Ely.

[Sidenote: Hailstones grete:]

[Sidenote: and foules were seyn berynge fyer in the eyr in there billes.]

In this yere of oure lord a m^{l}'ccij, there fallen grete reynes, and hailstones as gret as an ey medlyd with reyn, where thorugh trees, vines, cornes, al manner frutes were moche distroied; and the peple were sore abaysshed, for there were seyn foules fleynge in the eyre berynge in there billes brennyng coles, whiche brenden manye houses. And in this yere Engelond and Walys were enterdited, and stood so vj yere and more, for the kynges trespas.

TEMPORE REG' JOH'IS. [1203-1208.]

[Custodes.]—Wat' Broune. Anno quinto. Will'm' Chamb'leyne.

[Sidenote: A quart' of whete at xxv s.]

In this yere of oure lord a m^{l}'cciij a quarter of whete was worth xxv s., and a cistern of wyn was worth iiij s.

[Custodes.]—Thomas Hav'yll. Anno sexto. Hamo Bonde.

[Sidenote: In this yere were too mones seyn. Frere P'chours ordre began. A gret wynt' and long durynge.]

In this yere were seyn at oones too fulle mones in the firmament. And in this yere of oure lord a m^{l}'cciiij began the ordre of Frere P'chours, in the cuntre of Tholomeis, undir duke Domynyk. Also in this yere was a strong wynter and an hard, fro the circumcisione of oure lord til the annunciation of oure lady.

[Custodes.]—John Walg've. Anno vij. Ric' Wynchestre.

[Sidenote: The plees of the crowne were pletyd in the tour.]

This same yere the plees of the coroune were pleted in the tour of London, and Hugh of Cisell was drawe and hanged.

[Custodes.]—John Holylond. Anno viij. Edward Fitz Gerard.

Rog' de Wynchestre. Anno ix. Edmond Hardell.

This yere the enterdytynge of the reaume was new proclamed thorugh out Engelond. Also in this yere was born Herry the kynges sone; and in this yere the kyng wan Irlond.

TEMPORE REG' JOH'IS. [1208-1214.]

Henr' Fitz Aldewyne, Petrus Duke. Anno x^{o}. P'mus maior. Thom' Neell.

[Sidenote: P'm's maior. Sent Mary Overy was begonne.]

In this yere was the firste maire of London; and seynt Marie Overeye was that yere begonne.

Id'm maior. Petrus Josne. Anno xi^{o}. Will'm' Elande.

[Sidenote: The cessyng of the enterdytyng of this land. London brigge was first begonne to make.]

In this same yere the land was reconsyled, and the enterdytyng cesed: and in this yere the stone brigge of Londone was first begonne to make.

Id'm maior. Adam Whateley. Anno xii^{o}. Stephen le Grace.

In this yere an eretyk was brent for eresye, the whiche be craft quenchyd ofte the fire.

Id'm maior. Joys Fitz Piers. Anno xiij^{mo}. John Gerland.

[Sidenote: A gret parte of London was brent.]

In this yere was gret discencione be twen the kyng and hise lordes; and Lowys the kynges son of Fraunce was waget to come into Engelond with manye Frensshmen, whiche dede moche harme in the reaume or they wenten home; and the kyng wente with his hoost to Berham Downe. And in this yere, on seyn Benettes day, Southwerk, Londone brigge, and the moost part of London was brent.

Id'm maior. Rauf Eylond. Anno xiiij^{mo}. Constantin' Josne.

In this yere was Castell Baynard cast done and distroied.

Rog' Fitz Aleyn, Martin Fitz Alice. Anno xv^{o}. maior. Peter Bate.

In this yere, on candelmasse even, the kyng seyled unto Peytowe.

TEMPORE REG' JOH'IS. [1214-1216.]

Id'm maior p'p' anni, Salamon Basynges. Anno xvj^{o}. et Cerle, m'c' Hugo Basynges. p' residuo.

[Sidenote: The ordre of Frere Menors began.]

In this yere, that is to seye the yere of oure lord a m^{l}'ccxiiij, began the ordre of seynt Fraunceys, besyde the assise of Frere Menours. And in this yere, in the fest of Gordiam in Septembre, the barons entred the citee of Londone, and strong werre was betwen the kyng and the lordes: and Rog' Fitz Aleyn, maire, was discharged of his meiralte be the forsaid barons, and afterward they chosen Cerle meire, and the schirreves as it folwith: and yet lasted the werres.

William' Hardel, drap'. John Travers. Anno xvij^{o}.[1] Andr' Newlond.

[Footnote 1: Sic.]

This yere, on seynt Lukes day, the kyng deyde and was beried at Westm'.

* * * * *

NOMI'A MAIOR' ET VICECOMITU' LONDON' TEMPORE REGIS HENR' T'CIJ, QUI CORONATUS FUIT APUD GLOUCESTR' IN DIE S'C'OR' SIMONIS ET JUDE ANNO D'NI MILL'MO CC^{m} xvj, ET ANNO ETATIS SUE NONO.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1216-1219.]

Jacob' Alderman maior Benet Seynturer, A^{o}. p^{o}. p' p'te anni, et goldsmyth. Salamon Basyng p' Will's Blounitners. residuo.

In this yere Walys was entirdited: also Eustache the Monk wyth manye Frensshemen as he was comynge into Engelond ward, for to helpe Lowys the kynges sone of Fraunce, was taken in the see be Hubert of Burgh and the V portes; and Eustache heed was smeten of, and the schippes drowned. And in this yere Lowys retorned home ayene with his meyne, and he hadde a m^{l}' mark of sylver.

Cerle, merc', maior. Thomas Bokerell. A^{o} s'c'do. Rauf Guylond.

In this same yere the barons were take at Lincoln.[2]

[Footnote 2: See note D.]

Id'm maior. John Vyell. A^{o}. t'cio. John Spyc'.

[Sidenote: Translacio' s'c'i Thome archie'pi Cantuar'.]

This yere the kyng hadde of every plough land in Engelond ij s. And in this yere seynt Thomas of Canterbury was translated the l yere after his martirdome.

Id'm maior. Ric' Wymbulden. Anno iiij^{to}. John Vyell.

This yere the kyng was crowned ayeyn at Westminster, and Hubert of Burgh was mad the kynges chief justice.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1220-1221.]

Id'm maior. Ric' Reng'. Anno v^{to}. John le Josne.

[Sidenote: Plees of the crowne. Castell of Bedf' was stroid.]

[Sidenote: Ordre of Frere Carmes began.]

[Sidenote: A gret wynd.]

[Sidenote: Firy dragons were seyne.]

This yere of oure lord a m^{l}ccxxiiij,[3] the emperour Baldewyn which whanne he wente to bataile to fyghte with Godes enemyes he hadde a croos boren before hym, whiche crosse seynt Eleyne made of the crosse that Cryst deyde upon; and there was an Englyssh prest that tyme with hym that was called S^{r}. Hughe, and he was borne in Norfolke, the whiche preest broughte the same crosse to Bromholm in Norfolke. Also in this yere the plees of the crowne were pletyd in the tour of London. Also in this yere was the castell of Bedford beseged, whiche endured fro the ascencione of oure lord unto the assumpcion of oure lady; at whiche day be greet crafte and strong assaught it was wonne and distroid: and sithe it was not beldyd ayeyne because it was rebell to the kyng. Also in this yere began the ordre of Frere Carmes. Also in this yere upon seynt Lukes day there blew a gret wynd out of the north, whiche caste doune manye houses, steples and torrettes of chirches, and turned up so downe trees in wodes and in orchardes, at whiche tyme fyry dragons and wykkes spirytes grete noumbre were seyn openly fleyng in the eyre.

[Footnote 3: Sic in the Harl. MS., and m^{l}ij^{c}xxiij in the Cotton MS.]

Id'm maior. Ric' Reng'. Anno vi^{to}. Th' Lambard.

This yere a gret discencione aros in London be empechement of Walter Bokerell, so that Constantyne Fitz Arnulf the morwe aftere oure lady daye, the assumpcion, was drawe and hanged. And in this yere the kyng was purposed to have cast down the walles of London.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1222-1225.]

Ric' Reng', maior. Will's Joynour. Anno vij^{o}. Thomas Lamberd.

[Sidenote: Frere Meno', ven' in Angl'.]

In this yere, that is for to seye the yere of oure lord a m^{l}ccxxiiij, in the feste of seynt Bertylmewe the apostell, the ordre of Frere Menours[4] cam ferst into Engelond. Also in this yere a man of Alderbery feyned hym Cryst, whiche was brought to Oxon', and there he was crucifyed.

[Footnote 4: Prechours in the Cotton MS.]

Id'm maior. John Travers. Anno viij^{o}. Andrew Bokerell.

[Sidenote: Alyens put out of the ream.]

The same yere were alle the alyens put out of the reaume.

Id'm maior. Martin Fitz William. Anno ix^{o}. Rog'us Duke.

[Sidenote: Plees of the crowne.]

In this yere the plees of the crowne were pletyd in the tour of London; and John Harleon failed of his lawe for the deth of Lambard his liege.

Id'm maior. Roger Duke. Anno x^{mo}. Martin Fitz William.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1226-1228.]

Rog'us Duke, maior. Steph'us Bokerell. Anno xj^{mo}. Henr' Cobham.

[Sidenote: Weres in Tempse were stroid.]

[Sidenote: The citezeynes of London scholde paye noo toll on this syde the see, no beyonde the see.]

This yere the schirrevehood of London and Midd' weren leten to ferme to the schirreves of London for ccc^{li} be yere, whiche was graunted the xviij day of Feverere in this sayd yere. Also the same day it was graunted be the kyng that alle the weres in Thamyse schulde ben broken up and distroied, and never after schulde be set ayene. Also the xvj day of March in this yere the kyng graunted be his chartre to hise citezeyns of London, that no toll schulde be taken of them in no kynges lond, as well on this syde the see as beyonde the see; and yf ony toll were taken of ony citezeyn of London, that thanne the schirreves of London schulde taken at London distresse of the folk of the contre, what tyme that they myghte be founden in London notwithstondynge. Also the xviij day of August suynge the kyng graunted to the maire of London waryne.

Id'm maior. Steph'us Bokerell. A^{o}. xij^{o}. Henr' Cobham.

[Sidenote: Clerkes and seriaunts of the schirreve.]

[Sidenote: A comown seal.]

In this yere, the viij day of Juyn the libertes and the fraunchises of London were ratified; and also the kyng graunted that every schirreve of London schulde have too clerkes and too seriauntes and no mo for that office. Also the kyng graunted the same tyme to the citezeyns of London that they schulde have a comown seal, whiche schulde ben in kepynge of too aldermen and too commons of the citee: and the forsaid seal scholde nought be denyed nor warned to poure no riche of the same citee whanne thei hadde nede, yf there cause were resonable; and that no mede schulde be take no payed of eny man in no manner wyse for the said seall.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1228-1232.]

Id'm maior. Walt' Wynchestre. Anno xiij^{mo}. Rob' Fitz John.

Id'm maior. Ric' Fitz Walter. Anno xiiij^{mo}. John Wobourne.

In this yere it was be the maire and be the aldermen, with the counseill and assent of alle the citee, and be othe sworne on the Evaungelies, that fro this tyme forth there schull never schirreves of London abyde leng' in that office thanne on yere. And in this yere the same Roger was discharged of the office of the meiralte.

Andrew Bokerell, m'. Mich' of Seynt Eleynes. A^{o}. xv^{o}. Walt' Senford.

In this yere aroos a gret discord betwen the kyng and Hubert of Burgh; which Hubert fledde to the chapell of Brendewode, and there he was taken and thanne imprisoned in the tour of London, and after he was exiled. Also this yere was a gret harm done in the citee of London for the fyere of dame Jonet Lumbarde.

Id'm maior. Herry Edelmetone. Anno xvj^{o}. Gerard Batte.

Id'm maior. Simon Fitz Marie. Anno xvij^{mo}. Rog' Blounte.

[Sidenote: Quarantisme parte.]

In this yere S^{r}. Edmond was sacred erchebysshop of Caunterbury, whiche now is called seynt Edmond of Pounteney, whiche Edmonde dede afterwarde revoke Hubert of Burgh, that com ayene into Engelond and submitted hym to the kynges grace. This yere, in the iiij idus of Feverer', was a gret wynd, a gret erthequake, and a gret thondyr. Eodem anno idem rex accepit ab om'ib' reb' mobilib' le quarantisme p' totam Angl' in adjutor'm sibi in suis bellis.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1233-1238.]

Andrew Bokerell, m'. Ric' Assheby. A^{o}. xviij^{o}. John Norman.

Id'm maior. Gerard Batte. Anno xix^{o}. Robert Hardell.

[Sidenote: Henr' accep' in uxore' filiam count' P'vincie.]

[Sidenote: Statutu' Merton.]

In this yere, the morwe after seynt Hiller day Edmond the erchebisshop of Caunterbury spoused the kyng and dame Elianore the erles doughter of Provynce togidere at Caunterbury; and on the viij day of seynt Hillar sche was crowned at Westminster, and thanne the statut of Mertone was mad.

Andrew Bokerell, m'. Herry Cobham. A^{o}. xx^{mo}. Jordan Coventre.

Id'm maior. John Colsan. A^{o}. xxj^{mo}. Gerveys Cordewan'.

Ric' Reng', maior. Joh'nes Wyghale. A^{o}. xxij^{mo}. Joh'n Saundres.

[Sidenote: Trantesime parte.]

This yere on seynt Botolf even was borne Edward the kynges sone. It'm in cest an prist le roy en son eide le xxx^{me} des moebles p' tout la terre.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1238-1242.]

William Joynour, m'. Renerus Bungey. A^{o}. xxiij^{o}. Rauf Asshewy.

[Sidenote: Edwardus long' femorib'.]

Eod'm anno d'n's Simon Mountfort desponsavit Alianoram sororem d'm reg' H. et comitissam Pembr'. Et anno sequ' fecit d'c'm d'n'm comitem Leyc'. Et eodem anno, i.e. anno iiij^{to} natus fuit filius eius Edwardus, int' ip'm et Alianoram reginam, qui postea vocab' Edwardus longis femorib'.

Gerard Bate, m' John Gysors. A^{o}. xxiiij^{to}. Michael Tony.

[Sidenote: Seynt Poules was halwed.]

In this yere seynt Poules chirche was halowed.

Renerus Bungey, m'. John Vyell. A^{o}. xxv^{to}. Thomas Durh'm.

[Sidenote: Obiit Rog'us ep'us London'.]

This yere deide Rog' bysshop of London: and William of the Marche was drawen and hangyd.

Id'm maior. John Fitz John. Anno xxvj^{to}. Rauf Asshewy.

In this yere seyled the kyng on the see ryally to Burdeux.

Rauf Asshewy, m'. Hugo Blount. A^{o}. xxvij^{o}. Adam Basynges.

[Sidenote: The plees of the crowne. The kyng did cu' frome Burdeux.]

This yere the kyng com into Engelond fro Bordeux; and the plees of the crowne were pletyd in the tour of London before William of York, Richard Paschelewe, Herry Braha and Jerome of Saxton, justices. Also werre began betwen the kyng and Thlewelyn prince of Walys; also Griffith Thlewelyn sone fel out of the tour of London and brak his nekke.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1243-1246.]

Mich' Tony, m'. Ric' Spyc' A^{o}. xxviij^{o}. Nich's Batte.

John Gisors, m' p' John Cornehull. A^{o}. xxix^{o}. maiore p'te ann'. David Benteley.

This yere Mich' Tony meire of London, and Nicholl Batte schirreve, were convicte before the kyng of periuracion be the othe of alle the aldermen, for as muche as Nicholl Batte lefte schirreve over his yere; wherefore Michael Tony was deposed fro the meiralte and Nich' Batte fro the schirevehod, and another chosen as it is aforeseid.

Idem maior. Simon Fitz Marie. A^{o}. xxx^{mo}. Laurens Frowyk.

[Sidenote: Renovacio Westm'.]

Eod'm anno idem rex renovavit eccl'iam Westm' ult' med'm p' unam archam. And this same yere was seynt Edmond of Pounteney translatyd.[5]

[Footnote 5: See note B.]

Petrus Fitz Aleyn, m'. John Vyell. Anno xxxj^{mo}. Nicholl Batte.

[Sidenote: Mon' de Hayles.]

Eod'm anno s'c'us Edmundus fuit canonizatus eciam frat' reg' H. et comes Cornub' incep^{t} fundamentu' monast'ij de Hayles.[6]

[Footnote 6: See note C.]

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1247-1252.]

Mich' Tony, m'. Nicholl Jocie. A^{o}. xxxij^{do}. Geffrey Wynchestr'.

Rog' Fitz Rog', m'. Rauf Hardell. A^{o}. xxxiij^{cio}. John Tholosan.

John Norman, m'. Humfrey Bras faber. Anno xxxiiij^{to}. Will'm Fitz Richard.

In this yere, the Thorsday before the feste of Simond and Jude was a gret wynd and an horrible tempest whiche dede muche harme thorugh all Engelond; and Lodowyke the kyng of Fraunce tok Damaske the iiij kal. of Juyne.

Adam Basynges, m'. Laur' Frowyk. A^{o}. xxxv^{to}. Will's Fitz Richard.

[Sidenote: Ordre of frere Austyns began.]

In this yere of oure lord a m^{l}ccl began the ordre of frere Austyns; also in this yere the kyng wente into Scotlond to marie his doughter to Alisaundre the kyng of Scottes.

John Tholosan, m'. Will'm Durham. A^{o}. xxxvj^{to}. Thomas Wyborne.

[Sidenote: vij^{li} is allowed for the office of the schirrefs of London.]

This yere the kyng graunted be his chartre on the xij daye of Juyne, that the schirreves of London schulde yerly ben allowed in the Eschequier for there office of the schirrevehood vij^{li}. Also that after the meire be chosene he schulde be presented to the barons of the Escheker. And in this yere the kyng schipped at Portesmouth toward Burdeux.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1252-1256.]

Nicholl Batte, m'. John Northampton. A^{o}. xxxvij^{o}. Richard Pychard.

This yere the quene, and Edward here sone, and Boneface the erchebysshop of Caunterbury sailed over the see toward Burdeux. Also this yere, the day of S^{t}. Paulyne the bysshop, fell manye mervailes be the watres of the see, as full grete hete and droughte.

Ric' Hardell, m'. Rob^{t}. Lyntone, drap'. A^{o}. xxxviij^{o}. Will'm Asshwy, merc'.

In this yere Edward the kynges sone spoused the kynges suster of Spayne. Also in this yere the kyng com from Burdeux thorugh Fraunce, and arryved at Dovore on Cristemasse day: and on seynt John day he com to London, and enprisoned the schirreves in the tour of London a monyth and more, for on John Frome that was undyr there warde whiche escapyd out of Newegate, the whiche John was taken in warde for the deth of a priour that was the kynges alye; and new schirrefs mad, as it folowith.

Id'm maior. Stephan Distergate.[7] A^{o}. xxxix^{o}. Herry Walmode.

Id'm maior. Matheu Bokerell. Anno xl^{o}. John le Mynour.

[Footnote 7: Oyster-gate in the Cotton MS.]

[Sidenote: Obiit R. Grosted ep'us Lincoln'.]

[Sidenote: The crucifienge of a child.]

This yere deyde Robert Grostede bysshop of Lyncoln, in the vij idus of Octobre. And in this yere, the Soneday before the translacion of seynt Edward, the wyf of S^{r}. Edward the kynges sone com into Engelond and to London; and S^{r}. Edward com hymself on seynt Andrew evene to London. And in this yere a litell child called Hughe of Lincoln was taken of Jewes and crucified.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1256-1258.]

Id'm maior. Ric'us Ewell. Anno xlj^{o}. Will'm Asshby.

Eodem anno fuit Ric'us comes Cornub' et frat' reg' H. coronatus in regem Almiaine.

Id'm maior. Th' Fitz Richard. Anno xlij^{do}. Rob^{t}. Catelongre.

[Sidenote: Ric' comes Cornubie elect' est imp'ator.]

[Sidenote: A gret compleynt made to the kyng of the citee of London.]

[Sidenote: The parlement at Oxon.]

In this yere Ric'us erle of Cornub' was chosen emperor; and Thlewellyn prynce of Walys held werre ayens the kyng. Also this yere, abougte the convercion of seynt Poule, tydynges comen to the kyng that the cite of London was nought trewly, no in due maner gowerned: wherupon was mad an inquisicion be xxvj men of every warde; and John Mauncell, examyned be the kynges counseill, tolde the tale for alle the companye, and seyde that Richard Hardell mair, Robert Catelongre schirreve, John Tholesone, Nich' Batte, Nich' Fitz Jocy, Mathew Bokerell, John le Meynoure, Arnold Tednore, and Herry Walmode, aldermen, were worthy to be prevyd of there offices, and never after to bere stat in the citee. Also in this yere after Trynyte Sonedaye was the parlement at Oxenford, where aroos a gret discord betweye the barons on the too partye, and Audymere eslyte of Wynchestre, William Valence, Geffrey of Wynchestre, and the kynges brethren, on the other partie, for divers trespaces and transgressions; wherefore the kynges brethren were somond to come to the parlement at Wynchestre; and whanne the parlement was begonne, the forsaid kynges brethren wolde nought obeye to the lawe; wherfore two of them weren exiled, whiche passed the see at Dovorre.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1258-1260.]

John Gysors, m'. John Adryan. A^{o}. xliij^{cio}. Rob' Cornhill.

[Sidenote: Scutagium.]

[Sidenote: Jewe.]

[Sidenote: A quart' of whete at xxiiij s.]

This yere scutage was gadered in Engelond of every knyghtes fee xl s. The same yere, the morwe after Al Sowlen day, Ric' of Gravesende at Caunterbury was sacred bysshop of Lincoln be Bonoface erchebysshop of Caunterbury. And in this yere, that is to seye the yere of our lord a m^{l}cclviij, there fel a Jewe into a pryve at Teukesbury upon a Satirday, the whiche wolde nought suffre hym selfe to be drawe out of the preve that day for reverence of his Sabot day: and S^{r}. Richard of Clare, thanne erle of Gloucestre, herynge therof, wolde nought sufrre hym to be drawe out on the morwe after, that is to say the Soneday, for reverence of his holy day; and so the Jewe deyde in the preve. Also in this yere was a gret derthe of corn, for a quarter of whete was worth xxiiij s. And in this yere Richard the erle of Cornewaille was crowned emperour of Almayne.

Will'm Fitz Richard, m'. Adam Brounyng. A^{o}. xliiij^{to}. Ric' Coventre.

In this yere, abougte Alhalwen tyme, the kyng with the quene, with other barons and lordes, seyled over the see to the kyng of Fraunce, and dwelled there half yere and more with gret honoure and love, so that he hadde no wil homward; but he was thretned be the co'e counsaill of Engelond that but if he come home here sounne they wolde chesyn them a newe kyng: and there was gret discord, and a rysynge betwen Edward the kynges sone and Richard thanne erle of Worcestre,[8] so that all Engelond was meved to werre; for whiche, a lytel before Whitsonday the kyng come into Engelond, an cam into London, and lay in the bysshopes palys of London besyde Poules, unto the tyme that pees was stablisched thorough alle Engelond.

[Footnote 8: Gloucestre in the Cotton MS.]

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1260-1263.]

Id'm maior. John Northt'. A^{o}. xlv^{to}. Ric' Pychard.

John Tallour. A^{o}. xlvj^{to}.[9] Ric' Walbrooke.

[Footnote 9: See note C.]

[Sidenote: Note:—That no record makes mention of an earle of Worcester in this time.]

This same yere, abought the fest of the traunslacion of seynt Thomas, the kyng with the quene sailled over the see into Fraunce, and the erle of Worcestre[10] deyde.

[Footnote 10: Gloucestre in the Cotton MS.]

Th' Fitz Thomas, m'. Philip Walbrok. A^{o}. xlvij^{mo}. Ric' Taillour.

[Sidenote: The barons werres.]

In this yere began the barons werres, in whiche there were many ful worthy lordes sclayn, and moche myschief and sorwe was that time in Engelond.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1263-1265.]

Id'm maior. Robert Mounpylers. A^{o}. xlviij^{o}. Osbert Vynt'.

In this yere the town of Northampton was taken, and manye of the men that were founden withinne were sclayn, forasmoche as thei hadde ordeyned wyldefeer for to abrent the citee of London. Also this yere, after the purificacion of oure lady, the kynges litell halle at Westm' with the chaumbre were brent. Also in this yere, at Whitsontyde, there aroos a grete discord betwen the kyng and his barons, and the bysshop of Hereford was taken and lad into Walys into a castell. Also in that discord Elianore the quene was foule repreved and almost sclayn upon London bregge: and after this, a litel before Mighelmesse, the kyng and the quene sailed into Fraunce, to the kynges parlement of Fraunce.

Id'm maior. Th' de la Ford. A^{o}. xlix^{o}. Gregor' Rokesley.

[Sidenote: A parlement at Redyng.]

[Sidenote: Barons werre.]

[Sidenote: Bellum de Lewes.]

[Sidenote: Stella comata.]

This yere the kyng com fro Fraunce and held his parlement at Redyng, fro which parlement the kyng and the lordes departed in wrathe; and the kyng wente ayene to the parlement into Fraunce: and after this, for werre and defaute, the stretes of London were cheyned. And abought the purification of oure lady the kyng com home fro Fraunce; and the barons token the town of Northt' the Satirday nest before Passion Sonday; and the Wednesday nest folwynge there were manye Jewes sclayn and distroyd. And in the morwe of seynt Pancras, in the monthe of May, was the bataile of Lewes, betwen the kyng and the barons of the reaume, in whiche bataile manye men were sclayn on both parties: and in this bataile the kyng was taken and S^{r}. Edward his sone, and Richard erle of Cornewayle and manye othere were lad into diverses castelles. And in the same yere appered stella comata whiche endured xv dayes.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1265-1267.]

Id'm maior. Edwardus Blount. A^{o}. l^{mo}. Petrus Aunger.

[Sidenote: Bellu' de Evesham.]

In this yere Edwarde the kynges sone brak oute of warde of Sire Simond Mountford erle of Leycestre and of Hereford, and he wente to the barons of the March, and they reyceyved hym withe moche honour. And on the Satirday in the myddes of August he scomfited Simon of Mountford at Kelyngworth. And on the Wednesday nest after was the batall of Evesham; and there was sclayn Simond of Mountford erle of Leycestre, the lord Spenser, S^{r}. Rauff Bassett, S^{r}. Thomas Asteley, William Maundevyle, S^{r}. John Beauchamp, S^{r}. Guy Bailliof, S^{r}. Roger Roule, &c. and the barouns discomfited.[11]

[Footnote 11: See note D.]

William Fitz Ric', custos. John Lynde. A^{o}. lj^{o}. John Walravyn.

In this yere S^{r}. John Savylle was taken with strong hond at Cesterfeld; atte whiche tyme the lord Ferrers fledde, and be a woman was betrayed in the chirche, and so taken. And Octobon the popes legat held a counseill at Northt', where he accursed alle thoo that stoden with the erle of Leycestre Simond, or hym helpith or favoureth.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1267-1270.]

Aleyn South, custos. John Adryan. A^{o}. lij^{do}. Lucas Batencourt.

[Sidenote: The greate Caem.]

This yere, that is to seye the yere of oure lord a m^{l}cclxvij, began the empire of Tartaryn, the whiche emperour is called the grete Cane; and he is now holden grettest and most myghty lord of alle the world. In this yere the kyng held his parlement at Marleburgh, in the octaves of seynt Martyn, where, be the assent of alle the nobles and choson comoners of Engelond, were mad the statuts called the Statuts of Marleburgh.

Id'm custos. Walter Hervy. A^{o}. liij^{o}. Wiliam Duremsone.

This yere Octobouns the popes legat held his counseyll at seynt Poules in London.

Hugo Fitz Thom's, custos. Th' Basyng. A^{o}. liiij^{to}. Rob't Cornhill.

[Sidenote: T'us s'c'i Edward.]

[Sidenote: Hoc A^{o} concessit civib' Londo'.]

[Sidenote: T're mot'.]

This yere the kyng lete translate ayeyne the body of seynt Edward into a precious schryne; and there weren alle the lordes spirutuelx and temporelx of Engelond. And in the xvj day of March the kyng ordeyned that no man schulde gon ought of the citee of London be water no be londe to regrate ony vitaile. Also in this yere after Estren the kyng graunted to the citezens of London alle there liberties and fraunchises. And on the morwe of seynt Lucye the virgyne was gret erthequake aboughte evesong tyme.

REX HENRICUS T'CIUS. [1270-1272.]

John Adryan, m'. Walter Potter. A^{o}. lv^{to}. John Taillour.

In this yere Edwarde the kynges sone, in the feste of Philip and Jacob, tok his vyage into the holy lond with manye othere grete lordes bothe of Engelond and of other londes.

Id'm maior. Gregorius Rokesley. A^{o}. lvj^{to}. Herry Waleys.

[Sidenote: Bowe stepil fil doun.]

[Sidenote: The Sowdon sente l'res to Edward the kynges sone be a Sarasyn, whiche wolde a sclayn the said Edward, whiche Edward strangled the Sarasyn.]

In this yere, the V kal. of Feverer', the yere of oure lord a m^{l}clxx, the stepil of the chirch of seynt Marie at the Bowe fel down in Chepe, and perysshed moche peple. And in this yere Edwarde the kynges sone was wounded of a Saresyn at Acres, whiche broughte hym lettres fro the Sowdone, the whiche Sowdone menynge tresone hadde sent the same Sarasyn with the lettres unto the said kynges sone Edward, whiche for hete of the contrey eyre satt on a bedde in his doublet, and opened them. Whiles the lettres weren in redynge, the said Sarasyn, knelynge befor hym, drowe out a knyf yvenymed, and wolde have smyten the sayd S^{r}. Edward in the bely, and failed; but he smot hym in the arm and eft ayeyne in the foot: whiche Saresyn he stranglyd betwen his too handes to the deth; and sithens he was cured therof, blessyd be God. Also in this yere the said S^{r}. Edward comynge hom thorough Fraunce, he dede the tornement at Chalons, whiche was proposed for his distruccion for envye.

Sire Wat' Hervy Miles, m'. Robert Milborne. A^{o}. lvij^{o}. Petir Cosyn.

[Sidenote: The schirreves were deposyd for takynge mede of the bakers.]

These two scherreves were convict before the barons of the Escheker, in the fest of seynt Andrew; forasmoche as they token mede of the bakers of London, and wolde nought leten them be corrected and justified: wherefore they were deposyd of there offices; and in there stedes were seet John Bedle and Richard Parys. And in this yere, on seynt Edmondes day the bisshope, in the yere of oure lorde a m^{l}cclxxij, kyng Herry the thridde deyde, and rially was beryed at Westm'.

* * * * *

NOMI'A MAIOR' ET VICECOM' TEMPORE REG' EDWARDI PRIMI FILIJ REG' HENR' T'CIJ, QUI INCEPIT REGNARE IN C'STINO S'C'I ED'I ARCHIEP'I ANNO D'NI MILL'MO DUCENTESIMO SEPTUAGESIMO S'C'DO.

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1272-1273.]

Sire Wat' Hervy Miles, m'. John Horn'. A^{o}. p^{o}. Walter Pott'.

This yere Thlewyne the prynce of Walys rebelled ayens the kyng; and the kyng scomfited hym in bataile, and drof hym to so muche myschief that he cam and yeld hym, and paied to the kyng l m^{l} marc of silver for to have his pees, and made hys othe for to comen to the kynges parlement too tymes in the yere. Eod'm anno f'res in vestimentis saccor' in exules mitabant'. It'm stat' erat concessum p' bigamis; it'm p' p'sonis p'motis non consecratis ad eccl'ias.

Herry Waleys, m'. Nicholl Wynchestre. A^{o}. s'c'do. Herry Coventre.

[Sidenote: For chastyse bakers and mellers.]

This yere, that is to sey the yere of oure lord a m^{l}cclxxiij, the xiiij kal. of Septembre, the kyng Edward was crowned at Westm' of Robert Kilward thanne erchebysshop of Caunterbury. Also in this yere the kyng confermed to the citezeins of London alle there liberties and fraunchises. Also he yaf them a chartre for to chastyse bakers and mellers; that is to seye, for bakers that make nought breed after the assise, and for mellers that stelen mele and corne, the herdell; and for nyght walkers the toune. Et eod'm anno reveniebat a t'ra s'c'a et coronabat' cu' sua regina Alianora filia reg' Hispanie apud Westm'.

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1274-1276.]

Gregory Rokesley, m'. Luk Batencourt. A^{o}. t'cio. Herry Frowyk.

[Sidenote: Tr'e motus.]

In this yere the kyng helde his parlement at Westm'; and at Estre next suynge he sente be his lettre to Thlewelyne prynce of Walys that he schulde comen to his parlement: wherof Thlewyne hadde gret dispite, and rebelled ayeyne: and thanne the kyng made newe werre to Walys so scharply that of verry nede the prynce of Walys yald hym to the kyng; and longe tyme he knelyd before the kyng, and the kyng dede hym grace. And in this yere, the day of seynt Parthi and Racmeti was a grete erthe quake aboughte the houre of prime.

Id'm maior. John Horne. Anno iiij^{to}. Rauf Blount.

And in this yere of oure lord a m^{l}cclxxv, Mich' Tony, for manye trespasces and defautes be hym in the werre tyme done, he was accused, jugged, and dampned, and was drawen and hanged.

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1276-1279.]

Id'm maior. Robert Bras. Anno v^{to}. Rauf Fynore.

Id'm maior. John Adrian. Anno vj^{to}. Walt' Langley.

[Sidenote: The remevyng of the kynges benche and the Eschqer to Schrovesby.]

In this yere, in the fest of seynt Michell, the kynges benche and the echeqer were removed fro Westm' to Schrovesbery, and in the xv day of seynt Hillere next folwynge thei were brought ayeyn to Westm'.

Id'm maior. Robert Basynges. Anno vij^{mo}. Will's Maiser.

[Sidenote: Rex Scotie veniebat ad p'liamentu' R'.]

[Sidenote: Jewes and Englisshmen weren arested for clippyng of money and for byenge of plate of silv'.]

[Sidenote: The hous of the Frere P'chours was founded at Castell Baynard.]

[Sidenote: The town of Boston was brente 1275 [In a modern hand].]

In this yere of oure lord a m^{l}cclxxviij, the kyng of Scotlond come to the kynges parlement at London. Also in this yere, the viij day of seynt Martyn, alle the Jewes of Engelond were taken for clippyng of money: and in the feste of seynt Lucie alle the goldsmythes of London, and alle thoo that kepten the Change, and manye other men of the citee weren arested and taken for beyenge of plates of sylver, and for chaunge of grete money for smal money, whiche were indited be the wardes of the citee. And on the Monday next after the Epithanie the justyces setene at the Yeldhalle to make delivreaunce; that is to seyn, S^{r}. Stephen of Pencestre, S^{r}. John of Cobham, and other which that them lust to assocye to them. And there were forjugged and drawen and hanged iij Englyssh Jewes.[12] And in the same yere the hous of the Frere Prechours began to be founded at Castell Baynard. Also Robert Kylwardby the erchebysshop of Caunterbury in this yere was mad cardenall, and frere John Pecche, a Frere Menour, was thanne made erchebysshop of Caunterbury. And in this yere the town of Booston was brent.

[Footnote 12: See note E.]

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1279-1283.]

Id'm maior. Thomas Box. Anno viij^{o}. Rauf Atte More.

[Sidenote: Hafpence and q' were first mad.]

[Sidenote: A gret snowe.]

In this yere the kyng made newe money of silver called half penys and farthynges, alle rounde, of whiche were none sen before. Also in this yere upon seynt Denys day fel a gret snow, of whiche cam grete floodes and huge. Eod'm anno s'c'us Hugo Lincoln' ep'us t'nslatus fuit.

Id'm maior. Will's Faryndon. A^{o}. ix^{o}. Nicholl Wynchestre.

This yere Martyn the forthe was sacred pope at Rome.

Herry Waleys, m'. William Masere. A^{o}. x^{mo}. Ric' Chikewell.

[Sidenote: The werre aroos betwen the kyng and the prynce of Walys.]

In this yere the werre aroos ayeyne betwen the kyng and the prynce of Walys upon Palm Sonday; on whiche day David the princes brother tok S^{r}. Roger Clyfford at Hawardyn, and sclowe and tok manye of his mene, and beseged the castell of Flynt and Rothelan, and tok the toun of Claupautern[13] and caste adowe the walles.

[Footnote 13: "Lambatre vanc" in the Cotton MS.]

Id'm maior. Rauf Blount. Anno xj^{mo}. Hub't Botevyle.

[Sidenote: Prynce of Walys sclayn.]

[Sidenote: S'cus Thom' Hereford' ep'us obiit.]

In this yere the kyng with a gret oost wente into Walys and remeved and brak the sege of the castell of Flynt and Rothelan. And in this yere in the iij idus of Decembre, Thlewelyn prince of Walys was sclayn, and his hed smyten of be S^{r}. Edmond Mortymer, and sente it to the kyng, whiche that tyme lay at Rothelan; and the kyng sente it to London, and comaunded that it schulde be sett upon the tour of London. And that said prynce of Walys before or he was sclayn, come into the landes of the forsaid S^{r}. Edmond Mortymer, and occupied manye of hise lordschippes, wherfore the said S^{r}. Edmond manly with meyne fillen on hym as it is before seyd. And it was seid that yif the forseid prince hadde lyved too dayes longere than he dede, alle the Walssh tonge hadde holly ben enclyned to hym. And in this yere, on seynt Leonard day, S^{r}. Roger Clyfford the yonger was droughned betwen Snowdon and Englessey, and manye othere also, whiche because there myghte nought abyde the comynge of the Walsshe men, unwysly, withoughten hors, passed the bregge of Penbroke.[14] Also in this yere deide seynt Thomas the bysshop of Hereford, whiche was called Thomas Cantel'. After hos disses succedyd into the bysshopriche, Richard of Swynfeld.

[Footnote 14: "Devy" in the Cotton MS.]

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1283-1284.]

Id'm maior. Jordan Goodchief. Anno xij^{mo}. Martyn Box.

[Sidenote: The brother of the prynce of Walys was taken and afterward hanged.]

[Sidenote: The kyng of Aragon occupied the kyngdom of Cecile, and put out kyng Charles.]

[Sidenote: Laur' Doket was hangen in Bowe chirche.]

[Sidenote: Gret conduyt in Chepe.]

In this yere aboughte the feste of Natyvyte of seynt John Baptiste, David the brother of Thlewelyn was taken and holden in pryson at Rothelan, unto the fest of seynt Mighell, and thanne lad to Schrovesbury, and there he was dampned to be ded; and first he was drawen thorugh the citee with hors unto the galowes, thanne hanged, and afterward beheded; and thanne his bowels brent, and the laste his bodye quarterd in iiij quarters, whiche were sent to be sett up in iiij parties in Engelond; and be the kyng comaunded that his hede schulde be seete on the tour of London. And fro that tyme forth the kyng occupied alle the lond of Walys. And thanne he dyvyded it into schires and hundredys, in maner as it is in Engelond; and at Abbercouewe[15] he made a gret and a strong castell, fro whiche place the monkes of Cisteux remeved; and in another place a mancion edified for them. He made there a fair toun, and he lete make the castell of Carnarvan in Snowdon, where that his sone was born: and also he lete make the castell of Plaupautuvouc.[16] And also in this yere Petir kyng of Aragon occupyed the kyndom of Cecilie, ant putte out kyng Charles, whiche anon after mad an ende of hys lyf; wherfore the pope Martyn accursed the said Petir, and the kyngdom of Aragon he yaf to the kynges sone of Fraunce. And in this yere aroos werre betwen the kyng of Fraunce and the kyng of Spayne; and the kyng of Fraunce with a gret ooste wente into Spayne, whiche dede nothyng worthy to be preysed. Also in this yere Reynold of Lanfare,[17] Robert Pynot, Poule of Stebenhithe, Thomas Corewener, John Tholosan, Thomas Russell, and Robert Scot, weren accused of the deth of Laur' Doket, whiche was hongen in Bowe chirche: and they were dampned, drawe, and hanged; and on Alyce a woman was brent for the same cause: and Rauf Crepyn, Jordan Goodcheppe, Gilbert Clerk, and Geffrey Clerk, weren atteynt and sent to prison into the tour of London. Also in this yere the grete conduyt in Chepe was newe begonne to maken.

[Footnote 15: Corrected from the Cotton MS.]

[Footnote 16: "Lambatre vanc, and otherwise it is called Abrestewith" in the Cotton MS.]

[Footnote 17: "Lancastre" in the Cotton MS.]

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1284-1287.]

Id'm maior[18] usq' Stephanus Cornhull. A^{o}. xiij^{o}. f'm ap'lor' Petri Rob^{t}. Rokesley. et Pauli.

[Footnote 18: "Gregorie Rokesley p' p'te anni" in the Cotton MS.]

[Sidenote: The fraunchise of London is sesed into the kynges hond.]

[Sidenote: Edward the kynges sone was born.]

This yere upon seynt Petyr day and Poule the fraunchise of London was sesed into the kynges hand; forasmoche as Gregory Rokesby maire yelde up the seal at Berkynge chirche, and toke it to Rauf Asshewy; and thanne was Rauf Sandwych mad wardeyn of the citee. And in this yere the kyng of Fraunce wente into Aragon with a gret powere. Also in this yere Edward the kynges son was borne.[19] And the kyng dwelled in Walys tyl ayens Cristemasse, and he held his Cristemasse at Bristoll.

[Footnote 19: "at Carnarvon" in the Cotton MS.]

Rauf Sandwyche, custos, drap'. Walt' Blount. A^{o}. xiiij^{mo}. Joh'es Wade.

[Sidenote: Additamenta Glouc'.]

This yere kyng Philipp of Fraunce com out of Aragon, where he loste the most part of his oost, and deyde: and Philipp his sone was crowned kyng in the feste of the Epithanie. And in this yere deyde kyng Petyr of Aragon. Also in this yere, in the feste of the Nativite of oure lady, S^{r}. Edmond Mortymer receyved the ordre of knyghthod of kyng Edward at Wynchestre. Also, this seid S^{r}. Edmond wedded Margarete the doughter of Sire William de Fowles,[20] cosyn to the quene, at London. And in this yere were mad at London, the statutes whiche ben seid additamenta Glouc'.

[Footnote 20: "Fenles" in the Cotton MS.]

John Breton, wardeyn. Thomas Cros. A^{o}. xv^{o}. Will' Hauteyne.

[Sidenote: Alle the Jewes of Ingelond were put to a gret tribute.]

[Sidenote: To hym was rendred certeyn lond.]

[Sidenote: Grete haylstones.]

In this yere, alle the Jewes of Engelond were put to a gret tribute, to be payed to the kyng. Also this yere the kyng passed the see into Fraunce, aboughte the Invencion of the Holy Cross; and of the kyng of Fraunce he was worthyly resceyved, and so yorned a certeyn time with the kyng of Fraunce at Parys, whiche yald up certeyn londes of Gascoigne to the kyng Edward, whiche long tyme hadde wrongfully be withholden out of his handes. Also in this yere, in the March of Walys fel the grettest hailstones that evere were seyn in that countre, whiche dede grete harme to beestes and to houses and to corn.

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1287-1290.]

Rauf Sandwych, custos. Will' Hereford. A^{o}. xvj^{o}. Thomas Staunes.

This yere seynt Thomas of Hereford was translatyd. Also, aboughte Pentecost, Rys ap Geredith began partie ayeyns the kynges pees, and werred in the kynges londes.

Id'm custos. Will'm Beteyne. A^{o}. xvij^{mo}. John Caunterbury.

[Sidenote: A q're whete at xvj d.]

This yere was so gret plente of whete that men solden a quarter of whete for xvj^{d}. And in this yere was a passyng hoot sommer, and specially in hervest.

Id'm custos. Fulco de S'c'o Ed'o. A^{o}. xviij^{o}. Salamon Langford.

This yere kyng Edward cam out of Gascoigne into Engelond upon oure lady day, the Assumpcion. And in this yere S^{r}. Thomas Weylond justice, Adam of Skretton, and alle moost alle other justices were convicte of false domes yevynge, and grevously punysched; some of lesyng and forfaityng of alle there goodes, and some be redempcion of moche money.

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1290-1292.]

Id'm custos. Thomas Romayn. A^{o}. xix^{o}. Will'm Leyre.

[Sidenote: Alle the Jewes were exiled out of Engelond.]

[Sidenote: The v^{th} of ther moveable goodes.]

[Sidenote: Obiit regina Elianora.]

[Sidenote: The staple of wolles was ordeyned at Sandwych.]

In this yere alle the Jewes were exiled out of Engelond, to voyde the reaume of Engelond be Alhawen tyme, upon peyne of lesynge of there heedes or eny of them mighte be founden withinne the reaume; and for to have this graunted of the kyng don and performed, the co'es of the reaume grauntyd for to yeve the kyng the V parte of there moveable goodes. This same yere Gilbert the erle of Gloucestre wedded dame Johanne the kynges doughter. And in this yere forthwith the dukes sone of Braban wedded dame Margrete the kynges other doughter. And in this yere, on seynt Andrew even, deyde quene Elianore kyng Edward wyf. Also in this yere aroos a grete stryf betwen the V Portus and Flaundres. Also this yere the kyng ordeyned the newe feyre and market at Sandewych, where alle the wolles of Engelond schal be brought, and there sold.

Id'm custos. Rauf Blount. Anno xx^{mo}. Hamond Box.

In this yere Acres was wonne of the Sarasynes the xv day of Maii, and utterly destroid, and alle tho that dwelden withinne that myghte be founden were sclayn. Natheles manye escapid awey be schippes. Also quene Elianore the kynges modyr deyde. And in this yere the kyng prisoned his sone for mayntenaunce of diverses traitoures.

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1292-1294.]

Id'm custos. Herry Bele. Anno xxj^{mo}. Ely Russel, drap'.

[Sidenote: mors.]

[Sidenote: mors.]

[Sidenote: mors.]

In this yere the kyng of Scotlond come to the kynges parlement to London. Also that type iij men token away too prisoners fro Baskle seriaunt of London; wherfore the ryghte handes of the same iij men weren smyten of at the Standard in Chepe. Also in this yere, iiij nonas April, deyde pope Nicholas. Also in this yere deyde S^{r}. Robert Burnell bysshop of Bathe, and thanne chaunceler of Engelond. Also in this yere frere John Pecche erchebysshop of Caunterbury deyde. And in this same yere anon after Whitsonday, the justices of eyr saten at Hereford. And in this yere anon after the feste of seynt Michel, they saten at Schrowesbury.

Id'm custos.[21] Robert Rokesley the younger. A^{o}. xxij^{do}. Martyn Ambresbury.

[Footnote 21: "Raffe Sandwich custos pro p'te anni" in the Cotton MS.]

[Sidenote: A gret snowe.]

In this yere fel the grettest snowe that evere was seyn before this tyme; wherfore a vercyfyer made in metre thise vers:

[Sidenote: v's'.]

"C'stino tiburci s'c'or' Valariani Nix cadit innanis vent' vehemens Borial' Emulsit silvas ussit quas rep'it herbas Edes dampnose detexit et impetuose Quas clam p'stravit sic plurima dampna patravit."

[Sidenote: A weddyng.]

And in this yere the erle of Barre wedded dame Elianore the kynges doughter at Bristoll, aboughte the Exaltacion of the Holy Crosse.

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1294-1296.]

Sire John Bryton, knyght, custos. Ric' Glouc'. A^{o}. xxiij^{cio}. Herry Box.

[Sidenote: A gret rysyng in Walys.]

[Sidenote: The Normanes arryved at Dovorre.]

In this yere was a gret rysyng in Walys, wherfore the kyng wente into Walys and made pees and reeste. Also the townes of Bloy and Bayone werre wonne be S^{r}. John Seynt John and other worschepful bachelers of Engelond. Also the same yere the Normaunes arryved at Dovorre and brent a gret part of the towun and martyred an holy man that was clepyd Seynt Thomas of Dovorre: but the Normaunes were sclayn every modir sone, ther eschapid none. Also in this yere the kyng was defraunded of his lond in Gascoigne in this manner, sothly: the kyng hadde yoven the forseyd lond of Gascoyne to the kynges suster of Fraunce, for that sche schulde be yoyned to hym in fre mariage, and be some of his counseill enfeffed here in the sayd lond of Gascoigne; whiche lond of Gascoigne sche yaf to Charles here brother and to other, and the matrymoigne betwen here and kyng Edward sche sette at noughte, and wolde noughte stonden therto. Wherfore kyng Edward sente hyse ambassatours to the kyng of Almaigne, Spayne, and of Aragon, and to manye other dukes and erles beyonde the see, preyenge and askynge counseill and helpe of the seid matier: of whiche some because of affynyte and for yeftes yeven, and some for good and faire beheste of yeftes, graunted the kyng his axynge.

Id'm custos. John Dunstable. A^{o}. xxiiij^{to}. Adam Halyngbery.

[Sidenote: Alle the wolles and felles of Engelond arested.]

[Sidenote: The clergye of Engelond graunted moche good to the kyng for his werres.]

[Sidenote: And the lay peple graunted the x p't of there goodes.]

[Sidenote: xxv m^{l} and viii^{c} Scotts.]

[Sidenote: The kyng tok the castell of Edenburgh with alle the regalies of Scotlond.]

In this yere the kyng lete areste alle the wolles of Engelond, wolle felles and hydes; and he tok to hym alle the money to hym graunted of the pope in subsidie of the holy lond, and collecto's[22] of the same dysme thorugh Engelond, and he dede for to be born to London into his Eschequer: also the convocacion of the clergye of alle Engelond beynge at London the Wednesday nest after the fest of seynt Mathy, the kyng asked a gret some of the clergye toward his werres whiche he hadde with diverses regiones and provynces; and the clergye graunted hym halven dele there goodes sp'uelx and temp'elx, oughtake benefices not passynge x marc: and the said taske the kyng let gadere at iij tymes evenly of the yere. Also in this yere[23] the kyng hadde of lay peple of Engelond the x part of there goodes, whiche he let gadere at two tymes of the yere be even porcions. The same yere the werre aroos betwen the kyng and the Walssh peple, in whiche werre was sclayn greet multitude of peple: and that werre began aboughte the feste of seynt Cosine and Damyan. And in this yere a worthy marchaund callyd Laurence of Lodolowe was dreynt in the see to Flaundres ward. Also in this yere S^{r}. Thomas Turbevyle for treson was drawen and hanged. And in this yere Sire John Seynt John discomfyted the erle of Artoys; but in the seconde bataile the said S^{r}. John was taken and enprisoned in Fraunce. And in this yere S^{r}. Herry Mortymer resceyved the ordre of knyghthoode at Portesmouth. Also this same yere the kyng Edward, magre alle the Scottes of Scotlond, he toke the toun and the castell of Berewyk, and killed there xxv m^{l} and viij c Scottes; and there were taken S^{r}. William Douglas, S^{r}. Symond Freshell, and the erle Patryke. And in this yere, that is to sey the yere of oure lord a m^{l}cclxxxxvij, the kyng tok the castell of Edenburgh, where he fond the regalyes of Scotlond, that is to seye the kynges see, his crowne of gold, and his ceptre, whiche regalyes the kyng offred sithens to seynt Edward at Westm', in the morwe after seynt Bothulphes day: and at Myssomer, John Bailhol kyng of Scotlond come to the kynges pees to London. Also this yere Edward the kynges sone was admirall upon the see.

[Footnote 22: "Of the collectours" in the Cotton MS.]

[Footnote 23: See note F.]

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1296-1297.]

Id'm custos. Thomas Suffolk. A^{o}. xxv^{to}. Adam Fulham, drap'.

[Sidenote: The kyng lete gadere in Engelond cm^{l} quart' of corn for to send to Gascoigne.]

This yere the kyng lete gadere in Engelond in diverses schires an hundred thousand quarters of corn, and sente it over the see into Gascoigne: and the kyng passed the see in August, and with hym xx^{ti} m^{l}[24] Walsh men and too m^{l} Englysshmen and too m^{l} Irysshmen; and there aroos a stryf betwen the kyng and his lordes, that non of them wolde passen with hym over the see; and the kyng arryved in Flaundres: and there was taken trewes for too yere betwen kyng Edward and kyng Philipp of Fraunce; and S^{r}. John Seynt John and other prysoners were frely delyvered out of pryson.

[Footnote 24: "xxx thousand" in the Cotton MS.]

Id'm custos. Will'm Stortford. Anno xxvj^{to}. John Stortford.

[Sidenote: Certeyn men were arested for brekyng of the toune of Cornhull.]

In this yere, in the feste of seynt Andrew, the kyng graunted to the lordes all there axynge of the poyntes of the olde chartre: also the Scottes areysed werre ayeyns the kyng of Engelond: also the viij day of Paske, Thomas Romayn, Richard Romayn,[25] Richard Gloucestre, Nicholl Faryndon, Adam Halyngbery, Thomas Cely, John Dunstale, Richard Asshwy, John Wade and William Storteford, weren aresteed for brekyng of the toune in Cornhull. And in the viij day of May[26] in this yere the kyng faught with the Scottes at Fowkyrk, in which bataile xxiij m^{l}[27] Scottes were sclayn, and of Englysshmen but xxviij, honoured be the highe Godes grace.

[Footnote 25: Omitted in the Cotton MS.]

[Footnote 26: "The day of Marie Mawdelyne" in the Cotton MS.]

[Footnote 27: "xxx m^{l}"—Ibid.]

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1298-1300.]

Herry Wallys, maior. Ric' Sop'lane. Anno xxvij^{o}. Thomas Cely.

[Sidenote: The fraunchise of London was graunted ayeyn.]

[Sidenote: A maryage betwen the kyng and Margarete the kynges sust' of Fraunce.]

[Sidenote: He wan all Scotland.]

This same yere the fraunchise of London was graunted ayeyn for ij m^{l} marc, whiche was sesed ayeyn into the kynges hond; and for to make leve of that some, the servauntes bowys in the citee were sette at the tallage as well as the maistres. Also in this yere men of London wenten and sercheden the chirche of Seynt Martyns in the feld for tresoure of gold, thorough the wordes of a gardyn', whiche seyde how there was a gold hord; but they founde nought: wherfore the dene of Poules of London, be comaundement of the erchebysshop of Caunterbury, denounced them alle accursed openly at the Crosse of Poules that sergeden as above seyd. Also in this yere Robert Wynchelsee erchebysshop of Caunterbury spoused the kyng Edward and Margarete the kynges suster of Fraunce togidere: and also pees was mad betwen bothe kynges. And in this yere the kyng wente the thridde tyme beyounde the see into Scotlond, and thanne wan it alle.

Ely Russell, maior. Henry Fyngreth. A^{o}. xxviij^{o}. John Armentires.

[Sidenote: The Traylbaston.]

[Sidenote: And this yere quene Margarete com into Engelond.]

[Sidenote: The kyng enprysoned his sone Edward.]

This yere come the kyng to London and ordeyned the Trailbaston, whiche wente thorough the reaume, and arrered therby moche tresour. And in this yere the quene Margarete com into Engelond; and the citeizens of London reden ageine here in good aray, abought cc persones atte the leeste. Also this yere the kyng enprysoned his sone Edward, because that Waulter Langeton bysshop of Chestre hadde compleyned that the forsaid Edward, be counseill of Pers of Gavaston, esquyer of Gascoigne, hadde broken his parkes; and forasmoche as the said Edward the kynges sone was ladde and governed be the said Pers, the kyng dede exile the forseid Piers for evere.

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1300-1304.]

Id'm maior. Lucas Hav'yng. Anno xxix^{mo}. Ric' Champenes.

John Blount, drap', Rob't Gallere. A^{o}. xxx^{mo}. maior. Pet' Bosynho.

[Sidenote: A parlement at Caunterbury.]

In this yere the kyng held his parlement at Caunterbury, and the werre aroos betwen the kyng of Fraunce and of Flemynges.

Id'm maior. Herry Pourte. Anno xxxj^{mo}. Simon Parys.

Id'm maior. Will' Combemartyn. A^{o}. xxxij^{do}. John Burford.

[Sidenote: The templers were stroid.]

This same yere, that is for to seye the yere of oure lord a m^{l}cccv, were alle the Templers distroyd in oo day thorugh out alle Cristendome.

REX EDWARDUS PRIMUS. [1304-1307.]

Id'm maior. Rog' Parys. A^{o}. xxxiij^{cio}. John Lyncoln.

[Sidenote: A parlement at Westm'.]

[Sidenote: R. le Bruz.]

In this yere William Waleys, that was sworne liege man to the kyng of Engelond, presented hymselfe to be kyng of Scotlond, and rebelled ayens kyng Edward: nevertheles he was taken and sent to London, where he was dampned, drawen, and hanged and beheded, and his bowels brent and the body quarterd; and his hede sette upon London brigg, and hys foure quarters sent into the foure beste townes in Scotlond: and this was don upon seynt Bertilmewes even. And in the fest of seynt Myghell the kyng held his parlement at Westm'; to the whiche parlement come ought of Scotlond the bysshop of seynt Andrew, Robert le Bruz erle of Caryk, Simon Frysell, and John erle of Athelles, whiche weren sworne to be trewe lieges to kyng Edward.

Id'm maior. Reg'lus Underley. Anno xxxiiij^{to}. William Cosyn.

[Sidenote: Roberte le Bruz.]

[Sidenote: Bysshoppe of Boston.]

[Sidenote: Bisshoppe of Burdeux made pope.]

This yere Robert Bruz made hym kyng of Scotlond, and S^{r}. John Comyn was sclayn atte Grey Freres in Donfres, because he wolde not falsen his othe that he made to kyng Edward; wherefore the kyng sente after alle the bachellarye of Engelond that thei schulde comen to Westm' at Whitsontyd thanne nest folwyng; and there he doubbed cclxxx knyghtes: and the Fryday[28] nest before the assumpcion of oure lady, the kyng mette with Robert le Bruz be syde seynt Jones towne, and killed of his meyne vij m^{l}; and Robert le Bruz fledde: and Simond Frissell was take, and on oure lady even the Nativite he was drawen and hanged at London, and beheded. And in the forsaid bataille were taken the bysshop of Boston, the bysshop of seynt Andrewes, the abbot of Stone, alle armed, whom the kyng sente to the pope, to do with them what he wolde. Also S^{r}. John the erle of Athelles was taken also at the same bataille; and at the request of the quene, because he claymed kynrede of kyng Edward, his drawynge was relesed; nevertheles he was honged and his body brent alle to asshes. And also in this yere the erchebysshop of Burdeux was mad pope.

[Footnote 28: "the iiij^{th} day" in the Cotton MS.]

Id'm maior, drap'. Simon Benet. A^{o}. xxxv^{to}. Geffray atte Conduyt.

In this yere deyde the noble and most doughted prynce kyng Edward the firste, in the day of translacion of seynt Thomas of Caunterbury, whos body lith worthyly entered at Westm'.

[Transcriber's Note: Edward I actually died in 1307, the 36th year of his reign.]

* * * * *

NOMI'A MAIOR' ET VICECOMITU' LONDON' TEMPORE REG' EDWARDI SECUNDI DE CARNARVAN', QUI CORONATUS FUIT APUD WESTM' X^{mo} KAL' MARCII[29] ANNO D'NI MILL'MO CCC^{mo} vij^{o}.

[Footnote 29: "xiiij Kalend' Decembris" in the Cotton MS.]

REX EDWARDUS SECUNDUS. [1307-1308.]

John Blount, maior. Will'o Furneys. A^{o}. p'mo. Nygel Drury.

[Sidenote: Kyng Edward wedded the kynges doughter of Fraunce, Isabell.]

This yere the kyng Edward wente into Fraunce and wedded Isabell the kynges doughter of Fraunce, the xv day of Januer', in oure lady chirche at Boloigne; and the xx day Fever' sche was crowned at Westm': and there was so gret prees of peple that S^{r}. John Bakwell was crowsed to the deth. Also in the same yere the kyng anon after the deth of his fadir sente into Gascoigne for Pers of Gavaston; and he yaf hym the lordschipe of Walyngford and the erledom of Cornuwayle: and this same yere prophecyed the chanon of Bridlyngton.

REX EDWARDUS SECUNDUS. [1308-1312.]

Nicholl Faryndone, William Basyng. A^{o}. s'c'do. goldsmyth, m'. Pers Blakeney.[30]

[Footnote 30: See note G.]

Thomas Romayn, m'. Simon Merewode.[31] A^{o}. t'cio. Ric' Willeford.[32]

[Footnote 31: See note G.]

[Footnote 32: See note G.]

[Sidenote: Templers were distroyd.]

[Sidenote: The ordre of the Crowched Freres began.]

In this yere the schirreves of London paid for the accomptes of London and Middlesex cccc^{li}. Also in this yere, that is to seye the yere of oure lord a m^{l} ccc^{mo} x^{mo}, the ordre of Templers were distroid on oo day thorugh alle Cristendome, whiche ordre began in the yere of oure lord a m^{l} lxxxxviij. Also in the same yere began the ordre of Paulyns, that is to say Crowched Freres.

Ric' Reff'm, m'. Simon Crop. A^{o}. iiij^{to}. Petir Blakeney, drap'.

John Gysors, m'. Roger Palmere.[33] A^{o}. v^{to}. Jacob Seynt Ed'ust.[34]

[Footnote 33: See note H.]

[Footnote 34: See note H.]

[Sidenote: Edward of Wyndesore was born.]

In this yere was borne the kynges sone Edward at Windesore.

REX EDWARDUS SECUNDUS. [1312-1315.]

Id'm maior. John Lambyn. A^{o}. vj^{to}. Ric' Lucekyn.[35]

[Footnote 35: "Bitekyn" in the Cotton MS.]

Nicholl Faryndon, m'. Adam Burden. A^{o}. vij^{o}. goldsmyth. Hugo Garton.

This yere of oure lord a m^{l} cccxiiij the kyng Edward with a ryall oost wente into Scotlond; and upon Missomer day faught with the Scottes at Strywelyn; and there he was discomfited and fledde, and moche of his peple sclayn.

John Gysors, m'. Stephen Abyndon. A^{o}. viij^{o}. William Bedyngham.

In this yere it befell that there was a rebaude called John Tannere, the whiche wente aboughte and seyde that he was the goode kyng Edward sone, and called hymself kyng Edward of Carnarvan, and seide thorugh necligence of his noryce, whil he lay in his cradel a sowe com in and foule rente hym, and the noryce durste nought tellen it, but toke a tannere sone[36] and kepte hym in hys stede, and so he was putt to kepyng of another noryce, be whiche he was preved of his rewme: and for to make this the more certeyne to be belevyd, he schewed the places of the woundes which that he seyde the sowe hadde mad. And he seyde that kyng Edward maners were acordyng with the maners of his fadyr the water-berere,[37] for as moche as he loved swyche rude werkes: and for this seyenge moche peple yaf credence to hym and leved his wordes. Also the same John Tanner chalangyd the chirche of the Frere Cannes at Oxenford, whiche was somtyme the kynges halle, and kyng Edward hadde yeve it to them to make thereof there chirche. But natheles at the last he was preved fals, and was taken and brought to Northampton, and there he was drawen and hanged; and before that he was put to his penaunce he confessed before the peple that the devell be hyghte hym that he schulde be kyng of Engelond, and knowloched that he hadde served the devell iij yere and more.

[Footnote 36: "A carter son" in the Cotton MS.]

[Footnote 37: "The carter." Ibid.]

REX EDWARDUS SECUNDUS. [1315-1317.]

Step'us Abyndon, Hamo Goodchepe. A^{o}. ix^{o}. drap', m'. William Golith.[38]

[Footnote 38: "William Bedyngton" in the Cotton MS.]

[Sidenote: The toune and the castell of Berewyk was lost thorugh treson.]

[Sidenote: Too cardenals comen into Engelond to make pees.]

The same yere, that is to sey the yere of oure lord a m^{l}cccxvj, upon Midlentyne Soneday, the toun and the castell of Berewyk was lost thorugh treson of Piers of Spaldyng, thanne beynge kepere of the same toun and castell. In this yere too cardenales comen into Engelond for to make pees betwen Engelond and Scotlond, whiche weren robbed upon the more of Wygelysdon; of whiche robbery S^{r}. Robert of Middelton was ateynt, and jugged to be drawe an hanged and beheded at London, and his hede sett up at Neugate; and hise quarters were sent to iiij principale citees of Engelond. And in this yere was an orible moreyn of beestes.

John Wyng've, m'. William Causton. A^{o}. x^{mo}. Rauf Balmere.

[Sidenote: A gret derthe of corn and othere vitailes.]

This yere was a gret derthe of corn and other vitailes, for a busshell of whete was worth vs: and the poure peple eten for hunger cattes and hors and houndes; and too yere and an half a quarter of whete was worth ii marc; and the poure peple stal children and eten them, and thanne anon after there fille a gret pestilence among the peple.

REX EDWARDUS SECUNDUS. [1317-1321.]

Id'm maior. John Prions. Anno xj^{mo}. William Furneux.

[Sidenote: The Scottes come into Engelond and distroyde Northumb'.]

This yere the Scottes comen into Engelond and distroyden Northumbr': and the citee of London sente to Yorke cc men of armes; and Scotlond was entyrdyted.

Id'm maior. John Pulteney. Anno xij^{o}. John Dallyng.

[Sidenote: A parlement at Yorke.]

This yere the kyng held his parlement at Yorke; and S^{r}. Hugh Spencer[39] was mad chaumberleyn of Engelond. And in this yere was Thomas the erle of Lancastre beheded.

[Footnote 39: "Sir Hugh Spencer son" in the Cotton MS.]

Hamo Chikell, m'.[40] Simon Abyndon.[41] A^{o}. xiij^{mo}. John Preston.[42]

[Footnote 40: See note I.]

[Footnote 41: See note I.]

[Footnote 42: See note I.]

This yere were the Spencers bothe the fadyr and the sone exiled out of Engelond; after they were ayeyne revoked be the kyng.

Nycholl Faryndon, m'. William Prodhom.[44] A^{o}. xiiij^{mo}. goldsmythe.[43] Arnold Conduyt.[45]

[Footnote 43: See note I.]

[Footnote 44: See note I.]

[Footnote 45: See note I.]

[Sidenote: The rysynge of erles and barons of this land.]

This yere of oure lord a m^{l}cccxxj was strongly the barouns werre; and Thomas erle of Lancastre the xij kal' of Aprill was beheded. And in this yere was the rysynge of the erles and barons of this lond; and they token S^{r}. Piers of Gaveston, the kynges sworn brother, and smot of his hed; for which the kyng afterward in oo day dede do beheded xx/iiij lordes and gentyles for the deth of the seid Piers.

REX EDWARDUS SECUNDUS. [1321-1323.]

Hamo Chikewell, m'. Ric' Constantyn. A^{o}. xv^{o}. drap'. Ric' of Hakeney.

[Sidenote: The sonne was turned into blod.]

In this yere of oure lord a m^{l}cccxxij, the laste day of Octobre, the sonne was turned into blod, and so endured fro the morwe of the day unto xj of the belle[46] befor noon.

[Footnote 46: "of the Belle of the mydday" in the Cotton MS.]

Id'm maior. John Grantham. Anno xvj^{o}. Rog' of Ely.

[Sidenote: The vi^{th} peny of moveables.]

[Sidenote: An ordynance what the kynges offycers schulde taken in every degre.]

This same yere the kyng hadde the syxte peny of moebles goodes thorugh out Engelond. Also in this yere in the monthe of Juyne, forasmoche as the officers of the kynges houshold have ben alwey behynden, and in no certeynte of that they ought to don, nor in no certeyn what thei schulde taken of the kyng be resone of there offices, whereof examination of the saide offices ne myghte not be done, ne the officers charged as they oughte to ben, to gret damage and dishonor to the kyng, and the governaunce of his houshold not wel disposed, the kyng havynge reward to the state above seyd, and hise goodes in other manner dispendid thanne they oughte, comaunded Sire Bertilmewe Badlesmere styward of his houshold, Sire Hugh Spencer chamberleyn, Sire Roger of Norbury tresorer, and Sire Gilbert of Wyghton countroller, that thei schulde ordeyne thereupon remedie; whiche be the vertu of the kynges comaundement, ordeyned alle manere officers of houshold, and what service every officer schulde have, and what every officer schulde take, and what servaunts every officer schulde have, and what the servaunts schulde take: and whan alle the ordinaunce was made and rad before the kyng in presence of the worschipfull fadres William Milton erchebysshop of Yorke, Maistre Walter Stapilton bysshop of Excestre, the bysshop of Ely chaunceler of Engelond, the bishopp of Norwych, the bysshop of Salisbury, Sire Herry le Scrop, Sire Herry Sprignell, justices, it was assentyd and contentyd perpetuelly to be observed.

REX EDWARDUS SECUNDUS. [1323-1325.]

Nicholl Faryndon, m'. Adam Salesbury. Anno xvij^{o}. goldsmyth. John Oxenford.

This yere the quene wente into Fraunce; and after wente S^{r}. Edward the kynges sone to his modir into Fraunce; and the kyng of Fraunce made hym duke of Guyon: wherfore kyng Edward was wroth with quene Isabell his wyf, and with Edward hys sone; and thorugh counseill of the Spensers the kyng dede exile the quene his wyf and Edward his sone, and tok into hys handes alle there landes and lordschippes that they hadden in Engelond.

Hamo Chikewell, m'. Benet Fulham. Anno xviij^{o}. drap'. John de Causton.

[Sidenote: A mariage betwen the kynges sone Edward and the erles dought' of Henowde.]

In this yere quene Isabell and Edward hire sone beynge in Fraunce, and knowyng the malyce of the kyng, thorugh entisement of the Spensers, sente for the lordes and gentiles that were exiled out of Engelond for Thomas cause of Lancastre, that is to sey, S^{r}. Roger Mortymer, S^{r}. William Trussell, S^{r}. John Cromwell, and manye othere, whiche alle togideres ordeyned to make a maryage betwen Edward the kynges sone and the erles doughter of Henowde. And whan that maryage was acorded to be mad, the erle of Henawde graunted to quene Isabell and to Edward here sone, and to othere lordes of there companye, to brynge them with strong pouere into Englond. And whanne tydynges thereof comen to the kyng Edward, he and the Spensers made moche sorwe, and ordeyned to kepe the see cost, and withstanden them that they schulde nought londen. And at the fest of the decollacion of seynt John Baptyst, the citezeins of London sente to the kyng to Porchestre an C men of armes: and the kyng lete do crye thorugh every good market of Engelond, that whoso myghte take S^{r}. Roger Mortymer, he schulde have an c^{li} for his trawaile. And the Wednesday nest before the fest of seynt Mighell, whiche was thanne the Monday, the quene and Edward hire sone, Sire Roger Mortymer, the erles brother of Henawde, and othere grete in there companye, arryved at Orewelle in Essex, faste be Herewych: and whanne they were landed the contre alle aboughte fel to them be there owne fre wylle. And the quene and S^{r}. Edward hire sone senten a lettre to the maire and the comonalte of London, requyryng them that they schulde be helpynge to them in the quarell and cause that the quene and Edward hire sone, heir of the ream of Engelond, hadde begonne; that is for to seye, for to distroye the traytours and enemyes of the sayd reaume. But non ansuere was sente ayeyne, for doughte of the kyng and of the too Spensers, the fadyr and the sone, at that tyme weren in the citee of London, with manye othere lordes with them. And forasmoche as non answere was sent ayeyn fro the meire and the comons of London of the said lettre, the quene and Edward here sone senten another lettre therupon, with hangynge seall, to the citee of London, whiche lettre, in the dawnyng of the day was takked upon the newe crosse in Chepe; and manye copies of the same lettre were takked upon wyndous, dores, and othere open places in the citee of London, that alle men myghte rede them that wenten be the weye: and this was done on seynt Denys day, that is to seye the ix day of Octobre.[47] And as the kyng was at his mete, tydynges comen to hym therof: and anoon the kyng, the Spensers bothe the fadir and the sone, the erle of Arundell, and maister Walter Baldok, fledden into Walys; and the kyng lefte maister Walter Stapilton bisshop of Excestre to have the governaunce of the citee of London; whiche bysshop axed to have the keyes and governaunce of the citee be vertu of the comission: where thorugh debate aroos betwen hym and the citee, so that he was taken and lad to the standard in Chepe, and his hede was there smyten of, and his hede sette in his right hand: and too of hyse squyers were beheded the same tyme, that is to sey the xiiij day of Octobre, the yere of oure lord a m^{l}cccxxvj^{ti}.

[Footnote 47: See note K.]

REX EDWARDUS SECUNDUS. [1325-1326.]

Id'm maior p' p'te a' Gilbert Moredon. A^{o}. xix^{o}. Ric' Beteyn p' residuo. John Cotton.

In this yere the kyng and bothe Spensers, Robert Baldok chaunceler, and the erle of Arundell, were taken in the hilles of Walys, and the kyng was put into sauf warde; but S^{r}. Hugh Spenser wolde never after that he was taken eten mete, wherfore at Hereford he was drawen, hanged, beheded and quartered: and then was the sone of S^{r}. Hugh Spenser the fadyr was drawen,[48] hanged and beheded at Bristoll. Also in this yere, be the assent of alle the lordes of Engelond spirituelx and temperelx, and be alle the comonalte of the reaume, be fre eleccion of them alle, and resyngnacion of kyng Edward the fadyr, Sire Edward his sone was chosen kyng of Engelond.[49]

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