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A Manual of Pronunciation - For Practical Use in Schools and Families
by Otis Ashmore
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[Transcriber's Notes: Italics denoted by underscores and bold denoted by equals. Some words have accents of different weight. The heavier one is marked double, like "ămȧ-tūr"

This version is in the ascii character set. The ascii character set does not include accented characters. All accented characters are shown with a 4 character representation of that character, such as ā for an a with a macron over it. For a full list of these characters, see the KEY TO THE PRONUNCIATION below.

For a version with the accents shown in full, please see the UTF-8 or HTML versions of this book.]



A MANUAL OF PRONUNCIATION

FOR PRACTICAL USE IN SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES

Containing a Careful Selection of Words in the English Language Most Commonly Mispronounced, together with their Pronunciation as Given by the Best Authorities in England and America

BY

OTIS ASHMORE

Superintendent of Schools, Savannah, Ga.

BOSTON, U.S.A. GINN & COMPANY, PUBLISHERS The Athenaeum Press

Copyright, 1904 By OTIS ASHMORE

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 94.10



PREFACE

Nothing so quickly or so certainly reveals the character of our culture and early associations as our speech. The persistence of habits formed in youth, especially bad habits of pronunciation, is well known, and the correction of such faults in adult life is a matter of considerable care and effort.

This manual has been prepared for practical use in the school-room and for the use of families and individuals who value a correct pronunciation of the English language.

Several important features of this manual have justified its preparation. First, the number of words presented has been limited to those most frequently mispronounced, thus reducing the book to a practical working field at small cost. Many of the words in most books on orthoepy are very rarely mispronounced, and they serve only to cumber the work. Those who desire an exhaustive reference book should consult the dictionaries. Second, the plan of exhibiting the weight of authorities where authorities differ is of great practical value. In these cases the typography and the arrangement are such as to prevent confusion. It is certainly desirable to know the weight of authority that prefers one of two or more authorized pronunciations. A glance at the page will show at once what company we keep. Third, the drill columns of unmarked words in the back of the book will be appreciated by every teacher. The attempt to teach orthoepy without much drill and practice is of little use. It is not enough to tell pupils how words are pronounced; they must be drilled by abundant practice in order to fix the correct pronunciation in the memory. Under the head of "How to Use the Book" this use of the drill columns is fully illustrated. Fourth, in case of those words about whose pronunciation there is no difference of opinion among the authorities the fact is indicated by a star opposite these words. It is a source of much satisfaction to know that many words, as albumen, address, coadjutor, divan, horizon, harass, idea, incisive, inquiry, leisure, opponent, etc., have only one authorized pronunciation, and that all other pronunciations are without any authority whatever.

There is another class of words concerning whose pronunciation there is some slight difference of opinion but the weight of authority is overwhelmingly in favor of some one particular form. The plan of this book enables the student to see at once the strength or weakness of his position in regard to the pronunciation of such words, and to choose the form supported by the best authority. This may be illustrated by such words as abdomen, acclimate, appendicitis, candelabrum, data, finance, ignoramus, gratis, etc.

There are many words in our language about whose pronunciation the best orthoepists and lexicographers differ greatly. In some cases it is very difficult to determine what form should be preferred. It is well that we should know these words and the differences of opinion concerning their pronunciation in order that we may give due credit to those who may use a different form of pronunciation from that adopted by ourselves.

"The ultimate standard of pronunciation for the English language is the usage that prevails among the best-educated portion of the people to whom the language is vernacular; or, at least, the usage that will be most generally approved by them."

Campbell's law of the good usage of a word applies with much force to its pronunciation. This law requires this usage to be, first, reputable, or the practice of intelligent and educated persons; second, national, as opposed to provincial or foreign; third, present, or the usage of the generation in which we live.

As representing the best usage in pronunciation, ten of the best dictionaries of the English language published in this country and in England have been selected for reference. The scholarship, labor, and care displayed in these works entitle them to our highest respect. Many other authorities have been freely consulted, but the resultant of the opinions of those named is rarely changed by the consideration of any others. Many important and obvious considerations justify us in assigning different values to the authorities quoted. In determining the preferred form of pronunciation in the following pages due weight has been given to all these considerations, with the feeling, however, that in the case of a few words a different form from that indicated might with equal propriety be preferred and used by others.

In cases where there is a marked difference in the English and the American usage, and yet nearly an average balance, the preference has been given to the latter.

The compiler has not presumed to give any weight of authority whatever to his own views in determining the pronunciation of words, but he has sought rather to present the views of others who are justly entitled to our highest respect.

OTIS ASHMORE.

March, 1904.



HOW TO USE THE BOOK

Success in teaching this book depends very largely upon frequent short drills. Daily lessons are far better than one or two lessons a week. The plan should be to advance slowly and review rapidly. Every pupil should have a book.

The teacher should first assign a lesson of from ten to twenty words daily, and go over the lesson with the pupils, pronouncing each word distinctly and giving such other instruction as may be needed.

In preparing the lesson the pupil should learn and adopt the preferred pronunciation only, using the other forms for reference and general information.

In the back of the book will be found a list of all the words given in this manual arranged in order corresponding to the pages and numbered accordingly for convenient reference, but the words are without diacritical marks. This list is intended for use in recitation and drill.

In conducting the recitation, have the pupils in turn pronounce from this drill list the words assigned for the lesson. While the pupil who is reciting is thus engaged, the other members of the class should follow closely with their eyes the words that are diacritically marked in the body of the book, in order that the eye memory as well as the ear memory may be utilized in fixing the desired impressions upon the mind. Corrections may be made in the usual way. Every recitation should include a rapid review of from one hundred to two hundred of the words previously learned. This review is essential.

Written recitations at stated times are desirable. The unmarked words may be written upon the blackboard, and the pupils may be required to copy them, placing the accent and diacritical marks in the proper places. Other methods will readily suggest themselves.

If the pupils are not already familiar with the diacritical marks they should be thoroughly taught before beginning with the words.

KEY TO THE PRONUNCIATION

ā as in fāte ă " făt â " fâir ä " fär ȧ " fȧst a " fall ạ " whạt a " fīnal

ē " mēte ĕ " mĕt ẽ " hẽr ê " thêre e " prey e " rēcent

ī " pīne ĭ " pĭn ï " ma-chïne ĩ " bĩrd

ō " nōte ŏ " nŏt ô " nôr o " do ọ " wọlf ȯ " sȯn [=oo] " f[=oo]d [)oo] " f[)oo]t

ū " ūse ŭ " ŭs u " rule ụ " fụll û " ûrge

ȳ " flȳ y " nymph ỹ " mỹrrh

The symbol [+] placed over a vowel indicates the long sound of that vowel shortened, or without the vanish. It is used in unaccented syllables, as in sĕnate, e-vĕnt, i-dēa, o-bey, u-nīte.

oi as in oil ou " out

ç, soft, like s çede [-c-], hard, like k [-c-]all ḡ, hard, as in ḡet ġ, soft, like j ġem s like z has x like gz exist [th] as in [th]is th " thin n like ng n, nasal tone (as in French) of the preceding vowel, as in encore (ä+n+kor) ' (for voice glide), as in often (ŏf'n)



EXPLANATIONS

The authorities quoted and the abbreviations representing them are as follows:

Wb. Webster's International Dictionary, 1890, with Supplement. Wr. Worcester, 1859, with Supplement, 1882. St. The Standard Dictionary. C. The Century Dictionary. M. The New English Dictionary, by Murray, now in preparation. Of the ten volumes proposed for this great work six have been issued up to date. E. The Encyclopaedic Dictionary, by Hunter, 1879-1888. I. The Imperial Dictionary, 1883. S. Stormonth's Dictionary. Sm. Smart, edition of 1874. Wk. Walker, edition of 1809.

A star * placed opposite a word signifies that all authorities agree on the one pronunciation given, or that any difference of opinion is so slight as not to deserve attention.

The figures opposite the words signify the preferences of the authorities under which they stand. The figure 1 indicates the preferred pronunciation, or first choice; 2 indicates the second choice; 3, the third choice, etc. In all the authorities quoted the order of preference of the author is assumed to be indicated by the order in which the different forms of pronunciation are given by that author.

0 signifies that the form of pronunciation given opposite it is not given at all by the author under which the 0 occurs.

n. indicates noun; v. verb; adj. adjective; part. participle; adv. adverb; intj. interjection.

============================================================================================================== AMERICAN ENGLISH - - Wb. Wr. St. C. M. E. I. S. Sm. Wk. + - -+ -+ -+ - -+ -+ -+ -+ -+ - =abdomen= ăb-dōmĕn 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ăbdo-mĕn 0 0 0 2 0 2 2 0 0 0 =absolutory= ăb-sŏlu-to-ry 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 ăb-sŏlu-tŭr-e 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 =abstemious= ăb-stēmĭ-ŭs, not -stĕm- * =accent= n. ăksĕnt * =accent= v. ăk-sĕnt * =accessory= ăk-sĕsso-ry 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 ăksĕs-so-ry 0 1 0 2 1 0 1 0 0 1 ăksĕs-sûr-y 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 =acclimate= ăk-klīmāt, 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 not ăkklĭ-māt ăk-klīmȧt 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 =acetic=[1] ȧ-sĕtĭk 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 ȧ-sētĭk 1 0 0 2 1 2 0 0 0 =acoustics= ȧ-koustĭks 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 ȧ-k[=oo]stĭks 2 0 1 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 =acumen= ȧ-kūmĕn, not ăku-mĕn * =address= n., v. ăd-drĕs * =adept= ȧ-dĕpt 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 ădĕpt 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 =adipose= ădĭ-pōs, not -pōz 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 ăd-ĭ-pōs 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =adobe= ȧ-dōba * =adult= ȧ-dŭlt 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 ădŭlt 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 =adverse= ădvērs, not ăd-vẽrs * =advertisement= ăd-vẽrtĭz-ment 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ăd-vẽr-tīzment 2 2 1 2 2 2 0 0 0 2 =after= ȧftẽr * =again= ȧ-gĕn 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 ȧ-gān 0 0 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 =aged= adj. ājĕd * (ājd in compounds only) =aggrandizement= ăggrăn-dīzment 2 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 ăg-grăndĭz-ment 1 2 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 =agile= ăjĭl * =alabaster= ălȧ-băstēr, * not ăl-ȧ-băstẽr =albino= ăl-bīno 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 ăl-bēno 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 =albumen= ăl-būmĕn * not ălbŭ-mĕn =alkali= ălkȧ-lĭ 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 eē ălkȧ-lī 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 =alkaline= ălkȧ-lĭn 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 ălkȧ-līn 1 2 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 =allopathy= ăl-lŏpȧ-thy * =ally= ăl-lī, * not ăllī. So ăl-līes * =alma mater=[2] ălmȧ mātẽr * =almond= ämŭnd 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ălmŭnd 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 =alpaca= ăl-păkȧ * =altercation= ăl-tẽr-kāshŭn 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 al-tẽr-kāshŭn 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =alternate= n., adj. ăl-tẽrnat 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 al-tẽrnat 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 =alternate= v. ăltẽr-nāt 1 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 ăl-tẽrnāt 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 al-tẽrnāt 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 al-tẽrnat 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =amateur= ămȧ-tẽr 1 2 1 0 1 ămȧ-tūr 2 0 0 1 2 ăm-ȧ-tūr 0 1 0 2 0 =amen= āmĕn * (ämĕn in singing) =amenable= ȧ-mēnȧ-b'l, * not ȧ-mĕnȧ-b'l =ampere= ăm-pār * =anchovy= ăn-chōvy, not ăn-kōvy * =anemone= ȧ-nĕmo-ne * =animalcule= ănĭ-mălkul * =antipodes= ăn-tĭpo-dēz * =apotheosis= ăpo-thēo-sĭs 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 1 1 1 ăpŏ-thē-ŏsĭs 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 ȧ-pŏth-ĕ-ōsĭs 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 =apparatus= ăppȧ-rātŭs 1 1 1 1 1 ăppȧ-rȧtŭs 0 0 2 0 0 =apparent= ăp-pârent 1 1 0 1 2 1 0 ăp-pārent 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 =appendicitis= ăp-pĕndĭ-sītĭs 1 0 1 1 0 ăp-pĕn-dĭ-sētĭs 0 0 2 0 0 =apricot= āprĭ-kŏt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 āprĭ-kŏt 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 =apron= āprŭn 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 āpŭrn 1 1 2 2 2 0 0 2 1 =apropos= ăp-ro-pō 0 1 1 1 1 ăpro-pō 1 2 0 0 0 =aquiline= ăkwĭ-lĭn 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 ăkwĭ-līn 2 2 0 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 =arbitrament= är-bĭtrȧ-ment * =architect= ärkĭ-tĕkt * =archives= ärkīvs 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ärkĭvs 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 =arctic= ärktĭk, not ärtĭk * =area= āre-ȧ 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 ârĕȧ 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 =armada= är-mādȧ 1 1 1 1 1 är-mädȧ 2 0 2 0 0 =asphalt= n. ăsfălt, not ăsfalt 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 ăs-fălt 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 =aspirant= ăs-pīrant 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ăspĭ-rant 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =assignee= ăssĭ-nē * =attach= ȧttȧsha * =audacious= a-dāshŭs * =automobile= ato-mōbĭl 1 0 0 1 0 ato-mo-bēl 0 0 1 0 0 =avalanche= ăvȧ-lănch 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 ăvạ-länch 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 ăv-ạ-länch 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 =aye= (in voting) äĭ * =aye= (always) ā * =azure= ăzhụr 1 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 āzhụr 2 1 0 2 2 0 1 1 1 1 =bade= băd, not bād * =balcony= bălko-ny 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 băl-kōny 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 =ballet= bălla 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 băllĕt 2 2 0 2 2 2 0 0 băl-lā 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 =banana= bȧ-nänȧ 1 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 bȧ-nānȧ 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 bȧ-nănȧ 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 =banquet= băngkwĕt * =basalt= bȧ-salt, not bāsalt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 băsalt 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 =bas-relief= bäre-lēf 1 0 1 1 bȧsre-lēf 0 0 2 2 băssre-lēf 0 1 0 0 =baton= băttŭn 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 bätô+n+, Fr. 2 1 0 3 2 0 0 1 bă-tŏn 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 =bayou= bĭ[=oo] 1 1 1 1 1 bīō 0 2 0 0 0 =been= bĭn 1 1 1 2 2 0 0 1 1 bēn 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 =belles-lettres= bĕl-lĕttẽr * =beloved= part. be-lŭvd * =beloved= n., adj. be-lŭvĕd * =beneath= be-nēth 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 be-nēth 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 =bequeath= be-kwē[th] * =bestial= bĕschal 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 bĕstyạl 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 =bicycle= bīsĭ-k'l 1 1 1 1 =biography= bi-ŏgrȧ-fy, * not bē-,nor bĭ- * =bissextile= bĭs-sĕkstĭl * =bitumen= bĭ-tūmĕn 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 bĭtu-mĕn 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 =bivouac= bĭvwăk 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 bĭv[)oo]-ăk 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 =blanc-mange= blä-mä+n+zh * =blessed= part. blĕst * =blessed= adj. blĕsĕd * =boatswain= bōtswan 1 1 1 1 1 1 bōs'n, colloq. or naut. 2 2 2 2 2 2 =bombast= bŏmbȧst 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 bŭmbȧst 2 2 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 1 bŭm-bȧst 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 =bonbon= bô+n+bô+n+, Fr. * =bon ton= bô+n+ tô+n+, Fr. * =boudoir= b[=oo]dwôr, Fr. * =boulevard= b[=oo]le-värd 2 1 1 1 0 b[=oo]lẽ-vär 1 0 0 0 1 b[=oo]lvär, Fr. 0 0 0 2 2 =bouquet= b[=oo]-kā 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 b[=oo]kā 0 2 0 0 2 1 1 1 1 =bourn= bōrn 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 1 1 b[=oo]rn 2 2 0 2 0 1 1 1 0 0 =bovine= bōvīn 1 1 0 2 1 1 1 bovĭn 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 =bravado= brȧ-vādo * =bravo= intj. brävo 1 1 1 1 brāvō 0 2 0 0 =bravo= n. brāvo 1 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 brävo 0 1 2 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 =brethren= brĕthrĕn, * not brĕther-ĕn =brigand= brĭgand, not brĭ-gănd * =brigantine= brĭgăn-tīn 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 brĭgăn-tĭn 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 brīgăn-tēn 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 =bromide= brōmĭd 1 1 1 1 0 0 2 1 brōmīd 2 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 =bromine= brōmĭn 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 brōmīn 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 brōmēn 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 =bronchitis= brŏn-kītĭs 1 1 0 0 1 brŏng-kītĭs 0 0 1 1 0 brong-kētĭs 0 0 2 0 0 =brooch= brōch 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 br[=oo]ch 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 =brusque= br[)oo]sk * =buoy= boi 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 bwoi 1 1 0 0 2 0 2 0 1 1 b[=oo]y 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 =burro= bụrro * =cadaver= kȧ-dāvẽr 1 1 1 0 1 1 kȧ-dȧvẽr 0 0 2 0 0 0 kȧ-dăvẽr 0 0 0 1 0 0 =calcine= kăl-sīn 1 1 0 2 1 0 1 0 1 1 kălsĭn 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 kălsīn 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 =calliope= kăl-līo-pe, * not kăllĭ-ōp =calm= käm * =caloric= kȧ-lŏrĭk, not kălo-rĭk * =camelopard= kȧ-mĕlo-pärd 1 1 1 1 2 0 1 1 0 1 kămĕl-o-pärd 2 2 0 2 1 0 2 0 1 0 kămĕl-lĕpȧrd 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =candelabrum= kănde-lābrŭm 1 1 1 1 1 kăn-de-lȧbrŭm 0 0 2 0 0 =canine= kȧ-nīn 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 kānīn 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 kȧnīn 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 kănīn 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 =cantata= kȧn-tätȧ 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 kȧn-tātȧ 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 =caoutchouc= k[=oo]ch[=oo]k 1 1 0 0 1 k[=oo]ch[)oo]k 0 0 1 1 0 =caprice= kȧ-prēs * =caret= kārĕt 1 1 0 1 2 0 1 kărĕt 2 0 1 0 1 1 0 =carmine= kärmīn 1 1 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 kärmĭn 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 kar-mīn 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 =caricature= kărĭ-kȧ-tūr 1 1 2 0 1 n. 0 1 0 0 kărĭ-kȧ-tūr 0 2 0 0 0 v. 1 0 1 0 kăr-ĭk-ă-chūr 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 kărĭ-kȧ-chūr 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 =casement= kāsment 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 kāzment 0 1 0 2 2 0 1 0 1 1 =cayenne= ka-ĕn 1 1 1 0 1 ki-ĕn 2 0 0 0 2 kāĕn 0 0 0 1 0 =cement= n. se-mĕnt 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 sĕmĕnt 2 1 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 1 =cerebrum= sĕre-brŭm, * not se-rēbrŭm * =cerement= sērment, not sĕr'e-ment * =certain= sẽrtĭn, not sẽrt'n * =chagrin= shȧ-grĭn 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 shȧ-grēn 2 1 0 2 2 0 1 1 1 1 =chaise= shāz * =chamois= shămmy 1 1 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 shămwä 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 shȧ-moi 2 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 shămoi 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 =chaperon= shăpẽr-ōn 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 shăpẽr-ŏn 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 =chaps= (the jaws) chŏps * =charlatan= shärlȧ-tan * =chasten= chās'n, not chăs'n * =chastisement= chăstĭz-ment, not -tīz * =chivalric= shĭval-rĭk 1 0 0 1 2 1 1 1 0 shĭ-vălrĭk 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 chĭval-rĭk 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 =chivalrous= shĭval-rŭs 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 chĭval-rŭs 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 =chloride= klōrĭd 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 klōrīd 2 0 2 2 2 1 1 0 1 =chlorine= klōrĭn 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 1 1 klōrīn 0 0 2 0 2 1 1 0 0 klōrēn 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 =chores= chōrz, not kōrz * =clematis= klĕmȧ-tĭs, * not klĕm-ătĭs * =coadjutor= kōăd-jūtẽr * =cocaine= kōkȧ-ĭn, not ko-kān * =coffee= kŏffe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 kôfe 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 =cognizance= kŏgnĭ-zans 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 kŏnĭ-zans 2 2 0 2 2 0 2 2 1 2 kŏnĭ-zäns 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =cognomen= kŏg-nōmĕn, * not kŏgno-mĕn * =column= kŏlŭm, not kŏlyŭm * =comatose= kōmȧ-tōs 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 kŏmȧ-tōs 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 kŏm-ȧ-tōs 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 =combat= kŏmbăt 1 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 kŭmbăt 2 1 0 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 =combatant= kŏmbăt-ant 1 1 1 1 1 kŭmba-tant 0 0 0 2 2 =commandant= kŏmmȧn-dänt * =comparable= kŏmpȧ-rȧ-b'l * =compensate= kŏm-pĕnsāt 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 kŏmpĕn-sāt 1 0 1 2 2 1 2 0 0 0 =comrade= kŏmrad 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 kŏmrăd 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 kŭmrad 0 2 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 kŭmrăd 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 =concentrate= kŏn-sĕntrāt 1 1 0 1 2 0 1 kŏnsĕn-trăt 2 2 1 2 1 1 =condolence= kŏn-dōlence * =conduit= kŏndĭt 1 0 1 1 2 0 1 2 0 0 kŭndĭt 2 1 0 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 =confidant= kŏnfĭ-dănt 1 1 0 1 0 0 2 1 1 1 kŏnfĭ-dănt 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 kŏnfĭ-dänt 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 kŏn-fĭ-dȧnt 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 =confiscate= kŏn-fĭskāt 2 1 0 1 2 0 1 1 1 1 kŏnfĭs-kat 1 0 1 2 1 1 2 0 0 0 =connoisseur= kŏnnĭs-sûr 1 2 1 2 1 1 0 1 1 kŏn-nĭs-sūr 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 kŏnnĭs-sur 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 kŏnnĭs-sūr 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 =conservator= kŏnsēr-vātēr 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 1 1 1 kŏn-sẽr-vātẽr 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 kŭn-sẽrvȧ-tûr 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 kŭnsẽr-vā-tûr 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 =conspiracy= kŏn-spĭrȧ-sy, not -spī- * =construe= kŏnstru 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 kŏn-stru 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 =consummate= v. kŏn-sŭmmāt 2 1 1 1 2 0 0 1 1 1 kŏnsŭm-māt 1 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 =consummate= adj. kŏn-sŭmmat 1 1 1 1 1 kŏnsŭm-mat 0 0 0 0 2 =contemplate= kŏn-tĕmplāt 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 kŏntĕm-plāt 1 0 0 2 1 2 2 0 0 0 =contumely= kŏntu-me-ly, * not kŏn-tūme * =conversant= kŏnvẽr-sant * =coop= k[=oo]p, not k[)oo]p * =coral= kŏral, not kōral * =coronal= kŏro-nal 1 2 1 1 2 1 ko-rōnal 2 1 0 2 1 0 =cortge= kôr-tazh * =costume= kŏs-tŭm 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 kŏs-tūm 1 0 1 2 2 1 1 2 0 =coterie= kote-re * =courteous= kûrte-ŭs 1 1 1 1 2 0 0 0 kōrtyŭs 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 kōrte-ŭs 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 kẽrtyŭs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 =courtier= kōrtyēr * =cowardice= cowẽrd-ĭs, not -īs * =crematory= krĕmȧ-to-ry 1 0 0 0 1 krēma-to-ry 0 0 1 1 0 =cuirass= kwe-rȧs 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 kwērăs 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 =cuisine= kwezen * =curator= ku-rātẽr * =cylindric= sĭ-lĭndrĭk * =cynosure= sīno-shur 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 sĭno-shur 2 2 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 =dahlia= dälyȧ, not dălyȧ 1 1 1 1 1 dālyȧ 2 0 0 0 2 =dais= dāĭs 1 1 1 1 2 dās 0 0 2 0 1 =Danish= Dānĭsh, not Dănĭsh * =data= dātȧ, not dătȧ 1 1 1 1 1 dȧtȧ 0 0 2 0 0 =datum= dātŭm 1 1 1 1 1 dȧtŭm 0 0 2 0 0 =daunt= dänt 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 dant 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 =deaf= dĕf 1 1 1 1 1 1 dēf 2 0 0 2 0 0 =debauchee= dĕbo-shē 1 1 1 1 1 dabosha 2 0 2 0 0 =dbris= dabre 1 1 1 0 1 dĕb-rē 0 0 2 1 2 =dbut= dabụ * =dbutant= dabụtä+n+ * =decade= dĕkad, not dēkad * =decadence= de-kādence * =dcollet= dakŏlle-ta * =decorative= dĕko-rȧ-tĭv 1 1 1 0 0 dĕko-ra-tĭv 2 0 2 1 1 =decorous= de-kōrŭs 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 dĕko-rŭs 2 2 0 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 =defect= de-fĕct, not dēfĕct * =deficit= dĕfĭ-sĭt, not de-fīsĭt * =demoniacal= dĕmo-nīȧ-kal 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 dē-mo-nīȧ-kal 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 =demonstrate= de-mŏnstrāt 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 dĕmŏn-strāt 1 0 2 2 2 2 0 2 0 0 =dengue= dĕnga * =dnouement= da-n[=oo]mä+n+ 2 0 1 1 1 dan[=oo]mä+n+ 1 0 0 0 0 dĕn[=oo]mä+n+ 0 1 0 0 0 =depot= dēpo 1 0 1 2 3 0 0 0 0 de-pō 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 dĕ-pō 0 0 2 1 2 0 1 1 0 dĕpo 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 da-pō, Fr. 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 =deprivation= dĕprĭ-vāshŭn, * not dē-pri- * =derisive= de-rīsĭv, not de-rĭsĭv * =desideratum= de-sĭde-rātŭm, * not -răt''ŭm * =despicable= dĕspĭ-kȧ-b'l * =desquamation= dĕskwȧ-māshŭn 1 1 1 1 1 dēskwȧ-māshŭn 2 0 0 0 0 =destine= dĕstĭn, not dĕstīn * =desuetude= dĕswe-tūd * =detestation= dĕtĕs-tāshŭn 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 dētĕs-tāshŭn 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 =devastate= dĕvas-tāt 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 de-văstāt 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 =devastation= dĕvas-tāshŭn * =diamond= dīȧ-mŭnd 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 dīmŭnd 2 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 =digitalis= dĭjĭ-tālĭs 1 1 1 1 1 dĭji-tȧlĭs 0 0 2 0 0 =diphtheria= dĭf-thērĭ-ȧ 1 1 1 1 1 1 dĭp-thērĭ-ȧ 2 0 0 2 0 2 =diphthong= dĭfthŏng 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 dĭpthŏng 2 1 0 2 0 0 2 1 1 1 =discourse= dĭs-kōrs, not dĭskōrs * =disfranchise= dĭs-frănchĭz 1 1 1 1 1 0 dĭs-frănchīz 2 0 2 0 2 1 =disputable= dĭspu-tȧ-b'l 1 1 1 2 1 2 0 1 1 1 dĭs-pūtȧ-b'l 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 2 =disputant= dĭspu-tant, * not dĭs-pūtant =divan= dĭ-văn, not dīvăn * =docile= dŏsĭl 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 dŏsĭl 2 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 dŏsīl 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 0 0 =dolorous= dŏlẽr-ŭs, not do-lōrŭs * =domicile= dŏmĭ-sĭl, not -sīl * =dost= dŭst, not dōst * =doth= dŭth 1 1 1 1 1 dōth 0 0 0 2 0 =douche= d[=oo]sh * =drama= drämȧ 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 drāmȧ 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 drămȧ 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 =duodenum= dū-o-dēnŭm 1 1 1 1 1 d[=oo]o-dānum 0 0 2 0 0 =dynamite= dīnȧ-mīt 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 dĭnȧ-mīt 2 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 =dynasty= dīnas-ty 1 1 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 dĭnas-ty 2 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 =eclat= e-klä 1 1 1 1 0 aklȧ, Fr. 2 0 0 0 1 =economical=[3] ĕko-nŏmĭ-kal 2 1 1 2 0 1 0 1 1 1 ēko-nŏmĭ-kal 1 2 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 =ecumenical= ĕku-mĕnĭ-kal * =eczema= ĕkze-mȧ, not ĕk-zēmȧ * =either= ē[th]ẽr 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ī[th]ẽr[4] 2 0 0 2 2 2 2 2 0 0 =eleemosynary= ĕle-mŏsĭ-nary 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 ĕle-mŏzĭ-na-ry 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 ĕ-lē-mŭsĭn-ă-ry 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =lite= alēt * =elm= ĕlm, not ĕlŭm * =embalm= ĕm-bäm, not ĕm-băm * =employ= ä+n+plwȧya, Fr. 2 1 1 1 ĕmploiā 1 2 2 0 =employee= ĕmplọi-ē 1 1 1 1 ĕm-ploiē 2 0 0 0 =empyrean= ĕmpĭ-rēan 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ĕm-pĭre-an 0 2 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 2 =encore= ä+n+kor * =enervate= e-nērvāt 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 ĕnẽr-vāt 2 0 2 2 0 1 1 =enfranchise= ĕn-frănchĭz 1 1 1 1 1 ĕn-frănchīz 2 0 2 0 2 =engine= ĕnjĭn, not ĕnjīn * =ennui= ä+n+nwe, Fr. * =entre= ä+n+tra, Fr. * =envelope= ĕnvĕl-ōp 1 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 ä+n+ve-lōp 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 ä+n+ve-lōp 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 ĕn-vĕlōp 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 ĕn-vĕlŭp 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 =epizotic= ĕpĭ-zo-ŏtĭk, * not ĕpĭ-z[=oo]tĭk =epoch= ĕpŏk 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 1 1 ēpŏk 2 2 0 1 2 1 1 1 0 2 =equable= ēkwȧ-b'l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 ĕkwȧ-b'l 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 1 1 0 =equation= e-kwāshŭn 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 e-kwāzhŭn 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 =equipage= ĕkwĭ-paj * =equitable= ĕkwĭ-tȧ-b'l * =ere= âr 2 1 1 1 0 ār 1 0 0 0 1 =err= ẽr, like hẽr * =espionage= ĕspĭ-o-naj 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 ĕspĭ-o-nȧzh' 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ĕspĭ-o-näzh, Fr. 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 2 1 ĕspĭ-ŭ-nĭj 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 =European= ūro-pēan, * not ū-rōpe-an =evening= ēv'n-ĭng 1 1 0 0 1 ēvnĭng 2 0 1 1 0 =every= ĕvēr-y 1 1 2 0 1 1 1 ĕvry 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 =ewe= ū, not yō * =excursion= ĕks-kûrshŭn, not -zhŭn * =exemplary= ĕgzĕm-pla-ry 1 1 1 0 2 0 1 1 ĕksĕm-pla-ry 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 ĕgz-ĕmpla-ry 0 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 =exorable= ĕkso-rȧ-b'l, not ĕks-ō- * =expletive= ĕksple-tĭv 1 1 1 1 1 ĕks-plētĭv 0 0 0 0 2 =expurgate= ĕks-pûrgāt 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 ĕkspŭr-gāt 1 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 =exquisite= ĕkskwĭ-zĭt, not ĕks-kwĭ- * =extirpate= ĕks-tẽrpāt 2 1 0 1 2 0 1 1 1 1 ĕkstẽr-pāt 1 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 =extol= ĕks-tŏl 1 1 1 0 1 ĕks-tōl 0 0 0 1 0 =extraordinary= ĕks-trôrdĭ-na-ry 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 ĕkstrȧ-ôrdĭ-na-ry 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 0 0 =façade= fȧsäd 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 fȧ-sād 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 fȧ-sȧd 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 =facile= făsĭl * =fairy= fâiry, not fāry * =falchion= falchŭn 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 falshŭn 0 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 1 =falcon= fak'n 1 1 1 1 2 fălkŏn 0 0 2 2 1 =faux pas= fō pȧ, Fr. * =febrile= fēbrĭl 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 fĕbrĭl 2 2 1 2 0 0 1 1 1 fēbrĭl 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 =fiance= feä+n+sa, Fr. * =figure= fĭgur, not fĭg'ẽr * =finale= fe-näla, It. * =finance= fĭ-nănce 1 1 1 1 1 fīnănce 0 0 0 2 2 =financier= fĭnăn-sēr 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 fĭ-nănsēr 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 fĭ-năn-sēr 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =flaccid= flăksĭd, not flăsĭd * =florid= flŏrĭd, not flōrĭd =flotsam= flŏtsam, not flōtsam * =folio= fōlĭ-o 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 fōlyo 1 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 =forbade= fŏr-băd * =forehead= fŏrĕd 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 0 fōrhĕd 0 2 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 =fortnight= fôrtnīt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 fôrtnĭt, U.S. 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 =franchise= n. frănchĭz 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 2 1 1 frănchīz 2 0 2 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 =fraternize= frătẽr-nīz 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 frātẽr-nīz 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 fra-tẽrnīz 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 =fratricide= frătrĭ-sīd 1 1 1 2 2 frătrĭ-sīd 0 0 0 0 1 =fulsome= fŭlsŭm * =gala= gālȧ * =gallant= (polite) găl-lănt * =gallant= (brave) găllant * =gantlet= găntlĕt 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 gȧntlĕt 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 gantlĕt 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =gape= gäp 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 gāp 2 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 =gastritis= găs-trītĭs 1 1 1 1 1 găs-trētĭs 0 0 2 0 0 =gauntlet= (a glove) gäntlĕt 1 1 1 1 2 0 0 0 1 1 gantlĕt 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 =genealogy= jĕne-ălo-jy 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 jēne-ălo-jy 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 1 1 =generic= je-nĕrĭk * =genre= zhä+n+r', Fr. * =genuine= jĕnu-ĭn, not jĕnu-īn * =geyser= gīsẽr 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 gīzẽr 2 0 0 0 3 1 1 1 0 gēsẽr 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 =ghoul= g[=oo]l * =giaour= jour * =giraffe= jĭ-răf 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 zhe-răf 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 jĭ-räf 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 =glacier= glăsĭ-ẽr 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 glāshẽr 1 0 2 1 2 0 0 2 0 =gladiolus= glȧ-dīo-lŭs 1 1 2 1 1 glădĩ-ōlŭs 0 0 1 0 2 glȧ-dēo-lụs, L. 0 0 3 0 0 =gondola= gŏndo-lȧ, not gŏn-dōlȧ * =government= gŭvẽrn-ment, * not gŭvẽr-ment =granary= grănȧ-ry * =gratis= grātĭs 1 1 1 1 1 grȧtĭs 0 0 2 0 0 =greasy= grēzy 1 1 0 2 1 grēsy 2 0 1 1 2 =grimace= grĭ-mās * =guano= gwäno 1 1 1 1 1 gū-ăno 0 0 0 0 2 =guardian= gärdĭ-an 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 gärdyan 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 =gubernatorial= gūbẽr-nȧ-tōrĭ-al, * not gŭb- =gum arabic= gŭm ărȧ-bĭk, * not ȧ-rābĭk =harass= hăras, not hȧ-răs * =harem= hārĕm 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 härĕm 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =hasten= hās'n, * not hāstĕn =haunt= hänt 1 1 1 1 2 0 0 0 hant 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 1 =hearth= härth 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 hẽrth (poetry) 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 =heaven= hĕv'n, not hĕvĕn * =hegira= hĕjĭ-rȧ 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 he-jīrȧ 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 hĕjră 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 =heinous= hānŭs * =herb= ẽrb 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 hẽrb 2 0 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 =hereditament= hĕre-dĭtȧ-ment * =heroine= hĕro-ĭn 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 hēro-ĭn 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =heroism= hĕro-ĭz'm 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 hēro-ĭz'm 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =hiccough= hĭkkŭp 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 hĭkkŏf 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 =history= hĭsto-ry, not hĭstry * =holocaust= hŏlo-kast * =homeopathy= hōme-ŏpȧ-thy * =homogeneous= hōmo-jēne-ŭs 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 hŏmo-jēne-ŭs 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 =horizon= ho-rīzŭn, not hŏr'ī-zŭn * =hostile= hŏstĭl 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 hŏstīl 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 =houri= hourĭ 1 1 1 2 2 0 1 h[=oo]rĭ 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 =hovel= hŏvĕl 1 1 1 1 1 hŭvĕl 0 0 0 2 2 =humble= hŭmb'l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 ŭmb'l 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 =humor= hūmẽr 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 ūmẽr 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 0 1 1 =hygiene= hījĭ-ēn 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 hījēn 2 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 =hymeneal= hīme-nēal * =hypocrisy= hĭ-pŏkrĭ-sy, not hī- * =idea= i-dēȧ, not īde-ȧ * =ignoramus= ĭgno-rāmŭs 1 1 1 1 1 ĭgno-rämŭs 0 0 2 0 0 =illustrate= ĭl-lŭstrāt 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 ĭllŭs-trāt 0 0 0 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 =imbecile= ĭmbe-sĭl 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 ĭmbe-sēl 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 ĭm-bĕsĭl 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 ĭm-be-sēl 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 2 =imbroglio= ĭm-brōlyo, * not ĭm-brōglĭ-o =incisive= ĭn-sīsĭv, not ĭn-sĭzĭv * =incomparable= ĭn-kŏmpȧ-rȧ-b'l * =indecorous= ĭnde-kōrŭs 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ĭn-dĕko-rŭs 2 2 0 2 2 2 2 0 0 2 =indicatory= ĭndĭ-kȧ-to-ry * =indisputable= ĭn-dĭspu-tȧ-b'l 1 1 1 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 ĭn-dĭs-pūtȧ-b'l 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 2 =indissoluble= ĭn-dĭsso-lu-b'l * =industry= ĭndŭs-try, * not ĭn-dŭstry =inexorable= ĭn-ĕkso-rȧ-b'l * =inexplicable= ĭn-ĕksplĭ-kȧ-b'l * =infinitely= ĭnfĭ-nĭt-ly, * not ĭn-fĭnĭt-ly =inquiry= ĭn-kwīry, not ĭnkwĭ-ry * =integer= ĭnte-jẽr * =integral= ĭnte-gral, * not ĭn-tēgral =interesting= ĭntẽr-ĕst-ĭng * =interpolate= ĭn-tẽrpo-lāt * =interstice= ĭn-tẽrstĭs 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 ĭntẽr-stĭs 0 1 1 1 2 0 0 2 0 1 =inveigle= ĭn-vēg'l 1 1 1 1 ĭn-vāg'l 0 0 2 0 =inventory= ĭnvĕn-to-ry * =iodide= īo-dĭd 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 īo-dīd 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 =iodine= ī'o-dĭn 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 īo-dīn 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 īo-dēn 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 =iron= īŭrn, not īrŏn * =irrefutable= ĭrre-fūtȧ-b'l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ĭr-rĕfu-tȧ-b'l 2 2 0 0 2 2 2 0 0 0 =irremediable= ĭrre-mēdĭ-ȧ-b'l * =irreparable= ĭr-rĕpȧ-rȧ-b'l * =irrespirable= ĭrre-spīrȧ-b'l 2 0 1 1 1 ĭr-rĕspĭ-rȧ-b'l 1 1 2 0 2 =irrevocable= ĭr-rĕvo-kȧ-b'l * =isochronous= i-sŏkro-nŭs * =isolate= īso-lāt 1 0 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 ĭso-lāt 2 0 1 1 2 0 2 0 0 ĭzo-lāt 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 =isotherm= īso-thẽrm 1 1 1 1 1 1 ēso-thẽrm 0 0 2 0 0 0 =italic= ĭ-tălĭk, not ī-tălĭk * =jaundice= jändĭs 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 jandĭs 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 =jaunt= jänt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 jant 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 1 0 0 =jocund= jŏkŭnd * =jowl= jōl 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 joul 0 0 2 2 2 1 0 =juvenile= jūve-nĭl 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 jūve-nīl 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 =kinetoscope= ki-nēto-skōp, * not ki-nĕto-skōp =knoll= nōl * =kraal= kräl 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 0 kral 2 0 0 1 0 2 2 1 0 krāal 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 =lamentable= lămĕn-tȧ-b'l * =latent= lātent * =laudanum= ladȧ-nŭm 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 lŏdȧ-nŭm 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 =launch= länch 1 1 1 1 1 lanch 0 0 0 2 0 =laundry= ländry 1 1 1 1 1 1 landry 0 0 0 2 0 0 =lava= lävȧ 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 lāvȧ 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 =learned= part. lẽrnd * =learned= adj. lẽrnĕd * =legend= lĕjĕnd 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 lējĕnd 2 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 =legged= lĕgd 1 1 1 2 1 lĕggĕd 2 0 0 1 0 =leisure= lēzhur, not lĕzhur * =lenient= lēnĭ-ent, not lĕnĭ-ent 1 1 0 1 lēnyent 2 0 1 0 =lever= lēvẽr 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 lĕvẽr 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 =lichen= lī'kĕn 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 lĭchĕn 0 2 0 2 2 2 2 1 =livelong= lĭvlŏng * =long-lived= lŏng-līvd * =lullaby= lŭlȧ-bī * =lyceum= li-sēŭm * =maintenance= mānte-nance * =malaria= mȧ-lārĭ-ȧ 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 mȧ-lârĭ-ȧ 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 mȧ-lärĭ-ȧ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 mȧ-lȧrĭ-ȧ 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =mall= (a walk) măl 1 1 1 2 0 1 2 1 0 mal 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 mĕl 0 0 2 1 0 0 3 0 1 =mandamus= măn-dāmŭs, not -dăm- 1 1 1 1 măn-dämŭs 0 0 2 0 =maniacal= mȧ-nīȧ-kal * =maritime= mărĭ-tĭm 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 mărĭ-tīm 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 =massacre= măssȧ-kẽr * =massage= mȧsȧzh 2 1 2 1 0 1 măssaj 1 0 1 0 0 0 măsĭj 0 0 0 0 1 0 =matrix= mātrĭks, 1 1 1 1 plural mătrĭ-sēz mătrĭks 0 0 2 2 =matron= mātrŭn 1 1 1 1 mătrŭn 0 0 0 2 mȧtrŭn 0 0 2 0 =mausoleum= maso-lēŭm * =memoir= mĕmwŏr 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 mēmwŏr 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 mē-moir 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 mēmōr 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 mĕmoir 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 =meningitis= mĕnĭn-jītĭs 1 1 1 1 mĕnĭn-ḡētĭs 0 0 2 0 =mercantile= mẽrkăn-tĭl 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 mẽrkăn-tīl 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 =microscopy= mi-krŏsko-py 1 1 0 0 mīkro-skōpy 0 0 1 1 =miniature= mĭnĭ-tur 2 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 mĭnĭ-ȧ-tur 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 mĭnĭ-ȧ-chūr 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 mĭnĭ-chūr 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =mirage= merȧzh * =mischievous= mĭsche-vŭs, not mĭs-chē- * =mistletoe= mĭz'l-tō 1 1 1 1 0 1 mĭs'l-tō 0 0 2 2 1 0 =molecule= mŏle-kūl * =monomania= mŏno-mānĭ-ȧ * =morphine= môrfĭn 1 1 1 1 môrfēn 2 0 2 0 =museum= mu-zēŭm * =mustache= mŭs-tȧsh 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 mŭs-täsh 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 mŭs-tāsh 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 m[=oo]s-täsh 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 =naïve= näēv * =naïvet= nȧevta * =nape= nāp, not năp * =national= năshŭn-al, * not nāshŭn-al =negligee= nĕglĭ-zhā 1 1 1 1 naglezhā, Fr. 2 2 0 0 =neither= nē[th]ẽr 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 nī[th]ẽr (see either) 2 0 0 2 2 2 2 0 0 =nephew= nĕvu 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 nĕfu 1 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 =nepotism= nĕpo-tĭz'm 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 nēpo-tĭz'm 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 =news= nūz, not n[=oo]z * =niche= nĭch, not nĭsh * =nicotine= nĭko-tĭn 1 1 1 1 nĭko-tēn 2 0 2 0 =nominative= nŏmĭ-nȧ-tĭv, * not nŏmĭ-tĭv =nuisance= nūsance, not nūĭsance * =obeisance= o-bāsance 2 1 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 o-bēsance 1 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 o-bâsȧnce 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =obese= o-bēs * =obesity= o-bĕsĭ-ty * =obligatory= ŏblĭ-ga-to-ry 1 1 1 1 ŏb-lĭga-to-ry 0 0 2 0 =oblique= ŏb-lēk 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 ŏb-līk (military) 2 2 2 2 0 2 0 0 1 =obscenity= ŏb-sĕnĭ-ty * =occult= ŏk-kŭlt, not ŏkkŭlt * =octavo= ŏk-tāvo 1 1 1 1 ŏk-tȧvo 0 0 2 0 =office= ŏffĭs, not afĭs * =often= ŏf'n, not ŏftĕn 1 1 2 1 af'n 0 2 1 0 =ogle= ōg'l * =olden= ōld'n, not ōldĕn * =oleomargarine= ō'le-o-märḡȧ-rĭn 1 1 1 1 1 1 ōle-o-märḡȧ-rēn 2 0 0 0 0 0 =onerous= ŏnẽr-ŭs, not ōnẽr-ŭs * =only= ōnly, not ŏn- nor ŭn- * =onyx= ōnĭks 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 ŏnĭks 2 0 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 =opponent= ŏp-pōnent, * not ŏppo-nent =orchestra= ôrkĕs-trȧ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 ôr-kĕstrȧ 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 =orchid= ôrkĭd * =ordeal= ôrde-al, not ôr-dēal * =orthoepy= ôrtho-e-py 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 ôr-thōĕ-py 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 0 0 =oxide= ŏksĭd 1 1 1 1 0 0 ŏksīd 2 0 2 2 1 1 =pageant= păjent 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 pājent 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 pădjŭnt 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 pădjant 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 =panorama= păno-rämȧ 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 păno-rāmȧ 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 =pantomime= pănto-mīm, not -mēm * =papier-mach= pȧpyamäsha * =parent= pârent 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 pārent 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 =paresis= păre-sĭs, not pa-rēsĭs * =parietal= pȧ-rīe-tal * =parse= pärs, not pärz * =patent= pătent 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 pātent 2 2 0 2 1 2 1 0 2 =pathos= pāthŏs 1 1 1 1 pȧthŏs 0 0 2 0 =patriot= pātrĭ-ŏt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 păttĭ-ŏt 0 0 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 =patriotic= pātrĭ-ŏtĭk 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 pătrĭ-ŏtĭk 0 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 =patron= pātrŭn 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 pătrŭn 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 =patronage= pătrŭn-aj 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 pātrŭn-aj 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 =pecan= pe-kăn 1 1 1 1 1 pe-kŏn 0 0 0 2 0 pe-kan 0 2 0 0 0 =pedagogical= pĕdȧ-gŏjĭ-kal * =pedagogy= pĕdȧ-gōjy 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 pĕdȧ-gŏjy 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 =peremptory= pĕrĕmp-to-ry * =perfect= v. pẽrfĕkt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 pẽr-fĕkt 2 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 =perfect= adj. pẽrfĕkt * =perfume= n. pẽrfūm 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 pẽr-fūm 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 0 =perfume= v. pẽr-fūm 1 1 1 1 pẽrfūm 0 2 0 2 =peritonitis= pĕrĭ-to-nītĭs 1 1 1 1 pĕrĭ-to-nētĭs 0 0 2 0 =permit= n. pẽrmĭt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 pẽr-mĭt 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =permit= v. pẽr-mĭt * =petal= pĕtal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 pĕtal 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 =phaeton= fāe-tŏn, not fātŏn * =phalanx= fālănks 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 0 1 fălănks 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 =pharmaceutic= färma-sūtĭk * =philanthropic= fĭlăn-thrŏpĭk * not fīlăn- =phosphorus= fŏsfŏr-ŭs * =phthisis= thīsĭs 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 tīsĭs 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 thēsĭs 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 =pianoforte= pĭ-ȧno-fōrta 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 pĭ-ȧno-fōrta 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 pe-änō-fōrte 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 pe-ănō-fôrte 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 pĭ-ăno-fôr-tĕ 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 pe-ăno-fôrte 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 pĭ-ănō-fŏrtĕ 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 pĭ-ănō-fŏr-tā 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 pĭ-ănŭ-fōr-tâ 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 pĭ-ăno-fōrt 0 3 0 2 0 0 0 0 =piquant= pēkant 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 pĭkant 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 =placard= plăkärd 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 plȧ-kärd 1 1 2 2 2 2 0 1 1 =plait= plāt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 plăt 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 =platinum= plătĭ-nŭm 1 1 1 1 1 plȧ-tēnŭm 2 0 0 0 0 =plebeian= ple-bēan 0 0 1 1 1 ple-bēyan 1 1 0 0 0 =porcelain= pôrslan 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 pôrse-lĭn 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 pōrse-lān 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 pōrse-lȧn 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 pōrslan 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =portrait= pōrtrat, not pôrtrat * =prairie= prārĭ, not pȧ-rārĭ * =precedence= pre-sēdence * =precedent= n. prese-dent * =precedent= adj. pre-sēdent * =precise= pre-sīs, not -sīz * =predecessor= prĕde-sĕssẽr 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 prēde-sĕssẽr 0 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 =preface= n. and v. prĕface, not prēface * =prelate= prĕlat, not prēlat * =prelude= n. prēlūd 1 0 1 1 1 1 2 0 0 prĕlūd 2 1 2 0 2 2 1 1 1 =presentation= prĕzĕn-tāshŭn, not prē- * =prestige= prĕstĭj 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 prĕs-tēj 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 prĕstezh, Fr. 2 0 2 1 0 0 2 1 prĕstezh 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 =pretense= pre-tĕns, not prētĕns * =pretext= prētĕkst 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 pre-tĕkst 2 1 2 2 2 2 0 1 1 =pretty= prĭtty, not prĕtty * =pristine= prĭstĭn, not -tīn, nor -tēn * =probity= prŏbĭ-ty * =process= prŏsĕs 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 prōsĕs 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 =produce= n. prŏdūce 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 prōdūce 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 =profile= prōfēl 2 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 prōfīl 1 3 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 pro-fēl 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 prōfĭl 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 =programme/program=prōgrăm not prōgrŭm[5] * =progress= n. prŏgrĕs 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 prōgrĕs 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 =promenade= prŏme-näd 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 prŏme-nād 2 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 =pro rata= prō rātȧ 1 1 1 1 prō rȧtȧ 0 0 2 0 =protg= protazha, Fr. * =protestation= prŏtĕs-tāshŭn, not prō- * =provocative= pro-vōkȧ-tĭv 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 pro-vŏkȧ-tĭv 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 =provost= prŏvŭst (civil or mil.) 1 1 1 1 1 1 pro-vō (military only) 2 2 2 2 =prussic= prŭssĭk 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 prussĭk 2 2 2 0 2 2 0 0 =psalms= säms, not săms * =puerile= pūẽr-ĭl 1 1 1 1 0 0 2 1 pūẽr-īl 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 =put= v pụt, not pŭt * =pyramidal= pĭ-rămĭ-dal * =pyrites= pĭ-rītēz * =pyrotechnics= pĭro-tĕknĭks 1 1 2 0 pīro-tĕknĭks 0 0 1 1 =quadrille= kȧ-drĭl 2 1 0 2 1 1 1 1 kwȧ-drĭl 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 kwŏd-rĭl 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =quagmire= kwăgmīr, * not kwŏgmīr =quarrel= kwŏrrĕl, not kwŏr'l * =quay= kē * =query= kwēry, not kwĕry * =quinine= kwĭ-nīn 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 kwīnīn 1 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 kwĭnīn 0 2 2 0 0 1 1 0 kwĭ-nēn 3 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 kĭ-nĕn 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 kwĭnĭn 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 =qui vive= ke vev, Fr. * =radish= rădĭsh, not rĕdĭsh * =raillery= răllēr-y 1 1 2 2 0 0 2 1 1 rāllẽr-y 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 =rapine= răpĭn, not rȧ-pēn * =raspberry= răzbĕr-ry 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 răsbĕr-ry 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 räsbĕr-ry 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 rȧzbĕr-ry 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 =rather= ră[th]ẽr 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 rä[th]ẽr 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 rā[th]ẽr 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 rȧ[th]ẽr 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 =ration= rāshŭn 1 1 1 1 1 1 răshŭn 2 0 2 2 0 0 =rational= răshŭn-al * =rationale= răshŭn-āle 1 1 1 1 răshŭn-ȧle 0 0 2 0 =recess= re-sĕs 1 1 1 1 rēsĕs 0 0 2 0 =recluse= re-klūs, * not rē-, nor rĕk- =recondite= rĕkŏn-dīt 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 0 1 re-kŏndĭt 2 2 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 rĕ-kŏndīt 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 =reconnoissance= re-kŏnnĭs-säns * =reconnoiter= rĕkŏn-noitẽr * =recourse= re-kōrs, not rēkōrs * =recreant= rĕkre-ant, not rē- * =recreate= (to refresh) rĕkre-āt * =re-create= (to create anew) rēkre-āt * =refuse= n. rĕfus * =refutable= re-fūtȧ-b'l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 rĕfu-tȧ=b'l 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 =rgime= razhem, Fr. * =relaxation= rēlăks-āshŭn 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 rĕlăks-āshŭn 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 =remediable= re-mēdĭ-ȧ-b'l * =renaissance= re-nasä+n+s, Fr. 1 2 1 1 re-nāssans 2 1 0 2 =rendezvous= rĕndĕ-v[=oo] 1 1 1 1 rä+n+dĕ-v[=oo] 2 0 2 0 rĕndĕ-v[=oo]s 0 2 0 0 rŏnda-v[=oo] 0 0 0 2 =reparable= rĕpȧ-rȧ-b'l * =repartee= rêpȧr-tē * =repertoire= rapârtwär, Fr. 1 1 1 rĕpẽr-twär 2 0 0 =reptile= rĕptĭl 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 rĕptīl 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 =reputable= rĕpu=tȧ=b'l, * not re-pūtȧ- =requiem= rēkwĭ-ĕm 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 rĕkwĭ-ĕm 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 =research= re-sērch, not rēsẽrch * =resource= re-sōrs, not rēsōrs * =respirable= re-spīrȧ-b'l 1 1 1 1 0 1 rĕspĭ-rȧ-b'l 2 0 0 0 1 0 =respite= n. and v. rĕspĭt * =rsum= razụma, Fr. 1 1 1 1 rĕzụ-mā 0 2 0 0 =retch= rĕch 1 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 2 rēch 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 =retrocede= rētro-sēd 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 rētro-sēd 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 rĕtro-sēd 2 2 2 0 0 2 0 0 =retrograde= rĕtro-grād 2 1 1 1 0 2 2 0 1 rētro-grād 1 0 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 =revocable= rĕvo-kȧ-b'l * =revolt= re-vōlt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 re-vŏlt 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 =rise= n. rīs 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 rīz 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 =rise= v. rīz * =robust= ro-bŭst, not rōbŭst * =romance= ro-mănce, not rōmănce * =root= r[=oo]t, not r[)oo]t * =route= r[=oo]t 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 rout 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 =routine= r[=oo]-tēn * =sacrament= săkrȧ-ment, not sā- * =sacrifice= n. săkrĭ-fīs 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 săkrĭ-fīz 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 =sacrifice= v. săkrĭ-fīz 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 săkrĭ-fīs 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 =sacrificable= sȧ-krĭfĭ-kȧ-b'l * =sacrilege= săkrĭ-lĕj, not sā- * =sacristy= săkrĭs-ty * =sagacious= sȧ-gāshŭs, not -găsh- * =said= sĕd, not sād * =saline= sālīn 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 2 sȧ-līn 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 =salivary= sălĭ-va-ry, * not sȧ-līva-ry =sanguine= săngwĭn, not -gwīn * =sarsaparilla= särsȧ-pȧ-rĭllȧ * =satin= sătĭn, not săt'n * =satire= sătīr 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 sătẽr 2 2 0 2 0 2 0 1 2 sātẽr 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 sātīr 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 =satrap= sātrăp 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 sătrăp 2 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 =satyr= sătẽr 0 2 1 1 0 1 1 1 2 sātẽr 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 sătīr 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 =saucy= sasy, not săsy * =saunter= säntẽr 1 1 1 1 0 santẽr 0 2 0 2 1 =scallop= skŏllŭp 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 skăllŭp 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 =scenic= sĕnĭk 1 1 1 1 0 2 2 0 1 sēnĭk 2 0 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 =schedule= skĕdul 1 1 2 1 3 3 0 0 2 shĕdul, in England 2 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 sĕdul 0 3 0 0 2 2 0 0 1 skĕjul 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 =seismic= sīsmĭk * =senile= sēnīl 1 1 2 0 1 1 sēnĭl 0 0 1 1 0 0 =sepulcher= sĕpŭl-kẽr * =sergeant= särjent 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 sẽrjent 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =servile= sẽrvĭl 1 1 1 1 0 2 sẽrvīl 0 0 0 0 1 1 =sesame= sĕsȧ-me * =sew= sō, not sū * =sheik= shēk 1 1 1 1 1 1 shāk, Ar. 2 0 2 2 0 2 =shekel= shĕk'l, not shēk'l * =shew= shō * shū, obsolete =shewn= shōn * =shone= shōn 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 shŏn 2 1 0 2 1 1 1 1 1 =silhouette= sĭl[)oo]-ĕt 1 1 1 1 1 sĭl[)oo]-ĕt 2 0 0 0 0 =simile= sĭmĭ-le * =simultaneous= sīmŭl-tāne-ŭs 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 sĭmŭl-tāne-ŭs 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 =sinecure= sīne-kūr 1 1 1 1 sĭne-kūr 0 0 2 0 =sirup}= sĭrŭp 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 =syrup}= sŭrrŭp 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 =skein= skān * =slake= slāk, not slăk * =sleek= slēk, not slĭk * =sloth= slōth 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 slŏth 1 0 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 =slough= (a mire) slou * =slough= (to cast off) slŭf * =sobriquet= sobreka, Fr. 1 0 1 1 sobrē-kā 0 1 0 0 =soften= sŏf'n, not sŏf'tĕn 1 1 0 0 sôf'n 0 0 1 1 =soiree= swärā, Fr. * =solder= sŏdẽr 1 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 sŏldẽr 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 1 sadẽr 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 =solecism= sŏle-sĭz'm, not sō- * =sonorous= so-nōrŭs, not sŏno- * =soot= s[)oo]t 1 2 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 s[=oo]t 2 1 2 2 0 1 0 0 1 =soporific= sŏpo-rĭfĭk 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 sōpo-rĭfĭk 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 =sough= sŭf 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 sŏf 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 sou 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 =souvenir= s[=oo]ve-nēr 1 0 1 1 0 s[=oo]vnēr 2 1 0 0 0 s[=oo]ve-nēr 0 0 0 0 1 =sovereign= sŭvẽr-ĭn 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 sŏvẽr-ĭn 2 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 =spheroid= sfēroid 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 sfe-roid 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 sfĕr-oid 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 =spinach}= spĭnaj 1 2 1 1 =spinage}= spĭnach 0 1 0 0 =spirit= spĭrĭt, not spĕrĭt * =splenetic= splĕne-tĭk 1 1 2 2 2 2 0 1 1 sple-nĕtĭk 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 =squalid= skwŏlĭd * =squalor= skwālôr 1 1 2 2 0 2 skwŏlor 0 0 1 1 1 1 =stalwart= stalwẽrt 2 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 stŏlwẽrt 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 stălwẽrt 0 0 2 0 1 1 0 0 =stanch= stȧnch 1 0 1 1 stänch 0 1 0 2 =status= stātŭs 1 1 1 1 stȧtŭs 0 0 2 0 =stereopticon= stĕre-ŏptĭ-kŏn 2 1 1 1 1 stēre-ŏptĭ-kŏn 1 0 0 0 0 =stereoscope= stĕre-o-skōp 2 1 1 1 stēre-o-skōp 1 0 0 0 =stereotype= stĕre-o-tīp 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 0 0 stēre-o-tīp 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 =stolid= stŏlĭd, not stōlĭd * =strategic= strȧ-tĕjĭk 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 strȧ-tējĭk 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 =stratum= strātŭm, plural strātȧ 1 1 1 1 strȧtŭm 0 0 2 0 =strew= stru 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 strō 2 2 0 2 0 2 2 0 1 =strychnine= strĭknĭn 1 0 1 1 strĭknēn 2 0 0 0 1 strĭknīn 0 1 0 0 =student= stūdent, * not st[=oo]dent =suave= swāv 1 1 1 1 1 0 swäv 2 2 2 2 0 1 =suavity= swăvĭ-ty * =subsidence= sŭb-sīdence 1 1 1 1 sŭbsĭ-dence 0 0 0 2 =subtile= (thin) sŭbtĭl 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 sŭt'l 2 0 0 1 2 2 2 0 0 =subtle= (sly) sŭ'l * =suffice= sŭf-fīz 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 sŭf-fīs 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 =suite= swēt * =superfluous= su-pẽrflu-ŭs * =supple= sŭpp'l, not sūpp'l * =survey= n. sûrva 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 sûr-vā 2 2 1 1 0 2 0 0 1 =survey= v. sûr-vā * =suture= sūtur * =swath= swath 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 swŏth 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 =sword= sōrd, not swōrd * =syllabic= sĭl-lăbĭk * =synod= sĭnŭd, not sīnŭd * =syringe= sĭrĭnj, not sĭ-rĭnj * =systole= sĭsto-le, not sĭstōl * =tapis= tāpĭs 1 2 1 0 2 0 0 0 tä-pē, Fr. 2 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 tăpe 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 tăpĭs 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 tȧ-pĭ 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =tassel= tăss'l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 tŏss'l 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 =taunt= tänt 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 tant 0 2 2 2 1 1 1 0 2 =tedious= tēdĭ-ŭs 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 tēdyŭs 2 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 tējyŭs 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 =telegraphy= te-lĕgrȧ-fy 1 1 2 2 tĕle-grăfy 0 0 1 1 =temperament= tĕmpẽr-ȧ-ment, * not tĕm-pĕr- =tenacious= te-nāshŭs, * not te-năshŭs =tenet= tĕnĕt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 tēnĕt 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 =tepid= tĕpĭd, not tēpĭd * =tête tête= tāt-ȧ-tāt, Fr. * =thyme= tīm * =tiara= ti-ārȧ 1 1 1 1 tī-â'rȧ 0 2 0 0 tē-ȧrȧ 0 0 2 0 =tiny= tīny 1 1 1 1 tĭny 0 0 0 2 =tirade= tĭ-rād, not tīrād 1 0 1 1 1 1 tē-räd 0 1 0 0 0 0 =to= t[=oo], not tŏ, (emphatic) * t[)oo], (obscure) * =tomato= to-māto 1 1 0 2 2 1 0 1 to-mäto 2 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 =tortoise= tôrtĭs 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 tôrtŭs 2 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 tôrtĭz 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 tŏrtĭs 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 tŏrtois 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 =towards= tōẽrdz, not to-wardz * =trachea= trāke-ȧ * trȧ-kēa, L. =transparent= trăns-pârent, not -pā- * =travel= trăvĕl, not trăv'l * =traveler= trăvĕl-ẽr, not trăvlẽr * =traverse= n., a., and v. trăvẽrs, * not trȧ-vẽrs =treble= trĕb'l, not trĭb'l * =tremor= trēmŏr 1 1 0 2 0 1 2 0 1 trĕmŏr 2 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 =tribune= trĭbūn 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 trībūn 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 =trio= trīo 1 1 0 2 2 1 trēo 2 2 1 1 1 2 =tripartite= trĭpȧr-tīt 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 tri-pärtīt 2 0 2 2 1 2 1 0 0 =troche= trōkē * =trochee= trōkē * =troth= trŏth 1 1 0 0 0 1 trôth 0 0 0 1 0 0 trōth 0 0 1 2 1 0 =truculent= truku-lent 1 1 1 1 trŭku-lent 0 0 0 2 =truths= truths, not tru[th]s * =tuberose= tūbrōz 1 1 2 2 0 1 0 0 1 tūbẽr-ōs 2 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 tūbẽr-ōz 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 =turquoise= tûr-koiz 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 tûr-kēz 2 1 2 2 0 0 0 1 1 tûr-kwoiz 0 2 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 tŭr'koiz 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 =tuxedo= tŭks-ēdo 1 0 0 0 =tyranny= tĭran-ny, not tīran-ny * =ultimatum= ŭltĭ-mātŭm 1 1 1 1 ŭl-tĭ-mȧtŭm 0 0 2 0 =umbilicus= ŭmbĭ-līkŭs * =umbrella= ŭm-brĕllȧ, not ŭmbrĕl-lȧ * =unprecedented= ŭn-prĕse-dent-ĕd, * not -prē- =unwary= ŭn-wāry, not ŭn-wăry * =usurp= u-zûrp * =vaccinate= văksĭ-nāt * =vaccine= văksīn 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 văksĭn 2 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 =vagary= vȧ-gāry, not vāgȧ-ry * =valet= vălĕt 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 văla 2 0 0 2 0 2 0 =varioloid= vārĭ-o-loid 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 vărĭ-o-loid 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 vȧ-rīo-loid 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 vârĭ-ŭ-loid 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 =vase= vās 1 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 väz 2 0 2 2 1 3 1 0 0 vāz 0 1 0 0 2 2 2 1 1 =vehemence= vēhe-mence, * not ve-hēmence =vehement= vēhe-ment, * not ve-hē'ment =venison= vĕnz'n 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 vĕnĭ-z'n 1 2 0 2 1 2 0 1 2 =veratrine= ve-rā'trĭn 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 vĕrȧ-trĭn 0 2 2 0 1 0 0 =verdigris= vẽrdĭ-grēs 1 1 1 1 0 0 vẽrdĭ-grĭs 0 0 0 0 1 1 =vermicelli= vẽrme-chĕllĭ 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 vẽrme-sĕllĭ 2 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 =vignette= vĭn-yĕt 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 vĭnyĕt 2 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 vēn-yĕt 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 vĭ-nĕt 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 0 0 =vindicatory= vĭndĭ-ka-to-ry * =violin= vīo-lĭn, not vīo-lĭn * =virile= vīrĭl 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 vĭrĭl 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 0 vĭrīl 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 =virulence= vĭru-lence, not vĩr- * =virulent= vĭru-lent, not vĩr- * =vis-a-vis= vezȧ-vē, Fr. * =viscount= vīkount * =visor= vĭzẽr * =vivacious= vi-vāshŭs, 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 not vi-văshŭs ve-vāshŭs 0 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 1 =vizier= vĭz'yēr 1 1 0 0 0 1 vĭ-zēr 2 2 1 1 1 2 =volatile= vŏlȧ-tĭl 1 1 1 1 0 1 vŏlȧ-tīl 0 0 0 0 1 2 =wainscot= wānskŏt 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 wānskŭt 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 wĕnskŭt 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 =warrior= waryẽr 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 0 1 wŏrrĭ-ẽr 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 =wary= wāry 1 2 1 1 wâry 0 1 0 0 =weapon= wĕpŭn, not wēpŭn * =wont= wŭnt, not want * =wound= w[=oo]nd 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 wound 2 2 2 2 0 2 0 0 2 =yew= ū * =yolk= yōk 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 yōlk 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 =youths= ūths, not ū[th]s * =zenith= zēnĭth 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 zĕnĭth 0 0 2 0 1 0 1 1 0 =zodiacal= zo-dīȧ-kal * =zology= zo-ŏlo-jy, not z[=oo]-ŏl- * =zymotic= zi-mŏtĭk, not -mōtĭk * ==============================================================================================================

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