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Historic Court Memoirs of France - An Index
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HISTORIC COURT MEMOIRS OF FRANCE

AN INDEX

Various Authors

Edited by David Widger



BOOKS

# MEMOIRS OF MARGUERITE DE VALOIS QUEEN OF NAVARRE

# MEMOIRS OF JEAN FRANCOIS PAUL de GONDI, CARDINAL DE RETZ

# MEMOIRS OF MADAME LA MARQUISE DE MONTESPAN

# MEMOIRS OF THE COURT OF LOUIS XIV.AND OF THE REGENCY, By the Duchess D'Orleans

# MEMOIRS OF LOUIS XIV AND HIS COURT AND OF THE REGENCY, By the Duke of Saint-Simon

# MEMOIRS OF LOUIS XV. AND XVI., By Madame du Hausett, Princess Lamballe, and an Unknown English Girl

# MEMOIRS OF THE COURT OF MARIE ANTOINETTE, QUEEN OF FRANCE, By Madam Camapn

# MEMOIRS COURT OF ST. CLOUD, By Lewis Goldsmith

# MEMOIRS OF COUNT GRAMMONT, By Anthony Hamilton



CHAPTERS and ILLUSTRATIONS

MEMOIRS OF MARGUERITE DE VALOIS QUEEN OF NAVARRE

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Marguerite de Valois—Etching by Mercier

Bussi d' Amboise—Painting in the Versailles Gallery

Duc de Guise—Painting in the Versailles Gallery

Catherine de' Medici—Original Etching by Mercier

Henri VI. and La Fosseuse—Painting by A. P. E. Morton

A Scene at Henri's Court—Original Photogravure

LETTERS LETTER I.

Introduction.—Anecdotes of Marguerite's Infancy.—Endeavours Used to Convert Her to the New Religion.—She Is Confirmed in Catholicism.—The Court on a Progress.—A Grand Festivity Suddenly Interrupted.—The Confusion in Consequence.



LETTER II.

Message from the Duc d'Anjou, Afterwards Henri III., to King Charles His Brother and the Queen-mother.—Her Fondness for Her Children.—Their Interview.—Anjou's Eloquent Harangue.—The Queen-mother's Character. Discourse of the Duc d'Anjou with Marguerite.—She Discovers Her Own Importance.—Engages to Serve Her Brother Anjou.—Is in High Favour with the Queenmother.



LETTER III.

Le Guast.—His Character.—Anjou Affects to Be Jealous of the Guises.—Dissuades the Queen-mother from Reposing Confidence in Marguerite.—She Loses the Favour of the Queen-mother and Falls Sick.—Anjou's Hypocrisy.—He Introduces De Guise into Marguerite's Sick Chamber.—Marguerite Demanded in Marriage by the King of Portugal.—Made Uneasy on That Account.—Contrives to Relieve Herself.—The Match with Portugal Broken off.



LETTER IV.

Death of the Queen of Navarre—Marguerite's Marriage with Her Son, the King of Navarre, Afterwards Henri IV. of France.—The Preparations for That Solemnisation Described.—The Circumstances Which Led to the Massacre of the Huguenots on St. Bartholomew's Day.



LETTER V.

The Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day.



LETTER VI.

Henri, Duc d'Anjou, Elected King of Poland, Leaves France.—Huguenot Plots to Withdraw the Duc d'Alencon and the King of Navarre from Court.—Discovered and Defeated by Marguerite's Vigilance.—She Draws Up an Eloquent Defence, Which Her Husband Delivers before a Committee from the Court of Parliament.—Alencon and Her Husband, under a Close Arrest, Regain Their Liberty by the Death of Charles IX.



LETTER VII.

Accession of Henri III.—A Journey to Lyons.—Marguerite's Faith in Supernatural Intelligence.



LETTER VIII.

What Happened at Lyons.



LETTER IX.

Fresh Intrigues.—Marriage of Henri III.—Bussi Arrives at Court and Narrowly Escapes Assassination.



LETTER X.

Bussi Is Sent from Court.—Marguerite's Husband Attacked with a Fit of Epilepsy.—Her Great Care of Him.—Torigni Dismissed from Marguerite's Service.—The King of Navarre and the Duc d'Alencon Secretly Leave the Court.



LETTER XI.

Queen Marguerite under Arrest.—Attempt on Torigni's Life.—Her Fortunate Deliverance.



LETTER XII.

The Peace of Sens betwixt Henri III. and the Huguenots.



LETTER XIII.

The League.—War Declared against the Huguenots.—Queen Marguerite Sets out for Spa.



LETTER XIV.

Description of Queen Marguerite's Equipage.—Her Journey to Liege Described.—She Enters with Success upon Her Mission.—Striking Instance of Maternal Duty and Affection in a Great Lady.—Disasters near the Close of the Journey.



LETTER XV.

The City of Liege Described.—Affecting Story of Mademoiselle de Tournon.—Fatal Effects of Suppressed Anguish of Mind.



LETTER XVI.

Queen Marguerite, on Her Return from Liege, Is in Danger of Being Made a Prisoner.—She Arrives, after Some Narrow Escapes, at La Fere.



LETTER XVII.

Good Effects of Queen Marguerite's Negotiations in Flanders.—She Obtains Leave to Go to the King of Navarre Her Husband, but Her Journey Is Delayed.—Court Intrigues and Plots.—The Duc d'Alencon Again Put under Arrest.



LETTER XVIII.

The Brothers Reconciled.—Alencon Restored to His Liberty.



LETTER XIX.

The Duc d'Alencon Makes His Escape from Court.—Queen Marguerite's Fidelity Put to a Severe Trial.



LETTER XX.

Queen Marguerite Permitted to Go to the King Her Husband.—Is Accompanied by the Queenmother.—Marguerite Insulted by Her Husband's Secretary.—She Harbours Jealousy.—Her Attention to the King Her Husband during an Indisposition.—Their Reconciliation.—The War Breaks Out Afresh.—Affront Received from Marechal de Biron.



LETTER XXI.

Situation of Affairs in Flanders.—Peace Brought About by Duc d'Alencon's Negotiation.—Marechal de Biron Apologises for Firing on Nerac.—Henri Desperately in Love with Fosseuse.—Queen Marguerite Discovers Fosseuse to Be Pregnant, Which She Denies.—Fosseuse in Labour. Marguerite's Generous Behaviour to Her.—Marguerite's Return to Paris.



MEMOIRS OF JEAN FRANCOIS PAUL de GONDI, CARDINAL DE RETZ

BOOKS

BOOK I.

BOOK II.

BOOK III.

BOOK IV.

BOOK V.



ILLUSTRATIONS

Cardinal de Retz——Photogravure from an Old Painting

Turenne——Photogravure from an Old Painting

Richelieu——Engraving by Lubin

Anne of Austria——Original Etching by Mercier

Louis XIII——Painting in the Louvre

Conde'——Painting in Versailles Gallery



MEMOIRS OF MADAME LA MARQUISE DE MONTESPAN

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Madame de Montespan——Etching by Mercier

Hortense Mancini——Drawing in the Louvre

Madame de la Valliere——Painting by Francois

Moliere——Original Etching by Lalauze

Boileau——Etching by Lalauze

A French Courtier——Photogravure from a Painting

Madame de Maintenon——Etching by Mercier from Painting by Hule

Charles II.——Original Etching by Ben Damman

Bosseut——Etching by Lalauze

Louis XIV. Knighting a Subject——Photogravure from a Rare Print

A French Actress——Painting by Leon Comerre

Racine——Etching by Lalauze



MEMOIRS OF THE COURT OF LOUIS XIV.AND OF THE REGENCY, By the Duchess D'Orleans

BOOK 1.

PREFACE.

SECTION I.

SECTION II.—LOUIS XIV.

SECTION III.—MADEMOISELLE DE FONTANGE.

SECTION IV.-MADAME DE LA VALLIERE.

SECTION V.—MADAME DE MONTESPAN

SECTION VI.—MADAME DE MAINTENON.

SECTION VII.—THE QUEEN—CONSORT OF LOUIS XIV.



BOOK 2.

SECTION VIII.—PHILIPPE I., DUC D'ORLEANS.

SECTION IX.—PHILIPPE II., DUC D' ORLEANS, REGENT OF FRANCE.

SECTION X.—THE AFFAIRS OF THE REGENCY.

SECTION XI.—THE DUCHESSE D'ORLEANS, WIFE OF THE REGENT.

SECTION XII.—MARIE-ANNE CHRISTINE VICTOIRE OF BAVARIA, THE FIRST DAUPHINE.

SECTION XIII.—ADELAIDE OF SAVOY, THE SECOND DAUPHINE.

SECTION XIV.—THE FIRST DAUPHIN.

SECTION XV.—THE DUKE OF BURGUNDY, THE SECOND DAUPHIN.

SECTION XVI.—PETITE MADAME.



BOOK 3.

SECTION XVII.—HENRIETTA OF ENGLAND, THE FIRST WIFE OF MONSIEUR, BROTHER OF LOUIS XIV.

SECTION XVIII.—THE DUC DE BERRI.

SECTION XIX.—THE DUCHESSE DE BERRI.

SECTION XX.—MADEMOISELLE D'ORLEANS, LOUISE-ADELAIDE DE CHARTRES.

SECTION XXI.—MADEMOISELLE DE VALOIS, CHARLOTTE-AGLAE, CONSORT OF THE PRINCE OF MODENA.

SECTION XXII.—THE ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN OF THE REGENT, DUC D'ORLEANS.

SECTION XXIII.—THE CHEVALIER DE LORRAINE.

SECTION XXIV.—PHILIP V., KING OF SPAIN.

SECTION XXV.—THE DUCHESSE LOUISE-FRANCISQUE, CONSORT OF LOUIS III., DUC DE BOURBON.

SECTION XXVI.—THE YOUNGER DUCHESS.

SECTION XXVII.—LOUIS III., DUC DE BOURBON.

SECTION XXVIII.—FRANCOIS-LOUIS, PRINCE DE CONTI.

SECTION XXIX.—THE GREAT PRINCESSE DE CONTI, DAUGHTER OF LA VALLIERE.

SECTION XXX.—THE PRINCESS PALATINE, MARIE-THERESE DE BOURBON, WIFE OF FRANCOIS-LOUIS,

SECTION XXXI.—LOUISE-ELIZABETH, PRINCESSE DE CONTI, CONSORT OF LOUIE- ARMAND DE CONTI.

SECTION XXXII.—LOUIE-ARMAND, PRINCE DE CONTI.

SECTION XXXIII.—THE ABBE DUBOIS.

SECTION XXXIV.—MR. LAW.



BOOK 4.

SECTION XXXV.—VICTOR AMADEUS, KING OF SICILY.

SECTION XXXVI.—THE GRAND DUCHESS, WIFE OF COSMO II. OF FLORENCE.

SECTION XXXVII.—THE DUCHESSE DE LORRAINE, ELIZABETH-CHARLOTTE PHILIPPINE D'ORLEANS, CONSORT OF LEOPOLD JOSEPH-CHARLES DE LORRAINE.

SECTION XXXVIII.—THE DUC DU MAINE, LOUIS-AUGUSTUS.

SECTION XXXIX.—THE DUCHESSE DU MAINE, LOUISE-BENOITE, DAUGHTER OF HENRI- JULES DE CONDE.

SECTION XL.—LOUVOIS

SECTION XLI.—LOUIS XV.

SECTION XLII.—ANECDOTES AND HISTORICAL PARTICULARS RELATING TO VARIOUS PERSONS.



ILLUSTRATIONS

Bookcover

Titlepage

Duchesse D'orleans and Her Children

Louis XIV.

The Regent and his Mother

Princesse de Conti

Overturn Here, You Blockhead

Duchesse Du Maine



MEMOIRS OF LOUIS XIV AND HIS COURT AND OF THE REGENCY, By the Duke of Saint-Simon

INTRODUCTION

VOLUME 1.

CHAPTER I

CHAPTER II.

CHAPTER III

CHAPTER IV

CHAPTER V

CHAPTER VI

CHAPTER VII

CHAPTER VIII



VOLUME 2.

CHAPTER IX

CHAPTER X

CHAPTER XI

CHAPTER XII

CHAPTER XIII

CHAPTER XIV

CHAPTER XV

CHAPTER XVI

CHAPTER XVII



VOLUME 3.

CHAPTER XVIII

CHAPTER XIX

CHAPTER XX

CHAPTER XXI

CHAPTER XXII

CHAPTER XXIII

CHAPTER XXIV



VOLUME 4.

CHAPTER XXV

CHAPTER XXVI

CHAPTER XXVII

CHAPTER XXVIII

CHAPTER XXIX

CHAPTER XXX

CHAPTER XXXI

CHAPTER XXXII



VOLUME 5.

CHAPTER XXXIII

CHAPTER XXXIV

CHAPTER XXXV

CHAPTER XXXVI

CHAPTER XXXVII

CHAPTER XXXVIII



VOLUME 6.

CHAPTER XXXIX

CHAPTER XL

CHAPTER XLI

CHAPTER XLII

CHAPTER XLIII

CHAPTER XLIV.

CHAPTER XLV

CHAPTER XLVI.



VOLUME 7.

CHAPTER XLVII

CHAPTER XLVIII.

CHAPTER XLIX

CHAPTER L

CHAPTER LI

CHAPTER LII

CHAPTER LIII

CHAPTER LIV



VOLUME 8.

CHAPTER LV

CHAPTER LVI

CHAPTER LVII

CHAPTER LVIII

CHAPTER LIX

CHAPTER LX



VOLUME 9.

CHAPTER LXI

CHAPTER LXII.

CHAPTER LXIII

CHAPTER LXIV

CHAPTER LXV

CHAPTER LVI

CHAPTER LXVII.

CHAPTER LXVIII

CHAPTER LXIX



VOLUME 10.

CHAPTER LXX

CHAPTER LXXI

CHAPTER LXXII

CHAPTER LXXIII

CHAPTER LXXIV

CHAPTER LXXV

CHAPTER LXXVI

CHAPTER LXXVII



VOLUME 11.

CHAPTER LXXVIII

CHAPTER LXXIX

CHAPTER LXXX

CHAPTER LXXXI

CHAPTER LXXXII

CHAPTER LXXXIII

CHAPTER LXXXIV

CHAPTER LXXXV

CHAPTER LXXXVI

CHAPTER LXXXVII



VOLUME 12.

CHAPTER LXXXVIII

CHAPTER LXXXIX

CHAPTER XC

CHAPTER XCI

CHAPTER XCII

CHAPTER XCIII

CHAPTER XCIV.

CHAPTER XCV

CHAPTER XCVI



VOLUME 13.

CHAPTER XCVII

CHAPTER XCVII.

CHAPTER XCIX

CHAPTER C

CHAPTER CI

CHAPTER CII

CHAPTER CIII

CHAPTER CIV



VOLUME 14

CHAPTER CV

CHAPTER CVI

CHAPTER CVII

CHAPTER CVIII

CHAPTER CIX

CHAPTER CX

CHAPTER CXI.

CHAPTER CXII



VOLUME 15.

CHAPTER CXIII

CHAPTER CXIV

CHAPTER CXV

CHAPTER CXVI

CHAPTER CXVII

CHAPTER CXVIII

CHAPTER CXIX



ILLUSTRATIONS

Madame Maintenon in Conferance—painted by Sir John Gilbert

After the Battle of Blenheim—painted by R. Canton Woodville

Marlborough at Ramillies—painted by R. Canton Woodville

The King's Walk at Versailles—painted by J. L. Jerome

Marlborough at Malplaquet—painted by R. Canton Woodville

The Edict of Nantes—painted by Jules Girardet

Search of the Spanish Ambassador—painted by Maurice Leloir

Mississippi Colonization—painted by C. E. Delort

Jacobites Drinking to the Pretender—painted by F. Willems



MEMOIRS OF LOUIS XV. AND XVI., By Madame du Hausett, Princess Lamballe, and an Unknown English Girl

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Louis the Fifteenth

"It Was an Indigestion

Madame du Hausset

Madame de Pompadour

Madame Adelaide

Madame Sophie

Madame Elizabeth

Mirabeau and the Queen

Princess de Lamballe

Marie Antoinette in the Temple

Interviewing Little Louis

Marie Antoinette to the Guillotine



MEMOIRS OF THE COURT OF MARIE ANTOINETTE, QUEEN OF FRANCE, By Madam Camapn



Book I.

Book II.



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Duchesse du Barry

Princesse de Lamballe

The Parisian Bonne

Louis XVI. and Marie Antoinette

Beaumarchais

The Reveille

Madame Adelaide as Diana

The Bastille

Opening of The States General

Louis XVI.

Marie Antoinette on the way to the Guillotine

Madame Campan



MEMOIRS COURT OF ST. CLOUD, By Lewis Goldsmith

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

At Cardinal Caprara's

Cardinal Fesch

Episode at Mme. Miot's

Napoleon's Guard

A Grand Dinner

Chaptal

Turreaux

Carrier

Barrere

Cambaceres

Pauline Bonaparte



MEMOIRS OF COUNT GRAMMONT, By Anthony Hamilton

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF ANTHONY HAMILTON.

CHAPTER FIRST. INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER SECOND. ARRIVAL OF THE CHEVALIER GRAMMONT AT THE SIEGE OF TRINO, AND THE LIFE HE LED THERE

CHAPTER THIRD. EDUCATION AND ADVENTURES OF THE CHEVALIER GRAMMONT BEFORE HIS COMING TO THE SIEGE OF TRINO

CHAPTER FOURTH. HIS ARRIVAL AT THE COURT OF TURIN, AND HOW HE SPENT HIS TIME THERE

CHAPTER FIFTH. HE RETURNS TO THE COURT OF FRANCE—HIS ADVENTURES AT THE SIEGE OF ARRAS—HIS REPLY TO CARDINAL MAZARIN—HE IS BANISHED THE COURT

CHAPTER SIXTH. HIS ARRIVAL AT THE ENGLISH COURT—THE VARIOUS PERSONAGES OF THIS COURT

CHAPTER SEVENTH. HE FALLS IN LOVE WITH MISS HAMILTON—VARIOUS ADVENTURES AT THE BALL IN THE QUEEN'S DRAWING-ROOM—CURIOUS VOYAGE OF HIS VALET-DE- CHAMBRE TO AND FROM PARIS

CHAPTER EIGHTH. FUNNY ADVENTURE OF THE CHAPLAIN POUSSATIN—THE STORY OF THE SIEGE OF LERIDA—MARRIAGE OF THE DUKE OF YORK, AND OTHER DETAILS ABOUT THE ENGLISH COURT

CHAPTER NINTH. VARIOUS LOVE INTRIGUES AT THE ENGLISH COURT

CHAPTER TENTH. OTHER LOVE INTRIGUES AT THE ENGLISH COURT

CHAPTER ELEVENTH. RETURN OF THE CHEVALIER GRAMMONT TO FRANCE—HE IS SENT BACK TO ENGLAND—VARIOUS LOVE INTRIGUES AT THIS COURT, AND MARRIAGE OF MOST OF THE HEROES OF THESE MEMOIRS

THE END

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