Putnam's Word Book
A Practical Aid in Expressing Ideas through the Use of an Exact and Varied Vocabulary
Louis A. Flemming
Copyright, 1913 By G. P. Putnam's Sons
(Under the title Synonyms, Antonyms, and Associated Words)
The purpose of this book, as conceived by the author, is not to attempt to create or to influence usage by pointing out which words should or should not be used, nor to explain the meaning of terms, but simply to provide in a form convenient for reference and study the words that can be used, leaving it to those who consult its pages to determine for themselves, with the aid of a dictionary if necessary, which words supply the information they are looking for or express most accurately the thoughts in their minds. The questions, therefore, that were constantly in the author's mind while he was preparing the manuscript were not, is this word used? nor should it be used? but is it a word that some one may want to know as a matter of information or to use in giving expression to some thought? When the word in question seemed to be one that would be of service it was given a place in the collection to which it belongs. Believing the book would be consulted by students and workers in special fields, the author incorporated into it many words, including some technical terms, that might, in the case of a work of more restricted usefulness, have been omitted.
It happens frequently that the word which one thinks of first does not express the exact shade of thought one desires to express and some other word of similar meaning is necessary. For this reason there is, for those who want to write and speak with precision and effectiveness, an important use for collections of synonyms. Throughout this book synonyms means words that are similar in meaning or which express the same general idea with shades of difference. Those who use this work should bear in mind that all words that are classified as synonyms cannot be used interchangeably; that there are differences in meaning between them; and that, before using an unfamiliar word, they should ascertain its meaning and usage in a dictionary. Antonyms are words that are opposed to another word in meaning. Such words are helpful when it is desired to express contrasted or conflicting ideas or thoughts. In many instances, however, a list of antonyms is unnecessary. For example, no antonyms of good are found after the synonyms of that word because one thinks of bad instantly when considering the opposite of good; and under bad numerous synonyms, which are also the antonyms of good, are found.
It is not an infrequent occurrence for a word to be required that is neither a synonym nor an antonym of a familiar term but merely associated with it in meaning and usage. Such a word cannot when unknown or momentarily forgotten be easily found in a dictionary. In this volume collections of such words are found after the general terms with which they are associated. This feature of the book will be of service as a memory-help when a word cannot be recalled and also, which is perhaps of greater importance, by enabling writers and students to learn of words objectively or through their associations.
By turning to the word that is thought of first or to the word with which the term that is wanted is associated and reading the collections there presented, any word that may be desired will be found.
The author spared no effort to make his work as complete as possible; and he believes that it will be appreciated for its comprehensiveness, modernity, and practical usefulness. He will be pleased to receive from those who use his book any suggestions relative to changes, corrections, or additions that might make the work more useful. He may be addressed in care of the publishers.
L. A. P.
List of Abbreviations Used in This Book
a. stands for adjective. adv. " " adverb. Amer. Ind. " " American Indian. Astron. " " Astronomy. Bot. " " Botany. Cen. Amer. " " Central America. Chem. " " Chemistry. Civ. Law. " " Civil Law. Colloq. " " Colloquial. conj. " " conjunction. Eccl. " " Ecclesiastical. Fr. " " French. Ger. " " German. Gram. " " Grammar. Gr. Antiq. " " Greek Antiquity. Heb. " " Hebrew. Med. " " Medicine. Mil. " " Military. Mus. " " Music. n. " " noun. pl. " " plural. p.p. " " past participle. prep. " " stands for preposition. R.R. " " Railroad. sing. " " singular. Sp. " " Spanish. Sp. Amer. " " Spanish America. Theol. " " Theology. v. " " verb.
Note.—A number of words with their synonyms and related terms that are not found in the body of the book will be found in the Addenda beginning on page 615.
Putnam's Word Book
Abandon, v. desert, forsake, forego, discard, relinquish, repudiate, waive, renounce, abdicate. Antonyms: retain, maintain, continue, cherish.
abandon, n. unrestraint, wantonness.
abandoned, a. forsaken, deserted, derelict, castaway, rejected; depraved, reprobate, incorrigible, arrant, graceless, irreformable.
abandonment, n. desertion, relinquishment, dereliction, reprobation, surrender, evacuation, rejection, abdication. Antonyms: retention, continuance, maintenance, persistence.
abase, v. humble, degrade, dishonor, reduce, humiliate.
abasement, n. humiliation, reduction, dishonor, degradation, ignominy.
abash, v. disconcert, confuse, discomfit, discompose, chagrin, mortify, embarrass.
abashment, n. discomfiture, confusion, mortification, chagrin, embarrassment.
abate, v. moderate, assuage, subside, diminish, intermit. Antonyms: See increase.
abatement, n. moderation, diminution, reduction, subsidence, decrease.
a b c. alphabet, symbols; rudiments, elements, first principles.
a b c book. primer, hornbook.
abdomen, n. belly, paunch. Associated words: abdominal, ventral, paunchy, abdominous, peritoneum, peritonitis, celiac, laparotomy, groin, eventration, abdominoscopy, hypogastric, hypogastrium.
abduction, n. kidnapping, child-stealing, man-stealing, defiliation. Associated words: abduct, abductor.
aberration, n. wandering, deviation; abnormity, irregularity; madness, mania.
abet, v. instigate, encourage, incite, egg on, foment, uphold.
abetment, n. instigation, incitement, encouragement.
abeyance, n. suspension, indetermination.
abhor, v. abominate, loathe, hate, detest.
abhorrence, n. detestation, loathing, repugnance, abomination.
abhorrent, a. repugnant, detestable, loathsome, repulsive.
abide, v. dwell, stay, sojourn, continue, remain; acquiesce, conform to.
abiding, a. continuing, lasting, stable.
ability, n. competence, efficiency, aptitude, capacity, skill, proficiency, capability. Antonyms: inability, incapability.
abject, a. degraded, groveling, servile, ignoble, contemptible base. Antonyms: noble, lofty, dignified, exalted.
able, a. competent, qualified, capable, talented, clever, gifted, efficient; effective, cogent, telling, potent. Antonyms: unable, incompetent, incapable, inefficient ineffective, impotent.
able-bodied, a. stalwart, brawny, robust, sturdy, strapping muscular.
abnormal, a. anomalous, irregular, exceptional, aberrant, erratic, unusual. Antonyms: See normal.
abnormality, n. variation, irregularity, anomaly, abnormity. Antonyms: regularity, naturalness.
abnormity, n. irregularity, abnormality, monstrosity, anomaly.
abode, n. residence, habitation, dwelling, domicile, sojourn.
abolish, v. annul, nullify, abrogate, invalidate, repeal, revoke, rescind, disannul, set aside, destroy. Antonyms: confirm, establish.
abolition, n. annulling, abrogation, destruction, abolishment, disestablishment, cancellation, extinction, nullification, rescission, revocation.
abominable, a. odious, execrable, detestable, loathsome, abhorrent, offensive.
abomination, n. detestation, execration, abhorrence, loathing, aversion, odiousness.
abortion, n. miscarriage, failure, frustration; castling, mooncalf, monster.
abortive, a. unsuccessful, unavailing, miscarrying, frustrate, ineffectual; rudimentary, undeveloped, sterile, imperfect.
abound, v. be plentiful, teem, swarm.
abounding, a. rife, plentiful, abundant, galore.
about, prep. concerning, anent, relative to, with regard to.
abridge, v. shorten, diminish, curtail; epitomize, condense.
abridgment, n. diminution, lessening, reduction, curtailment, condensation; epitome, compend, synopsis, digest, summary, breviary.
abrogate, v. annul, repeal, revoke, abolish, rescind, nullify, invalidate.
abrogation, n. repeal, abolition, revocation, annulment, defeasance.
abrupt, a. precipitous, steep, craggy, jagged, rugged; unceremonious, hasty, brusque, rough, rude, curt, discourteous; unconnected.
abscess, n. aposteme, imposthume, ulcer, fester.
absence, n. nonattendance; want, destitution, privation, lack; inattention, absent-mindedness. Associated Words: furlough, parole.
absent-minded, a. preoccupied, distrait, inattentive, unmindful, abstracted.
absent-mindedness, n. preoccupation, abstraction, inattention.
absolute, a. unconditional, unrestricted, uncontrolled, supreme; consummate, faultless, ideal; actual, real; self-existent, self-sufficing; autocratic, despotic.
absolution, n. forgiveness, remission, discharge, pardon.
absolutism, n. autocracy, despotism.
absolve, v. release, remit, pardon, exonerate, acquit, exculpate.
absorb, v. engulf, overwhelm, swallow up; imbibe, suck up, assimilate; engross, occupy, monopolize.
absorbent, a. absorbtive, absorbing, bibulous.
absorbing, a. engrossing, engaging, fascinating.
absorption, n. imbibition; engrossment. Associated Word: sorbefacient.
absquatulate, v. (Jocular) decamp, go away, depart.
abstain, v. forbear, refrain, withhold, deny one's self. Antonym: indulge.
abstaining, n. abstention, abstinence.
abstemious, a. abstinent, temperate, self-denying, frugal.
abstinence, n. forbearance, temperance, self-denial, abstemiousness.
abstinent, a. abstemious, temperate, continent. Antonyms: sensual, wanton, self-indulgent, intemperate.
abstract, n. summary, epitome, compendium, synopsis, brief, compend.
abstracted, a. separated, disconnected, withdrawn; absent-minded, preoccupied.
abstraction, n. separation, disconnection, withdrawal; inattention, absent-mindedness, preoccupation, musing; defiliation; purloining, seizure, stealing.
abstruse, a. recondite, obscure, incomprehensible.
absurd, a. ridiculous, preposterous, nonsensical, incongruous, foolish, irrational, inconsistent.
absurdity, n. inconsistency, fallacy, irrationality, ineptitude, foolishness.
abundance, n. sufficiency, plenty, profusion, copiousness, exuberance, plenteousness, overflow. Antonyms: deficiency, dearth, scarcity, poverty.
abundant, a. plentiful, copious, exuberant, galore, ample, lavish, plenteous, teeming, bountiful. Antonyms: deficient, inadequate, insufficient.
abuse, v. misapply, misuse, pervert, desecrate, violate, profane; maltreat, mistreat; revile, reproach, vilify, vituperate, malign, traduce; violate, ravish, rape.
abuse, n. misuse, misapplication, perversion, profanation, desecration; injury, maltreatment, mistreatment, outrage, offense; invective, contumely, reproach, scurrility, opprobrium, tirade, billingsgate, vilification; violation, rape.
abusive, a. reviling, scurrilous, opprobrious, reproachful, vituperative, insulting, rffensive, contumelious, outrageous.
abut, v. project, terminate, be contiguous, meet;—with on, upon, or against.
accent, n. stress, ictus; modulation, accentuation.
accent, v. emphasize, accentuate.
acceptance, n. approval, favorable reception; acceptableness. Antonyms: rejection, refusal.
accessory, a. accompanying, accessary, contributory, subservient, subsidiary.
accident, n. casualty, mishap, contretemps, mischance, contingency.
accidental, a. casual, fortuitous; incidental, nonessential, adventitious.
accidentally, adv. unintentionally, casually, fortuitously. Antonyms: intentionally, advisedly, deliberately.
acclimate, v. acclimatize.
acclimation, n. acclimatization.
accommodate, v. adapt, conform, adjust; oblige, favor.
accommodating, a. obliging, complaisant.
accommodation, n. adaptation, adjustment; complaisance; favor, kindness.
accompaniment, n. concomitant.
accompany, v. escort, attend, convoy; chaperon.
accomplice, n. abettor, ally, accessory, confederate, particeps criminis.
accomplish, v. achieve, effectuate, execute, complete, effect.
accomplished, a. completed, effected; practised, proficient.
accomplishment, n. completion, fulfillment, execution, effectuation; attainment, acquirement, acquisition, grace.
accord, n. agreement, concurrence, harmony, sympathy. Antonyms: variance, disagreement, inharmony.
accordance, n. conformity, unanimity, harmony, accord, rapport, concurrence.
according to. agreeably to, in accordance with, in conformity with, pursuant.
accost, v. greet, address, salute, hail.
accoucheur, n. obstetrician.
accoucheuse, n. midwife.
account, n. reckoning, computation, calculation, record, tab; registry, register; recital, relation, narrative, report, delineation, description, portrayal, explanation; reason, ground, consideration, motive, sake; estimate, valuation, judgment, estimation, opinion; importance, consequence, value, worth, reputation.
accountability, n. amenability, liability.
accountable, a. answerable, liable, amenable, responsible. Antonyms: unaccountable, irresponsible, exempt.
accumulation, n. accretion, hoard, aggregation, accrument, collection.
accumulative, a. cumulative.
accuracy, n. exactness, fidelity, correctness, precision. Antonyms: inaccuracy, incorrectness, error.
accurate, a. correct, exact, just, true, literal. Antonyms: inaccurate, incorrect, erroneous.
accusation, n. crimination, charge, indictment, impeachment, arraignment, allegation, incrimination.
accusative, a. incriminatory, inculpatory, accusatory.
accuse, v. indict, charge, impeach, incriminate, arraign, criminate.
accuser, n. complainant, plaintiff, informant, prosecutor.
accustom, v. habituate, familiarize, inure.
accustomed, a. customary, wonted, habitual, usual. Antonyms: unaccustomed, unfamiliar, unwonted.
achieve, v. accomplish, effectuate, realize, effect, attain.
achievement, n. accomplishment, attainment, effectuation feat, exploit.
acknowledge, v. admit, avow, concede, own, confess. Antonyms: repudiate, deny, disavow.
acknowledgment, n. admittance, avowal, concession, recognition.
acme, n. culmination, top, zenith, climax, apex, pinnacle.
acorns, n. pl. mast. Associated Words: balaniferous, balanoid, cupule, cupuliferous, quercite, racahout.
acquaint, v. familiarize, inform, tell, apprise, notify.
acquaintance, n. familiarity; kith. Antonyms: ignorance, unfamiliarity, unacquaintance.
acquirement, n. acquisition, attainment.
acquit, v. discharge, release, exculpate, exonerate.
acquittal, n. release, discharge, exoneration, exculpation.
acrid, a. pungent, biting, corrosive, caustic.
acridity, n. pungency, bitterness, causticity, acrimony.
acrimonious, a. caustic, sarcastic, censorious, virulent, rancorous.
acrimony, n. asperity, bitterness, virulence, causticity, rancor, sharpness.
acrobat, n. equilibrist, tumbler, funambulist, vaulter.
across, prep. and adv. athwart, crosswise, traverse transversely.
act, n. performance, feat, stunt (Colloq.), exploit, achievement, deed, action, procedure, turn; decree, edict, law, statute, enactment, ordinance.
act, v. behave, deport one's self; play, personate, impersonate, mimic; feign, counterfeit, simulate, dissemble.
acting, n. personation, impersonation, simulation, feigning, stage-playing, histrionicism, histrionism, affectation mimicry, pantomime (acting without speaking).
action, n. agency, operation, movement, activity; pl. conduct, behavior, deportment, deeds; (Law) lawsuit, litigation, suit. Antonyms: inaction, stagnation, inactivity, inertia.
active, a. brisk, nimble, agile, sprightly, spirited; strenuous, diligent, enterprising; operative, efficacious, drastic; effective; transitive. Antonyms: inactive, passive, latent, quiescent, sedentary.
activity, n. operation, action; liveliness, briskness, agility, sprightliness, strenuousness. Antonyms: inactivity, passiveness, quiescence.
actor, n. doer, participant, performer; comedian; tragedian; thespian; impersonator, personator, mime, mimic; pantomimist; barnstormer; hamfatter; supernumerary.
actress, n. tragedienne; comedienne; ingenue, soubrette, understudy; star.
actual, a. real, veritable. Antonyms: potential, nominal, hypothetical.
actuality, n. reality, veritableness.
actuate, v. instigate, impel, incite.
actuation, n. instigation, incitement, animation.
acumen, n. astuteness, shrewdness, discernment, sharpness. Antonyms: dullness, stupidity, short-sightedness.
adage, n. See saying.
Adam, n. Associated Words: Adamic, adamite, preadamic, preadamite, preadamitic.
adapt, v. adjust, conform.
adaptable, a. conformable, adjustable.
adaptation, n. adjustment, conformability.
add, v. sum up, foot up; append, supplement, subjoin, affix, adjoin, superadd, annex. Antonyms: subtract, deduct, detract, remove.
addict, v. habituate, accustom.
addition, n. annexation, annex, appendage, supplement, appendix, postscript, wing, augmentation, adjunct, rider. Antonyms: subtraction, deduction, detraction.
additional, a. supplemental, adscititious, supplementary.
addle, v. muddle, confuse; spoil, rot.
address, n. discourse, speech, lecture, oration, allocution; direction, superscription, delivery. Associated Word: vocative.
address, v. accost, speak to; direct, superscribe.
adept, n. See expert.
adequacy, n. sufficiency. Antonyms: inadequacy, insufficiency.
adequate, a. sufficient, commensurate, equal, proportionate. Antonyms: inadequate, insufficient.
adjacent, a. adjoining, contiguous.
adjoining, a. contiguous, adjacent, neighboring.
adjustment, n. adaptation, regulation, settlement.
admissible, a. allowable, permissible. Antonym: inadmissible.
admit, v. acknowledge, confess, concede; allow, permit. Antonyms: repulse, reject, refuse.
admittance, n. admission.
ado, n. fuss, bustle, stir, excitement, pother.
adolescence, n. nonage, juniority, minority, youth.
adopt, v. father, affiliate; espouse, support, maintain.
adoption, n. affiliation, fathering; espousal.
adorn, v. decorate, beautify, embellish, deck, ornament, grace, garnish, bedizen, bedeck, bestud, beset, emblazon. Antonyms: disfigure, mar, deform.
adornment, n. ornamentation, decoration. Antonyms: disfigurement, defacement.
adrift, a. and adv. drifting, derelict, lost.
adulterate, v. sophisticate.
adulterated, a. adulterate, impure, sophisticated.
adulteration, n. sophistication.
adultery, n. infidelity, criminal conversation.
advance, n. progress, progression, march, advancement, promotion, preferment, elevation, appreciation, enhancement; overture, tender, proposal, proffer, offer. Antonyms: retreat, retrogression, decline, retrogradation, deterioration.
advance, v. progress, increase; promote, elevate; enhance, augment. Antonyms: retreat, retrograde, decline, deteriorate.
advance guard. vanguard, van.
advancement, n. progress, progression; promotion, preferment, exaltation, aggrandizement, furtherance.
advantage, n. vantage-ground; superiority, mastery, ascendency; benefit, avail, profit. Antonym: disadvantage.
adventurous, a. adventuresome, temerarious, venturous.
adversary, n. enemy, foe, antagonist, opponent.
adversity, n. misfortune, buffeting, disaster, affliction, reverses, trouble.
advertise, v. announce, publish, proclaim, trumpet.
advertisement, n. announcement.
advice, n. counsel, admonition, monition, recommendation; information, tidings, report. Associated Words: admonitory, mentorial, monitorial.
advisable, a. expedient, desirable, befitting. Antonym: inadvisable.
advise, v. counsel, admonish, warn; apprise, inform, notify, acquaint, tell; advise with, consult, confer.
advisedly, adv. purposely, intentionally, designedly, deliberately, knowingly.
advisement, n. consideration, deliberation, consultation.
adviser, n. counselor, mentor, monitor, admonitor.
advocate, n. defender, apologist, vindicator, propagandist, upholder, promoter.
aerial, a. atmospheric; aeriform, vaporous, ethereal, empyreal, empyrean.
affability, n. courteousness, civility, complaisance, sociability, graciousness.
affable, a. courteous, sociable, gracious, cordial, benign, complaisant, accessible. Antonyms: inaffable, discourteous.
affect, v. act upon, move, touch, influence, melt; concern, bear upon, interest; dispose, turn, incline.
affectation, n. mannerism, pretension, puppetry, simulation.
affected, a. assumed, feigned, simulated, unnatural. Antonyms: unaffected, sincere, natural, unfeigned.
affecting, a. touching, moving, pathetic, piteous.
affectionate, a. devoted, fond, loving, ardent.
affidavit, n. deposition. Associated Words: affiant, deponent, jurant, depose.
affiliation, n. adoption, connection, association.
affirm, v. assert (positively), aver, asseverate, state.
affirmation, n. assertion, averment, asseveration.
affirmative, a. confirmative, ratifying, approving.
affix, v. subjoin, annex, append.
afflict, v. persecute, distress, scourge, trouble, harass.
affliction, n. tribulation, adversity, trouble, buffeting, bereavement, hardship, visitation, scourge, distress, misfortune.
affront, n. indignity, insult, outrage, contumely, offense.
aflutter, a. agitated, perturbed, discomposed, excited. Antonyms: calm, composed.
aforethought, a. designed, prepense, premeditated, deliberate, intentional.
aforethought, n. premeditation.
afraid, a. alarmed, fearful, timid, timorous, apprehensive, scared, diffident. Antonyms: fearless, unafraid, intrepid, bold, undaunted, temerarious.
afresh, adv. again, anew, de novo, newly.
after, a. next, subsequent, succeeding, following, later.
after all. nevertheless.
afterbirth, n. secundines; heam (afterbirth of a beast).
after-birth, a. post-natal.
after-death, a. post-mortem, posthumous.
after-dinner, a. post-prandial.
after-marriage, a. post-nuptial, post-connubial.
aftermath, n. rowen, eddish, lattermath, eagrass, etch rowett.
afternoon, a. post-meridian.
after the flood. post-diluvian, post-diluvial.
after the war. post-bellum.
age, n. maturity, seniority; epoch, period, time; century; eon; climacteric; old age, dotage, senescence, senility, decrepitude, superannuation; longevity. Associated Words: nostology, geratology, geromorphism, coetaneous, coeval, contemporaneous.
agency, n. instrumentality, operation, action, mediation, means.
agent, n. representative, canvasser, substitute, deputy, factor, procurator, syndic, go-between, commissioner, proctor, emissary, envoy, solicitor, negotiator. Antonyms: principal, chief.
aggrandize, v. exalt.
aggrandizement, n. exaltation.
aggravate, v. intensify, heighten, enhance, increase; exasperate, irritate, provoke.
aggravation, n. enhancement, heightening; (Colloq.) exasperation, provocation, irritation.
aggregate, n. mass, whole, total.
aggregation, n. collection, accumulation, mass.
aghast, a. astounded, terrified, dismayed, horror-struck.
agile, a. nimble, spry, active, lively.
agility, n. spryness, nimbleness, activity.
agitate, v. disturb, shake, unsettle; excite, perturb, disconcert; discuss, consider.
agitation, n. commotion, disturbance, perturbation, excitement, flustration, discomposure, unrest, turmoil, estuation; discussion, ventilation.
agitator, n. incendiary, firebrand.
agree, v. concur, accord, chime, acquiesce, harmonize; accede, comply, assent, consent, grant; stipulate, promise, compromise; correspond, coincide, comport, tally, conform, match. Antonyms: disagree, differ, higgle, chaffer. See disagree.
agreeable, a. pleasant, grateful, gratifying, pleasurable, enjoyable, congenial; suitable, conformable to, compatible, consonant, befitting. Antonyms: See disagreeable.
agreement, n. concurrence, consensus, harmony, compatibility, acquiescence, accord, concord, conformity, coincidence, unanimity, unison, corroboration, correspondence; contract, treaty, stipulation, protocol, compact, collusion, cartel (Mil.). Antonyms: disagreement, dissension, discrepancy, variance, opposition, incompatibility.
agriculture, n. husbandry, farming, terra-culture, geoponics, agronomy.
agriculturist, n. husbandman, farmer, agriculturalist, agronomist.
aground, adv. stranded.
aid, n. assistance, cooeperation, succor, relief, furtherance, help, subsidy, subvention, patronage; assistant, helper; aid-de-camp.
aid, v. assist, succor, cooeperate, befriend, promote, abet, help.
aider, n. assistant, coadjutor, auxiliary, accessory, abettor, cooeperator, helper.
ailment, n. malady, disorder, complaint, illness.
aim, n. object, purpose, design, aspiration, end, goal.
aimless, a. drifting, purposeless, random, objectless, desultory.
air, n. atmosphere. Associated Words: oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, ether, aerology, aerologist, aerometry, aeroscopy, aerometer, aerography, aeriferous, aerodynamics, aerial, aerophobia, azote, barograph, barometer, cyanometry, hermetic, hermetically, meteorology, ozone, neon, pneumatic, aerator, pneumatics, pneumotherapy, hygrometry, pneumatology, xenon, ventilator, aerostat, ariel, aeronautics, aeronautical.
air, n. melody, tune, descant, aria, song; publicity, vent; appearance, look, bearing, mien, demeanor, aspect, deportment; semblance, style.
air, v. ventilate; aerate, aerify; display, expose, flaunt.
airhole, n. vent, vent hole, bung, spile hole; spiracle.
airiness, n. aeriality, unsubstantiality; gayety, vivacity, buoyancy, sprightliness.
airing, n. ventilation; aeration, aerification; display, flaunting, exposure.
air plant. aerophyte epiphyte.
airy, a. aerial, aeriform, ethereal, atmospheric, pneumatic, unsubstantial; breezy, windy, ventilated; visionary, unreal; vivacious, sprightly; garish, jaunty, flaunting.
akin, a. (Used after the noun) consanguineous, kindred, cognate, agnate, related, congenial.
alarm, v. terrify, frighten, scare, appall, daunt, unnerve, intimidate.
alarm, n. warning, signal; apprehension, terror, consternation trepidation, fright, panic, dismay.
alarm-bell, n. tocsin, alarum.
alarming, a. startling, ominous, terrifying, frightful. Antonym: reassuring.
albinoism, n. albinism, leucopathy.
alcohol, n. ethyl alcohol, methol, spirit of wine, rectified spirit. Associated Words: alcoholism, spirituous, alcoholic, vinification, vinificator, methilepsia, dipsomania, dipsomaniac, fusel, methyl, methylate, methylated.
ale inspector. aleconner, aletaster.
alert, a. vigilant, watchful, wary, attentive.
alien, n. foreigner.
alien, a. foreign; adverse, inconsistent, unallied, incongruous remote.
alienate, v. transfer, demise, assign; estrange, disaffect, wean.
alienation, n. transfer (of title), demise; estrangement, disaffection.
alight, v. dismount.
alike, a. similar, analogous, homogeneous, resemblant uniform, homologous.
alimentary canal. enteron.
alive, a. living, quick, animated, instinct.
alkali flat. playa.
all, n. the whole, totality, aggregate, total, entirety.
allay, v. appease, alleviate, pacify, mollify, mitigate, moderate, assuage, soothe, temper, palliate, abate, lessen, reduce, ease. Antonyms: intensify, aggravate, heighten, rouse.
all-creating, a. omnific.
all-devouring, a. omnivorous.
allegiance, n. fealty, loyalty, devotion, fidelity.
alleviate, v. mitigate, mollify, lessen, allay, assuage moderate, relieve.
alleviation, n. mitigation, palliation, assuagement, relief, moderation.
alleviative, a. palliative, mitigative, assuasive.
alley, n. passage; lane, byway; cul-de-sac (blind alley).
all hollow. (Slang) completely, entirely.
alliance, n. union, coalition, federation, confederacy, league; affinity, affiliation, connection, relationship.
all-knowing, a. omniscient.
allot, v. apportion, mete out, assign.
allotment, n. apportionment, assignment.
allow, v. permit, consent to; tolerate, suffer, endure.
allowable, a. permissible, admissible.
allowance, n. permission, concession, admittance, authorization, sanction, tolerance, sufferance, connivance, leave, assent; extenuation; discount, rebate, deduction, annuity, tontine; stipend; alimony. Antonyms: disallowance, prohibition, refusal, injunction, embargo.
alloy, n. amalgam, alloyage; adulteration.
all-powerful, a. omnipotent, almighty.
all-producing, a. omniferous, omniparient, omniparous.
all-seeing, a. omnispective.
allspice, n. pimento.
allude, v. refer, advert, suggest.
allure, v. entice, lure, tempt, decoy, seduce, tweedle.
allurement, n. enticement, lure, temptation, seduction, decoy, inducement.
alluring, a. charming, tempting, seductive, attractive, fascinating. Antonyms: repellent, repugnant, unattractive.
ally, n. confederate, co-worker, auxiliary, abettor, assistant.
ally, v. associate, confederate, join.
almanac, n. ephemeris (Astron.).
almightiness, n. omnipotence.
almighty, a. omnipotent.
alms, n. dole, charity. Associated Words: eleemosynary, almoner, almonry, corban.
alone, a. (Used after the noun) single, solitary, isolated, unaccompanied, companionless; unique, unmatched, incomparable. Antonyms: accompanied, in company.
aloud, adv. audibly. Antonyms: inaudibly, sotto voce.
alphabet, n. symbols, letters, crossrow; rudiments, elements, a b c. Associated Words: abecedary, alphabetic, alphabetism, alphabetize, primer, abecedarian.
Alps, n. pl. Associated Words: Alpine, cisalpine, trans-alpine, alpenstock, alpestrine.
also, adv. besides, too, further, in addition, furthermore, moreover.
altar, n. Associated Words: reredos, altarage, mensa, retable, chancel, ciborium, pyx, dorsal, dossal, piscina, antependium, baldachin, hagioscope, predella, frontal.
alter, v. See change; (Colloq.) geld, castrate.
altogether, adv. wholly, completely, unconditionally, thoroughly, utterly, entirely, totally, in toto; in the aggregate, en masse, ensemble.
always, adv. perpetually, continually, forever, everlastingly, evermore, unceasingly, for aye; invariably, constantly, uniformly. Antonyms: intermittently, occasionally, periodically.
amanuensis, n. secretary.
amass, v. accumulate, collect, gather, heap up.
amaze, v. astonish, astound, surprise, stagger, dumfound, flabbergast.
amazement, n. astonishment, confusion, surprise, flabbergastation.
amazing, a. astonishing, striking, astounding, marvelous, wonderful.
ambassador, n. plenipotentiary, legate, envoy, minister (of the highest rank).
ambiguous, a. indefinite, delphic, equivocal, vague, doubtful.
ambition, n. aspiration, emulation.
ambitious, a. aspiring, emulous, desirous; showy, pretentious, ostentatious. Antonyms: unambitious, indifferent.
amenable, a. answerable, accountable, responsible; submissive, tractable, responsive. Antonyms: unamenable, unaccountable, disobedient, insubmissive.
amends, n. pl. reparation, indemnification, restitution, atonement, redress, indemnity.
amenity, n. agreeableness, amiability, pleasantness, graciousness.
amiable, a. gracious, good-natured, benign, obliging, benignant, affable. Antonyms: See unamiable.
amicable, a. friendly, peaceable, harmonious.
amiss, adv. improperly, incorrectly, wrongly.
amity, n. friendship, harmony, comity, good will.
amount, n. total, sum.
ample, a. spacious, extensive, roomy; abundant, copious, plentiful; diffusive, prolix, protracted.
amuse, v. entertain, divert, beguile, recreate, please.
amusement, n. diversion, entertainment, beguilement, recreation, relaxation, pastime, merriment, fun, sport, pleasure.
amusing, a. pleasing, diverting, laughable, entertaining, farcical, droll, divertive.
analogy, n. resemblance, similarity, parallelism, agreement, correspondence.
analyze, v. decompound, decompose.
anathema, n. denunciation, malediction, curse, execration, condemnation.
anathematize, v. curse, denounce, comminate, maledict.
anatomy, n. dissection; body, structure, skeleton; somatology.
ancestor, n. forefather, progenitor, primogenitor, forbear. Associated Words: atavic, atavism, lineal, collateral, hereditary, heredity, genealogy, genealogist.
ancestral, a. patrimonial, hereditary.
ancestry, n. lineage, descent, pedigree, stock, family: ancestors, progenitors.
anchor, n. (small) kedge, grapnel, grapline, killock.
anchorage, n. mooring.
ancient, a. old, antiquated, archaic, antique, pristine, primitive, archaean.
ancient writings. Associated Words: diplomatics, paleography, paleographer, paleographist, hieroglyph, hieroglyphic.
angel, n. seraph, cherub, eudemon, archangel, spirit. Associated words: angelology, angelophany, dulia, angelhood, angelize, angelolatry, domination.
angelic, a. seraphic, cherubic, celestial, angelical, heavenly, divine.
anger, n. indignation, fury, rage, wrath, exasperation, dudgeon, ire, animosity, umbrage, resentment, passion, choler, displeasure, vexation, grudge, pique, flare-up, spleen, tiff, fume, offense, frenzy, tantrum, temper.
anger, v. enrage, incense, irritate, displease, ruffle, offend, exasperate, infuriate, madden, inflame, vex, provoke.
angle, v. fish; intrigue, scheme.
angle-worm, n. earthworm, dewworm, lumbricus.
angry, a. enraged, wroth, furious, passionate, incensed, exasperated, raging, infuriated, piqued, choleric, wrathful, hot, irate, indignant, provoked, resentful, ireful, in high dudgeon.
anguish, n. agony, distress, torture, misery, pang, remorse.
animal, a. brute, beastly, brutal, brutish, bestial; carnal, physical, fleshly.
animal, n. being, creature; brute, beast. Associated Words: zooelogy, zooelogist, zooegraphy, zooepathology, zooelatry, zooephilist, zooephily, zooetomy, zoiatrics, zooelogical, zoo, warren, taxidermy, taxidermist, veterinarian, veterinarianism, menagerie, pound, animalism, animalize, animalization.
animals, n. pl. (of an area or epoch) fauna.
animals, n. pl. (invisible or nearly so) animalcules.
animals, n. pl. vermin (noxious little animals).
animal spirits. health and energy, frolicsomeness, sportiveness, vivacity, life.
animate, v. vitalize, vivify, quicken, inspirit, stimulate, rouse.
animated, a. lively, spirited, vigorous, vivacious, gay, brisk.
animation, n. vitalization, spiritedness, vivacity, life, gayety, buoyancy.
animosity, n. malignity, rancor, hatred, virulence.
animus, n. spirit, mind, temper.
ankle, n. tarsus. Associated Word: tarsal.
ankle bone. astragalus, tarsale.
annals, n. pl. records (historical), archives, chronicles, rolls, history, registers.
announce, v. proclaim, publish, blazon, advertise, trumpet, noise abroad, promulgate, herald. Antonyms: suppress, reserve, withhold, secrete, hush up.
announcement, n. proclamation, publication, advertisement, promulgation, manifesto, notice, pronunciamento annunciation. Antonyms: suppression, reservation, secretion.
announcer, n. proclaimer, herald.
annoy, v. molest, trouble, plague, hector, bother, vex, pester, aggravate, chafe.
annoyance, n. molestation, vexation, irritation, harassment; plague, nuisance, bore, torment, infliction, trouble, thorn.
annoying, a. troublesome, vexatious, carking.
annul, v. abrogate, nullify, rescind, invalidate, abolish, reverse, disannul, revoke.
annulment, n. abrogation, nullification, abolition, invalidation, revocation.
anointment, n. anointing, embrocation, unction; ointment, unguent.
anomalous, a. abnormal, irregular, aberrant, unnatural, exceptional.
anomaly, n. irregularity, abnormity, deviation.
another, n. Associated Words: vicarious, deputy, substitute, delegate, proxy, delegation.
answer, n. reply, response, rescript, repartee, rescription, rejoinder, retort; refutation, defense; solution.
answer, v. reply, respond, rejoin, retort.
answerable, a. liable, amenable, accountable, responsible; refutable. Antonyms: unanswerable, unaccountable, irrefutable.
answering, a. responsive, responsory, redditive (Gram.).
ant, n. emmet, pismire, formican; termite (white ant).
antagonist, n. opponent, foe, adversary, assailant, rival, foeman.
antagonistic, a. contradictory, repugnant, conflicting, renitent, adverse.
antecedence, n. priority, precedence, anteriority. Antonym: posteriority.
antecedent, a. anterior, preceding, prior, previous. Antonym: posterior.
anterior, a. prior, before, antecedent, previous.
antetype, n. prototype.
antic, n. caper, dido, trick, gambol, prank; clown, zany, harlequin, buffoon.
anticipate, v. expect, forestall, preclude, obviate.
anticipation, n. expectation, preclusion, preoccupation, foretaste, antepast, forethought.
antidote, n. counterpoison, alexipharmic, alexiteric; corrective, remedy, cure.
antipathy, n. aversion, enmity, dislike, hatred; contrariety, repugnancy.
antiquarian, n. antiquary, archaeologist.
antiquated, a. archaic, antique, obsolete, ancient, old-fashioned.
antique, a. archaic, old, antiquated, ancient.
antiquity, n. Associated Words: archaeology, paleography, paleology, paleontology.
antler, n. Associated Words: deciduous, troching, croche, burr, fraying, tyne, velvet.
antonym, n. counterterm.
anxiety, n. solicitude, apprehension, disquietude, foreboding. Antonyms: assurance, indifference, calmness, satisfaction, unconcern.
anxious, a. solicitous, apprehensive, concerned, worried. Antonyms: unconcerned, assured, indifferent.
apathetic, a. passionless, unfeeling, unconcerned, indifferent.
apathy, n. dispassion, indifference, unconcern, insensibility.
ape, n. simian, pongo; gorilla, chimpanzee, orang-outang, baboon, troglodyte. Associated Words: simian, simial, pithecoid, pithecan.
ape, v. imitate, mimic.
aphis, n. puceron, aphidian, plant louse; pl. aphides, aphidae. Associated Words: aphidian, aphidivorous, aphidophagous.
aplomb, n. self-possession, assurance.
apologizer, n. apologist, vindicator, defender, advocate.
apology, n. justification, extenuation, defense, vindication, amende honorable; makeshift, substitute, excuse.
apostasy, n. defection, unfaithfulness, renunciation, desertion (traitorous).
apostate, n. deserter, pervert, renegade, turncoat, backslider, runagate.
apparent, a. visible, perceptible; palpable, manifest, obvious, evident; seeming, ostensible, specious.
apparition, n. specter, ghost, phantom, wraith, phantasm, illusion, chimera, shade.
appeal, n. entreaty, application, petition; resort, recourse. Associated Words: appellant, appellate, appellancy, appellatory, appellee, appellor.
appealing, a. imploring, beseeching, entreating, supplicating.
appear, v. emerge; seem, look, loom, resemble.
appearance, n. emersion, emergence; phenomenon, phase, aspect, presence, look, air, semblance.
appeasable, a. placable, pacifiable, forgiving. Antonyms: unappeasable, implacable.
appease, v. conciliate, pacify, tranquilize, calm, propitiate, assuage, mollify, reconcile, placate, mitigate.
appeasement, n. pacification, propitiation, conciliation, reconciliation, placation.
appendage, n. concomitant, pendicle, adjunct, appanage, appurtenance, appendix, attachment.
appetite, n. desire for food, hunger; desire, appetency, craving, passion, appetence. Antonyms: inappetency, indifference, aversion, distaste.
appetizer, n. relish, zest, sauce.
applauders, n. pl. claque (hired applauders).
applauding, a. plauditory, plausive, acclamatory, cheering.
applause, n. acclamation, eclat, plaudit, acclaim, cheers. Antonyms: denunciation, decrial, hooting, derision.
apple, n. costard, codling.
apple of the eye. pupil.
apple-shaped, a. pomiform.
apple worm. codling moth.
appliance, n. device, apparatus, facility.
applicable, a. relevant, pertinent, apposite, germane, appropriate, befitting. Antonyms: inapplicable, irrelevant, inapposite.
applicant, n. candidate, petitioner, aspirant, suitor.
application, n. applying; use, practice, employment, exercise; relevancy; assiduity, persistency; request, petition, appeal, solicitation.
apply, v. utilize, employ, practice.
appoint, v. establish, prescribe, ordain, enjoin, assign, allot; deputize, depute, commission, delegate, nominate
appointment, n. deputation, commissioning, delegation; engagement, tryst; assignation; equipment, furniture.
apportion, v. allot, partition.
apportionment, n. allotment, partition.
appreciable, a. perceptible, discernible. Antonym: inappreciable.
appreciate, v. value, esteem, prize.
appreciation, n. valuation, estimation, esteem. Antonyms: depreciation, inappreciation.
apprehend, v. arrest, seize; understand, recognize, consider believe; anticipate, dread, fear.
apprehension, n. seizure; arrest; opinion, conception, belief, notion; understanding; fear, dread, anxiety, solicitude, alarm.
apprehensive, a. discerning, apt; fearful, anxious, worried.
approachable, a. accessible. Antonym: unapproachable.
appropriate, a. fitting, proper, applicable, apposite, pertinent, fit. Antonyms: See inappropriate.
approval, n. approbation, sanction, commendation, liking, indorsement. Antonyms: See disapproval.
approve, v. commend, sanction, countenance, favor, like.
apron, n. pinafore, tier; boot.
apt, a. fit, relevant, appropriate, germane, applicable, felicitous, pertinent, apropos; likely, liable; clever, intelligent, bright, deft. Antonyms: See inapt.
aptitude, n. proneness, propensity, leaning, proclivity, inclination. Antonym: inaptitude.
aptness, n. appropriateness, pertinence; intelligence, cleverness.
arbitrary, a. tyrannical, absolute, imperious, unrestrained, dictatorial.
arbitrator, n. arbiter, umpire, judge, referee.
arbor, n. bower, pergola, trellis.
arch, a. greatest, chief; cunning, roguish, mischievous, sportive.
arch, v. vault, concamerate.—n. concameration, fornication.
archaeologist, n. antiquary, antiquarian, paleologist.
archaeology, n. paleology.
archbishop, n. primate, metropolitan.
arched, a. vaulted, camerated, forniciform, fornicated.
archery, n. Associated Word: toxophilite.
archives, n. pl. public records, registers, muniments.
ardent, a. zealous, passionate, fervent, warm, enthusiastic, sanguine, vehement, impassioned; spirituous, alcoholic; fiery, hot, burning, flagrant, intense.
ardor, n. eagerness, zeal, heartiness, impetuosity, fervor, vehemence, empressement, intensity, warmth. Antonyms: indifference, apathy.
arduous, a. onerous, difficult, laborious, wearisome.
arena, n. amphitheater, ring, field.
arguable, a. debatable, disputable, moot, contestable.
argue, v. reason, plead, remonstrate, expostulate; contend, dispute, controvert, moot, discuss; prove, evince, betoken, indicate, imply, denote.
arguer n. reasoner, disputant, debater, controversialist.
argument, n. reasoning, controversy, argumentation, discussion, debate, dispute, disputation, polemic.
argumentative, a. ratiocinative; disputatious, polemical, controversial, dialectical.
arid, a. dry, barren, unproductive, parched, sterile; uninteresting, dull, unsuggestive.
aridity, n. dryness, drought, unproductiveness, sterility; dullness, unsuggestiveness.
arise, v. mount, ascend, rise; proceed, issue, spring, originate.
aristocracy, n. peerage, patriciate, nobility, patrician order. Antonyms: commonalty, yeomanry, proletariate, bourgeoisie, peasantry, rabble.
aristrocrat, n. patrician, noble, peer, grandee, lord.
aristocratic, a. patrician, noble, titled. Antonyms: plebeian, proletarian.
arm, n. brachium (upper arm), antibrachium (forearm); (bones of the arm) humerus, radius, ulna, epipodiale. Associated Words: akimbo, solen, cradle, triceps, chevron, brassard, pinion, discriminal, gesticulate, gesticulation, gesture, brachial, chelidon, elbow, biceps.
arm, n. branch; inlet (of the sea), fiord, firth, frith, cove, estuary; projection.
arm, v. equip (with weapons), fortify, strengthen.
armhole, n. scye (Cutter's term).
armor, n. mail, panoply, armature, armory, cuirass, jambeaux, corselet, hauberk.
armor-bearer, n. armiger.
armory, n. arsenal.
armpit, n. axilla.
arms, n. pl. weapons, armor, artillery, accoutrements, guns, ordnance; escutcheon, scutcheon, ensigns armorial, coat-of-arms.
army, n. troops, force, armament; host, legions, throng. Associated words: militia, military, strategy, logistics, generalship, tactics, regiment, squad, company, stratography, flank, barracks, bivouac, muster, caisson, ploy, ployment, deploy, deployment, van, mobilize, mobilization demobilize, demobilization, etat major, impedimenta, munitions.
army peddler. sutler.
aromatic, a. fragrant, redolent, balmy, spicy, savory.
arouse, v. excite, rouse, animate, stimulate, awaken, revive, inspirit.
arrange, v. dispose, range, classify, marshal, methodize; prearrange, devise, contrive, premeditate; adjust, settle, determine.
arrangement, n. disposition, distribution, collocation, classification; preparation, preconcertion, settlement, adjustment, agreement; economy, management, regulation. Antonyms: disarrangement, confusion, chaos.
arrest, v. apprehend; stop, check, restrain; stunt, dwarf.
arrest, n. apprehension, capture, detention; custody, duress; stoppage, restraint, interruption, hindrance, prevention. Associated words: capias, warrant.
arrogance, n. hauteur, superciliousness, insolence, haughtiness, lordliness, contumely.
arrogant, a. See haughty.
arrow, n. dart; matras. Associated Words: barb, ouabain, sagittal, sagittary, quiver, sheaf, belomancy.
arrowhead, n. Associated Words: cuneiform, sagittate.
arsenal, n. armory, magazine.
art, n. (fine arts) music, painting, sculpture, architecture, poetry, engraving; (liberal arts) grammar, logic, rhetoric, arithmetic, geometry, music, astronomy, the sciences, philosophy, history; craft, dexterity, clevernes, ingenuity, cunning, artifice. Associated Words: technical, paleotechnics, technics, technic, intransigeant, intransigeance, artist, artistic, artistry.
artful, a. designing, crafty, diplomatic, disingenuous, ingenious, dexterous, politic.
article, n. thing, commodity; portion, clause, stipulation, detail, item; contribution, piece, essay, feature.
articulation, n. joint; utterance, pronunciation, enunciation.
artifice, n. stratagem, finesse, craft, guile, subtlety, wile, machination, ruse, diplomacy.
artificial, a. factitious; feigned, affected, assumed, fictitious, counterfeit, spurious.
artisan, n. artificer, craftsman, mechanic, handcraftsman.
artist's workshop. studio, atelier.
artless, a. ingenuous, naive, guileless, simple, sincere, unaffected, undesigning.
artlessness, n. ingenuousness, naivete, guilelessness, sincerity, candor, innocence.
ascent, n. rising, ascension; elevation, height.
ascetic, n. hermit, recluse, eremite, anchoret, solitary. Antonyms: voluptuary, sensualist, sybarite, worldling, epicure, gormand.
ascribable, a. attributable, assignable, chargeable, imputable, referrible.
ascribe, v. attribute, assign, impute.
ascription, n. attribution, imputation.
ashamed, a. abashed, confused, mortified, disconcerted. Antonyms: unashamed, brazen-faced.
ashes, n. pl. cinders; lapilli. Associated Words: ashery, mortuary urn, spodomancy, leach.
ashes of barilla. pulverine.
ashy, a. ashen, cineraceous, cineritious, cinereous.
Asia, n. Associated Words: Asiatic, Asiaticism, Eurasian, Eurasiatic, Asian.
ask, v. inquire, question, interrogate, quiz, catechize; request, solicit, petition, supplicate, entreat, desire, beg, seek, beseech, crave, implore, importune, dun, apply; require, demand, expect, challenge, exact, claim; invite, bid.
askance, adv. sidewise, obliquely, askant, askew, asquint.
asker, n. petitioner, inquirer, questioner, solicitor, solicitant, suitor, supplicant, postulant.
askew, adv. awry, askance, asquint, obliquely, sidewise, askant.
asking, n. petition, solicitation, inquiry, quiz, interrogation, question, instance, entreaty, supplication, request, importunity, application, imploration, invitation.
aslant, adv. obliquely.
aspect, n. appearance, look; view, scene, prospect; position, posture.
aspiring, a. ambitious, emulous, aspirant.
asquint, adv. obliquely, awry, askance, askew.
ass, n. donkey, jackass. Associated Word: bray.
assail, v. attack, assault, oppugn; asperse, defame, vilify, malign.
assailant, n. assailer, aggressor, assaulter, antagonist.
assault, n. onset, onslaught, charge, aggression, assailing, invasion, incursion.
assault, v. attack, assail.
assaulter, n. assailant.
assay, n. Associated Words: docimology, docimacy, docimastic.
assemble, v. convene, congregate, gather, meet; muster, convoke.
assembly, n. concourse, congregation, assemblage, meeting; convention, convocation, congress, synod, diet, council, caucus, consistory, conclave, conventicle, conference; galaxy.
assent, n. consent, agreement, acquiescence, concurrence; placet. Antonyms: dissent, declension.
assent, v. concur, acquiesce, concede, yield, consent. Antonyms: dissent, refuse.
assert, v. affirm, state, say, aver, predicate, asseverate, maintain, declare.
assertion, n. affirmation, statement, declaration, averment
assertive, a. positive, peremptory, declaratory, affirmative
assets, n. pl. resources, property, effects, possessions.
assiduity, n. sedulity, diligence, sedulousness, perseverance
assiduous, a. sedulous, diligent, persistent, industrious, unremitting.
assign, v. allot, apportion, appoint; transfer, make over, convey: advance, adduce, specify.
assignment, n. transfer, conveyance; apportionment, appointment, allotment, allocation, emplacement; determination specification, adducing.
assish, a. asinine.
assishness, n. asininity.
assist, v. abet, cooeperate with, aid. See help.
assistance, n. aid, succor, relief, cooeperation, reinforcement, collaboration, subservience.
assistant, a. helping, auxiliary, subsidiary, cooeperating, adjuvant.
assistant, n. helper, auxiliary, aider, cooeperator, collaborator, coadjutor; abettor, aid, accessory, ally, adjuvant, adjunct, confrere, accomplice, confederate, subsidiary.
assisting, a. auxiliary, subsidiary, assistant.
associate, v. join, connect, affiliate; fraternize, consort, hobnob.
associate, n. companion, intimate, mate, fellow, consort, comrade, yoke-fellow, chum, crony, compeer; colleague, confrere, partner, collaborator, cooeperator.
association, n. affiliation, connection, intimacy, conjunction, combination, participation, collaboration, collusion, cooeperation, coadjuvancy; fraternity, sodality, syndicate, confraternity, league, corporation, guild. Antonyms: disassociation, disconnection.
assume, v. undertake; presume, presuppose, postulate, take for granted; arrogate, appropriate; affect, simulate, pretend, feign.
assumed, a. supposed, postulated; make-believe, pretended, feigned.
assuming, a. pretentious, presumptuous.
assurance, n. surety, promise; confidence, conviction, assuredness; effrontery, audacity, impudence; insurance.
astonish, v. amaze, stagger, astound, overwhelm, flabbergast (Jocular).
astonishing, a. amazing, astounding.
astonishment, n. amazement, surprise, wonder, flabbergastation (Jocular).
astraddle, adv. astride.
asylum, n. retreat, sanctuary.
Athanasian Creed. Quicunque, Quicunque vult.
athlete, n. gymnast, pancratist.
athletic, a. gymnastic, agonistic, pancratic; stalwart, muscular, able-bodied, brawny, lusty.
athletics, n. pl. gymnastics, athletism. Associated Words: agonistics, stadium.
atom, n. monad, molecule, particle, bit, iota, grain, scrap, scintilla.
atomic, a. molecular.
atonable, a. expiable. Antonyms: unatonable, inexpiable.
atone, v. expiate.
atonement, n. expiation, amends, reparation, propitiation.
atoning, a. expiatory, propitiatory.
at short notice. summarily, promptly.
atrocious, a. heinous, flagitious, nefarious, felonious, infamous, outrageous.
atrocity, n. heinousness, enormity, nefariousness, flagrancy, crime, outrage.
attach, v. affix, annex, append, subjoin; distress, distrain, seize.
attachment, n. devotedness, devotion, adherence; adjunct appendage, appurtenance; seizure, distress.
attack, n. assault, onset, aggression, onslaught, invasion, escalade, siege, descent, charge, bombardment, fusillade, allonge, oppugnancy; access, fit.
attack, v. assault, assail, invade, charge, beset, storm, besiege, bombard, waylay; impugn, censure.
attain, v. achieve, compass, gain.
attainable, a. achievable, compassable, practicable, obtainable.
attainment, n. achievement, culmination, acquisition, accomplishment, acquirement.
attend, v. guard, look after; accompany, escort; pay regard, heed, listen.
attendant, a. consequent, accompanying, concomitant, attending.
attention, n. heed, regard, advertence, vigilance, circumspection, consideration, alertness, watchfulness, notice; civility, courtesy, deference, devoirs, addresses. Antonyms: inattention, inadvertence, slight, disregard.
attentive, a. heedful, observant, intent, mindful, wary, alert, circumspect, watchful; courteous, deferential, considerate. Antonyms: See inattentive.
attest, v. corroborate, confirm, authenticate, certify, indorse, ratify.
attestation, n. corroboration, witness, authentication, ratification, confirmation.
at the same time. simultaneous.—adv. simultaneously.
attic, n. garret, loft, cockloft.
attitude, n. posture, position, pose.
attract, v. allure, entice, draw, decoy, interest, engage, induce. Antonyms: repel, repulse, alienate, deter.
attraction, n. allurement, fascination, charm, inducement, witchery, magnetism, enticement, lure. Antonyms: repulsion, repellence, repugnance, antipathy.
attraction, n. chemism, affinity (chemical attraction).
attractive, a. alluring, engaging, enticing, magnetic, prepossessing, personable, winning, mesmeric, taking, seductive, bewitching. Antonyms: unattractive, repellent, repulsive, forbidding, repugnant.
attributable, a. ascribable, imputable, referrible, assignable, traceable.
attribute, v. ascribe, impute, assign, refer, trace.
attribute, n. characteristic, peculiarity, predicate; symbol.
at variance. bickering, contending, at loggerheads, dissenting.
auction, n. vendue.
audacious, a. presumptuous, impudent, insolent, brazen, unabashed. See bold.
augur, v. portend, forebode, presage, indicate, betoken.
augury, n. divination, prophecy; omen, portent, auspice, sign.
august a. majestic, sublime, imposing, impressive, grand, pompous.
auspices, n. pl. protection, favor, guidance, patronage, charge.
auspicious, a. propitious. Antonym: inauspicious.
Austrian Parliament. Reichsrath.
authentic, a. genuine, trustworthy, authoritative, credible.
authenticate, v. verify, attest, confirm.
authentication, n. verification, attestation, confirmation.
author, n. creator, originator, father; litterateur, writer.
authority, n. dominion, jurisdiction, authorization, right; prestige, influence, ascendency, supremacy; precedent; justification, warrant; permission, sanction, permit, license, warranty; credibility, reliability, trustworthiness. Associated Word: purview.
authorize, v. empower, commission; sanction, warrant, justify, confirm.
authorless, a. anonymous.
autocracy, n. absolutism, despotism, dictatorship; self government, autonomy.
autocratic, a. absolute, despotic, arbitrary.
automatic, a. self-propelling, self-moving; involuntary, mechanical.
autopsy, n. necropsy, post-mortem examination.
auxiliary, n. assistant, coadjutor, helper.
avarice, n. cupidity.
avaricious, a. covetous, greedy.
average, a. medium, ordinary, mediocre, middling.
averse, a. disinclined, indisposed, reluctant, loath.
aversion, n. dislike, antipathy, disinclination, loathing, abhorrence.
avid, a. eager, greedy, desirous.
avidity, n. eagerness, greediness, intense desire.
avoid, v. evade, shun, elude, eschew, shirk, parry.
avoidance, n. evasion, eluding, eschewing, parrying.
awaken, v. wake, awake, rouse, arouse, excite.
aware, a. cognizant, conscious, apprised, mindful.
away, adv. hence, absent, gone, aside, off; (Colloq.) on, uninterruptedly.
awe, n. veneration, reverence.—v. overawe, intimidate.
awful, a. appalling, terrible, dreadful, frightful, grewsome, horrible, shocking, heinous, flagrant; awe-inspiring, majestic; (Slang) immoderate, great, serious, flagrant, egregious, excessive.
awfully, adv. fearfully, dreadfully; (Slang) very, excessively, extremely, exceedingly.
awkward, a. clumsy, ungraceful, bungling, maladroit, gawky, inelegant, ungainly, loutish, unskillful, unwieldy, uncourtly; embarrassing. Antonyms: graceful, dexterous, deft, courtly, elegant, adroit, clever.
awning, n. sun-shade, canopy, baldaquin, tilt.
awry, a. distorted, wry, crooked, asquint, askant, perverse.
ax, n. adz, mattock, broadax, battleax, dolabra, hatchet, poleax, bipennis.
axiom, n. truism; postulate.
axle, n. arbor, axletree, spindle (of a wheel), axis; gudgeon.
Baa, n. bleat, bleating.—v. bleat.
babble, v. prattle, gabble; murmur, purl. See talk.
babble, n. prattle, gabble, chatter, prating; murmur, purl.
babbler, n. prater, chatterer, prattler, tattler.
baby, n. infant, babe, suckling, nursling. See child.
baby, v. humor, fondle, indulge, coddle, pet, cosset.
baby, a. infantine, infantile, babyish.
babyhood, n. infancy.
bachelor, n. celibate.
bachelorhood, n. bachelorship, bachelorism, celibacy.
back, n. reverse; posteriors, fundament, buttocks, seat, rump, breech; ridge. Associated Words: supine, resupine, resupination, dorsigerous, dorsiferous, crick, dorsiparous, dos-a-dos, tergiferous, lumbago, notalgia, lumbar, aitchbone, loins, dorsicumbent.
back, a. posterior, dorsal, notal, tergal, neural; remote, distant, frontier; rear, reverse.
back, adv. backward, rearward; in arrear; in return, in restitution, in requital.
back, v. support, second, maintain, abet, subsidize, cooeperate, with; mount; indorse.
backbite, v. defame (clandestinely), malign, traduce, vilify, calumniate, scandalize.
backbiter, n. defamer, detractor, maligner, vilifier, slanderer, calumniator.
backbiting, n. defamation, vilification, traducement, calumny, slander (secret).
backbone, n. spine, spinal column, rachis, chine. Associated Words: vertebrae, Vertebrata, vertebra, vertebral spinal. See spine.
backbone, n. moral principle, steadfastness, stability, firmness, stamina.
backboned, a. vertebrate, vertebrated. Antonyms: invertebrate, invertebrated.
backdown, n. surrender, recession, withdrawal.
backhouse, n. outhouse, privy, necessary, water-closet, jakes, latrine (in camp or hospital).
backing, n. support, cooeperation, seconding, assistance, subsidy.
backing out. withdrawal, retreat, recession, retirement.
back out. (Colloq.) withdraw, retreat, resile, recede, retire.
backset, n. discouragement, setback, check, repulse, rebuff.
backslide, v. break faith, apostatize, retrograde, relapse, desert, fall away.
backslider, n. apostate, renegade, deserter, recreant, pervert.
backsliding, n. apostasy, defection, relapse, recidivism, recreancy, retrogradation.
backsliding, a. apostate, renegade, retrogressive, recidivous, recreant, unfaithful.
backward, a. retrograde, retrogressive, reverse, regressive; retrospective; reluctant, averse, loath, disinclined, unwilling; dull, inapt; late, tardy, delayed; undeveloped.
backwardness, n. reluctance, averseness, unwillingness, disinclination, hesitancy; inaptness, dullness; lateness, tardiness; undevelopment.
bacon, n. Associated Words: lardoon, bard, flitch, gammon, lard.
bad, a. evil, wicked, immoral, iniquitous, arrant, corrupt, depraved, sinful, base, demoralized, sinister, licentious, unprincipled, abandoned, graceless, vicious, incorrigible, unscrupulous, miscreant, reprobate, disreputable, rascal, scoundrel, profligate, knavish, naughty, malevolent, malicious, unrighteous, degrading, dissolute, libertine, hardened, wanton; injurious, prejudicial, pernicious, detrimental, baneful, unwholesome, baleful, deleterious, mischievous, noisome, malign, malignant, noxious, unpropitious, disadvantageous; offensive, serious, grave, severe, mortal; defective, imperfect, incompetent, inferior; untoward, depressing, unwelcome, adverse, grievous, unfavorable, inauspicious; infertile, inarable; barren, unproductive, worthless; hard, heavy, serious, irreparable, egregious; nefarious, felonious, infamous, villainous, heinous, flagrant, atrocious, flagitious.
badge, n. device, cognizance, emblem, ensign, brassard, cordon, star, insignia.
badinage, n. raillery (innocent), banter, persiflage, asteism.
badly, adv. poorly, unskillfully, wretchedly, grievously, imperfectly; very much; greatly.
badness, n. depravity, improbity, unscrupulousness, iniquity, immorality, turpitude, knavishness, villainy, peccancy, baseness, profligacy, venality, licentiousness, obliquity, pravity, degeneracy, viciousness, wantonness, criminality, libertinism, malevolence, incorrigibility, rascality, malignity, noxiousness, infamy, mischief.
baffle, v. foil, balk, checkmate, disconcert, frustrate, thwart, circumvent, nonplus.
bafflement, n. frustration, foiling, thwarting, circumvention, defeat, disconcertion.
baffling, a. disconcerting, frustrating, confusing, perplexing.
bag, n. sack, pouch, wallet, reticule, knapsack, pocket, cul-de-sac, haversack, portmanteau, poke, scrip, satchel, suitcase, quiver, valise, sporran, gunny sack; udder; cyst, vesicle, saccule, utricle, bladder.
bag, v. capture, entrap, catch.
baggage, n. luggage, traps.
baggage truck. lorrie, lorry.
baggy, a. unshapely, flabby.
bagpipe, n. doodlesack.
bail, n. security, surety, vadium.
bait, n. lure, enticement, inducement, temptation, decoy, allurement; kibblings.
balance, v. poise, librate; equal, counterpoise, counteract, counterbalance, countervail; adjust, equalize, square. Antonyms: unbalance, derange, preponderate.
balance, n. scales; equipoise, equilibrium, steadiness; surplus, excess, remainder, overplus; poise, equipoise; weighing, estimate. Antonyms: preponderance, deficit, deficiency.
balcony, n. gallery, terrace.
bald, a. hairless, polled; tonsured; unadorned, literal, undisguised, unvarnished, unqualified; uncorroborated, unsupported, glaring, mere.
balderdash, n. flummery, nonsense, jargon, fustian, moonshine, twaddle, fudge.
baldness, n. alopecia. Associated Word: alopecist.
balk, v. frustrate, baffle, foil, thwart, disappoint; jib.
balky, a. refractory, perverse, recalcitrant, contrary, stubborn.
ball, n. sphere, globe, orb, pellet; pome, pommel; base-ball, football, lacrosse, basket-ball, tether-ball; bullet, projectile, dejectile, missile; glomeration, conglobation; fandango (Mexico).
ballarag, v. (Slang) bully, threaten, browbeat, overbear, intimidate.
ballast, n. steadiness, self-control, equipoise, stability, judgment.
ballet, n. Associated Words: choreograph, choreographer.
ballet-dancer, n. danseuse, coryphee, figurante.
balloon, n. aerostat.
ballooning, n. aeronautics, aerostation, balloonery.
balloonist, n. aeronaut, aerostat, ballooner.
balm, n. unguent, ointment; mitigant, anodyne, assuager, nepenthe, balsam.
balmy, a. aromatic, odoriferous, sweet-smelling, odorous, balsamic.
bamboozle, v. (Colloq.) cheat, humbug, impose upon, dupe.
ban, n. announcement, notice; curse, anathema, denunciation, malediction, execration; interdiction, proscription, interdict, taboo.
ban, v. curse, anathematize, execrate; interdict, forbid, proscribe, taboo.
banal, a. commonplace, platitudinous, hackneyed, trite.
banality, n. platitude, commonplace.
band, n. fillet, fetter, manacle, shackle, gyve; cincture, girth, swaddle; belt, zone, cestus; bandage, link, bond, vinculum, withe; company, crew, troop, gang, coterie; cabal, clique, club, junto, league; orchestra.
band, v. league, confederate, unite, clique.
bandage, n. ligature, deligation, fillet; capeline, fasciation, fascia, spica.
bandage, v. deligate, swathe.
bandit, n. outlaw, brigand, footpad, highwayman, marauder, desperado.
bang, v. thump, cudgel, maul; slam; resound, reecho.
bang, n. thump, whack, rap, knock; clangor, clang.
banish, v. exile, expatriate, relegate; drive away, dismiss, expel.
banished person. exile, expatriate.
banishment, n. exile, expatriation, relegation, proscription, expulsion.
banister, n. baluster; pl. balustrade.
bank, n. mound, pile, ridge, dike, heap, drift, embankment, brink, shore, rivage, rim, brim, marge, strand; shallow, shoal, bar; levee; terreplein.
bank, v. embank, dike; pile up, heap up.
bankrupt, a. insolvent; depleted, impoverished. Antonym: solvent.
bankrupt, v. impoverish, ruin, break.
bankruptcy, n. insolvency. Antonym: solvency.
banner, n. flag, standard, gonfalon, ensign, oriflame, vexillum, banderole, colors, pavilion.
banquet, n. junket, regalement, feast.—v. feast, junket, regale.
banter, n. joking, jesting, pleasantry, badinage, chaff, raillery, persiflage, asteism.
banter, v. jest, chaff, rally, roast.
baptism, n. baptizing; parabaptism, pedobaptism; hypothetical, baptism. Associated Words: baptize, christen, font, baptistery, baptismal.
bar, n. obstruction, barrier, impediment, obstacle, barricade, hindrance; shoal, sandbar, bank; ingot; lever, pole, rod; tribunal, judgment-seat; jimmy, betty.
bar, v. debar, except, exclude; obstruct, restrain, hinder.
barbarian, a. barbarous, savage, rude, uncivilized.—n. savage.
barbarism, n. savagery, savagism; outrage, brutality, atrocity; vulgarism, impropriety (of speech), solecism.
barbarity, n. barbarism, barbarousness, inhumanity, brutality.
barbarous, a. uncivilized, barbarian, inhuman, truculent, brutal.
barber, n. tonsor. Associated Word: tonsorial.
barber's itch. sycosis.
bare, a. naked, nude, undressed, denuded, unveiled, exposed, undraped, in puris naturalibus; unadorned, bald, meager, unembellished, uncolored, unvarnished; empty, destitute, unfurnished; threadbare, pileworn, napless; meer, alone, sheer.
bare, v. denude, strip, divest, expose, undress, unmask.
barefaced, a. unmasked, undisguised, glaring, notorious; shameless, unabashed, brazen, audacious.
barefooted, a. unshod, discalced, discalceated.
bareness, n. nakedness, nudity.
bargain, v. stipulate, agree, contract, covenant; barter.
bark, n. cortex. Associated Words: cortical, corticate, corticiferous, corticiform, phleophagus, corticose, periderm, liber, decortication, decorticator.
bark, v. peel, flay, skin, decorticate; bay, yelp, yap.
barn, n. stable.
barrel, n. cask, cade, butt, puncheon, tierce, hogshead, keg, rundlet; (of wine) 31-1/2 gallons; (of flour) 196 pounds. Associated words: gauntree, cooper, bilge, stave, hoop, chine.
barren, a. sterile, agenestic, infecund, unprolific, unprocreant; unproductive, unfruitful, unfertile, effete, desert; unprofitable, fruitless, unremunerative, empty; stupid, dull, unimaginative, prosaic, devoid, uninspiring, uninteresting. Antonyms: prolific, fecund, virile, fruitful, fertile, teeming.
barrenness, n. sterility, infecundity, unprolificness, infertility. Antonyms: fecundity, prolificness, fertility.
barrier, n. obstruction, impediment, obstacle, hindrance, barricade.
barter, n. traffic, exchange, trade, business.—v. traffic, trade, exchange.
base, a. debased, impure, spurious, alloyed, counterfeit; low-minded, unworthy, ignoble, mean, servile, groveling; despicable, discreditable, disgraceful, venal; plebeian, obscure, untitled, unhonored.
base, n. basis, bottom, foundation, groundwork; pedestal; plinth.
baseboard, n. mopboard, scrubboard.
baseborn, a. plebeian.
baseless, a. unfounded, groundless.
basement, n. cellar. Associated Word: area.
bashful, a. over-modest, diffident, coy, shamefaced, sheepish, retiring.
bashfulness, n. modesty, diffidence, shyness, over-modesty.
basis, n. foundation.
bask, v. luxuriate, revel.
basket, n. hamper, creel, hanaper, pannier, corb, tumbril, dosser, canister, prickle, corf, bassinet, voider, flasket, punnet, wicker, wicker-work, scuttle.
basket-bearer, n. canephore, canephorus. (Gr. Antiq.)
bastard, n. illegitimate child, love-child, whoreson; mamzer (Mosaic law).
bastard, a. illegitimate, adulterine; spurious, false, counterfeit, supposititious.
bastardize, v. illegitimatize, Antonyms: legitimate, legitimatize.
baste, v. beat, cudgel, pound, pommel, buffet, thrash, maul, strike.
bat, n. club, cudgel; brickbat; cheiropter, vampire; racket; (Slang) blow, stroke, buffet; (Slang) spree, jollification.
batch, n. quantity, collection, lot, assortment.
bate, n. puer, grainer.
bath, n. ablution, lavement; bathroom, lavatory. Associated Words: balneal, balneary, balneography, balneology balneotherapy, laver.
bathe, v. lave, wash; foment; surround, envelop, enwrap, suffuse.
bathing, n. ablution, lavement.
baton, n. staff, wand, sceptre, truncheon.
batten, v. fatten.
batter, v. smite, pelt, assault; demolish, raze, shatter.
battle, n. engagement, fight, encounter, skirmish, contest, combat, tournament, strife.
battle array. battalia.
bauble, n. gewgaw, gimcrack, kickshaws, trinket, plaything.
bawdy-house, n. brothel.
bay, n. bight, frith, estuary, fiord, bayou; recess, alcove, sinus, oriel (bay window); bay-tree, sweet laurel; last resort, desperation; pl. honors, garland, renown.
beach, n. shore, strand, shingle, marge.
beached, a. stranded, aground.
beacon, n. balefire, signal fire; signal, pharos. Associated Word: pharology.
beadle, n. apparitor, summoner, servitor.
beads, n. pl. rosary; passementerie (beaded trimming); chaplet; wampum, suckanhock, peag.
beak, n. bill, nib, neb, mandible; prow, bow, rostrum. Associated word: cere.
beam, n. girder, joist; ray, gleam.
beam, v. gleam, shine, glitter, glisten, scintillate.
beaming, a. radiant, shining.
beanlike, a. fabaceous.
bear, n. Bruin; Ursus; Ephraim; cub, whelp; grumbler, growler, boor; musquaw.
bear, v. endure, tolerate, stand, undergo, brook, submit to, suffer, bear with; harbor, cherish, entertain; support, sustain, uphold; carry, convey, transport, waft; render, produce, yield; bring forth, teem; relate, refer, concern; press, push, oppress.
bearable, a. sufferable, tolerable, endurable. Antonyms: unbearable, intolerable.
beard, n. whiskers; goatee, mustache; awn, arista (beard of grain).
beard, v. defy, encounter, oppose.
bearded, a. whiskered; aristate, awned.
bearing, n. mien, carriage, port, demeanor, air, deportment; endurance, forbearance, long-suffering, toleration, sufferance; relation, connection, dependency; course, aim, direction; bringing forth, yielding.
bearish, a. discourteous, boorish, uncivil, rude; ursine, ursiform.
bear out. sustain, support, corroborate, confirm, uphold.
beast, n. brute; quadruped; monster, brute.
beastly, a. bestial, irrational, brutal; (Colloq.) abominable, disagreeable, nasty.
beat, v. forge, malleate, beetle, weld, hammer; belabor, maul, buffet, smite, flagellate, whack, pelt, strike; See whip; overcome, vanquish, surpass, conquer, eclipse, subdue, checkmate, rout, excel, outdo; cheat, swindle, defraud; throb, pulsate; pulverize, comminute, bruise, bray, triturate; perplex, pose, nonplus.
beat, n. throb, pulsation; round; superior.
beat, a. (Colloq.) exhausted, weary, fatigued, beaten.
beat back. repel, repulse, resist.
beaten, a. conquered, defeated, vanquished.
beating, n. flagellation, drubbing, flogging, fustigation, castigation, thumping, mauling, verberation, pommeling; pulsation, throb, throbbing, saltation; defeat, repulse; malleation, forging, welding.
beating, a. pulsating, throbbing, pulsatile.
beau, n. lover, sweetheart, gallant, swain, flame, cicisbeo, admirer, suitor, inamorato; dandy, popinjay, dude, fop, coxcomb, exquisite, blade.
beautiful, a. fair, lovely, handsome, comely, personable, beauteous, elegant, exquisite. Antonyms: homely, ugly, repulsive, unlovely, hideous, uncomely, inelegant.
beautify, v. embellish, adorn, grace, garnish.
beauty, n. loveliness, fairness, elegance, comeliness, pulchritude, grace, exquisiteness, charm, attraction. Associated Words: aesthetics, aesthetician, aestheticism, aesthete, aesthetic, esthetology, Apollo, Adonis, Venus, Hebe, Hyperion, Houri, Aphrodite.
becloud, v. dim, cloud, obscure, adumbrate, obfuscate.
becoming, a. appropriate, fit, seemly, befitting, comely. Antonyms: See unbecoming.
bed, n. berth, bunk, couch, cot; pallet, paillasse, mattress; cradle, trundle-bed; deposit, seam, vein, stratum. Associated Words: decumbiture, lectual, clinic, clinical, valance, alcove.
bedbug, n. chinch.
bedclothes, n. pl. Associated Words: floccillation, carphology, tilmus.
bedim, v. obscure, becloud, adumbrate, overcast.
bedlam, n. madhouse, insane asylum; babel, pandemonium.
bedroom, n. chamber.
bedsore, n. decubitus.
bedspread, n. counterpane, coverlet.
bed-wetting, n. enuresis.
beehive, n. beehouse, apiary, alveary.
bees, n. pl. Associated Words: apiology, apiculture, apiologist, apian, apiarian, apiarist, apivorous, hive, swarm, cerago, beebread.
beetle, n. mallet (heavy); scarabee, clock, coleopter, scarab. Associated Words:: coleopterist, coleopteral.
beetle, v. overhang, jut out, protrude, project.
befall, v. happen, supervene, betide, bechance.
befitting, a. suitable, proper, becoming, appropriate, seemly, meet, applicable, congruous.
before, prep. preceding, ahead of, anterior to, previously to, prior.
before death. ante-mortem.
before the flood. antediluvian, antediluvial.
before the war. ante-bellum.
befuddle, v. confuse, mystify, bewilder.
beg, v. beseech, supplicate, implore; ask alms.
beget, v. procreate, engender, generate, get.
begetter, n. procreator, generator, father.
beggar, n. mendicant, starveling, fakir, vagrant, eleemosynary, prog, tramp, bezonian, mumper, schnorrer (Jewish).
beggar, v. impoverish, ruin; exhaust, surpass, go beyond.
beggarly, a. indigent, destitute; despicable, pitiable, paltry.
beggary, n. mendicancy, indigence, penury, want, pauperism.
begging letter or drawing. screeve.
begin, v. commence; arise, spring, originate.
begin again. resume, recommence.
beginner, n. tyro, novice, neophyte, learner, apprentice, understudy, novitiate, probationer, catechumen, recruit.
beginning, n. commencement, inception, opening, outset, initiation, indication, incipience, nascency, incipiency, threshold, tyronism, novitiate; origin, source.
beginning again. resumption, recommencement.
begone, interj. avaunt.
beguile, v. insnare, mislead, lure, deceive, cheat; while away.
beguilement, n. imposition, deception.
behave, v. deport one's self, act, bear.
behavior, n. conduct, deportment, actions, demeanor.
behead v. decapitate, decollate, execute.
beheading, n. decapitation, decollation, execution.
behindhand, a. and adv. in arrears; dilatory, late, tardy, unpunctual.
beholden, a. obliged, indebted, bound.
beholder, n. spectator, witness, onlooker, eye-witness.
being, n. existence, entity. Antonyms: nonexistence, nonentity. Associated Words: ontology, metaphysics, ontological, ontologist.
belch, v. eruct, expel, throw up; eructate.
belching, n. eructation.
belfry, n. bell-tower, campanile. Associated Words: louver boarding.
belief, n. credence; persuasion, faith; conviction, assurance, confidence; tenet, dogma, creed, opinion, doctrine, cult, view, principle; intuition; superstition, fanaticism. Antonyms: doubt, disbelief, skepticism, misgiving, incredulity. Associated Words: credulous, incredulous, credulity, credibility, incredibility, gull, gullible, gullibility.
believable, a. credible.
belittle, v. decry, disparage, underrate, depreciate.
bell, n. campana, carillon, curfew, tocsin, gong. Associated Words: campanology, campanologist, peal, ring, knell, toll, chime.
bellicose, a. pugnacious, belligerent.
belligerent, a. at war, warring, militant; bellicose, pugnacious.
bell-ringer, n. sexton, campanologist.
bell-shaped, a. campaniform, campanulate, campaniliform.
bell-tower, n. belfry, campanile.
belly, n. abdomen, paunch; recesses, penetralia, depths.
belly-ache, n. colic, gripes, tormina, enteralgia.
belly-band, n. girth, surcingle.
belly-god, n. glutton, epicure, gourmand, sybarite, voluptuary.
belonging, n. appendage, appurtenance, adjunct concomitant, accessary, attribute.
below, adv. under, beneath, underneath.
below, prep. under, beneath, underneath; inferior to; unworthy of, unbefitting.
belt, n. girdle; girth, surcingle, cincture, cestus; zone; bandolier.
belt, v. encircle, begird, encompass, surround.
bemoan, v. lament, bewail, deplore.
bench, n. form; workbench.
bend, v. curve, flex, deflect, crook; direct, turn, apply; stoop, incline; yield, condescend.
bend, n. curve, deflection, crook, curvature, bight, coil, flexure, incurvation.
bendable, a. flexible, supple, lithe, pliable, pliant. Antonyms: See inflexible.
benefice, n. living (Eccl.); sinecure. Associated Words: advowson, simony, donative.
beneficent, a. benevolent, charitable, philanthropic, magnanimous, benignant.
beneficial, a. advantageous, salutary, profitable, useful, wholesome.
benefit, n. avail, profit, behalf, advantage, service.
benefit, v. help, conduce, avail, advantage, be useful to, do good to.
benevolence, n. beneficence, bounty, benignity, charity.
benevolent, a. benign, beneficent, bountiful, charitable, philanthropic.
benighted, a. unenlightened; belated.
bent, a. crooked, flexed, hooked; determined.
bent, n. leaning, bias, proclivity, tendency, predilection, predisposition.
benumb, v. stupefy, blunt, hebetate.
benumbed, a. torpid, unfeeling, stupefied.
bequeath, v. devise, will.
bequest, n. legacy.
berate, v. upbraid, rate, reprimand, censure.
berry, n. Associated Words: baccate, baccated, baccivorous, bacciferous, cocciferous, bacciform.
beseech, v. entreat, implore, adjure, supplicate.
beset, v. besiege, obsess, beleaguer, environ, encompass; perplex, harass.
besides, adv. moreover, furthermore, further, too.
besiege, v. obsess, environ, beset, beleaguer, encompass.
besieging, n. obsession.
best, a. supreme, consummate, superlative, crowning, incomparable, utmost.
bet, v. wager, stake.—n. wager.
betoken, v. foreshadow, portend, presage, foreshow, indicate, augur.
betray, v. seduce, mislead, delude, beguile, inveigle; reveal, disclose; give up treacherously, give over to the enemy, act the traitor, be false to.
betrayal, n. treason, treachery, perfidy; revelation, exposure; seduction.
betrayer, n. traitor, seducer; Judas.
betroth, v. affiance.
betrothal, n. affiance, betrothment.
better, n. upper hand, domination, advantage, control, superiority; improvement.
better, v. ameliorate, improve, emend, promote, reform, meliorate, amend.
betterment, n. amelioration, improvement, promotion, amendment, reformation.
between, prep. betwixt (Obsolescent).—a. interjacent, intervening.
betwixt and between. (Colloq.) so-so, mediocre, average, ordinary, indifferent.
bevy, n. (of birds) flock, covey; (of deer) herd; (of girls) group.
bewail, v. deplore, lament, bemoan, wail over.
bewilder, v. confuse, perplex, nonplus, obfuscate, confound, mystify, embarrass.
bewildered, a. perplexed, confused, mystified, nonplused, obfuscated.
bewildering, a. perplexing, confusing, puzzling, mystifying.
bewilderment, n. perplexity, confusion, mystification, obfuscation.
bewitch, v. charm, fascinate, captivate, enamor. Antonyms: disillusionize, repel, disabuse.
bewitchery, n. bewitchment, charm, fascination, witchery.
bewitching, a. enchanting, captivating, charming, irresistible.
bias, n. bent, proneness, predisposition, prejudice.
Bible, n. the Scriptures, the Word of God; (Catholic) Douay Bible, Vulgate; (Mohammedan) Koran. Associated Words: canonics, canon, canonical, anagogics, anagoge, exegesis, biblical, biblicist, bibliolater, bibliolatry, bibliology, biblist, bibliomancy, Hagiographa, hagiographer, hagiologist, hagiology, commentator, Heptateuch, Hexapla, Octapla, Apocrypha, Hexateuch, apologetics, concordance, synoptist, uncanonical, Homologoumena, Antilegomena.
bibulous, a. absorbent; intemperate, cup-loving, bibacious.
bickering, n. altercation, contention, wrangling, sparring, dissension, quarrel.
bid, v. offer, proffer; order, direct, enjoin, command; invite, ask; wish, greet, salute.
bidding, n. command, order, behest, dictation; offer, bid.
big, a. large, huge, bulky, massive, immense, gross, voluminous, capacious, extensive; pregnant; arrogant, overbearing, lordly, magisterial, pompous; bombastic, grandiose, grandiloquent, highflown, sesquipedalian, inflated, turgid.
bigamy, n. polygamy, polygyny.
big-bellied, a. abdominous, paunchy, pot-bellied.
bigness, n. size, bulk, largeness, magnitude, dimensions, volume, amplitude.
bigot, n. fanatic, zealot, dogmatist.
bigoted, a. dogmatic, narrow-minded, illiberal, intolerant.
bigotry, n. intolerance, dogmatism, narrow-mindedness.
bile, n. Associated Words: acholia, acholous, biliation, biliferous, cholecystis, Ibilious, cholagogue, choleric, choledology, fellinic, hypercholia, biliary, bilin, choleic.
bile, n. choler, bitterness:, anger, spleen, rancor, acrimony.
bill, n. circular, placard, dodger, poster, broadside, bulletin; invoice; statement; beak, nib, mandible.
billingsgate, n. vituperation, tirade, invective, ribaldry, abuse.
bill of fare. menu.
bin, n. crib, bunker, recepotacle.
bind, v. fetter, tie, fasten, secure, gird, confine, restrict, restrain; bandage, swathne; oblige, obligate, lay under, obligation; indenture, apprentice; confirm, sanction, ratify; swaddle. Antonyms: unbind, loose.
binding, n. ligature, ligsation, astriction, constriction bandage; obligation, reestraint, restriction; galloon swaddling.
binding, a. astringent, astrictive; obligatory, valid. Antonyms: optional, elective.
bird, n. (young) fledgeling, nestling; (one year old) annotine; squab; rara avris (rare bird).
bird-catcher, n. fowler.
bird-catching, n. fowling, birding.
birds, n. pl. Aves; Avifauma. Associated Words: ornithology, ornithologist, ornithological, ornithotomy, ornithography, ornithoid, ornitholite, ornithon, ornithophilous, game, ornithic, aviary, avicular, aviculture, covey, neossology paleornithollogy, taxidermy, taxidermist, preen, rookery, cote, hutch, coop, cage, avian, poult, auspice, ariel, mute, Mallophaga.
birr. n. whirring.
birth n. nativity; origin, beginning, nascency, genesis; extraction, lineage; (new birth) regeneration, renaissance, regenesis, palingenesis. Associated Words: natal, native, pre-natal, post-natal, ante-natal, abortion, congenital, connate, connascent, connascence, horoscope, genial, genethliac, genethlialogy, genethliacs, sooterkin, uniparous, biparous, pluriparous, viable, viability, primiparous, natality.
birthday poem. genethliac.
birthmark, n. naevus.
birthright, n. inheritance.
bisexual, a. hermaphrodite.
bishop, n. diocesan, prelate; suffragan, coadjutor, metropolitan. Associated Words: episcopal, episcopacy, bishopdom, episcopicide, crosier, chimere, episcopate, rochet, gremial.
bishopric, n. diocese, see.
bit, n. morsel, fragment, scrap, crumb; mite, ace, scintilla, particle, whit, iota, tittle, grain, atom, jot, molecule, speck, mote.
bit by bit. piecemeal.
bitch, n. slut; whore.
bite, v. champ, nibble, chew; sting, smart, tingle; take hold of, adhere; nip, blight, blast.
bite, n. mouthful; wheal.
biting, a. stinging, sharp, cutting, sarcastic, caustic, scathing, bitter, satirical, pungent, piquant; nipping, blasting; erosive, corrosive, acrid, mordant.
bitter, a. acrid, acerb; poignant, intense; calamitous, distressing, virulent, acrimonious; implacable.
bitterness, n. acridity, acerbity; gall, wormwood; poignancy, intensity, severity; rancor, malice, malignity, implacableness.
bizarre, a. fantastic, whimsical, grotesque.
blab, n. babbler, blabber, telltale.—v. tell, tattle.
black, a. sable, ebon, inky, Stygian, Cimmerian, lowering, murky; Ethiopian, Papuan, negro.
black, n. stain, smooch; Ethiopian, Papuan, negro.
black and blue. livid, ecchymosed.
black and blue spot. ecchymosis, suggillation.
black art. necromancy, conjuration, magic, sorcery.
blacken, v. darken, denigrate; begrime, besmirch, tarnish, discolor; defame, malign.
blackguard, n. scoundrel, rascal, villain, ruffian.
blackguard, a. vicious, scurrilous, opprobrious, foul.
blackguardism, n. ruffianism, scoundrelism, rascality; scurrility, billingsgate.
blackhearted, a. villainous, abandoned, reprobate, diabolical, base, depraved.
black lead. graphite, plumbago.
blackleg, n. (Colloq.) gambler, gamester (disreputable).
blackness, n. black, nigritude; atrocity, heinousness, depravity.
Black Sea. Euxine.
blacksmith, n. ironsmith, farrier, horseshoer. Associated Words: Hephestian, anvil.
blacksmith's shop. smithy, smithery, farriery, stithy, forge.
black vomit. melenemesis.
bladder, n. Associated Words: cystitis, cystic, cystocele, cystose, cystolith, cystotomy, lithotomy, lithotomist, endoscope, endoscopy, prostate, catheter, litholysis, utricular, lithotrity, lithotome, utriculate.
blade, n. leaf (of a plant), spire (of grass); buck, gallant, dandy.
blamable, a. culpable, censurable, reprehensible, blameworthy.
blame, v. censure, reproach.
blame, n. censure, reproach, reprehension, condemnation, stricture, animadversion, reproof; culpability, reprehensibility, demerit, wrongdoing, fault.
blameless, a. guiltless, irreprehensible, inculpable, unimpeachable, faultless, irreproachable.
blameworthy, a. censurable, blamable.
bland, a. suave, mollifying, affable, complaisant; soothing, emollient, demulsive, assuasive.
blandish, v. flatter, cajole, caress.
blandishment, n. cajolery, wheedling, caresses, blandiloquence.
blank, a. void, empty, unfilled; expressionless, vacant: confounded, nonplused, astounded; unmitigated, absolute, downright.
blarney, n. (Colloq.) blandiloquence, palaver, blandishment, cajolery, flattery.
blamey, v. flatter, cajole, palaver, wheedle, blandish.
blase, a. surfeited (with pleasure), sated, palled.
blasphemy, n. sacrilege, calumny, profanity.
blast, n. squall, gust; peal, blare, clang; explosion, discharge.
blast, v. blight, destroy; frustrate, ruin; explode, rend, open.
blasting, n. blighting, carbunculation; frustration, ruination.
blat, v. bleat.
blatant, a. brawling, clamorous, obstreperous, bawling braying.
blaze, n. flame.
blazing, a. flaming, ablaze, aflame. Antonym: smoldering.
blazon, v. emblazon; publish, display, exhibit.
bleach, v. etiolate, whiten, blanch.
bleaching, n. blanching, whitening, etiolation.
bleak, a. windswept, cheerless, raw, penetrating, desolate, dreary.
bleared, a. rheumy.
blearedness, n. lippitude, glama, epiphora.
bleed, v. exude.
bleeding, n. hemorrhage; phlebotomy, bloodletting, venesection. Associated Words: tourniquet, garrot, styptic.
blemish, v. deface, mar, disfigure, sully.
blemish, n. defect, fault, imperfection, eyesore, disfigurement, blot.
blench, v. flinch, recoil, shrink from.
blend, v. intermingle, fuse, merge, combine, mix, assimilate.
blend, n. mixture, merging, fusion, assimilation, synthesis.
blessing, n. benediction, benison, beatitude; boon, God-send.
blight, v. blast; ruin, frustrate, fowart.
blind, a. unseeing, sightless, purblind; oblivious, undiscriminating, inconsiderate, unmindful; unintelligible, illegible; obscure, intricate, involved.
blind, n. shade, curtain, screen; blinder, blinker; subterfuge, pretext, ruse, stratagem, pretense, feint sophistry.
blind alley. cul-de-sac, impasse.
blind gut. caecum.
blinding, a. obscuring.
blindness, n. sightlessness, anopsia, purblindness; amaurosis.
blink, v. wink; connive at, disregard, overlook.
bliss, n. felicity, transport, rapture, beatitude, happiness, ecstasy.
blissful, a. felicitous, ecstatic, rapturous, beatific.
blister, n. vesicle, pustule, pustulation, bleb; vesicatory, vesicant, epispastic, pustulant.—v. vesicate, pustulate.
blistering, a. vesicatory, epispastic, pustulant.—n. vesication, pustulation.
bloat, v. inflate, distend.
bloated, a. distended, turgid, intumescent, tumefied.
bloating, n. dilatation, intumescence, turgidity.
block, v. obstruct, blockade.—n. obstruction, obstacle, barrier.
blockhead, n. dolt, dunce, simpleton, ninny, numskull.
blood, n. lifeblood; gore. Associated Words: hematology, hemorrhage, hemal, hematic, plethora, anaemia, sanguification, sanguify, clot, corpuscle, styptic, hematosis, sanguiferous, hematin, sanguine, sanguineous, sanguinivorous, hematophobia, hyperaemia.
blood, n. blade, spark.
bloodhound, n. sleuthhound.
bloodless, a. exsanguineous, exsanguious, anaemic.
bloodletting, n. venesection, bleeding, phlebotomy.
blood of the gods. ichor.
blood poisoning. toxaemia, septicaemia.
bloodshed, n. carnage, massacre, slaughter, bloodshedding.
bloodsucker, n. leech, sanguisuge; (Slang) extortioner; vampire.
bloodthirsty, a. sanguinary, truculent, ferocious, cruel.
blood vessel. artery; vein; capillary. Associated Words: angiology, angiography, angiotomy, intrafusion, embolism, embolus, thrombosis, thrombolism, rete, hillus, endothelium, epithelium.
bloody, a. gory, sanguinary, exsanguined, blood-stained.
bloom, n. blossom, blow; prime, vigor, heyday, flush; fuzz, down.
blossom, n. flower, florescence, inflorescence, efflorescence, bloom, blow, anthesis.—v. bloom, blow.
blot, n. stain, blemish, smutch, smooch, reproach; erasure, obliteration.
blot, v. stain, spot, blur, blemish, sully, disgrace, tarnish, dishonor; efface, erase, delete, obliterate, expunge; obscure, eclipse.
blotch, n. eruption, blain, bulla, pustule, bleb; splotch, smutch, blot.
blow, n. blossom, bloom; whack, knock, thwack, rap, thump, assault, stroke; buffet, calamity, disaster, reverse, misfortune.
blow, v. blossom, bloom; pant, puff, gasp; spout; inflate, puff up, distend; explode, shatter; (Colloq.) boast, brag, bluster, vaunt, gasconade; rant, scold, censure.
blower, n. (Slang) braggart, boaster, vaunter.
blowhole, n. spiracle.
blow out. extinguish.
blow-out, n. (Colloq.) jollification, celebration, feast, merry-making.
blowpipe analysis. Associated Word: pyritology.
blue, a. azure, cerulean, cerulific, sapphire, sapphirine, amethystine, turquoise, ultramarine, sky-colored; livid, ecchymosed; rigorous, severe; (Colloq.) melancholy, downhearted, depressed, despondent, dejected, low-spirited, dispirited, hypochondriac, chapfallen, gloomy, (Colloq.) gloomy, inauspicious, dismal, depressing; (Colloq.) pedantic, literary.
blue, n. azure, amethystine, sapphirine, cerulean; cyanin, anthokyan, anthocyanin.
blue jaundice. cyanopathy, cyanosis.
blues, n. pl. (Colloq.) despondency, melancholy, dismals, vapors, depression, blue devils, hypochondria, dumps, megrims.
bluff, a. abrupt, unceremonious, brusque; gruff, surly; precipitous, steep, abrupt.
bluff, v. (Colloq.) frighten, deter, intimidate.
blunder, n. bull, error, mistake, impropriety, slip, solecism, faux pas.
blundering, a. bungling, awkward, stupid, floundering.
blunt, a. dull, obtuse; abrupt, brusque, unceremonious, uncivil, ungracious, discourteous; stupid, stolid.