[No. 168. Rembrandt Leaning on a Stone Sill]
No. 168. Rembrandt Leaning on a Stone Sill
Rembrandt and His Etchings
A Compact Record of the Artist's Life, his Work and his Time. With the Complete Chronological List of his Etchings Compiled by A. M. Hind, of the British Museum
Louis A. Holman
Charles E. Goodspeed & Co., Boston 1921
REMBRANDT AND HIS ETCHINGS COMPLETE CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF THE ETCHINGS OF REMBRANDT LIST OF THE REJECTED ETCHINGS
No. 168. Rembrandt Leaning on a Stone Sill No. 116. Two Tramps. No. 1. Rembrandt's Mother. No. 210. Omval. No. 290. Jan Lutma, Goldsmith and Sculptor. No. 183. Jacob and Laban (?). No. 228. Jan Six. Tobias and the Angel. By Hercules Seghers (No. 266). The Flight into Egypt. No. 129. Old Woman Sleeping.
REMBRANDT AND HIS ETCHINGS
[No. 116. Two Tramps.]
No. 116. Two Tramps.
"A fair & bewtiful citie, and of sweete situation" and famous for "ye universitie wherwith it is adorned;" such was Leyden as the fresh eyes of the youthful William Bradford saw it when the little company of English exiles, later revered as the Pilgrim Fathers, sought asylum in Holland. The fame of Leyden was to be further perpetuated, although Bradford knew it not, by one who had but just been born there when the English pilgrims came to the friendly university town; one who has added to the fame of his native place chiefly because he did not attend that university, which seemed so attractive to young Bradford. The father of this boy determined that he should have a collegiate education that he might sometime hold a town office, and fondly hoped that he was preparing him for it (in, perhaps, the very schools attended by the English children), when the lad made it clear to all men that he had no head for Latin and a very decided talent for drawing. So it came to pass that at the time Bradford and his friends set their faces toward America, and per-force turned their backs upon that "goodly & pleasante citie which had been ther resting place near twelve years," Rembrandt Harmens van Rijn, the youngest son of a miller of Leyden, turned his face, too, from the old toward the new. They sought liberty to live and to worship according to the bright light in their hearts: he, too, sought liberty to follow in a no less divinely appointed path, impelled thereto by an irresistible force which, after half a century, retained all its early vigor. They broke from the ways of their fathers and bore an important part in the development of the great American nation; he emancipated himself and his art from the thraldom of tradition and conventionality and became the first of the great modern masters of art.
The twelve-years' truce between the humiliated Dons and the stocky Dutchmen was now nearing its end, and Bradford says, "There was nothing but beating of drumes, and preparing for warr." This was one of the reasons why the peaceable Pilgrims sought a new home beyond the sea. But Rembrandt, already absorbed in his art-studies, saw nothing, heard nothing of these preparations; his ears were deaf to the drum-beats, his eyes were seeing better things than the "pride, pomp and circumstances of glorious war". There can be no question about his utter lack of interest in things military. When, at long intervals, he tried war-subjects (as most men sooner or later try their hand at the thing they are least fitted for) he failed pitifully. He could create a masterpiece of a "Man in Armor," or a "Night Watch," where the problems were purely artistic, and swords and flags were simply bits of fine color, but the painting or etching that breathed the actual spirit of war he could not produce. There is matter here for rejoicing. War and her heroes have had their full quota of the great artists to exalt their work. And now comes one who loved the paths of peace. With brush and etching-needle he made record for all time of the dignity and rare beauty which he found in ordinary hum-drum walks of life. We may even say that he exalted doctors and artists, housemaids and shopkeepers, yea even the very street-beggars, into such important personages that their portraits are still eagerly sought after by the great ones of the earth. It was during the lifetime of Rembrandt (1606-1669) that much of the wonderful development of Holland took place. She had come to her greatness gradually, but by the middle of the seventeenth century she occupied a leading place among the independent nations of Europe. Great discoverers, like Henry Hudson, had given her new dominions east and west, and colonization had begun. On the sea her flag was supreme; her merchant marine, going to and from her own possessions was seen in every port of the world; her admirals, Ruyter and Tromp, had won her an illustrious place forever in the annals of naval warfare. These were the days of Milton and Ben Jonson; of Cromwell, Gustavus Adolphus and Richelieu; of Murillo, Rubens and Van Dyck—days when Holland had within her own borders such men as Barneveld, the great statesman; Grotius, the father of international law; Spinoza, the philosopher and John de Witt, the Grand Pensioner—besides that noble group of artists: Hals, Cuyp, Ruysdael, Potter, Steen and Ostade. These days, too, saw the settling of many states in America, the founding of Quebec, New York and Boston.
Strangely apart from all these history-making movements, and from his peers among men, dwelt Rembrandt, the great master, in Amsterdam, serenely happy to-day in painting a portrait of his loved Saskia, to-morrow in etching the features of a wandering Jew. He had given himself, body and soul, to his art, and no man or movement of men could distract him from his work. Year by year his busy brain and dexterous hand produced paintings, etchings, drawings, in slightly varying proportion, but always in amazing quantity. For his forty-one productive years we find to his credit the average annual output of thirteen paintings, nine etchings, and thirty-nine drawings. And these numbers would be materially greater, doubtless, had we a full record of his work.
A few decades ago the ordinary person thought of Rembrandt only as a great painter; that time has fortunately passed. Modern engraving methods have made it possible to spread broadcast reproductions of his etched work. Thanks to these mechanical engraving-processes some of Rembrandt's etchings are now familiarly known and, to a degree at least, they are appreciated. No reproduction, however, can ever give the subtle quality of the original, and a revelation comes to one who looks for the first time on some brilliant, early impressions of his famous plates. The ink is still alive; the Chinese or Japanese paper which Rembrandt generally used, has sometimes gone very yellow and spotted, but oftener it has the fine mellowness of age. We treat it with respect, almost with reverence, for we recall that these very sheets of paper were dampened and laid upon the etched plate, already prepared by the hands of the great etcher himself. Each impression he pulled was as carefully considered as the biting of the copper plate. He varied the strength of the ink, the method of wiping, the pressure used; knowing the possibilities of his plate, he so manipulated it that it responded to his touch as a piano responds to the touch of a musician. The poor impressions and very late states, of which, unfortunately, many exist, are generally the work of those mercenary ones into whose hands the plates fell after his death—sometimes even before. Like a man with no music in his soul attempting to improve upon a sonata by Beethoven, these people not only printed, haphazard, poor impressions having the master's name, but sometimes even undertook to rearrange the composition and often to rework the plate.
[No. 1. Rembrandt's Mother.]
No. 1. Rembrandt's Mother.
A hundred years before Rembrandt's time acid had been used to help out the graver. Durer, among others, used it, and he employed also, but in hesitating manner, the dry-point with its accompanying burr. Rembrandt's method of utilizing the roughness thrown up on the copper by the dry-point needle was a development of its possibilities that no one else, even among his own pupils, has ever equaled. It was much the same with everything else: the burin of the professional engraver he handled so skilfully that it is impossible to tell where the acid or the dry-point work stopped and the reinforcing work of the graver began. When others tried to combine these methods they failed. The hand of Rembrandt was the obedient servant of his mastermind: so well trained was it that with a preliminary sketch or without it, the needle produced on the smoked wax surface of the copper the picture which floated before him, so correctly that the brain was not diverted from the ideal picture by any crudity in the lines. If the tools, methods, and effects which the great engravers had used suggested anything to him, he freely took them up and bent them to his will. Making free use of all, binding himself to none, he always remained the versatile, independent student. And the strangest thing about it all is that he appears to have recognized, grappled with, and forever solved the problems of the art while nothing but a youth. One of the two etchings which bear the earliest date (1628) and signature is known as "Rembrandt's Mother: Head and Bust" (No. 1.) It is a delightful little plate, drawn with all the skill and freedom of a practiced hand. Frederick Wedmore, an English authority on etching says that "nothing in Rembrandt's work is more exhaustive or more subtle," and S. R. Koehler, an American authority, called it "a magnificent little portrait, complete artistically and technically," and very truly refers to it as "a prefiguration of what was to come." A man of twenty-two years already a master-etcher!
[No. 210. Omval.]
No. 210. Omval.
This etching measures just about two and a half inches square. There are others about the size of a postage-stamp, while the largest one, "The Descent from the Cross" (No. 103), is twenty-two by sixteen and a half inches. The amount of labor on these large plates is overpowering, while the workmanship in the smaller ones is almost unbelievably fine—think of a child's face not over one-eighth of an inch wide, and hands less than a sixteenth of an inch across, yet really eloquent with expression!
Rembrandt accepted the assistance of his pupils, as who among the old masters did not? He was, however, not practical enough to profit much by them: he could work to much better advantage alone. Among his thirty or forty pupils Ferdinand Bol, who came to his studio when only sixteen and stayed for eight years, gave his master most assistance. Bol's rendering is at times very much like Rembrandt's. Some critics think, for instance, that he etched most of the "Goldweigher" (No. 167) and "Abraham Caressing Isaac" (No. 148); both, however, are signed by Rembrandt. When these pupils established studios of their own, they made free use of their old master's compositions, subjects and figures.
With Jan Lievens, his fellow student at Lastman's studio, with van Vliet, Roddermondt and other engravers and etchers of the time, Rembrandt was on terms of great intimacy. They appear often to have worked on the same plate, and to have borrowed each other's ideas "without let or hindrance." Indeed, it is hard to comprehend the extent to which exchange of ideas was carried at that time. Here is a good illustration of the way things went without protest of any sort being raised. Hercules Seghers etched a large landscape with small figures, after a painting by Adam Elzheimer and an engraving by Count de Goudt, entitled "Tobias and the Angel." This copper plate came into Rembrandt's possession; he burnished out Tobias and his companion, and replaced them by Joseph, Mary and the Holy Child (No. 266). To cover the erasure he added foliage, but the wing of the angel, the outlines of a leg and various other unused portions of Tobias can still be seen. Rembrandt's reason for bothering with this plate is incomprehensible. He improved it, undoubtedly, but the composite result is exceedingly commonplace and reflects no credit upon any one. John Burnet, the etcher-author, has drawn attention to the fact that the figure of Christ in "Christ at Emmaus" (No. 282) is taken from one by Raphael, who is known to have borrowed it from da Vinci, and it is thought da Vinci, in his turn, got it from a former master. Rembrandt borrowed also from Rubens, Titian, Mantegna, his pupil Gerard Dou, Van de Velde and others. Many of his contemporaries and successors extended toward him the same sort of flattery.
More than half the subjects of Rembrandt's etchings are portraits and studies of the human figure; about one-quarter are scriptural or religious. There are two dozen landscapes, and the remainder are allegorical and fancy compositions. We find then the two most productive sources of his inspiration were the men of his day and the men of the Bible. This book appears to have been the only one he knew at all well, but of it he made excellent use. Despite the incongruities of his Biblical compositions, despite the broad Dutch features, the modern, gorgeous apparel and side-whiskers of the patriarchs, the pugilistic proportions of his angels, his etchings have a truth and vital force that there is no withstanding. Perhaps the very fact that he clothed his people in a fashion that he knew well made his pictures the more successful in reaching the hearts of men. In the all too realistic "Abraham's Sacrifice" (No. 283), in "Joseph's Coat Brought to Jacob" (No. 104), in the naive "Rest on the Flight" (No. 216), and many, many others, the story-telling quality is exceeding strong and the artistic work above criticism. When we look at "David in Prayer" (No. 258), beside his incongruous four-post bedstead, we cannot but feel that here penitence and sincerity is forcefully depicted. The acme of Rembrandt's religious work was reached, however in "Christ, with the Sick Around Him" (No. 236) (etched about 1650), which is often called the finest piece of etched work that has ever been produced. It is a combination of pure etching and dry-point, and in the second state, there is an India-ink wash in the background. There are, I think, nine copies of the first state extant; the last one sold at public auction (Christie's, 1893) brought over $8,500. While the Christ here is not so satisfying as the one in "Christ Preaching" (No. 256) which is remarkably strong and noble, it is Rembrandt's typical conception of our Lord—always ministering to real flesh and blood, the poor, suffering, common people. What a striking contrast with the resplendent artificiality which surrounds the Christ of the Italian masters.
[No. 290. Jan Lutma, Goldsmith and Sculptor.]
No. 290. Jan Lutma, Goldsmith and Sculptor.
Rembrandt was his own most frequent model. He painted about sixty portraits of himself, and among his etchings we find about two score more. Some of them are large and finished, as the deservedly popular "Rembrandt Leaning on a Stone Sill" (No. 168), which is a perfect example of the possibilities of the etching-needle; others are mere thumb-nail sketches of various expressions of face. He used his mother many times, and also his wife and son. In all these is apparent a delightful sense of joy in his work. Nor is this desirable quality lacking in the wonderful series of large portraits of his friends: the doctors, the ministers, the tradesmen of Amsterdam. Perhaps these were pot-boilers, as some students of his work say, but surely never artist before or since produced to order a group of etchings that, taken entirely apart from his other plates would assure their author a high place among the greatest etchers. In the whole lot there are few that some authority on etching or some great artist has not held up as an example of work that even the master himself never surpassed. But an artist cannot always keep himself at concert pitch and when Rembrandt etched the portrait of his friend "Abraham Francen" (No. 291) I feel that he struck an uncertain, almost false note, unworthy of himself. We might, perhaps, account for this by saying, that it was done in 1656, the year of his bankruptcy were it not that the noble "Jan Lutma" (No. 290) which competes with the "Jan Six" (No. 228) for the place of masterpiece of the entire series, was made the same year. But he was an unaccountable sort of man who could produce in a poor, naked studio, with untold trouble stalking him on all sides, such an etching as the "Lutma," such a painting as the "Syndics of the Draper's Guild," both of which rank with the best products of his happy, care-free years of luxury.
It is noticeable that Rembrandt had no sittings from persons of high rank. So far as I can find "Burgomaster" is the most exalted title that can with certainty be given to any of his patrons. The reason is not far to seek. Rembrandt was not a courtier like Van Dyck and Rubens; he was too independent and too busy to spend time kow-towing to society. A contemporary says of him, "When he painted he would not have given audience to the greatest monarch on earth." He calmly set at nought established principles and conventional rules, in etiquette as well as in art, and followed the bent of his genius with absolute disregard for the opinions of his fellows. The story of "Night Watch" is characteristic of Rembrandt and shows the whole situation in minature. The members of Captain Banning Cocq's Company of the Civic Guards were flattered by the offer of Rembrandt, then at the height of his fame, to paint their portraits. The sixteen members destined to figure in the picture gladly subscribed one hundred florins each, and great were their expectations; but even greater their disappointment when the picture was placed on view. All but a half-dozen felt that they had a distinct grievance against the painter. Had they not paid for portraits of themselves? And they got—what? Here a face in deep shadow, here one half-hid by the one in front, here one so freely drawn as to be unrecognizable. The artist had made a picture, to be sure—but their portraits! Where were their portraits—the portraits they had paid for? Rembrandt had thought out every inch of his picture: he was sure it could not be better, and change it he would not. The resentment was bitter and deep, and the Civic Guards in future bestowed their favors elsewhere.
There were, however, some fellow citizens who recognized his genius and sincerity. These stood by him. Samuel Manasseh ben Israel, whom Cromwell honored, was his neighbor on the Breedstraat, and an intimate friend. Then there were Jan Sylvius and Cornells Anslo, the Protestant ministers; Fan Asselyn and Clement de Jonghe, who were artists; Bonus and Linden, the physicians; Lutma, the goldsmith, and young Jan Six, "Lover of science, art and virtue." These and a few others are known and honored to-day chiefly because they were Rembrandt's friends. His recognition of their faithulness to him was shown in a much more permanent form than they knew. Good impressions of his etched portraits of these men are still to be seen. They are, like all his etchings, rapidly increasing in value. A "Jan Six" sold recently for over $14,000; an "Ephraim Bonus" (No. 226) for $9,000. To possess such a portrait of an ancestor is little short of a patent of nobility. The Six family of Amsterdam happily have not only Rembrandt's oil-portraits of the Sixes of his day, but also good impressions of the etching of the burgomaster, and even the plate itself—that famous dry-point plate, which the artist worked on for weeks, and which his critics have worked over ever since. Some of these critics hold that even Rembrandt should not have attempted such complete tonality in an etching, that Jan Six urged him to it, and that, in short, as an etching, it comes near to the failure line. Other critics believe that the artist's idea was to show the utmost extent to which the art could be carried, and that in so doing he produced a masterpiece. Middleton, for instance, thinks that "it is not possible to conceive a move beautiful and more perfect triumph of the etcher's art." Few, it is safe to say, can see a good impression of an early state of this portrait without being struck by its great originality and beauty, and upon closer study, I feel a fair-minded person will inevitably fall under the spell of the wonderfully drawn face and hands, the deep, transparent shadows, and the soft, tender light which envelopes the whole.
[No. 183. Jacob and Laban (?)]
No. 183. Jacob and Laban (?).
[No. 228. Jan Six.]
No. 228. Jan Six.
[Tobias and the Angel. By Hercules Seghers]
Tobias and the Angel. By Hercules Seghers
[(No. 266). The Flight into Egypt.]
(No. 266). The Flight into Egypt.
Although Rembrandt had a few such cultivated friends as those mentioned above, it was said of him by a contemporary German painter that "his art suffered by his predilection for the society of the vulgar." It certainly would have been more profitable for Rembrandt if he had always portrayed people of position and wealth, but that his art suffered because he many times used beggers for models it would be impossible to show. An interesting series of tramps, peddlers and outcasts began with the beginning of his career as an etcher, and ended twenty years later with the production of one of his most popular plates, "Beggars Receiving Alms at the Door of a House," (No. 233) a very freely handled, splendidly composed etching, in which surprisingly few lines judiciously placed do the work usually allotted to double their number. A little plate of less than four square inches, entitled "The Quacksalver," (No. 139), strikes me as the masterpiece of this series. Although Van de Velde is supposed to have given Rembrandt the idea for his drawing, his genius made it his own in realism and movement, and in its beauties of line, color and texture. "An Old Woman Sleeping" (No. 129)), although scarcely to be included in this series, is another that has wonderful spontaneity. This is no posed model, but one who has actually fallen asleep over her book; Rembrandt sees her, and before her "forty winks" are over, she is immortalized, and probably she never knew it. About 1640 Rembrandt began etching landscapes. They are free and simple in composition and treatment and show even greater force and more suggestive power than those that he painted. Practically all of his two dozen landscape plates hold undisputed first rank. They always have and probably always will. In "Landscape with Trees, Farm-buildings and a Tower" (No. 244), the tower is "ruined" in the third state. A first state print at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts shows the tower in good preservation. One of these prints sold at auction not long ago for over $9,000. Another of the exceedingly satisfactory etchings in the series, one that has exercised a great influence on landscape etching all the world over, is "Omval" (No. 210). Its creator seemed fond of the fine old tree in this plate. He used it several times elsewhere. "Six's Bridge" (No. 209) which is almost pure outline, and the "Three Trees" (No. 205), with its great sweep of flat country, have a right to all the praise showered upon them. They, too, are masterpieces.
While Rembrandt's genius made itself manifest in his landscapes, it surely is absent from most of his animal drawings. We must remember that if he ever went outside of Holland it was for a few months to the east coast of England, and that the opportunity for studying any great variety of animals in either place was not great. His horses, asses, hogs, etc., improve as the years advance. The little dog with the collar of bells is well drawn. He, undoubtedly, was a member of the family.
It is an interesting fact, at a time when the illustrating of books and magazines is such an important art, to know that Rembrandt was offered and accepted some commissions to make illustrations for books. These attempts to give form to another's ideas were not successful—in one case it was such a failure as to leave it still uncertain what he intended to illustrate. Vosmaer, his great biographer, says that this print "The Ship of Fortune" (No. 106), pictures incidents in the life of St. Paul, while Michel, another biographer, thinks that it illustrates events which gather about Mark Anthony and the battle of Actium!
A score of men—Bartsch, Wilson, Blanc, Middleton, Rovinski, to mention a few—have at sundry times and in divers places compiled annotated catalogues of Rembrandt's etchings. They, and other students like Vosmaer, Haden, Hamerton and Michel, have given years to study and travel in connection with their books on Rembrandt. All lovers of etching appreciate this and are grateful. Nevertheless, it is amusing sometimes to compare their expert testimony. About 1633 somebody etched a "Good Samaritan." Several of these experts regretfully, but frankly, admit that Rembrandt is the guilty one. Others are sure that a pupil did the worst of the work; Haden says it is entirely the work of another hand; while yet another declares that of all Rembrandt's etchings this particular "Good Samaritan" (No. 101) is his favorite. Middleton, to give another instance, thinks that the thick lines from top to bottom, in the fourth state of the "Christ Crucified between Two Thieves," ("The Three Crosses") (No. 270) are not Rembrandt's work, for they serve "to obliterate, conceal and mar every excellence it had possessed." Haden, however, considers that the time of darkness is represented, and that this particular state is far the finest in effect. Much confusion arises from the fact that sometimes all the states of a plate under discussion are not known to each critic. The whole matter of states is a confusing one. The old idea was that Rembrandt produced various states in order to make more money. But it seems plain now that when Rembrandt changed a plate it was for much better reasons than the making of a few guilders. We know, for instance, that the "Jan Six" plate was changed twice to make needed corrections, and that the second state of the first portrait of his mother simply carries out the original design. On the other hand, it obviously could not have been Rembrandt who made the third state of the "Jan Lutma," with its hard, ruled lines and great unnecessary window.
If in the days of hardship, when his son, Titus, peddled his etchings from door to door, he could have foreseen the great army of admirers who three centuries later should outbid each other at auctions, and make war in print over his experimental plates, his failures and his trial-proofs—now often exalted into "states"—the very irony of the thing would surely have brought him genuine satisfaction and relaxation.
Rembrandt has said of himself that he would submit to the laws of Nature alone, and as he interpreted these to suit himself, he cannot be said to have painted, or etched, or done anything in accord with our interpretation of recognized or well-grounded laws. With him it was instinct, pure and simple, from youth to old age. He had no secret process of painting or etching; but he had an amazing genius for both.
One October day in 1669 an old man, lonely and forgotten, died in Amsterdam. They buried him in the Wester Kerk and, that he might not be confounded with some other old man, they wrote in the "Livre Mortuaire" of the Kerk, "Tuesday, 8th oct., 1669, rembrant van rijn, painter on the rozengraft, opposite the doolhof. leaves two children."
Of material things he left little; but the two children: Cornelia, his fifteen year old daughter, and Titia, the posthumous, infant child of Titus, would keep his name alive! Less than a score of years and the family record comes to an abrupt end. No one to-day may claim descent from Rembrandt, but his name has not perished from the earth, nor his influence abated among the sons of men. His name took on new life when he laid it aside; his influence strengthened when he ceased personally to exercise it. Who of us is not his grateful heir? Who does not now do loving reverence to this poor "painter on the rozengraft, opposite the doolhof?" He surely stands among the immortals, one of the foremost painters of all time, the greatest etcher that has yet appeared.
NOTE—The foregoing article was published a few years ago in The Craftsman. Of the many commendations received at that time we print but one:
"New York, Dec'r. 5, 1906. Dear Mr. Holman; *** I send you my special thanks for your article on the etchings of Rembrandt. I have read it carefully, and let me say plainly that I think is the best short treatise on this great subject which ever I have read. The knowledge of the subject as treated by many writers is so superficial—but yours is profound. You have evidently made a serious study of your subject. Yours very truly,"
(Signed) Frederick Keppel.
[No. 129. Old Woman Sleeping.]
No. 129. Old Woman Sleeping.
COMPLETE CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF THE ETCHINGS OF REMBRANDT
Here re-printed from Hind's Rembrandt's Etchings (London, 1912) by special arrangement with the publishers, Methuen & Co.(1)
h.—head b.—bust r.—right l.—left S.—signed D.—dated ab.—about R.—Rembrandt Imp.—impression I S., V S., etc.—first state, fifth state, etc. 2 S., 7 S., etc.—two states, seven states, etc. When no number of states is given there is but one. Mod.—Modern impression. (This does not count as a state.) †—of doubtful authenticity. [only.]
The sizes are of the plates,—not of the etched surface.
When the states vary in size that of the first state alone is given.
The sizes are given in millimeters. 25 millimeters equal about 1 inch.
1 * R's Mother: *h. & b. three-quarters r. (After I S. S. & D.), 1628. 2 S. 66x63 2 * R's Mother:* h. only, full face. (After I S. S. & D.). 1628. 2 S. 85x72 2* * R. With a Broad Nose.* Ab. 1628. 70x58 3 * R. Bareheaded, with high curly hair:* h. & b. Ab. 1628. 90x72 4* R. Bareheaded:* large plate roughly etched: h. & b. S. & D. (in reverse) 1629. 178x154 4* * Aged Man of Letters.* Ab. 1629. 238x200 5* Peter and John at Gate of Temple:* roughly etched. Ab. 1629-30, 221x170 6 * Small Lion Hunt (with one lion).* Ab. 1629-30. 158x118 7 * Beggar Man and Beggar Woman Conversing.* S. & D., 1630. 2 S. Mod. 78x66 8 * Beggar Seated Warming Hands at Chafing Dish.* Ab. 1630. 2 S. 78x46 9 * Beggar Leaning on Stick, facing l.* Ab. 1630. 85x46 10 * Beggar in Long Cloak, sitting in arm-chair.* Ab. 1630.115x78 11 * Beggar Seated on Bank.* S. & D., 1630. 2 S. 116x69 12 * Beggar with Wooden Leg.* Ab. 1630. 3 S. Mod. 114x66 13 * Beggar Man and Beggar Woman, behind bank.* (I, II, III S. S.) Ab. 1630. 7 S. 116x84 14 * Man in Cloak and Fur Cap, leaning against bank.* S. (in reverse). Ab. 1630. Mod. 112x78 15 * Beggar in High Cap, standing and leaning on stick.* Ab. 1630, or later? 2 S. 156x120 16 * Ragged Peasant with Hands Behind Him,* holding stick. Ab. 1630. 5 S. 92x77 17 * Flight into Egypt:* sketch. Ab. 1630. 6 S. 135x84 18 * Presentation in Temple* (with the angel): small plate. S. & D., 1630. 2 S. 120x78 19 * Circumcision:* small plate. Ab. 1630. 88x64 20 * Christ Disputing with Doctors:* small plate. (I & II S. S. & D.), 1630. 3 S. Mod. 109x78 21 * B. of Man (R's Father?),* Full face, wearing close cap. (After I S. S. & D.), 1630. 6S. 97x73 22 * B. of Man (R's Father?),* Wearing high cap, three-quarters r. S. & D., 1630. 3 S. Mod. 105x78 23 * Bald-Headed Man (R's Father?)* Profile r. h. only, b. added afterwards. S. & D. 1630. 3 S. 118x97 24 * Bald-Headed Man (R's Father?),* Profile r.; small b. S. & D., 1630. 2 S, 57x43 25 * Three Studies of Old Men's Heads.* Ab. 1630. 79x81 26 * B. of Old Man with Flowing Beard and White Sleeve.* Ab. 1630. 71x64 27 * B. of Old Man.with Flowing Beard:* h. bowed forward: l. shoulder unshaded. S. & D., 1630. 89x75 28 * B. of Old Man with Flowing Beard:* h. inclined three-quarters r. S. & D., 1630. 98x81 29 * R. in Fur Cap:* dress light, b. S. & D., 1630. 5 S. 92x70 30 * R. Bareheaded,* in sharp light from r.; looking over his shoulder: b. S. & D., 1630. 3 S. 75x75 31 * R. Bareheaded and Open-Mouthed,* as if shouting: b. S. & D. 1630. 3 S. 83x72 32 * R. in Cap, Open-Mouthed and Staring:* b. in outline. S. & D., 1630. 51x46 33 * R. Bareheaded, with Thick Curling Hair* and small white collar: b. S. Ab. 1630. 2 S. 57x49 34 * R. in Cap,* laughing: b. S. & D., 1630. 6 S. 50x44 35 * R. Bareheaded,* leaning forward as if listening: b. Ab. 1630. 67x53 36 * R. Bareheaded,* leaning forward: b. lightly indicated. Ab. 1630-31. 4 S. 61-64x48-49 37 * H. of Man in Fur Cap,* crying out. Ab. 1631. 4 S. 34x28 38 * Blind Fiddler.* S. & D., 1631. 4 S. 78x53 39 * H. of Man in High Cap:* three-quarters r. Ab. 1631. 2 S. 36x22 40 * Polander Standing with Stick:* profile to r. S. & D., 1631. 58x21 41 * Sheet of Studies of Men's Heads.* S. (in reverse). Ab. 1631. 2 S. 98x124 41a * Old Bearded Man Nearly in Profile to r.:* mouth half open. 5 S. (After II S. 36x28) 41b * Old Man in Fur Coat and High Cap:* b. 9 S. (After III S. 36x28) 41c * Old Man Seen from Behind:* Profile to r.: half figure. 6 S. (After II S. 72x42) 41d * Man in Square Cap,* in profile r. 4S. (After II S. 45x23) 41e * Man Crying Out,* three-quarters l.: b. 7S. (After II S. 39x34) 42 * Diana at the Bath.* S. Ab. 1631. 177x158 43 * Naked Woman Seated on Mound.* S. Ab. 1631. 3 S. 177x160 44 * Jupiter and Antiope:* smaller plate. S. Ab. 1631. 3 S. 84x112 45 * Man Making Water.* S. & D.. 1631. 2 S. 84x49 46 *Woman Making Water.* S. & D., 1631. 84x63 47 *B. of Old Bearded Man Looking Down,* three quarters r. S. & D., 1631. 2 S. 119x117 48 * B. of Old Man with Flowing Beard:* h. nearly erect: eyes cast down: looking slightly l. S. & D., 1631. 2 S. 67x64 49 * B. of Old Man with Fur Cap and Flowing Beard:* nearly full face: eyes direct. Ab. 1631. 2 S. 62x53 50 * R's Mother with Hand on Chest:* small b. S. & D., 1631. 4S. Mod. 94x66 51 * R.'s Mother Seated Facing R.,* in Oriental head-dress: half length, showing hands. S. & D., 1631. 3 S. 145x129 52 * R.'s Mother Seated at Table Looking R.:* three-quarter length. S. Ab. 1631. 4 S. 147x130 53 * Bearded Man (R.'s Father?)* in Furred oriental cap and robe: half length. (After IS. S. & D.), 1631. 4 S. 146x130 54 * R. Wearing Soft Hat, Cocked:* h. only: body added afterwards (On IV-VII S. S. & D.), 1631. 9 S. 146x130 55 * R. with Long Bushy Hair,* h. only. Ab. 1631. 6 S. 90x76 56 * R. in Heavy Fur Cap:* full face: b. S. & D. 1631. 63x58 57 * R. Wearing Soft Cap:* full face: h. only Ab. 1631. 50x44 58 * R. with Cap Pulled Forward:* b, Ab. 1631. 5 S. Mod. 56x45 59 * R. with Fur Cap,* in oval border: b. Ab. 1631 (or earlier). 90x53 60† * R. with Bushy Hair and Contracted Eyebrows:* b. S. & D., 1631. 3 S. 59x55 61 *R. Bareheaded,* light from r.: b. (II S. only. S.) Ab. 1631. 2 S. 65x63 62† * R. in Slant Fur Cap:* b. S. & D., 1631. 2 S. 63x56 63 * R. in Cloak with Falling Collar:* b. S. & D., 1631. 5 S. 64x54 64† * R. with Jewel in Cap.* Ab. 1631. 2 S. 84x79 65† * B. of Young Man in Cap.* (I S. only. S. & D.), 1631. 2 S. 61x57 66 * R. in Dark Cloak and Cap:* b. Ab. 1631. 3 S. 84x82 67 * R. (?) Scowling,* in octagon: h. only. Ab. 1631. 38x35 68 * Grotesque Profile:* man in high cap. Ab. 1631. 4 S. 38x25 69 * Peasant with Hands Behind Back.* S. & D., 1631. 4 S. 59x49 70† * B. of Snub-Nosed Man in Cap:* profile r. S. & D., 1631. 43x38 71† * B. of Man in Cap,* bound round the ears and chin. Ab. 1631. 54x38 72 * Beggar with Stick,* walking, l. S. & D.. 1631. 3 S. 82x39 73 * Beggar with L. Hand Extended.* (After I S. S. & D.). 1631. 5 S. 77x50 74 * Blindness of Tobit:* sketch. Ab. 1631. 5 S. 81x70 75 * Seated Beggar and Dog.* (II S. only. S. & D.), 1631. 2 S. 109x81 75* * Stout Man in Large Cloak.* Ab. 1631. 113x74 76† * Old Woman Seated In Cottage,* with string of onions on wall. (II S. only. S. & D.). 1631, 3 S. 128x89 77 * Leper **"**Lazarus Klap.**"* (After I S. S. & D, 1631). 6 S. 102x76 77* * Beggar Man and Beggar Woman.* Ab. 1631. 101x76 78 * Two Beggars Tramping Towards R.* (On II S. S.) Ab. 1631. 2 S. 95x59 78* * Two Studies of Beggars.* Ab. 1631. 93x74 79 * Beggar with Crippled Hand Leaning on Stick R.* Ab. 1631. 5 S. 97x42 80 * Old Beggar Woman with Gourd.* Ab. 1631. 2 S. Mod. 102x45 81† * Beggar Standing Leaning on Stick L.:* small plate. (S. Ab. 1631. 42x20 82† * B. of Old Woman in Furred Cloak* and heavy head-dress. S. & D., 1631. 5 S. 58x53 83† *B. of Old Woman in High Head-Dress* bound round chin. Ab. 1631. 2 S. 71x72 84† * B. of Beardless Man (R.'s Father?)* in fur cloak and cap: looking down: three-quarters l. S. & D. (twice), 1631. 3 S. 74x58 85† * B. of Bald Man (R.'s Father?)* in fur cloak looking r. S. & D., 1631. 3 S. 66x58 85† * B. of Bald Man Looking Down, Grinning.* S. & D., 1631. 3 S. 69x57 87† * B. of Old Bearded Man with High Forehead* and close cap. S. & D., 1631. 2 S. 88x74 88† * B. of Old Man Looking Down,* with wavy hair and beard: cap added afterwards. (II S. only. S.) Ab. 1631. 3 S. 57x49 89† * Small B. of Bearded Man Looking Down,* with eyes nearly closed. Ab. 1631? 2 S. 44x44 90 * Sheet of Studies:* h. of R., beggar couple, h.'s of old man and old woman, etc. Ab. 1632. 2 S. 101x113 91† * R.'s Mother in Widow's Dress and Black Gloves.* S. Ab. 1632? Mod. 150x114 92 *Old Man Seated, with Flowing Beard,* fur cap and velvet cloak. S. & D. Ab. 1632. 3 S. Mod. 150x129 93 * Man Standing in Oriental Costume* and plumed fur cap S. & D., 1632. Mod. 107x78 94 * St. Jerome Praying:* arched print. S. & D., 1632. 3 S. 108x80 95 * Holy Family.* S. Ab. 1632. 95x71 96 * Raising of Lazarus:* larger plate. S. Ab. 1632. 12 S. Mod. 366x258 97 * Rat-Killer.* S. & D., 1632. 2 S. 140x124 98 * Polander Leaning on Stick:* profile l. Ab. 1632. 6 S. 82x43 99 * Turbaned Soldier on Horseback.* S. (in reverse). Ab. 1632. 2 S. 81x58 100 * Cavalry Fight.* Ab. 1632-3. 2 S. 108x83 101 * Good Samaritan.* (I V S. only. S. & D.), 1633. 4 S. 258x218 102 * Descent from Cross:* first plate. S. & D., 1633. 516x402 103 * Descent from Cross:* second plate. S. & D., 1633. 5 S. Mod. 530x410 104 * Joseph's Coat Brought to Jacob.* S. Ab. 1633. Mod. 107x80 105 * Flight into Egypt:* small plate. S. & D., 1633. 2 S. 89x62 106 * Ship of Fortune.* S. & D., 1633. 3 S. 111x177 107 * R.'s Mother in Cloth Head-Dress,* looking down: h. only. (After I S. S. & D.), 1633. 3 S. 62x58 108 * R. in Cap and Scarf:* face dark: b. (II S. only. S. & D.), 1633. 2 S. Mod. 146xab. 119 109 * R. with Raised Sabre:* half length. S. & D., 1634. 3 S. 124x108 110 * R. with Plumed Cap and Lowered Sabre:* three-quarter length: afterwards b. in oval. S. & D., 1634. 3 S. Mod. 197x162 111 * Jan Cornelis Sylvius, Preacher. (?)* S. & D.. 1634. 2 S. Mod. 167x140 112 * R.'s Wife Saskia,* with pearls in her hair, b. S. & D., 1634. 86x66 113 * Woman Reading.* S. & D., 1634. 3 S. 123x100 114 * Peasant, One of Pair, Calling Out.* S. & D., 1634. 112x43 115 * Peasant: Other of Pair, Replying.* S. & D., 1634). 111x93 116 * Two Tramps,* Man and woman. Ab. 1634. 62x47 117 * Sheet of Two Slight Studies:* one of two peasants Ab. 1634. 45x75 118 *Joseph and Potiphar's Wife.* S. & D., 1634. 2S. Mod. 90x114 119 *St. Jerome Reading.* S. & D., 1634. 2 S. 108x89 120 *Angel Appearing to Shepherds.* (After I S. S. & D.), 1634. 3 S. Mod. 262x21 121 *Christ at Emmaus:* smaller plate. S. & D., 1634. 101x71 122 *Christ and Woman of Samaria:* among ruins. S. & D., 1634. 2 S. Mod. 121x106 123 *Crucifixion;* small plate. S. Ab. 1634. Mod. 95x67 124 *Tribute-Money.* Ab. 1634. 2 S. Mod. 73x103 125 *Stoning of St. Stephen.* S. & D., 1635. Mod. 95x85 126 *Christ Driving Money-changers from Temple.* S. & D., 1635. 2 S. Mod. 135x167 127 *Girl with Hair Falling on Shoulders* (The "Great Jewish Bride.") (After I. S. S. & D., in reverse). 1635. 4 S. 220x168 128 *Jan Uytenbogaert,* Preacher of sect of Arminian Remonstrants. (After II S. S. & D.), 1635. 6 S. Mod. 250x187 129 *Old Woman Sleeping.* Ab. 1635-7. 69x52 130 *Old Bearded Man in High Fur Cap,* with closed eyes. S. (also S. with initial R. in reverse). Ab. 1635. Mod. 112x100 131 *First Oriental H.* (R.'s father?) S. & D., 1635. 2 S. Mod. 150x124 132 *Second Oriental H.* (R.'s father?) S. Ab. 1635. 150x125 133 *Third Oriental H.* S. & D., 1635. 155x134 134 *Fourth Oriental H.* S. (with initial R.) Ab. 1635. 3 S. 158x135 135†* H. of Old Man in High Fur Cap.* Ab. 1635. 44x32 136 * Bald Old Man with Short Beard,* in profile r. Ab. 1635. 2 S. 66x56 137†* Curly-Headed Man with Wry Mouth.* Ab. 1635. 2 S. 64x60 138 *Polander Standing with Arms Folded.* Ab. 1635. 2 S. 51x47 139 *Quacksalver.* S. & D., 1635. 77x36 140 *St. Jerome Kneeling in Prayer,* Looking down. S. & D., 1635. Mod. 114x80 141 *Pancake Woman.* S. & D., 1635. 6 S. Mod. 109x79 142† *Strolling Musicians.* Ab. 1635. 2 S. Mod. 139x116 143 *Christ Before Pilate:* large plate. S. & D., 1635-6. 5 S. 550x446 144 *R. and His Wife Saskia:* busts. S. & D., 1636. 2 S. Mod. 104x95 145 *Studies of H. of Saskia and Others.* S. & D., 1636. Mod. 151x127 146 *Samuel Manasseh Ben Israel,* Jewish author. S. & D., 1636. 3 S. 149x107 147 *Return of the Prodigal Son.* S. & D., 1636. Mod. 156x136 148 *Abraham Caressing Isaac.* S. Ab. 1637. 2 S. Mod. 116x89 149 *Abraham Casting Out Hagar and Ishmael.* S. & D., 1637. 125x95 150 *Bearded Man Wearing Velvet Cap with Jewel Clasp.* S. & D., 1637. 95x83 151 *Young Man in Velvet Cap* with books beside him. S. & D., 1637. 2 S. 96x83 152 *Three Heads of Women,* one asleep. S. & D.. 1637. 2 S. Mod. 142x97 153 *Three Heads of Women,* one lightly etched. Ab. 1637. 2 S. 127x102 154 *Study of Saskia as St. Catherine* (The "Little Jewish Bride.") S. & D. (in reverse), 1638. 110x78 155 * Sheet with Two Studies: *A tree and upper part of h. wearing velvet cap. H. Ab. 1638: tree possibly later. 78x67 156 * R. in Velvet Cap and Plume,* with an embroidered dress: b. S. & D., 1638. Mod. 134x103 157 * R. in Flat Cap,* with shawl about shoulders. Ab. 1638. 2 S. Mod. 93x62 158 * Man in Broad-Brimmed Hat and Ruff.* S. & D., 1630 (or 1638). Mod. 78x64 159 * Adam and Eve.* S. & D., 1638. 2 S. 161x116 160 * Joseph Telling His Dreams.* S. & D., 1638. 3 S. Mod. 110x83 161 * Death of Virgin.* S. & D., 1639. 4 S. Mod. 409x315 162 * Presentation in Temple:* oblong print. Ab. 1639, 3 S. Mod. 213x290 163 * Sheet of Studies,* with woman lying ill in bed. etc. Ab. 1639. 135x151 164 * Peasant in High Cap,* standing leaning on stick. S. & D., 1639. Mod. 83x44 165 * Death Appearing to a Wedded Couple from Open Grave.* S. & D., 1639. 109x78 166 * Skater.* Ab. 1639. 61x58 167 * Jan Uytenbogaert,* Receiver-general (The "Gold-Weigher"). S. & D., 1639. 3 S. Mod. 250x204 168 * R. Leaning on Stone-Sill:* half-length. S. & D., 1630. 3(?) S. 205x164 169 * Old Man Shading Eyes with Hand.* Ab. 1639. 2 S. 134x114 170 * Old Man with Divided Fur Cap.* S. & D., 1640. 3 S. 149x137 171 * Beheading of John the Baptist.* S. & D., 1640 2S. Mod. 128x103 172 * Triumph of Mordecai.* Ab. 1640, or later. 174x215 173 * Christ Crucified Between Two Thieves:* oval plate. Ab. 1640, or later. 2 S. Mod. 135x100 174 * Sleeping Puppy.* Ab. 1640? 3 S. 64x105 175 * Small Gray Landscape:* House and trees beside pool. Ab. 1640. 38x82 176 * View of Amsterdam.* Ab. 1640 (or earlier) 2 S. 112x153 177 * Landscape with Cottage and Hay Barn:* oblong. S. & D., 1641. 129x321 178 * Landscape with Cottage and Large Tree.* S. & D., 1641 125x320 179 *Windmill.* S. & D., 1641. 144x207 180 *Small Lion Hunt,* with two lions. Ab. 1641. 2S. 154x121 181 *Large Lion Hunt.* S. & D., 1641. 2 S. 224x300 132 *Baptism of Eunuch.* S. & D., 1641. 2 S. Mod. 180x213 183 * Jacob and Laban(?)* S. & D. (in reverse), 1641. 2 S. Mod. 144x113 184 * Spanish Gipsy* (Preciosa). Ab. 1641. 133x113 185 * Angel Departing from Family of Tobias.* S. & D., 1641. 3 S. Mod. 103x154 186 * Virgin and Child in Clouds.* S. & D., 1641. 166x104 187 * Cornelis Claesz Anslo,* Mennonite preacher. S. & D., 1641. 5 S. 186x157 188 * Portrait of Boy,* in profile. S. & D., 1641. 93x66 189 * Man at Desk,* wearing cross and chain. S. & D., 1641. 4 S. 154x102 190 * Card Player.* S. & D.. 1641. 3 S. Mod. 90x81 191 * Man Drawing from Cast.* Ab. 1641. 2 S. Mod. 93x64 192 * Woman at Door-Hatch Talking to Man and Children* (The "Schoolmaster.") S. & D., 1641. Mod. 94x63 193 * Virgin with Instruments of Passion.* Ab. 1641. 2 S. 110x88 194 * Man in Arbour.* S. & D., 1642. 72x56 195 * Girl with Basket.* Ab. 1642. 2 S. 86x63-60 196 * Sick Woman with Large White Head-Dress* (Saskia). Ab. 1642. 61x51 197 * Woman in Spectacles, Reading.* Ab. 1642. 77x67 198 * Raising of Lazarus;* smaller plate. S. & D, 1642. 2 S. Mod. 150x115 199 * The Descent from Cross:* sketch. S. & D., 1642. 148x115 200 * Flute-Player* (L'Espiegle). (After I S S. & D.), 1642. 4 S. 177x144 201 * St. Jerome in Dark Chamber.* S. & D., 1642. 2 S. Mod. 150x173 202 * Student at Table by Candle Light.* Ab. 1642. 33. 146x132 203 * Cottage with White Paling.* S. & D., 1642. (Date only in II S.) 2 S. 130x158 204 * Hog.* S. & D., 1643. 2 S. 143x154 205 * Three Trees.* S. & D., 1643. 211x280 206 * Shepherd and Family.* S. & D., 1644. 95x67 207 * Sleeping Herdsman.* Ab. 1644. 78x57 208 * Rest on Flight:* night piece. Ab. 1644. 4S. Mod. 92x59 209 * Six's Bridge.* S. & D., 1645. 3 S. 129x223 210 * Omval.* S. & D., 1645. 2 S. Mod. 185x225 211 * Boat-House.* S. & D., 1645. 4 S. 127x133 212 * Cottages Beside Canal:* with church and sailing boat. Ab. 1645. 2 S. 140x207 213 * Cottage and Farm Buildings,* with man sketching. Ab. 1645. 129x208 214 * Abraham and Isaac.* S. & D., 1645. Mod. 157x130 215 * Christ Carried to Tomb.* S. Ab. 1645. 130x107 216 * Rest on Flight:* lightly etched. S. & D., 1645. 129x114 217 * St. Peter in Penitence.* S. & D., 1645. 181x116 218 * Old Man in Meditation,* leaning on book. Ab. 1645. 132x106 219 * Beggar Woman Leaning on Stick.* S. & D.. 1646. 2 S. Mod. 81x63 220 * Study From Nude:* Man seated before curtain. S. & D., 1646. 2 S. 164x96 221 * Study From Nude:* Man seated on ground with one leg extended. S. & D., 1646. Mod. 97x166 222 * Studies From Nude:* one man seated, another standing: with woman and baby lightly etched in background. Ab. 1646. 3 S. Mod. 194x228 223 * Le Lit a La Francaise* (Ledekant). S. & D., 1646. 3 S. 152x224 224 * Monk in Cornfield.* Ab. 1646. 48x65 225 * Jan Cornelis Sylvius, Preacher:* posthumous portrait. S. & D., 1646. 2S. 278x188 226 * Ephraim Bonus, Jewish Physician.* S. & D., 1647. 2S. 240x177 227 * Jan Asselyn. Painter.* S. & D., 16..? 3 S. Mod. 215x170 228 * Jan Six.* (After I S. S. & D.), 1647?. 3 S. Mod. 245x191 229 * Rembrandt Drawing at Window.* (After I S.) S. & D., 1648. 5 S. Mod. 157x128 230 * Sheet of Studies with H. of R.,* Beggar man, woman and child. S. 1631 or 1651. 111x92 231 * Artist Drawing from Model:* unfinished plate. Ab. 1648, or later? 2 S. Mod. 231x184 232 * St. Jerome Beside Pollard Willow.* (After I S.) S. & D., 1648. 2 S. 179x122 233 *Beggars Receiving Alms at Door of House.* S. & D., 1648. 2 S. Mod. 164x128 234 *Jews in Synagogue.* S. & D., 1648. 3 S. Mod. 71x129 235 *Medea: or Marriage of Jason and Creusa.* (After III S.) S. & D., 1648. 5 S. 240x177 236 *Christ, with Sick Around Him, Receiving Little Children* ("Hundred Guilder Print.") Ab. 1649. 2 S. Mod. 278x389 237 *Incredulity of Thomas.* S. & D., 1650. 162x210 238 *Canal with Angler and Two Swans.* S. & D., 1650. 2 S. 82x107 239 *Canal with Large Boat and Bridge.* S. & D., 1650. 2 S. 82x107 240 *Landscape with Cow Drinking.* Ab. 1650. 2 S. Mod. 102x129 241 *Landscape with Hay Barn and Flock of Sheep.* S. & D., 1650. 2 S. 83x174 242 * Landscape with Milk-Man.* Ab. 1650. 2 S. 65x174 243 * Landscape with Obelisk,* Ab. 1650. 2 S. 83x160 244 * Landscape with Trees,* farm buildings and tower. Ab. 1650. 4 S. 123x318 245 * Landscape with Square Tower.* S. & D., 1650. 4 S. 88x155 246 * Landscape with Three Gabled Cottages Beside Road.* S. & D., 1650. 3 S. 161x202 247 * The Bull.* S. & D., 165.? 76x104 248 * The Shell.* S. & D., 1650. 2 S. 97x132 249 * Goldweigher's Field.* S. & D., 1651. 120x319 250 * The Bathers.* S. & D., 1651. 2 S. Mod. 109x137 251 * Clement de Jonghe, Printseller.* S. & D., 1651. 6 S. Mod. 206x161 252 * Blindness of Tobit:* larger plate. S. & D., 1651. 161x129 253 * Flight into Egypt:* night piece. S. & D., 1651. 5 S. Mod. 127x110 254 * Star of the Kings:* night piece. Ab. 1652. Mod. 94x143 255 * Adoration of Shepherds:* night piece. Ab. 1652. 8 S. Mod. 149x198 256 * Christ Preaching* ("La Petite Tombe.") Ab. 1652. Mod. 155x207 257 * Christ Disputing with Doctors:* sketch. S. & D., 1652. 3 S. 126x213 258 * David in Prayer,* S. & D., 1652. 3 S. Mod. 143x93 259 * Peasant Family on Tramp.* Ab. 1652. Mod. 112x92 260 * Faust In Study, Watching Magic Disk* ("Dr. Faustus"). Ab. 1652. 3 S. Mod. 209x161 261 * Titus Van Ryn, R.'s Son.* Ab. 1656. 101x72 262 * Sheet of Studies,* with wood and paling. Parts of two heads, horse and cart. Ab. 1652. 108x136 263 * Clump of Trees with Vista.* (After I S.) S. & D., 1652. 2 S. 155x210 264 * Landscape with Road Beside Canal.* Ab. 1652. (74-79)x209 265 * Landscape with Sportsman and Dogs.* Ab. 1653. 2 S. 129x157 266 * The Flight Into Egypt:* Altered from "Tobias and the Angel" by Hercules Seghers. Ab. 1653. 7 S. 213x284 267 *St. Jerome Reading,* in Italian landscape. Ab. 1653. 2 S. 260x207 268 *Jan Antonides Van Der Linden,* Professor of Medicine. 1665. 6 S. Mod. (124+49)x105 269 *Lieven Willemsz Van Coppenol,* Writing-Master: smaller plate. Ab. 1653. 6 S. 257x189 270 *Christ Crucified Between Two Thieves:* large oblong plate (The "Three Crosses") (After the II S.) S. & D.. 1653. 5 S. 385x450 271 * Christ Presented to People:* large oblong plate. (After the V S.) S. & D., 1655. 7 S. 383x45 272 * Golf-Player.* S. & D., 1654. 2 S. Mod. 96x144 273 * Adoration of Shepherds* (with lamp). S. Ab. 1654. 2 S. Mod. 105x129 274 * Circumcision* (in Stable). S. & D., 1654. 3 S. 94x144 275 * Virgin and Child with Cat:* Joseph at window. Mod. S. & D., 1654. 2 S. 94x143 276 * Flight Into Egypt:* Holy Family crossing brook. S. & D., 1654. Mod. 94x144 277 * Christ Seated Disputing with Doctors.* S. & D., 1654. 2 S. 95x144 278 * Christ Between His Parents, Returning from Temple.* S. & D., 1654. 94x144 279 * Presentation in Temple:* Dark manner. Ab. 1654. 210x162 280 * Descent from Cross:* by torchlight. S. & D., 1644. Mod. 210x161 281 * The Entombment.* Ab. 1654. 4S, 211x161 282 * Christ at Emmaus:* larger plate. S. & D., 1654. 3 S. Mod. 209x159 283 * Abraham's Sacrifice.* S. & D., 1655. 156x131 284 * Four Illustrations to Spanish Book.* (On each part after I S.) S. & D., 1655. 5 S. The undivided plate 279x160 285 * The Goldsmith.* S. & D., 1655. 2 S. Mod. 77x57 286 * Abraham Entertaining the Angels.* S. & D., 1656. 159x131 287 * Jacob Haaring* (The "Old Haaring"). Ab. 1655. 2 S. 195x149 288 * Thomas Jacobsz Haaring* (The "Young Haaring"). S. & D., 1655. 5 S. Mod. 197x148 289 * Arnold Tholinx,* Inspector Medical Colleges at Amsterdam. Ab. 1656. 2 S. 198x149 290 * Jan Lutma, the Elder,* Goldsmith and Sculptor. (After I S.) S. & D., 1656. 3 S. Mod. 197x148 291 * Abraham Francen, Art Dealer.* Ab. 1656, or later? 9 S. Mod. 152x208 292 * St. Francis Beneath Tree, Praying.* S. & D., 1657. 2 S. 180x244 293 * Agony in the Garden.* S. & D., 165.. (Ab. 1657?) Mod. 118x83 294 * Christ and Woman of Samaria:* arched print. (On III S.) S. & D., 1658. 3 S. Mod. 205x160 295 * Phoenix; or Statue Overthrown:* Allegory of doubtful meaning. S. & D., 1658. 180x183 296 * Woman Sitting Half Dressed Beside Stove.* S. & D., 1658. 7 S. 228x186 297 * Woman at Bath, with hat beside her.* S. & D., 1658. 2 S. 157x128 298 * Woman Bathing Her Feet at Brook.* S. & D., 1658. Mod. 159x80 299 * Negress Lying Down.* S. & D., 1658. 3 S. Mod. 80x157 300 * Lieven Willemsz Van Coppenol,* Writing-Master: larger plate. Ab. 1658. 6 S. Mod. 341x290 300* * R. Etching.* S. & D., 1658. 118x64 301 * Peter and John Healing Cripple at Gate of Temple.* S. & D., 1659. 4S. Mod. 179x216 302 * Jupiter and Antiope:* larger plate. S. & D., 1659. 2 S. 139x205 303 * Woman with Arrow.* S. & D., 1661. 3 S. 203x123
LIST OF THE REJECTED ETCHINGS
(In the order of Bartsch and Seidlitz, but with the Hind numbers.)
304 * Rembrandt with Falcon.* 126x98 305 * Abraham Casting Out Hagar and Ishmael:* coarsely etched. 81x57 306 * Abraham Casting Out Haagar and Ishmael:* delicately etched. 73x53 307 * Rest on the Flight.* 217x165 308 * Beheading of John the Baptist.* S. with R.'s monogram. 158x124 309 * St. Jerome Kneeling:* large plate. 389x332 310 * Hour of Death.* 1644. 138x89 311 * The Rat-Killer.* 124x81 312 * Woman Cutting Her Mistress's Nails* (Bathsheba?). 124x95 313 * Cupid Resting.* 89x119 314 * Old Man in Turban, Standing with Stick.* 138x108 315 *The Astrologer. * S. f. bol. 140x117 316 *Philosopher in His Chamber.* 70x51 317 *Physician Feeling Pulse of Patient.* 70x54 318 *A Tramp, with Wife and Child.* 66x70 319 *Peasant, Standing.* 58x35 320 *Peasant Woman, Standing.* 59x36 321 *Beggar in Tall Hat and Long Cloak,* with cottage and two figures in background. 118x86 322 *Sick Beggar and Old Beggar Woman.* 76x56 323 *Landscape with Cow;* square tower in distance. 72x120 324 *Village with Two Gabled Cottages on Canal.* 56x174 325 * Landscape with Coach.* 64x177 326 * The Terrace.* 163x188 327 * Clump of Trees Beside Dyke-Road.* 75x204 323 * Orchard with Barn* ("Paysage aux deux allees"). 2 S. 91x205 329 * Village with Ruined Tower.* S. & D., J. Koninck. 1663. 100x153 330 * Landscape with Little Figure of Man.* 331 * Canal with Cottages and a Boat.* 3 S. 166x182 332 * The Large Tree.* 162x128 333 * Landscape with a White Fence.* 90x161 334 * The Angler in a Boat.* 112x139 335 * Landscape with a Canal and Church Tower.* 80x180 336 * Low House on the Banks of a Canal.* Signed P. D. W. 77x207 337 * The Wooden Bridge.* 76x207 338 * Landscape with Canal and Palisade.* D. 1659. 75x204 339 * The Full Hay-Barn.* 99x153 340 * Cottage with a Square Chimney.* 74x177 34l * House with Three Chimneys.*90x160 342 * The Hay-Wain.* 68x132 343 * The Castle.* 79x102 344 *The Village Street.* Signed P. D. W. 81x153 345 *Unfinished Landscape.* Signed P. D. W. 1605 (or 1659). 90x162 346 *Landscape with Canal,* Angler and milk-man. Signed P. D. W. 79x206 347 * Young Man Seated,* with game-bag. D. 1650. 78x67  *Bare-Headed Old Man with Hands upon Book.* 349 * Bald Old Man in Profile L.* 75x69 350 * Old Man with Beard, in Cap:* profile r.: in oval. Mod. 71x54 351 * Man with Square Beard and Curly Hair.* S. with R.'s monogram and D. 1631. 56x48  *Man Crying Out,* three-quarters l.: bust. 353 * Bust of Man with Thick Lips.* 75x60 354 * Philosopher with Hour-Glass.* Wood cut. 55x50 355 * The Painter.* 70x63 356 * Head of Young Man in Broad-Brimmed Hat:* in octagon. 108x90 357 * Young Man In Broad-Brimmed Hat:* lightly etched. 92x67 358 * Bust of Young Man with Feathers in Hat.* 72x52 359 * Small Head of Man in Ruff,* with Feathers in Cap. 31x27 360 * White Negro.* Signed A. de Hae. 120x102 361 * So-Called Study for Great Jewish Bride.* 135x97 362 * Old Woman Meditating Over Book.* 363 * Rembrandt's Mother:* bust. 79x63 364 * White Negress.* S. with R.'s monogram, in reverse. 112x83 365 * Head of Old Woman:* Cut as far as band round brow. S. with R.'s monogram. 36x43 366 * Young Woman Reading.* 106x102 367 * Head and Shoulders of Dog:* sketched in corner of plate. 118x150 368 * Slight Study of Woman's Head.* 64x55 369 * Head and Bust of Man with Beard:* looking down towards l. 79x63 370 * View of Amsterdam.* 58x175 371 * Two Cottages with Pointed Gables.* 66x173 372 * Village Divided by Dyke.* Signed P. D. W. 76x183 373 * Angler in Boat.* 83x182 374 * Landscape with Two Anglers.* 81x180 375 * Two Ruined Cottages.* 113x181 376 * Old Barn.* 73x114 377 * Supposed Portrait of Jan Six.* 46x45 378 * Profile of Old Bearded Man in Turban.* 45x31 379 * Profile of Jewish-Looking Old Man in Fur Cap.* 47x29 380 * Old Man with Pointed Beard.* 63x53 381 * Head of Man with Curly Hair and Thin Moustache.* 63x51 382 * Jew Standing.* 51x40 383 * Head of Rembrandt's Mother.* 50x41 384 * Portrait of Rembrandt.* 54x52 385 * Child Asleep.* 38x40 386 * Bathsheba.* 146x112 387 * Old Man in Broad-Brimmed Hat:* bust in profile. 51x31 388 * The Circumcision.* (II S. only. S.) Rembrandt fecit. 2 S. 214x(165—160) 389 * Head of Old M an with Snub Nose:* in cap: profile to l. 27x21